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A Dictionary of Miracles 




Ebenezer Cobham Brewer 



Digitized by 



Googli 



Digitized by Google 



• 



A 

DICTIONARY OF MIRACLES 



Digitized by Google 



Digitized by Google 



A 



DICTIONARY OF MIRACLES 



Imitative^ Realistic^ and Dogmatic 



WITH ILLUSTRATIONS 



BY THK RSV. 

E. COBHAM BREWER, LL.D 

{Tht Fiftieth or GoUen Year of his Authorship, 1884) 

MTM» 09 "OOIOB TO fCISNCS" (TKKIS HUNDUD AMD UGHTtBTN TMOmUMP) 

"mmtoirt or nuMcs" (tbmth bditioii) ; "mmm «p eniiAirr* 
'vinoMOV m ■cnwcs" i/aemm sditiom); **uaob«'s wwrnqor" (thibo ntfm| 
'siCTioitAKr or rHKAss and rxBLB** (sixtssmtm ntnolO 

**MILBi rOK BMGUUI ftnLUMC;" STC, SIC. 




J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY. 

1694. 



Digitized by C 



MBS. P. MILLS AND MBS. HENBY STOBT, 

WHO llBflfT XAUOBT BIM, 

WHAT TEUE BLNEVOLENCS AMD KINI>.HEjLRTSDIIR8i 
rRAOriCALLT XBAV, 

II 

(wimooT mm amexim wwatwami, avo wholly winioot 

DIDICATEUk 
Vm UlFHOnD ASMIEATIlMlf 

n wiB msHaoo% 
THK AITTHOB* 




CONTENTS. 



lynoDtTcnow «. •• »• •• xl 

Objkct or THR BonK sril 

IltTKKKSCU DfJ>UCTBLK „ „ „ xiX 

rmr.r Ai THORrriM crrgp nt Tm» Book .. .. xxir 

y^-TLKSlASll'JXL StMBOLB XXFLAIXEP «, .~ XXT 

THAiMATtm.iyra «. ~~ «. nx 

CmLI>-MAHTTK» TAXOXtZKn «. .~ ~. ~. ~. ~~ »XXil 

SAiyTS or THK NlHKTr.K!<TH Cr.KTCBT .. .. .. " xxxlll 

The Chr»tia?c Fathrks . .. xx«ly 

lUTP-K OF EoCLFJilAHTlCAL Cl»TOM8. DonitA.8, TTTI-iai. ffTO. ««»T 

I.NflTBCMXMa or TORTCXE ALLUDKD TO, WITH IlLL 9TgATIOM I. 11 Ml 



PART T. 

MIRA0LS8 or SAINTS IN IMITATION OF 80BIPTURS MIBA0LE8. 



AaroD** rod l>»^nip^ a »erpn>t 


rAOB 

.. a 


Chains fall off 




MM. 


ft 


Abraham otTi rs up hi^ eon IsdAO .. 












U 


• prtiml«<Hl a »o«^ .. 


• • 


8 


Chrl^t ttcx.UM'd of sorcery 






to 


Ahab covciji N»both'« vineyard ., 


• • 


i 


us H child . . 


u 




u 


Anaitias an'i Sapphira 


• • 


4 


—— convpriiiif^ with dinners 




• • 


•0 


Angel of deutb iilieaihe« bh Bword .. 


• • 


1 


— enters, tlie d<x)rs b^ing sbtlt 


• • 


• • 


in 






6 


identities Himself with ibe Door 


• f 


61 


AnR**!" r^rrv BOul« to paradlne 




7 


Churlishness 




■ ■ 


•3 


. eiitert.iin'-d unaware^ .. 


• • 


8 








•4 


— — have charRe of the MinU ,. 


• • 


8 








M 


— m nt to ciiti!«oIr 












« 


Anp-N' f«Kj<l givrn to man .. 




14 


Compacts with Satan ,. 


■ • 


• • 


M 






U 








#1 


Ani/iiiliritt the •Ick with oil . 




15 


Con'-umed but not diminished 






ft 


AppariDono uf aiigeU uiid ulnta. (Secalno 




Coiivcr«ions in larj;'^ nuuibire 


• • 


•t 


M 


Pl. lii ) 






Corn' llus the c tititrlon 






ft 


■ ■ i<> fctve directions about tbelr dead 




Cripple^ the lialiuml the malm«l. cored 


• • 








» 


Crij*fl in th'- sky . . 


• • 


• • 




Appear •nice'* ^xjn after death 


• • 


33 


CutiiiiK lilock^ with a raior 




t-l_ 


ts 


Army of martyrs 


• • 


S4 


I>ani<'l act used of prayt-r 




at- 


U 


A ureula. ftlurles celestial IlKbtiL MC. 


•• 




ixivid and the >lrauKht uf water 


• • 


» » 


U 


Ilaiaam> infamous i-niiDwl 




41 


in ibe cave <>f AdulUm 






U 


KtlaiKe ol the Hanctiurv 


• • 


41 


Dead hearing, ^p^'akin^, aiid movlllS 


• • 


ft 


Har.en women the niolher* of children 




42 


raised to ltf>- a^am 


• • 




Tt 


Kiblioniancy, «orl«'f«, beluniancT, etc. 


f * 


44 


solution suggested 


• • 


• • 


ST 


Blin lneM miraculously cured .. 


• ■ 


44 








f» 






44 








ff 


from demoniacal poMTMloo Ctired 




49 


ivillah 






•f 


Bio^d and wat^r frmn n wound 




49 


Deliverance from prison 






90 


K^n'- Bliall U'-l bi- broken 




bO 


Demoniacs po>sesac-d m lib a aplrit of truth 


92 


It.«.k »ri tJ-ti «lihln and witboui 




M 








99 


B'jun ! by the d"vii 


• • 


61 


full of mischief 






ff 






fil 


taking m< i) up Into the alT 




ft 


9« 


Bra/.en i>«'rpenl . . .. .. ., 


• ■ 


61 


Devils a<uium(' divers forms 






H 


HriMight Him {Why have ye not) 


• • 


62 


r^Ast out 






lot 






63 


ret-ogtiizliig persona 




• • 


103 






64 


tell half-truths . . 






19« 


'^♦m« l«' hair raiment 




Sft 


tormented N-fore their timA 






104 


Cauldron Innocuous. TSee Firk iKsoccoca, 




Diana of the Kphe«ii»ns 






106 






66 


Dido and the bull's hide 






101 



Tiii 



CONTENTS. 







•• 


lOT 


f TftKoti* and «♦•rl^«•nt^ pubj«»ct«l 




• • 


ll« 


Dri'am-*, wumtnff ai d prupliellc 

r ■ ^ x~7 — ~ 






117 


Dry Uini « rf*t<in*d to life . . 




• • 


IM 








in 


Klf-tiioii of t)i!i|iii|»<« 






121 


Klijah and tb<- prif6t» of Rul 


• • 




IM 


and tlx' widow of ZarepbMh 


• • 




m 


rats anffoln' food 

J E 


• • 




ii6 


• fi-d by rav»'nB 


• • 


■ • 


lii 


— — maki ft rain to fall or ctaM 






in 


— ^ i>|ilrlt<-d nwaj ,. 






131 








HI 


— tr»!i!<Utlfn .. 






lai 


E.i*ha and Ihi- axe . . 






I.T2 


and the Moatdt* 


• ■ 


• • 


i:t3 


I all- d " »iald-pate " 






i:u 


h<'ai» the vtatpr of drrkho 






i3t 


Kutycliiii n-ftorf-d to life 






IM 
















136 








136 








141 


Fish niiracl''« . . 




U 


142 


Flowers arid fnilts from paradlw 






lU 


FckkI multipll'Nl 






14ft 


CarnienrB touched or tonrbinK 


m a 




160 


GiitfH openinK «ponianecu»ly 




• • 


IM 








m 








IM 


Gift «.f t. i>ftnf <i 




■ • 


lU 


Glastonbury t' orn 




• • 


lU 








lU 








lft6 


tHlkn with man 




u 


16* 


Oi)»«lien fi>'ver»-d Irum the pl/<fn>eA 


• • 


• • 


160 


Gravitation RubiuiaMve to aalnta 






160 








16S 


}lair a talinman 




• • 


166 


){,iniiin raiieht in his own n<?t 






166 


Head < arrl»-<l alU r decaplt.it ion. 


(iVx^hltu 




may In- addiil, «*« (iibbon. cb. xxxLz.) 


167 


Hi ab-d by nrif^M 






no 


Ilrrd of «» ine 






170 








171 


— - reprovftl 






175 


Werodiaa and the Rnptist'l bead 






176 








IV? 


Honpttality enjoined .. 


• • 


* • 


177 








177 








160 


lMipiii»-<l merit. (.See ViCAKrors StrrE«- 






• • 


304 


Infant* in the womb drmoDt^atire 






Jacob's ladder 







m 


• Pill" 


• • 




306 








308 








308 
















20* 








2«f 








309 








210 


iuipleiui'd by Satan ,, 


• • 


• • 


'ill 








713 








31.1 


l^Uxir iu Tftln 






21 :i 








214 


Lllletl up Id prayer, etc .. 


• • 




Sift 









Loca<»tj* . . 








Lot's w Ife 




aa 


99% 


















Mftaniorptio-'es ,, 


•• 


• • 












Jlirai.les not cl.if<>itied 




aa 










tn 


















cwtumiwioned by (mxI 


• • 




33> 


Bweei) n> the waters of Marah 




m 










.NathaiiacI 








Natural murka a<«rrib. d to miracle* 




341 


Niiture dirturbed at ibe crudtixioa 




34i 


NnMrit'H 






349 


ynn uii iicc Dg\M*r viiin M*^nnoe 


m-M 




313 


Oil 


■ 


♦ 


244 


— — on troiiblrvl WAti'ra 






344 


I'aral vlic!< beftlf*d 


• * 


• • 


346 


1 ■III sriil VlviTt^fl 






9*^ 








34T 


and the viper . . .. 


• • 




M 


. li t do« n In a haaket 


- * 




M 


Paul's nuie fixed by * rtokm 


• • 


• • 


348 








343 


Penitent tliirf 


• • 


• • 


249 


peter di-nicK Christ .. .. 


• • 


* * 


350 








3ftl 


Pinnacle of the temple 


• • 


• • 


i&i 


Plamii- St lived .. .. 


• • 


• • 


3&3 


Pool of lift hf'da 


tJI 




3&S 








353 


I*rixll>;al i»on . . .. 


• « 




3ftft 








3M 


Rcionclllallon befar« offering* 








Relics 


u 


• • 


357 


cnratlve .. 


U 






of the cnicifixion 


u 




399 


R» lit KAfnienUs . . 




• • 










3Yft 


Kll ll f.H.l 






«• 


















Nabbatic n nt 




- ■ 










SSI 
















384 


Se* obeys saints 


Lf 


Lt_ 


3»4 








3M 


Sbadr.icli. Mesbacb. and Abe^inetco 


•• 


SM 


ShIbUileth 






vm 


Slilp iiuraculou^ly hrongbt to land 






•• Show me I'hy (f lory " 


• • 




2x8 


Slnutm arnl tli- CliiM .lesuB 








SiHlom ai.d 111-' iK-jd .Se* 






V*9 








28t 




SiM-akiiiK witliont a tonirilS 


• • 


LI- 


393 


8i>ei rh a(<:riN d to dumb nntmalfl .. 




tH 


Spider's web 


• • 


• • 


394 


Spiiile curative 






294 


Star Hi bir:h or death 






296 








397 


Sloties made bread 






J9T 


Sun suliniiviive to saints 


f Juflhoa'a 




n.'irarle) . . 






39T 











d by Google 



CONTENTS. 



T' mple A d«n of thterfls 301 

T'-mptdtiunB 303 

T'AM burl'-9 tb« de«d 303 

Tongues of ftre .. .. ., 304 

Tom-blriK for the ktng'f eril .. 306 

Tranc*-, e<-«U«8y, etc. ! . - - 30rt 

Trv« of kuow ledge 7. T. 7. ., 3U 

Uncha-jte *ii<l unclean gpirite .. .. 3U 

Urim end TtaumtDim 7. 7. .. 31ft 

VeronicAi 316 

Vicarious BufTeriog 819 



ytolgncg offered to Mlnta pnulahed 3M 

Visions and revelatioDS 7. . , 321 

VolcoA from heavon SM 

^^'alking on water .. .. .. .. 329 

\Vat«'r Bupiillitl . 332 

turned Into wino 336 

\\ ater* dividt-d and heaped up Ufll 

Wise men of the Ka*t 77 84t 

\yitcbe» and fmuiliar gplrits .. 341 

World aU se«n st once 7. .. M 

ZcAloiwofUMUw U4 



PART TT. 



A'!nltCT«ra U» 

AUt off U» 

Almighty »4> 

Angelw differ in glory 881 

— - luinUterlng sptrita .. .. 353 

Ant<-diluvi«n longevity .. 363 

" Afk and receive .. .. .. 884 

tWt^ 358 

h.-«'tK of bnnlen S&7 

Ik-Awio. Mrd**. and fl^bes presdied to 387 

contulliiL' In !»alnu 386 

yiitMiiiH-sive tu w.ilnta .. .. 300 

B«'at< n H ith m.iny stfipea 86T 

(VmiKv of hoUncM 77^ 71 71 71 388 

«-e-m"..ulhed 3<5 

IjelUandclockn. (3eeGl^^^ FROM IlKATKj*.) 389 

Bird'* telling tlie matter 37g 

ItUxid-nioney .. .. .. .. .. 371 

1U.-0.1 of Chi Ut cleftn-eth from all aio . . 37l 

H««<iMi of waintH Inc'imiptUde ■• .. 372 

Kinds raiiiirtt hliid the Word of (iod . . 3T4 

Hniying lo de^th in a moitar 375 

Brnad ajid narrow way .. 378 

Burden of nin .. . . .. .. .. 378 

Ca:aphaw> counwl to the Sanhedrim 378 

CatidleK an<l lanipn .. . .. «. 377 

Captiveg und iirl»incni aet fre« .. .. 379 

C<u-ri<-d and d' liventl 3»0 

♦•(^ast thy bread on the watera** 380 

Chantp-lingH .. . 380 

Chanty itw own rewid «» .. 381 

n,rl-.t'i»-fore all Sttl 

Chrl<i> «onx)W» 388 

0) aN of fire 3»3 

Qjntentment 388 

Qivetogsneiw U Idolatry 384 

Crucify the I>.rd tfrfj^o 

iMrimeM turned to light 354 

fiay for a year 384 

Pt'ath at the door "~8BB 

Death-terrjra .. .. .. .. 388 

l>.-»erc ma de fertile 888 

Iv-oirualon of the tcmpla 388 

I»evil a liar .. .. 387 

man'w adverwary 387 

1) i«»gnn'nieiit tor Chriiit'a Bake . 388 

I)ividfd kingdom 390 

Dnmbidola .. . 390 

Fn' mles turned hack or scattered ^ 391 

>:n>fravi d on the heart 391 

Fall - innocuous to Miinta 892 











m. 


Fool. 


(See Rich Fool, pt. i.) 




• • 


•M 


Jhooiunnesw of preaching ., 




• • 


m 


Fountain becomen a river 




■ ■ 


394 


Fruitfulborvests 




■ * 


39i 


Fruntratlon of wicked devloe« 






8M 


Gi/tH f 










Giving 


to the poor. (See Lexdiko to tb« 




I»KD.) 


•• 




88t 


Glass and pottery miracle* 






S9« 


Uod protects His saints 






397 


will provide .. 






398 










Happy in BuflerinK ., 






m 


Harm 


warded off 






491 


Heart and treasure go together 


• • 


• • 


419 


Ilea then gods are devils .. 




t-l_ 


41* 








411 


Hell 






U_ 


419 


Holitiefw belter than rabies 


■ ■ 


m-M 


418 


lluni fkjit qui uiai y {>on«*« ., 






41ft 


Hnii>«>holJ'* i*»?t at variance by the gospel 


4I« 


iiiinareiiioia returned 






414 


Idol-makern confounded 


MM- 


* * 


4ir 


IniKxs-niy prot<»c!cd by God 






41T 


Jiisiilruiiiiii prntniw-d to saints 




HI 


4IT 


J uttic 


Jusiitlixl iu forgiveuena 




• « 


418 


Landing to the Lord. (See Gm»o TO Tn« 




l'<>OR.) 






418 










Life more than food ,. 






428 


Light 


• • • ■ • f « • 


• • 


• • 


420 


Ltive your enemies .. 


■ ■ 




4-il 


Luke the evangellat an artist 


• • 


• • 


422 


Mammon of unrighteousness 






m 


Markn of the l/urd Jesus 






429 


Men like trees 








43T 


More than conqnerora 






427 


Mortify 


r the body 




A-A 


m 


Music 


leard at death 






43S 


Nakedrwss of man 






434 


Nai ur- 


sulijit t»^l to fnlth . . 






4:^ 


Nothing that detiU tli fihall enter io 




49» 


Oil and wine as a medlcameat 


■ * 







Pajter from heaven .. 




* * 


4af 


Piiwtlng away 


• • 


• • 


437 


PUgue 


■ • • • . • • ■ 


* - 


A-> 


437 


Poison innocuous to saints . . 









Politeness of naints when dead 






m 


Portion* glTeo .« 






489 



d by Google 



CONTENTS, 



rAUB 


! TT ^ — m 


luiii oI)«h11i>iu to umia 


olK-diflitt'iBjiintll, (Se«OBAVTTATIO«.J 463 

Strength according to our d*7 .. .. 






Revllcil and pcniecut^^d 


Thoiiglitu dlv rnrd ♦•>«> 

" riiUH far, but no further .. *b8 

~- , , iJ7 


8aUn ut an •nuc I of light 


loriliiuteu o^ urviiv «« -wwa 

" louL-h not illiio anointed" .. 4» 


filling from he«veo *^ 


\ 1 ■ H AAA 


Sea giving up ttio «li»a .. .. 


n* - 1 J 


"S- il all thou liii-.l " *** 




Separation from Chrirt impownw* «** 




She<>p obcaienl td UinU r, 71 


Water Irmocuoiw to aalnU .. .. 411 


hilfoce • 


White ^tone .. 4T1 


Sinn forglvrft 


Winga •• •• 


Slt'<'p«rs in ilf»th .. •• •• ''''' 
S<ire* *.iiJ blilnn cuml *M 


Wolves and lamtM 4'^ 


Soul of man. (See LX)VE8, etc.) .. 


Women's appurel < 

Words sjwken dy Mints spread lar ., 4Ti 


Spider'a web •• **} 




truing the KgypiUn* 





PART IIU 

KIBAOLEB TO PBOVl CHUBCH DOGMAS. 



Apparltlona for c<clet»la*tical pgrpow 



Apps 



und IVujort of I hn«t 



Celibacy arid m.irrit-d c<;llbatea 



4Htt 

i&7 









tiuardia'i ank;cls 


• • 










Inceniw 


tt 




M(.na.ttlc llf(> and moiiafif^ries 


• • 











Odour of sanctity ,, .. 


.. lie 




.. SI3 


to nainta 


613 




.. &13 




618 


Ton^UH' 


_. 51» 


Virgin Mary and her fi^tivals 




Voire from h' «ven 







Althabbticai. Uobx r Dooblb £btb¥ ». _ 



INTRODUCTION. 



M9 



Another mmcB of legendary myths wee the habit of edeptetion. It wee 
onrtoneiy in leligioae honeet for aome one to teed elond during menUtime, end 

ft favourite nmuaement was to adapt some heathen tale end B|>iritualize it. 
Popular adaptations would be remembered, aiid handed down ; and in time these 
tmditions would be lifted into the imlioool hagiography. Sevaral of thfloe 
a<iaptationB app«^ar in the body of this book. 

Again,* tho dugm* tiiat the end sanctifies the means, oould not fail to be pro* 
dnetive of iniBenee vliehiet It wonld melter little or nothing whet deception 
wee practiied, peovlded men were penonded theiehj to nhendon their idols end 
be heplised. Origen lays it down as an axiom that n "flJeehood is qnite InwAd, 
when told to promote the cause of Chriittiunity." 

After all, by far tho most fruitful suurce of liypothetiml mjra< h'8, espeeially 
thofMj connectfd with names of midoubted honesty and iioliiicsg, ia tiie uniiealthy 
and abuormal lives led by tho saints ; their unwholesomo and insufficient food ; 
the eoneenlmtlon of nil tiieir Ihonghts on one subject, sad thst n peimliarly 
eenselfcmsl one ; and the limit of their reeding to the **livee of oeints," erowded 
with mimdes. These combined ooald not fail to prodnoe disordered Tital action 
and vitrei distnrbftnoeb whieh would, of course, act upon the imegination, and 
fatally handicap the di>oemment of the mind. It is common sense which first 
gives way; and far short of lunacy or iiliotcy the fancy may seo things which are 
not. Macbeth was quite houubt, wheu he tuld his wife he bad seen a dagger ia 
the air ; and Utimlet, when he believed he had seen his father's spirit. This 
dagger end this spirit were rsalities to the seere, ee mnoh so as any of the 
erdinniy phenomena of eommon life. Their troubled minds inlbrmeU thne to 
thefar eyes, wheress in e healthy brain the ^es inform the mind. These visione 
«e of such stuff as dreamt are mode of, but dreams are roalities bo lonp^ as the 
mental condition lasts which produc<'d thetu. Without entcritirr on the question 
ci objective idealism, it is ondoubtedly true in a very large sense that the mind 

fcfsd by «w ststvall Boom of God; thait the prints of Bt Franndi stripM, tbs U^Ia of am 

8sTloiir'«i jv^fto, ami iY,^. milke of our blr5-^<:d I .aJr, rirr thi- ilny to be seen ? " 

* Tber« csuiMit be » dvotA tbsl some meo, either hj iegenlemsin like Miuskclyne snJ Cooke, 01 
IgrhsdIlytiaWagnkstiM yofis moA ftMrsof Indls, amiilreaR spfisrent power over ths bwsst 
IMttir«, which to thr- tinfntt(ntfi1 smm^ mIr.ini1ot;«. Prob«blj thw U not a Hlnglc "miracle of the 
WlAoW ia all tbia bowk whicb tbey wouUi oo( be able to imitate. Socb tbiogs as '*Tmlaing ths 
ted** (p. M). ^tasBlfBgdlseaaeslnitsateiMeasly,'' Mflostfngimbeslr" (p.St»> **wclslilln«Mtieli» 
so as tft m.ik" them immovabk, and rct^slng thrm aa Boddenlj " (p. 160). "bettig appri».d of 
•vcota uccurrlDg msajr miles away, and guee^ing wltb marvelloai accuracy future events " (callf>4 
f if wl Jj io). are h o anb o l d trlslcs ameiit Bmhafns sad taddhisla. Msajsa EDfUsbaisB hassesa 

them thri5',v n rope Into thr nir, rlimh up it, and BUddf'Tily ilisapp^ar. MaJiy an ^ ri^ll'^hmnn h.iv r< rti 
A Brabmta iiiaod on tbe tiaiik of * river, rei^r a pail of water quite immovable, aud aa ouddealy 

nlssasll. WlsbinafBeifc«rgslvsnicsppsrttiwtlMielsa»dtlBealtylBSiidiatrlelt,liattlMlBdl^ 

operatnr .ip;<arcritly haa none. Many an Englli^htuan liaa been told by an Indian of ^mic event occurs 
ling miles awsjr, wbicli baa proved correct. Tbe *' ipesbsuatibis boUle " might paaa for tbe molt|< 
pUaMonsf •Nitothosslgnscaataf llasisdiitcfM^^ sad flMc«aiiooa**nMiigotrlek'' Is every 

bit aa anuutog aa any rf !Im- "tni and flower njirack-s" n-cordfd of the faints, rbolography, 

telegrspby, sad chcmt^trj have uugbt us to talk oiore modestly of tbe Immutsble Uwa of ostanw 
1*ir *rr *T—liTlrTT rt'y illl irt ianr liinr tn ithsnp thwn 



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Srt INTRODUCTION. 

«f every man oreatmtts own creation. Tbe child and the Idiot w^o a crown of 

gold in a tinsel cap, ftHfl n l>?\iiqu( t of kio;^ in (\ Tow frapnuMits ' f hmkon fnnrl. 
The sftvace pcch n v:''>d i" »i blofk or stone. Bel was a vital louy tn t)n' wise 
Cyrus till Daiii«'l liiHiilusioned him. Men and women need not be lunatics or 
•avagea to «te with the eyes of fancy or fashion. This sort of self-deoeption is 
quite eoin|Mtible with honesty of nrfndyimdoitbted piety, im pmaehable eondiM^ 
ead liitBlleot of tbe higheii older ; but It Mooonta for tiie nivgDlM' faeft thai one 
penoQ may see or hear what fifty other bjrvlanderB fall in doin^. althongh 
the attention of all is e^iuallT directed to tlie same object. The broodin*? mind 
ean create a pnin in nnr pnrt of the body, or inform the brain of Rnvtnin<j; it 
likes or loathes. 'J his wt U-kuown pathological process will f^o far to • unt for 
the three subioets of this volume, that so many of the let;endtt of the suiots are 

iMiTATioM ti Beriptara aloilei; Uiak to many are MUtwrio nxAmnumom of 
•MMng texti; and itot afow are put forib to prove the dooiias of tbe [Bnman] 
CbtboHo Cborob. Althoogh, therefove, there maj be enme wlio will dislike to 

eec the subject so anatomized and laid bare, it cannot be ditpttted that the 
tttbject is patholo^cally, tl)e<>lo<Tically, socially, and morally one of the aott 
important and interesting tliat oan be Tontilnted. 

The word •■ Saint" appondod to Hvlng chRractiTfl U acknowlr^ji»>J to be an M}aehronlMl, M 
canoniXAtigo never took place till after death, ■ometlmefi after th^ lapse of • oeotory or mom; bol 
lbs spptoAiSB Is conwalaMt An* MsnllttMtlflii, aad Indscdl la nwy casst a oaaw wmM doI h$ 

reoofpiUed wUhont St. Rnt St. M<ws. St. T.tutch, Rt M>riham. 8t. David the •wc©t pwlin^i. St. 
bakh. aad w on, strike ttrangely od the I^t«ataat mi, and in such caaei tbe prefix b*a bma 

Tl niiT=t hf KirrT* fn mfn't tliftt the fame now atfachof! tr> n^tthnrt wm In thr» r>i!r!T nni-t mSitllo 
ag«M cLietly engruM«d by Mjat«. The prufeaston of sanctity waa (he hlgh-ruad to Quturkrt/, aod 
•rislniA^ to IMS. ai in aaaMffiUlk. was cspadallf sfltactfld. 

a,* Tt !< to h" h'^pr^<^ i>iif th" nnvol rcndeilBg Sf **8aama SDAIhs lawbooi^'' ** jMhia SBdttl 
f 08," etc, will Dot be deemed oat of plaoa. 



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OBJliSGT OF 



THifi BOOK 



Tn objwi of this volame is to show bj 
^■te Alone ft mode of thought which pre- 
Vliltd in Chridt«D(lum fur many centuries, 
tad has not yet died out.* It was 
generally accepted ia tbe earlj aad 
medieval ages thai tiiia earth if the 
kin;^'d<)in of ( lod and of His Christ, and 
that whatever oppotted this reign is the 
work of Satan and his angels. Taking 
this as an admitted fact, it wouM follow 
as a natural consequence that law and 
medicioef science and literatare, arc 
nerely handmaids of diriaitj. Law 
being legi>l divinity ; leedieraft, ncdleal 
divinity ; the arts, scientific divinity ; 
■uUhematics, magical divinity ; as- 
tMNiomy, astrological divinity ; and «rith- 
out divinity, even the hiiginning oi 
wisdom could not exist. 

Law was not trying offences by evi- 
deooe, bat by an appeal to God to defend 
fbe right. Heiioe eonra task was ap- 
pointed, it muttered little what, and (iod 
was expected to make the guilty person 
Ml in aeeompiishing it. So in medicine, 
cures were not effected hy dru^^s and 
minerals, but by charms and amulet!*, 
pi^prioiagee and relics, the sign of Uie 
OOM and the name of Jeeua. it waa not 
the experimental physician who cured 
the sick, so much as the priest, the 
delegate of God. Nor was it otherwise 
ia adenoe, where magic and astrology 
were mainly relied on ; and as these were 
supposed b}' tho clergy to bo under the 
influence of Satan, science was not 
laTonred by the Ghorch. Aatbtpiiaat 
waa the officer of God, hia greal atni waa 
to sever himself as much as possible from 
earth — to stamp out eveiy earthly wish, 
anrer^ earthly affeetloB, vmf earthly 
ambition ; aad the more he succeeded 
in emptying himself thai, the more 
perfect was be, as the serraat of God. 

Ae the Bible waa th« oqfaf oode and 
ozemplar, the ambitioB of tae religiona 
■was U) imitate in all things the examples 
aet before them there, hence the claim 
to miraealons powera, and banee I3bm 
miracles ascribed to the saints are so 
often imitative of Bible ones. The first 
part of this volume is to show this ; and 
the pkaa adopted ia aa foUowa* S^me 
nlnde of tho Bibla ia taken aa a text, 
tod then from the various hagiographies 
«a quoted oomapooding examplea. 



ThoBi aappose the text ia '* BU]ah feu 

by ravena, the following are considered 
parallelisms : — Auxentius fed by a pigeon 
prince (Jadoo fed by a mouse ; Catherine 
of ▲lexandiia fed by a dove ; St. Coth- 
bert fed hy r»oka ; Dr. Monlina fed by a 
hen ; an old hermit fed by a lion ; Paul 
the hermit fed l>y a crow ; St. Sorus fed by 
a stag ; Wyat fed by a cat ; and so on. 
If the text is " Eli^ha's axe made to float 
on the surface of the water," the follow- 
ing miracles are cited as parallels : — St. 
Be ned ict nultaa an azo-haad, whieh haa 
fiUlen into a laka, riaa to Hie anrfkoe, and 
fix itself firmly into its haft again ; St. 
Wulf ran makes a silver paten, accidentally 
dropped into the aea, loat oa tin anrfMO 
till it is rescued. 

The second part gives data illustrative 
of Scriptare texts. Some text being 
taken, a nnmbar of wiiaoiea are set down 
to prow ita literal tralii. These are called 
in this volume " lit'ili'^tio Miracles," 
For example : If the Bible says, " Thou 
hast hid those thing* from the wiae and 
prudent, and revealed them anto babes," 
it must be shown that babes have been 
wise where wise men have fldlada If Iho 
Bible laya, **I will make a eovenant 
with the beaata of the field,*' it must be 
shown bj data that saints have actually 
entered into comuacs* with wild beasts. 
If it ia8aid»«*Tho«wil« aoi anlier Thy 
holy one to see comiptioOi'* it most be 
shown that the bodies of aMnts do not 
decay like other bodies. If it is said, 
Nothing ahall by any meaae hurt you, 
it mnat be shown by examples that sainta 
have been subjected to every sort of t0V« 
ment, and yet have reoeived no hart. 

The third part oonsieta of mfaacles to 
prove Roman Catholic dogmaa. The 
whole is arranged in double alphabetical 
order ; that is, each head is in alphabetic^ 
order, aad eaeh item under the head is ia 
alphabetical order likewise. As, how- 
ever, no conceivable plan could have 
been adopted to range data under hMda, 
and yet give each namo aad ariijael a 
place easy to be found by every one, 
constant oroao rofereoces are made, and 
an index, by doable entry, ia added, ia 
which the naoMa aad piuticuUHs are 
arranged ia atrial alphabetiad order 
wholly imspeetive of the subject matter. 
Thus, if we havo Paul the hermit fed 
■iiaeolaaNfy a mmf* ahaU IM 



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OBJECT OP Tme BOOK. 



thi», and all its congenera, under the 
head of " Elijah fed bv Ravens ; " but in 
the index onder ** Piuii the Uennit," ud 
under ** Crow ** alto. 

The arrangepient under beadi it 
valuable for twu reaaons ; it shows at a 
glnoee what miracles are most frequently 
repeated, and also the shades of difference 
introduced ; while the index facilitates 
references to any name or item which 
nay be rnoired,* and adda to each bead 
many freah examples interlaeed with 
olbar aubjects. 

A few passing obsenrations have been 
oecasionally introduced in small type ; 
but a rule comment has been avoided, 
and the data left to speak for themselves. 
It may appear like vanity to say that the 
reading required baa been Gurgantuan, 
but laMrions aa lliie has been, the arrange- 
ment has been far more difficult, espe- 
cially in the second part. The book 
oeeupies entirely new ground, and how- 
ever startling some of the examples may 
appear, they one and all go to make up 
an irresistiblttratboC «mNraio«alualorical 
importance* 

Wifliowk d«uU, a book of this diaraeler 
must not be based on ohscurc writers, 
and authors out of date. Ihe auttiorities 
hare depended on are the highest possible : 
nopeSi archbishops, bishop!*, ana abbots. 
Inist and foremost come the four series 
of the Acta Sanctorunt, the firt<t i.f which 
brings the lives down to 1768, the secrad 
to 17if« the tiiivd to 1896, and the fourth 
to 1855. This magnificent monument of 
industr}' and learning (of course in Latin) 
takes a very high position in the [RomanJ 
Catholic Church ; althi>(i^'h certain Pro- 
testants duubt the judgment of some of 
the thirty-three coIlab<^>rators. It is not, 
however, private judgment, like that ex- 
ercised by AlbaaBafler, Oat is reqnirsd 
in such a work, half so much as a fearless 
and faithful delineation of what Rumao 
Gatbolies theoualves now believe, and 
tver have believed; and this, no doubt, 
is broadly represented in the Acta 
ffgnf^f*tm The next work relied on is 
Hie compilation of Um, CfU^o. called 
Let PetiU IMhtiditteM (in French). Tha 
first edition of this huge work was, I 
thi nk, in 1864 or 18(35 ; tne one here used 
is the aarc ntt i edition, corrected, and dated 
IHSO. The author is the chamberlain of 
pope Leo XI II., and the work is sanc- 
amed and recommended by the two 
Pioa IX. and Leo Xlll. ; the three 
Alby, Beidaauc, and 
tlM nine biahopa at Agm, 



Amiens, Angoullme, Langres, MenJe, 
Nancy, Nantes, Poitiers, asd Troycs (all 
between 1865 and 1879). The third 
staple work is called Tm Lives of tht 
Samts, translated by Edward Kinesmaa 
in 1623. The original of these Uvea 
was issued cum prinUegio ngia Ifajestatit 
of Philip of Ca?tille and Aragon ; and 
Kinesman's translation has the following 
approbatio appended to it ; — ** Honrm 
Sanctorum Vit*, ex alijs Unguis in 
Anglicam k D. Edonardo Rinesman versa, 
tuti) (t cum fructu e*li i«)s«unt. Audo- 
marop. 27 Maij M.DCxxiii." (signed) 
Joan, Jloydbs 8oc Imt I%Mogu*. 



Numerous other writers are referred to, 
but the three works above named would 
have been all-sufficient cxce[)t for one 
thing, and that is, to show that the state- 
ments of these writers are in perfect 
harmony with all other hagin^'raphers 
who fairly photograph the pressure of tha 
saints whose lives and aels tiiay profesa 
to delineate. We do not want to know 
how the saints fed and clothed themselves, 
retired from the worid, and lived Uvea of 
seclusion, half so mnch as to know how 
their religious training and teaching 
affected their belief, their nctn, their 
imagination, their status, their influence, 
their estimation in the eyes of the general 
public. What they thought about the 
gifts of the Spirit, the power of the 
Chnreh, the gift of miiaeles, visions, 
anoelic and Satanic agencies, deity, 
redemption, and the life to come, — ^wa 
learn next to nothing of all this in such 
Uvea as those given by Alban Hutler ; 
bat these are the points especially pro- 
nouncei! in the Acta Siinctonim, the Petits 
jBollandutteSf and Kiocsinan ; and this 
fidelity to tho nalities of Ufa renders 
their works so exceedingly valuable aa 
indices of modes of thougnt. 

A frw rlii>»kal lllustrationt burr htm latraSaeai, 
wpcciaUr ill oMinactioo witia Ui* 0*tla Mam m m ur mmk, 
It OMMt b* raomnbarad (hat not only im« hubta 
tMplM oonrartcd into CbrMUa choretMi. baalitaa 

euitonu aduptj-d (i> C^rtfUaa vay*, and heathrn frattrato 
chaiifiiil to I'hnstian memorial-, btit nut uiirri>jMcnU7 
■eruLar IrK'ixli wrrr tplIitnal^•4 *ii4 oaauigiM4r >a 
blatorical tiiir. n "ninr ni 



•nbUahoBa 
Xavi; md 



tat M bjMHlieticai aalnt. 

IMMS «l qiM«tas toaka bjremtncteassJM. Jtak 
*• awb a OrtgL. or A. 4k Vfor. Mmrt ll. C ML tk» 

filiM haw baan wrtttett oul In full. manr of tha 

books referrad Ui are aoi well kii' ■» -i u r n' ii< <*i i I'h'.tc 
A U»t alK) "f thiMf nintt frf<iuciiti/ n-fcnwl lo will ba 
found pi> nn.. iiv . whrrr all nm-»*ry iaformatioM 
miUflinM UtcHi ha* been ftiv«n. Writan rrfarrad lo on^ 

- ^^^^^ i I ,1 il 1 I a^M^^t^m . ^^^^^^^ ^AMA Imam 

■MS av nncib mtmmnm, omttrnt wMt ^vwHh 
MrittaimH tfcitlbt. SMtU BtihkwiltepsiHitlssar 

■wollan to a |TMt l«DXth. 

That no critic ntar refar to ooiMont it miut ba ad4aS 
thai thlt ?olunM> mnulni rxarily half the eutlra lii aM 
CoUectcd U>«cth<T , luit ihU half -Mftc* for amy UaO> 
M porpoaik utA mura cut be (urautaad If mm li 



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IMFEBEBrOBS DBAWN FBOH THE DATA CONTAINED 

IN THIS BOOK. 



▲ots of Merit. 

▲ImagiTiagy oonfcMion, ptiumcw, rows, 
•Ottmimkm, we aeti of merit. 

Absolution by a priest is a positive 
absolatioD, and oot the mere heraldic 
•aommoement or dedantkia of God** 
eorenant of grace. 

The viaticum is an unspeakable benefit 

10 the living. 

To die nnder an anatheinA or interdict 
It Io die without hope, anleet tiie curse 

11 removed by the pope. 
ho salTfttion out of the Church of 



Baptism is regrnentioB, and by bap- 
tiam ain ia washed awaj." (bee' uoder 

CWUbMsr. 

It ia one of the highait poeollde merits 

to remain single. 

Chastity is one of the crowns of glory. 

It is meritorious in married life to live 
in Platonic lo?a only. (Sao Thubuit, 
f».4M.) 

It irt mcritoriooa «v«i lo bitak off a 

marriage contract. 

Charity. 

Charity to the poor is certainly the 
moat pvoMoiieed Of an aeto of Bierit. 



^ WfeM ifTliig k MkeriMlmto It L ^ 

**MI att Omi luMt. ut* ■!*<• aato OM i 

mmm gr* tadiMiaUMtair «• bmmn. lot mbx 

Mpnanlkr tam poor. Mad aall living la • grtu vrtl. 
IB thr r<i-<» of tK€ MnU »• M« Dot told that Um 
■hlti TKtt'-il from bouM lo bouac, mrriied Into Ui« con- 
•Boo* at Um Mlghboiaing luit% kod bclpod the dawnrlng 
MVlfeSltfWItbadaonoftbSBMMlMtcrln. aixt thetalU 
OTMMMa van ^tOr bMt wtth crowd* nf bcvvt. mmI 
MM or anna wai dklrtbatad profnlM-uou*!/ and oflan 
IWW1I7 aoHMw thaa. MacnM •kmtlvlng. m 4mM. b 
an admlrablr QhrMlM Vtdb tn) mul nH ynglni tal Mw 
ifiillirmrt {tI Ting of MMVsrShH IS ki^Mli SHSb io 
ba rcprabAoded. 

Christ. 

CblittBOlmifinquentl^ visits the saints 
on earth, but generally in the form of an 
infant or little child. ' bometimes in the 

gniiOOf ftlMglpVa 



lha cnwifts and Ilia eroot are not only 



remambiBncers, bat in some cases thtty 
act as spells. Occasionally they blcfd, 
speak, move of themselves, and perfuriu 
otharaoliofTilali^. 

Devils. 

The world is divided into two anequal 
parts — the kingdom of God, and the 
kingdom of Satan. All that is not of tbo 
former belongs to the latter. The per- 
secuted [Roman] Catholic Church is the 
kingdom of light ; the penaaotilig WOlld, 
the kingdom of darkness. 

Every newly iMptixed panon fewoBBc e a 
the devil, and joins the army of Christ. 

As Jews and Protestanta, as well as 
Mahometans and heathenst belong to the 
kingdom of Satan, they are the natural 
eoemied of the '•Church of Christ ; " and 
to destroy them, by craf^ war, persecu- 
tion, or io any other way, m as glorions aa 
to trap a foa by ambnsh, or kill him in 
open fight. On the other hand, to jK-r- 
fiecute a J]Roman] Catholic is to per- 
secute Chnst Himself, and to wage 
againat the kingdom of (^od. 



(iod aooMtimes reveals Hia will by 
dreams or visions. Most dreams are 

visions. 

Apparitions of saints are oommon. 

Deceased saints may be inrokod, and 
can accomplish, either directly or in- 
directly, what is required of them. Their 
tomba and nUcs paaaiaa minealons 
irirtaai. 

Duty to Saints 

Any i^joxy done to a saint, or dis- 
respect ihowa to one, is done or shown 
to ChriHt, and ia genaially ptmif^fd 

forthwith. 

It is meritorious for saints to injnre 
and diHlinnmir those who see not eye to 
eye with tliomselves, as Arians, Luther- 
ans, Calviniiits, and otlier '* heretics." 

For a Jew or "heretic" to injure a 
[Roman] CSifhoIie is a sin; but for a 
saint to injure a Jew or "heretic" is 
meritorious, although often it ia a 
haaardvos eivil offeBoa. 



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XX 



INFERENCES DEnUCIDLE. 



ilartDct t«lls u* Uwt CoU*m, BriMi« 
and OMppiMi, tsteoted at lyimra tor 

treason io 1582, were canonized ; boranse 
Eliaui >eUi, whom they sought to dethrooe 
and awaaiiBate, was " 
/ayNMtef«% pw 118. 



The fifteenth, sixteenth, and seven- 
teen ih centaries were remarkable for 
ecstasies and viaiooa ; 1h» tiiird, foarth, 
and fifth centuries were remarkable for 
astoundinc " miraclea" and marvels. 

The earlier centuries abound with en- 
coontert with diagona; the latter ccatariet 
are more artiictia* 

Eucharist. 

The elements of the maaa are bona Jida 
tran substantiated. 

They are food, poeseeaed with miracu- 
lous Rustaiaing power. Hence Nicholas 
of Flue lived for twenty years on the 
bread admtnisteicd to hun daily in tha 
Smliariafe. SihlMMUvadfocty jiawon 
lh«naMf6od. 

God and Angilfc 

Saints have personal intercourse with 
God, Chhat, aogeia^ aad the Virgin 

' Whaterer opposes onr abnegation and 
entire eubmiasion to God is from the 
penooal inttifinaea of Satan and his 
dtmons. 

Sickness, storms at sea, land tempests, 
earthquakes, hurricanes, and other 
** natural distiurbancaa,' are doe to 
Salanie agency. Thm St. Gcncrftra is 
represmtcd in Christian art with a devil 
[tlie windj blowing oat her candle, and 
an angel lighting it again. 

All the laws of nature are wholly sab« 
servient to the will of God, and God can 
alter Uiem locally without Uirowing the 
whole system of the world out of gear. 

Healtn, fertility, good gi'^ <marity, 
benevolence, and' all other Christian 
Tiituea, are doe to the personal and active 
I of good I 



Ouardion Angels. 

Sainte Imve one, two, or more guardian 
angels in constant attendance on them. 
Sometimes they become visible ; some- 
times they speak andlbly ; sometimes 
they hold sustained conversations. Rosana, 
afterwards called " duster Humility," had 
two nttvidaiift anfalt te ooBotank^raitinigf 



and naad to addiooa tham familiarly by 
tibafarMinas. 



Hell ia a place of material Are. The 
pnnithmant ia inctasant and everlasting. 
Satan ia flio prinoe of lidl, domona or 
devils arc his angels, who can uramo 

any form to do his bidding. 

Iniknts. 

The Uvea of rery little children aro 

glaringly told from the stnndpoint of 
monks who know nothing about child- 
life. Their fMling from the breast, 
their voluntary seclusion, their fondness 
for church and prayer, their abstinence 
from all childish amusements and mirth, 
their ridiculous modesty, thair pmitur 
and priggish ness, are dwelt on wiu 
lingering praise. Indeed, even>-thing said 
about little children ia nnchildlike, and 
very nraflh is utterly repugnant. Slaaling 
money to give to the poor, sccretinf^ fwirt 
of their food for the same objeoL, even 
deceit of more open character still, are 
actually praised and hdd forth for imita* 
tion by Mgr. Go^n tn fho Hto of St. 
Monica and others. Such act s are worthy 
only of censure, and are not, as the pope's 
chaabtflafai osprcaiaa it) a '*4ou doaft 
dowibir-*-—*-" 



Zdffht and ITimbus. 

Those to whom Christ gives light 
within, often show it by radumt looks, 
luminous bodies, nimbus and glory. 

This "light of life" acta npoo tha 
material body in some cases by nentralia- 
ing its gravity, t>o that a saint is SOB** 
times buoyed up into the air liko a 
balloon, aad floats there sustained by 
nothing, unless it be the invisible hiinda 
of angels. Generally this legerity is 
ascribMi to personal sanctity, which either 
etherealiaaa the body, or fiUa it widi 
spirit** to maka it Ughtar tbHi Iht 



Lives of Saints. 

Self-denial, mortifications of the flash, 
self-torment, sutfering, martyrdom, all 
swell the merits of sainta. 

Generally tha lives of aaints may bo 
eaUad tiho romanlio ideala of p affBc no n, 
from a [Roman] Catliolic point of view.* 
To most ProtesUnu they will appear a 
sad waste of enormous force, and a total 
forgetf ulness of that prayer of Christ, ** I 
pray not that Thou shouldeat take tbofli 



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INFERENCES DKDUCIBLE. 



out of ibtt world, but Uuit Thou «^«nldmt 
lM«pUi«mfioinUie#TU.'' 1V>li««oal«f 
tilt world, eat off from all the society of 
mM, hidden out of »taht, seems to hare 
been considered the highest parfeetion of 
hunannootUy. Ofeoarw!,soohabaolute 
MdoMM i»a«ft now pOMible, at least 
Barope. 



in 



It is poaible to oe _ 
ria to accomnUte merit, 
Saints can transfer any part of their 
nic'Hu to othca. (Sw ImnMMM Hmmtw 
R- aw.) ^ 

The AsBinti«f aiinier maj be tnuia- 
«w»ed to • ttfal^ " ^ ^ - 



It is a proof of merit to 
Ik is meritorione in tone measara to 
mliaelee and Miew in them. At 

any rato. it is a demerit not to see tiltQI| 
tij doubt them, or disbelieve them. 

Miracles can be performed bv dead 
bodies, relics, and medalsi m wtll M bgr 
Itvini^r nalnts. 

The niiraculoas power of saints eeenu 
to wax weaker M tame rolls on. Many a 
Mint whoee dead body was honoared by 
hosts of miracles, passes out of mind in a 
few Months, and all miraculous power 

MMM W is *" 



Honks and Nunm, 

Vonki and mint, as % rale, are the 

elect and belored children of God ; 
certain of paradise, though not alwaj's 
without a term of pnrgatofy. 

The term of purj^atory mar be 
abortened hr the p raj era, gifts, and 
penances, either of one's self while living, 
or of some inbetitate, or by private help, 
or by Chvrdi ofllleet after death. 

Indulgences purchased by monpy help 
io shorten the term of purgatory, and in 
■ome cases to bny it off altogether. 

To break a vow of monastic life, to for- 
•aVe an ♦'order," to retam t4> seoular 
life aft#r having lived a " religious " one, 
ia to be the child of the devil. Before 
flvdl ooold bt ratoicd, they were some- 
Umm, if not alwajii cxoieind. 

MortlflMtlon. 

It is meritorinus to torment the body 
iaall possible ways ; by filth, by iiga- 
*jr atoai il^ Baogr ycaiti by 



not lying down to sleep, by insufficient 
food, by unwholesome food, by scourg- 
ing', by wearing iron, by wearing hair 
•*»*«*•, by never changing one's linen, bv 
wallowitiif amongnt brambles or in the 
mire, by golnij without shoes and stock- 
ing's, hy washing the akin with soot and 
water, by producing lorea, and to on. 

Those who torment themsetvaa tta 
most are the most meritorious. 

It is a demerit to live, eat, sleep, 
drink, drees, and act, like other folks. 

Booentrieity is much affected bv saints. 
And that saint is lucky who cnn invent a 
self-mortitication never thought of befoie* ^ 

Watural Solutions. 

The constant repetition, with slight 
dUleraicei, of favonrite ** nineles la 
proof iMcitive against any natural solution. 
Thus, if one saint raises the dead, a hun- 
dred others do the same ; if St. AntonT 
makes a dead man epeak, a score other 
saints do the same ; If St Deoys carries off 
his head after death, so do manv others ; 
if the roast pullets of the alcaydd come to 
life, M did the fish and fowl of half a 
iOOre more. Raisin;; the (lead, han;jfing 
alotiies on sunbeams, turning watsr into 
wine, multiplying food, bringing water 
from dry ground, etc, are miracles of 
sueh eonstant rapedtion that the chief 
difficulty has b»'on in selection. There 
can be no doubt that Uie miraclee in 
mediaeval and modem timea too 1iav« 
been looked on as historic facts bv the 
"f.iithful," and not as allegories'; al- 
though in some cases, as, for example, 
encounters with dragons, it is possible 
that allegorical language hae been mis- 
leading. 

Obedienoe. 

Blind obedience to superiors is the first 
law of piety. No matur how absurd the 
order, how revolting, how difliealt, it 
must be obeyed wiSioat a murmur, or 
look of disapproval. We read of nionks 
and nuns sint to a great distance daily 
to water a dry dead stick, and of othen 
sent to kiss an open Sore. In nonastie 
and conventual life, oven vows to God 
had to give way to the vow of obedience. 

Odour of Sanctity. 

Sanetity exhales a material perfbme ct 
gTMt sweetness, perce|Uible to the senses. 
This sweet odour increases at death : and 
long after death— it may be week^ 
months, j'ears, or * 
fn^raooe nunains. 



INFERENCES DKDUCIBLE. 



On the other kaad, sin emita an ofTen- 
wvn 0Didl« eqa&lljr peioeptible to th« 
tenses ; ■<> that when one dies in sin, the 
very stench of the body prochums it to 
bystanders. 

Haraset teUs us that priests carried 
with tttWB • diTiiM odonr quite recog- 
nizable. There may be some truth in 
this from their constant use of incense. 

Ferfeotion. 

Th« p«rf«et{im of * Mint i« wImb 1m 

has crufh("J ntit pvrrv nntiiral affection, 
every earthly vrish, Qvety tieahly indul- 
gence, ever}' natural propensity, even love 
to father and mother. Nothing of earth, 
its loves, its hopes, its ambitions, its 
charms, must remain ; the Dltiml flUUI 
most b« clean swept out. 

A Mini tliovid read no seenlar book, 
think no sei'nlnr thAtipht, hope no secular 
good. He should cat and driok the least 
poasible Quantity, and that of the most 
unpalatable sort. He should sleep as little 
as possible, and that on the most uncom- 
fortiible bfj'l. Hu sliMuld :ir JLS little 
as possible, and that of the must unbecom- 
iog and nDoomfintablo kind. Ha ahould 
Woolly unfumish tlic hnrly, and empty it 
to receive the new or spintuai man. 

Punishmenta. 

It is wron); in civil magistrateii to 
punish crimes by imprisonment, and a 
merit to laleaaa tboae who are imprisoned. 
The rdcMt of ponoM from pciaon it om 
of the moit fimnuitt ''mindM** of 

saiuu. 

All punishment dlQIlld bo left loGod 

and His Church. 

The Church, in the person of the pope, 
may issue anathcmss, publish interdicts 
agMoat whole nations for the offences of 
an individttal, reieaie inbjoeta fnm 
alltLiHiicc. dethrone princes, orfcanize 
ve&T» a^'ainst ^'heretics" and infidels, 
annul marriaftea, propagato new articles 
of fHith, ^Tiint indul^'ences, open heaven 
ur shut out therefrom, canonize saints, 
autJienticjite relics and miracles, deter- 
nino what is bareay and orthodoxy, and 
«r ealMti speak with an inftlltble voice. 
Some of this power claimed may be 
restrained by the civil arm, but neverthe- 
less the might and not the ijf^ of the 
civil arm is obeyed* 

Purgatory. 

Pugatoiy ia for the remnant of sine 
Mt ihaelvtd or balanced off dniiog life. 
Tbo tem of pwiatoiycan be dioffteiiad 



by the prayeru of survivors, by masses 
for tiw dead, or even at the option of 
eome saint in lighL In the life of 
Beoedicta we are told that the Virgin 
Mary, at thv [irii\t r of Benedicta, de- 
livered *'a thick cloud of souls" from 
purgatory, aad took them op to pewdiini 

Kelics can be anthentlented bv any 

Church dignitary, such as pope, abbot, or 
bishop. They can even be multiplied or 
done in replica. 

Belies possess miiacnloas rirtoes, and 
thcae virtoee are tnuiafefiri»le, dther by 
touch or inoculation. 

The size of a relic Is of very small 
importanee ; a fragment, a little SUng, a 
crumbling dust, is all-sufficient. 

As a magnet can make a magnet, so a 
nlie CM make n relitti 

flanrtminitt 

Baptism is 'Mp Rurrpmpnt <lo la T^^4D.i* 
ration." — Les tctiU BoUaruiistes, vol. vi. 
p. 612. 

Eucharist is a bona fde sacrifice, and it 
is called "The Sacriiice of the Mass," 
The sacred water is called " The Creator," 
and paitakiqg thereof **ieoeiving ^ 
GrMtor.*— P«t din Arf»t% vol. vi. p. 

Saints. 

Saints, after deatii, have the power ot 
aidin;; their votaries — of interceding for 
them before the throne of giace» of curing 
dieeaaee. and ef "rieiting earth. 

The Virgin Mnrv 13 t^ie hip-hc^t of nil 
saints, the most powerful, and the most 
merciful. 

The saints in paradise take an interest 
in the saints militant. They like to be 
invoked, like to be patronized, I k* t > le 
honoured, like to be flattered, and even 
to bedreseed np and decked with jeveli* 

Salvation. 

Salvation ia ttie reward of merit { 

hence the common termination of wiiutly 
biographies : "He was called to heaven to 
receive the reward of his merits'* (see 
Z«s PttiU BnUsMdiatM, vol. vi. p. 90) t 
Godivin fnt nppeM dane le eiel pour y 

ri CI ^ ' ir lii r. .'iiiiii cri-i' ilc m'h \rrtn-..'' 

lluodreiis of tiiuiiUr examples occur in 

the ^jMa Ba mda nm and otter Uvea ef 
Sataii can aarama aaf ni 



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INFERENCES DEDUCIBLE. 



• • f 

TXIli 



often mppcara in the guiM of «a «ngel, 
mmn, or one of the lower uiimala. 

Anfrcls can also assume any shape, but 
pjnerally apjiear in angelic form, arrayed 
in white, or in the form of human beings. 

Ghrieti two or three time*, ie repre- 
MBted undtr fht membUnce of a sug 
or hind. 

Angele, at the death of a saint, often 
flopMr in the form of pigeons or bntter- 
flwi, and probably the birdn and b4>a9ts 
which have not unfrequently brought 
food to saints may be angels; still it is 
undonhtedly knw that the ftntial mani- 
fcalilioM of nnfilt an iitnir nngcUe or 



Boripture. 

The words of Scriptare are to be taken 
literally, and not in any case fignratirely. 
Hnodreds of examples are given in pruof 
Of tbia atatcmonk If Christ said, Faith 
MB wmowt moonlnhis,** He did not onljr 

■Mm great moral difficulties, but material 
Mbotanoes also. If the psalmist says, 
"Tbo Loid is at my right hand, I shall 
not be moved," he must be understood 
to mean, not only that his faith and 
eonfldcneo oottld not be shaken, but thnt 
■o hnman power should avail to move 
Ui body. If Jesns, speaking to His 
disciples, savs of the bn-ad He held in 
His hand, "I'his is My body," Ue meant 
what He saii to bo takta litonlljr, though 
His body at the time was boCon tiMm in 
perfect manhood. 

Seven. 

The reader will bo stmok by the per- 
pobMl POoanoMO of tto amnber seven. 
Boron joys, seren sorrows, seven virtues, 
ooTon almost everything. (See, amongst 
«dhwloind%tiuiftofStriaanibni^|».SlO.) 



Sickness, as a rule, is the work of the 
doviL and exorciam eureo tho aick. 
Dctfia, aa a mlo, doeo not ooen to bo 

attributed to Satan ; though falls, ship- 
wrecks, slips of the foot, tumbling down- 
stairs, injiiry or doaw horn filUng 
chimneys, tn^es, and walla, am all 
ancnbed to^atauic malice. 

81^ of the Cross. 

The signing the si^ of the cross with 
Hio flafit Off oHMrwiM aota aa a oham 



or talisman to drive away or ward oil 
devils, aldRiceo, floods, storms, darkneoa, 

or other evils supernatural or natural. 
Eusobius is referred to for the antiquity 
of the custom { Ecclesiastioal //ufory, bk* 
iii. ch. 18), and in ch. i. of the MMO 
book he says that Jnlian (881-8^, 
thou>;fh an apostate, bv inakin;^ the si^'n 
of the cross in a frigbt, drove awav the 
dovilfl whidi hit oamalm lud oroiod. 

Soul. 

The soul may become visible at death, 
and is often seen making its way out of 
the month of saints, either like a dove, 
a beam of light, or some other material 

object. 

It is carried by aogels to hoaTen. or by 
dovila to boU, vnlon it io dooiaad for a 
ooitain tona to paic^oiy. 

Virgin Xtey. 

The Virgin Mary is more honoured \^ 
the French than by any other nataoa. 
She is made tiie hypothetieol ideal of 

perfection : beauty, chastity, love, mercy, 
tenderness, sinlessness, and what not. 

Wo say " hypothetical,** booause there 
is not one iota uf history to support this 
extravagant idea ; nevertheless, hagio* 
grafdboio via with each other in painting 
the rooe, and adding periomes to tho 
violet. 

N.B. — In Mgr. Gurfrin's Ilaqi»<jr-ijJvi^ 
we have one Christ, one Jesus Christ, 
and one Saviour ; but 1911 Notre Damoo 
or Virgin Marys. 

uvmoslaona. AMlw<Mil*«rito 
pnlM bMlowid oa ■lats anA M 

STcn to Atitony of Padan; tmk 
nigs teUlr. Um extract limXL fee | 

1)11 lie ult oO > ftrr«l«r d«ni cctte lonyue mite de 
nrodlOH ; U (audnit pour ta« oonitWt. prettdr* vl* 
ia MM joor joyr. OifMli la mImms jHSira m 
■MTt. Toai M qn'tl y a mate a* vtat wnmim it i» 
plus adiuM <km hamMom. totrt c« <^u« IMeu enun* Jkm&le 
de fan— fi tor U tMe <k tee piua cb«n eii(«iitk. Mle ri ful 
dei apAtrea, paUanoe im martjn, mtgeum da doctrun, 
MoqtMnoa d«a M*tm 4a rtgllM. courace dee conU-, eurv 
puraU daa rtaiSMb pMU <Im ansae. U a IwmI r a ite iii Mt cq 
lai daiu ii»a iMSuaeM hi— His. AlaaHi S rata Im 
mlracka lea pkH d«MMMi(h ki prMMSM w piM Mauali 
■ixumpUa OM preaenna ila miUlan da »i>*< uteurt. laa 
b^Uqiiae conlunduB at caavartit, laa p4ctietiri cSnft* at 
repentant*, lee trrani donii<t4« ou itwlvimi, let litMiionj 
enmliti. dee extaaei mertriHra^c*, tin toioiu iubUiutn, 
4m enxreiieiu da toue laa timantt avac lee pulatacMida 



latts 



CHIEF A'DTHQSITIES CITED IN THIS BOOK 



tl vhM 1m imi* iMAintTy to hmIm a oMom of aO 
niMiiilii rrii iiTr" ' tt I riiwiillrtlM nf ililitinnt. b«t 
• oRcf aenmiit of iobm o( IMit taVOflaM Wttf bo 
koth aoer^taUt aad hmAiL 

Acta Sahctoritm (Latin, S7 toIb., 

folio). This pTfat ytorchouM' of lia- 
pioprnphy is bn.scd on UiC w4c/a Sirnrra 
of H^rib«rt Rosweydtt on which be bad 
labonrcd for twenty yenni ; he died in 
16?9, before hia work wan printed. Father 
John Holland (159(>-1t>Gfi) was entnuted 
with Rofweyde's collections, udA mm>- 
dattd with liimwif wmwi ollien, Hie 

frincipnl of \vhoni were Henwhen and 
Hpebr{k:h; tbeae, with ten otheni, broti^^ht 
the work down to 17A8 in thirty-two 
folio volutnes, md ended Skriks I. The 
abolition of the Older of .I<>rtuitH in 1773 
put an end tO tilt work for a time, but 
in 1789 it wM taken ap anin, end John 
Limpen, with six othen who Ind aeeiited 
in the first series, carried tlie work down 
to 1782, when Skrirs II. closed with the 
death of Ifniatius Huben off Antwerp. A 
tliird pprics iH-^'iin nftf^r the di«per- 
fiidti of the .U'Miits, and live new voliimea 
were added by John Baptist Fonson and 
four othen, bringing SsRin III. down 
to 1826, and eompleting the lifty>third 
volume. In 1837 a new aocicty of 
Bollandiata was organized under the 
patronage of the Belgian government, 
when ,l(isr|<li vnn dcr Mfire and six ofhers 
c^•ntiDued the lives to 1855. In 1854 this 
new aociety published the fif^-fonrfh 
voluflne in two parte, and three more 
have been published since, cotitinnintr the 
lives to lH.'r». Probably the fifty-s«'ven 
volumes contain at least thirty tliousand 
•aioti. Tliat the woik ia eramnted with 
nincles may be readily admitted, lnit 
M an index of religious thoughts and 
belief it is wholly unrivalled, and its 
value beyond all price. It has been 
neariy five hundred yean in hand ; tiiirty- 
thrce colliihnrators have b<'< n employed 
npon it, and it runs to about fifty thousand 
folio pages. The maricct valot ia about 

January contains two volt., Febmarr 
fhnt, Ibicfa three, Apiil Ihitt, lltf- 
seven, Jnne six, July seven, Au^t six, 

September ei^rht, October five, November 
and IVcember the other pcvcn. 

Lsa Pktits lk>LXAi(i>iBTB8 (in French, 
17 Tols., lur^'e octavo, ftTerage 700 pp. t 

volume ; i«rt in a lartrer tyj>r c« nfaininp 
' "2 lines in a page, and part in a suialler 



type containing 64 lines to tlie page. The 
mere index of the names occupien 870 pp., 
so that it caniiot contain less than moo* 
teea or twetty thstsand ttfaitt). This 

huge work is by Monseigngur PhuI 
Guerin, chamberlain to pope Leo XIll. 
Idy edition, the seventh, was puliliBhtd hi 
1880, and contains letters of recommen- 
dation and unqualified praise from the 
three archbishops of Aloy, Bourdeaux, 
and Tours, and the nine bishops of Agen, 
Amiens, Angouleme, I^ngrea, Mesde, 
Nancv, Nnntes, Poitiers, and Troves, all 
between the years 18<>5 and 1879. To 
these high autlwritfat may be added the 
sanction of two popes, Pius IX. and 
I^o XIII. The authority of this work 
is, therefore^ bevond all question. Nona 
can say it is oibaolatt and out off daH^ 
nor can aar one indmato flu^ it dost not 
roprosfnt the religious opinions of the 
most educated classes of the Romac 
Catholic Church off tlic present hoar* 
Price 3() frntios r>0 cents each vol. 

LivKM OK THE Saints, by Edward 
Kinesnian. In one vol., quarto. Mv copy 
is defective, only gpins; to Dee. ^6, up. 
1086, to whidi is added t sttppleacnt of 
H(i pp., diit«' If)23. This book, without 
doubt, in very rare, but was issued with 
this apprvbatio: Horvm Sanctorum 
Vit<r. ex nlijs linguis in Anplicam h I). 
Eduuardo Kineanian verMc, tuto dk cum 
firactu edi posBUnt. Audomarop. '27 
UalJ M.MUtziii." (sigMd) Jocm. Itoydm 
Soe, IffM Theototjtu. The prniUgt to 
publish the sii[ip!c'uient is by patent from 
" Philip{»e |mr la grace de Dieu, Roy de 
Castille, d'Arrn^'on, de Leon," etc, tad 
signed De Ciroutf, lCi'5. The lives ait 
\ery excellent, far less crowded with 
the marvellous than either of the BoUan- 
dists, but as far as possible removed from 
the dishonest oowwitr de ro$e off Alban 
Uutler. 

Samcil HAKtXkT (afterwards arch- 
bishop off Toik). **A Dcdantion off 

T";:n';,'ious Popiab Impostures to with- 
draw the harts of bis Maiesties Subiects 
from their allegeaoce, and from the truth 
of Christian Religion professed in EngUnd 
vnder the pretence off casting out ol 
deuils." Lomhm, lfi04, pwiall 8vo, pp. 284. 
This \try rare old book was well known 
to Shakespeare, who often quotes from it. 
Its authority i.i beyond all question — the 
: cflfres ^uuied being direct from the 



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E0CLBSIA8TIGAL STMSOLS XXPLAIKBD. 



**Reeoidt «f Her Mnjestr't Gommit- 
lionen for Caiues Fxclo.siastical," and 
all ttill exUnU This odii little volume 
cost me £8. 

Gou)B2f Lbobxo (The), by James of 
Toraffine, or Varapine, archbishop of 
GenoVa (1230-129H), compiled from the 
EpiUmy 0/ the JAves of th4 SamU by 
Bartholomew of Brngi nza, in 1870 ; the 
Speculum ffistonale of Vincent of 
Itsauvais, in 1264 : he LefjetuLiry of 
Pefer of Chiozza ; tM Sibie of the Poor 
br James of Hanapcs ; and the Hi»torical 
Smnmary of Antony of Florence. Father 
Itollandus 8ny», I cannot approve of 
•U (hat is wnttcn in the QMen Leyimd, 
botnitMii of H is mdoabledly taken fhrai 
sources of unexceptionable aathority ; 
and it is most unjust to condemn the 
book wholesale." As this book is only 
dtcd to fnniiah parallel examples or 
to supply some striking all^ory, its 
mttkorify is only MiM^leBtttuy, and tha 



extracts taken from it hwe been made 
for the purposes above sUitcd. As the 
Apocrypha may aerve to conlirm when it 
runs parallel wMi canonical Seriptorea. 
but has no authority of itself, so the 
Gotden Legeni is excellent in corrobora- 
tion of Btandard Liws, but haano wdgbt 
in deciding poinu tubjudice. 

The 101 other works consulted in 
Greek, I>Atin, French, and English, from 
Alban Butler to Baring-tiould, and from 
Gregory ilia Great to eardinal Wiseman. 
I forbear to mention. I had prepared a 
list, but have suppressed Us publicntion 
at the last minute, fearing it mi^ht f 
aaTonrof vanity. This, however, I will 
dare to add : I have always gone to the 
lu^t Ronrces, and ha\i; endeavoured to 
represent every case honestly and with- 
out exaggeration, l^thout donbt 1 
have much abbreviated, but I have never 
mutilated or misrepreaented, to the best 
of aqr kMnrMga. 



ECCLESIASTICAL S 

(i.) Crottcs on Toudtx {seven crosses, five 
crosses, one cross). Seven crossea man ttie 
tomb of a bishop, five of a pnest, and 
aoe of an ordinary Christian. There are 
aeven aaeraments,'each of which derives 
Ita Talnafrom the eroM of Christ. Only a 
bishop can administer all the seven sacra- 
Waat a , and only a bishop cnn impart to 
tha Ikithful the Effaces which proceed 
from the seven virtues of the cross. A 
priest can impart to the faithful five sa- 
craments, and his tomb bears five crosses. 
An ordinary,' Christian has but one cross 
on his tomb| to iodiaite hia faith and 
hope in the cfBM of Ghiiat. ^ 

JTcrfiaflnllfiMif fhwiii 

t The Latin cross. 

■4- The Greek cross. 

lifi The Maltese cross. 

X St ABdieir*a ema. 

^ The HArrainoia eioia. 

^ The Tan or Egyptian eroaa. Ter- 
tidliaa says, "Bae cat Utera GtKcomm 
r, ooatmantoB apaeiaaoraeia.** 

^ CmltrnM^momt XFCkrIiilaa]. 

Tba Ghafob aoMnun. 

Gk. tnfowt 'Hfurtpot S4»Tiip. 

Lat. Jesus, Hominnm Salvator. 
Eng. Jeaos, Heavenly Saviour. 
Ctar. Jcraa, Ballaiid Sdlgniadttr. 



fMBOLS EXPLAINED. 

The sign of the eroaa is made br carry- 
ing the right hand to the forehead, the 
stomach, the left dionlder, and tht light 

shoulder, thus forming a Latin cross, v 

(ii.) Crowtu. Any virtue or merit of 
supereminent degree is soppoaad to bo re- 
warded with a crown. Some saints have 
only one crown ; others have two, three, or 
more. Two of the most exalted crowns 
are Mnrtynlom and Virginity ; but 
Hmnllity, Ix-aming, Glorv, etc., are alat* 
crowns. Thus we are told that St, Peter 
of Ravenna received at death the "triple 
crown of Virginity, Doctorate, and 
Martyrdom " {dc la Virginit^^ du Doctontt, 
at du Mhrtyre).—!^ Tetiti BoHandL^tm, 
vol. v. p. 83, St. Cecilia, we arc told, 
rec eived the two crowns of Viiyinity and 
Kaftyrdom. Others received ib% tkiao 
crowns of 3fartri-dom, Virginity, and 
Glory; or Virginity, Humility, and 
Glory. St. Angelus (1225) received the 
three crowns of Virpnity, Preaching, 

and Martyrdom.— Z«fa FetUs BoiianJiste s, 
Tol. V. p. S44. 

(iii.) 27u Three ITmlogioai Virtmi, 
faith, hope, and eharitv. 

(iy.) The Four Attritmtes of Glorified 
Bodies. Subtility, agilitv, lutninositv, 
and immortality.— Mgr. Go^rin, Vfet de» 
Saints, vol. ix. p. 659. 

(v.) The Four Cardinal Virtues. ForU- 
tuai jttttieai pm Ja n oc ^ wd tempannoab 



jcxvi ECCLESIASTICAL S 



The following seven have been alao 
fiiil^Kested :— €ontet«iitioaMMM, eoimfce, 

ji!stic« or jii«tne««, modwtv, revorence, 
and sympathy. (See TliK Skvkx 
Virtues.) 

(vi.) Thg fbur 8j/mbol$. There uc four 
srmbola or fomialiine* iiHrmnrledgvd in 
the [Kom.in] Catholii' Clnirch, 

1. The Symbol of the Ajxtttles, called 
hf ns **The Apostles' Creed," because 
Mch of the twolve clauMs it •ttribatcd to 
one of the apostles. 

'i. The Symbol of Nice, called by as 
" The Kiceoe Ciced," bcoMue it was 
fArmvIated in nmont Oonneil of 
Nice, in a.\*. 325. This creed was 
especially directed a^inst Arianism. 

8. The Symbol of Constantinople, so 
onlled because it was fonmilnted at the 
Council of Constantinople, a.u. AM. It 
is the same as the Niceno Cree<l, with one 
exception, vis. the Holy Ghost ** pro- 
ceeding from the Father and the Son." 
In tlic [Human] (^ntholio Church this is 
the creed recited by the priest in mass. 

4. The Symbol of St. Athanasias, called 
by us '*Thc Athana-iian Oefd," supposed 
to f<»rmulat<! the teuehin:^ of Athanasius 
against Arinnism. It did not exist till 
A.IK 670| nearly three ceatariee After the 
death of AllMiMiiitt, who died A.n. 878. 

(v ii. ) T7te Four Vown of the Ord r of St. 
Fi-aticis of Pavla. Poverty, chastity, 
obedience, and the quadmgeelmal lue 
[or Lt'ntx'n fast]. 

(viii.J Tkf Fite Christian \'eritifa, 

1. The Chilli Je»us, conceived in the 
womb of the Vicgia Mary, and called 
Jesne, was verily and indeed the Snn of 
Go«l,and the Second Fenon of the Trinity. 

2. Tbia Jesus is tnift God, one with the 
Father and the Holy Ghoit. 

3. Tlie two perfect natures coexist in 
one only Person. The ilivine nature re- 
ceived from God the Father ; the hniMD 
oatnie from Hia mother Mary. 

4. All tfiat pertdna to ttie Penon of 

Christ at a suhstance is Hnipw ; hut all 
that |M.>rtain9 to His nature is doMe. 

6. The Virgin Mary is veritably and 
pro i>orIy the moth or of Cod . — M '^r. ( i a^rin, 
Vtes des Saints, vol. iii. pp. r»2.'>, G26. 

(ix.) The Sevnt CorprtrcU Work* of 
.Vervtf. To buiy the dead, clothe the 
naked, feed the hnn^y, give drinic to the 
tliirstv, to harbour the harhourless, visit 
the imprisoned, and administer to the 
aiclc 

(x.) The S^rrn Sjurifwil Witka of 
Mercy. Tu aUiuuniah sinners, to bear 
wiOQgt pAtiaiitlj, to ooaftirt the afflicted, 



.MROLS EXPLAINED. 



counsel the r^nnbtful, forgive offencea, 
instmct the ij^orant, and pray tiie 

livinf; and the dead. 

(xi.) The Seven Deadly Situ, Anger, 
covetousness, envy, fi^lattoiijr, lut Of 
Inxnry, pride, and sloth. 

In OmL w. 19 -n 8C Paul enumeniM (FTrntrcn (liM, 
mU Midt wtlh "and Mth Ukm.' Pride and iloth 
omtnad hi IL raaTi IM. Tbt hmD capiuOi girm tolov 
•n %b» tjminfmooi wardi In lb« " MfM daadlf ituiu" 

Adultery (lust), dranltenneas (olut- 
toxy), emnlationa (oovktou8XK«s), 

envyinps (knvyj, fomic-ation (lust), 
hatred, heresies, idolatry, lascivionioeaa 
(lust), murder, levelUnge (OLtmoitr), 
seditions, strife (anokr), nnelcanneoe 

( r.irsT), variance, wrath (A!«oitR), witch- 
craft. 

(xii.) The Snen Oiftaof th$ Holy Ghott, 
ConnseL the fear of the Lord, fbrtitade, 
ji' t V, uodewUmdim, wiadoen, and Icnow- 

ledge. 

Tb* dMInetion b« f ■w umdart$m*Mmt, wfadMt, and 

ttnowiMf* It not ▼cry pUln. bat thm an tkrw dacrert : 
(1) iiDd«r*tMidln(. C't) wudnm. and (S) kiw«Mf& 

Philip iiu<1 til th« runiich. " Un<<«r«ta»ilnil UmW what 
Ui<Hi rrwlniitr " T ic v O' flr>t »l.-i> In rWlglM Ii IS 
umtfrttnntl »h*t It l» thai 0<i"l has iweaUnl. 

Th<* ii«xt alr^ la vitdoni. " T)ip fear of the Lord lilhs 
boflnMliif ot trUdom." Thit ta an adran r on undtf^ 
•tandlna. Tb* wiM man not oalr undcntniid' w)>a( tit* 
Bibbi toaelM^ but honoon that anden*j»tirliiij( hv " fi-.tr. 
Infl 0<>d arxl ki^ptnK Hla (Minmandi'kenL'i.'' WUd >ni, 
th«tTf<jrr, I, uiiilmUtri lliitf r«rrlH tiitu pract fw. 

KmovU-Ikv 1* one <tr|i hiKhrr »tilt. "I know w)i<i<n I 
have laelievnl, and »rn |>rr(iiac1<«t that He U able k'-«|i 
that vhlch I havf cuninilttcd unto tllin." A child nu/ 
b« w*m anto i«ivalt<M. bat only tiM "man In Clirt«t 
imm ** can know the trngtb and Iwnlth. tte l>«iahl and 
d«|ith. of UiT'. which l« the fruit of lont experietire. 

8viit>p|ri>ul<l t>c tniiic'it ^yj Eli to undcntaml t)i>> yt\t*t\j 
diitin : mhfn a tncrr '-hild be wa« wiMtn bladutlM; but 
ho w» a iirophrt t.iu^lit SSpMlimS MM Iw kaVW 
the wIkjU wiI! of i:<«i 

(xiii.) The .SW-<*» Joys of Mary. Tht 
Ann 11 nciation, the Visitation, tiie Initivi^, 
the adoration of the wise men, the pre- 
sentation in the temple, finding (^hrist 
amongst therloctors, and the A.nsumption. 

(xtv.) The &tw» Sorrwnt of Mary, 
Simeon's prophecy, tiie flight into V^fk, 
Christ mi.-^sod, the Ijetraval, the cruci- 
fixion, the tailing down from the cross, 
and llw Aicenwon when elm «m left 
alone. 

It will b« obMTvad that Um " taaumcUoa ' U omltt/id 




(XT.) T%0 9nm Ordtn itf ik» Angh* 
Saxon Church. 

1. The OsTiART, a kind of sexton, 
whose duty was to ling the btlto and 
keep the church doors. 

2. The ExoKCiaT, whose ofllee waa bj 
oirtaiB pnyen to eaeiotti derlla* 



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ECCLESIASTICAL SYMBOLS KXPLAINED. 



8. The LacroR or " Reader," who tmd 
m leaMNifl et cburch. 

4. The Aror.VTHor " Acolvthist," who 
•ttended on the oOiciating pneat| holdinir 
lira candles while the Gospel wm read 
and during the eelebration nf mass. 

6. The buBDKACOK, who prepared the 
lK>ly renedi and attended Ora dcaeoo al 
«• altar, 

6. Tli«D«AOO!f,irhoas8istod thepriest, 
laid th« ohlationa on the alUr, baptized 
cbihiren, and gave the Euchariit to the 
laity, 

7. The Pkiest or "Presbyter," who 
preached, baptized, and caai4«crated the 
Kucharitit. Hisbopa and archbiflhopa were 
merely higher gnidee of priests. 

(xvi.) Tk» Snem Sacratnmts. Bap- 
tism, confirmation, the Kucharist or 
Lord's Supper, penitence or repentance, 
5**' marriage, and extrame mic- 

taon. Of these, conflrmation and holy 
orders are restricted to bishops. Bap- 
u«m may be (>erfuniied, in aneraency, 
even b^ lAynien and women. 

(xvii.) J%« 8nm Sorrovs of Mary, 
(See noder The Skvkn Jovs or Mart.) 

(xviii.) Tht Seven iipirUuai WorJu of 
Mercy. (See Thb Sbvbn Oorpoiul 
Works or Mkrct, p. xxvi. col. i.) 

(xix.) iStTt'M Vtrtuc», These are 
the contraries of the seven deadly sins, 
▼ia. : 1. Brotherly love (opposed to envy 
orlttired); 2. chaMitv (opposed to lust); 
S>_d]li|encr' foj. posed to ninth ) ; 4. hu- 
mility' (opposed to pride); 6. liberality 
pppoeed to covetousnees) ; «. meekness 
opposed to anger); and 7. temperance 
opposed to gluttony and !*elf-indulgcnce). 
See Thk Four Cardinal Virtuks.) 

(XJC) Th« Eight Canonical Hours. 
Tlieee eoneiet of fotirgrait and four little 
oo^' fthf great ones are in capitals). 

llATi N8, about midnight. On festivals 
and Soadayt they eonsistof time pealme, 
three anthems, nrr! three lesions. 

Laudks, soiiit times iniujediafcelv after 
niifin;*, r n ist of five pealms, two or 
more capituies or Soriptaie i>»tfacti, 
prayers, and eantielei. 
^ Prim^-^ fthf- first honr of tlw day), i«. 
ojc o'clock iQ the morning. 

Tierce (tlm fbitd bomr of the day), U. 
Bine in the momin^r. 
Sexte, midday (the sixth hour of the 

Nonet (before vespers), three o'clock 
m tba aflcraooB (the ninth hour of the 
day). 

^ VasPBBS, about three p.m. They con- 
■mi «C pialfliii ft M|ntaU or Scripture 



xxr tf 

extract, n liymn, the Mt lt^ietif MM Off 
mure anthems, and prayers. 

CoMi Lixs, after vespers, contiit of 
confession, one lesson, three psalms, one 
anthem, one hymn, one capitale or Scrip- 
ture extract, one short **nipQu^** tM 
Nunc Dhwttis, and praver*. 

THlBW an no oompUiu fn the Gret-k aiun.-l>. 

N R.— SoraatkMt MiOiiM atnl Uudm krv Joined to- 

(xxi.) Tkt Ten Virtmso/th^ Virgin. 

1. Chastity, because Mary in iha queen 
of vir^'ins. 

2. Prudence, shown at the Anni^nyjlg- 
tion. 

8. Humility. Even when chosen for 
the mother of the Mcasiah, she called 
herself " the handmaid of the Lord." 

4. Faith, Mary believed and doablod 
not what the angel announce. 

_ 5. Piety, sIimwii 1,v hiff f 
silence, and submission. 

6. ObedieDca^iBtBbmittiQgtotiiawill 

of God. 

7. Poverty, in despising all the grandeur 
and wealth of the world. 

8. Patieuui^ in bearing the pain of W 
tiaTail. • 

9. Charity, in ofFering the saeiiioft «f 
her Son for the salvation of ma^. 

10. CompMaloD, in that a sword pierced 
her own heart oat of oompamioo to Jber 

Son. 

(For this I am indtihted to the hindneu 

looo, p. Mo.) 

[I must take this opportunity of thmk'* 
ing the learned conductors of thi» ex- 
cellent weekly for several oeta of eonrtesy, 
and ever-ready help in this and some 
other of niy books now io preparation. 
1 would have written the name "Oracle*' 
at the foot of some other articles, but 
I fear they would be bardlv recognized.] 

(xxii.) r/((' Twelve Articles of the 
Sumboi. ri hat is, the twelve artielee of 
the Apostles' Creed. Said to liava boaa 
•iwgested by tliein in a ^otto of Hoant 
Olivet before their flnai tteparation.) 

Pktbr— I. I believe in God the Father 
Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth. 

Jonir->t. [And] in Jesus Christ, His 
only Son, our Lord. 

JAMKtt, Sail. — 3. Who was conceived 
of the Holy 6h«it, bora of the rinin 
Mary. 

AxDRBw — 4. Sutrercd under Pontjof 
Pilate ; was crucified, dead, and buried. 
Philip— 6. lis descended into hy U, 
(From Um CtmA of A^ulUa.) 



Digitized by Co4||Ie 



ECCLESIASTICAL SYMBOLS EXPLAINED. 



' TmmuB-^ The thiol day H» 
•gain from the dead. 

(Aumutinp k« Ihr »iit>MvHl> A«-r)ti^| inTh.>irtl 
ki rsqiilfad wnrihh praof of Um UeaurrocUoit. ) 

Jambi, Juir.<— 7. Ha aaaandad into 

heaven, and aittcth on the rigbt band nf 
God the Father Almighty. (See p. 252.) 
MaTTMBW— 6. From thence l\v shall 

Comp to judpe the quirk and the dfad. 

Nathanael — 9. I btlieve in the Holy 
Ghost. 

S iMOir— 10. The HolyOatholic Ohureh i 
^he euwDMnoB of salnu. 

{MM ill U]« »Utti opritiirr.) 

Matthias— 11. The foigiTcneaa of 
nns. 

JuDE — 12. The rcsurrecttOB ti Ae 

body, and the life everlasting. 

(TiM UtU<r |mn of tktia ijmitMri St. Au«uiUM attributM 
to BC Crprtim't Uma. 300-mL TiM (onaar part, b* l«U* 
M. WM mUwI In Us tmrt ttnM. 9U^.) 

doM not itjuul III the rarl) foniu uf lli<^ nor In tbe 

Orientnl (urm. Il i- a r.>iiipiir*tlvrl.» nx't' iii lntri«liK-- 
Uon. mmI It cer(ji(til> of t><-> tlt>iih;fiil tcnwiiiiuilK^al 
OOiUtnicUoil. " MurUiua •«!." b« Uit-d, not mu 4tad. 



I U Rtwn luhrtHitiallF T.rtatll*-> (I 

, t« I'jr IrriHFu. i l.-Vi-'Jixit. Uy OrlKcii tISB-M), 

• (•-.>1 I . Il » L" (iimmikriii 'i Ipt l.ii.itms , 1 ISr. 
lb* nr«l«« «|MaiiM wr* Mici«iiUr ilcUimlml. M<rh 



if nwMf MNM «• Mm. 

Mr. wnkNitt, In hl« .4 rrVfio/oTjr flWW. <ln»« not 

In hII (xiiiit. ivKTiv Willi Mitr ini^rlii thr ihonilirrUIn uf 
pa%>* Lr<i XIII . tn til4 aai~npt)aiwi t4 the •evvral rtmlmls. 
Thua Mr. Walcoii u\rn A nUrrw. rnmi Mer liiKvin uirta 
^MM* <Jk« A7^, for tiM third vnlM. Mr. Wai^-oU 

«m ffAMiiaa aai M*. «Ma gi» MMrs far ito afth 

m4 Mcr. CiiMn, on the authorttr of il. AapMtfMhrfVH 
Tkomat. fur th« liith irmbol. Mr. WUoM ik» «*HM 
Um ijrmbob MniewtuM dllfMrntljr. 

*•* Wb«o 8l I'cii-r KaveniM wu mnrrlprrd. Mxr. 
Onfain >*;■. "II r«cltM I* mialer vtlcto du Sjmibob 
eMA|i«Ct«i:*aod. dif^ fa* a^» la Mtmni Mm4. 
K uwNi Um cTMBd. "One* ta DMyH" |r<« 
r^»L «»_ai OittiHay e^lteM jwWa W 

(xxiii.) 7%* 7W/tyf /Vui^j 0/ fA« flo/w 
&Ao*t Nine of theae are KiTen ia 6ku. 
v. ft, 98. The ttree in Uanea an not hi 

St. Paal'B list. (!) Cfutstit'/ ; (2) faith 
or fidelity: (S) gentleness; (4) goodness; 
(6) joy ; (6) long-suffering; (7) love or 
charity; (8) meekness; {9) modesty; (10) 
patience; (11) peace; and (12) temper- 
ance or continence, 
(zxiv.) Th$ Twtim JSmmk Mmtm- 



Come tell me, truly tell, wtattnlh 

Abides in number onel 
In number one is t;iflTT, 

N\ hicti dwrf'llcth all alone. 
What's brought to mind by number two; 

Say tnily, if you can ? 
The RYTOVTATIC IJIflOK 

Of ChrM, %mi Pad uA wtm. 



Come tell me, truly teU, what' tvaftk 
Abides in number fArwf 

The FithiT, San. and Holy Oh flilt 

That mystic trinitt. 
Cone tell ne, truly tell, what tratfl 

Will number fowr afford ? 
The great kvajcokmsts, who wrote 

Of J^os Christ the \jnrA. 
Come tell me truly to what thoogU 

Should number be guide? 
The woi Nits of Christ in r 

And in Uii pieroM tide. 
And namber what m^ratie traHi 

Do wise men fiml thorem ? 
As six, six, six, is Satan's mark, 

Six is the badge of aiii. 

tells us of the DYixo woBtM 

Christ uttered on the cross ; 
And of the //<>/</ Spirit" a iji/ts. 

To which all elae ia droaa. 
Tell oae to whattiie wiae hi taMot 

Say number ei^ht alludes? 
Those sacred maxims of the Lord, 

Called the bkatitvues. 
What truth when number nina ' 

Should we rememl>cr most? 
Tlic ouoKRS it should call to mind 

Of all the hkavb:(ly most. 
What ahonld we call to mind wbeDe*«r 

We think of numlier /«»n f 
The Tv.n commandmbntb of the law 

By God to sinful onb. 
Number rleren, what event 

Does that recall, I nrav? 
The true apostle?* of tne Lord, 

When one had fallen awav. 
ITow, last of all comes number f»»Aw^ 

And what "should that m^all ? 
The APOSTOLIC coi.LROR when 

Completed by St. Panl. 

K. ConilAM l^RKWKK. 
MAtfhfaM WM not Cklled bj Chrlal, u thx Cx<Ilrir of th« 



(xxiv.) Th» Fk/teen Mysteries. There 
Bve Mtoan mytteriea: five joyous, flvt 

dolorous, and five glorious. 

1. T%e Five Joyous Mysteriet are theae : 
(1) The annunciation and conception of 
the Word in the Virgin's womb ; (5) The 
visitation and influence of grace on John 
the Baptist, who '* leaped in the womb ; " 

g) the birth of Jaava at Bethlehem ; U) 
e iJuiMuatluii BBd offering made by 
Mary in rhi- 1 rnplc ; and (5) Christ's visit 
to the temple at the age of twelve yean, 
when He waa foniid by Hia mother Bmong 
the doctors. 

2. The Five Doiormts M'isteries are ' 
these: (I) The agony of Christ in tlia 
OliTe garden : (2) the' scourging ; (8) the 
vroanmig with ttrama ; (4) the bofidtn of 



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BOCLESIASTICAL SYMBOLS BXPLATNBD. 



the cross boTM t» GUvaiy ; mA (6) 

eruafiximi. 
8. TheFheOtorSom$My9terit$wntim%s 

(1) The Resurrection; (2) the Ascentioiit 
(3) the descent of the Holv Gbustt on 
tte d*T of Pentecost ; (4) the assump- 
lioa of the Virgin, body niiii soul, to 
hwiTt n ; (6) the consummation u£ her 
^Ior>- by he r triple curonatiOIIOf Gnsdtur, 
Power/ And Goo(ln«BS. 
(xxv.) At LmUtr mUM ww alw to 




(xxvi.) .4 Ro9itry. A Tm*rj is either a 
cred office in honmir of tb* Viipn 
Mary ; or • ftring of bcncte, Mtom of 
which are lar^jer than the rent. The fifteen 
large beads are to tell off the Fattr Nostars^ 
and iflO •Hicr bmOB to Ml oC Mm ilw 
Marias. 

The ofiioe called a rosarr b«f;tns with 



mnkin^; the »\^ of the cross thrice: (1) 

ue doril; (2) to im\ 
the h«Ip of tbt Holy Miity ; (8| toi 



to ward off ue doril; (2) to imploro 



bring to miad tiM OfOW of 

tion. 

After crossinc, The Belief,** called 
The Apost'ilic SifmixA (or Symbol ol tho 
Apostlea), is repeated. 

Then follows the Lord's Prayer ; and 
" U«U, IImt I " U thrice repeated : once 

► ooi ■ - - ■ 



This Uttldfr ilrmwn by 8l Jolin. turtMaivi) (llnutcta 
li nQ iMtf«cUt% MMt iMt in • SlWlt U Ui^ 



w her Petber [ftitfaer>in- 

law], once becnusp Christ is her Son, 
and once because the lioiy (shMfc is her 
SiMttee. 

These being done, the ronsry proper 
begins. It consists of tifteen decades ui 
dizains divided into threes : five recount- 
iaiC tot Joyum olyeteciea. Are the JMortm 
myeterice, ud fire toe oUniem nrtteriet 
(see xxiv.). These parts are called di ondrs 
or dizains, because with each mvstery 
" Hail, Mary!" is repeated ten timei. 
I'hat is, flftv times in the three Joyooi 
^lysteries, ^fty times in the Dolorous 
Mysteries, and fifty times in the three 
Giorioos Mysteries ; al together 150 timet. 

At each mystery- be<,rins wito • Pattr 
Nostrr, it follows that in the fifteen 
mysteries the Lord's Prayer is repeated 
fifteen times. 

For the proper itcitation of the 
" Roisary " it is not enough to ref)eat the 
fifteen decades. There must be a medita- 
tion on the mvsten' in honour of which 
toe reeitation It toonfc to bt mtde ; • 
prnycr fnr tho special i^race sppropriato 
to that particular mystery, and the dox« 
olo^:v. 

The Greater Rotary toktt in tU tht 

fifteen mysteries. 

The U'sser Bottfy talMt ill oot of tht 
three decades, 

St. Dominie is supposed to hftf* Intra- 

duced the Rosary OflMt* 
(xxvii.) Timsure. 

at, PeUr's tonsure. This tonsure wat 
quite round the hcnd ; to resemble the 
Lord*s crown of thorns. This is the tou- 
ture adot>ted by the Roman Catholic clergy. 

at. PouCm Ummurw, In this tons axe 
toe whole hetd it thtTtd. Thit it called 
also '* the Oriental tonsure.'* 

Si$non Magut'» toiuturt, A semicirdt 



Digitized by Gopgle 



TIIAUMATURGISTS. 



diaved from ear to Mr •bovt the fore- 
hMd, but not reachinjr to" the hinder 

put of the bend, on wliich tho hnir was 
Allowed to Mtnaxn, Thin sort of tonsure 
bthatof mtnndbaldiiewi. 

Tonfurpfl nrc mentioned bv St. Diony- 
ciui the Areopapite, who died a.o, 95 
(De Hiemrchia, p. S) ; bjr St. Anicet (a.d. 
160-161), in A letteroonfaUDcdia Patrotoina 
Graca, vol. v. col. IIW. And they were 
general in tlie fourth and fifth centunea. 
— Itede, CKHTch History, bk. v. ch. 22. 
See also lfid>iUon*S ipme» to his Acta 
at. B$aMi «» " — 



Oasses Distr^tUa ; Flurry IfttMn Eedt- 
siastiqttf (20 vols, in quirt., i. hk. xZXiX. 

(xxviii.) Monumental Fitiurea. 
MonumenUl figures in armour lepNaent 

iriih crosier, mitre, and pontjficaii, 

6uAops. , 
with hands on the bMMfc aod ft 

chalice, priests. 
bailt into the wall, foumU-rs. 
CMt of the altar, and elevated, s<unls 

and mariym. 
east of the alUrs, and level with the 

{wvement, holy m$n (nut s&iut^d). 



THAUMATUBQISTS. 



Tub present number of "J 
kait, ttiiftv thousand, three-fourths of 
whom were* martyr* or occlesiasUc*. 

Of craftsmen, the meet nnoMfow M,f 
^cen whitesmiths. 

• Of the thaumaturgisU, twenty-one are 
Alnoafe unknown. 

Of sainta, forty-nine have died a 
BiMtyr'8 death in iniancy ; bal Hieie aie 
■evenl infiuik inei^n knowtt eren 



A.D. 



Thaumaturgiato (town b.c 1667 

to A.D. IH50). 

From the Old TeaUment the greatest 
WMdcv^orkers are MoiCSi Juiiiee and 
Jambrea, i»nd Elisha. 

Dositheus, who taught Simon >i*ffvs» 
was a great thaumaturpst ; and Sitnon 
Magui ia ealled in AcU vm. 10 the 
«• Great Power of God." 

I» BMMt mphk •erf«nt of »iU In.li.itlij 
Billh In tb« A»rk>t o( fins. U itlven (ro.ii P. F"*™* " 

th» omewce of Keni »i»d m Imment* crowd, "••pv"*? 

M. "BeboM. 1 10 loth* Father. . . . IwUIprjIw* 
& ««TMi». fort" my thn>ne tl.enc* .11! I po.„ .ut 

.bull .-t l.-kth ; for In me '» "^'"l ^ ^yVgS' 



a.D. 

8-98. ApoLLOsn^* of Tynna. 
(UfebyPbUoatratoii.) 

SOft-m Bt. PuM-iJcufc and 
•eTeral other philoso- 
phera of Alexandria. 
(Porphyry, Mtario- 



212-270. 
Sfdeent. 

asa. 



Sll. 
801-aM. 

310-WS. 

410. 



i 



412-486. 



St. Grkookt, bishop 
of Neocsesarea, in 
Gappedocia. Called 
•*TiDe Thttumutur- 

gist " 

St. Dbxy8 or Diony- 
sius, patron saint of 

France 

ST.Qt'tNTUS of i£olia, 

in Asia Minor 
Sr. RoMANt'8 of An- 

tioch, martyr 
St. Asclkimas the Sa- 
bine. Martyred at 
Antinoe, in Egypt ... 
Sr. Macarils the 
Elder, of £gypt. 
Solitary of 8eet8 ... 
St. Macakius the 
Younger, of Alexan- 
dria. AlsoaioUtaty 
of Scetd 
St. Martih of Tonta, 
who divided biscloak 
with a beggar. (Life 
by N. Gervuee) ... 
St. TiTfs, martyr, 
while Home was 
under the Goths 
Gkbmakub, bishro 
of Auxerre vcoo 

feasor) 

St. Pbocuib. Ua 
rintti. Vita IVodi, 
6th centnrj* ... 
St. Hkiuit «>f Ire- 
land, the thauma- 
turgist. Her cell 
was called "KiU 
Dva** 



17 Not. 
90et. 

9 Feb. 



16 Jan. 
8 Jan. 

UNoT. 

l«A«f. 
8lJnl| 
^Oct 



... 



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THAUMATUBBISTS. 



A-D, 



7th 



8th cent. 

861. 
800-866. 
1891-1168. 

1110-1178. 

1170-U21. 
118S-1»6. 
1181-1S87. 

1 J 96-1231. 

1847-1888. 

1857-1419. 
1418-1687. 
1886-1668. 
1M8-1684. 
1878 1668. 



&x, lasci) po[M mod 
outftjr ... M. j 

St. ( lthbkrt, the 
iSritiah thauoiatur- 
i[int 

St J ox a 8, priewt of 
8 .Snlian, in Pales- 
tine. Honnur^'iniy 
the Greek Church 

8t. HiMTCHitm, soli* 

Ury of St. An- 
drew's, in Hithynia. 
Honoured by the 
Greek Church 

St. Johx, bishop of 
Pdlylxite, in Asia 

St. Isaac of Coriora, 

St. Am>ric, biibop 
of Mans 

St. Bebnaro of 
Clai rvau Xfthaom*- 
tnrf^iRt of the West 

Si. I-ii>'h;k of Ma- 
drid, farm labourer. 
HoBovred at M*- 
drifl. (I.ifobyJohn 
of Dutiiiuscus) 

Sr. DoMLHic, fotm- 
der of th« Domioi- 
cans ... ... 

St. !']:an( is of 

Asstsi, fuunder of 
the Piraeifcuf ... 

St. Hyacinth, thnu- 
Dinturgbt of ike 
I3tb century 

St. Amtont of 
Padua, apostle and 
ttmijiiinturgist. He 
preached to Ui« 
flabM ... ... 

Ste. Cathkrink of 
Sieoa. (Not the 
one famoTU lor the 
wheel) 

St. VixCEirr F«ii- 
KiEK, a Spnaiali 
Dominican 

St. FRAMOts of 
Pftula, founder of 
the Minims 

9t.FBA N < ] ^ X A VIEIlf 

apostle of the 
Indians 

St. CiiAiii.Ks BoK- 
KOMKo, archbishop 
of Milan 

St. Vincent i>k 
I'At'L, tvuiiUcr ut 



18 Mar. 

21 Sept. 

6Uar. 
6DM. 
8 Jane 

7 Jan. 

20 Aug. 

10 May 
S2 Jan. 
40et. 
lOAag. 

18 Jane 

80Apii] 
6 April 

3 April 
8Dae. 

4 Nor. 



the LAxarists and 
of ilie Siaten of 

Charity 

1683-1662. Blaise Paooal, 
y^»^]i^niiitifiaBaiiiil 
philosopher. 

1787-1778. JORKPH Ga!«9!«BR of 

Br.il/, ill the 

Ty rol i who treated 
al) diMaaee aa do- 

I!K»nini"n! fin--«ie»- 
sions, and therefore 
exorcised the sick. 
1808. St.Filitmkxa. Called 
the thaumatar>rist 
of the llUfi ri Tiiurv 
1794-1848. Prince Alexander of 



18 Joir 



lOAvf. 



Jftither the birth nor death date iM 
of the fotiotping thawtMturgUtt : — 

St. Axinas, an Asiatic anchorite. 

In Greek M i "ogy ... 17 Feb. 
St. Attalua the ihauiimtnrsist. 

HoBOttiod by the Greats 6 June 
St. £ustratil'8 of NicouK - iii. 

Honoured by the Gn-etcs C Juno 
Sr. Evthtmius the thaumatuiw 

gnsL bishop of Madyte*, on 

Uie Hellespont ... 2 and 18 April 
Bv. Felix. Eononnd at 8po> 

leto 16 Jane 

ST.GBOROBtbcTomifr. Honoured 

at Coniitantinople ... ... 28IIar* 

St. Illykiub. Honoured by the 

Greek Orareh 8 April 

8t« jABiMua. Honoured by the 

Greek Chnrch 4 Feb. 

St. Malkts. (Not the great 

Maurua of Glanfenil.) 

Uononied at Sopeio ... lOJuao 
St. Mkmxox, the hegumen. 

Honoured by the Greeks ... 28 April 
St. Pktkii, bishop of Argos ... 8liay 
St. Pktbr of Gallia Cisalpine. 
St. Phiix)thei;8, founder of the 

monastery of Mernieeinin, 

on the Uosphoros ... ... IdSepti 

St. Ritsa of Coblents SO Ai^. 

St. Skrastiaxa. Honoaredby 

the Greek Church ... « Juuc 
ST.Snii'iiKX,the tbaumaturgiati 

of the laum of St. SaUs, 

in Palestine IS July 

SXiTHAKASirg of Lycaonia. 

(Not ttie patriarch of Ooa> 

stantinople) ... ... 88 Febt 

St. Thkoci kta. Honoured by 

the Grctrk Church ... 21Aag. 



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mull 



CUILD-MARTYRS CANONIZED. 



9r. ZawaTb, the Himiiiiaturgisc 

of rnnstjintinople . . . . 0 Juno 

II wUl b« w*a Ibat (he Kr«>it n>tnir!« vorkrri haro con- 
llnued aiiintarnipledlr rren to our oan da/i Tb* 
rtaes AUXAHumi of HoiiRxuiKK. >>Ui>op fit 
«■ iHiMik iMd* » ■^Mt ouiiw tn LBW-ini. 
I hf ptwfU Ofllr, but It m ewFtilUI (uf aucent 
tiMt the lirk pMaon ahoulil pray itmultmuouuilr with tilin. 
Dtotancv waa ol no con«vqu«iK«. 

APiii UiMUa at TTANA nU'MKl Uif d«vl ; hpriUil the 
(41 k , nut uut d«TUt; trred a jiMjiig man fr\m\ n Inuin <>r 
vaniplra ot which h* waa •nMiM>ur««l ; {i(vpba.inl ; «aw 
M tell— I ifcuiwimH— «f Piwldtw t X«im;mi4 
lIMtlw wDrid Willi bb Immw ■•«■•• fytlHvtnM. 

Pbikatntliu wtom hit lib. 

Hf. FiLL'UK.iA WM wfaolljr unknown till 1903 ; l>iit <iiir«' 
tlirii li«r rhu«l liaa UM ilir tUny uf Iter lit*. AcconlinK 
to UiU authofity, tlx* wii> Utfi at K<mie, In thr rrigu of 
bbidctiM. and b*r (atber waa m prino*. IMuclctt«a 
«MliA aaiijr kar. bill itot laM Uai *t !*• ivaaw 
of ObfM. Md th« tTTMt ■ ■^w rt IHR LUM MisM 
«||% "CMrtrMatfcNM ^IftWHn* pinlMal NWlr MM 
Im nract^na iTum momW <M—*— >H)»Im«I» IM>« 
Ivtr^fu'. to! ill. p. 719 

N II — Oiif tliiiii! i> \rrr ntHklnjt. aiiJ nrmt to <li-mon- 
nmc tbe low uplnkoQ h«ld of miraclw, mod tlut ta. that 
m iMnj tfc«MMtiirgttti in ilail antniiTi Matltartha 
!*» of thalr hlfth. tiM *M of llMlr op— IIom» th« 
li»Icir» rrf th^lr mlmrlri. nor "••m fhr cLvtM of their 
birtli and ilmth, atf known. Il ti»k« ■• If a th.tumatli^ 
gilt 1x14 a place no U-llcr lt\xt) a rcii^iuu* cuiijurur. 

Ohild-M&rtyrs oanoniaed (49 in 
ranlMff)* 

rtt^af. 

jkBOIlDirs of Aquileia, mutyttd 

under Diocletian 2SA«g. 

ACRAS, honoured at Thoiirot, in 

FUndfTs ; in.irtynd l.'JO ... H 
AOAPIUS, FlDKUSy'and TllBO- 

aomvn, time Imithen, all 

martyred at ~" 
Maximian 

(Tlitlr iiiuthrr. 81. hnvuL. 



21 Aug. 



AjTDiiiew, emdlled by X«wt at 
Inapraek 

AVDBKW, martvrcHl in Ja(>an, 
1622 ... ' 

AirroNT, Thomas Cozaki (and 
25 others), martyred in 

*•« eM 

(CMionlsod t»r PriNU) VIILI 

AiTTOKius, martyred at Capoa, 

A*D* oOt ••• 

Bftixti H, martyred at Each, in 

Iklj^'ium 

CAM»i>rH (en infuii), mar^rnd 

at Home 

Cblsva, martyred with his mother 

nt .\ntinoe, in I^f^ypt, a.i>. 313 
Claudius, DioMYttiue, Uyfa- 

TiuA, end pADkUSf all 

ni.ir!\ red the siuue dny 
byzuiitium, under Aurelian, 
A.'i>. 273. They were iir»t 
cut into a furnace, which 
imin extinicuisbcd, and they 
were then lu'luudeil 
Omoohu aad Tu£oiM>iiK, ouur- 



It Jolj 

SSepC 
12 Nov. 
1 Jniie 
9 Jan. 



with their HOtw, 81. 

at NicoiDodia, in 
tiithynia, undar Dioclutian, 



Ckksckxs (an infant), son of St. 
Kuthymius, martyred by 
Turpiliiiji, under Diocletian, 
in the Via SaUha of Borne 

OntAOVs and Thbodi7Los, two 

1 mothers, sons of St. Exu- 
perius, martyred in Pam- 
phylia, qnder Diocletian ... 

CrKii., martyred at Cmarea, in 
Cappadocia, under Decius ... 

Huciii of Lincoln (1M4-1SU>, 
crucitied by Jews ... 



tSeplii 

HSepk. 

t May 

29 May 
27 Aug. 



ImfOCBHT, naHyred tinder l>i»> 

cleUaa and Maximian 
JoHX, Pktkr, and SsBariO!*, 

three brothen*, sons of Mar- 
cetlin, the military tribune, 
martyred ai ToiMi» in 
Pontae 

Jmnrasof Anxene, martyred at 
lieauvaisis t>y order of Kic- 
tioTaras, prefect of Gaul, 
onder Diocletian, A.n. 2H7 

JpeTiMAX, son of St. Martial of 
Limoges 

LuDovio voir Brook, craeiAed 
by Jews 

Ltoario:*, a Greeic diild 

Uajouic, martyred in Africa, 
by Huneric, king of the 
vandals, a.d. 484 

Max I. MI'S, martyred at Car- 
tilage ... 17 and 

MbrB!II>iiv, martvred under 
Diocletian and Maximian ... 

Michael of Ilettcn^en, flayed 
alive, et the s^e of t£rea 
yean, by Jews, 1540 ... 

Pavlillus, martyred in Africa, 
by Genseric, kiag of tlie 
Vandals 

PULtDiAN, martyred at Antioch, 
under Decius, a.o. 250 ... 

RicHAKD) crucified by Jews at 
Paotoiaa^ 1182, Maich S6 

SSand 

BoDOLPR, martyred br Jews at 

Berne, Switzerland, 1287 ... 

BUKI.NU8, SiLVA.suB, aod Vita- 
ucus, msftyrad at Anfyia, 
in Galatia 

SuiKO!* Nos of Prague, mar- 
tyred liy his own father, a 
JeW| itid4. (Nut canonized.) 



SSAoc. 

27Aac. 

ISOet 

16 July 
aOAnrU 

• Dae. 

23 Aug. 
SSAuf. 

WMar. 

13 Nor. 
84 Jaa. 

80 Mar. 

17 April 

4 Sept. 



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SATXTS OF THE NINETEUNTH CENTURY. 



xxziii 



81M011, mAftyred 



»t Treat, in 



1479 ... ... M Mar. 

Tmbodi'i i s, ji Greek child ... S8 Oet. 
UMBAJft nwtyred at Anttock, 

mid«r Deeim, a.d. 250 ... M J!mi. 
Wbrxfr, martjnd bj Jews, at 

Oberwezel 18 and 19 April 

William of Ncirwick, emoifltd 

by .lows, 1137 24 Mnr. 

Of nwetftsloM hf Irtm, HD«R at Uncadi. RlvMAin. juhI 
WaUAM«f MmmUk ««t m ktU antborilr. !• R>ni«r'< 
JiHUra ai« mttni ilunniMaU rtUtliif to Mtivli i>f 
UmoIii. mm! alfhtaMI of lh» rtctiMt Jev> of Ijindou mm 
put to dsth fur " lakinc part " In Itilj iniirfter. r*« 
^1 till »»'« rci/« of Cliaucrr. nuHlrraUcfl l>j Wiirdiw^rth. 
hm ttiU for iU iuh>^ I 

RlCHABO aho nuukM an ep<ich la Frvm-fa lil«Uirr. m 
thto allevMl aurdw 4M«nntoMl Ua« fhttlMM to a|wl aU 
J«wi frotn hk ilnmlnbMt Dm wn* *Mir. RtehMiTt body 
vaa prwnrcd in At Innoceat'i. fark. and nMUiy llllf«d« 
MTib*t tu It. 

WiiLMM On the ipot whrre Uili miirdrr I* nM 
to have N-rn r ■minltmi. A church wtu •rvrtc'l, called 
" WllilMti In the Wood." AimI w« are toM that bU timlx 
wai ilpialiard hy maAjr miraclw. Uwm pteoaj iu tba 
oMlMtnL Mi4 tiM MUM ItMMtid la Um ealMida 

BomiMmkwtodtor 



Saints of the Xfineteenth Oen- 



nt fiHlcwimij ham it 
ikt present oenturif ; — 

(x>LL'MRA. The very existence of this 
nmrtyr was unknown till 1819, when her 
tiody WM diaooTerad in the cemetery of 
St. Oilepode. OMHniiaed by Gregory 

xvf. 

FiLVMSXA. The existence of this 
peiWNi waa wholly onknown till three 
tiles were diseovered, in IH»)2, in the 
cemetery of St. Priscilla (see p. 22). 
Her f;ho«t revealed her antecedents. Her 
body was itmovad to Na{»lM in 1805, and 
waa iKNKNirtd trf w many mirMlea thet 
•he was called "Tljc ThauniattirpHt of the 
Minateeoth Century." In 1862 Pius IX. 

Cmfead irreat iiid«l({«iieea to tboaa who 
noiireil this new saint (p. 47(\). 
Gkraki) Majri.i.a of Naples, died 
1755, and the miracles which honoured 
Ict toflsb cauaad har caaoniiation by 
Ploa IX. in 1817. 

Hkkk.skta. Her body was recently 
found in the catacombs of Hume, and her 
canonization waa anthoriaed by Qiegory 
XVI. in 1841. 

Maky Clotii.uk de France, died 1802. 
Was beatified 1808. 

Uaais. Her body waa leeently found 
in tha aaoMlaiy of m. Gblixtns, and her 
badj wii fcnmrad to Bw d aa M ! in IMl, 



when her canonisation was anthofiMd by 
Gregoiy XVI. 

(fimonixation not yet fvlly oonswnmated 

(m\, :^ 

AaoLi:« of SommariTa. Caaooization 
not yet complete (1W4). 

Be^ki»icta flClH !71<<). Mgr. Bar- 
nadou, bishop of Gap, is still collecting 
materiaia for bar canonization (1884). 

Caxili.b Grntili (15Ui centar}'). 
Her "cult" was authoriicd by Gregonr 
XVI. in 1841. 

FKAjicia Xavibb JoaspH Mart 
BiAivcHi, died at Naples in tha ** odour 
of s.inrtity " in 18I5, a|;ed7l. Hi« 
ficatiun la null in process at Home (IH8t) 

Gaspard del Uukkalo, bom at Uome, 
died 1837. Gregory XVI. introduced a 
decree for his l>eatification, but it is still 
tvbjmiice (H«n. 

Jossra 3lAur Pioxatslli of Sara- 
^ossa, died in tha ** odour of MncUty ** 

m 1811, agftl 71. Si-reral years a>;o the 
procedure uf his beatiticatiun was in- 
troduoed at Rome, but ii not yet fully 
consumnutted (1884). 

Makt Fkaxcrs DK8 Plairs t>b 
NoTRK Srionritr of Naples (I7ir»- 
1791). Har beatification it Btill under 
oonsideratioB (1884). 

Nicholas M«»linari, bishop of 
Boviao, in Naples (17U8-1792). The 
process of his canonization w.'i< r in- 
menced in 1831, but is not yet comjilettd. 

Patl i>k la ('roix, founder of the 
Pnssionii^ts, died at Koine in the "odour 
of sanctity " in 1775. Pius Y I. introduced 
the canse of Iter beatifleatlon, but It ia 
still incomplete (1884). 

I'oMriLio Maky uk St. NiciiOLAa 
PiROTTi of Benevento, died at Campo 
in 1756. Ferdinand 11. i»f Naples in- 
terested himself in his canonization, which 
still goes slowly on at Rome (1884). 

Thubba Maruakbt i>u CatVB o« 
jKSva of Arezzo, died in the **odo«r of 
sanctity " in 1770. The cause of her bcali> 
tkation at Home is nearly complete. 

Vincent Mary Strambi of dvita 
Vrcchia, died 1H_>4. The process of hcf 
CHiioiii/aliun \» considerably advanced. 

ViNCKNT MoRKLLi, archbishop of 
Otranto, died 1812, aged 71. The cauia 
of hif beatiflcation is going on (1884). 

Vincent Komanus of Naples, died 
1881. The process of his beatiiicatioa 
haa comnienefld at Roma. 

Ton^n nranM wlUi RMrtjm of the nln«t««nth ecnturr. 
Vitf wm% mfK^i^wmmvm la Uw y*ar iloa ThM« 



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THE FATHERS OF THE CHURCH. 



The twenty-two Fathers of the Greek 
•ad Latin t!hurche!<, in chronological 
ordcr.Rfp: I.Justin (103 -167) ; 2. IreniTOB, 
bi»hopof lA-on? (130, 177-200) ; 8. Athcn- 
a^oras {Jlourished 117); 4. dement, or 
Clemeni, of Alexandria {died 2*20) ; 6. Ter- 
tulttaii, a Latin Father 6. 
Oriixen, a Greek Fnthrr flSa 253) ; 7. 
("vprian, bishop of ('arthajje (200, 248- 
2A«) ; I^tantiuB ((/irt/ 325) ; 9. Hilary of 
Poiticr.4 (Z'tsAo/) 3.'iO 307); 10. .\thana8iu8, 
bihbop of Ak'xandria (296, .S2H 373) ; 11. 
Basil the Groit, lii^hoj) of ('irsnrea (329, 
871-379) ; 12. Cvril of Jerusalem (815, 
848-S8(>); 13. Grcporv Nasianzen, bishop 
of Cartha-e (329, 3H0-390) ; 14. Grc^'ory, 
bishop of Nvs&a (332 39(1) ; \U. Anil<ro8P, 
hishop of Milan (340, 374 .397); Ifi. 
John ClirysoHtom (347-407); 17. Jerome 
(3ir» 420) ; IH. Aupustine, bishop of 
Hippo (3.'i4, 3'.».^ 430); 19. Cvril, bishnp 
of Alexandria {buiMp 412^44) f 20. 
Theodoret, bishop of Tjrre (887-458) ; 

21. Popt Uo I. the Great (390, 440-461) ; 

22. Pope Gregory 1. the Great (544, 590- 
804). 

In alphnhctic order : Ambrose, Atha- 
nasius, Alhcnagoras, Au)^i!<tinc, Banil, 
CbrvBOStum, Clement, Cyprian, twoCyrlKi, 
three GregoiySt Hilary, Irenwus, Jerome, 
Justin, Laetaotins, Leo I., Origen, Tcr- 
tullian, and Theodoret. 

Chief vorks. Amhkosk: De Officiis 
Minisirorum ; De Viniinitate ; Letter to 
Valpntinian ; the Aiiihrosian ritual, used 
in Milan. [The 'J'e iJewtn is usually as- 
cribed to him, but it was probably a 
eentury later.] 

A-mAXAsiva ; Bible CommcntariM ; 

Apolo^v to the fiiipcrtir ronstamo ; and 
A Bost of works againiit Arianisni. [The 
Athanaaian Creed embodies the anti- 
Arian dogmas of this Father.] 

Athenauoras : I^jatio pro Christiaru$ 
(addressed to the em|)eror Marcus 
Aurelius) ; Treatise oo the Beeurrection. 
"The Romaiiee of TVne and PerfMC 
,ove " ha.s also l>een a!<cril>ed to hilBi 
but without sufficient authority.] 

AvommKB: De CivUate JJe, in 22 
lii.'.ks (his fcreat work) ; J\'i tnirtdttotws, 
til two books ; ConfesnionH, in 13 books 
(containing an account of his conrersion) ; 
A Treatise on Grace and Free Will ; 
SoUloqniea (with hia own soul); £x- 
poaitioa of Sfe. Joha't Gospel { Own* 



mentary on the Psalms ; 363 Sermons ( 
270Lettm| ate. 

Hash.: The ffcxanunyn, or six days 
of creation (his sreat work, in Greek) ; 
Leetnree on ■ceaTar avtfaors ; Homilies ; 

DiHcournes ; A Treatise on Asceticism ; 
Scripture Commentaries ; a vast number 
of l^>ttere; ete. 

Cu HYSOHTOM : Homilics (Ijis best 
work) ; Trcatices on the Priesthood ; 
Providence and Virginity ; five Liturgieft; 
DiscouBses, Commentaries, and Letters. 

Clrmrtt or Clrmk!«s: Prolrep'*eus 
(an exhortation to the Gentiles) ; S^trotTnita 
(a recital of Christian and philosophic 
though u) ; Fedagoipu (on Christian 
morals). 

Cypuiax : De Lnpsis (in tlic Deci 'n 
IMjrsecutiiin) ; On the Unity of the 
lliurch; Jk Diadplma VirgtHum: IH 
OratM Dei; De fdohnun VanSMe; 
Ornli<»ns; I.etters ; etc. 

( YKiL of Alexandria: The Treasure 
(against the Arians) ; CoinnMntarieo on 
St. John ; sixty Letters ; etc. 

CYiMt.nf Jenisalem : Eighteen treatises 
addressed to catechumens on Scripture 
doctrines, and live addressed to the newly 
bapUsed on ritunli, as baptism, chrism, 
and the Lord's Supper, 

GuMiUKY Nazianzen: Fifty-three Ser- 
mons ; a poem on the Vieissitndeaof Life; 
l.">r> (it)ier poems ; 242 I/ettcrs ; etc. (The 
dramatic poem on " The Passion of 
Chriitt " has also been ascribed to him.] 

(iBEOOBT of Nysaa: Jiacriiua (a di»> 
logue of the Son! and Reanrrection in 
(ireek, his chief work); Treatises on the 
Deity of the Holy Ghost, on Deslinyi 
on Virginity, and on Christian Peifee> 
tion ; llotnilies on Ecclesiastes and on 
Solomon's Song; Orations; Discourses: 
Panegyrics; Funeral Giationa; Liyea M 
Saints s Letters; ete. 

Grkoort f. tha Gfeat: Exposition of 
Job (his great VOrk) ; The Sucra- 
mentary ; The Antiphonary (or Gregorian 
chanta) ; Dialogues ; Letters ; etc. 

Iln.AKY: On the Trinity; Treatise 
on the .Synods ; (,'ommentaries on St. 
Matthew, the Pauline Bpiatln, and tht 
Psalms ; Christian PoesT. 

iRRXAua: Against llereaiaa, ia if« 
books (Greek) ; tie. 



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1>ATES OF ECCLESIASTICAL MATTERS. 



mzzT 



Jkkomr : Trnn-IatirtD into Ijitin ami a 
continiuUioD of " hu<»ebitti>i" Trmnslation 
«f dM BiWm into Latin (hit great w<wk) ; 
etc. 

JusTlJi : Two Apolof^pes for the Chris- 
tian!* ; Dialoi'ues with the Jew namftd 
Tryphon. £Uu " Uowtdiy of Qod " is 
lost.} 

I.Af-TAXTTT '^ : Divine InstltutioM, in 
eovt-n books [Latin, bis chief work) ; The 
Work of God, the Wnth of God $ The 
Donth of Persecutors. [The popm in 
Ijitiu vtrae called The Phitnix " is also 
attributed to him.] 

Okiokji: Tetrapla and JlejMpta (edi- 
tioat in Gitek «f the Old Tdtoment, 
liis diaef works); Apolocr for Chiu- 



tianitv, nj^ninst Cclsus, in eight books; 
On Martyrdom; On Prayer; On tho 
Kesurreciion. The [ Pkilosophinmuma, m 
IJffutfition of lltri^iri^, hna hf«f»n nn- 
cribcd to him, but without feutlkit-at 
foundation.] 

TsKTULLiAK : Uis Apology (it bis 
great work) ; Against tae Jews ; Fro* 
scrij ti »n . anainst Ileri'tios ; On the Soill| 
Agninat Marcion, in tive brMiks ; etc. 

TiiKODOKKT : A Church History', in five 
Ijookn, from 32') to 4'J't ; A Pio^jraphy of 
Fiftv Recluses; A 1 rcntiseou Providence; 
A (Jiatory of Heresies; Emni$tes (a 
dialogue against Entycfaianism, t>, the 
dogma that the hnmnn nature of Cbri«t 
WW AlMorbod in Hii divine neitan). 



DATES OF ECCLESIASTICAL CUSTOMS. DOGMAS. 

TITLED, ETC. 



Is reeding the li\es of saints, I have 
mot with the following dates, which 
cannot fail to 1>e useful, as they arc not to 
be found in any book with which I am 
acquainted, in a eompeefc Ibrm suited for 
easv rpf»T(-nfr. 

A.l>. introduced in the eighth cenlui^'. 
legaliaed in the teirth century. 

Admoxitions, or threats of ixeom- 
munication, introduced 1181. 

.\l>OltATIO.V t»K TMK WusT UllpOOed by 

the Fourth L«t«raa Council, 1000. 
Adtbiit SiTifOAT appointed 1000. 

All Souls' Dav appoints! !»<»8. 

Altars in churcht^ always made of 
wood in the first three centuriea ; early in 
the fourth century stonfvaltwrs were occa- 
sionally introilured ; and in I )«cemb€r, 506, 
itr was declared by the Council of Albon 
that etone is the only proper material for 
dinrdk altars In fcngland etone allais 
were exchanged for woodnn cnmmnnion 
tables (after the practice of the tirttt three 
oentnries) in 1560; end in Jan. 81, 
1845, stone altars were derlared by tli^ 
Court of Arches to be illegal in the Lhun ij 
of England. This declaration was con- 
firmed March 21. 1867. by the Privy 
Coondl. 

AvAiirEMAR in UKC The syn <1 

of PaviR, in 850, determined that all 
who refused to submit to "discipline" 
should be anathemaiixed (aee Mjm, ax. 8 ; 
Gai. i. 8, 9). 

Anoklits, a prayer to the Virgin com- 
■enring with theee worda. Aiigctua Ihrnmi 



muUiamt Marke, recited thrice a day a» 
the eottod of a bell. Instituted by Urban 
11. in the Council of Clermont, 1096. Ke- 
organized by John XXII., nod announced 
by a bell, in 1810. Ordered by Loiiie XL 
to be repeated daily aJ mon in 147'i. 

AxNt'.xciATioy. First mention of the 
ftetiml ii by Celamoa in 492. 

ApoeriJia' Ckerd received into the 
l^tin Church in its present form in the 
» li v( Hill eentiirT ; Imi! a formula some- 
what like it existed in the second cenlunr ; 
ilcme were added in Cke foHttb and fath 
ccnturicH, and verbal alterationi were 
made even later* 
(The notion that It «w tmfmi bf tts spnillM Ii 

qwile nirlhiijd,) 

AbiiKH. (See Holt Asiiko.) 
AscKNsioH DAT lint OMntnemorated 

A.t). 6H. 

Athanasia:* Crrbd received into the 
Western Church in 670. 
(At vptad li Wmm MO: ta totfa sMl Ommm^ a 

AiKiCfi.AR Confession imposed by 
the Fourth I^teran Council, 1215. 

BsLLa said to be introduoed into 
ciinrehes by Panlinna, bidiop of Note, 
400, but Uiis probably is a r.ntury 
t*K> early. U^en in France 550. One 
brought fn)m Italy by tlie abbot of Wear- 
nxMith in <»80. Hop*' Saltinian enjoined 
that ever}' hour should be auncmnced by 
sound of bell in 600, tliat due preparation 
might be nade for the korm omonte. 



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0ATES OV KCCLESIASTICAL MATTERS. 




Ihiptism of Bells introdiirrd hv John 
XIII. (M&-972). Th«v were first exor- 
ei«ed, md bl«iiM4 triui Mlt and water ; 

tbrn cjirinl; Ir i! '.v-f^iirt and without with 
UiP nsjiorsoir ; then aiiomtiti MJven timen in 
th« form of crus.<*^K (thrice outside with 
nit for the tick, nod foar tiine^ innide with 
the holy chriim) ; then na.med after some 
r.aint; and ttitij iDeeiiMd and UMfkad 
with a cro9». 

IWIi wrtT knovn trt th* Clilnmr B < T^i** in-rm 

a«»<< 'n Ihf mon j wtf o# Hilhgt loni; : r >i- f. i. iii,. 
ClirteUnn em. Th«jr wan common hum»% Um linl n ni, 

lU r 1 , T?.H>K, and rANi>i.K ; this mode 
of excouimunication existed in the eighth 
eentnry. 

Bkli.. The An^rc lus first nmg in Ital^ 
in 1816; in FrHmc May 1, 1472. 

Bkkviakt attriliuted toGdaaittf I* in 

494. Modified in lOHO. 

Candlra were first used in places of 
piddio worship, liecaufe Cliristians had to 
celebrate their mysteries in caves, cata- 
MHiiba, and dark «Mai^rioand secret places, 
toetrfijif^ pfTsooutiDn. 

Canox or ScKirri-HK completed 494. 

The CtMirurfl of Laodtcaa n0(V-M4MetcrRilned th« caaoti 
•r th« New TeatMMMit 6rripiur«». boi rejected U>e 
Apoeal}t>^. Tia Apocaln** »■« adnihtnl 4M. 

Tl'e Okl Te«t*irrlil, »i w l.mf l», not rf.iiip!ct(xl 
Iwfare B C. 110. but lhrr<- mm n fnmiil'ati.'ti ui < \l-t.-iirr 
» <■ Th« Aroo^pli*! bo< »<!« d wWtd un- 

rjir>"iil. ji) III tli9 nflh QHiaMy^ liMn w • C^pus^Bl 

IWfijDU MX. 'ZT7. 

Caxoj»IZATIon. Kir<st instance by John 
XYI., who canonized Uldaric, bishop of 
All^:9bllr^^ .Ian. "O, Bishops and 

p<>j»c8 uiutiially cantinized till 1160, when 
Alexander 111. restricted the prerogative 
to the pope* The canonixatioQ made at 
Beven, in 11BS, was tht latt wbidi wag 
mnde hy hisliop" withr>ut the pripo. 

Cariunai.s (Tlie Sacred voiltye of) 
inalitQted in hi? ; tli< ir ri);ht to ele.-t the 
pnpo estnhii>hi'd hy Nii holn.s 11. 10*1^: rod 
nutcivcn Inaoccut IV, at the t.'outicil 
of Lvons in 1245 ; title of Kmiltme9 
acconted by Urban Vlii. in 1630. 

Ckmiiact or thk Ci-RIioy. Mttrriaqfi 
'..-A/, n by the r,.|iiM i! rf Nit-e. ;{■•' : i-f 
()ranj;e, 441; of Aries, 4.')2; of Anders, 
4.'>3 ; of Tours, 461 ; of Nantes. 46A ; of 
Konie, 721 ; of Worms, 868 ; of An^rtibMrtr, 
f»52; of Poitiers, 10(X); of IJ-aiie a^-ain, 
1074 ; of Placentia, 1(>95 ; in I>ond<.n, 
li26 ; in Denmark, IjeOj finally, by 
Cooneil of Trent, \n 18<», 

M'. .•<,:! bv ,r.vini;iii in -tftO : by the 
archluahop oi ddmcia, ia \ by Tnil- 



lan Connri! in W?; bv roun< il (if Toledo. 
701 710; maintained at Milan till 1080; 
in England, Normandv, and Ilrittany 
till after 1100; in Ue^'till 1220. 

CnR!«TiAN8. Name given in Antinch 
to the fitUnwers of Ch rift ali<iiit A.l». 11. 

C'HRiDTMAa Day (Dec. 25) introduced 
at Anlioeh 87A. 

CoMMUHtoii in one kind cololiiad ift 
1263. 

CoNPRSRtoN once a year ojoined by 
the Lateran Coun( il in 1215. 

Ckoss (The r^\\;n of the), as a curative 
pynibrd, w.ns omninon in the fourth len- 
tury, as Euaebiua tells us from his own 
peraonal knowledge ; but from tli€ mmiii- 
niental insi-riptions of the rataconibs it 
may l>e iiiftfrred that it was rarely, if ever, 
used in the first two centuries. It i.«. how- 
ever, well known that the cross it!>elf is 
not exclusively a (^hristian symbol, as the 
Spaniards found it an obje<-t of relicious 
vencntion in both Soutli and Central 
America. In the Middle A^es the sign of 
the eross was ufcd ah w i li trm or aimilet, 
and even to the present is bo used by 
many [Roman] Craiolica. 

CKt'ctKix. Its general nse enjoined 
in the bixth Gu;umenical Counril, held 
in IMK Decraed by Renedi« t X 1 V. to be 
necessary to every altar in 1754. 

Divinity or Christ strenuously in- ' 
sisted on in the fourth century. 

ExcoMMUXiCATioN in the Christian 
Chnrcb ia a continoatiott «f tbe Jewish 
prnt tiot'. The Jews had three derrrecs of 
tfxcouimunicatiun, called Stddui, ('Am*m, 
and AnafAenia Miimnatha, The 4ni 
was exclusion from the synagogue for 
thirtv davs. The second elusion 
fr<im the synagojrvie and "boycotting" the 
ofl'ender for thirty days. The Anathema 
Maranatha tncltided tte lots of eiril 
ri;;hts, anrl was ai'Contpanied with terrible 
cur»e». (iregory VI 1., in 1077, a^itumed 
the right of excommunicating sovereigns, 
niid releaaiqg mbjcdi fnm their mile* 
giance. 

ExTRKMK Unctiojc introduced bv 
Felix IV. (52fr-680). The allusions to 
anointin;; with oil in Origen, Chn-soa- 
tom, r.Tssrius of Arb-;, and Innoci nt 1., 
etc., refer to the unctiona of baptii&in aud 
confirmation {Jame»f. 14, 15). 

Farts. Montanus, who flourished 170- 
212 the Paraclete "). introduced fasting 
as an inhibitioa opim toe faithful. Wed- 
nesdays to commemorate the day when 
Christ was betrayed and taken prisoner, 
and Fridayp to n,:i < moratc His rin i- 
fixioo. The Lenten fast mas fixed at the 



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DATES: FESTIVAI^S— MONASTIC ORDERS. 



xxxvtt 



Council of Orlcjiii?! in .'II. In Enqlnnd 
onUiaed by Ac( 2 and » Edward VI. 
c 19, 1649. 

*.' S-i:;;.'<laT *n<J Sn-.'.-w .•-.r.- ti<<i>.(tet day*. Til.- I no 
In QomiiitrDioration of U)« lini>tii<«l woric of rmthxi, t' i; 
o(b*r in ruiiioi«iM>r«tjuji o( th« KcMurrrctloU. tYet »# 

FurAvALS : John Baptist, Paul, Peter, 
Stephen, all introduced in the fourth 
century. 

FiLio<)CK introduced into the Nicene 
Creed in 880. The MM of OwrlemaKne 

pressed the pope to declare any one who 
rejected the new dogma salvua ettue 
BOO poCeok bot Leo III. refused to do bo. 

FfNERAl. Oratioxs. Tlie first was 
June 5, 13H2, prtmounred over Andrea 
Contarini, the do^e. The first in P'nir ce 
vaa in V6^, over ^e constable Dagoealtn* 

HIH.T Anm. Gr^ry the Gnat (990- 
ftfH) introduced the practice of Bprinkling 
the ashes on the tir^it of the lour days 
added to Lent by Felix III. in 487. The 
ceremony of diMtribulinj^j them wn«: tnfro- 
ducttd March 28, 1091, by the Council of 
Benevento. 

U<Muy HvaaD. BiMd bitmd by kbe 
priest and distrilniled on Snnds^ end 

other frt« -ilKyg, was fir..t intTOdnoed IB 
666 at the Council of Nantes. 

Holt Oil. in extreme unction is based 
on Jrwt V. 14 ; 3farh vi. 13 ; Imt it was 
not formally ordained till Uie Council 
of Trast, 1645-1563. 

Holy Oil ib cMam wee flirt osed 
about 1541. 

Holt Watbr introduced by I^n (C,B2- 
68S>. First Bsed io cxordsms by Alex- 
eoder II., 1070. For tiiU fmrpose it is 
iiill kepi in Roman Catholic rnuntries. 

Immaculavs GoncirTioir made s 
de|Bia of Ike Ckaieh bj Pine JX. ia 

iNurLOEHCES. First bestow r-1 in 1M2 
by Ponce, bishop of Arle*, to those who 
aided him in building his monastery. 
In 1087 Victor HI. promised indulf?ences 
to those who took up arms auninrtt the 
Saracens. The first plenary ii;(lul^;enre, 
exteodiag over " this life and the Ufe to 
eome," was given by the Comieil ef 
ClemioBt Ib 1(196^ is fkveur «l Cm- 
tsders. 

iMFALLIBILrtT 09 TKB POTB flnt 

claimed in 7r>0. 

I^QUIMITION established in 1282. 

Interdicts. An ecclesiastical inter- 
diet wae laid en • fKoA m Itie diooeie 



hy Him m.ir, l)i«hop of Ij»on, in 870. 
One was laid on France by Urvgory V. 
in 99.^. Very rare till 1078, la tiie poati- 
ficate of Grc^'ory VII. 

K1H.SINU iiiK Poi*K's ToB introdaecd 
in im. AbeliilMd Iqr ClMBeBt ZIT. in 
177a. 

LsBTSir Fapt (etMheof the yeer, or 

thirty -six da\>l introduced in the fourth 
centur)'. Felt.\ 111., in 487, added four 
days. The number forty fixed by the 
Council of Orleans 547. 

BIatthew. The first two chapters do 
not occur in the Ebronite co|»i«e| mid to 
be the "origiDal H^rew.'* 

Makx. The two oldest Greek M8S. 
terminate this Gospel with ver. I>, < Imp. 
xvi. See "Kew Yersion." Ihe last 
elerea Tenee were iafcrodoead tabee- 
qaently. 

Monastic Orders. The monastic 
system originated with Pachomius in 
Kgypt (320-330). Introduced into Pales- 
tine by Hilarion in 828; at Rome by 
Athanasius in 340; into (ihuI hv Mnrtia 
of Toon ia 870. Paul the first hermit 251. 
Anmmefadn, aa order Dsr womea, 

established by Joan, daughter of 

Louis XI. and wife of I^ouis XII., 

in 1501 ; Ib Kn^lnnd in 1105. 
Au'/ftatiites, established by Alexander 

IV. in r25t> ; in France in liyfi, 
Benedictines, established in 529, 
Bernardim*, established in 1118. 
Brother* of Charity, fooadad hr Tla- 

cent de Paul in 1817. Smtn of 

Chartty in 1634. 
Camalduif (Refomed Benedietioes)| 

introduced hy Romual ! in I'tlO. 
Cti/>//uci»k.'* ( Ueforiiitd FranciBcans), by 

Matthew Ilaschi in 1528. 
Ctirmeiitet, established in 1171. Coo- 

flrmed by llonorius III. in 1324. 

U'A<7<; FnarR. 
Camutf founded by Albert, patriarch 

ef Jerusalem, in 1109. CoBflrmed 

by IInnf riii5 TII. in 1227. Tlarc- 

fuoted C armeii founded by St. Therti>a 

in 1562. 

Cartfnt^uins (Reformed BeaedictiBti)* 

by Bruno in 1U57. 
Qarissei, an order for womeOifoaBded 

by St. FraDcis in 1224. 
CbHMfer^ foesded bv St. Lottb ia 

1 

JJtM-tnwiires, founded by Cafsar de Uua 
in 1692. 

Dominicans, fornrlc.] by Dominic in 
the Albigensiao war, 1215. First 
Dominican oOBVMIt bvilk In ItlC 
iMaoAFiian. 



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DATES OF ECCLESIASTICAL MATTERS. 



IhiUlanis (Uefonned iknedictiaei*), by 
JobD de U Batsi^re in 158U. 

JWinrwcana, founded by Francis d'Assisi 
in 1209. CoDfirmed' by laoocent UJ. 
ia 121& 0ny Frim. 



Qenevier^ (Monaiiter^ of St.), fomided 

by Eii;:(«niu'< IH. in 1148. 

Otnoij RpguUf of 8l. G*n«*W»« wUblisiicd In ]«1S. 

J/osjfttallers, founded by St. John of 
Jerusalem in 1099. 

Jesuits, founded nt Rome by Ignatius 
Ix»yola of SfMiin in l."i38. C<infirmed 
by the Bull of Paul III. in 1540. 

jMtarigU, foanded by St. Vincent de 
Paul in ie24. Confirmed by Urban 
VIII. inl(;31. 

Jlercy (Order of), for the redemption 
of Cbriatima cnptiTct, fonndcd in 
1218. ConflroMd bjr Gnmay IX. 
in 1285. ^ ^ 

Minims, founded in Calabria by Francis 
of I'aula in 1454. Confirmed bv 
Sixtus IV. in 1474. Introduced 
into Kranre in lG2i. 

Mmion (I'nesta of th«), Mune m 
Lasnriatii (q.v.). 

Ortitorij (Congrep«tion of the), founded 
by Philip of Neri in Home in 1668. 
Cwnfimied 1575. Introduced into 
Fmnet in ir>il. Introduced by 
Newman into England in 1847. 

J*rcmojistratmsi(ins (Canons Regular), 
introduced by liorbert into L«on in 
1119; ettablisbed in England in 1 140. 
I'cfurmcd in l.'i7.'i. 

Templars (Knightsj, founded in 1128. 
Suppre8^<ed in 1812. 

Tettonic Knights, or ••Chevaliers of 
the Virpin Marj-," founded by 
Fredf-rick, duke of Swabia, in 1190. 
Conlirmed by Cclestine 111. in 1192. 
Suppressed by Napoleon in 1809. 

J7it<itim's of the Hermitage^ founded by 
Uritula llenincasa in 1624. Con- 
firmed by Urbu VIII. in 1624. 
Introduct>d into Paris by imwliiinl 

Mazann in 1(»44. 
Trij'jxats (Reformed Iknedicttnca), 
founded in Normandv bv Rotrou, 
eountof Perche, in 1 140. Refonoded 

b v L'abbtfdefioothiUicrde BMietfia 

l6r>3. 

Yirtor (Canooi Rcfnilnr of St), Miab- 

li«]itd in Paris hj William dC 

riiani|ttaijx in 1113. 
Vi-(itntf.n (ConpreK^'ion of Uie), founded 
by ihv baron of Chantnl in KiIO. 
Confinued by UrUn Vlil. in 1G26. 



MoMSBlOJlBDR. At first applie<I to all 
Minte tad all knights. Up to 1789 ac- 
corded in France to princes of the blood, 
princes of the Church, and high funo- 
tionaries. In 18S0 reatrieted to prineea 
of the blood, archbishoj,!*. Ijlshopg, and 
cardinals. Bishops iu England were 
barons in 1072, and all rectors wort 
knigbte, and had the title of " Sir." 

NtOCirB Crbed, up to the paragraph 
" I believe in the Holy (Jliost," intro- 
duced in 825 ; the rett in 891 (except th« 
word ••dead*). * ^ 

Ofkick of the Virgi.v, appointed to 
be read daily by the clerg\', in the 
Cooadl of aermont in IMS. 



PAlimxos known in churches in ^94, 
but not generally approved of. 

Pi lorim Aosa. Comnion to almoit all 
nationa. Herodotns speaks of a pilgrim- 
ape of vir^'ins to ninkt- offering's in the 
ti niple of lielos. Kuempfer speaks of 
pilgriniageo to the temple of lait, in 
Janan, to obtain remission of sins and 
indulgencea. In China thev are common ; 
in India, Arabia, and Thibet. The 
Saracena made pilgrimages. In the 
Christian Church they were known in 
tlic fourth century ; and were comnMNi in 
Uir eleventh century (from 1060). 

Poi'K. Title first given to all bishopo. 
Adopted by llyginus in 1.18. ReHtricted 
to the bisiu)p of Rome in 400 by the 
Council of Toledo ; again in the Otuncil 
of Clermont in lOH.'i. In .'.Of^ Knodlus 
established the dogma that every p^>|)e 
is ex ojficio " ludy." Sergius II. was the 
first pope who changed hit name, on bia 
election, in 844. Stephen IT I., in 1161, 
was the firj»t popo t i fnt. r .St. Joim 
I^t«ran on a litter bome by men 

(Orrjory 0» OfMt. In CH «M the Bnt to HiMeribs 

liliiiwlf '■ H<T¥u» Servontm.") 

Pha YKUs KOR TIIK DltAl>. The Parsees 
repent prayers for the dead for three 
successive days, and that uninterniptedly. 
This is the time when the soul of tfie 
deceased is sui>posed to be nndergoing 
exniniuntion for its past life. The prayers 
arc again renewed on the thirtu-th day, 
and continue occasionally for a year. If 
the prayers are neglected on the fortieth 
night, Uie soul will remain unprotected 
till tlie resurrection. In Thibet a vast 
number of prayers are said for the dead. 
They are repeated every third day for a 
year. 

iu the Christian Church. Euscbius 



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DATES: PROCESSIONS— VIRGIN MARY. 



xxxix 



informs us they were introduced about 
190; but in mediapval tinnce the flnt 
dure In^Uml:K is th«t for the Uugt Andrea 
ConUnni, June 5. ij^2. 
J¥a'f0rs for mm» m jputgatotv, enjoined 
in KXM). Bcjoctod in bighuul in 

Pratfers to the Virgin Jidry and to 
Saints, introduced by Gregory the 
(ir«et in 693. 
Prayinij witk the face to the Eiist, 

introduced by Boniface il. Id 532. 
Prat/i-rs of the forty hours^ in meaofff 
of Chrint ill the tomb, establiilMd vjf 
Joaepb of Kerne in \h^, 
PboCKSsioxs. Reli^ioiift procpHsions 
common in £g3rpt| Indin, Thibet, Uneoeii 
Rome, etc. 

In the Chriiitian Church Sunday pro- 
oeiaiona were inatitated by A«apetua in 
6Sft. 

Of St. Unrk, by Gftgny Om Orent, in 

590. 

Of the PnTiflftiop, \ff pope GelnanB, 

in 494. 

Of the Holy Sacrament, in iJit*. 
Prohibited in Italy in 1866. 

Tt> mwke a ttit of alj tt\\gS>^i' Yr>-wm.\an* would rt^dlre 
m 'IT ^ll•^•r U»»ii iTUi I* Itff ; -vrril Tl«e whole uibjfCt 

jiSi|Siifc iiiL*^ l^lli** ^'" '* *"* "* '* 

PuROATortv. Children, among the 
Jews, rt'cite for a yi-nr a prayer, called 
hivlti, for thf soul of a deoeaacd father. 
The MuaaulmanH toac-h there \h a phice 
called Araf, between |)nr»dise and hell. 
The do);nirt wa-n sufi^jested in 407 by St. 
Augnatiue. Inculcated bv Gregory the 
Great in M8. Received In England in 
690; but rejected in 1553. 

Rrlics (VcnerHtioQ of) introduced in 
the fourth century. Traffic in them for- 
bidden by Tlieodoret in SW. Vf-m-rutiou 
of relics condemned bv Vi^ilaiuiu.H about 
400-410. The Council of SaragoBaa in 
6»t enioined thai all relica ihonid be 
teeted >y fire, to ascertain if lliey are 

Inline. Spurious relics umnufacturetl 
before (l(>0. Veneration of theui enjoined 
by the Council of Trent, Dec. 25^ 1603. 
Imporuuioa into England prohibited in 

IGOtJ. 

RooATtov Days intnNltioed 
Mamercoaf bishop of Vianne. in 474. 
Freocrrbed br the Council of Orleaat in 

611 ] t .1 l i .hed by UoIII. in 801. 

bAcHAilKNTH. 

Hapli.*m, ^^'lU. xxviit. 19. 
Confirmation introdiioed in IMu 



Eucharist, Matt. xxvi. 2A, etc 
Penance introduced in lb7. 
Order*, n > <i known. 
Marriage iiiatle a sacrament by 

Innocent III. In 1199. 
Extreme Unction common in 550. 
Decreed ti) be a sacrament by 
Kugenins IV.. at tiM CMiaeil of 
Florence, in 1439. 
Sacrament (Festival of the Holy) 
introduced in 1246* Cooftmied by 
Urban IV. in 1264. 

Sacbkd HsAftT OF jBsmi. This fes- 
tival wan introduced in 173>. 

*' SeRVUS SERVORUM," Jstvb; adopted 

by Grogoiy tba Great (590 ^04). 

Sir.K or THK Ckoss. (See Cross.) 

.St.vtionh. iuth^r tlic npots where a 
procession stojiyi to make certain prayer,*, 
or the time of its atopping. lu the Way 
of tiw Croes flien are fonrtetn rtatiMM. 
AUa t>-r ^vrrklv fastt of Wedocsday and 

Friday are t^o called* 
Statu Ks, even of Christ, unknown till 

G)o fifth century. 

Sunday appointed the Christian Bab« 
bath in 821. 

(Slriraiian OaMvBSaMyi. "HWotyOaw ast tamMi 
m with m linsto vott «r InSloiaou dnt SaiMUgr wm u 

wMwMcai ■<iBt«r CbubHsi to SLt 

Tiara. Hildcbrand (1(»7;J-1085) worea 
royal crown with this legcQdjCiiroiia regm 
dSf Monv DeL Boniface VIII. {1S94« 
1303) addeil a second crown, with the 
legend, Di(uk'rna im/^TK dc- rnanu Petti* 
John XXII., in 1314, added a third 
croim, to indicate tliat tlie po|»o 
sujjreuic : (l)iu spiritual power; (2» m 
temporal power ; (3) in ecclesiastical 
power both over the Church militant and 
the Church triumphant. 

(Or, a< •<>ai'< my. t» lndk-nt« niprrmai-r in IkS ttfSO 
paru oi tint wufU— E«tru|». Anl*. uui Atrtok") 

TRAxsunsTAXTiATioH declared to be 
a tenet of the Church In tiM Second 

Council r.f Nir-f, 7«7. 

Dwolatl bj lUtuuikM Maunu about 830; Iqr L*nfrHM 
ahMS MM. Umtt m^otam «l Ota Qmnik tu Urn ruet 
UO mm m OhmcU. mS; mi eMinn«t by Dm Couudl 
olTtmt,mL 

ViBOiv Mabt, first honoured in the 
flfth century. Prayers addresaed to her 

in r.n:l. Oflice of the Virgin enjoi n .! I x 
tlie Council of Clermont, in 1095, U> U: 
iseiled daily hy the clergy. 

(r«rlMMIi«r tta Tligto MMf. «t SC M. fi ttS 
Bw p«vMmI iHflal^ «M ateqr teMta aM4 

I 



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INSTRUMENTS OF TORTUBB. 



ARMRTrTARitTM. The only mention of 
this instrument of torture I have b«en 
able lo discover is bj Venn us and 
ptiwti of St. Stephen pope 



they nay, " He was hung on the arnifn* 
tariuni, but tlio crotoh brnke asunder, his 
bonds were anlooeed, and the toichet 
wbieh wov li^ttd to Im Ut Mm 
qncndiM.** ArimHiiM* !• • 




" herdsoiM,'* and annentarium the peg, 
pin, or eroleh, on which he hang* the 



was drawn op by ropeti fitslencd rounu 
his and hands, till his feci were 

collars, yokes, and Iieavy hnmesa of the 1 off the fn'<^"n<I, and then his sides were 
•sen UMd in ploughing. Christantianus i singed with lighted torches. Primus waa 



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INSTRUMENTS OF TORTURE. 



xU 



** faourttd by pulleys " to some such pro- 
jectiog beamB, and burned with torches 
also. After he liad hung awhile, he was 
lei down, and nollea iMd povicd down 
his thrtmi. 

Probably. Inftcw) of torchM. a flir wouM be mmetioiM 
Ito ta^^MMirt o( MMiM to itfll MwrM 

Bastixaik). Accopdinp to BaroninB, 
the bMtinado was performed thus by the 
Rmmum : The triboiM first tondHM the 
rietim with hin baton, and if be wss a 
free man, all the soldiers in the camp ran 
apon him with staTee and ntonen, benting 
ki», for the HKMt put. tUl he fell dead. . 
If fln vhslliii wM ft dew, ttM eoldien 
used leaded knouts or flagra (p. xliv.) in- 
stead of sticks. No one was suffered to 
live in Rome after \mnii Iwstinadocd ; so 
thnt if perchance he survived the poailh- 
ment, he was outlawed. 

Boots. Thin instmment of torture 
gniMiiteri <rf * P**' ol iron booli, into 
wlibdh the ten of tte vietin were thrust 

up to the KnppH. Iron M'Pfli^ri* were 
looeiely inserted between the Icga and the 
walls of tiie boots. A qaettion was then 
•eked the victim ; and if not answered 
Wtisfactorily, two inquisitors (one to 
boel) drove home with a sledge- 
hammer one of tiie iron wedges. Agiin 
the question was put, and if the anflwer 
was Htill unsatisfactory, another wnlj^'e 
was driven into each boot ; and this was 
repeeled, till lStt% legs of the victim were 
crushed to a pulp. Dr. John Fian of 
baltpana, near Edinburgh, was thus infa- 
mously toftnred in the tf i^'n of James 
I. (Set p. 842.) Bishop bumet, in 
the ffi$tory oj^ his Own fime$^ and sir 
Walter Scott, in hiw Old Jtortality, s[)eak 
of this instrament of torture. Some- 
tioace flie boots were made of wood 
ftostead of iron. Bi«1iopi l?umrt speaks 
ef a case (it was a lad in Urkni-y, IbW)) 
In which fifty-seven wedges were struck 
hone. In 1583 queen Kri7al>eth ordered 
Father Bolt, a Jesuit, to be ' put to the 
boots." 

8t> Seigiaa was tortured by boots 
■tadded wm tharp spikee, Mid OMde 
to run is ttMBi hMMA th* enpoor's 
ehariot. 

Bnix'i Bids. In this torture the 
victim, being enclosed in a fresh ball's 
hide, was placed in the blazing sun, when 
the hide gradnally shrank, otitTened, and 
■ qmmd the victim to death. (See St. 
CiniMimTs. p. 403.) 

BcR.f ixo Mktal. Helmets of r^d-hot 
beti er bnwe were sometimes placed on 



the head of victims. This was a torture 
to which Savinian was subjected (p. 408). 
St. Thomas had plates of burning metal 
Uiid on his naked body (p. 408). Every 
one will remember the lines at the close 
of Goldsmith's Travel Irr : "Luke's iron 
crown, and Damien's bed of steel." The 
former was Lake Do«, the Bnngarian 
traitor, who was forced into a chair of red- 
hot iron fur a throne, and then crowned 
with a burning metal crown. The eari 
of Athol, one of the murderers of James 
I. of Scotland, was also put to death with 
a red-hot iron crown. Francisca says 
usurers in hell are stretched on taUes of 
led-bot brass (p. 412). 




It WM not 

■nbjMteil U> the puaMHawl 
referred to by GoMaaMfe. 
Zrck the Hunmrlaa mi 
rtndUuIr tortuml. fW 
**b«l of tutti,' tm 
CATAirrA. 

Caltrop. The 
caltrop was an in> 

strument with four 
iron points, three of 
tiwm, disposed in a triangular form, being 
on the ground, the fourth pointed up- 
wards. Used in war to lame the feet of 
an enem/'a cavalry. 

Catakta, or Iron Bko. Thecatast* 
was an iron bedstead, not of one sheet of 
nietAl, but with cross-hars like a irrid- 
iron. Under the bedstead fires in brasiers 
were placed, and the Tietiai wat roasted 
alive. 

Ciikvalkt, orEQlT'LEUS. The chevalct 
was n kind of gibbet, furnished with 
screws and pulleys for racking the victim 
bv streUrhing each individnallimb. The 
victim was fastened by the hair to the 
uppermost beam, and the whole body 
tightlv boond in a bent eoodition to the 
( lun alct. Ho was thus raised on a sort of 
gibbet, and was wholly unable to move 
hand, foot, or head ; and every limb was 
racked. In order ptill further to intensify 
the agony, a tire held in a brasier was 
set under each of the feet. St. Jerome 
speaks of this instrument of torturo 
(Zettgr 49), « Crises legvntttr ad stipitem, 
et toto corpore ad equuleum fortius nlH- 
gato, vicious ()edibus ignis apponitur, 
utrumque latus camifex fodit." So that 
while the victim was thus tortured, "the 
executioner kept digging into the sides of 
the sufferer." Annninnus Marcellinuj 
(bk. xviii.) says, "Quananam incorvas 
sub e<^uuleo staret, [>erttnael negabat 
in.«*tanlui." So that it appears the head 
was poked forward as it would be in the 



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insTRUifEirrs of torture. 



pillory, but was held in its poaition by 
the hair. 

CouJMBAB. Columbar, i.e. the pigeon- 
fco l m , WM a pillory with three holeii one 




for the Deck and two for the hands. The 
Greek pillor>' had five holes, one for the 
neck, two for the hudi, and two for the 
feet. It WM caned tiie Pentesuringos 

Fiuicuujc. The fidiculas were pro- 
bably iron hooka, with which the body of 
a ▼ictim suspended on a diavalet waa 
torn and lacerated. 

FomK, or PATimrLiTM. The patibalatn 

fwaeaninstniment sha|ied 
like a fork or •< placed 
round the neck of 8la\ i>s 
and chmioalB of low de- 
gree. The two hande 
were hotind fast to the 
proufis, and tlie patilmla- 
tiis was flogged through 
the streets to the place of 
execution. *' Patihuhim 
appenBOH ptatim cxuni- 
mat, crux autem saffixos 
din cmeiat." — Isidore. 

The Furca /(/Tuymijiin^j wan ti!«od for 
■mall offences, and consisted simply in 
carr^'ing the fuica, flMrt or leet weighted, 
about the city. 

The fStrea Pemalis was a much more 
ncvore punishment, ns in this case the 
" (MUibnlatus" or " furcatos" was whipped 
foand eone elated place, while hia hands 
were bouml to tho ft irk. 

The Furm C.ipitaiis was having the 
hande fastened to Iho fork, and bang 
•coorged to death. 

UuRi>LB (in Latin, *' Crates"). The 
hardle was not unlike oar hurdlee. The 



victim was laid on bin back on the ground 
under a hurdle, and stooet were piled 
thereon, till the sttffeccr wac giadaaUir 
crushed to death. 

Ikon ViRoi.N i. The). A hollow w oodea 
figure, reprcaentiiig a woman of Bavaria. 
If opwed like a cupboard, and the front 
of it was studded with long sharp spikes. 
The victim was placed in the figure, and 
then the front or lid was frmduallyeleeed 
upon him. The spikes were so Rrrnntjed 
as to pierce the t yes and least vital parts; 
but when quite closed the victim was 
craehed, and liogeredinhonible torture till 
actual agony enaueted hie vital powers. 

KontLA. Two boards, one above tlie 
other; the head of the victim being bound 
lo the higher board, the feet to the lower 
one, and the hands made to embrace tho 
kobila by l>ond9. The bare back of the 
sufferer is thus hollowed, and in this stata 
thepablicMOurger adminietered 101 lashes, 
nnleeo the victim died before the comple> 
ment of blows hail l^eengiTin* (Sae St« 

AUDALDt'8, p. 403.) 

Nbrvus, the etoeka, a wooden ftana 

in which the fe« t of slaves were thrust 
and fastened. Like the compedes, it was 
sometimes made to move lO M to stretdi 
the l^s further and further ■parl| till tha 
thighs were out of joint. 




Also an ofdlnaiy ctocke fox the head 
and hands. 

TiiK Qi'KSTiON. The instrument called 
the question " was an iron frame with 
ban ae sharp as eeyttics runoing mrms it { 
and undemtnth it a fire was Iftfi^lf^, 
which made the metal red-hot. ^ 
Bxaminarton by any sort e< toitmf was 



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INSTRUMENIS OF TORTURE. 



xltti 



caUad " examinatioa by the qnestion ; " 
■ad to be pot to "the qnertion/* means 

to be put to torture for the purpose of 
•xtortinf? evideooe from an anwilling wit- 
MM, of foreiaf a eenHaMioa of f^iilt, or of 
OompelIin{^ a person to vinsay somothinj;. 

Rachknteoes. This instrument of 
torture was fastened to a btmm, and had 
• sharp iron to go about a man's neck and 
thriNit, io tfiat be coold in no wise sit, or 
lie. or »]»ep, withovft hfring the entire 
weig^ht of the iron. 

Rack. There were greet Tariettes of 

racks, the nmst common hcin;^ the hnri- 
lontai rack, the vertical rack, and the 
roller rack. 

(1) The firat of these is the ordinary 
nek, made familfair to as by the Inquisi- 
tion. It consisted of an oblong hori/ontjil 
frame, on which the accosed was stretched, 
trikile eoids, attached to the lege and 
arms, were f^radually strained by a lever 
or windloHs. The wrists sod ankles 
were generally dislocated, aoiMliBee Um 
shoulders and thighs. 

(2) In the rerticsl rack the sufferer 
was raised to an u[)per lieam, by a rope 

Csed under his arms, bound behind his 
k. Being thus raised, heavy stones 
were attachetl to his feet, and then the 
hoisting ropv bein^ suddenly loosened, 
the victim fell with a jerk to witiiin • 
few inches of the earth. 

(3) The rtiller rack was a rack with a 
roller charged with spikes, over which the 
sufferer was drawn backwards and fot- 



SrABin DoarKBT(in lUlian, ''Cava- 

Ictto"). This was 
A wooden ma> 

cliine of torture, 
which was a 
species of impale- 
ment. The vic- 
tim was made to 
sit on a sharp- 
pointed conical 
box, and in order 
to give weight to 
his body, and 
force the point of 
the seat further 
in, heavy weights 
were attnched to 
the bands and 
feet of the mf- 
f<rer. Notanfrc- 
(^uently fires were 
lighted underUie 
feet to increase 
Hm agony, and eometimes the skin was 




lacerated with iron hook^ or curri'combs. 
One of these implements is still nhown in 
the old forti Ileal lona of Nuremberg castle. 

Stkaddlu (in i^tin, Gompedes"}. 
Straddlea were two hlocha of wood set in 
a frame. Each block opened like ntucks 
to admit one of the victim's feet, and 
when shot the feet were fast and astride. 
In some cases the lildcks moved gradually 
further and furtlier apart till the thighs 
were out of joint. 

In hi< twrathrnm ronjiett 

Tniv'iilentiu hoftli nwrt) r«i% 

I.lgiiU que plAHUa inaerit 

rntanraUa cruribm. 
Ttutt U. " In ihli Hungviin thp trunilrnt mean OMt tilS 
Iiuutrr. and act Iml Iti wixxlrii >tra<ldleirM iMgfaf 
bei ii( lUvtcbcd ajundtr ." i 8m N kk v t s . | 

Thumbscrew. The thumbscrew was 
mieh need by the Inqoiaition in Spain. 




The thumbs were placet! in the parts 
marked A A, and the screw was turned. 

Whkbl. The troches was a (ireek 
instmment of torture. We read of Ixion, 
in hell, being chained hand and foot by 
Hermes to a wheel, which rolled inces- 
santly in the air of the lower regions ; but 
the ordinary torture-wheel had six spokes, 
into which the head, arms, and legs 
were interlaced and bound. The wheel 
WAS then whirled round with great rapi. 
dity, till the Tictim lost either conscious- 
ness or life. 

The Qtt/ierine Wheel was a much more 
com plex machine, d'.rlsed by M aximinne 
II. for the torture of St. Catherine nf 
Ale.xandria. The limbs were interlaced 
between the spokes as in the Greek tro- 
ches, but AS the wheel revolved, it was 
met by several other wheels turning in 
iliflFertnt directions, some having keen 
sharp edges like razors, some teeth like 
saws, seme fish-books or graters. These 
several wheels played on the l<u]y in 
turnn, cutting it, sawing it, tearing it 
with hooks, grating the fresh WOandSi 

anri laoeriitini: the flesh itt Wttf 

cetvable manner. 



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INSTRUMENTS OF TORTURE. 



Whits and Scouroks ; Soorpiow, etc. 
No. ! IB a Bcourge called in I^tin 
'*»^niiii." U «0BM(«4 «f » abort 




1lMidl«, to whicli WM atUchod three or 
more short chauw, haviQg knota of motel 
at the end. 

No. *2 is a whip composed of three or 
man loqg kabca of ox-hide, with boUeto 



of leHti fasiorK'd to them. Called io Frendl 
latuerrs pimnlmt$. The scorpion men- 
tiotieii by Keliohoani (1 AVri'/s xii. 11) 
wait a whip with leather thongs set with 
sharp iron MHite or Molti «»Uod ilk UMb 
Aonibitit, 

Mfrr. Gtdna Ml* m M» ««tati»ra 

plonilx^e" IM the Kust*ian knout^ which A. 
de Lamothe, in his Mariura of Siberia (eh. 
xii.), describes thus: "Le kntmt est ooo 
longue et ^troite lani^re, recuite dans une 
esp^e d'essence, et fortenient enduite de 
limaille m^tallique. Ainsi pr^par^, la 
laaiire aoqniart ona dimtrf at una paaaiH 
tear «xtr&maa. Maia avant qvVlla ne aa 

i! 1 1 ri i on a Ic soin de rt [ lit r siir cux- 
moinea les bords, amincis a desseia, et 
qui formcnt de ealte fa^n une rainara 
fliins tout<^ In InnjriiPTir dc In courroit. 
tcrinin e par un petit crochet do fer. Si 
le bourreati aait too ni<ftier« Ic so)^)!!^ 
(M^rd connaisaanoe an tioiaitina ooopi at 
expire apr^s le cinqnitoie." The faa d ar 
will iosUntlj Bee that tht loMNrt ii « 
modification of No. 2. 

tUnMCttnc tiM Korptnni. M«r. OoArin Mjn Irol. f1. 
p. Bafe "lit llalinUM >Mlnn>Mii*id«BwuSiLtMi*i 
par la boat d« crodieta dt br. Ill naapataM tm m 4m 



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PART I. 

MIRACLES OF THE SAINTS* 

ANALOQOVS TO 

SCRIPTURE MIRACLES OR SECULAR STORIES 



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DICTIONARY OF MIRACLES. 



AtaeoB^ Bod heoomm « B«r> i 

pent. 

ExoD. Til. Aanm cast down bis rwi 

brfoiv PbAraob, and before hi- •<»>rvant«, iind It 
bH'iime » Mrpent. Tb« nuglcUiw of KfTTS 
Ui^T alr-o CMI 4Mni ««tiy MB Idi nd» mm 
UifY bec«iu« arrprtilii. 

KxoD. iv. 1-4. TlM Lonl laid umo Mosea, 
Willi to llMft lo UibM hand? And Mo.sct 
nUArod. Aiidth»T.«nlMM,CiitH onth« 
Srmind. And he cutt It oo tbe yrWMwl, ami to 
becjime a nerpent ; and Moaea fl«d flnm bvfMW ft, 
Aadthe I. Old faid unto .Moh«>», Put forth thitie 
band. &i>d uke U bj tbe UlL And be put 
forth hla baiid, aod CWlM tl,ill< U baauM a 
lod Id bia band. 

The ihutuj of a wh^ oonverted into a 
terpaxt (a.i>. 3<J3). St. IVlerin concealed 
himaelf near a fomitain} when, being dia- 
tmtnA Vf tfct Intanniaaa, ha waa wada 

a caittive. As be did not go along futt 
aoou{i;b fur tbeir liking, one of tbem lifted 
up bu whip to strike hiro, but the thong 
of tbe whip instantly Blip(>cd from the 
handle, turned into a 8er))entf and fled 
to the fountain, where it waa aoon Ifiat to 
•ight in the fiaiurea of a rock. 

r. Mialrt. car« of Bovlv. vrttlnc to 1l«r. CrtNntor. 
tlM aiaiiil or Mmn (Ai«. U. A.b MS7L *' U Mt 
•B tWt ewaUnt «t wtM qiii m dolt iataer miciiii douta 
mm la vMU «!• fooat tr»i>«furiti# »ii larprnt" In pconf 
o< ih-.i Hit vicv-^nrnd tA'U Ih- rr i.«a fanUiy In EntrBina. 
d<-«ct>n<led fr'in the trrjr iiian »!">«<• wli((> wiu itvau^'cd 
bilo a trrvrnt. and aQ lli« invtii>>rri of i)ii< f.iniili fr iii 
Ut/U Uaw to Uils iaca-18$7) " pwrteiit wir Itrur r>H|M la 

SMMdHCfto»dpfcyraiw<lmi«'aiMrdlra no Mrpaal 
M aalaea.' Ba Ihrd i M B i a ia aM^ Hm *«ry nam* of 
rainti; b a tWing prnot of tlie fart, or ratktar 1 tliMild 
■it of the miriK >ua«d »l>'>Te. 

Tb« Clir* of IV>ihf vrry |irMl!i«rl)r, but Mill It 

W Hiltl h«»* horn ni"r^ viti-f ir!nri it \,r I, i,l i, I.| n- 'i.,w 
baouua '^ii^^^iji^' *^ <'**<*^^|^'"^ Intaranian 

Abraham promiaed a Seed. 

Ota. XV. 1-5. Tlie Word ufthe Ixrd came to 
lbr<iOi In a mion. aaying, 'Kc r iiut, Aliram: 
I uiu tbj ibkld, and thy ekC«ediDg grt-at w- 
«vd. • • • Aad £Qm brangbi bin fartb 



abroad, and said. Ix)ak MW towards beaVM 
and tell the atain, if thea bi dile lo otuabv 
them; aod Ha CM Im^) mU. 8a ikaU Ibr 

seed be. 

St. Eii(femhu, tMot of Omdat (fifth 
castor^). At iha aga of aix yean God 
i»me IS ft viaion to Et^gmdna, aa ha aait 
at the door of hfa hooie, fkefng tfie CMt» 

An>i till I.i»r<l, pointing to th. !*ky, toldtha 
lad to count tbe stars if he wu able, and 
then added, So idiaU thj seed be." God 
then tmrolled bffnr*' the child the map of 
Uie future, and showed him a awarm of 
diaciplea. WbUe Eugandna W Hill 
gazing with wonder on the innnmerable 
CTowa, the httavens opened, and a Udder 
like tbnt which Jacob saw, was let down 
to earth, aod aagela appeared to bt 
aaeeadhig and dcaecnding tberahjr, and 
ever ns they mo%'ed thoy snn;^, " T am the 
way, the truth, and the life." This vision 
the child told to the very person who 
wrote \\\* life, and who took down these 
words from ihc mouth of Kugondus him- 
self. Thi« ia the disciple which testitieth 
of theae thingii nod wrote thcae things 
and he knowa that Ma teatinKmy ia tm«. 

— Pr.i^'iimriu!i, a disciple of St. Kii^rendtis. 
See ahio Live$ oj' the Samt* of Franche' 
Comte^ hy the profeaion of the co ll age 
of St. F. Xavier of Hcsancon. 
Thto prapbacjr doaa not Mam to twra baan rarj nil*. 

faciMiiir ftiiBUaa iinMiain 4M A.B. ua A vUlai* 

iraw op around tho Monaatanr, and fai tha Mtoviag een« 
tury racMTcd Um nama vT St. Ckuida. Tba naina at 
EuxcihIu* dooi not ai'|<ear to Itaira iurvttad. and a duutd 
matt vbrth<Y It w:t» KtiftriKlu* or Oxcndus. Tba atiliejr 
»M at (Mie Uiiic fnii»>u>. tNit now tha inh*Mtiiiita of hi. 
('Iaii<Ic do nut rviKli llM. Tlie rhirt indiutiy of Ui« 
pco)>le i\ tlia utaiiuUcttire >'f di.i 'k, an<l 

Abraham offerix^ m;> JtUa Son 
Isaao. 

G) X. xxil. Abraham, at the coiunund of 
0<a1, l.kid his unly H>i\, I*t<)uc, u|h^ii tlie altar, 
which ho had made, IntviKling to ( H- r Imn up 
In (tacriflcc to Jeho»ab, utien bia hand was 
atayitJ by a voice fVoin beaven : Abrabtm, 
ihrabam, tor *hr iMod nsao itoi tod. 



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4 



AHaB— ANANIAS AND SAPPHTRA. 



LPr. I. 



neiUier do tbou anything unto biui, f<>r now 
1 know th«t tbou franf4 Hod. And Abrabara 
Mw • mm oMiii^l in • tbtcket by Uie bo^l^ 
•nd IM tOkni It up M ft battit-offering inMctd ^ 
of bis Mtn. 

Agamemnon offeniuf up his dawjlttcr 
JphA^ienia. When the Grecian fleet, on 
its way to Tmy, was detained at Auli* by 
adverse winds, Affuineinnon waa coni- 
niandcd by the [iropln-t Culchjis t<> a|ii>ea*c 
the wrath' ol Diana by offering t<> her in 
aacrifice bit only daogbter, Iphigenin. 
The (Lmiscl wns bound to \\\v altar, nnd 
CalcliHs bad made ready the knitc, whea 
the damsel was Hpirited away by Diana 
hersolf ; nnd Cali fin!^, seeing a took 
and oiTered it up in sacrifice, in lieu uf 
the kii^tdui^ter.— Enripidea, (pAi^feiUa 
M Autii, 

K«t nnllk« to bim [Jeptithah] 
In follr. tltitt sri^t hero ol Um QrMk^— 
M'hrncv <in the ultkr IpUjpola MNQMC 
Ucr virsin bcautr. 

Ahab covets ir»bot]i'0 Vine- 
yard. 

1 Krvoa xaL Nabotb the Jexreelite had a 
vlfmrard in JetreaU bart bv the palace of Ahab, 
ktnie of Samaria. And Abab leM to Kabotb. 

.< ri<' thy vineyard, that I muf ban H fur 
a gdnicn <jf hcrb^ becauM It I* near unto my 
hoii"^*', and I will fttvf ih'o fur il a t»tter vinc- 
V.trd. or Mill nlvf tine tlic wortli of it In raowy. 

NftVN.nli "-an! to Ai)ali. 1 lu' Lor.i fort'nl tlisl 
1 Hbuuld give unto tin p :b»' '.nncrit ttico of my 
fathers. Th^n Aliub went to b!s bou-f. li'nvy 
and dt«*)lea>wu, and l&td hira down ii|)ot) bl<v 
bed. and" turned away bbt face, and woubl l at do 
bread. When Jexeb^l dincovprfi the cau)«e of 
thU lU-bnmonr. 'be accuf«ed .Natxitb of treason, 
andbewttttonedtodeatb. Nabutb being doad. 
Abab look p cm we s hw of the rtneyanl. but 
kiijab mid to hhn, Heat then killed, and ali^ 
Ulcen posaemion ? Thus Mltb tbe Loi(l» lo the 
dopn luked tbe blood of Babolh, 
aball dogfl lick thy bioud, even tblue. 

empm» Eudoxia cwcta and takes 
po»)(fssioH of the vineijnrd of a u-ihur 
(about A.i>. 400). There was a law in 
ComftHitinoplc that if the emperr^r or 
empress set foot on a plot of ipvund, and 
took a fancy to it, the owner muat part 
with it at a valnai ion . jirovided the person 
who fancied it had partaken of it» produce. 
The empreM Endoxia one day went into 
the viniVfird helon^rinf: f" tin widow of 
Tlieogno&ti's, ijreatly adnnred the site, 
plucked a few f^rapes, and demanded to 
nave the vineyard, according to the hiw. 
St. Chrysosto'm interfered on thcwidow'a 
behalf, and Eudoxio forbadi tiit- aroli- 
biahop ever anain to set foot in the royal 
palace. Thellte of ♦•The Exaltation of 
the CrofH " wai c1h8<' at hand ; and when 
it arrived, the emperor ArcaUius and hia 



nobles entered Uie cathedral aa usual, and 
depart«d when the service was over. St. 
ChrysoFtoni nr.r.- r rd rtMi the doors to be 
closed and bolttU ; but jM.'arcely waa this 
done, when the empress Kudoxia, with 
her suite, came to the chiuvh and de- 
manded admiaaion. The doorkeeperi 
replii d, they had atrict injiinctinnB not to 
open the doora to any one; whereupon 
the empreaa ordamd one f»f her aoldien to 
l)ur«t till- doors open with his battle-axe. 
As ihe umn raised Ids arm to gi%'e the 
l<l<iw, it became paraly/cd, and the ax« 
fell to the K'r<'«nd. The empress, (H^eatly 
alarint-d, n lumed home, and St. Chrywoa- 
toui, ciiininfC oiit to tbe man, said, Let 
be, »utf er thua far \ " then, niukini( a tihort 
]trayer, he healed the wittiered arm. St. 
Chrysostom wa-i e\ilod for this offence. 
— Sl>crntc», EcdcuaUtcai JJistory, bk. vi. 
chap. 16. 

Ln,-retiu3 covct$ the vinejiard of St. 
Bcaince (a.d. aoO). Lticretiiis, deputy 
of Diocletian, coveted the vineyard of St. 
Beatrice* which be wanted to join to bia 
own landa, and he eontrired the matter 

thus : — lie summoned St. Beatrice to 
at>))car before him, and accut^ed her of 
bein(^ a Chriatiaa. Beatrice confeased 
lh<' (diarpTP, nnd Lucretius ordered her to 
pribou, where, during the night, she was 
secretly strangled. On the death of 
Beatrice, tjhe deputy toolt po a a eaa ion of 
the vineyard, and solemoixed the event 
by a pran<l feast; hut ^vli.ii the mirth 
was at the higheatj a woman cnlt;red the 
banquet-hall, with a child in her arms. 
The sucklin^' in t intly said, with a loud 
voice, whicii wsis heard by all the guests, 
^' Lucretius, thou haat put lieatrice to 
death, and taken possession of her vine- 
yard sinfully ; therefore, the devil thai! 
take jiosschhion of thee." 'Ibe words 
were no aooner uttered, than Lucretiiis 
began to roll hia eyes, and eontoit hia 
fare nmst liideou-lv 'I'hls continued for 
the epuce of ihn e huurii, and then he 
died.— Edward Kinesmaa (162S)»XjpiMq/ 
the .Splints (July 29). 

A anias and Sapphira. 

A<T<« v. !-!<». Ananias and l.lnwlff a 
powsslon, aii'i, k(*piiiK b.irk :i ] ii ' i 'be 
purchase price, Ananuk>« oBt red the re^t to tb« 
apo^tlea, pretending it >^a-■< tbe whole, "t. 
I'lUr said to bim, AiMniaf. why hath Satan 
tilled tbine heart to lie U> the Holy (Uiuot? 
While the pos e ee t lon leaaaioed, »aa tt not 
tbiiie own ? and after It waa sold, «aa It nut 
in tidne own power? AnantaA bearing tht e a 
wonU, f'^ll down, and (rave up the fllMMit. 
A 1^- : ' -'■■!•■< 1.. ur - .ifr. . i; f . ' .iTih- in ; and 
i'trUr a&kcU bcx u ibty baa tkjid ibc iuud for to 



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Pt. I.] 



ANGEL OF DEATH— ANGEL VISITANTS. 



6 



mmAi And Skppbtift MM, Tea, for ao mneh, 
FHer ttaen rejirgived btr, voA the alio Ml down 

Th£ arcJibi^hop of Bavcnna i$ 9trw:k 
daad for lying (a.D. llfiO). Hnntfrid, 
«rchlii-ho{) of Karenna, wa« a ni-tt 
abandoned prelate, living a licenlH'uu 
li e with harlots. He was anathfliiiatized 
h\ the pope in the Council of Verceil. 
The etTi|)er(jr ordered him to appear at 
Auiisburj;, to render up the prefermenta 
he had obUiDod by timony, md to make 
CMifeMioti of bis sina that h« mx^ht 
reeeive nbsoliition. As Huntfrid lay nt 
th« pope e feet, Leo IX. aaid to him, 
** May God give yovftlMolatioii according 
to the menyurc of your sincerity." '1 
archbishop now rose to his feet, wim a 
•mile of mockery ; whereupon the pope, 
in taara, aaid to those standing by, 
**Alas! this wretched man Im on the 
brink of the tjrare." The same day Hiinl- 
fnd was taken ill, and scarcely had he 
entered his palace at RareoDa, when he 
fell do^rn dead.— Wibort, Lif0Of8i» L»9 
/X, bk. n. chap. 7. 

The bishop of Sutri tried by false testi- 
9Umy to justify himself of 8imon<i, aw! f ll 
dead at the feet of pope t^eo IX. (a.d. 
1019). The bishop of Sutri beinj; ac- 
cused of simony, was arraigned by pope 
Leo IX., irifon ne denied the eliari^, and 
brought up false witnesses to ^;u|)[n>rT liis 
defence ; but at the very uiumeat of the 
lie, he fell down dead at the pope's feet, 
as Annnias fell at the feet of the apostle 
Fetcr. — VVibert, Life uj 81. Leo iA., bk. 
ii. cbap. 3. 

^NolAcr HMfcmce. Id the same risita- 
tioQ, pojw Leo IX. went to Blayence, 
where Sibichon, bishop of Spire, way 
Charged with simony, and for having 
broken his vow of celibaey. Sibiehon 
boldly denied the charges brought aji^inst 
him, and volunteered to purge himself 
by the ordeal of the body and blood of 
Qirist. In punishment of ''this sacri- 
lege," his jaw became paralyzed, and re- 
mained AO till be died. — Migne, IHctkmary 
of the (kinncih, vol. ii, col. 877. 

An^ci of P oth t^tftthing his 

Sword. 

1 duKm. MMl 14-37. S» tta Lart amt 
peHilsuce apon lamel. . . . And Qod sent an 
aafd to daairo y the people. . . . And David 
lifted up hiM ejres and nnw the angel of the 
Lonl MtandinKbetwetMi earth and h< av«>n, having 
1 drawn §-^ord In hU hand, strrt«hf>d out over 
JeniAAlf-tn. . . . And h*> !««id unti (Jtxl . . , 
L- t J i;y :iiinil, J pray i h be on inc. l)ut not 
•o Thy people. . . . Attd the l^ord eommandod 



jtejoDgrtiaDd bo put up bis awoid acain Into 

St. Gregory the Oreat and the 58. 
Anijeto. When Gregory the Grettt was 

consecrated pope, a terrible pestilence 

was devastatini^ Konie. Greijory forth- 
with organizedi a grand religious pro* 
cession, in feiwnmt of whidi was 

bornr n p-iintingof the "glorious Virgin," 
the work of St. Luke, still preserv^ in 
the oburdi of Smte mart Haggiore. As 

the procession moved on, a t!li^•k cloud 
of corrupt air was seen to fly before the 
painting, and angels were distinctly 
heard, singing, Regina Cmii latatx ; 
Allehtja I Pope Gregory, we an assun d, 
distinctly saw an an;^el above the easth; 
put up his bloody sword into its scab* 
oard ; and the castle, which before wm 
called the "M l'-^ Adriani," has ever 
since been called the St. Angelo."— - 
£dward Kinesam (1028), XiVCt </ 
Saints, p. 185. 

Angel VisitantB. 

Okk. xlji. 1-3. IM mlertaiiif tieo angdt. 
Tlii-rf cami.- two ang' N t«> Si;<l«)m il i'm ri ; and 
Ixt Mt in the gate i>t S<i(l>>in : and m-i uik the 
angi ls. n>v> up to uic. t them, . . . and ihey 
iurutxl in \\nu> hiui, ami entered bis bouse, and 
he made tlieni a le.>at. and dU bake uleaveDi^ 
tffcad. an<1 th' V did cat. 

<iK> xvul I V AbraKam enterWm ttr«t 
m»teU, Tbe I/>id appeared unto AbrafavH In 
the plalna of Mamre, as b» aa( la tbe taut duor 
In tbe beat of tlie day. And Abraham lift op 
bis eyei«. and, lo. tliiee men aloud by blm : and 
when he aaw th«»n>. he ran to meet (hem fram 
tbe tent door, and bowed hini!«elf toward the 
grcHimi, and said. ^^ly I^i d. it thkv I haw fuund 
favour ill thy sight fvi-^s not au.tr. . , . |/ t i 
littli-' water . . . fili'h>"<l. and vka."^h yont leot, 
aii>l rL»^t yi>ur.*t'lveH uiidtT iiie tree, and I will 
ft.'tch a iii'TScl of bnnd. sn l couifurt yt' ymir 
beitrts. Alter that ye sball (lasti on. ... An I 
be hasteniHi int> the tent onto Ssrah. and said. 
Make ready quickly three measurMof floe meal, 
knead it, and nuke cakeit upon the liearth. Aim! 
be ran unto the herd, and tetched a oiK tendar 
and good, and gave It ttoto [hiii] young man. who 
busted to dreM it. And Abraham took butter, 
and milk, and tbe calf dreiwed, and set tbem 
If r<>r> [ihe thre<> ari^'-l-]. urid dtood bjf then 
uij<lci the tree [»^ hik-] they did fat. 

.Ji i>o. xtil. 3 *n An angf-d .ip]! xred to 
Manual] and hi* wtt*-, atul proudsed tneui anon. 
Adu Manoab rriti pato<l th • h< av> nly viiiitant to 
wnit « bile a kid wan dret^aed : but tbe angel de- 
clined to eat anything, su Manoab offered tbe 
kid unto the Lord, and as the smoke of tt..,* 
burnt offering aacended towardi beavm. **lh« 
angel ascended also hi tbe flame of tbe Qre." 

An angel teaches St. Anthon;/ the Gn at 
how to m tke mats from palms (.\,r>. -i.M- 
;{.'■>•>). Ht'.*ides cultivating; liis garden, St. 
Anthony used to make mata. One day, 



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i 



Wag Tcry Inw spirited, bemiM hia 
maiHMtl u*tl» prpvent«d him from pMsing 

won time in liivirio contemplation, an 
•aKcl came to hitn, aad showed hiiu hntr 
to make mats frnm palm Icavw. The 
hcftvenly vwitant repeated his visit fre- 
quently, Mid snid on leaving;, Do this, 
and thou sh-ilt In- sjivoil." i'rnni th.-it d.-iy 
8t. Anthony did what the angel had 
tought Um lo do, and foond it easy to 
keep his heart witli God while hh hands 
were well employed. 60 true is it that 
useful toil 8tren(^en« the Ixxly and in- 
vigorate.^ the mind, but idleness ruins 
both.— i>s PetUs BoUamlUUt (1880), voL 
I. |»»dS9. 

As vtisMsr iMIVtt maa to «vfl wwa m Utmnt t A In Uw 
wl) aiiit Widto Ash • deril ■> whAlvrcr aliird man in 
<tae lijtbt w«]r vs> r>>tiiUrlrrr>l an ixiijrl. Th<- hksA tliAt 
iMDilhl SU Aiith' n> niAt-iiLtVLinK i< i>n ri iiii]il>' , hut 
fitmt^ lb« Omit. Ill liU Inal' i/urt \hV, li. gltm » tUU 
Itiorv •trikiiiK exami'le. He U)r«, "Two mikvU, In Um 
iDRn «( nro yovuf mcti. (bowed Si. Baiiedict tlw way tnm 
MMtSKto Mmit CMlM>.a4tilMM«f sWUwlMsa. 
■nOMlr two MtKrli rihM at AUi«oail< In Iwilgki 
ftomboM." (g(« WAiKi.to o;i THK SiA ) 

chant to 8L Jamttitit (a.d. 107). 
BiMtUM of Ommm, 8oeFnM«, an4 Btto- 

Dius all say that St. I(rnatia5 c.«ttaMi!«hed 
the custom of chnntin); the Psalui.s anti- 
onally, and that the ide.i vras supfjested 
him by two choirs of angels which 
appeared to him when he was bishop of 
Aotioch, and in thi« manner chanted the 
pMum of the Holy Tnnity. Ignatius 
mM tbeChnreh militnt on eortti ought to 
imitate tho <'luirch triumphant in heaven, 
and accordingly he introduced the singing 
in his church by altenuilo eboirs. In 
Christian art tlu' saint is represented with 
a harp, listenin'^ to angels on each hide of 
him, singinf^ antiphonally. 

A»g«l$ vt$it St, Martuu Angels used 
to visit St. Msrtin m guests, and hold 
familiar oi»nver>e witJi him. One day 
two of his disciples heard conrersation 
going on in St. Martin's cell, although 
they wfll knew no living being could 
jK.spibly be there with him. When the 
monks met at night as nsual, th? two 
disciples beggsd weir snpsnoc to inform 
them who it was hs bad been talking 
with, and he saiil lie w ould do so, if they 
would promise oo their part to tell no 
MM what he was about to reveal. This 
I hey readily agreed to do, and St. Martin 
lold them he had recei7cd a visit in 
Us csll from the Mother uf God, St. 
Atrnes, and St. Thecla. He furthermore 
•aid that sometimes St. Peter and St. 
I'aul vouchsafed to be his guests. — Sttl- 
piciii-^ Si \ cru.'<, Life of S*. Martin, 
W««n MtM lo Um .Asm awM«MW<« CSsBm*^ toL L 



[Pr. I 

Juttc A Uut Urmtumt, tbm ncimm at Moaot LtbM. immI 
to tuierUiu auacto tA.». UBIU 

Jr.vif Cfiri'st and Hia anrjrls consecr>tt<. 
t.'i<' inuwisterif of Meinrad (Sept. 14, A.i>. 
!;m.h). The following is rsotunted in the 
bull of coafirmation br Las YIII., and 
has been corroborated hf soeeeeding 
|K)ntiH» frnm l.*o VIII. to I>eo XIII.; 
so that no [liomanl Catholic can doubt 
ito axaet •'histsrie tnrth.'* Bboihaid 
built a chnrdi and mona>terv' on ^Totmt 
Etxel, in honour of St. Mcinrad, and de« 
dicatcd it to the Virgin. On Sept. 14, 
A.D. 948, Conrad, bishop of Constance, 
came i) consecrate it, accompanied by the 
hi.Hhop of Augsburg and a large num- 
ber of pilgrims. At midnight preceding 
the 14th, as Coarad, tht mmks, and pit. 
grims were at prayer in the n«)ctume, all 
of a sudden the dead silence was broken 
by a fiweet melody. Onfaisnig his eye.<*, 
the bishop of ConRtAnce saw a choir of 
angels, and noticed Uiat they chantcti the 
very psalms and hymns set down for the 
morrow. Jesus Chnst. arcaysd in Tiolet| 
then appeared, and cstebmted the Dedi- 
catory otlice. Ueside him were St. Peter, 
St. Gregory, St. Augustine, St. Stephen, 
and St. Laurentius. In Croat of As altar 
sat the " Queen of Heaven on a throne 
of light." The angel choir continued 
singing, but modifii^ the Semetua thus : 
*' O God, whose holiness is rsrsalsd in ths 
sanctuary of the glorious Virgin Mary, 
have mercy on us I Blessed be the Son of 
Mary, v u has oome down hither, and 
lives for ever and erer.** In the Aqnuk 

Iki they tlirice rey)eated : "OLamb of 
God, who hast mercy on those that believe 
in I hee, have mercy upon as! O Lamb of 
God, who hast pity on sinners who belicvs 
and hope, hare mercy upon us ! O Lamb 
of God, who givest peace to the liring 
and the dead, who reign with Thee ever* 
lastingly, grant us Thy t>eace I " Jssu 
Christ then said, " Peace be with you," 
and the angeU responded, " The Saviour 
is borne on the wings of the Seraphim ; 
the Saviour descends to the depths of the 
abyss." Before this service was over, the 
time appointed for the consecration u .13 
fully come, and the crowd without bscams 
impatient, wondering why the doors wara 
not thrown open. At length one went, 
and told them the reason. The church 
was soon filled, expecting the ssnrioe to 
begin, but a mysterious voice repeated 
thrice these words: "Forbear, forbear! 
the church has been consecrated already." 
All fell to ths gnwad 00 hsanng tbsss 
words, ar4 Irit Msand that ths ehacoli 



ANGEL VISITANTS TO IGNATIUS-HKUntAD. 



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Fr. 1.) A1I0SL8 C ABRT SOITLS TO PARAmSB. 



f 



ted indeed been consecrated by Cbri«t 
and his ad^eU. Conrad, bisbop of Con- 
•taoce, who himaelf witaeaMd (hit 
nony, recorded it ia writing. The calen- 
dara of Einsiedelo, which go back to the 
nmotest ages of the Christian Church, 
TCcord tbe same on the 14th of September, 
called ''The Miraculous Consecration ; 
and the service appointed for that day is 
•nnoallj performed with great nolemnitv 
and pomp. Thepeoplecall the fete En^jel- 
MiiW (the Angelic Consecration). Sixteen 
years afterwards, the bishop of Constnnce, 
ihf hiahop of Aitgahnig. and a host of 
liiiaeet bolh kjr and wdtaiMlle, aoeom- 
panyin^ the emperor Otto and his empress 
Adelniiie tu Home, were present while the 
a()ove narrative was repeated to pope Leo 
VIII. Tbey all gave their attestations 
in writing, and the pope issued a bull 
pa the subject, beginning thus: "We, 
L«o ... make known to all the faithful, 
wnr uA to oome, tiiat oar renmble 
brother Conrad, bisbop of Constance, has 
sworn to u« in the presence of our dear 
aon the emperor Otto and of the empress 
Adelaide, and many of the hi^'h princes 
of the land, that on the 14th of September, 
A.i>. 948, he went tO tht htmitllge of 
Meinrad, for the pnrpoae of consecrating 
a ehnrdi dedicated to the incomparable 
Mother of (Jod, always a virg^in." . . . 
Then follows rerbatini what has been 
•InHdr redted ; aodt In eooclaaioo. tbe 
pope Torliiils any bishop from that day 
forth for ever to consecrate the church, 
IhiH consecrated by Jeans Christ and his 
angels. The pilgrims and ccclcsiasticf 
present at the miraculous coni<ccration," 
spread abroad the news on their return to 
their rcaoMttva abodes, and the fame of 
MdnnMl'i hermitage drew pilgrims to tiie 
ppot from every part of the Christian 
world. It would far exceed the limits of 
this book to set down all the miracles said 
to have been performed at this hermitage, 
but it must not be omitted that the 
thousandth aoni versary <WMI adablfd on 
March 9tb, IH^l, when many miracles, 
attested by the best possible authority, 
were i)crfi>ruicd. (See Hi.indnkss, a.i>. 
1643 : PAAAkYMi, I860 J Halt, 18(il.) 
<— R. P. Dom Qiarlec Braades, Life of St. 
Mcinrad (copied by !Mgr. Gu<<rin in his 
r^tU* Botlandistes, vol. i. pp. 524-626). 

m m IndltpnUhl* "ImC" Th« didianasty ot Albu 
WMtr CAunol be better ihuvn th«n hy hi« •ritlrc omUwiun 
«f mt •B-linpon«nt a Miit •< Mrviriul ; kihI hti entire 
lUenre •boal the " Mlr««-iil<jiis C<itif«ntl>oti." Eri-n 
IlKfctil-Oimy. Vte fitw the Ufa U Melurad. u litr 



aort enct ibaa BHtlar. omlti thl« liB{M9rt«iU event ato> 
icether. 

Angela carry Soula to Pw» 
dlae. (Sea Sotnu or Uax.) 

Lmn svL n. f t cams to pass that tbe 
befgar died, and was cinM bf latm 
Abraham's boaom. 

The soul of St. Barbara carried by 
awjeta into /tfaven. St. Barbara waa 
bcfaeadad bjr her own father, and as her 
head fell ' to the ground her soul was 
carried hy an^'fls into Abraham's bosom. 
—Peter Galesinus, ApoUuiic J^rottmutaru, 

A. fhuttKmu ana iwo othenearritdbif 
an>j0l$ to paradise (a.d. 259). St. Fruc- 
tuosua and his two deacons, Augurius 
and Ealagius, were burnt to dcatti b]r 
the command of Gallienus, in Tarragon. 
Babylas and Mygdonius, domestics of 
the governor, and also the daugliter of 
£miiian the govcraor, affirm that they 
distinctly aaw the three martjm ascend- 
ing to heaven, escorted by a host of 
angels carrying crowns. Emilian could 
■ee aothiag of the kiad, although hit . 
attention was directed to the sp)ot ov hie 
daughter. "11 ne vit rien, son infidelity 
Ten rendant indigne." — Lea Peiita Bol» 
iandiatea (7th edit. 1880), vol. i. p. 605. 

7%« sou/ of St, Paul the hermit corned 
b;/ an/rls to p<iriuit$c (a.d. 341). St. 
Antony left SU Paul the hermit to fetch 
a cloak ; aad on hb retnrn, law amidit a 
host of angels, prophets, and apostles, 
the spirit of the hermit, shining like the 
sun and white as driven snow, buoyed 
upwards, till the clouds received it out 
of sight. St. Antony, who was over 
ninetv years of age, used to till h >w he 
ran the rest of Uie way, or "father flew 
as a bird,'* and entering the bermiVe cave 
saw there the lifeless h^nW. lie wrapped 
it in the cloak, and would have buried it, 
but had no spade. Man's extremity ia 
God's opportunity, for while Antony was 

ftondering the matter over in bis mind, 
o ! two lions came running to the cave. 
Antony trembled with fear, but the wild 
beasts showed by unmistakable signs that 
thev meant him no harm. They went to 
look at the dead body, and then retreated 
to a email dtotaaee, aad fMroceeded to 
scratch a deep hole in the earth. When 
the hole was lai^^e enough and deep 
enongh for a grave, the industrious beasts, 
twistinf^ their tails around the dead body, 
carried it to the hole, and covered it with 
earth. Ilaving flnished Uieir task, they 
went mournfully to St. Antony, lioke'd 
his hands and feet| and lowered tfaair 



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8 



ANGKL8 BATE CBAH6B OF SAINTS. 



heJidi for m blessing. Antony gave them 
a blc^in^, and the lions slowly and 
mournfully returiKiU to tbeir forest Mir. — 
81. Jerome, Vita & PmOL ErtmUm^ a.d. 

TTi« executioner mw soul of Peter 
the exorcist carried up to heaven. When 
St. Peter the exorcist and St. MaroflH- 
nus were beheaded, the executiootr de- 
clared be saw their moIs, arrayed ia 
-Hhito, borne np to heaven by the' hands 
of angels. — Archbishop Ado, Martyr- 

Th€ wU of St, SMard carried to heaven 
ly A. FeUfT and ». Paul (a.d. <W7). A 

sa niort jr.<*. St. Siviard], un dcs fr^^e^ 
vit sa saintc iinic, totite briliante de lu- 
niteei entre len princes des apotrcs, St. 
Pierre et St. Pn.l. ((ni la condiiisuient 
au ciel. — La J'ctUs i)uiuindkteSf vol. iii. 
p. 89. 

8L TUtu carried at death 6v an^jels to 
MTodSte. When St. Titus died, Potcr de 
X^atalibiis telb us "!]<■ saw an^ 1- I *- 
Bcend from heaven in a fclorious train to 
fetch home his immoftu eeol, end the 
face of the dead saint was radiant nt their 
approach." The body of St. Titua wa» 
kept for a time in the eathedral of Gor- 
tyna, but is rovr «mnn{» the " sacred 
treasures" of St. Mark's, in Venice. — 
Baring-Gould, AtMf of tkt 3aatt$t vol. L 
p. 56. 

Angels, in the form of butterflies, carry 
the soul of .St. Vincent 'J-'err,, r p<ir,i,lis<: 
(a.1*. 141.9). At the moment of the 
oeeeeee of St. Yincent Ferrier, tiie win- 
dor a of his chamber flew Mj>*-n of their 
own accord, and a crowd of winf^ 
creatiiro.H, no biujrer than biitterfliefi, verj- 
beeuUful and |>urely white, tilled the 
whole house. As the saint pave his last 
Bi^:ri, tliese win^red creuturrs .«iid(h>nly 
di»ap[)eared, leavios bebiod them ao 
exquisite perfume. Every one was eon* 
rinccd they wore angels, who 1 come 
to carry in triumjth the soul of the tiaint 
to the paradise of God.— Z4» £*«titi Bei- 
lamdi»te$, vol. iv. p. ^0. 

Angels entertaiied unawares. 

Bee. xlil. a. Re iwi IbrfetAil to entcctain 
ebtthCBie : Ibr theralgf ei»M heve eniertelued 
aoRels enawsTML 

«<iai. xvlll. S-3S. AbnlMiii In the pUins of 
Mature entritalited three MraTiprrx, ati«i dui- 
eoverrd tl<at hi* pjeoti wrrc tline .mpels sent 
by Go»t l<» uveriliruw thf < iti. •* ..f th«- plain 

Ok.v. xlx. i, etc, l^>i « iiUfftali <-ii I -iran- 
(ri*rs, ulilch jircvf^l t" Ix? luo mif;)'!'. h:«nt to 
d^'liver him fiom ihv dcstruLtiou of -<Klom. 

St. CutMtertf cntertaMtHjf strangers, 



cnttrt'iiTis an <iii<irl uruiuarcs (se%'enth 
centurj ). I'atn-*, ahbot of Mnilros, beinf 
called to govern the new abbey of Kip- 
poB, took Cutbbert with him, ai.d com- 
[[.itU'iI to hiiu the very difiii ult l."i*k of 
entertainini; strangers. Once at leaot^ in 
the exeeation of this offioe, St. Cothberfc 
had the honour of entertaining an an;j;,M, 
who, in return of his hospitality, left on 
the table three loaves of bread, of such 
exquisite whiteness and taste, then) could 
be no dt>iibt of their bcin^j bread from 
heaven." 

This wn<i not the onlv time, bT many, 
ttat he enjoyed the ^'ood offleee of angels, 

for he often saw tlieni, often conversed 
with tbeiit, and was often fed by them. 
Before he entered the priory of Mailne, 
he was Jualed by an angel of an ab^rcss 
in the knee, which prevented hisi walk- 
in^' ; and on his retum from Rippon to 
Mailrns, he wa.4, contrar}' to all expecta- 
tion, cured by an angel of the plague.— « 
liede, (7i>/rcA ///a/'tv, bk. iv. dlt|l. »-^{ 
Ada Sinctoruin, March *20. 

Angels have Charge of the 
Saints. (See Susahxa asd trb 

Kl.I>KH.S.) 

%ci. II. lie altali give iih anpla 
charge uver toee, to keij) thee iii all itiy wa)rs. 

VbALU xxxiv. 7. Tbo augel of the iiord 
eiicainpcth round about timi that fter Him, 
and deilvrrtlb thcB, 

Ok». zlx. l«. When 4Sod wea ebeeft te 
dcnror Seldom, IIU angels took LoC, and Lot** 
Miff, t>t^d their two daugbten bjr Ihf baud* and 
led iiM'iu iH-y txl tbo cUy tbat tktf might to 
safe fioni )i riii. 

^>K^. iii. Whrn '5Tia«1r»ch. M<^hach, a'-d 
A l>«ilnr >;<i \MT<' c:ist ulti) ihe herf furnace by 
or'l* r of .Veinicliadncz/ar, the Lord acnt an 
aoRel "!u (t liver III* strvaots who trutit<-d in 
Him." 

Dam. vL 22. When Dani<-1 was cast into ib* 
UOOS* dsn. king Darlua next mMlsluf went to 
Cli« cavf, and said. O OauieU servmi of the 
living Cod, In thy UoA . . . ab^e lo deiver tbce 

from the iiont? And IXmlel repllfd, 0 
king ... my Uod baih sent His augel, aud 
h»tii shut Uie Uoosr moothi, (aoj tkat titsj have 

liat hurl me. 

Matt, xvill. 10. Take he«i that yes d.#pl«« 
not one of ttjt»c little one* ; for i my unto you, 
that In heaven their angeln <io ahvay* bebold 
the f.ioe of My Father which is in lioa%en. 

St. Euphrasia protected by anteU fruttt 
the mali<4niiy cf Satan (a.d. 412). St. 
Kii[i!ir;i-ia wa«!, nn one rwcasion, pushed 
by the devil into a pond, but her Kood 
angel held her above water, till as^istanoo 
came from the oosTent, sod the was 
drawn out. 

ruii thr-r occasion thf ib'\-il im-^licd 
her from a tbird-atory window to the 



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▲HGXLS SENT TO OOHBOLE SACnS. 



pewnd, tat tbe «m nellher Imit nor 

bruiseii ; for God gave His angels cliar:,^? 
cnnceruintj brr, tf> kwp her in all her 
VAjs — Surius, /.Irrs of t/ie Saints^voX. ii. 

Atu/t'ls chnrji-d to k'''-j> St. Francis of 
P'luia in all his imys [Jk.u. I4i6-I.M»7j. 
^Vhile St. Francis of PauU offered hiui- 
•jU ft living ■ftcrifice to God, holjr imd 
•ccvptable, me Almigbty exempted him 



from i1j 



( in r f ' 



U,- 



always went bareft»oted over iMirniog 
aaada, eald tiww, iharp stoocat ragged 
roekt, gnarled mots, prickly thorns, and 
dc6liTiK mud ; but hundreds tentify that 
taroing: sands dittiwsed him not, the 
sharpest stones wounded him not, the 
roughest rucks bruised him not, ice and 
snow cbillcd bin) Dot, tborns and briars 
itficked him not, and defiling mud soiled 
Aim not, beeaos* Hod gnve Hit «DgeU 
charge concerning him, to keep him in 
all his ways. Though he was always 
hao iliog toola to assts( bis workmen, his 

lian wre :i« delicate as if h** hnd ron- 
fiatd Liuifltii to his books, ibouj^h be 
ncvtr changed his habit, night or day, 
it bad no diaagxoeable smell, bnt cxbnlcd, 
on th« eootmiy, a deligfatftil odour. 
Though he practised nu^t ritii", nlmofit 
incredible, biS faoo was ouvcr pinched, 
but plump and nty, his eyes brilliant, 
bis countenance serene and lionrvi Innt, 
and even in old age he ytm neiuicr 
wrinkled nor grey-headed. He was an 
Adam, and this 'earth wm a paradise, 
where be talked and walked with God 
and His an^'«-U.~- Antonio SUnmella, 
JLetUr to Pope Leo X 

An tmgd had ekarjft o/ A. /Vonetea, 
/ krrp L-r in all Iter wa^is (1384 1440). 
God bad givitu 8t. Francii»ca a guardian 
nngnl not only to keep her mm the 

Enwer of evil spirits, but sUo to guide 
er in all her ways. Tlie an;^cl never 
left her for a single moment ; an<) hoiiic- 
timea, by apeciM favour) ber eyes were 
•paoed to see him fsce to faee. She says 
be was "f :n>-rvvlil>tc lirHi.it'.-, his counte- 
nance bi;jng whiter Uisn «now and n^jder 
titan the blush rose; hu eye* were always 
tjrltft»'d towards hen\'«n; his Ion;,' curly 
baur was in ctdour like bunubhed gold ; 
hia lobe, whkh extended to the ground, 
was sometimes white, aomctimoa blue, 
and at other times a shining red. Prom 
his face proceeiiiMl a rmlianco S ' Imiiinoug, 
•he could see to read her maiioii thereby 
even at midnight. Her ghostly father 
Cf.inm.in if il fu r to sho ,v hini this an^'el, 
•0 ahe took the aogei by tb« band, and 
hi».rm fttbtf 



speaking Uiereof in the monaatery, anld. 

the proportions of the an^-cl introduced 
to htm by St. FranciACA were th(»»e of • 
child five or six yearn old. — From thn 
Acts of ktr (j M tomM t Um, May 39, A.lh. 
1606. 

8t. MarocUiHtis, bishop of Emhrun, being 
ptukod down a rtmp rvek, i» bonu in th» 
orm$ of awfels (A.rt. 870). The Arfam 
\» rc «spcoiully emhittvn'd «Li>tinst St. 
Marcellinus, bishop of Kmbrun, because 
they knew him to be their most formid- 
able op|tonent. One dav^ a nnmber of 
lj)e»e *' heretics " seized him, and, carry- 
ing him to the top of n steep rodi, pushed 
him down ; but nngels had charge of 
him, and bore him in their arms to the 
bottom, so that ho rLcen i- 1 no sort of 
injury. — Mooa. Depery, hojfiographii 4t 
Oiip. 

-1 i leh beer »p in th' ir hixndi t^n' fnfint 
ilaruinw dt' J>sus (a.I>. 1G18-1(>4.'»). 
The reader niu.^t be warned beforehand 
that the following "historic fact" is 
recorded, for the edification of the Cliurch, 
by no ]ea:i an authority than the cham- 
bWlain of pope Leo Xill., and the book 
it is txtraeied from Is of the nine- 
teenth rf iiturv (Tth niif, 188<»), Pona 
Jerome of <^utto died while his daughter 
Marianne was a babe in arms. The 
mother, to sn'ftce her ^jrief, retired from 
Quito to a country house, and carried her 
baby in her arms, riding r>n a mule. A 
brook or rivulet bad to be forded, and as 
the water was mach swollen, the mole 
stumbled, and the child was jerked from 
the mother's arms. Of course, the inothM 
thought the babe had fbllen Into the 

stream, nnd ,t: it cfiiild n^t he srrn there, 
she 8Up^K)tM>U It bad been carried away by 
the rapid current. Judge, however, of 
her surprise wlien she discovered that her 
babe was PUHf>ended in the air by the 
invi'-iMr \itind» of angels, and had never 
touched the water.— risf dt* Bumtt, vol. 
vi. p. 2801. 

The rh»ni>«frt)»ln yi-- * ui Miti. irlt) — J. T. C^Ati^ 
cmrd. wiM itM fu louu, the tnuutetur uf Albou SoXiar laie 
Vtmniu Tba rMitw «UI «M mmd to be UjM HhS ths 
•bovc b uot udwn tan Bute. Ho: U hginasraSiiB. 
I «f Wkntailn, wka «ii ia mi. I 



Angels 8«iit to g!Lv9 Ooniol^ 
tion. (See Habx, etc; nnd BAm m 

SuvrsKiNo.) 

Vavr. Iv.ll. AAer the temptsttona we are 

told ib«t the d«vii left Jesii% and ant*le eame 
aivd minifiterrd unto Him. 

Luas xxii. -ii. In in>^ Hp^ony In tho ^ardm, 
Christ pray»l, ujriug. tiUtier, If ibotk be 

vUltafr lemovt ihlaayikwB Mi >. 



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AKGBLS CONSOLE AKDKOL, CONCORD, ETa 



tPr.I. 



nut Mj will, but Tlitne, to doo*. And Utrre 
A'lp-Hpd an An^pt onto Htan Ihm fanven, 
■tfcngthcnlng llltu. 

Anting 9ent to eoiuole 81. Ande^l m his 

tri-rih'e t ortures (a.I>. 2(tf*). Wlun tlie 
emperor SevermjWM on his waj' to dreat 
Britain, be stopped nft Bergt^iMt, and, 
obswrvinf* n frirnt cnncouri»e of people, 
aaktd the reu.-Min. He was uifonned U»ev 
had AMeuiblcd to hear St. Andeol preacli 
•bout the eracified Jc«u9| and be ordered 
him to be aent for. After tryinj^ various 
inonni to make- tlio »aint rc-ii>>iin<-o his 
XaiUi,and tindiugali hisctTorts iuetk'cttiiit, 
be handed him to the torttirerit, who tit a 
given sij^al throw him on tlic ground, tied 
rnpeitto his haiuLs and feet, and by means 
of pnlle^rs stretched the tencloni to their 
very utmost, and then seourced bin vith 
rods charged with points of iron. This 
over, they tore liis Hosh fruin head lo fnot 
with red-hot iron hooks, and, while the 
body was btefding, bound it on a wheel, 
t>«'n«'uth whii b was a fire fed with oil. 
Audeol betrayed no sign of (>aiu, but said, 
lis the wheel turned slowly round, 
Hh'jssed la- the name of God, and my 
Saviuur Jesus, who have thoui;ht me 
worthy to suffer thus. Leave me not, 0 
nty Saviour, nor toflfer me for any pains 
of death to ful from Thee.** Severus, who 
vra.s jircseot all this while, "despairing', 
but not vanquished," now ordcrtxl the 
martyr to be taken to priaon, and reserved 
for other tortures nn thcmorr'«*v. At the 
BURffestion of C^ricius, triliuue of the 
Roman le(;:ions, the i^uiVerin;; mint was 
thrust into Uie crypt of the temple of 
Mtirs, on the bank of the Ithone. At 
midnight, the (guards wert' greatly 
alarmed by seeioi; this »outcrmin bril- 
liantly iUumanatcd, and bearing thousands 
of voices in niy»leriou9 cidhKiuy with the 

Crisoner, or singing celestial music. They 
eand tficsc words amonget other* — 
•'r(njrttg*>. dear brother; to-morrow thou 
shall be with u* m paradise." They then 
applied healing balm to his wotinds ; and, 
when he was brought the next dav to the 
tribaaali the emperor wae amasea to lind 
him in ncifcel health and joyous spirits. 

Off with his head," roared 6everus in a 
fur}', '*or the ntfigirifin wiU eorrupt tlie 
whole city ! " A .sohiier, nrmcd with a 
sword made of some very hard wood, 
audi aa those used by glaidiators in tlie 
arena, cleft the hmd of the martyr " in 
the form of a croes;'* and to be died.— 
Bollandi8fai^ Aotck SoMdoruMf vol* L pp. B8, 
May 1. 

Xbto tsUuH bM M •ati^MrlM Uitcmt. It tbowt 



I tkM the nrottli iitnl by (Uwllatun wsr* iio( of meut. hul 

; atMn" ii.ir l » . .«} , nwi furtheriiioni, Uuil Rfmmii »tiMI«Ts. 
Ill ny.-ir i-u- - it irMt. wMe araied wiiti U.c-v .nli. 
W« arc t»kl bjr tuititunrte* lhat In Ui« mrty mm tM 
Ronutii noT'l* wt-re tiude of linutorA miMd UMlall. iinJ 
In Uur tliiMM of iron, but ueltliar AdMua nor KUb mcnUuM 

at. C'unoord, in tortnrc, cons<jied by on 
an/d, 8k. Coaoofd was eondemned by 
Torquatiis, governor of Umbria, to he 
beaten with clubs uud then huug ou "the 
I little home" (see Ciikvai.kt), a kind 
of rack. Aa he waa led back to priaon, 
heavily laden with dmim on hia hande 
and neck, he snn^' prais*.-^ to God 00 the 
way. At night the an^el of the Lord 
stood by him and mid, *'Fcar not, 
beloved one, but play the mnn ; for I nm 
with thee. The (Jod of Isniol is thy 
strength; Ili^ rod ttiid ili^ 8tAtf shall 
comfort thee." — See Itaring-Uottld, Livtt 
of ike Stiints (.January, p. 6). 

6t. Kupheinia in turtun- ri>itc ! hj an 
ang«i, 3t. Euphemia, in the reij^n of 
Diocletian, waa martyred by Priacna, 
proconsul of Chalecdon. She was first 
impaled on th«! eculeus, or equileus 
by which all her limbs were pulled 
out of joint; then she was lashed to the 
wheel ; but God i>f:Qt an angel to comfort 
her, and he not only broke the wheel, but 
alHo slew the officer* who were torturing 
her. The friends of the ofliceri, greatly 
enru'^ed against Euphemia. now kindkd 
a huge tire, and cast her into the midst of 
it ; but aftatn tha Mirel interpoeed and 
(pienehed the fire, so that ,«he reeeived no 
harm. Being taken from the tire she 
was cast to the liims, which mercifully 
killed Iier. but neither devoured herbodv, 
nor HO much as mangled it. — Ado (arch- 
bishop of Vienne), }/artijrolof>/. 

Hi. Gft>r;/e of I>tospoli$ oomforUd, in 
iortwe, bit an an/el. After St. George 
had be. 1 r 1 -ked on the wheel, by <irder 
of the emperor Diocletian, it was thought 
by the tormentors that be waa dead ; and 
Diocletian, who wa« present, said scoff- 
ingly, ** George, where now thy God? 
Why does He not help thee ?" So saying 
he left tlie duogeoo, and went to the 
temple of Apollo to pay hia adoratiom. 
Scarcely had he parsed the prison ^rate, 
when a loud peal of ihuoder was beard, 
and a voice came ftom the doud, saying, 
'* Kear not, () man of Gnd. f^r T fttti ^ ith 
thee. Stand fast in the failli, and many 
«hnll be brought to the knowledge of God 
by thy exnmple." Then apiieared u> the 
martyr an angel, who longed him from the 
wheel, healed hin wnumis, anti bade bun 

proeeed without deUy to the temple of 
Apollo nod ihoir hlaudf tottn tn ^w ot . 



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ANGELS OONSOLK LAWBBNCB, UABK, VTC. 



tl 



DiocUiiMi WH tii«nd«ntrtiek at feeing 

him, and c 'lild sr ir r!\ Ui'lieve hit eyes ; 
but the «mprc8s Alexandra and the two 
diicf captainii of the iniperiAl guard were 
converted to the faith, sayinL', " .'>thf'r 

f;cKl can deliver after this nort. ' — I'usicratfa 
an intimate friend of St. Geoige^ and an 
igra-witaMa <rf his rafferingit). 
St» JwUam oamforted by anfietm, Ta the 

Sreat {>cnecutlon uf Diocletian, St. 
alian waa seized, and subjected to 
BMMt cruel tortures. Dctween which 
the governor Marcian nnlered him to be 
laden with chains and dm^^cd about the 
eitjr. In one {>f thej+e parades tlie martyr 
was led past the school wiiere the 
governor's son, Celsas, placed, and 
the Itoya werk turned out to see hin» pass. 
As he came down the street, Celsus cried 
•kmd, *'! SM Mff^ eomforting him, 
and Jiolfltnr;^ rut to nim i rr ;yti of glory." 
This vision had such an ettecb u{>on the 
lad, that he ran up lo fha martyr and 
I issed his feet. Marcian wa^ furious, 
and ordered both Julian and C<;Uus to be 
th. u!st into a noisome dungeon ; bat the 
dungeoo was inatantlv redolent of celes- 
tial odoon, and illuminated with a divhia 

light, th.'it t!nf ki t pers marvelled 
creatiy, and became converts to the new 
fliilhj Tfr t BoUaadlaU) Aetti Snetofwn, 

n* wHur Mr*. "We s* iian — murnhm mm 

wUh out ova «}m.' 

St, XoMimMMV ^tmbtr torture^ ttttUffth' 
enrd bt/ an a/ujel. St. lawrenee was 
racked uu the cutjuita (7.0.), in which 
the limbs are drawn back and then pulled 
out of joint, Komanoa, a Roman soldier, 
who witoessed the torture, went up to the 
martyr and said, Lawrence, 1 »oe a 
in<Mt beautiful young man standing beside 
thee, and wiping oflf the blood and sweat 
a.<4 they fall from thee in thine agnny. 
H is a blessed ungcl, I^iwriiace, sent from 
bearen lo eonfort and strengthen thee. 
Tbeve is no god Ulte thy God, and I am 
nsotred that thy God shall be my God, 
and Tlim only will I serve." When the 
martyr was taken from the rack, Komanus 
bioufat water, and was haptiied bj him. 
^Edward Kinesmaa (16^), 0/ 8t, 
Lawmux, p. 6u5. 

Christ and $even diigwb come foosnsQ^ 
the brothcTM Mark arid Marccllian (a.d. 
2h8). Mark and Marceliian were twins, 
of iiolih- family and great wealth. They 
were both married and had families. 
Being eoorerts of S^baaHan, they were 
kept prisoners in tbehou^eof Nicoslriihis, 
and condemned to death unless they 
w c Mt id. lUttf daya* ntpila was ao- 



eofded to thani, duiiag whidh intemd 

their parents, wives, and children im|)lored 
them to relent. They were furthermore 
promises! high state olBcea and largo 
rewards ; but St. Sebastian, on the other 
hand, exhorted Utem to remain faithful 
unto death, when they would receive a 
crown of gloi; and avarlastiog lila. 
Alter St. Bebaaliaa bad 4hitflfa«d bia 
exhortation, Ghtiat Himself with seven 
angels descended into the prison, gave St. 
Sebastian the kiss of peace, and said to 
him, ''Good and faithful servant, thou 
hlialt be ever with Me." Zoe, the wife of 
KicoAtratiiB,had been dumb for six years, 
and was a great invalid. She saw the 
light and the angels ; and, falling at the 
feet of St. Sebastian, indicaU 1 b> signs 
her wish to be baptised* St. Sebastian 
iidd to her, ** If josr wish is rineeio, Jeaof 
Christ will make you whole;" and im- 
mediately her speech returned to her, 
and her health was re-establMhod* Nic^ 
stratus, seeing this miracle, was converted 
aUo, and said to Mark and Marceliian, 
" You are free to depart, and if the 
ampeior insists on punishiiuc me for this 
biwu^ of duty, I will glatOy lay down 
my life for y ur --niie.*' Sebantian told 
Nicoatratus to hnng into the chamber all 
his other prisoners, and CUudius tha 

Jailer brought in sixteen malefactors 
leavily laden with chains. Sebastian 
addreescd the assembly, and all were 
converted and baptized. At the end of 
the thirty days the converts were brought 
before Chrom?tciu!i the prefect, when 
Chromacius and his son became converts. 
The end of this long story is this t Zoo 
wan hung to the branch of a tree, and a 
fire was kindled under hor feel; so she 
died, and her body was cast into fha 
Tiber. Nicostratus and 6ve others were 
drowned in the Tiber, Mark and Mar- 
celiian were nailed head downwar Is tn a 
poet, and stabbed with lances till they 
w«N» dead ; when tiieir bodiea were burtad 
in a sandpit two n il- ^ fr m the city. 
The son of Chromacius was thrown into 
a ditch and buried alive. Chromacius 
rehignedhis oflice and retired to Campania. 
As for St. Sebastian, being bound to a 
post, a company of archers discharged 
their arrows at him. It was supposed he 
was dead; but when the widowofOsstiilns 
went at night to bury hiu\, hhe foun l him 
Still alive, took him home, and in a tew 
days he completely recovered. The 
Christians wislK rl );titi tr> «t^'rete himself, 
bot be boldly went mio the temple ot 

Joplte, aad Mooitcd lha mtm Dio- 



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IS 



AUGELS OONSOLK UEINEAD^ SKBGIUS, £TC iPr, u 



detian ns he WM illx ut [<> enter. "O 
emperor," b« mid, *' your poiuitTa deceive 
yoQ. They in%'eat many charites egaiubt 
aa Christinns : but know, O emperor, the 
Cbriatians are vour beat aubjecta, vrho 
never oeawpnying for your conversion." 
PiodetMHi WW thunderstruck at being 
thus addrcated by a man he suppoaed to 
be dead ; but, recovering fntrn his sur- 
Kise, be wid, ** What ! is it you, Se- 
nurtiaa? Ithmii^tnyarebcfiliftddoiw 
thf ir duty better." " Kmperor," replied 
bcbiistian, "Jt-auB Christ has spared my 
life a little while, that I may be a witness 
to the people of the true faith and of thy 
cruelty." "Off with the wrvtcli," cried 
I)iocletian in rage ; " otf with him to the 
kippodfome, and tbeie scourge the life 
oat ef hJni.'^ So lie wee eeoiiTged te 
death, and hia body oust into the ciiy 
•ewer. — The ^»bet Corblet, Umjiograpky 
cf Amient, 

An awjet »tni <o crmmle 8t. Meinrad 
tortn&Hi«d with devUs (797-861). Whon 
ISt. Meinrad retired to hia hermitage in 
Mount Etxel, he was beset by « band of 
black demons so thick and nnmberless 
that they -luit fr ni hia sijilit tlic light 
of day. They rounded in his ears the 
most terrible oirMte, whirled about him 
in the iiin=^t friirbtful fwisturcs, assumed 
the most huieuus tonus conceivable, and 
made such an uproar it seemed as if all 
the trees of tlie forest were being blown 
down with a crash. St. Meinrad re- 
mained calm, intrepid, and prnyerful. 
Suddenly aa angel descended, ite face 
ngdiaatfttaeamiteaaaeebeBiiineat Smil- 
ing on the hermit, it said to ]nni, 

Courage, Meinrad, and trust in God { 
those that M t their love on Him, He will 
deliver. Those that mil fn Him, He 
Vfiil answer." So saying, he druvc the 
devils into the abyss, and they never 
after fctnmed to tronble the man of (>(>d. 
— R. P. Dom Charles Bnmdeii, Lijc uj 
St. Mcmrad. 

Si, Scrgms in torture visited by an 
sm^ef. ^nfpmwM phmicctius or chief 
BctTPtnrv t>f ihr- cnipfror Mnximiun ; but 
when Maxirnian learnt that he viwi a 
CSirtotian, be plucked from him his gold 
ehain, and, stripping him of his robe«, 
had him arrayed in woman's garments. 
After sundry other tormontH, hia feet 
being thrust into ahoes studded with 
•haip spikes^ ha was diaincd to the 
impi'rial chariot^ an ! ni i 'f t i run nine 
mileit. Dlood gufthed from hia feet along 
the road, and the agooj wai indeecrib- 
ahii.| tat at «igtat an wfil c«m I* 



COOnfiirl ]iirn he:\! his \V'-niiid,^. \f xt 
day he was again subjected to the same 
torture, and o^io the aafi^i came to heal 
his wounds. The tvrant. seeing himstlf 
thus foiled, cominaudcd his victim to b« 
beheaded. Aa the martyr knelt before 
the headsman, he beard a voice from 
heaven inviting him to paradise, and 

eiin-r:itul;it;ii^ liim on liis v i 1 on* ; and 

saw a cumpaoy of shining ones with 
golden crowne fa their haadii waiting t^ 

recei^'e him, as soon as he had sealed a 
life of holiness with a death of glon*. — 
Edward Ktnesman (16SII), Xieet Mi 

N-I!"rif-i, pp. ^♦K; Miw. 

Mention It mule oi M. aergliM in Ui« isccood Niceu* 
OouBcll. Act V. 

8L Tktodonu of Umultm mM o l « d mi 
torhart by «a awftl (A.n. 819). When 

LiiMniiis was inforinrd tlittt hi^ j_';rnerMl 
Theodorus was a Christian, he acnt for 
liim, and invited lam to ae«>mpany tht 
court to a grand aaerifioe. Tuenilrtrtu 
begged to aeo the gods bef<^e he luiored 
tlicm ; and the empenfr. thMilag ha had 
won back his brave soldier, commanded 
the priests to take the idols to hia house. 
No sooner were they left, than Theodorus 
broke them up, and distributed the gold 
and eitver, of whieh they wet* maae, to 
the poor, llie emjtcror, of course, was 
mad with rage, and »i:nt officeni to punish 
him. They first laid him face down- 
wjirds on the ground, ami t;ave him five 
hundred lashes on his back, with whips 
made of bulls' hide ; then, turning him 
round, administered fifty more. After 
tills, they pammeiled him with dagm or 
leaden pluttmietj (see Ft.A<.Kt tore 
his ilesh with hooks, and cauterized the 
wounds with torches and hot iMma. 
Being well-nigh dead, the martyr was 
sent to prison to be reserved for fresh 
tortures. Here he was kept five days 
without food or water, and was then Axed 
to a gibbet, while men employed fur the 
purpose stuck him con>tAnt!y in all rhe 
most sensitive parts of the body, stoned 
him, and insulted him in every imagin- 
able war. When Litioiu'* thought he 
waM dead he left him, intending next 
morning' to cast tilt body into the sea. 
At midnight an ai^pel appeared to the 
martyr, healed his wonnds, and said to 
him, "Kejoioe, Thetnlorua, for Christ is 
with you, and will never leave vou or 
forsake yon. Fight tiie good fight and 
fisint not, for great will 1)0 your reward 
in heaven." Next d;4y tlie emperor seat 
two centurions to take down the body 
•ad aait it into (ha cm{ bat te Ihcif 



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Ft. T.] 



ANGELS CONSOLE VENANTmS. 



IS 



amazement Uiey found the gibbet empty, 
•r.d TlietHlonjs io ■ < rfect health. Tht 
■lira Ic wa.<« without gaiiisaYin^;, and both 
Ihtcenturions were c .nverte«l, with ci^htv 
of tb€ men under them. Licinioa, being 
Mwmtd of the affair, tent Sextiw, the 
proconsul, with three hundred soldiers to 
behead (be centarions aitd their eig ity 
MBTtrtit but no eooner did this new 
company iweb the ypot, than they also 
were coBTwted. The whole ])opulace 
DOW took the tide of TheodoniH against 
t);« eoipenr, nod ehnuted, **Long 
tlw God of the Cbrietianit Tho Lord 
lie i» (lod, nnd tluTc is none else!" 
Tbe^ would have depoaed Liciaius, but 
TiModome foHmde them, laying, **Yen- 
graaoe belonpeth unto God, and the wrath 
of man workcth not the rigbteouHness of 
Qod." ThcodoruB was now carried in 
trinmtih through the city, and ai he 
paeeed the state prison the chains of the 
prisoners fell off, the gates flew open, 
and the prisoners were free. Liciniiu, 
fearing • teditioo, eenk men to bdieid 
Theodoras ; so he died, and his body was 
taken to Heraclea, and buried there. — 
Augoid, L^ttf Si, Aiodbntf cfSkratUa, 



mm BbHw 0fm • wiy nwigils< Mcoont of thb 
Mrinl, and •■yt, "IW Ontk AeUflfhls aiartyrdoin. under 
U<« iuun« of Augarua. an of no aulhocitr ; " but » (ar b»(l«r 
•MthoHt> than AIImm ButJvr, vu. Mfr. GuMn, rhamhrr- 
kln ol p<>f>« Lfo Xill.. dmiljr cuntntdhu Ibiaaawrtkiii. aiid 
trill ut. " U- niATT)!* lip ttltit Th^KMlam filt trt\\ |>.ir iiti 
aulnr nornm^ Ausanl, qui t'y troavs pr^Miit. et qui fut 
yrM par la mliit m*m» am I ccrlra, el da faire inriar mm 
Mt^uat A Euchaiia ytvia lat aiiaatiUr daiu llwrilaea da 
an «>ic< \m . et d < 
r»IL un \r nilt 4aDai 
tmint»t. r«b. 7. 



m pMir laa a iia ati U r dana iMrilaea da 



AwfeU sent to m oo owr St. Venantitu in 
hit Utmbie tortmm (a.D. St. Ve- 

■antius, having' reproved Antiocbus for 
womtiippinj: faloe gods, was given over 
t*) tlif pcvcriior'n soliliers, who were 
commanded *'de lui faire endarer tone 
lee ennplices imagiDaUee.** They flril 
tied tne young man to a po<^t, and 
•coufged him with sue > savage cruelty, 
flMft ho lOttst have died, if an angel bad 
■ot come from heaven, to loose him 
from bis bonds, and drive away the 
butchers ; but the soldi) rs, inntend of 
b ing touched bj this nianrel, only re- 
tonied to their took with greater savagery . 
They hung the young martyr to a tree by 
hit feet, and burned him all over with 
flaming torches; then, forcing o(>en his 
aoutli, tried to suffocate him \sitl) the 
moke of the stinking brands. A twi-iusius, 
Am comicular, who was [>re.'<eDt, saw an 
oagel, robed in white, untie the saint 
ftmn tbo tree, aad boil bi mwnda. 
lUi yUkn mind bis coafwrioai 



being baptized by POtfihyry, he died a 
martyr. Antiochns, supposing Venantius 
to be dead, was not a little surprii^ to 
hear the way he had U'en delivered. 
Still hopiag to bend bis obetinacv,** 
beeomie m was so vonng, h« eoomanded 
him to be broupht before him again ; but 
neither threats nor promises had the least 
effect, SO tilo governor ordered him hoek 
to prison, and sent a soldier, named 
Attaius, to try and win him over by puile. 
Attains pretended he bad himself been 
a CbrisUan, and had given up the sub- 
stantial good things of this life, for Uio 
shadowy promises of the life to come ; 
but it did not pay, and be had returned 
to his senses. The saint saw at onet 
through the artifice, and told Attaius so. 
Antiochus, htill more angry at Uiis mia> 
carnage, bad Vennntius a;:ain broughl' 
before him, broke all bis teeth, tore nis 
gums from the jaws, and then bade his 
soldiers cast him into the city sewer, 
expecting he would soon bo suffocated* 
Here, however, an angd eamo to him, 
drew him out, and lieuled his wounds, 
that he might be prepared for still greater 
triumphs. The prefect, in the mean lime, 
died suddenly, crying; witli his la^t breath, 

Venantitts's Ciod is the only true (jnd, 
and these of K'ome are no gods." When 
Antiocbus was told this, he exclaimedt 
** Tho fellow win eormpt half Camertno. 
Take him," he added to lii^ .sulili. r^, 
''and cast him to the lions." So he was 
cast into the amphitheatre ; but when the 
lions saw him, thoy lay fnwnin^r »t his 
feet like lambs, and he stoKl in the arena, 
preaching the gospel of grace to tho 
spectators, and converting many. No- 
thing could oxeeed the fliry of Antiochns 
when he heard this, and he eiminuin<led 
bis officers to drag the incorrigible wretch 
over thorns and brambles. This was 
done with such barbarity for two days, 
tliat he was more tlian half-dead ; but 
again an angel came and healed his 
wounds, and again be was taken bcforo 
the governor. Cast him from the rock,'* 
roared Antiochus, '*an«l break every bone 
in his sk in. " This punishment, however, 
was onually fiitile ao tiio others, for 
angels bore him in their hands, and not a 
hair of him was hurt. "Away with him I 
away with himl** criod tiio governor t 

let nie see his face no more. l)rag him 
a thousand [mces beyond the ^'ates over 
the riH'ks, and have done with him." 
The men were so exhausted with this 



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14 



ANGELS' FOOD GIVEN TO If AN. 



[Pr.1. 



(f the cTOtt mtOD a Inrge rock, there 
issued from tne around a spring of 
delicious water. This rock and this 
spring still exist to attent the truth of the 
inirac'», and in tlie church of Camcrino 
tliere is a carving of the saint, coni- 
niemoratuig the ev«at. Uundreds were 
eooTerted on oeeing these things, and 

BlMy of them Buflfred fcr tlulr faith 
with their lives. At length Venantius 
died ; bot, as he gave up his spirit, the 
earth qunkcd, thundi-r and lightning 
tcrritted the {>euple, and Antiochus, tleciug 
from the city in affright, died miserably. 
The body of Veoantias was buried with 
pieat honour, and the money of Camerino 
was stamped wUli his image and miiMr- 
•oription. 

Thb oeriAJDljr la « most m«nr«Uo4ia •tory. but Cardinal 
lUwIiM Ulto m ail tlwt I* Um or cwwiUted io notom 
acoQunti hM tern rllmlnalcd fnim tU» aceoant bjr the 
Cbaraa. and Ihnt wlist h«T« r«cunl<«l m»y bt (Irtiriwtrd 
maaita|tte uiirkriiUljeii tniUi. Hi> «or«lj art% ' It e<t 
Trai, qu« !•» Artm ilr Wtmnf, itii\rt)T. (ju'il « vu« h 
OilllM lllll. I il r- III I'lu <lr lIii--«'< n|«irr) I lirs . ni.iK IVt:ib« 

m ■ fttlMM^lMk to* umtttoato*. at ue iiuus eii a daiut^ au« 
MM'sHsa jmit rn mOunmhi^wttllttk ' a w —r j ii * 
H* MS M* UM m ham tiw Obincli wmt iaapind to Inov 

betlrr 'tuin Uia p«i>til« of CanMrlno. anMiit wboni 
liiart)r llrr<l, wiri'ml. an'l ilu-tl. Ai fxr v oim mii Jiid^ 
with i.riv«t<- jti.li:iin'iit. i...!)iii,K in the nrVlnal hM.'rjr 
CiMil l I'OMJiil/ l< I n' Il iT'l ; > l < l'«-l'>'<e>l. If what rriii.uni 
U liuU-nl "retniiKhnl (ami ail lultaliood." aii4 limdt 

"oontortaabU Co ainpla truth." 

An(fel$ $eHt to comfort St. Vincent in his 
torture (a.u. 304). After being put to 
tlic "question" (q.v.) St. Vincent was 
carried back to his dungeon, and laid on 
broken potsherds ; but uod sent aagele to 
comfiirt him, and liis cell wh.i illutnmated 
with light from heaven. Then hia bimds 
fell from him, and the broken potsherds 
seemed a l>e<l of roses and other fragrant 
flowers. — Metapbra^tc'8 (from Uie origi- 
nal A«tS ^ Uw NotariM of tha Ghaich). 

Angels' Food g^ven to Man. 
^jnutM IzzTllL as. Man dkl eat angels' 

Angela' food gtten b>/ the Virgin Mary 
to St. AvoyOy or Advtsa (a.o. 2^). St. 
AToya, being taken captive by the Hvaif 
was confined in prison, beonnee t>hc re- 
fused U) marry her cuptor ; but (Jhriut, 
whom she had chosen for her Spnuae, 
iUumioed her prison with celestial light, 
and sent an angel to tell her her martyr^ 
dom was deferred, that by suffer- 
ing she might win a brighter crown of 

Slory. The SaTionr also told her thai 
le Virgin Miiry would be her foster- 
mother as long as she remained in prison. 
Accordinglv, tbis Mother aC God and 
QuMD of lieaTW Mat to h« wnrj waek 



three loHvea of brcnil, knt rtiletl by llit 
hands of angels. The whiteness of this 
bread exceeded infinitely that ased ia llw 
nnlnce of her father Quintian, a petty 
King of Sicily, and its sweetness exceeded 
in (It licacy and flavour any food made 
Ly mortals. In Christian art, St. Avny« 
is represented as reoeiring angels' breaid, 
from the Imnd of the Viri:in, (limugh the 
iron grattni; of a prison cell. — Arthiis du 
Motistier, Martgrologedes SiwUei AmoMa* 

St, Ciiira has nn fixjd tjirrn to her 
(a.i>. \M(t}. aioilitating one day on the 
Saviour's fast, St. Clara resolved to drink 
nothing for forty days. When brought 
to the brink of the grave by this absti- 
nence, a cup of gold, lilleil with a celestial 
beverage, was brought to her from heaven, 
and dnaking therefrom her thirst was 
entirely assuaged. .Jesus Christ Himself 
brought her, at ni;;ht, a sweet drink 
which sufficed for the last twelve years 
of her life, during all which time she 
drank nothing except the wine of the 
Eucharist, accomplissant ainsi lea parolee 
du propb^te Jer^wie, 11 y aura des pcr- 
soanes qui ne ponrront plus botre de vin, 
ni d'eau ; et qui n' nuront soif (jue de 
r Agneuu sans tache." — Let I'etds liUlaUi' 
distiBy vol. ii. p. 440. 

Mcliincth(fii s stort/ about awjels' food. 
Melancthon used to assert that he *' knew 
of asurcty thefollowingfact": — A woman 
of Cignca sent her son in midwinter to 
fetch nttme her cattle feeding by the 
woodnidc. Tlie b<>y did not retunij and 
three days afterwards was found sitting 
in an open place of the wood where tbeia 
was no BHow. lie did not know that 
three days had wvU-nigh passed since he 
left home, bat said he was waitini; for the 
night to come. When asked if lie had 
eaten anything, he replied, There came 
a man to me who gave me bread and 
cheese." Mow follows the marvelloos 
inferraee of Mdaaetbon, who naTvely 
remarks. '^Tliis man wlm ^uve the boy 
food was undoubtedly an angel, for no 
huiiuin creature could have supplied him 
wiih bread and cheese in such a jdarc in 
the middle of winter." It is a pity to be 
so prosaic aa to ask why it was im- 
ssible for some rustic to give the poor 
y food. The boy certainly thought his 
good Samaritan was a man, and probably 
you and I think so too. The story is 
told ia Tamer's Hittoru of JtemarkaU$ 
Hvoidtnem (1697). 

Annunolatlim. (Sea Barrbi 
WoMma; Monuns; etea) 



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rf*. I.] 



AHOINTINQ THE SICK— APPARITIONS. 



II 



Lnc« i W-SSL Tto MWd Qalirkl was Moi 

f < i!n <;.>d to « dtj of Oftltlee. uuDcd N«(«reU>. 
and li-tld to Mary. HaIU UiOU tlM* •■^ bigbly 

fa%'oured. tlje l^jrd Is with Ihcf ; ble<«ed ait 
tbou among women. And, behold, tbou sbalt 
ftring forth a iH>n, and Khali call ht* name 
JiiiSUS. He »hall ^rt at, and i-ball b« Oillcd 
tbe Son of ibe l{igU>'!<t. 

LOKB I. ll-U. An iinftf 1 app^aml to Zacba- 
riM,Mld aakl to him. Fear nut, Zacharlin: fur 
Iby prmj«r ia heard, and thy wife Ella«beth 
dMil bear tbee » aon. and ibou nhaU call hU 
name JOHN. And tbou sbftU b«ve Joy and 
for inmjr atell ri|oIw «t M« birth. 

.ii ixivH xlil. r-h. Tbe wagfl of tb« l4ora 
appeared t<> the wife of MaiKiab. and atld to 
her. Thttii -iia!'. conceive, and bear a ron. No 
razor Nhall couh' u|m)!i U\* he .d, for the child 
••hall \>o i Na/ante viiiUi and h i*h;ilM>eKln 
to Ueliwr iarael out or the bands of the I'bilia- 



Ammmeiation of an an-^el io tJie mother 
O/ AioAfr (A.D. 687). WUile the mother 
«f Bodier waa in the ehurch at Orleans, 
where ahe had ^'one to Bpend the day in 
prayer, a vencruble amn, clothed in white, 
aaid to her. "God be with you, thouwell- 
bcloved of the Lord. Tbou art cerrymff 
in thy womb a aon, which God has elfcted 
from'ail eternity to be tlu- hnhup of tlils 
city Orleaai." Tbe woman knew it was 
u Mgel who hsd •poken to her, and 
pravcd th.it God would bless the child 
about to be \ioxn,—Le» PtUU BollaiuiUU»t 
vol. iL p. MS. 

Anointing the 8iok with OIL 

Jamb t. 14. IS. Is any sick among you? 
lil hbo call for tbe elder* of tbe Church ; and 
111 ttCB praj over bim, anoiotlng him with 



oU In the ttame of tbe Lbid. • • • «ad tbe Lord 
■ball false btm op; and if be have eonunltied 

•inw, they shall be rorglven him. 

Mark vI. 13. Tbcy cast out many devils, 
and anointed wUhett that wof* lick, and 
healed them. 

8L Melanius atunnti with oS kiwj 
Etuebnu and Atnasia (sixth century). 
Emebiui, king of Vannee, having made 
an inoarnoB into Oonbleiwe, put out the 
^cs and cut off the hands of a large 
nomber of the inhabitants. The nifht 
followini;, he was tormented with in- 
ttderable pains, which his physicians were 
wholly unable to assuage. Soon aftor- 
watde his daughter, Aspasia, KutlVred 
euavnlaione so Tioleot that they were 
ascribed to demoniacal posaeesion. St. 
Melanius was ^^ent for, and said, "O 
king, this atlliction is not unto death, 
trat it sent in chastisement, and to lead 
you to repentance." Then, nnointing the 
king three times with holy oil, he was re- 
Mgnd In piiftek IwOth. Ate wliiah 



Melanius went to AspMia, prayed ovar 
her, find she also was cured. In re- 
ward ol these services, the kine gave 
St. Melaniuit all tbe land of Comoleano 
in support of hia mooasteiy o{ Plats.— 
Gui Alexia liobineau, HMf 4h MIf 
d$ BrtUigm (1724). 

AjfffwAt ons. 

Matt. nvlL ftS, ftS. The graves wera 
opened ; and many bmlles of the nalnts which 
slept aievs. and came out of [tbeirj graves» 
went Into tte holy city, and iip|H>«r«d to 

I Cdic. XV. i-H. (jurist di il for our sUlM, . . . 
was buried, and rose ai;aln tbe third day : . . . 
and wa/* neon ol tli<-n of the twelvt : 

after that, he was M'en i>f tiijove live Innidred 
bri threu at OIK c ; . . . lie ri ul liiiii<"<; xUt-n of 
all the ajKislles And la»t of all In- v^an >*4'eu of 

me aim. 

A<T8 X. 30 -32. Four days ago I was fasting 
until thi.s hour; and at (he nInUi hour I prayed 
In mjr botue, and, behold, a man stood befors 
me In bclJit ctodilug* and saM, Coroellaiv tb/ 
prajsr Is heard. . . . dead tbecefiite to Jeppe» 
and call bitber nmon, whose somasse la 
Peter ; . . . who^ wboB Im conclb, shall speak 

unto tlieo. 

Arrs i. 10. 11. While they looked stead* 
fifilly tow.iril-* heaven, 1*0 men ^t.>o<i by tliem 
in v^hiie aiij>arel, and said. Ye men of (iiililee, 
» liy (Hand ye gazing up into heaven .' I bis 
sAnie Jenin), which I.-* taken up from you into 
heaven, sball so come in like manner as ye have 
seen Bitt f|0 Into heavi u. 

Matt. sxvIU. itehold, there was a grMl 
eartbonake : for the angi'l of tlie Lord dee c c nd e d 
fhMD heaven and rollei hock the stone fbom the 
door, and sat opuii It. His coonteBaiieP was 
lilce lightning, and bis raiment white as snow ; 
and be said to tbe women. Fear not: for I 
know that ye seek JesuK, ulikh waa crucilied. 
lie is not here: for He l'* rinen, a-* He Raid. 

Das. X. (Too long to tran«ci iln-. ) 

AiT.i xvi. 9. A vision iipi>ettred to PjuI al 
Trois In the night. I Ik T"- otood a man of 
Macedonia, and pra/ed bim, aajring, Come over 
taito MeecdDOia, and help oa. 

without pavins any optnloii on Uw Bbdeal apparl. 
Uon*. ererr on* knoin that althar a dafaet of blood 
(atumla\, or a wp-rflultr thereof {htfrnrmmiay, wtti 
aoouunt for almo«t all ▼liloiui of Rhmtii. Tbe unbealtliy 
divt of the taint* wouUI l<« amplr suffli irni to ni«ke Ui* 
fulliiwlriB appariUuni »iTtii>l'> irut\t lo the .»«-cr», I'Ul 
•t:iil>ly ttie tttvCtM of dt'<aM<<J riinctiun, from Aiueriila or 
hji*ncnilji. 111 tliB <•)■* of n »kiiful iii«1lr*i iniin. Tha 
ghotts Men tnr Hanilct were uf the (unuer cluuacur. tboM 
mm hr MariiHh oT the lattw. Tbe taiiA or UMMgfct id 
tbt Mtr far tb» inoet part datcnnlnM Um» form mmnmA 
In apparitioiu. Tbars cannot tie llie sIlKhltnt do<it>t 
about tti« tfwUl of SbWI* <u«l ai>|<aritioris . but at tb* 
•«m« tinif the eaa* la veil k'niwn. Tlirjr nrr' tint the 
ilckl ri>i'i(i>.K tli« earth, but tin- iiutural iiliiiilta of aa 
over-exclled brain ; and romeaiticr it U ibe brain that 



toHtta 



doek tonlfBVMlB aodoa, iMt ttat 

motiuo without thr clock In flftjr way*. 

The ghost 0/ an abbot appears to St. 
Peter Celestme (1221-1296). St. Peter 
Cele.^tine, bein^ at Faifola^ bad ^reat 
qualms of conscience about his worthiness 
t» adBiinirtar tfM bolj wunmmM, mad 



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APPABmOMS OF AGATHA, AGNES, JSXa 



bad made up bw min i to abandon the 
fNPietUf office ; but the abbot of Faifoia, 
who had recently died, Kpp««red to Unit 

Mid told him it wag (umVs will be !*h(iiil(l 
continue lo etay nia»s. As to tbe 
•cniple of merit," t»aid the fr^Mti ** who, 
X ask, i» worthy to administer a nervice 
to august? The angeig them»elve0 are 
lint. Sacrifice, sacrifice, my son, but 
always witli fair and rertrence." Ccles- 
tine told hi« confemor what the ghost 
bnd '^^■liil to hi til, and the confessor cx- 
hortcii him to obey the heavenly. vision, 
Icit haply he libottld b« fl^Msiid fightiog 
against iiod. 

Arudfier m.*tance. After tliis vision, 
in 1251, Cele^iine retired to Mount MnjcUa 
with two discipiea. Ucre, for tbrae jreara, 
• myateriout dov«, whiter tiiaa mow^ 

to li^I't "H bis < rat rv ; the sound 
of celestinl bells waii often beard, espe- 
cially at the elevation of the host, and 
nnt uiifro'|iu'ntly voices were bt-nr ! 
ing ia tlic air. When his new cluircb 
WHS dedicated, St. Peter Colcstine saw 
angala, clothed in white raiments, and 
beard them tar, " I>et us go to the dedica- 
tion ; " nrid wfiile he was ccb brating the 
oOicc, one of the angel* let fall upon hw 
ahonlders a garment like their own.— 
The Admirable life of f't. Prter Celcstine, 

Kpe. (From the press of the Celeatines, 
ir le Due.) 

St. A./atha apprnrs tn St. Luq/, and 
heak Eutitia. Kutitia, the motlicr of St. 
Lucy, being nftbcted with a bloody flux 
which no medical skill could cure, waa 
indiieed by her daughter to visit the 
Tlic; of St. Airntha in Catanea. When 
KutUiH and her daughter reached the 
touib, Lucy prayed that the Munt would 
v-Mich-iiifo to intcrct'dp for hor mother, 
that might be cured of ber intirniit}'. 
While still in prayer» St. Agatha ttood 
iiefore her. She was acronifianied with 
a heavenly host of angt ig, and said to 
til 



damsel, "Si-(. r Lticy, >\hy ask of 
me what you cau yuurvelf ^ive unto your 
mother ? Make your petitaon lo God, for 
l»e nfptuotl if He Invrs me, lie no less 
loveH yi>u also. If He will hearken to 
my prayers, so will He onto thine. If I 
am nononred as a Mint here in Catanea, 
vou shall be honoured as a saint in 
S\ racii'se." ^\llen Lucy had seen the 
vision, she rose from her knees, and 
fnund ber ino1li<r |>«'rf<ctiy restored. 
They gave thanks to (..xi aiid St. A;.'aih!i, 
and then returned, iilkd wtib jov, buck to 
their home again. — Ado (archlbishop of 
VieiuM), Jiw<ftxite«y. <aaaalaaaik) 



was bruUlly 



Apparitwn of St. A 
(A.D. 304). St. Agnes 
mnidered, at the age of thirteen, by 

Rnrnnn prefect, becnu'-'' «hc rpfri«ied to 
marry his son. Kii^iit days aftur her 
death she appeared to her mother, en- 
compassed by a band of angelic viririns. 
She was dressed In a robe of gold cloth, 
sttifl 1 .1 with pre ii ij' stones; on hei 
head bhe wore a garland of pearls and 
diamonds, and in her anus die carried a 
lam!) wtirter than snnw. She went to her 
mother and said, '* Weep not for me, dear 
mother, as for the dead ; but rather re- 
joice with exceeding joy that I reign with 
Christ in the kingdom' of heaven." So 
saying slie vanished out of sight, accom- 
panied by her attendant virgins. — Mirr. 
GuNfrin (efaamberlaitt to p<»pc |^ XIII.), 

Life tftr Sitints, vol. i. p. 1. 

An an id appears to St. Kintlkerius. and 
brim/s him a pardon for kinif Cloris, When 
Clovis won the great victory of Tfdbiac 
he was truilty of many barUjirities. and 
I'leiitlierius met him at the door of the 
church, as he was about to enter to return 
thanks to Ood. •*Belgnenr Mni;,'* said 
the bishop, ** I know why ymi . ine 
hither." Clovis protested tie had nolliing 
in particular to sav to the bishop. ** Say 
not so, 0 kin^',' re|ilied Kleutherins. 
" Yuu have sinned, and dare not avow 
it." Then the king, bursting into tears, 
implored the bishop to entreat Uod's 
pardon for him. Eaeutherius spent the 
whole ni^;ht in pmyer, and next dav, .it 
the celebration of mass, just as Uie boat 
was elevated, a brilliant light filled die 
church, and an angel cin e m the bishop 
and said, " Eleutheriu;*, thou scrvaut of 
the living God, thy prayers are heard.** 
So saving he placed in his harnls a writing, 
whic6 was a pardon of the king's sins. 
Clovis, being thus ahsolved l»y God Him- 
self, rendered humble and hearty tbaaki 
to the Almighty, and made many magnil^ 
cent i^ifts to the ciiurch at Tournai.— Xsv 
I'etUs hoiiandtitfa^ vol. ii. p. 601. 

Mir. <WHr mh\ekm VHk W i B it mnmHi : "TU boU 

tTmorclmnci! nf lOfijUMriui. Ih« rvpwttencr »m klnfc 
tlK* 4Mi.-r-l til i->ii:mi; a pknl.<n from htaven. wh«Ui«r tru* 
ur ro(. f«i«in m xtnMrahto yMm o( Ik* palate mmt» 
of Utousbt It Iks pmM>' 

Tiirce angels apfyar to St. XichofoM 
de Flue (a.D. 1417-HH7). While St, 
NichoUs de FhMi, called by the Germana 
brother Klaus, was engaged on his house 
affairs (for he had a wife and teu children), 
three men of vetu nibie mien addressed 
him : " Tell us, Nicholas," said one of 
them, *<wiU yoa phme both ymr body 
and •Bdar mx chl^v•r'^ 



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Pt. T.J OF BACCHUS, BARBARA, 



BARNABAS, BEXEDICT. 



17 



place Lhem," he reolied, " only aader the 
diarg* of tlM Lora God Omnipotent. I 

have lonr; wished ta live to Him alone.*' 
The three ^tranj^erii looked at each other 
•ml aighed. '*If," aaid the Orst speaker, 
** you will give yourself body and soul to 
God, I will promise you, when you are 
•eventy years old, you shall be Uiken 
from tilt troubles of thu world ; and as 
yon have carried the eroM witii patience, 
you shall t i ir a banner In the army of 
God." So - L x Hig, the three men vanished 
from his . — ^Henry de Gundelflngen, 
Lt/e of St. Nicholas dc Fiiw (1488). 

Tfta apparUtun of ^'t. Bacchut appcnm 
to Scrgtus. St. Bacchus was beaten to 
dcatti by lashea made of ox sinews, bat 
after dealli appeared to liis companion 
Scri^ius ti-exliort him to remain s»tcadfii«t 
in the faith, uuthing doubting. He shuue 
with celestial glory and brightness, and 
•poke of tho i'iva unspeakable which God 
bad preiiarcii tor him, in recompense of 
the light aiilictioBi iriiich he had endvred 
for Christ's sake upon earth. He earnestly 
entreated Sergius to bear patiently the 
martyrdom which awaited him, looking; 
forward to the recompense of reward. — E. 
Kineeman, Xmws 0/ Me SainU (1623, 
Oct, 9). 

Barbara brin fft the euch'trist to h'osthtt 
(1650-1568). While Stanislaus Ko^tka 
was preparing for his admission into the 
Society of Jc!«u9, he was prostrated b^ a 
violent and dangerous sickness, which 
reduced him to sndi eztiemity that his 
physicians gave him over, itn young 
man was > n ilTlicted, noi from any fear 
el death, but because he had au means of 
reeeiving the holy sacrament, as his hos- 
tess was a "heretic." In this pcr[)lexity 
he earnestly commended himself to St. 
Barbara, praying with great fervour that 
be might not die without partaklM^ of the 
blessed eucharist. As he lay awake upon 
hi^ bed at midnight, St. Barbara came to 
him, with two angels bearing the holv 
(riemente ef bned and wine. The tick 
man received *'his Saviour" from the 
bands of St. Barbara, a»i>i8ted by the 
angela, and from that moment began to 

HBCOd. 

A similar storv ia told of him some- 
what later on. rfe happened one Sunday 
to enter a Proteatmt dwich io which tlM 
sacrament was administered. He bad en- 
tered it by mi:stake, suppo.sin^ it to be a 
£ltomRnJ Catholic church; but when he 
perceived he was in communion with 
fterctica, he prayed Ood to pardon him 
and asaist hun in hu difficulty. His 



prayer was heard as before ; and God 
sent an angel of surpassing beauty to 

adminiHter to him the sarrcd element*.— 
Peter Kibadenelra, The Floacr 0/ Va Ltvc» 

In reading the llvw oraetooftiM Mints on* thlatb?af7 

itrlklnji. •od tW l« the cuniUjit r«p«Utk>n of tba mm* 
nurjwJo. Ttiu* iti Thwid.HlH. the r<i.>iH>bijirch hU >|>«cl«l 
nilnwlo wa* Uio tiiwIliiiUcxtioii o( f ol ; In iillnnUlikiM 
K-Miit* tt b Uh> wicbarUt : In St Antoujr tilt Omt It ti 
coftlMto wUb totut laoUiMittaSBainpllMJsBsf IMt 
kiMl ao on. 

Tbif U enellr «(Mt vrislit bt tspaeted, on tiw Mlonoa 
■nggMiMl p. 1\ vti. timi mth aalat't Ukmamg 4aUflw 
mined the ^Hrbit m(MlS«r SwMaw Of MW IDmSwi. W1»II« 

the tm-t i>( xiiiiir Mft cT lllHriaa wm dm ttauftf M 

•lUmiU or li/iwrnjiiiLi. 

St. I' lrn i'Ms says where his dead bod;/ is 
to be found. Itemabas the apostle, after 
being stoned to death, was thrown into » 
iteree fire, that Ms body might be con- 
sumed ; but the fire had no efrecL upon it, 
and St. Mark, carrying the dead body 
beyond the gates of the city wall of 
Cyprus, buried it. There it retnained till 
A.U. 4^5 (that is, 433 yeard), when, Nice- 
phorus Calli:>tu8 assart us, the ghoet 
appeared to Antemius, bishop of Cyprus, 
and told him where his body was to be 
found. The bishop went to the .spot 
indicated, and fonnd the body, with the 
original MS. of St. Matthew** Gospel, the 
very 5IS. written by the hand of thy 
evangelist himself. Both relic-t were 
taken to Constantinople, according to tlie 
f;ho?t*s request ; and a church was built in 
Cyprus on the nite where these treasures 
were discovered. — Nicephorus Callistus 
(died ladO). Church Jltstori/. (S«« also 
Metaphrastes, Lwes, etc. ; St. Isidore, 
I.ivs of Ihe [lol l F'tthi r-;, ch. Ixxxii. ; 
Sigisbert, D« V^ri$ iUu&trti/us, cb. xvii. ; 
Bede, Retractations, at the end of the 
" Acts of the Apostles," ch. iv. ; etc.) 

Thli M8. rviiKht >o dBt«rmliM onw for kll ilio ((u^ttUnu 
m|.rcUri;,- St. .Matttx-w'i Ou>p«l. aurb W (U in wlijit l»n- 
guatfe wiu tl wrttteu. Hebrew or Greek ? It tta« Ou pal 
whicb amr mam bf ih« •vangelin's ihum Uw mm m th« 
"Uri«iiMl Ma." or graaUjr |tifpr(«li«*H (S) Bnaaforiill 
(rf UMdittibthil part* Io Ui« MS. ; if «>, wlticfa w* tlwrv nnd 
which at* nut? If tb« Mij. fuund i* f«naln«. it ihottid 

St. Benedict appears to Bruno {fjeo IX.) 
and cures him of a toad's tenotn (a.i>. 
1002-1054). Bruno, while at schitol, 
went to visit his parents, nnd while 
asleep, a toad jumped on his face, 

sucked his breath, and injected it^ 
poison into his mouth. The hov woke 
witix pain, jumped out of bed, and called 
for lu lp. N" M (>ne came to his call, and 
in the mormng his face, throat, and breast 
were swollen to ea extraordinary degree. 
Several remedies were tnni, but tiir two 
months the boy hung on a thread between 

o 



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18 



APPAnnOKS OF GHBIST 



[Ft. I. 



life end dcalh. At leagifc the ftpparitinn 

of St. ricnedict apfteared to hiru. He 
held in his hand a crucitix, with which 
he toudied the boy*s mouth, aad all the 
other parts affe€t«d by the poison. No 
sooo«r was Uiis done than the swellings 
subsided, and the boy felt better. In a 
day 01 two the ioiposthumes behind iha 
tmn broke, discharged a lar^e qunntity 
of corrupt niatttr, and the rtstonition to 
health was then only a matter of time, 
nnino alwvvt attributed hJs cure in this 
ease to St. ItaMdMfe.— Wibol, Ltf€^St. 
Leo JX. 

On* Ihinf maj' be tAk»n for gnuited. thut the tn«<1 And 
ft. B«i>««llci bjul an equal abare Ui ihU oialad; aiid oire. 

7Vm? ghosts of St. Dominic and of 
S\ot»uu Aqumeu Hft 8t. Andrew Aveliin 
on his horse (a.i>. tG08). liidin^ on a 
hired horse one day to visit the prince 
Stijilinno, St. Andrew Avellin was thrown 
en the •dee of a sharp etoiie and greatly 
hart. Hit feet got entanftled in the 
•tirrupSi nnd tlx* Ii tsi', tt rriried, ran off, 
draggine the ecclesiastic along the stony 
road. In this predicament the ghosts of 
8t. Dominic and Thomas Aquiiin?' mine 
to his help, extricated his feet, wiped the 
Uood from his face, healad lus wounds, 
and set him on bis hone again. — Mgr. 
On^rin, Vies des Saints^ vol. xiii. p. 805. 

yVj,' iiftost if Aiulrftis nt)hola re<ptestx to 
As imuie patron of the ooUege of Finsk 
<AprU 19, A.D. 1702). The Jeanit eolleKe 
«f rinsk was threatened with destruction 
by the Coiaacks of the Ukraine. And 
whila the superior was pondering under 
whose protection to place the college, the 

f host of Andreas Bobola appeared to him. 
t was dressed in the costume of the 
college, and said, You are in want of a 
patron and proliMtor; why not duioM 
me? I am Andreas Bobola, pat to death 
by the Cossacks in 1657, and you wUl 
And wuj body buried in your eollege." 
The rector searched the cr>-pt of the 
eollege, but could find no such name as 
" H^bola so a night or two afterwards 
the ghost appaared to him again, and told 
him to look on Ibe right-hand aide of the 
high altar; and tlierc, sun- on(niu:Ii, 
found a coffin beuriti^ the name of 
M Andreas Vobofat." When the coffin was 
opened the prave-clothos fill to powder, 
but llie body was entire, though "wounded 
with a thousand wounds." The blood 
from the wounds was still fresh, the skin 
was soft, the flesh flexible, and the odour 
sweet and agreeable. "<'e fut ainsi que 
i>ieu, par les plus eclatants mifaclas. 
MdMTva Ini-Mtea h jaaMda da I'aaba k 



m^moire de son serviteur.' — K. I*. Oii- 
vaint, Notice J/istoriqtte $ur te BienheureuM 
Andr^ Boboia de la Co*npaijnie de J^sua. 

T(m miinl«r of Bobohi mm n borrtMe Uva U mutt ba 
Sl»»'i la tfc* t pttmlmm wrSa U ttw bi-^ntpW. "LnCo- 
Mque> I'AUacltwit * lui wtirK. at raccaUiaut de coup*. Ui 
hii pMMAt enautic um oorde au cou, el I'attju i» m •lent. 
Sr* laun cberaus. In eo«^*jiMiit 4 tour chef, k lunov. Lm 
rtpoAW* caicnaa qua le nuirlyr fail * ce harUirt-. 1 irrirnit 
at II recoil pour puniUi'H un ^ rvii l o.u;. uiliri' >ui u 
Ute, La main aull avxit ln»tiiictl«Miieiil en I an 

tat PfMQua cMtacb^ dn lira-, mais le (irtenra d'aiia mort 
Inuniible. Alon> la« lohUli w mirent Ue la parUai L'ua 
lul amk ti* uii (rtl. let autra le oonduldraat 
boHchar ot Hi aUiini4reiit de» tnrchea, at h4 
dlffitranUi partle'> <lii >'mi]i rii lul ilniuindaiit d« I 
4 m fol. Sur wjn rt-iux. on I c li .i a dcinl 
Jcune* bnuidic* vertes umiue-> * l ataiir* ', mi lul At OM 
tuiuurr en lul riilcTMit Ln pcau de U itUi ; on Ir Trii an 
rbasa da tv^tm k lul ciimw ha denu. Soui rhorribia at 
SMMira Hdia^ Sa W Mn nw chMMik OB M I 
Ik paM w doa. On lawita swae mm taiciia yMI 
tunn qui coula 4 St>ts de cetta pUie atrnce ; at 
iichever de (aire un nK>i>*tre de ret liomnie dont Caapaet 
^|x>u>ant« iii<-iti* M« Ix-um-aiit. un kit i'ii(i>nc«i des roiaaut 
BOiu Ir, iitiKlct, aliii (l<> 1- ur di inicr [ .Lii|<ireitce i1e gjXtft:^ 
lul avuir anautle cu4i|>« Ic dm at laa Itrra^ oa la 

>att« MTiM tM 4t taaOar. M MisIiwmss a'Slsnjto 
quNuw wmm 4s shtlr tnfbrm* «e isnsiiiMilai Bait 
bauret aitrt^ le rapltiiliip vawmt |>*r 14, TaSkSia 

aOUp da Mbrc Ifl luni. 1<1'7.' 

(BoboU wat beaUftrd tiiu IX. In 18U.) 

Jestu Christ appears in person to Augut* 
tine, and (fives him the name of ** Th0 
Great Fat)u-r" (a.D. 3M -130). Jesus 
Chritit apivenrcd in person to St. Augus- 
tine, afterwards bishop of Hippo, and 
addressed him as "The Great Father.** 
The special occasion was while he was 
entertaining; a number of poor folk as his 
guests. One of the guests said to tha 
saint, " Magne Pater AngusUna, ganda, 
<\\\\n Filium Dei hodie in came viaere et 
tangere nicruisti." Haring so spoken, 
he disappeand.— St, Angmtiiia, Cb»* 

/«S*«MU. 

Chnsi appean to SH. OMerineof S i e muj 

and (fires her a f>ctrothal riwf (a.m. 1317- 
IStifli). One dav, in the are of tent, 
when all ttia Christian world s s am ed maa 
with folly, Catherine was alone in her 
cell, and cried aloud in fervent prayer, 
**0 Savionr, give me grace that nothing 
may separate me from Thy great love. 
A voice— It was that of her celestial 
SiKJiiHe— replied, *' lie at peace, Catherine | 
1 will never leave thee nor forsake thae.*' 
With these words tha eall was filled with 
heavenly ^'isitants. There was Mary, 
patroness of all virgins both in heaven 
and eaith ; John the evangelist, with tha 
eyes of an enph* and the purity <»f a dove ; 
St. Paul the victorious ; tiie learned and 
angelic Dominic ; and king David, the 
model of penitent love. The Virgin, 
placing the right hand of CaUierine in 
that of her Son, asked Iliin to give bar 
His mystic ring. Tha ring was of gpld| 
wiHi a laina dianHMid« and ionr — 



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fx. I.] 



TO CATHERINE, CLARA, LUTGARDES. 



flfonfa aroand it. The Savionr placed 
the ring on the maiden's fineer, Mying, 
*' I, thy Crattor, with Mv Fatner which in 
fai hmrm — I* (hy Bedcemer aod thy 
Sp o M i e wiM ipnMffvt Mm* pan, till ttet 
dAT when T come to dtim thee as M)r 
fawvwil/ hiid«." Tkc Tiaioa then van- 
Micd, wit the ring feoMined on the Mint's 
finger. She, howerer, alnneemiWBee it; 
to ail otlicrs it was invisible. — Haymond 
of Capua (her couftMor), Lift o/ A. 
Catfun-iw of Sifrui. 

As the rtnft wm whody »uhJ«rWT*. t*'.* riwtltm of her 
tmn bnUn. aikl not nbjertlve. of court* tt «4< rl^iMv lo 
fcarwK kloi>«, bat to bar it wm u r«M»l au th<- Aaig^-r iccu 
kgpMacbelJliB*ttib 

Christ appears to St. Catharine of Sitna 
to comfort her (a.d. 1317-1380). St. 
Catherine of Siena was subject to flts of 
neat despondeocj, followed by ecstasies. 
In on9 of these desponding fits the 

Savunir n[i|H nrr<i (o !)< r, iiaib'd to a cro**, 

as Lie was on Calvarv. " Where wert 
Thon, Saviour," cried Gathaclne, lor- 

tni:;Iy, " while mv spirit within me was 
BO utterly caatduwnif'" "la thy h^rt, 
beloved one," replied Jmus; '* ravished 
by its fidelity, iliere was I to sustain 
tbae in the battle, and to save thee in the 
great water-floods." — Raymond of Capim 
Oer confeMQr)| Lif^ of St, Catkermg 

Jertts Christ and His apoMttea show tkem- 
seivet to 8t. Ciara (a.d. 1846). Jesus 
Chriai OM aifiht appeared to St. Clara. 
\h' was seated on His throne of glorv, 
»urrotinded by John the Haptiat and tbe 
apost]<;«, and' He thomwd 9t. Clam liw 
W4NiDd IB Uia iida. 

Om aaotiiw oecaaioa, MdM was praying 

bf-fi 'Tf fin i in Alt- nf the cruciftcd Saviciiir, 
the image said to her, 1 can refuse you 
Bottiiaiy. Fed assured that those whom 

ymi lovo nrp r/rittrn in the Iamb's Hook 
ot Life. — L(,s I'i-itU JitMiandistcs^ vol. ii. 
p. 440. 

Cfcr*rt,«a beggar^ ap mfonto tkt m o tkt r 
«f ColmAtt 1498). Wh«n Oolaal» 

left bf-r honit' clnnJc-t i nely, being per- 
tuaded to do so by liic ghost ot St. 
DMftinic, her moUier wiis greatly dis- 
tressed, and her cries bronirHf together 
the neighbours to condole wiUi ber. Uo 
going over the hoasa, they were am axed 
to find the door of Columba's chamber 
had not been opened. While this search 
was g^oing on, a l.i ;^gar presented biinwlf, 
Approached the disconsolata mother, and 
•aid, '* WoHMB, I see your haart it very 
tcrT'^^^'ful." "How «"o?" she replied, 
•' i can see it, said lb« atxaogcr ; " i>at, 



believa me, that whkh haa oceunrtd. hat 
happKied by the will of God. Yoar 
daughter has leaned on a stnfl that oao 
never break. Be comforted, for vou will 
•eon lee die hand ef God in thi^ afflictimi.'* 
" Aprfes ces parolr-s," njoute le Confesscnr 
de (^lomba, " cet homme dis()anit, et i« 
soop^onne aa'il ii'iSlait lien moiaaqM le 
Seigneur Jesus, qui dans sa corapawion, 
avait vouln fortifier et consoler cette 
paiivrc more." — Father Sebastian of Pe- 
rouae (Columba's confesaor), Li/0 of 

T^l< itnertiDta U rwrr ■mri.---'; > » 1 •Ho%n how mkAy 
(b* cow l — or «M to «• » fi.ir.w:Ir. .1..U ilW I H U BOthiHa 

MliasiiaijF. 1tasi«iiiM>rrft«>ii wtartWtlHHwibaall 
MM hum twn bImmpi b«iii(. m tfMassnd wlijr 11 

itKMld not ba imm OhrM. 

Christ appears to the forty martyrs m 
prison (a.d. 320). The forty martyrs 
were forty ChristiM soldiers of diffeieofc 
countries in the "Thundering l/egion.* 
The command of tlie fniiH-rur I.;> initis 
seat to Agrtcola, governor of l^ser 
Annenia, for all iiit amy to offer sacriilet, 
being communicated to the ll'th or 
Thundering Legion, then Iving in Se- 
bastl, the forty Christian soldiers finnly 
refused so to dishonour Christ ; and, after 
being punished for insubordination, were 
(»ent to prison. Hero, at ni;;ht. Jcsui 
Chriat Himself came to them while th^ 
were at prayer, and s«d to tfieofi, He 
that bclieveth in Mr, t!i iii^h he dies, yet 
shall he live ; and w^tosoevur livetti and 
believeti) in Me shall never die. Fear not 
them that can torment the body only, but 
know this: to him tlint overcometh will I 
give to eat of the tree of life which is in 
the midst of tbe paradiae of God." — Acta 
AMefemm. (Tlua neneir ia by M«li^ 
phrastls. See the three Disomtrses of St. 
(jregory of Nysaa, vol. ii. p. .tOS ; vol. iii. 
pp. 499, 504.) 

Jex*is Christ and the Virgin often ap- 
peared to St. Lutfardes (a.d. 1246). at. 
Lutgardes was brought up in the convent 
mt lit. Gatberine, near St. Trond, in Bra- 
bant; bat ahehM no tniereligie«a feeling 

tin .'<'.Kn> f '1i ri>1 a[ii'i':ir<-(l to Jut in [n'r--o;i, 
and, opening llis breast, said to tier, 
**Look here, Lutgardes, bow ought you 
not to ]ovr Me V Leiivo the vatiilii's of 
the world, and you atiall tind in Me the 
delights of divine love." These words 
pierced the young maiden like an arrow, 
and wrought a total change in her. She 
III .V lived a life of such penitence end 
prayer, that the other inmates of the con- 
vent Mid her fervour muat aoon bum 
itself out. Tlii^ mv.do hrr very sad ; but 
the Virgin Mary came u> console hec, and 



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APPAiaTlON'S OF CHRIST 



FPt. I, 



Mid, " Feci assured, my daughter, that 
thoM whom mr Son bare OHM fBoeivcd 

will never fall from ^Tnrr." From this 
hf'ur Lutgarde.s grew daily in greater 
f 11 1 iliarity with Christ. One day Christ 
m>kvd In-r wlmtwish lit; should accomnlish 
foi her, and she replied, " liive me Your 
heart." ** Nav," mid Chriat. " nitlu r 
give M« thine." "Take it, Lord, and 
purify it with the lira of Thy love," said 
Lu? iril(^ ; and an exchange of hearts was 
uiade bt^iwuen them. II se tit uoe union 
•i ^rotte et si parftute de resprit er44 

n\ !'f"]trit iTicn c'. fjiif .Testis e'tftit ton- 
joj.rs dans i.utgunii', et que Lut^arde 
^tait toajours hors d'elle-meme pour nc 
vtvie Qtt'cn J^us et poor J^os.*'— ThoniM 
de Cmtimpr^, Vie de ». L^Ogarde, 

Christ Hitneclf appears to St, Ifnnor(f, 
and adminuters to htm the euc^turiat (sixth 
aentoiy). St. Honors, on one occasion, 
went to St. Acheiilus to assist in saying 
mass in the chn[>el of the Vir^n, when 
Christ Himself appeared to hini visibly, 
in human form, and administered to him 
the holy <>Iements with His own hands, 
•'IkI nri i ,r :!;uit ainsi la in*-iiic (;racc ()U*il 
avait faite aux Aputres, le soir de sa I'as- 
•lon.** In memory of uiie event, a divine 
hand is hla/oned in the arms of the abbey 
of St. Acheoliis.— /.is l etUt Uvllandistea, 
vol. T. p. 676. 

Chriat appears to a priest, and Inds him 
take fwd tv St. Benedict , a fterwards pa- 
triarch of the IVf.v/(7-M in V.I). VjA). 
A holy priest of Mount I'reclaro, about 
fonr mile* from Snhiaeo, was jttst nbont 
to eat his Kastor dinner, wh rn ' 'liri''t stood 
before him and said, '* A »vrvant ut' Mine 
it dying of hunger in a cavern, while you 
are about to indul^,'e yourself on tliese 
dainties. " The prie.st, hearing these words, 
^o^c at once, and, taking with him the 
food prepared, was condncted by the 
laaA of God io the roeki near Snoiaeo, 
some fifty inilc.H from Rome, rinrl r-une to 
the cavern iKcupied by 8t, Ik-m aict, and 
nihscquently called *'The Holy Ltrot." 
lie f ninr! the paint, told liim ''God had 
icni limi with food," and reminded iiim 
that Easter Day was no fast-<lav in the 
Chofch. So the two prayed an4 ate to- 
gether ; and, after n day of devout eom- 
nranion, th>. i ri< At returned to his parish 
and St. ikiiedict to his cavero. — St. 
Grcj^ry the tireat, /Korfc^Mi^ bk. ii. 

ChrUt cructjicd appears to St. Jksa uf 
VOerin (tm-1262). One day Jesus 
Christ appeared to St. Rosa, suspended on 
His cross. His hands and feet nailed, His 



head crowned veith thorns, His face black 
and blue, His limbe dialoeatcd, Hie fleeh 

torn nff rn thf bone, and His body covered 
wit h blood and sweat. St. Bosa ucreamed, 
shuddered, and ihittted. When she came 
to herself she was still enable to speak 
for some time, and could only gaze on the 
victim before her. Her veins .swelled, 
her nerves twitched, her heart beat high, 
and she seemed in a terrible agony. In- 
stinctively she beat her arms agninst 
eacli other, tore her hair, and, seizing a 
^ne, t^truck herself on the breast and 
shoulders ; blood gushed from her mouth, 
and she cried aloud, " O my Jesus, why 
art Thou reduced to this pitiuhle stater 
What inhuman monsters could have used 
Thee tiius? Why— oh, why art Thou eo 
cnieUy man^^led, so cruel ly naih' t t t the 
ciirsod tree ? *' "'Tis My love, My burn- 
inj^ love for man," He answered. " Your 
love for man !" she exclaimed; "then 
Yuur love for me hH!4 brought Yuu to thu 
pass. My sins — ah, miserable me ! — my 
sins have done all thie.** She ahrieked, 
she stamped, she tora her hair, she strucK 
herself, and t r-kr ne of her bones with 
the stone. — L'abbe liarascud. Lt/e of St, 
Moaa of VUerbo* 

Christ and muny saints in qtonj nppeat 
to St. Vimetit Ferrter. In l^yO St. Vincent 
Fcrrier fell ill, andevny one thought he 
would die. The crisis occurred on Oct. 3, 
the vigil of the fete of St. Francis. 
Then was fulfilled the saying that is 
written, ** Whoi thou thoa|(fate8t thyself 
on the point to die, then thon didst ilea 
as the star (if the moming." All of a 
sudden the sick-cUamber was filled witt 
lightof celestial splendour, and the Saviour 
of the world, accompanied b^ a multitude 
of the heavenly host, and with the patri- 
archs* .St. Dominic and St. Francis, pre- 
sented Himself to the sick man, and said 
to him, Vincent, rise up safe and aonnd, 
and gn forth to preach a|^aiIl^^t sin. For 
this end have 1 chosen thee. Warn 
sinners to be converted, for the kingdom 
of ht-aven is at hand." The Saviour th^n 
told !iim Uiree things: first, tliat He would 
coniirm him in grace, that his preaching 
might have fne coune and abonnd; 
eeeottdly, that he ehotild eome out tm- 
Bcathed from all persecutions; and thirdly, 
He gave him special directions how to 
exercise the apostlcship committed to hie 
charge. Then touel^;:' the saint's face 
with His right hand. He said, ** O my 
l^DMSent, rise ;" and with these words the 
vision vanished. The sick man felt that 
he was restored to health, and his heart 



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Pr. I.] 



TO JOHN-JOSEPH, THKKKSA. 



waa full of heavenly cooftoLtUioDs. — Peter 
KanzAno (bishop of Laeen), Life of St. 

Yiiiccnt FcrrU'r. 

Tiii* ap)s-trlti<iti ri'«^)untrtl by Fnhw Ranwart. th« 
DKMl iri>! of tUf (••■■♦(raiihrr't hi. Viiic^iil Kerrlrr. U 
KlM;anUsU7 ict.^' .t'- l Or I he >aiuI UitiittU tu » Uumr 
It* P0|W lielKfJict Xni.. A.D. 141L 



Apjyjri'tuin.t of Chn'si nrul of tht! Virgin 
Alary 6t. Juhn-Juacph of tlu: Cross (a.d. 
1664-1734). St. John-Joseph had frequent 
•crtii W i in which atate he was dead to 
the onter world, neither seein;;, hearing, 
niir ftfc'lin^', but rosliri;; imuiuvftble as a 
stAtue, with his face burning brii(bt as * 
live coai, and « nimbus •dnounding hi* 
Lead. In one of these tranft[M)rt8 the 
Virgin ap|ieared to him, and convemed 
with him. One ChriitnM Ev« **reDfant 
J<^U8 de«cendait dansses bras, et yretttait 
plusieufB heures de suite." (See *S r. Ca- 
JKTAX, Sr. Cki-kita, pp. 25, 2lj.) — <'ar- 
dinal Wiseinun, contributed to Mi^me's 
Dtfmimstmtkmt Evarvjtflifiucs, vol. xvi. 

Sundry apparitions to Philip of Xrri 
(a.i>. 15l5-l.^jy.'i). tJue Christmas Eve 
Christ showed Him^telf t^> Philip of Neri, 
in the form of a little chiM tipon the altnr. 
The beauty of the vi»i«nj vim surjMiJsaing 
thriii^'ht. l'hili|) ofun saw in the host a 
muilitude of angels, and all the glory of 
paradise. He twice mw the Vi rgin M ary ; 
onrp when slut held up the roof of tlie 
church At Vullicella, which tiireatened to 
fait upon the eongragation ; and oaee, 
iitx»ut a year afterwards, when he was 
sick, aud she came to cure him. — liuil of 

Ua 



lasVaUMkb 

Apparitions of CkHtt lo A. TkertM 
(A.IK 151&-lf>82). 

(1) As the love of St. Theresa for God 
ari'l Christ increased, the niali;^nity of 
Satan to her increased abo. She stated 
her CMe to five or aix mastera, who told 
h< r to take more f mi, to ciate more 
with the sisterhood, and to .shorten her 
leli^ae exereiiee. She followed this 
advice for three years, but in thii period 
the Saviour often came to coiiBole her j 
and one day said to her, " Fear not, my 
daughter ; it is 1 who apeak. I will never 
leave thee, nor fomke thee.*' These 
CoTP ''r rting words b.'intshed her doubts; 
and, no lunger fearing the devil, she defied 
him, saying, ''Come on now, with all 
VfTur legion. As Christ is with me, 1 
care not who may be ft;^aiast nie," 
'l uough Clu'ist sometimes showed Ilim- 
•elf to her in » •enuble form, Ue more 
fnqncnUjr minifrfiwl Himidf to her 



spiritual eyes. Her oonfeasof and enpe* 
nor, ttill believing theto vititationt to b« 

Satanic, t' Id her, when they ap|ieared 
i^^in, to make the sign of the crusa, to 
turn her back, to quit her oratory, ud 
change her pbioe. She d l ns she waa 
told ; but Christ, far irum thinking her 
rude and unlovi ng, only loved her the more, 
and said to her, "You have done well, 
my daughter, in obeying your directors ; 
but be atmured it is 1 Myself who ap|>ear 
to you, and honour you with My presence." 
For two yeere the Saviour never left her 
side, I u; wrir' ever with her to instniL-i, 
console, and lortify her. After thy two 
years were ended, the wholeTtinity abided 
with her for fourteen years, in a visible 
form at least, so far as the immortal can 
be vi.siblo to u niorUil. Jjhe was also 
viKited by the Virgin Mary, St. Joaeph, 
St. I'eter and St. Paul, St. Dominic, ^ 
Francis, St. Catherine, St. Clira, tcu 
thousand martyrs, and mauy other saints 
of both sexea. 

(2) On one occasion God the Father 
appeared to her. and said, *• My daughter, 
I have given to you My Son, the Holy 
Ghost, and the iileaaed Virgin; wiiat 
more can 1 give ? " On another occasion, 
Je-it" Clirifit ap|><!Ared before her, ar, 1, 
putting llig right hand, printed with the 
nuil, into her hand, said, " See this nail* 
print. It is the si)^n of My ninrria^c con- 
tract with you. Lre long you sUiiU be 
My bride, and nothing shall separate you 
from the love of God your Saviour." 
So full washer heart that she cried aloud, 

O God, euliirge m/ heart, or it will 
burst witl) lovo. ' 

(3) When St. Theresa founded the 
mona!4tery of Seville, Jesus Christ came 
to vtatt her, and said, " i'hou kauwest^ 
daughter, there is a marriage contract 
iietween thee and Me. Thou art Minci 
and 1 am thine." 

(1) Out day St. Thcre-a l.iielt in 
prayer before a picture of Christ, beseech- 
ing her heavenly Spouse to save her from 
ever ofTendipg Him, in thought, word, 
or deed. From this moment the Lord 
Jesus held fellowship with her ; often 
talking with her face to face, .npeakin^' iu 
human speech in her own mother tongue. 

(6) TluTL-sa beini( on one occasion at 
her devotions, the Lord appeared to her 
with St. Peter and St. Paul. He first 
showed her His hands, whirli n, 
c^Ie^itiai splendour ; lie thcnreveaied His 
face; and continued with her for the 
space of three days. 

(Uj Being at uias;^ ua I'lml s Uay, 



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APPARITIONS OF FfLtmENA, 



[Pr. I. 



Cbrift nwMufcsted Htoi»elf to her in His 
bmum form, but Hia body was glMifled. 

This intoTfoar-ie cnntinufd for three yeftn*. 
when a »era{*h came with a tianiiuK 
and pfcrced her to the heart. The jiain 
of this wotind never left her to the hour 
of her death.— John (of Jesua Maria), 
Life of St. Tlwrc^a. (She left her auto- 
biography, which was carried to the year 
16fS), thai is, within two yem of ber 

St. FUumcua, a maetct-nth-rciitury sninty 
amrU ker dMily. St. Filomena wan 
wholly unknown till a.d. 1802, and where 
the U\ cd, when phe lived, what she did, 
and how she dn- i, .ire wholly unknown. 
Never mind. In l<jU2 a grave was found 
in tiie eemeterr of St. Prtacillft, «kl near 
it Nv. r<- tlirf f tilep, oontnlning these 
*• words," in re<l letters — 

[TrMKxT] I PAXTK J I CVMFl j 

By chiiii- )ti- the position of the tiles we 
get \ J ) CUMKI l.iMKX.v, and by 
separating the Icttcit into words, we get 
PAX Twcun FtLtrnKM A. That this it the 

rnrn ot rcnderin>{ tlicre can he no doubt, 
fur the *' virgin nmrtyr" herself told a 
priest and a nm to in a dream. She 
tnlil thcui »he was called "Filumena" 
becautie she was Fi[lia] Lumenn," the 
dugbter of the " Light of the World." * 
In confirmation of t£ii revelation, when 
the bones were emried to Hagiuuio, the 
saint repaired hrr -wn skeleton, nmde 
her hair grow, aod uerfurraed so many 
•fber miftdea, that those who doubt the 

stnttnirnf cf thf "virji'i innrtyr" ^ron'.d 
not be conrinced even il ihey tiieiiiht- ives 
luid dreamt the dream. 

TV ghosts of m. HUatu^ St, Martin, 
mnd St. A<ffutn appear to «. LmmtHu to 
annotmoe hisdeath (A.n./iftO). St. I-contiuH 
Uved in the town of Mentenay, and via» 
Abbot of the monnatery there. While he 
was still far from old ape, t!ie ^Ik^sn of 
St. Hilary, St. Martin, &ud St. Agiian 
Appeared before him, as he was lying on 
his wretched (mllet in the baptistery, and 
laid to him, Ytt within three days, and 
we will come to carry you to pjirndise." 
On the third day they came again, and 
•ud, ** All tbiniTs are vendy ; hasten to tha 

feast." St. I.e ntius requested R rrprieve 
of thr^diiys, thut lus dead body riiight 
be wrapped in a robe which had been 
pmmiHed hifu. The deUy was accorded 
him, aod be instantly sent hii nephew 
lo • BObl* dnoM t» any, **Oiir father 
• nm taj • h »s sas sC -UmmT nfcm ss 



Leontius is about tu quit tUiii wurid, atid 
has sent uie for the mortuary rolie." 
** Fool that I am," ijaid the dame, it ia 
not ready ; but our good father is still 

hale, ritui many ihiyn ln-f-.rc him. 

Tell hiu) I will send the rube in three 
days." In three days the robe arrived. 
In three days the good al)bot died. Ia 
three days the same three 8atot« came, 
and earned his sool to pamdiaa. .dnciwif 
Breviary of 'I'rot/es. 

The ghost of Sit. JohnofBettrfeyconJfrms 
the ci<itni vf K<l\Ciini I. to tin; lordsfnp of 
licoUamL Edward I. founded his claim 
to the lordship of Sceihmd on these f onr 
|il'n-: (1) Ancient chronicles, whi-h 
atate that the Scotch kin|n paid huniage 
to tta Bovereigns of England from time 
immemoriul. Extrtictn in proof are givea 
from St. Alban, AMarianus Scotu?, Kalph 
of Diecto, Roger of Hoveden,and William 
of Malmesbnry ; (2) old charters td 
Scottish kings, as ttioae of Edgar, son of 
Malcolm, William, and his son AI- x i;i>i r 
II.; (8) papal rescripts, ma those of 
Honorius III., (jrojrory IX., and Clement 
iV. ; (4) "The Life and Minioles of St. 
Jolm of Beverley." The extract referred 
to in the last plea runs thus: "In the 
reign of Adelstan, the Scota iuTaded 
England, and eoninitted great devasta- 
tion. Adelstan went to drive them back, 
and, on reaching the Tyne, found that 
the Soots had retreated. At midnight 
the prhofst of St. .Ti>lin of Beveriey appeared 
to Adci&taa, aod bade him crons toe river 
at daybreak, for he should assuredly 
discomfit the foe. Adelstan obe^'cd the 
vi.sion, and reduced the whole kingdom 
to sultjection. Ou renchlnj^ Dunbar in 
bis home march, Adelstan prayed that 
some lasting sign might be vottebsafied 
him to satisfy all o^res that God, by the 
intercciktiuu uf St. John of lieverley. bad 
civt'u to England the kingdom of goot" 
land. Then »truck he with his sword the 
baoaltic ruck near the coast, and the bUde 
sank into the solid stone "as if it had 
been butter," cleaving it asnnder an eU 
or more. As the deft remania to tlM 
present hour, none can doubt or dispute 
the ju!>tice of tlie plea, — liyintr, I 'wacra^ 
vol. i. pt. it p. 771. 

Thr ghost of St. John Nepomuck pleads 
the cawte of a wtaan unjtutlg comiemned. 
A lady of noble birth was unjustlv cast 
in a lawsuit, and raemohalise<i the 
emperor l^eopold. She put her memorial 
on the altar of St. John NeporK h k, 
she lateoded mass ; and, after ib« »ervioe 
vaa avert ^ mad. )im dwmiMBt had 



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Pt. I.] 



MARTIN, MICIlAr.L, JAN'CAmiTS. 



Faur days afterwards the 
lady pat another menorial on Hm tame 
■liar; and, when she returned to take it 
UJ^ discovered in ita itciul her original 
paper, signed with tha aniperor's name, 
rpvrr«in^ the «pnt*»nt-p. Tnis schedule 
had gone, from i''rague to Vienna and 
back again in four days, which was 
iaspoaaiblai except by mimde. Oa 
fwtlier inqvlfy it was found that St. 
John Ntponiuck, wfm li i4 l><H.'n some 
time dead, bad pleaded her cause, and 
obtatnad lha anperor's sixnataia to the 
re riK.nst ranee. — Acta &uid£ofmn (B^Uail- 
Uitit»>, vol. V. p. 600. 

7%« gkost of St. Mitrtin appear* to 
Uertem of Tburj (a.d. 1021). Herveus, 
having restored the grand basilica of 
Tours, prayed St. Martin to cek-brate the 
day of opening with some great miracle. 
81. Martin arpexrad to Mm and said, "My 

Tcn- rlinr -nn. what yon ftflk vrm 
receive, and more too; but as for miracles, 
tiMM already wrosfffat will soffice for the 
pnacnt. Now is the rcnpini* titne. and 
ywtt prayer should not be for miracicB to 
convert soals, but for converted soulr^, 
flt lor God's gamer. As for uie, I will 
not cease to pray God on your behalf. 
Many are too much attached i" iIh' Uiiiij^s 
of this world, and mv prayers have 
oMaiMd (with great diflwulty) the Mira- 
tion of some nf these. In regard to 
yourself, mv dear son, finish Uie work 
yon have taken in band ; and believe me 
when I say, that it is a work most ijlcnsinj* 
aod acceptable to God." When the clcrtiy 
were assembled for the dedication of tne 
church, HervCua repeated to tiiem the 
words of the appniitioB.— L'abbd Koiland 

Sionorary canoa ot Tonn), Xi/« o/ 
errcua. 

The archanifri Mk^ad appean to St. 

J/n'>--rt r.f Brittany (a.ii. 714}. After the 
death ot his parents, St. Hubert longed 
to join them in paradise ; and one day 
while he was in nis garden (since called 
St. Hubert's garden), he knelt on a stone, 
an l prayed (iod to take him to Himself. 
The arciiangel Michael was instantly at 
Ilia iM»i toid him his prayer was heard, 
and that God wr ilil remove him from 
earth to henTeo wjthiu three days. His 
joy was boundless, bnt when ho told hiD 
vi,->ion to tlie monk-*, sorrow filled their 
h«artsj.— vlc^a ikmctorwn (ItoUaudisLs), 
Yol. viii. May SO. 

8t. Michttei appeart to the bi»hop of 
Siponto. By "tne apparition of St. 
MicJuicI," the [Ki'itiriUj < ut'n lic Cliiirch 
means hia appouance to the bishop of 



Siponto, when he commanded him to 
bmld a diofdi and dedleatt it to 84. 

^liihnnl The legend is this: In the 
pontiticatc of Gelasius I. there was a man 
named Gargano, very rich in cattle, who 
happened to lose a bull. After long 
Huirch, Gargano Mme to a cave, which the 
men with him refused to enter ; but one 
of then shot an anow into Hie onrc, and 
the anow. after penetratuifr ^ 

returned rmck Ui the ebooter. 'lliis 
seemed very strange ; and the bislK>p at 
Sipoote, who was one of the aearehers, 
prayed and fasted for three day.M, that 
the mytttcry might be reveak-d Ut him. 
At the expiration of that time St. Michael 
appeared, and informed him that he (St. 
Michael) was himself in the cave when 
tht !irt( w waa dischar^red therein, and 
that it was be who had turned it back 
again by Ilia own band. Me then eom* 
manded the 1 i-li ]i to build n. ^hur h on 
the »it« of thi:i miracle, and dedicate it 
to St. Michael and alt angels." The 
bishop then entennl the cave, and foand 
it titled up like a beautiful ckapei ; so he 
celebntted mass in it, and many miracles 
made it noted. Subsequently a church 
was built on the site, called Mount 
Giirf^nno, from Garjrano, the farmer whose 
bull was lost, but the name was changed 
to St. Aogelo'a Mount, from the ** appnrf- 
tion of St. Michael." This mount is in 
the Capitanatc, near Muuiredunia, in the 
kingdom of Naples. — ICdward Kinetmao 
(tf>i»3), Lives of the Saints, p. 311. 

•^7. Januarius appears to an Ud man 
llc^:ordin'f to a compact. A certain old 
man rcqaested bt. Januarius to leave him 
•ome memento of bb martyrdom, which 
.T^iniinriiis promised to do. Att' r In .v 
beheaded, the saint made his appearance 
to this old man, and gave him the napkin 
wet with blood, wh! h had been h'Mii \ 
over hiss eyes at execution. The ola ni.m 
showed the napkin to the oflicera, who 
recognized it, uid vouched for its identity. 

At the von' hour of execution, t^e 
devil seized 'iininiheua, the ^,'overiior of 
BeocTentum, who had ordered Januarina 
to be put to death, and, after tomcnting 
him, killed him, and CMt bim into ttan 
1 ott<imlci!ii pit. 

The mother of Jannnrioa MW in ■ 
\ ision ttic dr;ith t f lu r son, and thnnl.cd 
God thut lie wu.>« deemed worthy ot a 
martyr's crown. — Th§ Momtm Jtnvkirjf 
futd Martifniogy, 

A. J^ctti^ ttppeoTt to 9t, itfmnHAsr, ontf 

as^i'tns him nor/: m '!iu!(\.i<. \ 'N-fi. 
While ttt. Amaodus was waiting fur a 



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u 



APPARITIONS OP THB TIBGIH HAKT 



[Pr. t 



**call," he was shut up in a cell on the 
rnminirt-s of ISourges. Here St. I'ettr 
appeared to him, surrouaded with a great 
light. BU tmet was that of an old man, 

but it was cncnnipAHscd with a gl'"»ry. 
**Amandus," said the apostle, "God 
d««m yon to go lo tfao Uauls, and has 
promispd you a great han'est of souls." 
Aiimncius obeyed without delay, and 
mottled in the piivH de (iaiul. — Menjoulet 
(vicar-general of Ba}'onae), fit. Amami, 
Ajidtre d$$ Batquet. 

St. Peter apjteart to St. Peter Nolasco 
(A.i*. \m-l2b6), St. Peter Nolasco, 
ffbinider of the Order of Mercy, had always 
."I L'Tt^iit dpsirp to po to Rume, to render 
ii'iuiu^e to the t'lmb of hin nauicttakc. It 
was bis intention to go harefoot ; but one 
dftv, as he was making arraogemeoU for 
this pil|irrimsge, the "prineo of tiie 
ajHistlt ' I -me to him. and sai l tlirifp, 
'* Peter, as you have not been to see me, 
] have come to see you." Lifting up his 
eyes, he beheld thr npofttlo in the very 
slate in which bcwus cruciiii ii. Peter, 
■aid he, **nll the good wislips of saints 
nre not accomplished in this life. I 
wished to die with my hfA downward)*, 
to iniikc it known that ^ii|>«'ri<>rfl ^limild 
conform their ajjirits and their thoughts 
to the necoaaitieB of their inferiors, in 
imitatioo of our Master, who hmt His 
head to my feet when lie condcscemifd 
lo wash tbem." From this day forth 
Kolasco did sonietliing every day in imi- 
tation of St. Peter, and sometimes got a 
iii>>iik to tic him by liis feet to the head 
of his bed. When, however, bis sniritual 
father was told thereof, he strictly for- 
bade it, as dangerous to health, if not 
hazardous to life. — K. P. F. Zumel, 
of St. Peter Nolasco (in Ijitin). 

Aiixtritvn vf St. PhUip of Xeri to 
dame Ifruaitm Ftinliua, and to Leonard 
Pouel fdied IM5). After death, Philip 
id Ken appeared to several persons ; for 
example, to dame Dnwins Fantina, who, 
having fallen fn.m a consiUrrabU' height, 
bad her skull severely fractured, and b«r 
body much braised. In a momi^nt, the 
ghost of St. Philip was at )iir fiiie, to 
comfort her ami n>store her to heallli. 

Jnother cj-uitj'/f, is his presence to 
Leonard Rouel, while at the point of 
death. St. Philip cnnie to his bed, and 
inon ly said, " .My son, go in p<:'a< i'." 
when the dving man rose from bis bed in 
perfect health.— /Vooifss of CanonitatiM, 
(This "l^octss" is crammed with 
mincles, some during the life of tbe 
vuoli wad worn tfter hii death.) 



The ghost of St. Thonuta of Canterbury 
apfx-'irs to St. C'Uhcrtne of hoiiMjna (a,i>. 
Ui'6-im), One day SL Oatherioe, 
weary of work, fell asleep in her prayers, 
when St. Thomas of Canterbury ap- 
f)eared to ber, clad in his pontiJical robes, 
and told her that she wis not to wear 
herself out, even with prayer and f^nad 
works ; that she was now to relax ii litUe, 
that she tnii^ht renew her strength, and 
return with more vigour to her duties. 
He then gave her Mn IuhuI to klsa, and 
vanir«hed from her sight. — PaU-ottl (of 
tlie Order of St. Francis), Ltfe of St, 
Catherine of Bolo<^. 

Tin; tjhost of Va^t extinijuishes a 
frc (sixth century). Some years alter 
the death of St. Vaast, bishop of Arras 
and Cambrai, A fire broke out in the 
house where he used to dwell, and 
threatened to de-'r i\ the whole town of 
Arras. A woman named Abita invoked 
the name of the deceased prelate to assirt 
in putting,' <uit the I'onflajjralion. Where- 
upon she saw St. Viuutt in tlie midst of 
the flamea, commanding them to cease 
tlieir ravages. Wonderful to relate, not 
only the chamber once occupied by the 
bishiip was wholly uninjured, bnt the 
very bed and bedclothes were untouched. 
This **mirade" increased the honour in 
which the name of the late prelate whs 
held. — Surius, Ltvea of Ute Saints, vol. i. 
(I57U). 

I'he Virgin Mary appears to St, Aqnes 
of Mount Pulciano (a.d. 1274-1317). 
When St, .A^nes was only fourteen years 
old, the Virgin Mary appeared to bei^ 
and gave her Aree little stones of great 
bf-auty, saying: to her, '* 5Iy child, Tx-fore 
you die, yuu will build a monastery in 
my honour. Take these little stones to 
remind you that this rt'lij^ioiis hou?e mn^t 
l>e founded on the fuith utid confession of 
the high and indivisible Trinity." * 

Another instance. On Assumption £vn 
the Virgin Mary brought to Agnes the 
infant .fi ?iiis, Jill ! [ ! u-eij Iliin in her arms. 
Agues, beside ht-rseif with joy, took from 
His neck a crneiBx stndded'with pearls. 
In Oiristian art, the infant .Testm is 
represented giving her the cross, as He 
leaves her arms. 

The Virifin Mary appears to St. Bont 
(a.d. 623-710). On the eve of the As- 

* Earn* ttmS sAmnmh. bii snael rerolnclad AfMS 

of tht'-^ thrf<» «t<»>r< nt-i.t l.il 1 lirr (hr (im ■ *i.u> fill) OMW* 
«hi'ii tlie II K''it Id Ik)^|!i llir ii>t.>riil. llo ulJlI it-v «u 
to buiui It on iLn ^Ui vtufTv ttue mm atiackad t» ib« 
niok«i*r« Devil AMLun. eld. that w»» twiliitlrls 
it to "TtM Ha\y TrtiiXfMid Um Incoiu|Ma.l4« Vtrtbii,* 
•uSdwt HwMi»b*«ltts Ortsr M Sb tttmMSif^ 
BsvaMMi sCOwM^ 14^ V* 4tiNa 



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Ft. I.l 



TO CA.IETAN. CYRIL. 



THERESA, JUL! AW. 



«5 



•nmptioD, Si. Boot detcrmioed to pass 
th« whole night in St. MiebMlV Gbttfch. 

While he wa« deep in prayer, lllft Yiisin 
Mary appeared before him in great light, 
•eomponied by a boat of satnta and 
ppirits of the just made perfect. These 
heavenly visitant* forthwith got all thinga 
ready for celebrating mass ; and, when 
all was in order, the Vi^n was asked 
who was to offkiate. She replied, ** St. 
Bont, who is already in the church." On 
bearing these words, St. Bont leaned 
•tfainst one of tfie chvrefa fMlars to hide 
hincfplf, whereupon the stone pillar be- 
came instantly plastic, and the impression 
of the saint's body was left in it as an 
intaglio, which may be seen by any who 
chooso to look for it. The angels soon 
found the bishop, nnd 1»'<1 him to the 
Viigin, who commanded him most gra- 
elmisljr to **olfer up the dirine sacrifice." 
St. Bont instantly arrayed himself in hi^ 
•aoerdotal robes, and went to the altar. 
The saints assisted, and the angels took 
part with them in chanting the service, 
w'hen n as« was finished, the Virgin gave 
at. Kont u chasuble, and told him to take 
care of it as n pledge of her favour. This 
cbasnUe, a fine delicate material, re- 
mained at Clermont till 17r>;{, when it 
was de8tro3'ed accidentally by tire. — 
PttiU BoUmditU (7th edit 1880), toL i. 

p. 3**1. 

Virgin Man) appears fn St. Cnjc- 
tamtf Thienna (A.r>. 1547). One Hirist- 
mas Eve, while St. Cajetan was in the 
Basilica Liberiennc, meditating on ttie 
Incarnation, thrViririn Mary appeared to 
him, and placed the infant Je!<us between 
bia arms. It is thus he is often re- 

SresentedinChriptinnart. (Sec Sr. Jchin- 
oaEPH, St. Coi-ETTA, pp. 21, 2H.)—Les 
J*Hit9 BoitamdigUi, roL ix. p. 393. 

JTit Virgin Mary appears to St, Cyril, 

gtneral of Mount Carmel (a.i>. 1z24). 
t. Cyril, afterwards pfneral of ^Inunt 
CsraieL greatly distressed at the heresies 
which DM corrupted the Church, wished 
to withdraw hini^elf entirely from the 
society of man, that he might have only 
God to do with. Wliile revolving this 
matter in his mind, the Virgin Mary 
came to him, with a face mnfestic and 
brilliant as the .lun. and !»aid to him, 
Mv son, if you would avoid the heresies 
«f the Greeks, seek an asylnm on Mount 
Cannel, and follow the course which 
shall be shown von there." In obedience 
la this Tirioo, St Cyril sold all bia poa- 
iessions, gara the money to the poor, 
and startM forSjrria. At Jeruaalem he 
1 



met St. Brocard, prior-general of Mount 
Qurmel, who took him to his cell, and 

the Virgin Mary apain came to him, and 
told him it was here he ought to dwell, 
if he would aseape the perils of heretical 
doctrines ; so next day he anlend tha 
brotherhood aa a novitiate. 

Another appearance. When St. Cyril 
was made general of Mount Cannel ha 
found the place almost a desert, but th« 
Virgin came to him for the thinl time, 
and said, " Ere long many persons of 
rank will join the order, and affiliated 
monasteries will arise in all (!irections. to 
the glory of God, and advantage of the 
Church." This prophKic promise was 
most amplv redeemed. — Le$ FetiU JM* 
Un.i!$te$. vol. iii. pp. 200-202. 

The Vtrgin M>irq and St. Joseph aviH'ar 
to St. T/tereta {a.o. 1515-1682). While 
St. Theresa waa bafldiBg a convent, the 
Virgin Mar>' nnd St. .Tosejih appeared to 
her, and promised assistance ; by their aid 
she overcame every obstacle, and brought 
her work to a successful issue. By the 
same divine as.sistance she was enabled 
to l.uild tifteen religious houses, all well 
known in Spain. — John (of Jeans Maria), 
Life of St. Thereto. 

The Vir<]in Muri; ajiprnr<t to St. Julian, 
btshop of CuoH'u, on the daif of hia death 
(Jan. Ste, 1207). St. Julian, being sick 
unto death, waa laid in ashes on the • 
tlour of his cell. Tresently the Virt;in 
Mar>', surrounded with angels and a 
company of viigiiia, enter^ the cell, 
singing these words: **tio! here tiia 
man of (l«>d, who lived not unto himself, 
but to the Lord ! AUelujah ! " Then 
came the Virgin forward and said to 
him, " Heloved of my Son, take this 
lamp, the symbol of virginity, so well 
guarded by thee throughout ail thy life, 
and enter into the joy of thv Lord.** 
The words were scarcely utterea, when a 
pulm linmrh proceeded from his nioiitli, 
whiter than snow. Up, un it shot, with 
marrellotts rapidity, ttll n reached the 
sky, and its top was hidden out of sight. 
When it pierced the skv, celestial musio 
was distinctly heard. So died St. Juliaa, 
bishop of Cuen^a, Jan. 28, 12U7. — 
Acta Sanctorum (Jan. 28). This life 
was nbri<lged from the BoUandists by 
P. Uiry. The chamberlain of pope Leo 
ZIII. lepcata the above in hla Viet det 
Saints (7tb cdiL 1880), vol. ii. p. 90. 

OiM b temptMl (o WlloT* thitt tKo Inridrats alMv* 
ncordad mu«l b« »lleeorioil. but tbej ghrii b} U)« 
Mithora ulfuS to nbof* m Uktarte (acta, and MM Mm 
■ligbwrt Ubi li SMis Ii ImI Iks Miv ts MsVMteihvw 



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« APFARITTOIIB OF 



The Yurgin and Child appear to StatUs^ 
ftfiM JSnCfci (Bizieenth century). During 
•ickness, and toward* th« cIom of 
life^ th« Virgin Mary aftficArttd to St. 

Stanislaus Kostka. She ha<i ber Child 
in hier Mmi, and regarded the sick man 
with tbe aweetMt graciousiiMa. Wbtn 

ihe vrtnishcd, she placed the Child on 
Kostka'g bed, and left Uim there. From 
this moment he btgKH to amend, at 
which the |)hycioiftn« marvelled ; but he 
went on puliienn^' strength daily, till he 
was wholly convalescent. — WU't Kiba- 
dcoeira, T/tt Fkneerof the Live* of SauUt, 
The Vinjm and CMd aftpear to Jmnm 
Morir ,!r M'uHi' 14141. When 
Jeanne Marie de MaUltf was only eleven 
vean old, tho Virgin Harr, iMoring the 

infint Jesna on her left nrm, npp*^fin>d to 
her. In her ri^ht hand Bhc earned & 
Tessel filled with dropa of the Saviour's 
blood, and sprinkled some of it on the 
young ^rirl, who from that moment WM 
more vividly alive to tiie iiiysteries of 
tbe croMf and the atoning aufferinus of 
Chriet. From that imy Jemne Marie 
carried m h> r lin%om a crucifix painti'd 
on parchment, which she often wept 
over.— I/abbe Rolkud, JU/# o/ Juouu 

ApfHirition of the Vir<pn to $eoeral 
children in Pontmun (Jan. 17, 1H71), 
The last apparition of the Vii^in Mar>', 
if we except that <»f Ballyraggctt, in 
Tr.'i.iml, in 1H81, was at the dose of the 
Fraoco-rrussian War, Jan. 17, 1H71. 
Tliia case is recorded at length l>y Mgr. 
Gu<^rin in his VU^s dts Samts, vol. i. pp. 
444-450, and is certified by M. l^t'un 
GuillM't secretary of the bishop of LavaI, 
who writes this declaration: — (1) Wo 
decide " aue l lmmaculee Vierge Marie, 
yibre de DieUf a vt-ritaldcnient apparu, 
le 17 Janvier 1871, k Eugene Barbedette, 
Joseph Harbedette, Francoiae Kieher, ct 
Jeanne Marie Lebos8<(, aans le hameau 
de Pontmain.** (2) In consequence of 
this apparition heaaya, '* Nous autorisons 
dans nutre diocese le cultc derla bienlicu- 
reuse Vierge Mnrio, fcou.* le titrc de Notre 
Dame d'Espe'rance de Pontmain. (3) 
Nous avona form^ le deasetn dVlevtr u 
sanctuaire en l*homiettr de Ifarie wot le 
term in nicnic duipa-l Kile a dAjgn<< appa- 
raiire." Mgr. Uu<<rin'8 narrative is 
**impTim(Ce avcc la permission de Mgr. 
IVvi-que de l.nvn! : " and M^r. (iucrin is 
himself " Caiui ricr dc && tiMUtmUi Leon 
XI It." This, therefore, has the highest 
sanction whic-h the Catholic (liurch can 
giTO. It was previously submitted to 



TUB TISGIN MART t^^l. 

certain " Doctcurs-M<5diccn8 appeles k 
tfmettre leur jugement sur lea circon- 
stanoea." Also (o a commission **de 
tb^l(^i:ren8 ebai)^ d'ctadiw le Hit 
[iftvitt' iiu {iiiint dc vue de la thecloi^ir," 
it was deinoDstrated by tbcm that the 
apparition eoiild not be attribnfeed **ni % 
la fraude oa k rimpoetare, ni k une hal- 
lacination, ni k on ^t maladif des 
organes de la vue chez les enfanli, ni k 
une illusion d'optique." \Vho were the 
persons who saw the apparition ? us 
see what the chamberlain ^ays. Eugi-ne 
Barbedette was the second son of a small 
fanner Hiing in tlie Tillafe of Pontmain, 
in the diocese of Laval. He wa.s twelvn 
years old, and his brother Joseph waa 
ten. The other two wwe diildfen freai 
nei^^hbouringcottagfs, rnllrd into witneai 
the ssiKht. The (Mirenta ot the children, 
the pastor of the village. Sister Vitaline^ 
the abbot Guerin. all present, rnuld see 
nettling, nor cnntd any of the ncit^hbours 
of outlyinc; villni^ert who flocked to the 
place* Only the children mentioned, a 
aiek child, and a babe in the anna of ita 

grandniof firr the apjvarition. I.ct us 
nuw t>ee what it woii the^ children saw. 
It was a bright starlight nicht,* crisp 
and frosty, wfien Ku^rbne Barbedette 
declared he could sec, just above the roof 
of the opposite cottage, the Virgin Mar>'. 
She waa very tall, robed in blue, and her 
mbe staddea whh etave. Her sboee were 

uljio bhit', but had red rosettes. !!ct fare 
was covered with a black veil, woicb 
floated to her shovlders. A crown ef 
gold wa«f on her head, but a red line waa 
obscr^'ed to run round the crown, sym- 
bolical of tlie blood shed by Christ' for 
the sins of the world. Beneath ber feet 
waa a scroll, on which was written these 
words: "Mais pricz, mes enfants, l)i«'u 
vous exaucera, en pcu de tempe mon file 
ae laiese toneher.** The persona pieeeni 
sang a cantirif, the Vir^'in beat time n ith 
her hand, and when the • canticle was 
finished the vision vanished piece bv 
f)iece. As we h:i\r nlrcjidy observen, 
unly children i<avir the viiiion, the oldest 
being twelve years of age, and tlie 
youngest an infant in arms. Many men 
and women, from the abbot and pastor, 
the nuns and parents of the children, to 
the neighbours all around, looked in the 
direction indicated, bnt aaw nothing un* 
usnal. Well, sayn the chambrrlain in 
concluding his narrative, " pom se mani- 
fester aux hommea, la SaiiUe Vit-rKC a 
choiai dc<^ y* ux simpb*. S< niblablea k 

• ItMiaoaa vu ftiU OB Um 



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Pr.LJ TO ST. ROBERT, liEiNRT, VERONICA, HERMANN. 



its enax troublc'es, ics ames p^cherMses 
•u^t^Dt inal rodcclii savdle^sU: image." 

This U no legpttd of anlli) Uly, no ttorj <roiu t> ><iki. iu> 
boanajr iiK.-i«lciit ; tl uccurnr<t in lli'l. wm MAirhed into 
1^ nicn u( •CM;ri(» and tb»ilavtan>. ablwU Mnd iiunn, 
yaMort ami people Tbe eilJualNrUUn of pop* Leo Xlll. 
warn tta wtfnUm the btobop of Um dlomt wMMtl^fled 
tiM •vMcncK, and crca ordained an anuiial " ooin- 
metnoration ' to ha ohwrved In perpetuity ; ytt. I Hip- 
pj>c, Uw Prutcatanti vlll 1w\ lalUfirvl with M llil< arra) 
of Ifitimuny, UuU aof " mlraculnut vi^inu " .i[ ii^ami at 
PiMiiru^iiii. Otia things U quiu rortain tlir rhiMreii ditt 
OM mU MM altiM ; for vtille Buatua and utban «pak« of 
Ow fWM w tlwt of tk* r«»yK MMttaOT cUM. tbtva 
|«MoM.ealM it ./mm, "an aamfOr da baan portrait 
oiM >* mtfe htl avaK (alt du ditrla RntHiL" Whatlwr a 
fact or not nuatcru litUa ; the iiarrsuive to atlarttd and 
to rrliir^ iirotri to (tf inotwlralion that lh« "moiU of 
tbo'K'it prrmlriit in Uif .Mi.WKe .Vco'' not /at 

4iiU uut, aud ihiU u ali tiiia buuk u cuncariiad antb. 

7^ Ftrym iforv mcoimm SI. JMarl 
0/ Champa-jne befort he teas born (a.i>. 
1017). bt. Robert of Champaj^a waa 
the founder of Molesmes and of Citeaux. 
The Viigin MMy, a ittUa before hU 
trirth, appeared to bis mother Enneii- 
garde, and presented her with a ^old 
Eiog} laying, I wiah the eon wt^Bh^ou 



' cany in yonr womb to be 
to me, with this rioj;, as my spouse." 
Hence Si. Rubert was always calltKl the 
•*Spoa»eof Mary." (See St. IIkkmann.) 
— <>ay de Moleemee, Life of St. Robert 
(also Acta Smtciontm by the Bollandiste, 
April 29). 

The Virgin Mary app$ar» to St, Ntnry 
Auo (A.D. 186A). <Hie mornia^, aa SI. 
llenrv Suzo was ainf^iop Marui, stella 
monid, the Virgin Mary catue to him and 
■aid, ** The more you love me on aarth, 
the more I shall love you in heaven ; and 
tiie more your heart is joined to mine, the 
more unitedly shall you reign witll OM 
Id tba hLingdom of my Son." 

la 41m tine of ue eaniival, angels 
descended into his cell, Bin^^iDt^, Surge, 
iiluminare, Jerusalem, quia venit lumen 
(oum, et gloria Domini super te orta 
•et."— Pustct of Ratisbonne, The Life 
mmd Writimja of Henry Suzo, $um:uned 
•* Ainnndus." 

Tki Vwmn-Marympptanto8UV§rmiaa, 
drt Jfitsn (A.D. llM). Yefoniea wirfied 
greatly to become a nnn, but was di»- 
qualihed because she was unable to read. 
To remedy this obstacle, she toiled in her 
peasant's hut long into the night over 
aer alphabet and spelling ; but found her 
labour great, and her pro||ress extremely 
0IOW. One night, when qaitadiabeaiteDed, 
tfit Virgin Mary appeared before her. 
fliie vaa arrayed in dazzling blue, the 
coloor of a summer sky. " My child," 
■lie said, " trouble not yoursislf with 
■diolarship. The disciples of Christ are 
WA tbe great scholars, but the humble 



minded ; not those who know most, but 
tho»e who believe most. Know, child, 
that, not many wise men after Uu- tU'^h, 
nut many mighty, not many noble, are 
called, that no fleth may glory in God's 
presence. l>et me give you three words, 
and ponder them in your heart— t/'at<A, 
hope. Charity, the greateet of whkh is 
chnrity." So ajtying, the holy tnothar 
vanished from »iglit, anil Veronica, not 
long after, was admitted a sister in the 
convent of St. Martha, in Milan. — laidort 
of IsoUrni, life of dl. rir sw i ea cfJBkm 
(151>i). 

The Virgin Mary takes St. Hermann for 
hmr^potm^amigioothimihtnaino Joseph"* 
(A.n. 1280). One night, while St. Iler- 
uiann was in prayer, the Virgin Mary 
appeared to him, at tlie foot of the high 
altar. She was accompanied br two 
angels of extraordinary beauty, and, calU 
ing toSt. Hermann toapproach, she vowed 
at (he altar to take him for her spouse. 
WliUeon earth, ha was to repieieni Joseph, 
the spouse which she had on earth ; and 
in heaven, he was to reign wiUi her aa 
herequaL 8t>StanMNWmMlestly resisted, 
but the two angdi ■■■■red him that such 
was the will of God, and that he must no 
longer resist the high honour of accepting 
the name of ** Jose^ the spouse of Mary.** 
Ha had tto dioiee but to mlNBH, and 
was ever after so called. Even his 
biographers frtMu this point of hia life 
call him **J()se|>h the spouse of Mary, 
the mother of the King of kings." — Life 
0^. Uermama of Stei^feld (BoUandists), 



, to tkb rspovia) In bia Flat 4te 

WL Ir. p. Ml ■!*> " t'"* admirahla prdrofa. 

tWn. qtt« noun n« trourotu point aroir ^t^ acrurd^e * 
d tt i'.m '.ulni<, 1.1 I t ^ura.' ate Tba rhainl«rUiii tM'rlia|i« 
farvut St. K.>)>irt Wtiiic ho wai <ttU In ttie wunib tba 
Vlfsln Mtd to bit nv^lber, " Volo blium qoani ipailns in 
utaro «x toto uUa aiMula da^ouan ^ ^ 



T^W FMs Mary lifts young Hermam 
imto tht gmoty of Coioynt cathedrat (A.D. 
1380). One day when Hermann, still a 
boy, entered Cologne cathedral, he saw in 
the gallery which runs between the cho*r 
and the na!V% the Tir|^ Marr, tlia frar 
evangelists, and the infamt Jesus, con- 
versing together in a most charming 

Sapk He lonced to join them, bus 
re was no ladder, and the gallery was 
locked. Presently the Virgin said to him, 
Hermann, come np hither ! " He tried 
to do so, but was nnable ; whereupon tbe 
diyine mother, stretehing ont bar hand, 
lifted him into the gallery, and set him 
nex^t to her Son. Hero he ImmI the honour 



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APPARITIONS TO GIVE DIRBCTIOKS. 



[Pt.1. 



of passing several hours in this divina 
•ociety,which filled his soul with grace 
and awMtncst. That thit was not a drawn 

or viflirtn, but an actual and material fact, 
is manifest by a wound which he received 
from a nail in the balustrade. At night 
the Virpn lifted the bny down again, and 
be returned home to his parents. — Acta 
Sanctorum (Bollandists), April 7. 

Thi9 VirtjiH Matfi place* thf utfcaU Jetm 
Ai thit arms of S. Oatkeriwof Bolaana 
(A.D. 1413-1463). The Saviour and His 
motiitr often appeared to St. (^thvrine of 
Bologna, and manifested towards her the 
most tender affection. One day the Virpn 

J laced in the arms of the saint the infant 
esus. The sisters of the convent knew 
that God bad vouchsafed to St. Catherine 
tbia favour, by her countenance, and the 
sweet odour which issued from her. She 
was also favoured by the three Persons of 
the Trinity, who explainod to her this 
august myster>'. — Paleotti (of tl*e Order 
of St. Francis), Life of St. Citt ^a im of 

The Virgin Mary places tfw infant Christ 
intkeamviof St. CoMta{A.u. 18aa-I447). 
To recompense St. Colettn for her t- nder 
devotion to the sufFerings of the Saviour, 
the Virgin Mary placed between ber arms 
the body of .Icsus, all bloody, as if jupt 
taken from the cross. From this moment 
she daily felt at midday the pangs of 
Calvar>-. (See St. Cajetax, p. 26,)— 
Acta Sunctorwn, vol. i. March, p. 668. 

TttbuT IglMUui. In bU OUtMr^ <U* MaUwt hbtffB*. 
SHia AMflfOk «f& tiM fbOowtas tiuerlplioii 

Ptx Ci.Ittlf, VlirB»-, 

Priant k Tr^t-nilnte Mere tie Dieu d'lnterc^ilcr pour 
Lm ftetMon «imn MM FUa, 
Bit hiy iM«|Minit tenant ion pntit enbuit J4ns 

Tout mniclant dant un plst. «t liiy dit : 
OtSHMnt |irieTal-J«, nion fll., pnir cruxiullS 
r)<i»rnibrent par l«un uSciic«iL 

The Virgin Mary J^jpon M« ui/(m< Jesus 
As th» arms €f 8f. Mermatm (a.d. 1280). 

The Virgin Mary, havinp taken St. ner- 
mann for her spouse, and chan;^od his name 
to Joeeph (p. 27), enacted with him the 
early scene of Christ's childhood, to give 
reality to this espousal. Thus, as Joseph 
her rral spouse nursed the child .lesus, toe 
Virgin gave to Hcnnaan the infant Jesus 
to none. As Joseph cnnfed the InfSsnt 
Jesus into F>gy[>t, the Virgin gave the 
infant Jesus for Hermann, her second 
spouse, to cany. The biographer says, 
" We find no other saint enjoyed the 
prerogative of being the accepted spouse 
of the Mother of God."— Life of St. Her- 
man* of StemfeU (Bollandists), April 7. 



The siaUs of the dead appear to Ilrnrf/ 
Su:o (A.D. 1866). The souls of the dead 
used to come to Henry Suzo in the fona 
of nnireh, and talk to him about heaven 
and hell. Amongst others, the soul of 
Eckard visited him, and told bim, saying, 
" I am in heaven, in joy unspeakable and 
full of glory, being transformed to tht 
likeness of God Himself." Henry asked 
him what state on earth should be culti- 
vated in order to arrive nt Mich blessed- 
ness. The soul of Eokard renlied, *' Re- 
nounce self, and contidc blinaly on God. 
Count everything that hnp|M ns as sent 
by God, and nothing as sent from mtui, 
except as the nessenger of (Sod. Bo 
patient, be loving even, to those who 
spitefully use you and persecute you. 
Tr>' to be perfect, as your Father in 
heaven is perfect." H< nryiisked another 
soul wliat state on curth is the most 
lamenUble, and it answered, "To be 
abandoned by God, and to live to please 
one's self rather than to please God.**— 
Pu-tet of Ii;iti!*l>onnp, I'/u- Life and Writ- 
ingsof Uenry Suzo, surtuimed Amntulus." 

fttt gb O TW iMtMWW are not it huixlmlth part (<r thrn« I 
hare met with lu mjr rc«1li>s. but wlUi thnm ln»ert»d lit 
lit. 111. aniplr tufflce to »liow the preiriUencr of thi« 
ea|«cl.tl hjUliicinaUon ; Xor I Mppow do oi»« who rmOM 
U)U book wui oomMw thai s ysiW —i t» ImiI||MIn 
and iiot Ml^JactiM. . . 

Thwa can ha K> doobt that the icen of the apparlOM 
■at doVB til Udi KfWtp aatuallr nw what tbqr (te*criM^ 
ai a traveller actually srt-s ■ lake in a dv»rn whni lir l<K>k9 
onlr un a nilnt«c. li i> H 't iln- ''U'M ih.tt i> il. ccncl in 
thraerajHa ; the wholr f.^ult li« 1" Uic Judgment or n»*nlal 
iiifrr< iic«a, whtch not Uka itito accottnl all tk«r 
Inrulred. A rifbt judi;n>etit which takea In th» 
CM fonaa m raaliatlc inrcrenci!. txit a faMiUf Jud| 
vhlrh baf not •sbaiwtircly iKt*)] tha mbjcct faraw a 
dfllwiTe iiifereiMX. Tie travvUrr who wwa a Uka In a 
mlm«v, and the »aint who mrr^ the apparition < ( 
the Vir.'ln. ><T wmn- mint, buticjlly •<*• th« phcuutrtcua. 
Lut lii^ iiiMir^l ih!. r.-ii,.-» iir» Incorrect. l)«caiiaa thtf&» 
not Ukf iiiru accotiiit itll Ui« tact* Imrolred. La* IfeS 
tnwaUar tall bU vt«loa to a natural philosophy, and HM 
of at>partUoaa laQ Ibeir vUiutu to a ntnlical niMb 
tkia fomirr w.Milii tnitnntir tw toll hii Ltkr wxi a 
and the Utier would bo U>1<1 their »|.pf»rltioiii 
hnortiiai ruiii.li>jual actloa arUtug Irotu dlioaMd 
acl in. 

Mr. Craao. In hb Bittom <^tka KngliA Ft«pl: vpeiik- 
ill! ■< III ItawilM. Ml "Atnmilarcoaalacla hit whit* 
■Satis oMrflwld£lo land Cutfabart. who had injured 
bis ImM, M«Mil to the tod to ba an angwl. T<yi- I«t » 
riiepbard Ufa ovricd hlu to the bleak upUnJa. Hi>d l era 
meteora plam^ kalo liia nlsiit baoaiM to bla» compa&Ma 
of anfrcdic iiJhis Movtas UmmI «( U t m BMHfSa 

Apparitions to rive Diveotloiu 
about their Dead Bodies. 

2%* ghost of Patroohs appears to 
At^^lis, to reqiett that M» bodtt matf be 
buried. Patroclos was killed in battle by 
Euphorbus and Hector. At niuht, while 
AdiilMs slept, the ghost of his friend 
came to him and said, "What! can yott 
sleep, while your best friend lies in death 
uncaied for? Haste, and give me burial, 
that I may pass the gates of Uadca. 



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Pr. l.J OF JOHN THE BAPTIST, ANGEKUS, FRUCTUOSUS. 



lliou art taysclX about to die under the 
walls of Tiof, and refuM nofc my lut 

r^qllcst, llury not my bones Apart from 
tbine, but let us both be laid in one com- 
mon tomb." To this Achillas answered, 
I will perform minutely all thuu hast 
enjoined. ' Then, trying to embrace bin 
friend, the ghoiit slipf^ed from hi.4 touch, 
and Taniahed out of aigbt. — Uomer, Jiiadf 
bk. xxiii. vera. 66, etc. 

r > ('rv-it^raiiU th<> extraiinllnArj ore taken by 
CUruUam to bury Um ttaatl. to coUcct Ute buties aitU miImm 
«f MMiafirlamMa^MidtiM traqoMit •HavlttMM of 
Om im m m Maoa* for iN aiM l iii Um bouoordiM to 

tueit >Umd bodlm. «« maUen of wundaraMttt; bat with 
I lUinuiiJ Caihtaiai ' the burbU uf th« d«Mi " If Um hlelifst 
" f<»r|»t*ijl »ofk uf mrrcy" (iM Intro.). Mid thli witl (uUj 
K>ci>u!il lor '.Ik- ii iriiciou* inlraculou* »pi>i«iaiKra In 
drfeiKS of lUi* tl<«auL In KK/pt nut to Im Lmnnl wu» 
Mmbt i Um Or ttin and Bormim looked on th« burial of 
ated bodjr m —iiUal lo tu tuipi4n«M In tbe vurtd of 
•tadovi. 

John tJte liapti$t revolt the plaoe whore 
kis head iMM Guried. St. Jerome telle ua 
that the disciples of John the IJaptint 
buried the headless body in Sebaste, in 
Samaria, betwwii £Uas and Abdias. He 
adds that many miracles testified hovr 
highly God honoured the great forerunner 
of the go8|K.-l, for many who were sick 
were cured bj the sacred relic, and many 
who wei« peee eeee d were exoreiied by it. 

Ruflfinii-*, in his FccUsiastkai Jlistory, 
infoniis us that Julian tlie Apostate, being 
annoyed by these constant miracles, hM 
the body disinterred and burnt to nshes ; 
but that certain Christians secrelod some 
of the bones, and sent them to Philip, 
bishop of Jerusalemi and Fhilip sent 
ttcn to the patriavA of AlttuuuUria. 

Thisiiicpeated in tin Hr^nrm 
toru. 

The same historian (RuflSnus) tells us 
that Ilerodias buried the licul of the 
liaptist in the pal.ice of Herod, and there 
it remained hidden, tillj<^ the Baptist 
himself told some religious men where to 
find H. These men went to the phwe 
indicated, and found tiic liocapitated head 
wrapped in the same garment of camel's 
hair which the prophet was aeeiutomed 
to wear in the wilderness. 

8Un«w MetaphrtMtte •ndmanroilMn rapeat thli ttoiy. 
bttt uonm toll u* bow Um «auMl-liair iptruteiit gut UiertL. 
U canuut b« wiipoMil tbat It wa« (lUt on Ute cliorvvr 
Vkan tba baad waa handad to Salumt. i>or can it iw 
H »| >ft M d tbat Harodlaa mm for U oat of anr rtvmncv or 
■iQNniMiiua n«Md tat tC Thew "UUla" dilBctilUM 
sa w*m tlr croft up In tbaaa hMortos of tba MlaU How. 
aw. J>ihn the fiai<ti«t hlni'ipJf lt.l.i tl>« "fliidefi' that tha 
III., rtiia uli^t teller uuihoiit) can Iw r«quire«ll 
If Im liaJ u.lil f.ju ur uir. »!i.ju;il wr ii.it Iwli^ve liiint 

The 'J host of St. An )i:Ui:i fjivt s directiom 
lAmt hia funeral tu tliC archbishop o/ 

Fatermo (a.d. 122^), St. Angelus was 
&uidcnd by sobm Msassins of count 



Bere^fsrat Alicata, in Sicily, May 5, a.d. 
1225, and his ghost appcjtred tfie same 

day to tlie archliis!ii>[j of I';ilcrnii», in- 
forming him tliat he was gone to heaven, 
and requesting him to see that his d«id 
body was pro|K}rly interred in the very 
»p<>t where he was murdered. The arch- 
bishop complied with this request, and 
made a funeral for the martvr consistent 
with his smntly reputation. — ^ftlgr. Guerin, 
Vies (U's SamU, vol. v. p. 944 (7tli edit. 
mm). 

St. EteHtkerhu appeart to 8t. Theda U 

(jitc dircctinns a'ymt A*3 rcUcs (ninth cen- 
tury). One nightSt. Thecla saw a venerable 
old man come to her ; he was of majestie 
port and great gravity. His hair was 
quite iitey, and his clotiiin^; shone like 
th.' sun. It was St. Kleutherius, bishop 
of Tournai three centuries ago. Calling 
St Thecla by her name, he bade her oiil 
on Heidilon, tlir then bishop, and tell 
him Ui go to Biandain, and take his 
relics from the grave, which he would find 
clow by the aluir of St. Peter. The 
a.;ed Thecla, thiokin^^ this vision might 
be onl v a dream, proved that God would 
make known to her ilis will on the sub- 
ject. St. ElentherioB appeared to her a 
second and a third time, wlien, no lon^'er 
doubting the mission, she went to the 
bishop of Tournai, and told him what* 
had passed. Heidilon received the com- 
munication with great joy, made it 
known to his pmidpal clergy, and 
appointed a day to carry out the saint's 
request. Having called together many pre- 
lates, abbots, and other clergymen, they 
went in grand procession to Blandaio, and 
raised from the earth the relics of the 
J^neient bishop of Tournai, according to 
his bidding. Many miracles solemnized 
tlie ( VI nt; amongst others, the veneraUo 
Thecla, whose sight was dim with age, 
recovered the quick vision of her younger 
days. — L'abbd I)estombeS| Vi§du &imt§ 
da Cambria et d" Arras. 

St. tVuctmeus appcare to M» hrethrm 
to commnnd thrm to nstore his ashes. St. 
Fructuosus, biiihop of Tarragona, in 
Spain, after his martyrdom appeared to 
his brethren, and requested thom to 
restore his ashes, which they had taken 
away as relics, that all might be laid ia 
one yltuee.—Acta Smsktnm (Jan. 21). 

Oamaiiel telte Luehn ike monk where 
tiifn l tfif 'akI;/ uf St. Stephen and others 
(A. II. 4W>). In the [Kuman] Catholio 
Church, Aug. 3 is dedicated to tho 
(li^i-i.vry ..f the bones of St. Stephen, 
I th« liral. martyr, 416 years after he was 



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APPARITIONS TO GITE DIRECTIONS. 



•toned to death. It cannot bnfc be in- 
terestinf; to know how these bonra were 

identified, and ns f^urh lii;^'h nuUiorities 
M St. AttffMtine, Orosius, and a dozen 
ottcn Toudi for um tivlli of the follow- 
lag "fact*," the mouth of pairwuyer* 
mnst be stopped. The subjoined account 
IB epitomized from the Rev. Alban 
Butler's Liva 0/ th§ 3buiU$, vol. iL pp. 
183-186. 

The place of tlie burinl of St. Stephen, 
the fint Chriitian martyr, was wnoUv 
unknown till tfie year a.d. 415, when ft 

was revealed to a priest named I.ucian, 
** while sleeping in bis bed in the baptis- 
tery of OMlMfgnnak, ia the dhteeee of 
Jerusalem. • 

On Dec. 8, a.d. 415, at alwut nine 
o'clock at ni^ht, Luctan saw a tall, comely 
oM mea, with e long white beard, end 
e gold wand in hie hftnd. Hewaedofhed 
in a %vhite n bo cAi^rd with gold, and 
thickly covered with crosses. This re- 
ItatabM apparition having informed the 
monk that he was Gamaliel, who had 
instructed Paul the apostle in the law, 
bade him go without delay, and tell 
btsbop John to open certain graves in the 
Ticinity, and he would find the relics of 
Stephen the first martyr, Nicodoinus who 
came to Jesus by night, himself, and his 
younger eon AbRiae. 

As Lncian did not olmy the order, the 
ghost repeated its visits on the two 
•ooeeeding Fridays ; and Lucinn, no 
lon(;cr in doubt, went to the bishop and 
revealed to him the vision. The bishop 
ordered search to be made amongst a 
heap of stones in the neighbourhood, but 
a monk named Mffsetiai eatd the 
"tombs" were at I>( !i,it.i'i.i, and were 
those of an old man, a youri); man, and 
two othere. Thither,' therefore, the 
senrehers went, and found the f(Mir 
bodies, as Mi^retiiis hnd wiid. The four 
bodies were deposited in four coffins, and 
the namee on the coffins were Cusliki^ 
Nasvam, Ai>PAif, and Dakoaw. There 
CT'iilil n<it be n shadow of doubt that these 
names stood for " Stephen, Nicodemus, 
Abibas, and Gamaliel." True, they are 
n'lt nuu-h alike, but that is of small 
nioincnt ; there were the four bodie.". and 
thev must bo the four which tlie vision 
spoke to Lucian about in the baptiatery. 

The bishop John had brought with him 
twr. other prelates, and on opening the 
cotlin of Chcliel the " odour of sanctity " 
was (juite perceptible ; and the identity of 
Clieliel with Stephen was still further 
cootiruied by the number of miradee 



Eerformed by contact with the body. So 
neian and the three bishope were fully 
siitis«i((l, and as thev lived only 415 veart 
after the death of Stephen, itia manfeatly 
mreaaonahia for penona living Ihtm 
years later to donbt endi we p a ct ah U 
authority. 

Hut to continue. Bishop John claimed 
Cbeliel's relics for the church of Jeru- 
salem, and the three other coffins were 
left at ('(ipliar^amala. Now occurred 
another miracle to make assurance doubly 
eare. When Chdiere {It. Stephen'e) 
relies were taken from the " place of the 
four tombs to Zion Church, at Jerusalem, 
"a heavy rain fell." Tbb extraordinaiy 
" miracle" cenoved tvtiy vntige ef 

doubt. 

Butler tells us that this account is 
by Lucian himself ; that Ltfcian's 
letter waa tnmelatod Into Spanish by 

Avitus. a friend of St. Jerome, and was 
attested by Chrj'sippus, a priest of Jeru- 
salem, the two chroniclers Idatios and 
MarceUinus. Basil bi<(h»)p of Selcucia, 
St. Augustine in his Citij of God, and 
many others. The discovery was made 
Dec. 8, A.n. 415, and therefore *'ttM 
Invention of St. Stephen** is hdd on 
Aug. 3. They must lie luird indeed to 
convince who doubt such a logical 
scqneoee of evidenee aa tiiia. 

The wlirti* ta)» ocruri ivln<> In KlfiMm.nn'i /irfi of IK* 
Kainti (Iffin). whtre lUc "letter" of Li>rlati It ti\\fn Im 
«c<«i«M. TIm nanwa In Ui* Wttor jirr ttK>^ n>rritii>n«d 
•bovik and. to rruM>ire all doubt. Kiiiemiau'* omnmUM il 
WIS eiillt^Johii rXopL pp. 980-804. 

RieoSaMM «Md GuwUM mpcctable mrntrn, bat M 
t»rf M«nM to h*T« \<ren upon ttMtr nacft 

Th< re iiwicthlni; ut.cmttful In Ihh nrglcet. MlAC II 
wi«i (;.iiii»l>«>l «l>o rrri-air.! th* Itirality of the rellfm, 
allti>>u;)i It matt b>- omfnard hr wxi not qultr ri.-wt , n>d 
tuM) It IH>( l««u fur Uw uviuk Misctiit* tlus bcHii<>> would 
Ml ham bmn tavnd. riulwldj tai Umm dbci«4ii»M» 
dafVMMM iMV b* fnmid «Im Mnk Mlfrtliii ihaubl bM» 
Imm tJkti U b« knew anrtiitng aboMt '^Um vWan." 

St. Hilar;/ of Poitirr<t dirrrts that a 
tomb be made for him (a.d. '>07). St. 
Hilary was deposited at death in a marble 
sepulchre between lila wife and dan^ter, 
in the basilica of St. John and St. Panl, 
outside the city w.ills of Poitiers, This 
was A.D. '6*34. la the tifth century this 
chnrch was entirely destroyed tnr the 
CiitliM and VandnU, and the sepulchre of 

I St. Ililarv wiu |o»t amidst llie ruins. In 
507 a ball of tire was obseired to rise 
from the debris and move towards 
Clovis, who was encamped hard by. No 

I further notice was then taken i>f the 
"meteor," for next morning was fought 
the great battle of Vongle. Not lonff 
after the battle St. Hilary appt>ared to 
the abbot t ridulin, the bead of a munas- 



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Tcry ci.jvf liy r./iticr". toM hiin where hiB 
btxiy was iyin^, and directed him to 
b«iU a new tomb for it, with the aaaist- 
mnce of Clovii and the bishop of Poitiers. 
The abbot obeyed, and when Iht Uutb 
vaa ready, a gmnd ceremony waa 
arranged for the interment. The body 
liad been soof^ht ont previously and laid 
for the n' nct' in tin- crypt of the new 
diureh, but on the day apoointed the 
errpi wm IwUllMitly iHuminatod and 

rill'-ii with a most delijrhtful ixinnr, nnii 
tu ! th« dead body raised itii«if, and wa« 
enrricd *'no doubt by invisible angels," 
«nd laid in the new tomb. — Pierre 
Damieo, Semum on St, Hilary of JPoi- 

Janmrius tell* hi$ divcipie* to kxuU 
up kl$ miuim/ fin»jer (a.d. 805). Wli«a 
St. Jarnifirini was executed, one of hia 
iingera wa« cut off ; and while the 
Christknt were bur>'in{( the body, his 
ghoet appeared to them, nnd told them 
to po in search of ihe mitising fio^cr. 
B}' the f;uidance of the Holy Spirit wey 
found it, And bahed it wi(^ the reel of 
tfM bodT.— Edwsnl Khmnun, of 
ike S:unts, Sept. 19, p. 742 (1623). 

m. JLomjinm gtrk-n tHstntctions to a poor 
tlhtd woman oIxaU his head (first centur}')* 
Longinas, the Roman soldier who pierced 
tlie pide of Jesus with his s|>ear, after- 
waniii hecvmc a disciple, and was Ijeheaded 
in Jerusalem. The decapitated head was 
takcB to Pilate, and Pilate had it exposed 
'>v. r the pates of the citv, after wJiich it 
was cast into a sewer. Kow, there lived 
at the tinw ia Oftppadoeia, • poor old 
blind woman who hnd an onlv «;r.n, and 
this son ted ber by the hand to Jerusalem, 
andar the hope that she minbt there re- 
cover her sight ; but no nooner had she 
set foot in the holy city than hor son died. 
She now saw in a rision l^>n;;inu3 come 
to ber% He cowmanded her to go ia 
■tanh of bit head, wbidi waa aovaiad 
with 3ilt, nnd 1,1! h, r the moment she 
touched it she would recover her sight and 
Ma ber ton. Rnoouraged by thifi visinn, 
t»hf started on ber seiiroh, found the head 
in a public sewer, and recovered her »ight. 
The night following, Longinus appeared 
to her agaiik and ihowinc to har her ion 
In glory, afiid to ber, ** Weep not for one 
!ii ^'inry ; ■ Kjt w take my hc.H-] .-iiiii pla<*e 
it ID a cotfio «t ith your son, and c«ase not 
lapniaeGodinBbaaittta.** Sotbawomaa 
buried the head and bo<iv f f }ht son to- 
gether in the villa^je of .S;»rdial, where 
lA)ngina8 was hom.— Acta Sanctorum 
(AalbBMiiafc*), lUnli lA, (tbia ia tU 



r 

•abject of the one hunflrcd nnd twtn^* 
first fijjure of the Oreek MeHuii*gy. ) 

St. Lucian the Syrian tdls Glycerkm 
where tv find his body (a.d, 312). St. 
Lucinn was cruelly martyred by the 
EmpcrorMaximinus. Afterdeath, aheavy 
stone wat tiad to the right hand, and thia 
body toated into Am tea. Foarleendaya 
later the pho?t of St. T^ucian appcarrd to 
Glyceriua, and told him, if he went to 
•neb and such a place, he woald 6nd the 
nmrfyred hody. Glycerius went with 
several com(>aaiuQS to the place indicated, 
and there found a dolphin bringing the 
dead body on itt badu Xba dolphin 
landed it Mfely and than died. Tbia 
"fact" is iiiriitiir.i. d in the hymn of St. 
Ltucian, at one time sung by the [fU>maa] 
Ontholie Chnrch on Jan. 7, St. LndBii'» 
Day. Two of the lines run thus — 

A Mphln bTMiM to Uad tte tMMm^ 
tmt mod from Iti mi ot pimmn. 

No cornifttion hnd jiassfd on the body, 

though It liad been mutiiaLed by torture, 

and afterwards tossed about in the deep 

stm for foaitaan daya; but tha right hand 

had been wfendiea off by tha weight of 

ill,' stone attached to it. T!iis relic waa, 

however, given up by the sea a few daya 

later, and oeing laid near the corpse m- 

came miraculously united to it, im) that 

the entire body, safe and sound, was 

restored to the disciples. Helena, tha 

mother of Constantine, on her return from 

Jerusalem, built a city on the spot of 

sepulture, and ciille<l it Helenopolis. Tha 

nlace waa previously called Drepan*— 

bollandnt. Acta Sanctorum^ vol. i. Jan. 7. 

St. ^f>tHr■a iind St. IWitti (}ir^ dircctinns 

about timr dead budies. One day a man 

ob8er>'ed a strange light bnininff on a 

spot where popular tradition pi%'e ont that 

two virgins were buried. On approacliing 

the lik'ht, it wa-; found to proceed from 

a wax candle of marvelloua whitenefla» 

After itandittK in ndntration at tbe pba- 

nomenonfor sometime, thr n an wi nt nnd 

spolie of it to otherrt. .Soon attcrwarda 

two ghosts appeared to liini. They wata 

two virgins, who told him they were 

buried in the very spot where he had ^een 

the candle burning, bade him clear away 

the bnunblee and netUea therefrom, and 

afford their bodies a decent burial. The 

man went about his business next day, 

and thought no more of the apparition ; 

bntwben nigbt came on the two ghoata 

appeared to him again, and told him be 

should cert:iialy die before the year waa 

out, unless he obeyed their beheeta* 

isiMOy alaraMd at tbia tbnati tha ma* 



OF JANUARIDS, LONGINUS, LUCIAN, MAUBA. 



APPARITIONS TO r.IVR DIRECTIONS. 



[Pt. 1- 



chopped away the brambles from the spot, 
snd, having dag a few feet in depth, found 
two graven on which were •^n-nt drops of 
perfumed wax. He cleared the graves, 
•nd bnilia liUle oratory over them . When 
his oratory wn^^ flni-<hod, he asked Kuphra- 
fiius biahop of Tnurs to come and conse- 
crate it, but the bishop wrote word back, 
*' I am Teiy a^ed, sad at the weather in 
cold and ttormy T dare not venture out." 
At night, the two virjxinrt appeared to 
Kuphraaius, and said to him, Bishop, 
wherein liftv« we olfended yon, ^t ^ou 
rpfnsc to consecmtc tht» orator%* raised 



over our bodies ? Go, in tlie nanje of Ciod, 
and perform the service required of you." 
liiextday the bishop started on his mission. 
The rain ceased, the sun shone bright, 
tlic M-cftthnr waa deli^l\tful, and the bishop 
enjoyed hia trip. He often spoke about 
the two (duMtta, and need to lay one was 
lar^e and the other finiall, both were 
whiter than snow, and they told him their 
names were Maura and Britta. They are 
Ktill vencrntod in Toiir^, nnd their fete is 
held amiuallv on Jan. The place where 
this occurred was then called Arciacum, 
but is now called Saiote Maure.— L<rs 
PeiHn Bollmdiriett vol. ii. pp. 78, 79. 

St. St bij^ti'in (fives din'clii/jis to <t ccrtun 

dame to bury his body in the catacombs. 
(A.i>. 288). The emperor Diocletian 
ordered St. Sebastian to l>c beaten to 
death in the Roman hip(>«>drome ; and 
that \ni^ \xidj might not ftU into the 
hands of the Christians, he commanded 
it to be thrown into the common sewer. 
RuL >r. Sebastian's apparition appeared 
to a holy dame, and told her toat bis 
hody was not wuiied AWi^i eedng it was 
caii^'ht on a hook. Hetlwn direrted her 
to rescue it, and bury it in the catacombs, 
near the entrance, at the feet of the two 
npostlen St. Peter and St. Paul. Tlie 
dame did as the phost enjoined her, and 
continued thirty day;* in prayers for the 
dead, after her work was done, — ^I'he 
•bbot Gorblet, Haqioqraphy of Amkns. 

St. ]'inccnt informs a "nlxo u/utc to 
find his body. St. Vincent wan martyrfd 
A.D. 803. His relics are prescr\'ed in 
Li-hon to this day, and his '* bloody 
Hiule " is still exhibited m the church of 
St. Vincent, in Paris. It cannot fail to 
be intercutting to trace ont these valued 
relics, especially as each adventure is set 
down with mo<<t nunrvi'llous iiiinutenes!*, 
by [Komanl Catholic writers of undoubted 
repute. Wdl, w« are told that sfter 

Srciit tortures the saint was removed by 
acian, the Koman proconsul of Spain, 



from his bed of torture to a »oft pallet, 
on whleli he died, tliie wm not done fo 

mercy to tlic victim, but with a \'iew of 
prolonging bis slow martyrdom ; and 
IHm^hi, angry that iiis victim had escaped 
his grasp, had the dejid body tliroirn 
"into a stinking ditch full of the off- 
scouring of the city, not far from the 
gates." Here it was left naboried to be 
devoured by wild beast* and birds of 

prey; but (!od sent ft raven to watch 
over it, and this raven kejjt otf the wolves 
and all other creatures that attem[)tcd to 
molest it. Daciati, bein^ told of this 
extraordinary " fuct," had the body 
wrapped in an ox>hide, heavily weighted 
with atones, and east into the sea. Ea* 
morfluf was employed to execute this 
order, and he carried the body several 
furlongs from shore, before ho cast it 
overb^rd ; when, however, h« readied 
land, there was the body safe enough, 
lying on the sand^. Metaphrastfts tells 
us that the sen, more merciful than man, 
rolled sand over tlie body and buried it. 
Not long afterwards, the ghost of the 
saint app<>ared to a widow, and told her 
where be was buried i so the widow went 
to the spot indicated, found the body, 
and carried it to Valern i l. M i re a church 
dedicated to ibe saint was built, and the 
body magnificently enshrined. In 718, 
the Samc^'ti" destroyed the city, and 
Ilabbaragman, king of Cordova, ordered 
the relics to be burnt ; but somehow the 
bod V of the saint escaped, and was carried 
to Cape St. Vincent, where thoee who 
carried it thitherintended to form acolony. 
Here they built a little chapel, and in- 
terred the body in a hole under the chapel 
floor. In tlie reign of Aloiiso llenriquez 
of Portugal, A.D. 1139, four kiugs made 
war on R>rtugal, and Alonso, having 
defeated them, adopted " the quoin for 
his device." In this battle of the four 
kin;rs, pome Christian slaves were taken 
prisoners of war, amongst whom were 
some from the Cape St. Vincent, who 

tidd tJiP kini: nUnit the Saint's body; 
so Alonso sent a ship to the cape tc 
fetch it away. It was brought t-afely to 
Portugal, and in 1147 deposited in tho 
great church at Lisbon. 

Here we have the utmost minuteness of 
dates and names, although, it must bt 
confessed, the adventures are molt roman- 
tic. The body was cast into the city 1 1 w 
and guarded by a raven ; it was thai 
emted several f nrlongu from shore and 
cast into the lirrp '^^-i. hrirr^ first sewed 
in a sack and well wei^bteU with stonee { 



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Pr. I.] 



JOHN-JOSEPH 



being drifted luhore it was bnricd by the 
Mtiottof t le waveA in toe sand of thete*- 
iihorc. St. Vinrent 's pho^t told a respert- 
kble widoMT where to tind the b« dy, and 
tbe vriicw xrried it tn Valencia. Soma 
four buai\'«i vcars afterwards Vftlencia 
yrn taken by the Moors, wh.t burnt all tbe 
(')iristian relics ; hut th<' hmiy nf St. Vin- 
cent escaped, and was carried by some 
r efugw to Gape St. Vineent, tniere It 
luiried beneath n chnpol, Anothor 
pcntid of four hundred years rolled by, 
when Alonto Honriqucs, being told of 
the body by some prisoners of war, removed 
it to I.,i8boD. Tbe Portufjuesc are gatistlcd 
that the body th. y h;i\ e is that of St. Vin- 
cent, who died in 303, and Jan. 22 ia set 
MMurt In hoooiir of thii wondeffnl Mint — 
Kdward Kinetiman (I6S8), XAw of tht 
AimUy pp. 70-8a. 

Pmh ii telli 1 Mi wiMi ortBw aw It Mtoa Tiw 

dtntlu*.* Bed*. •i»<J MeUphnuto* ; but manx otbm haw 
wtxtv i Uie lir* of thti (arixirtle nint Alban But<«trMMi 
■'llwat lhi» a.c.>iint nf Si Vlureiit l> r««ortlr<l li) •iin'ifru- 
t|..in»M.- ».i.M-l,<r. Ill r«<ilUii.lii». |> ii'^ . ni.il II, ii Tii 'inm 
ab IitcariuOuinr, in his tc^Utitutical Hutarg (17^1, Im* 
aMIaatf iHVtlcabkracecMnitof tkcwbataL" llitehklofy 
li CHwpafatMr moifani. but Micr. OuMa. ta hb riM 
S»tmti (7ih adit. ISSOt. U Kill intir* nmi oar o«« llmM, 
•nd he repeats the Mm* (toL L p. Uw. otc I. U (nat tuuiMsa. 
■i|teaMjlMa«^a^ I kuo* m» tala 

The fnllnwinp author!* have written the 
praises of St. Vincent: — St. Au^'ustine, St. 
liemard, St. Isidore, St. I.»co (|x>i<e), Meta- 
phraAt^, Prudentiufl, etc. All writers 
of martyrologies ; and many othr rs. 

Charles the Bald pare the binhop of 
Besanfon two of th« vertehzsi of St. 

TilMMt, A.D. 876. 

St. (lerninin dc Prc> yvn^ htiilf by kinff 
Childebert in honour of St. Vincent, and 
he pave to it an arm of ttie holy niartvr. 

The Giurch du Mans bad the head of 
the martyr till the revolution, when it was 
lost. 

Tbe diuuM reUgicoMS du Gharme have 
two booei of tiie satot, one of the arm 

and another of the le;^. 

Tbe heart was preserved in a silver 
leliqaaiy in Dun-le-Uoi, Berry, till 1562, 
when sonic (\ilvinists atolo tm idiqUMJ 
and burnt the heart. 

Vitf7 k Wwofnh stOl poMeeeei the 

• Hft.Qwtrtn ttJli lit Um vWow*! name wm lontqoA. 
■aabsniw the nek waMitad with iioMi " na«mlt mr 

Teao <^u)n>» unc^j-ing*. Til* WH'CS h» tetb u>. dkl not 
»r»t!.T viii-l . vrr ii)o Uxjf, bill " crcua*reiit uiie f>.»-««>, et la 
ouuTrim.lOu ath r ile U nter pour tol do«MI «r >a i^twUttir^ 

^rwla«>tiiu!^'!MrM^«,*3;4^7.^ MMMSSft 




forearm, which wu-s brouirht from Spain 
by king Ciiildebert.— M;;r. UoArin, Vie» 
<M« &MMt$, voL i. pp. MO, Mi. 

App0«MuioeB ■ooo alter Death. 

1 CoK. XV. i-fl. [Oiirisi dead, and 
burio<l. and ro*f> apaln llii- tliirii d.iy', and was 
(«een of O-phit ; fluM ol tlic uvclv.' ; afti r th .t, 
He was P'H-n uf Ave haodred brethren at unre; 
then uf Jam»o ; tlieo of all the apoitlet; and 
last of all by me also. 

Apjn-aranccs of St. John-Jostph of the 
Cross after death (a.d. 1734). Soarooly 
hnd John-Joseph piven back his soul 
into the bands of God than he began to 
manifest himself in his spiritual state. 
At the ver>' hour of his death Ike appeared 
to Diego Fi|rnatelli, dnice of Monte 
I>eono, while he was wnlkin;; about his 

Erivtite a{tbriiuent. The duke had seen 
tm at Naples, a day or two before, rick 
almost to death, but he now appeared in 
jierfect health, and wascneirelcd in li|;iit. 
(ireatly nstonii^hed at the s}>ectacle, the 
duke said, " Father John-Joseph, ii* tliat 
you? 1 am irlad yon have so quickly 
recovered." The saint rejdied, " I am 
both well and happy," and then vanished. 
Ilia ffraoe then aent to Naplea to make 
inquirie;*, and was informed that John* 
Joseph departed Uiis life at the very 
hour he nmnifeated himself to the duke. 

John-Joseph manifested himself in 
a manner still more remarkable to 
Innorcnt Valctta. While IniKu'ent was 
asleep, he felt his arm pulled, and heard 
himaelf called alond by n«ne. He woke 
in a f ri;:l< t a n <\ i^rcei ved • olond ot ^oiy, 
in the midst of which stood a ''reliffiona** 
of the Order of St. Peter of Alcantara, 
considerably advanced in aj^e. Valetta 
could not reoojjnize the face of the 
ap[iarition in cnii-iMjiicnoeof the numerous 
rays of li;;ht which dazzled hia eyes. 
The apparition asked Valetta if be re* 
co^jnizcd him, and Valetta answered, 
••No." •• I," «iid the api»arition, ♦•am 
John-Joseph of the Cross, just tnis 
moment delivered from the bondajre of 
the flesh, and now on niy way to paradise, 
where 1 will never cease to interocle for 
the house of Innocent Valetta. If you 
would like to see my mortal remains, you 
will find my body in the infirmary of St, 
Lucp' of the Mount.** So saying he 
vanished away, leaving Valetta filled 
with grief and great joy. Valetta 
hastened to St. Lucy of the Mount, and 
tliere found a great crowd, who announced 
tbe death of the saint, and were not a 
little amazed on hearing that Valetto 

o 



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ARMT OF MARTTRII. 



[t>».r. 



hud juflt seen him. Thia account was 
givt n to the council by Innocent Vnletta 
hinsclf, some thirty yean after the 
deeeue of the laiBt, when Uie prooMt of 
hit cnnnnizntion was beinn drawn nut. 

Three days afterwards Jobn-Juseph 
SppCMVd to Father lUiono, a moDk of his 
own order, and bade him tell the tiu(>eriur 
to have the Gloria Patri chanted before 
the allAr of the Saint-Sacniment, to 
render thmnka to the Holy Tcinity for 
the favoan \ mtm n A on him. 

A few daya later he appeared to 
Mnd. Mary Anne U<»ulei de VermOi who 
greatly dc:<ircd 8 pi ritual confoit. 

After that, the hnrcn Hnssann, who was 
coutined U) his l>e(l u iili a inurUil aiclc- 
De9S, was favoured with a visit from the 
•aint, and waa not only cured of hU 
malady, hot lived maiiy years aftv- 
wards ; and when at last he died, it was 
of a complaint far diflferent from that 
which St John-Joeeph had rairaenloaaly 
cured. Sendinff for Father lluon«>, the 
b;)run recounted to hiiu how St. John- 
JoHeph had formerly cured him.— Cardinal 
Wiseman, communicated to Mifcne's 
Ve'motutrations tkanj^liquett vol. xvi« 

Army of Martyrs. 

Rrt. vL I Mw undpr thr altar the souls 
of tbesD that w< re nUin for i\w Word ef Ood, 
Md fur tbe testimony «bicb they beML 

Rev. XX. 4. 1 Mw ibe souls of tfeSM tliAt 
wera iMbesdcd for Um wttnces «C JesM, eaU fur 
the Word of CM. and wlifck had net wur- 
dipped tbe beast, neither his Image. 




Tf^e fuur crouncd (N'ov. 8, A.D. 804). 
In the reign of Dioclctma four Koman 
citizens were scout^ed to death with 
whips loaded with plummets of lead, 
and were buried on the Lavi&n Wuy, 
three miles from Rome. Pope Mt It liKulcs 

Eat them in the catalogue of martyrs, 
nt, not knowing their varaet, called 
them "The Four Crownftl," nnd iip- 
poinied Nov. 8 as their fcu>-day. 
Afterwaida (we are not told when) their 
nntnes were revealed to a holy man (we 
are not informed how or to whom). They 
were Carpophoms, Severianus, Severu», 
and Victorinua. — Ado (archbishop of 
Treves), Jfarfyro/otfy; Boeio, AibtorratMOfi 
Rime {\CuVl), bk. ill. 8. 

Other four martyn were the 
UlMtrioM Roman katjchta, Bastlidte,' 
Pyrinus, Nabor, and Na7,arins, in the 
rnsn of Diocletian. They were scourKed 
wiOi a c w p i wi» (f.«b) hgr the pnftol 



Aorelian, and after ei^ht days w«re 
executed, June 12, a.i». ;iu;i. 

The Jtit mage-makers, martyrt (Nor. 
8, A.i>. 104). Dnring tlic perseetttieB 
of Diocletian five carvers were pot to 
death, f«ir refusing to make idols. They 
suffered on the same day as ''The Poar 
Crowned " (?.c.), were buried in the 
aame cemetery, their remains were trans- 
lated by Leo IV. into the same church, 
and they are hoooured on the aame day 
Their lUMBCt are: Oaatothie, dandlaa, 
Nicostratus, Siuipliriu!«, and Symphoria- 
nus. — Uosio, liotna iSotterranea^ bk. iii. 8 
(1632). 

TUe fire Minorite friars, marUprfd Jan, 

Ifi, 12/0. Five Minorites were sent by 

St. Francis to preach to the Mahometans 

of the Weat. lliey preached first to the 

Moore of Seville, but were banished from 

Spain. rasjiin^ into Mor.KOo, they 

preached there the doctrine of the cross, 

and were again baaiahed ; hot they re- 

tnrnf-d, wore scourp-d, nnd burning oil 

mixed with vinegar was jwured on their 

wounds. The king then caused them to 

be brouj^ht before him, and clove their 

heads asunder with his scimitar. — Albaa 

Sutler, Lnn of the AMa, Jaa. M. 

Hmm asaia sssaikif ts tfw Bmmi fenvkQ^ sni 
asNHlHfc MJsna B«aiC ffMv.sa<Ollai, 

Tlie sfven marttfrs of Persia (a.d. 341- 
380). Sapor, king of Persia, was the 
most bloody of all the peneeutors of the 
Christian Church. So/omrne:», in his 
Church History^ reckons Uic number of 
martyrs in this rei^ at 16,000, but some 
writera set it aa hi^ aa 200,000. The 
**aeveB martyra of l^rria** wen: AaaM, 
Acep<«imas, Joseph, AMiala, TMlmlat 
Milles, and liarsabiaa. 

AzAi>ft was the first to fall. He wat 
Sapor's chief eunuch ; and the kinj; was 
so di>«t^e^i^^J nt iiis death, that he sent 
an edict to all the nrovintMi^ to confine 
the perMcution to biahopa, |>ieat^ and 
moofca. 

AcKPsiMAs was an Assyrian bishop, 
eighty years of age; JoakpH, a priest 
of Bethcataba { ATrHAi.A, a deaeoa «f 

Beth null ad ra. 

Acepsinias being first ecourtred, hia 
joints were pulled the wronf^ w ay till he 
died under the torture. Joseph was 
treated in the same manner, hut, being 

I ydiinc^r and Hfr(m^:(T, ^^urvived, and died 
in prison six montlis afterwards. Aitbala, 
after the moat atroeiona toitnt ee, waa 
executed. 

TarruliA was the sister of St. Simeon. 
I aichbiahop of galtooie, BdH M to 



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Pf. I.] THE SEVEN, TEN, TWELVE, AND EIGHTEEN. 



OMDMi hy Ui« neck, and to another by 
tfa« net, ane waa cot asunder with a saw. 

1Iill£8 wa« once a soldier in th<- 
Panian army ; but left the service, and 
waa appoinfcM bialK>p of m uaaM Pmian 
oit^'. Hrin^r bronn-ht brfciro Horsniida, 
ba ao provoked him bv his plain speakinff, 
tfi^ the jud^ leaped from haa tribmu, 
and killed him on the »pot. 

BAR8AniA8 was biahup of Siisa. Hii 
legs were first broken off at the knees, 
then at the thigha. Uis anna were next 
lofiped off, then hit rfba broken, his ear* 

cut f'tT, ani] Iii^ eyes kno.^iril nut, aftrT 
which he was beheaded. — Asscomm, Acts 
of the Orimki Martyrs, p. 6ti. 

7*V serm martijrs uf Siunnsnia (Dec. 
8, A.u. 297 j. In A.b. 297 the emperor 
Mmximian, returning victorious from 
Pexaia, celebrated the quinquennial games 
at Samosata, near the Eaphratis ; and 
commanded all thio iiiMnbiUints to repair 
to the temide of Fortune, in the middle 
of the dty, to aanst in public supplica- 
tions and sacrirtcps. Two of the chirf 
magistrates, Hippnrchu« and I'hilothl'us, 
had emiwaeed the Christian faith for 
Atee years; and five intimate friends, 
James, Habibus, Lollianus, I'aragru.s, 
andRomanus, young nobles, and iM!nat4>r8, 
had only just become Christiana. The 
anperor, being informed that the two 
magistrates Imd absented tbcinsolves, 
aent for them, and askbd why they hod 
not ob^ed his command ; beint; told 
they were Christinns, nrtU-n^d thpin to 
be beaten, and put m prison. In the 
mean time, the other five nobles were 
«lao afKuohendod, and put ia chaina till 
tiie end of tiie festival. At tiie doM of 

tSr fi -.tival, fhrv wTTc riil l)rou;:;ht a^'ain 
before the emperor, and xu they proved 
obdoiBle, eorda were put acroia their 
mrittth? and they were led away to 
cruciiixiun. A reprieve for a few days 
was granted, that the two auftkirates 
might make up their public accounts; 
after which they were suspended on 
aeven crotats. Hipparchus, a very old 
man, soon died \ James, LoUianus, and 
ItooMUUM expired the next day; tho 
other three, be\n<^ still nlive, were Uien 
taken down, and nails were driven into 
their heads. The emperor commanded 
thr\T bodies to he thrown into the E«- 
riur»iC!i, but one liassus, a rich Christian, 
■aving bribed the ^uur^^ ^ giw them 
up, buried them in his own farm. 

TataeUoC tbm Hvaa inartTnvw* witMn V^ mam/*' 
WUm—m; Mtd bb MmU*« U coutainad In 8tt|iii«o 

at— *""''* Ada Miftgrmm, roi. II. p. ifl. 



J7l0 ten marti/r$ of Crete (Dec. 23 j. 
In the persecution of Deciua, Crete 
greatly auffeied, but the ten martyie 
of Crete were Agathopns, Baesiliola, 

(~"j?rim('ni'-s, I'll niri iitiii.^, [n ifu^. T'vsiriis- 

tuti^Gelatiius, Satuminus, Theodulus, and 
Zoliens. Being apprehended, they were 
dn^X'^ffi on the ground, brntm, ptnnfd, 
and »pit upon. Their trial took pla£:e on 
Dec. 23, and they were ordered to offer 
sacrifice to the Cretan god Jupiter, whose 
festival it was. They replied, " We are , 
no strangers to Jupiter. We can '=bi)W 
you his grave. He was a native of Crete, 
the tyrant of hU eonatiy, tod m man 
nbnn ioned to every filthy lust. Those 
who worship Jupiter as a god, ought to 
fbllotr his example." Then were they, 
some of them, racked and torn with iron 
nails, 80 that the ground beneath was 
covered with great gobbets of tiiish. 
Others were punctured all over with 
sharp stones, reeds, and itakes. Ottiera 
were beaten with heavy plinnvihts of 
lead. The martyrs bure it all without 
a murmur, and the proconsul, tired out, 
ordered their heads to be cut off. The 
fathers who composed the Council of 
Crete in 558, writing to the Emperor 
Leoj say that, through the intercession 
of thew martyrs, their island has hitherto 
been preserved fromheresy. — Cri'la Sacra, 
(riieir martyrdom is given by Meta^ 
phrastds, Suriun, Lipoouui, end «>tbeTS.) 

The ttr^^lve ><rr:fh:-rx, martyrs (Srj t. 2, 
A.D. 26»). The twelve brothers were 
nativee ef Adrumetacn, in Africa ; after 
suffering grievous torments for the faith, 
they were sent to Uenevento, in Italy, 
where they suffered martyrdom, in the 
persecution of Valeciaa. — Ba r ooi u a, 
Ammm Martyrology. 

Tbalr muDM wart: AraaUoi^ Dcmatim, TrWs (two), 




The eitjhtcen martyrs of SaracfOisa (a.d, 
808). Eogracia was the daughter of a 
Portuguese princess, engaged in marriage 
to ji iliiki' i.f (JiUia Narbonensis. Her 
father sent her with a companion named 
Julia, and sixteen nobles, to her t>etrothod, 
and the brilliant cortege stop|)cd at S ini- 
gossa in the house of Lujiercuti, her uncle. 
While here, Engracia was witness to one 
of the Christian butcheries of Diocletian 
and Maximian ; and, wUli heroie leel, stie 
went t I l>:i< i'ln to plead on behalf of her 
co-reiigionista. She told Dstfian her name, 



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ARMT OF MARTYRS. 



IPr.i 



ner rank, and her mission ; but the 
monster, instt'tt<l of bcinj» moved to pity, 
cumDuuided the beautiful young princcM 
md all her mdte to be east info primn. 
Eognu'ia was first beat^'n with clubs ; 
ttien tied to the tail of a }ior«c, aud 
diaggcd through the streets of the city ; 
next day her body was t<">rn with iron 
combs with such brutality, that Kome of 
her bowels were torn out aud a part of 
her liver ; her left breast was then cut off, 
and the knife cat eo deep that her heart 
was laid baro ; she was then taken back 
to pviion, aad died. Uer companions 
vera all bdieaded. 



I BHutyn who wiffr^n d with 

LuMnii* her iiiide. muA IM WUMrn 

m, OwUhami Srattah Mli^ fraotak 

OpMtDik WaMhnm. rmVUnt. OnlntOtaa. tMnw 

l(faar of llie nmiisi. PiH CMMit. ntid I'riiati. 
' K.B.— In tb<- iM-riocuiioii wSu h f.iUiiwcd. th« numb«r 
thiit W! I? iinl>nii»ti Tticy \tv (■•■U-lir»ti^l on Ni>». S, 
uu.lrr Uir t.(li< of "The liinu mcral> > Marifr* of 8ar»- 
KUMft."— TajuK)>ii»-8iiUnr, Uf^ttHUh Matigrologg, 

7%tf n«Mtom martyr:^ of Owtwn (July 

9, 1572). Nineteen jiricsts and religious 
men were taken by the Oilvinists in Cior- 
cuin, and, after sufferinff many insults, 
were hanged at Dril on account of their 
religion. Of these, eleven were Fran- 
ciscan friars, calk-d " Recollects," of the 
convent of Gorcum, one was a Norbertin, 
two were Dominicans, one wa^ a canon 
regular of St. Austin, three were curates, 
and one a secular priest. — William Estius 
(Dvnay, 1<M»). Sm also Ailcw&i Aem, 
pt. it. p. 174. 

fVanrl*- fn/.- Alltonr of Hnm»lre, nc.ir ('...rrnni; 
Aiil'i.o ' f W< ril»ii ; 0>rii<-<liM of Diir««taUt |n lAy lir,.;ln ii; 
(iudfrey o( McrreUla ; JrrMtM tA Warden ; Nicl-iua 



MB c( Han t rM« or an 4a kvMiMrh MMmIm 
I rhnck KiMdM ..f Bw—li ; lliMdaitt of ■nt' 



nek! 

bcdei> ; and WIOwM. • I ^ 

Tki othrn- right m r tf OoSfrcj Diinrn of (iornim. • 
ctjr:.t». ; J.ihn Hcltmrsnbcck. • Nwlwrtin uf .Ml<l>ll»- 
b' r.li , John, a IXiiiilnlcaii iif CViUitiiir : Jaiiim Iji<:o(i. 
a l>ui»inlcan o( Muuttar; JoliD UuMetvlcaui; Nichoiaa 
ffoeyal. a CMWta I iMnwd V««M. • cuiBl* ; MiS WalMiv 
a aniiv pvliil air H«bMrt, MW Don. 

The txKnty-six martf/rs nf Japan (Feb. 
f., l');*7). St. Francis Xavier arrived 
in Jafmn in 1549, and baptized many. 
In 1587 there wi re in Japan above a 
quarter of a million ChrinUans ; but in 
1588 tiie emperor Oarabaenndono com- 
manded all Jesuits to leave Japan M-ithin 
six months; many, however, still re- 
mained in the island. Tagcosama renewed 
the j)er!»ecnition ; and. in 1597, twenty- 
three nun and Uif-e boy a who nctetl 
as acolytes were martyred. They were 

(»ut to death at Nangasaquit in the follow- 
ns^ manner :~Twenty>8ix crosses were 
planted in a r' w, uIk ut four feet asunder ; 
the martyrs were fastened to these crosses 
bjcoida and chains about their arms and 



legs, and an iron collar about their necks. 
. The crosses were tl en lifted up, and 
. nianted in holes prepiirad to receive them. 
I liy each cross stood a spearman, who 

llinist his ppcar into the left side of the 
victim, immediately the cro»8 stood up- 
j right; and the victim soon died. — Albaa 
Huller, Lives of the Saints^ Feb. 6. 

I U<>)idr4 tiiete otnonlzn) marten UMTCvere inanrothar* 
' wLo »uIl<^ml uuirtyriloiu In Japan, notably Uie twriity- 

flta vtto wrre bst«n«d to tiakca and bunit aiira, fiast. 

1 la«t. Of Iheaa, SpiiioLt U Ui« mot iioMA. f/fot mm 

twanty martffs of Niooaiedin, mm Itidea.) 

7Vi€ forty martyrs of Acqitujny, in Not' 
marul;/ (fourth century). Not nitioh is 
known of this army of martyrs, but in 
Ac<|aigny is a black stone, kept in a glass 
case, containing the following words: — 

" HiCEMT LOCUS MAnXYItCM, ET UKI.IQUAI 
88. MARTTKCM MaXIMI KT VkXKRANUI, 
KT aOClOBVM XORUX TRXQUITA ST QVJO. ' 

The tablet is not dated. Maximsi and 

Veneramlus wi re natives of Italy, born 
somewhere in the neighbourhood of Mola. 
They went into (Saul to |Neach to the 
barbarians there, and being seized at 
Acquigny, near Evreux, were put to 
death, it ix sunposed from the tablet| 
with thirty-eight companions or con- 
verts. Maximus and Yenerandus, we are' 
t<»M, \s>-Tv liuriftl ncrir tlio s|nit nf their 
exccutioOt and in £)G0^ some six hundred 
yean afterwarde, their bodice were die*' 
covered l>y Amalbcrt, and deposited in a 
cha}>el built by Robert I. duke of Nur- 
nianJy.— 1/abbe Lebeurier, Ifidiot uur la 
(_'<•. in n>nic d'Ai ipiijn;/, 

Th« liin» tMlween Uts ilaaUi and diicorM? vouM mrrf 
ua back to Kdward I .oreran to (be gnuit <>r Mj.-i<a 
Charta. and no ona kiiotr. wbo Anialbert U Su|>|-->.« a 
errtaln Mr. SmUIi wet* to agr be boi found tbe buttiaail 
two of Um banmi wbo were i>rr«iit at tha •((iiing af 
M'lK'^ Charta, or e»rn two of Uta "iBbah" who Mm 
cut down by Kich&n] 11. In Wat T)iar's enft «• Aoal4 
ccrtaiiit; dainaiiU very .troug prouL 

T^'te forty mirt^/rs of the Thunder iny 
LeifUm (a.i>. 8'JO). Liolnusgave an order 
for all his army to olTfr sacrifice. The 12th 
or Thundering Lrgion was at the time 
lying at Scbaste, in I^esser Armenia, and in 
this legion were fort^ Christians. When 
thpy heard of the imperial order, they 
tnld the governor Agricolaus that their 
religion lt>rbade them to offer saonlice 
to idols. Heing punished for insubordina- 
tion they wore imprisoned ; and as they still . 
rcfur-ed to obey the imperial edict, Agrico- 
laus condemned them to death. The cold 
in Armenia is very severe, especially in 
March ; and towards tbe end of winter, 
when the win-l is north, the frost i:^ almost 
unbearable. Now, under the walls of 
SebasU^ tiieve wasa laiya pood, whicb al 



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Pr. f.] 



tm FORTT-BIGnT AND THE HUNDRED. 



•7 



the time was frozen over, ami the judjre 
Mdered the insubordinate soldiers to be 
exposed naked on the ice of this pond; 
but, under the hope that their nilferinKS 
might induce them toclmmje their minds, 
he commanded warm baths to be placed 
OB tfie mars:in, to which any of them 
♦night go if tlx V relented. When brought 
from prison, they went joyfully to the 
pond Mid stripped themselves without a 
innmiur. Most writers say that the ice 
was broken, and they st/)od' in the water ; 
but. St. lla.Hil and St. (irei;nry of Nvfsft 
•ffinn (hat they lay on the surface of the 
lake for three days, and all their limbs, 
one after another, were inortitled by the 
frost. While thus exposed they made 
this prayer : Lord, we are forty who have 
engaged in this combat ; grant that we 
may be forty crowned, and that not one 
be ' wanting of that sacred number." 
One of the number, unable to bear the 
honiUe lafferiog, ran to the bethi ; hat, 
the devil nhvnys deorivcs his votaries, 
no looner had he entered it than he 
died.** Thu epoetney greatly afflicts 
the martyr-* : but they were quickly com- 
forted by stem^ his place tilled up. The 
sentinel was warming himself near the 
bath at the time, and saw a number of 
spirits descend from heeiren on the mar- 
tyrs to comfort them. They had warm 
garments and crowns in their hands. He 
eoonted the crowns and found the number 
was only thirty-nine ; so, throwing off 
his clotlics, he ran to the {>und, crying, " I 
also am now a Christian." Then was 
heard the prayer, *' Grant there may be 
forty crowned, and that not one be want- 
ing of that sacred number." St. Ephn in 
•ays, llios was heard the jjirayer, tliough 
not m the manner it was imagined, and 
wo ought to adore the impenetrable 
secret* of Uie Almighty. As Matthias 
took the place ef the reprobate Judas, 
this sentinel was numbered with the 
thirty-nine in lieu of the apostate cow- 
ard.'' — St, Enhrcni, Oratiun on th« Forty 
Martyrs, vol. ii. (The martyrdom of 
these forty will be fmmd hi all hagio- 
grajihies.)' See C8p<>cially St. Husil, 
Hoauiy 2U, vol. i. p. 4^)2 \ St. Gregory «.f 
Nyssa, Discourses, vol. ii. pp. 4'.ii» -504 ; 
Culli!<tus, Chitrch IIist</r:f, bk. xiv. ch. 10 ; 
Tellemont, Maiwirs serrituf for the Eccle- 
iiiutioat history of the first SU Centurus, 
vol. p. 518 ; Kuinart, AcU of tht First 
Martyrs, p. 528. 

Hm i»»in« of U.e * forty miirfrn are ; Aearltn. A«tiat. 
AlrTkndcr. AuK-i'i'. AUiiiia-.iiit. Cilui. I'cndidlui. Ctiwllon, 
LUiiUIuh C)ril. UjinilUn. EcJlliiit. Eunokui. Kutycbe^ 



HirfeUo^ ioim. Umm, £r«bMM. M«ataa. Mi«»nii« 
NichoUi. riilkxtitnon. Prtaco*. QtUrkNU iMMVNii. 
Bcvrrlnn. SiMiiiu*. Siiuuifiilos Th*o<lultt^ iMOiMHa 
Vuicns. Vakrliu. Vib4iin. BodXiuiUiua. 

The fortn-fiijht martyrs of Lyons (a.O. 
177). Eusebius, in his Cn<"-rh I/iatorij^ 
gires an account of the martyrs of Lvons, 
and mentions some of tiwirnamea. There 
is an inscription above a prison door in 
Lyons, running tlius : "The church of 
Lyons has alwavs venerated this cavern, 
as the prison wliere St, Pothin (its first 
bishop) was shut up with forty-eight 
Christians, and where he won the crown 
of martyrdom." Gr^ry of Tours and 
Ado, arehbiahop of Treves, completed tha 
list given by Eusebius. As the lists eon** 
tain only forty-eight names, the bishop 
Pothin mnst be indaded in the words 
•'fut cnfenuff avec quarante-huit Chre- 
tiens." There were twenty-seven men 
and twenty-one women. Of these, twenty- 
four were Roman cititens, and were be- 
headed ; six were exposed to wild beasta \ 
and eighteen died in the dungeon. 

(1) Those who died in the dungenn 
were; Apollonios, Arescius, Comelina, 
(Iramnittis, (leminianiis, .Inlius, PoTHI!t 
(the bishop, aged ninety), Titus, Zolicus^ 
Zozimus ; /Emilia, Alumnai two named 
Antonia, Julia, Josta, Pompeia, and Tro- 
phima. 

(2) The twenty-four Roman citizens, 
beheaded, were: Alcibiades, (Jomminus, 
Geminns, Maearioa, Oetober, Philommns, 

Primu's, Silvius, Ulpius, Vettius Epnga- 
thus, Vitalis, Zachariah ; /Emilia, Albina, 
Biblis or liibliada, Grnt^i, IIel)>is (alao 
called Amnas), .lulia, Matfirnu, Pompeilk 
I'osthumiana, Quinta, Khodana, and 
Kovala. 

(tf) The six exposed to wild beasts 
were t Alexander of Phrygia, Attains of 

Pergamos, Muturus a neophyte, Ponticus 
a youth, Sanctus deacon of Yienne, and 
Blaadina a fenala slftTe. 

8m aalNt PothU H M ttmrmmmm w i ti iri. AIM 
Andr* GouakMitl, Originm fiifHtt 4» litm; sai 

8t, SmeoH, arokbithop of Sekuda^ with a 
hmdred otAsr Ckri^ns put to a martyr^g 
death by Sctpjr, kinj nf Pcrsi-t (April 17, 
A.D. iMo). St. Simeon, archbishop of 
Seleaeia, bang seised by order of Sapoft 
was brought before the shah, who gave 
him the choice of ottering adoration to 
the snn or being put to death. St. Simeon 
refused to worship the creature instead of 
the Creator. He was beheaded, and a 
hundred other Christians with him. Of 
these, five were bishops, several were 
prieiti or dMeooi, and the icit IttTOMB. 



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ARMY 07 MABTrnS. 



A Auy or two before, GuhMintarndCs, 

chief of the eunuchs, and first nuMe of 
tlie kingdom, had been beheaded for avow- 
big liknaelf a Cbrivtiaii.—- Aawtmuri, Ads 

of the Mnrtyrt of the Knut, vol. i, p. 1. 

120 rnariyrs of //adiabena, in Persia 
(A.D. 844). In the fifth year of the 
persecutions in Pcrsift, kinp Sopor boitif^ 
in Sell ucia, 120 Christians were arrested ; 
among which, were nine virfjins, se\-eral 
priests, and a Uige number of tiM inferior 
clergy-. They vnnriirad fix -nontht in 
filthy dungeons, till the end of M-inter. 
Jaadundocta, a wealthy lady of Hadia- 
huBm, Mfyporied ttieni nil tiw tini«. They 
wen ultimately beheaded, and Ja/dun- 
doeta employed men to embalm their 
bodies and bury them. — AssenHUli, 



t/ the Martyrs, vol. i. p. 105. 

The 275 martyrs of Persia (April 9, 
A.n. SG'J). Thf I'er^mn.s took by siege 
the caatle Betbtarbe, on the Tigris, 
naaMcred gsrriaon, nnd led awny nine 
tht)usand captives, among wliich were 
three hundred Chriftians. Wlien tliey 
•rriwd on tlio eonfinct of Assyria, the 
option was given to these Christians 
either to adore tlie sun or sulTcr death. 
Twenty-five saved their lives by abjuring 
the Chriaiian faith, bat the remaining 
976 witaeetcd by their blood n good eon- 
fession.— Alban JkHeTi Xmm <^ ikt 
SaitUSj April 9. 

The 6666 martyrs of fA# TUbtm Legion, 
The emperor Maximian had a legion 
of Cr>6C Christians, commanded by St. 
Maurice. This legion was raised in the 
ThebaTs of E^pt, and had been baptized 
bv Zabdus, bishop of Jerusalem. When 
Binximian was on his march to Gaul to 
put down a rebelUon, Uiis legion formed 
port of his army. Halting st Agaunum, 
the emperor ordered tliat the gods should 
be propitiated with sacrifice. St. Maurice 
eoa hia Christian legion leAiMd to be 

£ resent at this heathen ceremony, and 
[aximian, considering tlieir absence an 
act of mutiny, ordered the legion to pass 
nnder the yoke, and every tenth man to 
be cut down. The survivors still refused 
to Ih" |>ri'.<cnt at tlu- •sacrifice, and the 
emperor commanded them to be decimated 
again; and wlien tiie rarfdne atiU le- 
mained persistent, Maximifin sent the 
other legions to hew them all to pieces. 

The 6666 mart^'rs were buried in pita ; 
but three hundred yenrt* afterwards their 
ghoets appeared to bishop Theodore, and 
told l»im where they lay. Tiieodore com- 
BMBded the bodies to be disinterred, and 
■snt IMr will to anndry countries, whafa 



shrines or churches were erected to their 
lionour. Divers miracles, we arc assured, 
have fully attested the favour with which 
God has regarded Ifaia army of VHUtyra. 
In the vestry of Toledo, in Spain, is shown 
tlie head of St.. Maurice, colonel of the 
legion. — Usnard (died 1475), Martfffvhfflff 
Metafthrastcs (tenth centurv), Lirrs, etc. ; 
Antonius (died 1586), (fhronicon ; and 
many others. 

St» Ursula and her eleven thousand 
virgin martyrs (a.d. 237). St UrsuU, 
the daughter of Dinnotus, a British king, 
was sought in marriage by Uoiolenila, 
a heathen prinea. IHanotne eo n sen t e d 
to the alliance, bat Ursula made it 
imperative that the prince should be 
baptized, and that three yean riloidd 
elapse before the marriage was consna* 
mated. During these three years Ursala 
was to travel with her eleven maidens, 
each attended with a thousand com- 
panions. Tlie eonditioaB being accepted, 
St. Ursula, with her suite, set sail, 
reached Cologne, and proceeded thence 
to Rome. Having visited the tombs of 
the apostles, Ursula, with the ele%'en 
thousand virgins, returned to Cologne, 
and fell into the hands of Attila and the 
Huns, by whom all were put to the 
sword, except Ursula, who was reserved 
as a prize for Attila. Subsequently 
Ursula also was put to death. God 
heard the voice of llie martyrs crying 
from the ground, and sent a host n 
angels to smite the Huns, as the angel 
of death once smote the army of Sen* 
nacherib. The inhabitants of Cologne, 
being thus miraculously delivered from 
its invaders, built a church in honour of 
the virgin martyrs, and called it St. 
Ursula's. The bonce of file mart^-rs, 
piled togctlier in tlie wall, are still shown 
to visitors through glass windows: but| 
undoubtedly, many of Hie boaea abowA 
are those of men and boys. 

Another version makes the tale a 
Christian parallel to the Kape of the 
Sabines" in Itoman story. Thus Geof- 
frey of Monmouth, in his British History, 
bk, V. ch. If), tolls us Uiat Maxi- 
mian, the British king, having cos* 
quered Annoriea, now ealled mittany, 

f:avc it to Conan Meriadoe, his nephew, 
king almost depopulated by war, Conan 
wi.'hM to find wives for himself and his 
soldiers, and induced Dianotus, brother 
and successor of ( nradoc, king of Corn- 
wall, to assist him. Dianotus himself 
bad a daughter, named Ursula, and her 
he praniiea to Gobbb for wife. He then 



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AUREOLA OF MUtSD, AXTONT. 



■ammoned topether all the chief men of 
his kin^om, and by their means pot 
toKctber eleven thouMnd maidenS} all of 
whom, with hifl deuirht«r Unnla, he 
Bliippf^d to Conan. Scarofly were the 
tnuisports in the open sea, when contrmiy 
wind! wm^ diov« tticn lb Zealand and 
Holland, and thence to the mouth of the 
Kbine. Here a piratic force nnder Melga 
and Gnaaint, cnnaiftinfr chiefl3f» of TicU 
and Huna, coasting aoont those parte, 
stumbled on Uie transports, and deter- 
mined to take the maidens totlienisi lves; 
hai Ursula and the devcn thousiuid re- 
rialed theindign'ity. Tbc pirates, infttfi- 
■Itd at this r(»si«tjincc, fell on the women 
fSkit wolves, and put them to the pvrnrd. 
Caidoln eaeapad, bnt, beinf caught the 
next day, was put to death also. Tlie 
bodies of the martyred viri;in.s were 
afterwards carefully gatlicreU together, 
■ad taken to Coll^ [Cologne], where 
was erected a famous nnnnerr, but many 
were distributed, as holy n lirr*. in other 
parts of Christendom. The slaughter of 
tfM iMrrm ttmnd to laid to bare oe- 
Oct. 21, A.D. 237. 



Ho alnti In the ealvMar have ncfirr^ mnre iir«tlc« 
Ptma St. Umtb ami bar vlrgliu. T\i* nMfi account b 
(lT»n b7 Gaufrul hUho;i of ht. AjeAfTc [ Avi|'h I Otniliial 
B-iriiiilim, »ml Willlniii 1 Imlnii liUlnii i.f kiirpinuiid, 
took Uiolr accouiiU (roM tbm buuk of lb« Wcbh bUiop 
OMftld. pnmm* la Iks VmIbm IMmnr. St. AOa, 
MchHifaop of Tr¥rm, to Ui Jtmrtgrtilcfjt, gtraa tha 
foOowInc namm ak tha moat ndtM of Um virgin* : Unuta. 
■ad Cordula who wapt-d btit waa aflerward.« ca^iUirvd 
aral [Hit u> rifMtii. Urllula. ClrnwntU, Grata, Gnvvte. 
Mur.ha <ur M.>rt)nV CiillnclU. PliiniMa. fUbncI^ f 
|«r aotamiat. batornlna. Hrala. and Scatte. 

Waadaitai^ vba tfM akaur A.8I. SNk tfVM t 
•rn UmriaaM tar ar^daM; m» doaalte*llNn bi Ma 
ChrfmifU (twrlfth Motnry) ; Ro|{«rhu CTftrrriciidai 
Eirhardua PrwtnonitralanaK Claudtu* <le Ri>Ia. Br>iiftnhM 
In hl« BUterg of Hungtirii, Petnis t\r NstAtitm-, l'<tIi,|on) 
Vlrfil in hU l^Ufury '/ A'ny/.in.i. nn 1 J.,mi;< utiu .'•uriii* 
(MTV) l« to i4aa» ^ l*« «ataa, vbcra thm moat dalaiicd 

■BSHafthtotaf 



AtiTvola or Olosy. (Stt Liomt, 

pt. ii.) 

y.\ov>. xxxir. 2«-35. Wh»Ti Mo»Mi came 
dAwn from tb« mount with tbe two tabteit of 
t^.<-t mony, "the skin of liU face Bt)oiie . . . 
and the cliiklren of Iiira«l were afrdid ci>n>e 
aigb bim . . . [so] be put a veil upon his 



Man.xvlLS. When JesoswsatiaQaflgiirsd 
'HtoteedUsUaaMtbesan." 

Sar.x.1. 1 saw a aaUn t ial^iy aft! come 
4awa Ileal bt a wa ... a latebew was upon 
bto head, and hts facA was a« it were the otin. 

Am vl. 16. All that aat in tbe cwuncil. 
Iiiokinc cteadfaatly on Stephen, 8aw his lassas 
H bad been tbe face uf an angel. 

Man/ of tha foMowtnc rfghta of itlnrr and hmilrMMta 

pt-rnoinrrta may Ix" »ati»faftf>rlljr ascrN^ to morbid 
action ill ttr nu-«) tiiilif !nii»Lrrj capglji (-<>iir>n t«l with 
tt»a uftk rv»rvt», arUlng trov\ rt*riiiiv;<im nf. c-ntrk- nr 
•tcaiitiHo'tliedn:«^atlon o< U>« bUx<i within tliv (.ruin, 
fl( Um bnOa ur cys ii«rv*4i«tia. 



U|M befcn Hm 
' - itolht 



The face of St. A^lrcd in infanci/ cast a 
shadow (ll{)9-1166). The following I 
give in Uie exact words of Mgr. Giicnn, 
as I fear any translation would be con- 
sidered apocryphal : Lorsqu'il repo- 
sait, enfant, dans son bercean, son parent 
[GuilUunwJ a'approchant ponr le eon- 
side'rer, fnt font a conp saisi de respect et 
d'adniiration, car il vit la figure du petit 
enfailt briller com me le soleil; elle 
rayonnait d*ane telle lami^ie, one Gail- 
laume en approchant sa main, elle faisait 
de I'ombre, et il se voyait duns ce visajfe 
comme dans un miror." — 1^ s Fetits Bw^ 
landisies (7th edit. 1880), toI. i. p. '286. 

Tbe expraatlon "oUe fniaaJt da I'ombre * can onir maan 
WiHMll feane thmra on tba chllTa fas* 

vWdl AoMUMtlWmi bat bow an oimqim bodjrcHi 
throv a thadow on a bmlBooi ona ia eartalnhr a mmp 
phanofficiion In optlnL Italak of your band. Ma MhM 
a bmlng bunp. tafowiac • riudow on iba Saai*, 

aureola of St. Afriau, bishop of 
Cinnmintjes (sixth century). One day 
when St. Africua was oel'eknating mass, 
aa aareola or crown of fire eaeireloa 

hx'*. head, "quam qui nanctifisima' synaxis 
digni erant, conspiciebant ; indiniis 
autem noa aspoelablieni " (only tbe hoUeii 
of the confjregation cotild see it, to the 
rest it was not vitiible). — Labbe Ser- 
Ti^res, ScUnU du Jtoueiyue. 

Agbanu and the painter. Agbams, 
hearing of the fame of Jetius, sent an 
artist to take the likeness of the dirino 
Redeemer. When the artist saw Jesiia 
and looked on Hit faee to draw H, bo 
found it was ro radiant with divine 
splendour, and so dazzling in bright- 
IMH| that he could not bear tO llx hit 
eyes on it, and he told Agbarus that ao 
ait could de|iict such brightness any 
more than it could paint the glory of the 
son.— Nioephoma fiallistiiii Kosittiattioal 
Uistortf. 

The face of St. Antony of Pa^hm :,rmui- 
to Anceiintu like thi jaoe uj an angtl, 
^Vhen St. Antony of^ Pttdna rearared 
Anceliniis, tyrant of Padiin, for his mis- 
deeds, all expected that the tyrant would 
command hi* iaitant execution. What 
waa their amazement when they beheld 
Aneelhins run towards the man of Ciod- 
fall at bis feet, and promise amendment 
Ancclinus told his court that he saw a 
dirine splendoor come from tto faee of 
St. Antony, which he was afraid to look 
upon, and his heart within him lost its 
courage.— Edward Kmesmaa (IftS), 
Livet of the Saints, p. 369. 

Tfte body of St, Artcnius ttenu to btom ■ 



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AUBBOLA or xtnrrBfiRms, sra 



[Pr.l 



ire (a.i>. ifiO). A brother, to whom God 

nad revealed some of His most rboifen 
disciples, went to the cell of St. Arsenius, 
and looking throaiBth the window tmw the 
saint, as it fccnird, nil on firo, d'fnit 
Tardeur dont ton ame etait t>aint<iiicnt 
einbrasi^e dans roimiMD,quo Dii>u voulait 
Itti manifeoter par ce prndiirc/' — Michael 
Ange Marin, Litts of the Father* of t/uf 
EaUem Ikmrta, 

It b aM «r It Kwlifoirfa {Mil «Hitanl -im^m 

■tort, tan coffa bnlU ^Tiid Adat «RHMliiBab«i*'»<«« 
^mU' IMIanditU*. voL T. fi. 6U. 

The face of St. £ieutherhu encircled 
n-ith a ffhr^ (A.D. 681). When St. 
l.ltutlifrins returned to Tnnmai, nfter 
his miracuhnis reUt'so frdiu uri»OD, ait he 
do.Hct'nded St. Amirtw's Blount (then 
called the Sacred Mount), holding aloft 
iflie precious rt lies, two distinct circles of 
glory (■nc<irii|Mi.ssi"I head, and nil the 
people shouted. On his maich towards 
the ebareh * miinber of sfek folk wero 
hcftk-d of their infirmifics, thr dumb 
bpuke, t!ie deaf had hiaritig rusUtrt^d, nnd 
many a cripple leaped for joy. — Lee 
J*etita Bollanaistes, vol. ii. p. GOl. 

The face of St. Epiphanius luminotts in 
infanrij (a.i>. 438). Kpiphanius was the 
•on of Mams mud Focvna of Favia, nnd 
waa ao called becante * lamioous gh ry 
burrniindfd his fmc when he was tir-^t 
put into his cradle. — Knnodius, Life oj 
St. JCpiphannis of J'avia. (This life it 
inserted in the Acta Smtetottan by Bo!« 
Undus.) 

Mgr. Gu^rin, in hU Tiiw (h* SitiiUs, 
MVS of St. Rpiphanint, **I>a lumibre 
^cTatante qui parut sur son corps, apr^s 
son d(c<-s, flit urie ni.'iri|ue de In gloite dc 
son lune " (vol. i. p. 518). 

The face of 8t. fhmeit J hmmimm too 
<7.t;c/-»i./ ^> Ih' looked on (a.o. l(542-17in). 
Cardinal Wiseman says that St. Francis 
Hienmimttft bad f^ncot ecstasies ; and 
one dny, whrn he was exhorting the 

tcupltr lu the Ciliimiuuion, his fare actually 
umed with li^ht ; in fact, liUc the fnce 
of Moaea, ^biouisaait lea jeux de ceux 
qm le voyaient.** 

(St. Francis was canonized in 1839.) 
iS^. Francii of I'aula environed xdth 
an mmola in the form of three crotm* 
(a.O. infi-1507). One dny, as St. 
Francis of I'auU wat* praying at the foot 
of tlie Ugh altar, while all the monks 
were present, two priests and a brother 
frtim another monastery saw him en- 
viriined in li^;ht, and having on hi* head 
three crowns of gioiy, like the pope's 
tianu 



At another time, according to the 
inonioipi of -lohn dc Milaz/n. one of bis 
disciples, the archangel Michael ap- 
p^red to him in great glory, and pre- 
sented tn him ft cartonch environed w ilh 
rays, "couinie line ^loire de saint sacre- 
ment,"and containing the i>vord CnAitiTr« 
in letters of celestial c<>ld, on nn n/tire 
field. St. Miclinel told htm to adopt this 
device in his (iT<UT.~Adi$ttf OmUtuation, 
etc (Father Giry), 

The face of St. Orhufa ^om at dieaUl 
\nth ccltsfii' Hiht (a.I). KJIO). St. 
Oringa was born at Saiitji ("roce. Oc- 
casionally she fell into ecstasies^ md 
8aw into futiiritj'. She died at the age 
uf seventy, uf paralysis, and " her face 
shone with a celeelial light, as it bad 
been the face of an angel*" — Acta Sanc- 
iontm (reprinted from 7%9 L fe of St. 
Orimja^ by Silvanus Hazzi). 

Whenever St. J'hUip of Neri received 
the oaerament hie face beeame hunimm$ 
(A.n. 15ir> In the sacrament of 

the mass, when the hand of St. Philip of 
Neri touched the chalice, his face glowed 
with mysterious light. And at the elcva« 
tion, his soul became so ravished that be 
could not lower his amis. Sometimet 
he was actually lifted off the ground in 
these eeetasica. So also in prayer, not 

nnlv hif« face luminr.t;^. hut real 

.sjiarka uf tire tiew from his eyes. — Father 
Antony GnloDlOi Lifo of St. PkUip of 
Heri. 

Durina tfte mcrifice of the nutss the 
face vf >'t. S'ltii.ifm seemed on fire (a.o^ 
5^/>), While offering the sacnoc^ of the 
mass, after bis eAnseeration as bishop of 
I>id, near St. ilalo, all the n«i,iivtant^ re- 
marked that the face of St* Samson was 
on 6re ; thnt flames of Are bnrst from bis 
mouth, ears, and nn?ifrilf», snd a luminous 
glory encircled his hmd with rays like 
those of the sun. His biogiapber adds, 
it was no unusual tiling to see angels at 
his side, while he was serving at the altar. 
—Horn l<obioc«a, £«Mt of the Smnto e/ 
Britiani/. 

The face of Fhtncie Xavier flashed vrith 

bru]htnt <:i (a.T). 1. ■■.(">. 1552). Cardinal de 
Monte told pojie Gregory XV. tlial Hsksh- 
ing flnoeo of heavenly brightness were 
ofif'n !5pen in the face of St. Francis 
Aavier while in comniuniun w ith God in 
prayer, showing not only the fire of his 
own devotion, but kindling a new fire of 
derotioB in thoiv who saw it.— *AmmbI at 
the CtmomiaeOion of JEcniar, Jsa. 19, A.D. 
162^ 

face of Si, Ttotof AaUmSiomoam' 



Digitized by Google 



Pr. I.J 



pasftd tctth an aureoia (A.n. 1040-1)16). 
1 he love of God in the heart of St. Tvca 
f-lu »i a divino li^rht <>n his fnce ; so that, 
many a time and olt* a laminous glory 
WM Men wtmi hi» bead, csr)eeially when 

he W n hiunistoring the ilivinn nv, i 
tenet.— L'abb^ babatier, HamU Ue Ucuu- 

A thmuMiKl l)vrr'r<1 unifU lo^Vrj fth« purv^ltaAiil^ 
iHiviiii; for -.fT nuh 1 1 i ^ : In niicl limit . . • 
Till oft eonverw with lirxtmlf htliluiitjt 
Ikxiii >o ca.4 « boMn on lb« outvnnl »ltii|<« . * 
Aiul turiu II ht dcSTM* to Um MNii'a mmmc% 
ta nM >t muA tmmuM. ^ 

A cdfwtial Krkt tmrromuU the head of 

the vmrrahle Anttmi/ Mart/ Zaccaria of 
Cremona (a,d. 1502-1539). When An- 
tony Mary Zaeeam offered up ntMs for 
the first time, a celestial light eocom- 
passed him, and a multitude of aD|;els 
forriu'd R circle round him, assistinj^ him 
in the aucuftt aacritice. Thia was known 
to all Hi ()i«motia, and tho yoitng priost 
was cnlled The Man with the Angel," 
or " The Angel of God."- R. P. Teppa, 
JLife of the VenerMe Zaccarit, 

The rctifj ]iroji/ut of Khontsmn. Thia 
is only u tale, butUte luluexhibiU a very 

Gnerkl belief. The story says that Mo- 
ana imitated H oMt by wearing a veil 
over his face when he appeared before 

his deluded followers. He gave out that 
he did so, because his face was so daz- 
zling, that do one could look thereon and 
live. 1 he real truth was this, his face 
waa so hideous aud so disfigured with 
%ctLT% that ho wore a veil to bide ita re- 
pulsive ugliness. Thomas Moore has a 
poetical version of the legend in bis 

BalMun^s Coimsel to Balak. 

Nrun. xxzl. K, and v. 8. BaUaio vas nent for 
by Ii4lak. \l\u% of Muab, tocume tbe people led 
by .\lu«K i» ill th^ >\ ildf riH"-!» ; Imt the ]>riipbet 
toil] lUIak tlmt •irxl ^^oul<i not curs»e ttif peupte 
iKi iung ilx y n uiiUned faithful to Him. He 
add«^l. howe ver, if th'-y ran Ik* riiticed 10 
iduUtry, tliAl tlun ('>>!'.'« arip-r %^ould be 
ruubed, aiiii the ptypl*.' would be df-ftroyed. 
Tbfl question wu«, bow ooold this infaiuiius 
btttt be canied out ? Balaam was ready witb 
an aoivcr; tbe MoaMtbli women, be Mid, 
wrre to lie used fur tbe |NtrpoM of eotldng tbe 
people to tdn. Let Uiem be sent amongst the 
Jfraciitcs to bold dAltiaDce wlib tliem, and 
allure ibe pet>ple to woniblp tbe Moabitlsb god 
U«.>lphf(5ur. 

Till 11 ^rh XXV ) was fUxl'-? aii^'r kindled 
apaiii'^l lirarl ; and M. hi s sjii.l ti> llic juilgca, 
Slay ye every "ik.' tlL-vl ha* joinixl in >Acrlti(w to 
Baal-peor. .Sarct ly Imd li'' ci nki-n. wlu-n 

ybttabas asw ooe of tbe IsraeUtes witb a 



M i iiauitiah moman, and be slew both tbe man 
a i I woman wllb a javelin. 8e tbe plagaewaa 

Kmj AntM-hus tries to entice iht 
Hebrei's to sin. Antiochus, who sno- 
ceeded Alexander the (iriat in Greece, 
made war oxx tUe Hebrews, took the 
city of Jerusalem, ransacked the temple, 
and laid the cottntry waate. Following 
^e example of Moab, be tried to entice 
the people from their allefiiance to God, 
and commanded them, on pitin of death, 
to eat swine'f fleeb, and to sacrifice to 
the Greek idoI?i. Mattnthias, the Jewish 
priest, one day &aw & Hebrew approach- 
ing an altar with the intention of offering 
sacrifice, and thnist him through with 
his sword, so that he died. Antiochus 
in.»i:;ied that .Mattathias should himself 
offer ucrifice to Zeus; but the prtcit 
tbrew down the altar, and tbcn exbortcd 

all who were on the Lord's side to follow 
him to the mountain outside the city, 
lliiher many resorted, and there they 
fortified tliemselvcs. Ultimately the 
numbers greatly increased, and they 
made thcmselvet naatwf of Jcmaalem* 

Balance of th« Sanctuary. 

Dak. t. 27. Tbon art weighed In tbe balano^ 
and found wantiuK. 

Jon xzzL C. I>t me b« weighed to an even 
balance, that God may know mme tetegrtty. 

T/u- Cluipel of the Balances^ in lirittamj. 
The al>b(*t of SoiHson.s, in his Annaia uf 
the JJtiMcsr of linttaHy^ tells us there 
was in Brittany a "Cbapel <rf tilt 
Balances," in which perMma who came 
to be cured mimculouslr were weighed, 
to ascertain whether tluir weiclil di- 
minished, when prayer was made by tbe 
monks in Iheir liofaalf. St. Qnirinua and 
St. Arsacius both speak of a man wei);hed 
in a scale against the bread and cheese 
which he gave in alma to the poor. At 
Kierzy Church there wR<t n similar 
''balance." In the life of ist, Hubert of 
Brittany, the liollnndi'^ts tell us of a 
•tranger who was making tbe foandatioo 
of a fiooM, when Ibe devil lifted him iip 
and threw him into a deep pit. He was 
drawn out more than halt dead, and had 
a black mark on hi.^ forehead. Being 
taken to the Chapel of the Balances, he 
waa weighed, luiriri;^' been sentenced to 
give the iiionk.n txt »n otlering as much 
wax to make into candles as would weigh 
down his own body. On p. 6d will be 
l-u:rl rlir Recount of I'etcr the ImnkiT, 
who dreamed be waa weired a^^ainat iua 



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41 



BARREN WOMEN MOTHERS. 



[Pi. I. 



aims to the poor, and was so tern tied at the 
nmUts ttMt 1m teaun^ a eonTerted man. 

Iliilw*F. ihn mother of Tliomw IVcket. mol tn 



Barren Women thd Mothers 
of ddldreiL 

1 Sak. I 10-28. Hannah, otip or t' <• wlv»^ 
of Rlk.tn.ih. haM tio cJiI'd. and wa* vfry Porrow- 
fnl. In Ihf bittirn '^-^ ( f hrr fo\i\ she wftit tu 
th* ttftnpte, aod nrayed. Ami she vwwed a 
vow, And nM, 0 LorJ of hosts, If Thou w fit 
IndMd look on tbe afnietlonof Tbine bandniAkl, 
snd gtva vnio her a man dllUU then will I give 
bim onto the Uotd. Kll, sapposlng ber to be 
dmnlc, SAid tO bcr, How long wltt tboo be 
drunken f Pvl a««T win(> ma thm. And 
Uanneh ewnwrM, No, my lord . . . I have 
drtrok neither wine nor strong drink, but have 

fiiirrd out my noqI before the I»rd. . . , 
)if:i\ Kli »Hiil. f!o in praro : ami Uif of 
Jsrai 1 pranl tliop thy pfiiilon tliat tbou hast 
- of Him. In liui^ tinif a l»rn. 

•rid After it wah weaued, ll<tnaah brought h«r 
offering to the temple. 

Ll-kk i. 1-13. ZacharUii the prtmt had no 
child, and both he ai»d hi« wife Eliubetb wtTe 
well strkken in years. While be was burning 
bieeate to the temple, m mimI appeared to 
bIm and oaid. Fear not, Zadiarlsa: lor thv 

E rarer is heafd; snd tby wife Kllssbeth shall 
ear thee a tan. and thM stiall call his nsme 
John. 

Gbk. xvl 1; xvll. 1, 16, 19; xvlH. 9, 10. 
Sarai, Abraiii'* wife. bir>> no ciilidreu. And 
when Alram wa'^ niiifi y-niiic yeam oUI, God 
aa>d to blin. Ah for Sarai. tby wife, thou ehalt 
[no longer] call ber nameSarat. but SarHli. . . . 
And 1 will blsss ber. sad five thae a »«a of bo; 

. . and tbon Shalt cstthlB name Issae. 

The (lovnifnof T(jf*d<nue becomes a mother 
t/irough the interceatkm ^ St, Foi (a.d. 
10M). William Taillefer, coiint of Toti- 
louse, ninrried Arsinda of Anjou in 975, 
but, bavine no child by ber, he lived to 
adultery witii a married woman. Arsinda 
wa§ very unhnppr, and prnycd parnestty 
thai her repr<>:ich might he taken awav ; 
she ako nmde a pilprrimage to St. ^oi 
d'Agcn. Ikrp, fit nij;ht, St. Foi appeared 
to her, and bade her consecrate on St. 
Saviour's altar, in the tnonapfery of 
Conques, Uie rich bnie«lcts tdie was then 
wenrinp. "T wfll," said ttie owwi t e ts , 
"htit ..btaiti f-.r II--. -x .r.n." '« I will 
intercede on your Whalf with Jesus 
Chrirt,** said St F«i, and Tanished from 
her si^rht. Next mominp the connteiiH 
went to Conques with a ^;rnnd c»>rlt'};o, 
and was ^eted on her way by all the 
pcntry of the nei{;hbourhood. On readiing 
the tron«flter\', she was directed to the 
altar of St. Snviour, and j>rrscnt<'d the 

bracelcta; tfa«y were of gold tissue, artisti- 



(cally wronght, and enriched with preeioua 
stoOM. The countess remained in tha 
monaittery till EoiiU'r, and then returned 
to Toulouse. The sania year she brou^bfe 
forth her firstborn child, and called hia 
name Baymond* Not long after aba had 
a Moond mo, wfiieh die eallad Haoiy.-* 
Salvan, History/ of the Churchof TMuim, 
St. Nicholas prmnises Amata ^ A» 
Angtio a son. Compagnone And Amite 
were wenlt^v Thnstians of St. Anfrelo, in 
the terriUirv of Fenno, but they had no 
cliildren. they besought 8t.' Nicholas 
to obtain for them this favour of the 
Lord, vowing:, if he did so, that they 
would call the child after the name of 
the saint. While thev were in the church 
of St. Nidiolas, in flic city of Bari, in 
Puglia, the ^rAnt. appeared to then!, and 
assured ttiem they hIiouU have a »on 
which should be a blessed servant of 
God. In due time the child was bom, 
and they called its name Nicholas. — Si. 
Antony (affchbiifaop of floicBee)| C kn m i 
con. 

In the reiiju of Ilieodopiu'^ II., son i f Ar* ;i- 
dius, there lived in Ale^taadria a rich 
nobleman namod PapbnueiQa, who had mi 
child. He and hist wife jjnve Inr^ly t*> the 
religious houses to obtain their interces- 
sion with God thai this renroach might 
be removed from them, and that a child 
mi^ht bo f:iven tlionu In time a daugh- 
ter was born, whom they named Euphro* 
•yne. The child grew up a rare beau^, 
and at flie age of eighteen ber fattier 
betrothed her to a young man of fr rtuna 
and family ; but, like Samuel, she waa 
God's child, and the Ix>rd had aaid tohor, 
" I betrt'th thee unto Myself for ever ; yea, 
I betroth thee unto Myself in righteous- 
ness, in lovingkindness, and in mercy. 
I betroth thee in faithfolneaa ; and thon 
shalt know the Lord.** • While the wed- 
dinj^ was pondin;;, Euphrogyne secretly 
left her father's bousei and, assamiog 
male iMire, entered a momwtery nnder 
the name of ••Brother Emerald." She 
soon distinguished lier^elf by herdevotion, 
gentleness, and patience, so tliat her fame 
spread abroad, llavint; bvf^<! BprhHrd 
for twenty year.-*, her lather wont txt tJie 
monasterv to bespeak the prayers of 
Brother Emeiald" that ha ni^t find 
hia dangfater. She bade bim remain 

where he was for tliree days, at the ex- 
piration of which time she revealed her- 
•df to bim and died. Her deaOi waa 
fieaily daylored, and the monaatarf ap» 



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BARREN WOMEN MOTHERS. 



poiated the nnaivemry to be kept in 
perpetiii^ an fh« *' Fdte of 8t Enpliro- 

synr." In ('hri.'*ti.m art St. Euplirosynt'^ 
i« repreacnt.eti with the clothes <>f n man 
Ij'inir Rt her feci, becnu.te, like St. Hilde- 
ponda, St. Marina, St. Palngia-Maixarct, 
St. Theodora, and oihem, she so disguised 

hentU.—ActuSmetanm, (MctepMflto 
wrote b«r life.) 
Mimttmiu arfwed FmShu «nd CtHnia, 

well $!ri ((71 i/i i/' ir , I f'<i si/n. MontenuH 
we^t hlIni^elf bliod, hewailing the sins of 
the people of Fraaee, aad eeiwed not day 
or ni^'ht fn iniportune C»od to visit the 
people and |tar(jon their traDS|;re8sioD8. 
At lencth his prayers were heard, and God 
asm red him that a child should shortly 
be bom, whose name would be Retni^^us, 
who should go forth in the ji '« ( r and 

Sirit of Elijah, and ihoold turn many of 
e ditoliedient to the wisdom of tiie fint 
Montanus went immediately to thp house 
of Emilius, tbe penon referred to by the 
an^l, and told nim tliat his wife Celinia 
sht»uld Wnr n "on. Eniilius laughed and 
said, "Shttil & child be born to him that 
is fourscore years old : and shall Celinia, 
wfao is also well ttricKeii in age, hare a 
childt when it Iws eeosed to be with her 
after the manner of women ?" Montanas 
said to him, " Why dust thou laugh ? Is 
■nytbing too hard for the Lord ? Verily, 
at the time appointed, Celinia shall have a 
•on. And when the child is bom she 
■hall anoint my eyes with her milk, and 
my sight shall be restored to me." It all 
fell out as Montanus bad said. The child 
wa« bom, and ^v^n nrmu FJemipiuH or 
Kemi ; and Celinia having anointed the 
«\*M of Vontanns witii her mUk, hie 
mr'ht wn^ restored. St. Remi prew up in 
Uie epint and power of Elijah, as the 
angel of the ,I^)rd had said.-— FlodOWt, 
UUtoire de FKijlise de Heims, bk. i. 

St. HUarion ohiattu a chUd for a icQtnan 
barren fifteen yettrs. One day a woman 
oame to the young hermit Hilarion, who 
gmde rn^M for her to go away ; but the 
said til Iiiiii with many tearn, " O servant 
of the living God, pardon my boldness, 
fi»r my sorrow is very great. Shun me 
iH*t, but tnkr [<ity on my grief. Remem- 
ber, a woman was thy mother, and a 
woman was the mother of our blessed 
tSnvionr." Hilarion eould not withstand 
these words, and asked bis petitioner 
wlint she wanted, and why she wept. 
"Thy aervaot," she repliedJI "has been 
named fifteen years, Imt haa no child. 
And my husbnn l tliruitrns to divorce mc 
niyeai 1 bear him chiidien." Hilarion, 



moved to pitv, pcayed for the woman 
Aat God won\d gmnt to her what her 

heart desired, and she left thonrH. Aftpf 
a year hod passed, the woman returned 
with aa infmt ion in her arms, and said 
to the younjf hermit, "Heboid the child 
of thy prayers ! " And Hilarion blessed 
the child, and the name of the Lord, 
Thia ii the first miracle of this holy 
saint. Tbe life of St. Hilarion ie in 
the Ecdesiiist 'tml Ifistorjf of Nioephomt 
Callistus (died ia5U). 

8L Theodotiw prvmitn ason lo « harrtm 
VDomnn (\ t>. 423 52?). A woman who 
never had any but dead children, cast 
herself at the feet of St. Theodosius, and 
implored him to take pity on her, and 
said, if through his Intercession ehe 
brought forth a living? child, she would 
call aim Theodosius, in honour of the 
laint. Theodotitts prayed on her l»dialf, 
and the woman had the desire of her 
heart, and brought forth a son, and 
called hi8 name Theodosius. — Lcs Pe- 
tits Boilimduteg (7th edit. 1880), toL L 
p. 274. 

St. Peter Thomas obtains a child for o 
6amf» wotnan by prayer (died A.l>. 1366)* 
Far ees pri^res, St. Pierre Thomas obitint 

im fils \ un des seiiriieurs de la province 
d'Arcadie. — IjCS i'ctits Bollandistas (7th 
edit. 1880), Jan. 6. 

St. Simeon Stylitei o'jt^ 'n^ children for 
two queens (fifth century). St. Simeon 
obtint un fila k la reine' des Ismadliteo 

3ui «ftflit Htrrile ; et une fille k la reine 
es SarnuiiDs qui ^tait dans U mdme 
peine.— let MUb JhttamUrtu, roh u 
p. 144. 

8t. Poljfeuekm Makig dUU for Pmd 

andDem'^m (A.n. 137R). Patil ^^ f^'^ n noble 
and rich Armenian living at Mulitena. 
Their !;uk- crievance was that th^ had 
no ohild. 'l*hey had recourse to prayer, 
and, to make their pfayers more eflica- 
cious, implored the intercession of Poly- 
euctus. Their prayert beiqg now 
aeoepted, Polyeuotnt mid to then, 
"Courage, Paul ; (lod will - \ u .i Hon, 
and you shall call his name Eutbymius, to 
marie Uie aweetness of his disposition. 
From the day of his Ijlrth. the f^KTseoutiona 
of God's people on earth bHiiU entirely 
cease." And so it was, for the child waa 
bora at the death of Yalens, wh«i the 
forty years' per?»e<«ution of the Roman 
emperors ceased, and were never after- 
wards repeated.— Cyrillus, Life of tuiAy- 
mhu, (See Snrina, and tbe annotation» 
of Boluindat.) 



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BIBLTOMANCT. 



[Pr. I. 



Bibliomancy, Belomanoy, etc. 

NcMB. xxr*l 21. Eleuar Um jwicat aluU 
Mk rouMel iMm the JudgBMit «f Urfn btlwre 

Einc]nt.St. TheWfiftorRtbjIotiMloodat 

the parting of the way, at tli« head of two w.i\ n, 
to aae divination. H«* made bifl arroMH bri}(bt. 

IIoeRA iv. 12. My peupl*^ ask coutiH^l at 
tbdr •(odu, aiul their tuff decUretb unto 



/NftNofNM^ la «OMnlltac tto BtUa or aoma other 
b(M>k tn iliwuvar tbo lam of a tauum mmi. It is doM 

b) «>|«nlii( )«»>k At raiidiMu. arwl the flrtt nHMikg* 
your cy« ur fiinjrr lisjtiU on I4 thr rt'>i-<>ti««. If VIrgU U 
tiie bu<>k citiplorrd. the cunuiltati <i> li tutlnl "SurtM 
ViriUl^ilIP;" If liuiiirr. It U ••Sorti-, H.jiii. h iv " 

Balomanef U dirtuaUon by airuw^ A ttuJuiwr of arrov* 
mulnlMtailwiaiaihat «CMdlk««M«hii 
rtlMrt b MMuMarad Is ho tho tiw naponto. 



tetboirt 11 eoiuMarad Is ho tho trao naponto. Thta 

tnrtbud of dUlriktkHi waa eoaunotl with Ui« ChaJdMui*. 
AmlM. knd uth«r«. 

Kh.tMomanc'y or rlivlnaUon by rticks. Thraa itlckl. 
ot.._ ihvrit.^l V-v" tlir -.ilir-r "N-i." and Uia thirl 
wiU> iiw itfcrlptluD. beiiia pui Into a bM, ver« drawn I9 
hM. lfVflo''^«Mdnra.lhOMMNr«Hfai«nMa: & 
**ir«.*ll«iM Mln«oi«blo: tb*ihhtf itttk «MdfH«nu 
Um fatn raAmd to glv* aiijr aniver. Another pUui of 
eonmltlnit oik'i itick It «|ilaln«d by BaUhl Mom* 8am> 
••in. who Miv<. a itit k ti itrfppoil (rvm lop to botlum of 
li .It liA t...rk, njiil hurU>l (wb-« Intutbanlr: ifitfallitha 
tutt Uaw aiik ti)« i-acM (id* upi>enn(Mt, aitd the mcoimI 
ChMvMh tto iMh Mo npiMcnMai. It ti a good ilm: If 
ttoio iwwo.llia» had OBianttf.'»<'th*Mha>itbaailiad 

Tb a MciTHii 

TTbe lUTJi AN*. a trKie of South Arr(rA,dlrirt« bjr itlclu, 
au<> b) (litc, which Uiey carry mi a ilrap about th« 
By tho Ibrow of tbaaa itick* or the dlcr tbey 
th* future K»od or evU whidi awaUa tham. — 
LlchlBl>»tflii. TrarrU im .Saul A A/Hca. 

Tlie ancient UKaMA.VK uanl to cut olT th* branch of 
•oMir fruit Irrr. aiiil thoii divide It into teTcr^l piece*. 
n>c!i \ living niAfkrO With a irparale ctiaracter. The 
■liciu wrre then tua«rd Into ttie air, aud the palrrfainlliai 
rukd the fortuna of tite coitiultcr rrxMii their poUtuin. In 
■Mieb lh« mua» way a« a furtune-taUcr read* a parMO's 
tetuue by a pack of caidi. 

Jfr. lierrulje constittnl the Ptihlc to hnoio 
if lie shuiUd iivtrry. Mr. lierridi'e, writing 
to Uie counteM of HnntfaifaOB, says, 
** Eight or nine yeftra ago, havinjr be«n 
trricvounly tormented by my nonse- 
keefKT, I thought I would take a Jezf bcl 
to wife, but naulved to take advice of 
tb« Lora fint. 80, fUltng on my kiiMt 
with the liible in my hands, I prayed 
earnestly; then letting the liible drop, 
the tirHt vtri^e I li|^ted on was (2 Ksdms 
X. 1), 'When my lOB was entered into 
bis wedding chamtter he fell down, and 
di»Ml.' Not quite satisfieil, it ocfurrcd to 
me that thia verae was in the Apocrypha ; 
•o I fell on ny knees again, and p'mved 
the l/ord not to be nn^rry with nic if, fike 
Gidctmf I requested a second sign, and 
that from the canonical Scripture;). This 
time tlip verse lightc l on w.is {,W't. \vi. 
2), 'Thou shult iKii tiiLc Uicc a wiio, 
nnittier nhalt thou have sons and 
daughters in this place.' I was now 
folly aaiiafied, and have remained single.** 



— Life and l^anca of the Countess of Hunt' 

J/eraclius consulted thr lUftlc tut in hi$ 
I'crsian expedition. lleracliiis, in his 
war with Chosroes, king of Persia, con- 
sulted the Bible Urim, to aaoertain where 
he ahoold take up hu winter qaartcrs ; 
and his finder touched th.' word " lUycl* 
cum " (Kom. xv. 19).— M. Fieury. 



WMta vrWnc (hk laat ten fence, tha fancy eanM> lata 
my head to Iqr what Um "8urt«« aancturum " wuuld mf 
rT«r<«rUii( tbo patdiealfcNi of tiiU buok. mm! my Bnicer 
hnU:^ o« thawtPoidib "Ihko head Mw that jro (aU nut 
t.< uiii- Oaa It. Ihowaiaan fMtasM^ at 

aiiy rata. 

nermpoim (jhoen to Ckatinf. and lord 

Fathlnnd hij t'lC " Si.>rtcs Vin/Uvtiur." 
Certainly the most remarkable instances 
of biblioniancy on record are those 
recorded of Charles I. and lord Falkland, 
mentioned by Dr. Wellwood. While at 
Oxford, lord Falkland, to amuse the 
king, proposed to try what Virgil would 
tell them of their future destinies. The 
king, of course, tried first, and set his 
linger on the jEneid, bk. iv. vers. 881- 
893, the gist of which passage is, "CiTtt 
wars shall break out, whereby the king 
phall lose his life." Falkland tried to 
laughthematteroff, and said, "IwiUnoir 
show your majesty how ridiculously tb« 
*lot* will foretell my fate;" and so 
saying lie oj)ened the book and laid hie 
linger on Jineid, bk. xi. vers. 230-237, 
the lament of Evander for the untimdx 
dc^it}] of his son Pallas. In 1643 lord 
Falkland was shot through the body at 
the battle of Newbury, and Charb s, like 
Evander, lamented his untitiicly iknlh. 
Everj' one knows of the t i% il wars wi the 
reign of Charles 1., and how the king was 
brought to the acaffold, and waa bd« 
headed. 

'J'/u- emperor Gordianus fnV-j his lot 6jf 
the''*6ortcs Vir'jUiana,'* Gordianus, wha 
reigned only a few dayi, wishing to see 
what Vir^'il would sav resjiecting his 
future lot, opened the ji^iwid and laid bis 
Huger on bk. vi. ver. 869, Fate only 
showed him on the euth, but auJBEeied 
him not to tarry.*' 

TUi- t ihjH i ur S< rrrus tries his fittcby tha 
" Sjrtis 1 trgdtana," iieverua the Komao 
emperor, oonaulttn^ tiie **Sortee VirgiU- 
ana- " on his future destiny, lighted on 
AuneiJ^ bk. vi. ver. bol, " Forget not, 
O Komao, to rale thy people Ukeakiag.** 

Blindness miraculously ouired. 

Matt. XX. M. Behold, two blind MiHI 
SitllDf bj th« wayMo, when Ibcy li<-<iri| thai 
Jssas wsa pasaiug by, cr<edOBt, ssjiag. Have 



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BLINDNESS CURED. 



45 



mercy on lu, 0 Loid, Tbou Son of David. . . . 
Jesn* called them, and said. What will je that 
I do for jonl Tbry say to Htm, Lord, Uiat 
anrejw war be O^ned. So Jesus hail oouw 
■■■ipn «alMB. iBd KnmImiI their fyes: and 
hamentMf fhilr ^fM vmlvid vghi, and they 
f /.lowed Him. 

Mark viii. 22-25. At Bethulda they brin^ 
Jefun a blind man, aixl lK-«(iii(;ht Him to 
Utuch him. And Je«iw u>ok the hliitU nun by 
the harHj. and led him out of the town ; and 
wben lie hrt>l ^pil on hi« eye;* and put Hi* hnnds 
■pon him. ill' aitke<i the man if be saw ought. 
And the man answered, I »e« men aa treM, 
walking. After that Jesus put His bands 
a^iln oo tba aaa'a tjm, and aada Mm look 
op: and bla ilgbt ww ralond* •» tbat haatw 

MawTx. 4»-A Thii li tht CM* or Ulad 
Bartlm«iu. 

Acts is. IT. 18. Ananias, pnttln|i; bis hand* 
on .Saul. Bald to him. nn>i.>i*»r SahI, the I/OnI 
that appeared to thc<- in the w.iy h.ith ^ent me 
tbiit tbou mayrst rrc^'ivc thy »>lj;!it. Anil 
tmnwdlately tber« fell from his' eye« an it had 
bM Mb^ Md ht nedwd rf^ tethwith. 

A ittudmm aired by a pStfrimag* fo ih$ 

tomb of Anricolua (a.d. 680). A man 
named Salomon, a native of Touraine, 
«bo had been stone-blind for ten veani, 
was told in a dream to f(o to Uouioj^e, 
lo a place where he would find a monas- 
tery in honour of St. Marcellus. The 
▼oioe told him, if he prostrated himself 
titen at tomb of St. Agrieolna, whidi 
was in the abbey, he would receive his 
sight. Salomon obeyed the voice, and 
biul not made half the Journey wImd his 
Bi(;ht was in part recovered, and no sooner 
hiul he knelt at the tomb of the eaint 
thfin he t*a\v cvorylhinfj di.stinclly ; and 
he returned home without needing the aid 
ef • fpnde.— Bftillet, Legendary of Autwa ; 
History of CUSlnn. St. (jrecory of Tmus 
calls this saint Are^le (3 $yi.). 

A idind man aired by hathinij his eyes in 
waUr used by St. AmamUis for vashing 
ki$ bands (a.u. 594-1}^). When St. 
Amandus was on the point of leaving 
Gmoodt, m blind mnn offered him 
water la a InwIq to wash his bands. 
The bishop gnve directions for this water 
to be saved, and taken to the cathedral ; 
then, sendinfc for the blind mas, he said 
to him, *' My son, if you have faith 
moisten your eyes with this water in 
which Amandus the servant of God hath 
waahed hia handa. I am persuaded 
tbioaffh bia merrts yoo will reeeive your 
siKht. The blind man obeyed, and' the 
moment he touched his eyes with the 
water his sight was restored. The report 
of this miracle spread like wildlire ; but 
when search was made for the saint, h« 



was nowhere to be found, being far on 
bb way to the prorlnco of Bourltonnaia, 

to a place where now stands Villc de 
St. Amand. — Menjoulet (vicar-goneral 
of BajFonne), Satnt Amand Apdtre de* 

Basqties. (.Sec St, Mayeul, p. 4('.) 

The nme If nM of St. IhutiKtioU (frrPTith ceiitur)) In 
tbe /*ru/'r« de liouryn. A tlUod niari. «c itre toid. WM 
curad bx Um watcf in wfaigh St. PinJuioiltut had WMbad 
Ibis Imm^^Is ^^^^c^^bv^SuS^ ^^^^^^^^^5iSlS3i# ^^s^' ^F^le 49ps 
5^. Ausouiiis cures the blind h- iqar of 
Anawtimt (first and second centuries). 
A blind man, well known in Angoui^me, 
wherehe lived oncharity, was taken Ix-fore 
St. Ausonius ; and, throwing himself at 
thesabiVafeet, he said to him, "Ausonius, 
thou servant of the livingGod, I know that 
thy prayers will open mine eyes." " Bo 
it unto you," said Ausonius, " according 
to yonr faith ; " and iauncdiatdjr his eyes 
receiTed tiidr sight. As be waa very 
poor and almost naked, Ausonius gave 
him alms also. — Acta Sanctortun (LoUaiw 
diatfl), vol. V. May 22. 

St. Barnard, archhighop of Virnne, cures 
a blind man (a.d. 81U). One day a blind 
man said he wanted to sec St. Barnard. 
Those who heard him laughed at him, but 
he placed himself on the stairs of a chapel, 
saying, " If I can but touch him, I shull 
receive my sight and see him." At th\§ 
moment a ery of joy annoonecd the 
arrival of the snint, and the blind man 
Uirew himself at his feet. The archbishop, 
lifting his eyes to heaven, said to him, 
"Thy faith has given thee eight: give 
God thanks;" and immediately the bUnd 
man saw clearly.— 'Mgr. Depdry, Ui$Mt$ 
Haawlogiqns du Diooeae de lielley. 

St, Jfridyet and the blimd girl (a.d. 4M- 
523). A blintl uirl n.ntiu-d Daria came to 
St. Bridget, and prayed her to ^ivc sight 
to her blind eyeballs. St. Bridget said 
a benediction, and Daria received her 
sight. By the preaching of the saint 
D.'ina wa,«i converted, and tlu n entreated 
St. Bridget to restore ber blindness again, 
saying "the light of tbe body impedea 
the light of the soul." So St. Hri.lirct 
closed her eyes again in darkness, accord- 
ing to the request of the blind girL— Zsfl 
Pctds lioilandistcs, vol. ii. p. 184. 

St. Frodubert ijitvs sujht to his mother. 
When Frodobert was a mere child he 
cured his mother's blindness, as, in the 
fulness of love and pity, he kissed her 
darkened eye?, and signed ihem with the 
sign of the cross. Not only was lier 
sight restored, but the historian adds, 
"it was keener than ever." — I.upellus, 
Life of St. J-hxiobcrt (seventh century). 



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9l Omevtive resturcd skj/U to a icuman 
$lnuk bUnd (a.i>. 4*2»-612). One day a 
woman, oat of curionity, went to the cell 
of St. Genevibve to see how she passed 
her time there. No sooner did she j>ccp 
through tbe window tbao she wm struck 
withbUndMM. Her bliiHliMM iMted all 
Lent, when St. Gencvibve took pity on 
ber. made the si^ of the crosa upon her 
•jrcDalli, and immediately their sight 
wn»nntond.—Les I'ttits Holkimlittt$0th 
edit. 1880), vol. L p. 9tJ. 

la tlM WcMtd oC Ladjr OodK* «t Oovnttry, who r«d« 
IMllmd Ihrouitii tt>« town to mlUsiit« rvrxmiu irn|M«ti on 
tb* fi«oi>lr, « tAllor, iiMiKvl 'l<Hu. itriiriiiiijcil lo a 
parp At the Udf m the rude paM, but his curlintty wat 
pull Uh ad Iqr kaa of tixtit- It Aom not aiiiiw fruni ib« 
Mory tiiat " PMptncTan' mrracprand his siibt ickto. 

A. /oAn 0/ £j7ypt ewrw a WAmI nxmnon 
loilA Ao/.v 01/ (a.U. so.*) 391). The wife of 
a senator of Kgypt, baring lost ber sight, 
inowsantly h«r butbaiid to &ke 

her to St. J »hn, the Ei,'ytian hermit. The 
senator, who well know that the saint 
never admitted a woman into his sight, 
went to St. John and told him his errand. 
The saint gave the senator a little holy 
oil, and directed that the eyes of the lady 
•boald be anoioied tberewitb. This was 
done, and Ihe cure was iniUntineoM ud 
complele^IUUBntt^ Li9t§ cf tht Ihiktn, 
kk. iL 

St. Lemrmot cures a blind man. St. 
Lawrence, being on Mount Celion, in the 
bouse of Narctdsus, cured a blind man by 
making the sign of the cross. The house 
ti. Karcissas stood in the fish-mark^ and 
was a well-known place of resort wiUi all 
Chriiitians. 

Another itutance. When St. Lawrence 
was put in prison by Hippolitus, he 
found in the dungeon a fellow-prisoner, 
named Lucillus, who had losit his sight 
continaaUy weeping at the miaeiy of 
his long confinemenL St. Lawrenoe 
promised to restore his sight if he would 
Decome a Christian. Lucillus gladly miide 
tht promise, and St. Lawrence restored 
eight to tlie Mind eyeballs bj making on 
them the 9ign of the cross. When tliis 
miracle got noiaed abroadi many blind 
persons, both male and faawle, flocked 
to the jtrison, and St. Lawrence healed 
them. Hippolitus, seeing these miracu- 
lous cures, was himself oonTeitcd, and be 
with all his house, to tbe namber of nine- 
teen, were baptized. — Edwaid Kinesman 
(1G >3), Lives uf the Samts, pp. 699 f,i»^. 

(St. Lawrenoe is pat in Uieeanon of tiie 

n 



Mpl«e of iiMMjr aOnla tiiat do* mo 



[Pt.L 

fvouuiit it. M 8l A>almj«i^ 



8t. Lnd ;cr cures Bcrnlef of his bUndnest 
U.D. 809). While St. Ludger was in 
Kositeland, and was the gue»t of h noble 
lady, blind Bemlef was presented to hun. 
He was K^dtly like<i by the people, 
because he Hung to them sbout tbe com- 
bate of kings, or told them about tiic 

times gone liy. St. I-udger told Ikmlcf 
to m^t him on tbe morrow w a place 
which he mentioned ; and immediately 
the saint bbw the Mind man coming he 
dismounted from hia horse, heard his 
confession, made the sign uf tbe cross 
upon hia ejree, and asked him if he could 
see. The blind man saw tlmt the hands 

of the hi-^hop, then the treos and nnifs of 
the neighbouring cabins, then every tbiiy 
around him. Bemlef was a f te rw ai d a 
baptised, and used to sing to tlie pcopio 
the psalms of Dmvid.—Lcs I'ctUs Buiian- 
distes, vol. iv. 

£it. Maoarius gives sujht to a blind hyena. 
One of the strangest mi roc I e:* connected 
with blindness is that ascriU>d to St. 
Jiaoaiios of Alexandria (a.d. ^94). In 
Christian ait this saint is portrayed with 
an hyena and ita cub as bts companions. 
The story is as follows : — One day an 
hyena brought her cub to St. Lawieoei^ 
and laid it at his feet. Mocarius, aaton* 
ished at the act, examined the whelp, and 
found that it was blind. He touched the 

rwith hia finger, and immediately 
creature leeeivefi its sight. Next 
day the grateful dam brought a sh^p- 
skin to the hermit's cell as a frea-wiil 
offering, and Haoarins wore it ew after 
till the day of his death, when he t,'ave it 
to St. Meiania.— liitrmg-Gould, Litxs 0/ 
the Saints (Jan., p. M). 1877. 

SL Martin restores raulinua's eyesuj'tt. 
St. Martin cured Paulinus, over wbu^e 
eyes was grown a thick him, which not 
only deprived bim of sight, but also put 
him to great pain. St. Haitin merelr 
wiped the man's eyes with a napkin, and 
a perfect cure was instantly elfected. — 
Sulpicius Severus, 

St. Mayeui, althot uj Cluny, cures a blind 
man vcith the su/n of the cross (a.d. 906- 
994). One day as St. Mayeul was in 
Kotie-dame da Puy-en-Vc^jr, » blind 
man came and aaid, ** I have reetived a 
revelation from St. Peter, that I eiiaU 
lecover my sight, if I bathe mj ^jeewith 
tbe water in wliieh ronr booonr baa 
washed your hands." Tlie abbot severely 
reprimanded tbe man, and seat him away. 



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Finding on inquiry UmI the mna h&d been 
beicKioK senrantB to give him some of 
this wat«r, he Atrictly forbade their doing 
»u. The blioii man, not discouraged, 
waited patiently, watching on the road 
ti»e Abbot's jretura from Puy ; and, when 
Iw ouB* to MonUlow, towL hold of tbo 
horse's brl 111 , and swore not to le:l^ i 
without ubUiuio^ his demand. Sojui^ving, 
be poured water into a baain which hung 
on hi!« neck, and banded it tn the saint. 
The ublK)t dismounted, bit-sscU ihc water, 
and, dipping his fingers into the basin, 
made the sign o( theeroM on Uit«u|htles8 
eyes, and prayed fho ■* Mother of Mercy " 
to take jity the man. "All rif,'ht!" 
cried the man ; " 1 ean see plainly ! " 

Then go,** Mid the abbot, '*eBd thank 
thn Mother of Mercy who has vouch- 
safed to take pity on you." — Les Petitt 
BoUandtstcs, vol. v. p. 46B» (See p. 45.) 

lilindneu (lS4d) OMrvtf by a visit to St. 
Mtinrad't Sermita^. The following is 
a faitlifiil translation from Vac (irrtniin <>i 
the abbot tiaoeval : — Hy lather, Claud 
Alexis G«aeval, mefdumfc of Levier, chief 
city nf thn Clinton ia the • Denartement 
da X>oub9,' having exhausted all the 
iMourees of science and art to tSeet the 
cure of Frrinces Caroline, his younp;ej*t 
daughter, a^'ed three years, and stonc- 
blii^ for above a year, was taken by her 
father to the hermitage of Monrad, 
Hm but week «f March, inai. Thefkther, 
as a pilgrim, enteied the Chapel of the 
Virgin at fife o'cbtck in the morning, 
and besought the Virgin to take pity on 
his child. Instantly tlie child rrt t ivcd 
her sight, and her ^yas were ho beautilul 
as to attract a crowd of strangers. The 
child died in 1848. Thousands of persons 
who knew the merchant and his daughter 
ean attest this minu li , hui it will be 
•ttiBcient to giTe one natue only, that of 
Urn Grandeur Mooieigneur Caverct, bishop 
of St. Die."— Xm MkmdtHtt, voL 
i. p. 626. 

Btindtnets cured bt/ kissing the feet of St. 
Mclaniws's dead boj;/ (a.i>. 530). Wh«n 
the body of St. MelaniuH was carried in 
grand procession through Kcnnrfl, a woman 
irilio was stoQo-blind approached (he bier* 
■ad felling to tiie eerth hined the feet 

of the dcaiJ saint. Immediately her sight 
was reatort J, and she gave to the Churchy 
M a thank-oiTering, ell her heritage.— tiui 
Alexia Lobineau (acontemponuy),/ftWflWV 
ties ikurdes dc BreUujiu;, U24. 

Momiana^ mother of St. Saoerdoi, recovers 
Mr tukt at the death of her mm (a.». 7S0). 
MflMWtta) the mother of St* flioifdioi, hM 



been blind some vears before her soo'i 
deethf hot being told thet hie dead hodj 
was on the river Dordogne on its way to 

Cftlviac, she went to meet the mournful 

£ro> ( s^ion ; and God, wishing to testify 
lis love lor the deceased saint, restored 
her eiffht. Thai wm it thet St. Seeeidee 

raisedhis father to life to best4)w on him t'.e 
Viaticum ; and his tainted name r«j>tortid, 
at his foneral, sight to his bUod mother, 
*' Ilciircux le pfere, hi-iireusc la mbrc d'un 
tcl tils ! " — Pergot, Life of St, Sact:rUi/3, 
bishop tif Limijijcs. 

St. Odih restores a mAletmm** m which 
had been hwsked out (a.d. 969-1049). A 
branch r.f a tree, havin.: ■'truck a noble- 
man, knocked out his right eye. St. Odilo, 
abbot of Cluny, being eppbed to^ elfeeled 
a perfect and instantaneous cure by sign- 
ing the sign of the cross over the injured 
part. — Acta &Mcl(»imi, vol. i. Jea. L 

St, Flacidus cures a blind tnan. St. 
PUcidns, being in Capua, healed a blind 
uivi\) l>y making the VgneK th0«fMin|MMl 
lus sightless eyes. 

In Sicily he teetofcd sight to one who 
had been t lind for eight years. — Lanm* 
Uus Suriu^, Lives of aunts (l.'iTO). 

St. Thtcrry^ the son of a peasant, cures 
kiwj Thicrrtfy the SOn vf Clovm, of pttrttal 
bloulm&Jt {sixth century). The siinctity 
of St. Thierry reached the ears of the 
king, whoee name wee Thierry, one of 
the Tovr sons of Ctovis. The king, being 
nearly blind, ncnt for the ablx t, n civea 
him with great honour, and told him his 
only hope was in the prayers of the 
saint, and if they f lilcl him he must 
lose bis eyesight, ibe abbot fell proii- 
tiate to the earth and ^irayed ; tlitu, 
rising to his feet, signed, m the form of 
a croM^i, the eyes of the king with holy 
oil, i:i i!ir name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy (ihost ; whereepon 
the king ** re9iit en mime moment une 

narfaite gue^rison, rt recouvra cntibmn cnt 
ia viie." — Hilly (almoner of the abbey of 
St. Thierry). lAftofSt. Thterrtf. 

St. Thnrifjiits Cttres a blirul dumb mm. 
(second ccntur)*). Savina, the wife of 
Caianus, was a Christian, and disciple of 
St. Thuribios; but her hosbead, a de- 
voted partinm of the national religion, 
which was idolatry, confine 1 hrr in i 'ft 
of domestic prison, and used all bis in- 
fluence to drive St. Thtiriblns from Hans, 
where he was bishop. In punishment uf 
this offence, God struuk Caianus botli blind 
and dumb. He now released his wife, 
and got her to intercede with the bishop. 
Savina implored St. Thniifaine to cure 



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48 



her hualMind, and the bishop, ofTering 
pnycr on hi» behalf, obuincd the petition 
M dMivcd. When Calanus recovered hi« 
•peech and Ri(;ht, he requested tn be re- 
ceived inti) the. Christian Church, and wns 
duly baptized. — Let Petits JJollandtstes^ 
Tol. iv, p. 441. 

7'ru fiHivl mm cured by St. U>*-^ldii3 
(a.u. 10^4 -11 GO). A man who had b<><'n 
blind for four vcars, recoverc*! his pitcht 
by merely kiaswK the hand of St. Ubal- 
das. Annther, who had been blind for 
ten years, recovered his 8i;;ht by simply 
invoking the saint's name. — L*abbi^ 
Rvaekmr, Let SaiM* SAleaee, 

St. Valentine cures the blind dattrfhtrr of 
jud(je Asteriua (a.». 2fi8). St, Valentino 
wa« brought befi)re Asteriua, the Roman 

i'udgc, to be examined and punished for 
ercsy. When he entered the court he 
prayed aloud that Christ, the true Light, 
would give him light what to say. Siaid 
Aalerias, " What tt that yon tay ? How 
can Jesus Chris t* the ninkfactor, be the 
true Light ? *' ** He ia not only the true 
Light," answered Valentine^ ** bat the onl v 
Light that lighteth oyery one who cometK 
into the world." "If so," «aid the judj^e, 
*' let me see the proof, and I will believe. 
I have a daughter who has been blind 
«ver ainee abe traa two yeais old. If 
your Christ will give light to her eyes, 1 
will bolieve Him to be what you say He 
is." The damsel waa brooi^ht to St. 
Valentine, who put his hands on her 
eyes, and said, "(> Jesus Christ, who art 
the true Light, give light to this Thy 
handmaid." While be still spake, the 
eyes of the damsel were opened, and she 
saw plainly. A3t4?riHs, his wife, ami 
dau|diter threw themselves at the feet of 
the Bol^ man, and entreated to be le- 
ceiTed into the society of the faithful. 
Whereupon St. Valentine instructed them 
what to do, and iMptized A»teriua and all 
his house, conaisting of forty-six souls. — 
Les Petita Bollanctlstes, vol. ii. p. 511. 
St. ViryU, bishop of ^rVs, r ir.-s a 

Umd man (a.o* 610). A man who had 
bean blind for fifteen yean induced a 

•nbdeaoon, named Ful^ence, to conduct 
llim to the i>orch of the basilica of St. 
Stephen**. There,** aald ha, «< I shall 
be sure to find his reverence, when be 
comes from matins." When St. Virgil 
left the cburefat the blind man threw him- 
Mif on hia knees, and implored the bishop 
to intercede for him in prayer. The 
bishop, touched by this naive confidence, 
implored God to restore his siKht, and, 
nuuEhic tht 1^ of tfM efoii 00 tM man's 



IPt. I. 

eyes, their speculation returned, and ha 
saw pUinly. St. Virgil said to hin, 
"See yon tell no man;" but the man 
was too full of joy to remain silent, and 
ere the day was' over the whole city 
knew of the miraculous cure.— J/orfyro- 
oz/iy of Franoe, Rnitaitmi Augmented. 

In*Unen of the eurv of Mhtdneta hj jktlitM nr tb«tr 
relica are ao ntunorou la tts Atta Sumotmrmm, that tta«y 
loM all MM«t> 

Blindness ftoxn Birth miraeu- 
lously cured. 

JoRir tz. 1-98. Jesus mw a nun which was 
blind from hisblrtb. and He spat on the Rroiiud, 
and mode clay of the cplttle, and auuiiitf'd the 
eyes of the blind man with tho clay, and Mid to 
liini, (iti. wash In the p*hj1 of Silnain. S-t he 
w.Mit ami wttshod. nrid cam*' [back to .lofu*] 
seeing. The neigtilxHir^ and they which bad 
seen bim [before], said to bim. flow were tbine 
eyes 0|ieti«d? He answired, A man called 
JcfTus made clay, and anointed mine eyss, and 
»aid to me. Go to the pool of Sitoam, and wash i 
so I went, and 1 recehed my sii^t. Then thsj 
broucbt to the Pharisees hhn thai aforetime was 
blind, and the Phsrlsees asked bim how he had 
reoeived bis sight. He naid to rhrm. He pot 
clay upon mine eyes, and I wanh'tl. and do see. 
T1p\v .«.ay to th'^ man acaiii. What «ayest tboQ of 
Hini vk ho ofit'iied tliino fvcR? The man said. 
He Is a pri>]iln't. Then aiiJ they, ttlve God the 
praise. Wo know thin ui m U a "inner. The 
man answered, Whethor He be a dinner or not, 
I know not : one thing 1 d<i know, that wh< reas 
I waa blind, now I see. Then Kald they to bim 
again. What did He to thee? How opened He 
thine eyeM ? The man answered them. I hav* 
toM you already, wherefore woold ye bsar ii 
again? Will ye *« His disciples? Then tbcy 
reviled bfm and i«id. Thou art Hia disciple^ txit 
we are Moses' dbtcipl**. We Inww tnst Ood 
spake unlo Mown, but as for tlii« fellow, we 
know not from wtif^nce He i«. Th - man an- 
swcretl, Wliy, li'-n in i>i a niarvdloua thiiip; ye 
know not wbviu e \\v i\ and yet Ho hath opened 
mine eyes. Since tlic worM b<'jran it ba* not 
been heard that a ra-iti has opom^il the eye-« of 
one lx»m blind. If this man wf r.- u t of" God* 
He could do nothing [of the kind!. The 
Pharisees said, Tbou wast altogether bom in 
sins, and doei thou teach OS) Andthqrcsat 
bim oat [or exeommonlesled him]. 

St. Pantalt'on cures a iTvin thai tea§ 
bom biituU This miracle and the in* 
eidenta connected with it closely re- 
semble the case mentioned in the (inspel 
of St. John (ch. ix.). While St. Pan- 
taleon was talking with his father, a man 
vrho had been blind from birth entered 
the house. He had already spent largely 
upon physicians, but Imd received no 
benefit from them. Pantaleon said to 
the blind man, *' What will you f;ive me 
if your slirht is restored ? " "All that I 
have left," said the blind man. St. Pon- 
talcon iaid in reply, mm» of 



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jour substance to the poor, and I will 
ffiv e you si^ht, in the name of the Lord." 
Then touched he the eyes of the blind 
nan, calling on the name of Jesus ; and 
forthwith his eyes were opened, and his 
sight was perfect. The ptiysicwnt were 
ffTcaCly amazed, and askca the men who 
bad pvpn him sight. The man rcplicil, 
** i'antaleon." Thereupon the physicians, 
•at of malice, accused Peatsleoii of trea- 
son, for giving sight to an enemy of the 
emperor. Maximianos arrested the man 
who had been bom blind, and demanded 
of liini bow Pantaleon b«d carad him. 
The nrnn replied, **Ife eeHed on the 
Dame of Jesus, and touched mine eye»." 
" Who do you say cored ynu," demanded 
tliG emperor; ** fesealapi'us or Christ?" 
The man made answer, *' The i)hy!«ician« 
called nn flsculapius, but my si^ht was 
not restored ; St. Pantaleon oU led on the 
name of Jeeus, ead bow I see." The 
empe r or remerked, **If Hn fdlov hae re- 
ceived hisb'Hlily sijjht, ho must be blind 
in understanding to say such things." 
The man answered boldly, ** Surely &ey 
WUt be blind in understanding who can 
see thb miracle and not confess that 
Christ is God." " Dost thou reprove um, 
fyUowl" seid the emperor, m greet 
wnth. **Iieton, take fiim bcDee, eod 
nut him to inctant deatJi."- -Simf nn 
Jietaphrast^s (tenth centun'), ZiWji, etc. 

A. Mitur giice* tight to Linus, who 
torn blind (A.D. 512-584). 
nemed Linus, who was born blind, lived 
twelve years in tlie porch of St. Mjiur i 
(AgMmum)* 10 the Alpe. When he heard 
thm St. Hftur was about to enter the 
church, he crifd aloud, '* Thou ser^'ant 
of the living (jod, have mercy on me ! " 
fit. Maar stopped, and asked the man 
what he wanted of him. " That I may 
leeeive my sight," said the blind man. 
BL Hatir uen touched the sightless orbs, 
making as he did so the sign of the 
ooss, and immediately his eyes were 
opened. The man, overwhelmed with 
joy, followed St. Maur into the chnrch, 
and ehanted the holy service, which he 
had learned by hcnrt by living so long 
in the porch. Faustus, who tells this 
Story, assures us that he was told it bj 
the man himself, and adds that the man, 
from the time he received his sight, con- 
secrated himself to the service <if the 
altar, and survived to a venr advanced 
■ge. — Fanstus (one of St. Maur'a com- 
panions), Life of St. Maur. 
St. OdUo give* tigki to a man bom blind 
»C2-l0tt). St. Odilo, abbot of 



Cluny, gave sight to the son of one of hif 
tenaAs, blind from bis birth*— ;Jo(a fivw- 
tonunj vol. i. Jan. 1. 

Blindness from DemoitlMtl 
Possesaion cured. 

If arr. sH. Si Tbere wss brought to Jesas 
» man po««eMe<1 rrlth a devil, blind and dumb ; 
and He healed him. inffomnch that the bltiKt* 
dumb man both s|>ake and saw. 

St. Jlemi exorcises a blind man (A.n. 
449-515). St. Rcmi on one occasion was 
at Culninciacum, where was a man pos- 
sessed with an evil spirit which made nim 
blind. The saint prayed fSnrently, and, 
the evil spirit departintr, the man re- 
ceived his sight.— Edward Kinesman, 
Lktet of the 8ahU$ (Oet. 1). 

It vfll b« rammliOTrd that th« dMpl« (John ix. t\, 
wlMn thn biXMKtit m ccrt«ln blind mau to Jmm, Mk«4 
thto OMWow. " Wha eid afN, thk tmm or Um ptrmata, 
thatlM WM ftom bIMf- Tbay iwrtbai bUadn— Ip 

•In. and bII sin wu mppoaed to ba tnm Ik 
Hence lo cut i«t tUt ilrut. ur l» fo«slvS dli^ 
•Scctual cur« ol lU tmtMi c>Mua>ju«Dc«*. 



and Water ftom • 




Blood 
Wound. 

JoiiH xix. 34 

one ef «be soldUw with a 
side, sadtethwiih 

water. 

St. Cantf St. Cantian, and St. Can- 
tinnillay martifrs (a.i>. 290). Cant, Gen- 
tian, and Cantinnillii wen* the two sons 
and dauuhter of the race of Anicius, and 
near relatives of the emperor Osrin. 
They were put to death for being tJhris- 
tian« by the command of Diocletian and 
Maxiinian. When their heads were cut 
off by the executioners, the blood which 
flowed fnm them was the colour of milk. 
Mgr. Guc'rin adds,.'* On en voit encore Ics 
traces de nos jours, sur la pierrc placee 
an Ilea de leur martyr." Their Urea 
were written by John Chauvin ; and 
Pierre Ic Gcndre has composed an heroic 
poem in Latin, on their martyrdom, en- 
titled Cantias " (seventh century). The 
following is almost a literal translation 
ef tlM OMdnr vwM 



CbamploBi hf tb* haadman ■nltteo. 

Ovtr tlaath and h«U rktoctoot, 
Ood ro«r aaniM with mlnu ItiUJb witttSE 

Klti(l Mid prtcst*. cnthronnl ~ ' ~ 
All roor rombnCi nnw are eiiil(<d. 
Liiw the ijnuiu lakl. kll Utrir wrftth Mpendod. 

A ninarkuible combination of initial lattaci. Qint, 
Oullaa, OaaUaafllai Carin'* chUdran; AimoImw 
Cfeaaftaj sasUdl"Ctotlai;" OufaUaaa. 

MM fhwmi fnm Me neck of St. 

Cathrnru- (Nov. 25, A.r>. 310). St. 
Catherine was tied to a wheel, but the 
broke. She waa then he- 



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6C 



beaded: but init«ad of blood, ^lilk 
lowed from the woonil. After bcAeiid 

had fallen to the sword of the executioner, 
angels came and carried her body to 
Mount Sinai, where thev buried it.— 
Metaphisstte (died Hll), LiveSf etc. 

Muk instma of Mood Jlovs from tKa 
^'-■:'ini!s of S<\'>i!i!{in't (,\.l>. 2n7}. When 
ht. SecuodiD* was accused of magic on 
•eeovBt of Imt minelofi, the Toiees from 
hcavon which attested hor acci^ptJiJdcness 
with (iod, and the jxowcr of her pniyere, 
her {^iiariiH told her eilher to sacrifice to 
the gods of Rome, or to prepare herself 
for the Tenjjcance of tne law. She 
replied she would nut sacrifice to gods 
which were no Gods, and as lor prepara- 
tion, her Savioar had already prc|>arcd 
evcryt^iiti',' for her. Tlic guards rouiilily 
stripped h<T, tore her body in a moat 

fhastly manner, and finally eat off her 
ead. But what struck her persecutors 
was thi? : instead of blood gufhing fronn 
hfT wounds, II li [uor wliilc as milk and 
of an enchantini^ odour oozed gentlv 
from her body, diffiuinff dellekms eoof- 
nes-^ and medicinal balm. At len^rth 
tlic loud voice of an angel, audible toull, 
exclaimed, •* Come, beloved ! The Spirit 
and the Hride say, Come ! Receive the 
crown prepared for you from befi>re the 
foundation of the world ! **— Xm J*^tiii 
JMiandutet, vol. it. p. 247. 

Jfi/ft, ifuiead of bloody fhm from the 
tcmiuds of snren hoi'/ nonicn (a.u, 316), 
Seven women who followed St. UlaiHe 
after his cruel scourgingi were leized 
by the order of Agricola, governor of 
Giippadoci&, and, being tied to posts, were 
laeerated from head to foot with iron 
eomba. lUia, O puiaMuiee inflnie du 
Diea vtrantf** raatead of btood, milk 

flowed from their wounds, .-ind nn^cls 
came from heaven to coni<ole them and 
heal tlieir wounde, saying, " Fear not, 
but bear thw* murh for Clirist's sake. 
To those who overcome will He nivc 
crown.H of glory." Agricola, Hcoinghim- 
aelf foilcdi commanded the women to be 
cast Into a fierce fire, ** mais elles en fnrent 
rctincs p.ir la nmin du Tout-T'iii~>.i!U, 
■anseu avoir dtif attcintcs." The governor 
then ordere<i them to be beheaded, and 
they died [iraisinrr (Jod, who thought 
them worthy U> autfer death for His sake. 
PeHtB 3oUemdi$U§, vol. Ui. p. S28. 

A Bona of Him shall not be 
broken. 

riiAi.M xxxlr.iff,M. MaoiyaraaMaaicUoM 
if tba ricbuxNMi botflw Lmd^tenthUm 



out of t'icm mil. Ml- keepHli all liis boncA: not 
one <•! jbcni i.« broken. 

John xIx. 33 ;i«>. \Vb<-n the nohlierB rams 
to Jmus sud luw that li<' wa^ dmi alrewl^, 
tbev bimke not Ui» leg* : but our of ibe noldieni 
Wllh a epear pierced Hi* sid". and forthwith 
came tbere-oot Mood and water. These ttalna 
were done that theSerlptareSboaU bo talilM, 
A bone of Him shall not be brokSB. 

Dr. John Jshn. In ht« A rf W>'o«7ia HliUcn, p. SS, myx 
"When V%rr* aM not a |irti«|HVl Ui >t the t cilm* 
cnM.in«il woiilil <Uc on th« day u( > rucintl«»i, Uic mccu* 
Uonrn hMtonad tb« exUnrttoa of life bjr kindling a flr* 
untlar (be croM m> aa u> HifocaU V>mu vUh tiM nnoka ; 
or by MUng ktoM iipga Ibm «M bMM ( «r br ^"wklai 
thMr bona upon the cfOM vllb a vmUM ; or ay Immttag 
tbvin wllh a »ii«nr." 

Ill rrtf^trd to Ui« fftrnt thed" t..r -n} '. r 2"**. " In ordar 
to awrrloln wbrUicr Janu «>4 rFjUI,r <[nul, or hail ontjr 
talk II Into a twoon. a ktliUar thniat lila lanoi> Into Hu ikla 
|ui»ioaMcdl7 bit 1^ atda). U Cbrtat bail not been A'rcndr 
cI«m1. a tmuMl o( UbklaSvu«ldhavcpu<..B««'. toBM 
life, aa haa baaa ihown tnlb tqriba pbf^iciaii KicliaiinMh 
ail I In Oniiifr Tlir |iart plerofl w*« lh« /♦rtct •Uttta, 
h' licc the li|[.|ih m Iki Ii m C'<ni[uiii(i| tlic l>kiud ■tclico* 
bu'ti. tffjusfulM Mritif ilr Srrf 'f fTi' n->n ttryt 0iittlt^ 
r*rr rmrtuo (.iniiirr. i'Uttrta xi ilftUtf 
lit Jim Otratt morU prr\t, non fyn /Xicail^iH '^' 

The bows of the forty martyrs^ though 
beaten 61/ rruU/cta, vrrre not broken (a.i>. 
820). Agricola, governor of Leaser 
Armenia, baring exposed the forty 
martyrs quite nakiKl for threo days and 
three ni;rht8 on tlie ice of a fm/en pond, 
during the nevcro frosts of March, com- 
manded the victims to be beaten with 
mallets that their bones mi^ht l>« broken, 
and their death acceh ratcd. They were 
still alive when the otBcers drew ap the 
waggons to tiie edge of tiie pond, and 
when tliry ^aw the waggons they sang, in 
tlie words of the psalmist, " Our soul ia 
escaped aa a bird ont of the snare of the 
fi^wlers: the snare i?* broken, and we are 
<••«( aped, because our help is in the name 
uf the Lord" (cxxir. 7, 8). They were 
all placed in the WMgont except Melito, 
the youngest of them, wbo waa leea 
exhausted than the wnt. The mother of 
Melito was present, and when she 
obaerved that her son was left behind, 
she carried him herself to one of the 
waggons, saying, Go, go, my son, with 
your companions, that you may present 
yourself with them before the thioM of 
God." Their hones being beoteB wHb 
nia!li>ts, the virtims were cast into ^ 
tierce fire and burnt to cinders, after 
wbidi the asbea were collected together 
and thrown into the river. Bat " th* 
l^rd did wonderful tliinga : though 
beaten with mallets, their txmea were not 
broken ; thoogh their aahea were toesed 
into the river, they were not dispersed ; 
but the faithful were enabled to onllect 
them, and they are still preserved aa 
Mcred nliM.** St. Of^oij of Kvaea 



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Pt. T.J 



MTS, " There are bat few oonntries in the 
wnoie Christian univerm thnt do not 

K«s»«s« some of these precious aMhes." 
Fcaace, Paria, LyooH, Keims, Bourgcs, 
TidBse, «fee.t all poMni ioim of Hmv.— 
Vita Sanctorum. (11m Bemoir ig by 
lletaphrastis.) 

Book written Within and 
Withoiit. 

Rry. V. 1-4. I Mw In the right han'l of Him 
thmt 8.>t on the tlirnne a hook uritt'-n vtithin 
and H Ithout. . . &nd I nw a ntrong artget pro- 
ciaininic «IUi a load voice, Wbo to wocUgr to 
open tbe book? . And no bmui la bimn, 
nor In earth . . . waa aUa (o open tha book, 
nor to look thenmi. And I wept becanoe no 
man was foaod worthy to open and to read the 
bOi>k. . . . And one of the eld' m Mid to me. 
Weep not: brliuld. the I. ion nf thr tribe Of Jwia 
. . . bath prevailed to open the book. 

A ftooH vrHtfn inYAin and without 
hirtd(({ to St. I'.phrein {\.\k iiTK). An 
old man was in the spirit, and behold ! a 
eompnay of ant^Is descending from 
heaven, holding a book written within 
and without ; and they Baid among them- 
selves. To whom shall we present this 
book ? " One sugf^eited one person, and 
another another, as worthy to receive it. 
The anpels, having' (examined into the 
merita of the iiersons named, said with 
one voiee, ** It is true they are alt saints 
and servants of God, hut none of them 
is worthy to receive tlie book." Other 
names were then epolten of, but the 
angels cried with one accord, " The book 
mast be given to Ephrem only, the 
humble of heart." And to biin they 
handed it. The old man then hastened 
to the ehnreh wliere Ephrem was about 
to prearh, and when he heard him he 
aaid, "The words of his lips are those 
of the book, written by the band of the 
Holy Gbo8t."^t. Gregoiy of Nyasa, 
Panetjyrica. 

Bound hj the DeviL 

Ldkb xfll. 11-16. Tliere was a woman which 

ted a itpirlt of Infirmity elRlitoen yearf, and 
was bowed topfther, and con 11 in iio wise lift 
np hcr^If. When .Ii-«u^ Raw 1j«t, Hi' called 
her to Him. and «alii unto lirr, W oiiiaii. tbon 
art l(Mi««i| from tliirH- iiiliriiiitv; . . . uml iiii- 
mMiaK iy she w(c«i mode Blraight. [Wh- n the 
rult-r of tb - syn.igoguv expreaa«l his indigna- 
tion that this curt; was effected on a Mbbath 
day. Jesna aaidj, <Xight not this woman, 
whom Sataa hath booad. to, then olf^iaea 
yean, be loossd IhNB this bond on Oo ssbbalb 

St, £hn(Uu$y bi$kpp of .drrsao, ^6os«« a 
govtrmet'g son, bomd Sg th$ mriU The 



governor of .\pronianu3 went to St. 
Donatiis and St. Hilarian, and besought 
them to heal his son who was boond by 
the deviL The holy men commanded 
tim devil to depart ; and as he went out 
ho yelled with a loud shriek, Donntns 
tumeth me out of house and home ; " but 
immediately he was gone oat the young 
maaWM looked of hin inftrmlty, and his 
father received him perfectly restored. — 
Bcde, Church History (a.©* 784). Tb« 
acta of St. Donatus are mentioned in 
almost all Roman martyrologies. 

St. Ilitarinn tij"-<i's a rharlotccr, bound 6y 
the devil. There was at Gaza a charioteer 
bound by the devil, in sneb sort that 
only his tonji^ie was left free. Bcin:,' 
brought to St. Hilarion, he said to the 
man, '* Believe in the Lord Jesus, and He 
will loose thee of thy bonds." The man 
answered, "Sir, I believe that God ha* 
given thee power over unclean spirits, 
and to heal all manner of diseases." 
Then aaid Ritaiion, " My son, be it nnto 
thee evon m thou wilt ; " and immedi- 
ately he was made whole, both in mind 
and' body.— St. JerooM^ fUa Satidi 
Uilarionis (a.I>. 890). 

Bowed by Infirmities. (See 

LuKB xirl. luis. There was a woman wbldi 
had a spirit of faiflmlly cl^ileen jears. and was 
bowed tomtbrr. so that she could In no w Ise lift 
up beneif. When Je«us saw her. He wid to 
her. Womsn. thou art liKW'fl f-om thine In- 
fliniitv \n<l H>- lrtl<i Mis hiin'l<< on hSTt and 
imuiedlalely itlie was made straight. 

Siithmmdf bowed btf infirmity, cured bg 
St. Viil>-r>i (a.I>. Gl-i). IWilhmuMd, the 
son of illustrious parents, waa paralyMd 
from birth, so that he eould not stand 
iipri;,'h(. hut lii!< body \v;i-; bowed tofjether. 
1 lie partnH, having e.xhausted all medical 
skill without receiving any benefit, car- 
ried the child to LeuconanSi in I'icardy, 
where was a monastery presided over by 
St. Valcry, and earnestly implored the 
saint to take pitv on the child. St. 
Valery prayed, and then tailing the cbild 
by the hand, and strokin;:? it from head 
to foot, the body was made straight, and 
delivered to its' mother.— St. Attain* (a 
contemporary), .icta 0/ ^. Kafoy. 

Brasen Serpent. 

NoHa.aal.4-11. WhenthschOdrenoflsiaal 
eune to Bdom, they began to weary of thsw 
wandsrbifi^ and said to Mono, Wlw have Ton 
brought as up oot of Egypt to dio bore In tbo 
wlli i s m sm? Qod was angiy at tbeU* murmur- 
Ing, and int flsiy serpenu among the pooplOb 



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fit 



WOT BROUGHT HIM. 



IPr. I. 



vbUli bit miiny. and iiiaiiy rti- il. Si the pf^'pl« 
rrpcnted, aiid Implored M<is«'i« to iiit«-rct'do for 
tb^m. lf«)«)C!( did to, &iid <<<><1 said to binii 
Mate Vbft A brum iKTp<>nt, &nd raif tt on a 
pulf) in th« oigbt of All tht people, and nay unto 
tiiein, Wboevt-r louki upuii tae aetpenC aball 
Uf. Moaea did a* tlicLovdMiuaiiM} and 
it CUM U> paM, if * Ma Mttaa hf « wipeot 

10«lMd «tt tiM bTMM IMVMl* lb* Ul« WM CBKd, 

■BdtlMBiaaUTvd. 

Alexander tkt Qrtat and the burning 
eamUe. Alanate tiie Gzcai placed a 
baraiog candle \n tbe hall of his ndaee, 

and made proclamation by heralds 
throughout Macedonia, that any one 
guilty of treason should receive free 
panlon if he came into the hall boldly 
while the candle waa bummg, but those 
who feared to come, or neglected to do 
aO| •bottld mffer the eattrame pcnal^ of 
the law.** Ifanjr helieved the proehuna- 
tion, came, and went away free ; thev 
were courteoualy received, well treated, 
and went home penitent; but others 
feared or neglected to do bo, an.l suffered 
ignominious deaths. — Utita l^uiiHmonun^ 
xnri. 

AJSomancugtominmegu, ThaBomana 
liad an ancient custom, when a eity or 

eaatle was l)€f*ic(;e(J, of Iiurning a lighted 
cnndle, and a« long as the candle lasted 
they were willing to receiTe overtarea of 
t>eaoe ; but immediately the candle was 
burnt out, the time of j^race was over. — 
Otda JBomoaonan, savui. 

Aaaaten cMtonli li * ttoa for iitwUhm. sad 
toM^ active v% ffillaiii St tba eaptrMiloii of Hie Uam 
■•■ii- Thus. In U» rMcnt K«7|>ti«u Admiral 
Butaaar Ksiir« Ar»bl Uic t^iji iiaii rrbnl » lUUni Un>r 
witbin vtttch h« wtMiid uiAk* tem* vtUi bim ; AnM ilU 



mot ckBttolBte within tbm 
mtatkm latlMUy o|Mmed Sr* 

Moelan of Glencoe ( 1 Gn), William III. 
gave the Jacobites of Glencoe to the end 
of December, 161'2, to make their submis- 
aion, but those who failed to do so were 
to suffer the death of rebels and traitors. 
Ifaclan was pfere a ted by a heavy fall of 
snow from arrivio); itliin the appointed 
time, and Sir John Dalrymplc (the master 
of Stair) sent Captain Campbell to put the 
chief, with thirty j,'!cnnien, to death. 

Sir John U K'-iin'ralli bUnmt iot tbu wtnitr, b«t bi 
rvbclDoo, >rr < . n M«l War, no mmnfin tamt b* glrm, ao 
«tcaM f«r •Iteulirdienea nlKiuki bm admlUed. SappOM, In 
la* OM* of tb* braM HTpMit oM a( Iha wAvcn bad 
aW. ' Tb* bnara nnwot eipoMd to tb« lull mn to 
to danttnc that It «rou(d hllnd mr to look at It." hbi 
nctm would not h«»e rx»nij>(r<1 lum frtiro Uj* |i«naltr o( 
<li»iitvr<1k»iir» : nor «.iulil it lie mhenil«e If 1»« ha4 «ftld, 
1 xii.. t uiig ! i 1 K IhjI iil^bt c1«j«-J In and | r('\«nt«d 
ti. ' Mai>7 • CM* OMj apfwar baN. but tlx 



Brouicht Him. 
4mm Til. «4^t. 



of them would have 



Then came tbe otnceni to thf cbief priects and 
the I'harlaees, who said. Wby iu\e ye not 
brought Him ? The offlcera answered, f(ever 
man epake like this man. Then esld the 

Pbarlnees, Are ye also deceived f 

Poitot J<miciC» wfteodoU, The follow- 
ing is a manrellooa paralld, and haa ter 

merit of Ix'in^; historical. 

Pastor Jaenick related the following 
fact to a company assembled in tbe hoosa 
of Mr. Eisner. While Voltaire was in 
Berlin, a pious clergyman in one of the 
churches of thut city pr()te^ted strongly 
a^inst " that vioer, and enemy of all 
godlincsa." Frederick the Great, think* 
ing himself insiiltctl by this language, 
sent one of bin generals to arrest the 
clerg}'man, and lodge him in the state 
prison of Spandau. The general went 
accordingly, and said to the clergy-man, 
" What is it you said in your sermon to 
affront his majesty?' Whectapon tha 
good man spoke to tiia genarat with ao 
much fervour and power, that the officer 
returned to the king without executing 
theoider. When Fndcrick said, " Whv, 
general, how is it you arc back so soon 
the general replied, " I could not hurt a 
hair of that good man if it were to 
cost my life.'^ Whereupon tha king 
replied, Then wn back, and tall him not 
to meddle with Uic subject a^ain*** Next 
Sunday the clerg>'man again exhorted 
his congregation to bewaie of the leaven 
of unbelief, and the kin^' pent another of 
his gcneralii tu tuke the cuniuiuaciuus 
orator to Spandau, adding he was not to 
enter into oonvcrsation with him. Tha 
roads being bad, tniTelling was slow 
work, and the general expressed his 
regret at the ta^k imposed on him. On 
this hint the clerg>-man spoke eamesUy 
of Chript orucilicd, and the great danger of 
inditltrmce uud intidelity. The general 
was melted, he had no heart left him to 
carry out his commission, and when half- 
way to Spandau ordered tiia driver to 
turn the li' ^t ^ nod drive back to Berlin. 
HaviuK set down bis prisoner at his own 
door, the gcncial went to tha khig and 



said, " Your majesty may order me on 
any other service, but i cannot light 
against tiod. I would not, to save my 
life, hurt a hair of that good man. In 
fact, I could not if T would?*— Henderson, 
MemoriaU of John Venniiuj. 

Ihe captain of the yalicyt, tcUA a UMt- 
pany of $oldieru $ent to arrest Fttmol* of 
Paula, f(ill$ down ^fore him in rerrrrnce 

ia.o. 1416-1607). Ferdinand I., king of 
laid«, hM U, Wnmu ot FMdi. 



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THE BUDDING ROD, 



68 



that be lent one of his capUins, with « 
oompinjr of gnldiers, to arrant hini. This 
news ihrcw tin v. ii.>le city into conntcrna- 
tioai and the chief citizens vt Naples 
tmd to diiMUidt tiM ofllew tnm laying; 
liunds on lioly ft man. The capfuin 
^aid Di> hevd to this reinoiwtmoce, but 

Sroceeded to execate IIm king's order, 
t. Francis, in the Diean time, entered 
the cathedral as usual, and |tlii<-o(l hini^lf 
on his knees before the h'mh alLir. The 
captain and his band entei«d the church, 
iMit fUled to see th« ndat, bcemse God 
h-i:\ fi i. lf n:-(l him invisible. At length he 
crtine forward, and said to the captain, 
*' Whoro seek ye ? " The captain, instead 
of arresting the saint, fell nt his feet, and 
begged pardon for having imdertiikeu his 
cooiouH^iun. St. Francis raised him from 
the ground, and aaid, ** Ho and tall tlM 
king tlial uidcn ho, ttio queen, aod tiho 
p. inoe.s amend their lives, the veagtOIMO 
of (ind will fall upon their bouse. Tbt 
message being reported to the court, the 
kinp WBsi alarmed, and ceased from all 
further persecution. — Father Giry, ActM 

Bnddinir Bod. 

Numb. xvil. When the election of a Imk-H 
prl«t waa mau)o, tl)e t* eire tribes tiKjk uatL a 

ADil <_t<Al !>«i<i UiK ol Hm cii>>ice should be 
Indioit'il by Ww budding of thr- nxl whi<h bore 
bU tianit>. WImtq Aarun «a8 cbosen bigb 
priest ttie twelve tribes took twelve rods, and 
the tribe «f Levi wrote on tiielr rod tlM aaaie of 
Asraa.aai Ibis was tbe rod «bidibudM; m 
JUron was appofntH high priest. 

The Firam J/or^ j^iora to Joseph by th« 
hi o f Vuf BiMmg red. Whoa Mary was 

of TiTnrriageable age, the youn^' men of 
Judah, who were of Uie lineage of David, 
took eacii a md, and deposited them in 
the temple, with the understanding:;: that 
he was to have her to wife whose rod 
budded. The rod of Joseph budded, and 
Mary bceauie his espoused wife.— £dward 
Klaooman (1623), Lives ofth» AaMf, p. 
191. 

The stick of St. Deaiderrus throtrs out 
have* (a.d. i'5H). The bishop of Un- 
gres bein^; de.ad, tlie Chur *h nssendiU <1 in 
the orat<»r>- of St. .I«'!in the I",van|,'elist to 
select a Kuceessor, aiu! liod told them He 
hod chosen Dogiderius lor that high 
office. No taeh pmon was known to 
any of them, and tin v nt to Rome for 
information. As the deputation were 
returaing borne, iliey saw near G^wva a 
labourer named De>iderius, ilri\ inir n cnrt. 
and abked him to come and spuak to 



them. When be dismounted, he stuck 
his stick into the ground; but judpe of 
their nninyenu iit when they sa^^ tin- (i k 
shoot forth leaves and blossoms in great 
abandaaeo. It wat onoaeh. Tbo lin 
tvas indispntablc, and IVsiderinH tno 
labourer was elected bishop of Langrea* 
-l/abbtf Maadia, SamU 4$ la Stmti 

St. Orens nccepUrd the bishopric of Ahc-A, 
fM i itUM- Aus .«<.c7. hndJul ( fifth cent u ry ) . St. 
Onms, a soUtai>' living in the deft of a 
Totk, was cboMn biahop of Audi. When 
the depulJition waited on htm he declined 
the honour, and, taking up his staflf, wax 
alxHif to leave the cai'e, but his staff rooted 
iuelf in the solid rock, and threw out 
leaves and branches. SL Orens, con- 
sidfring this miracle an undeniable indi- 
cation of tbe will of God, wont with (ht 
deputntinn, and no sooner did be Ml to&i 

id tlif I tlnui (ill the Hick win' in- 

stauliy reHtoreU to health, no matter with 
what malady they were aiHicted. Hit 
biographer remarks, "ce second niTrnrle 
acheva de lui gagner les cwurs." — Mon- 
tetan, HUtmn de Qtuoogm, 

Amaud Oolanlw UUi m that a< daafli a wto htm 

fa«a««ii/ald to him. "Urto*, Ja t'aecvrda toot oeque U 

tw dfntniidM en f«»*ur ie r«"a« c[\ii w m-aiimuin'iTonl 
k ti>r. lr*>tt>eU InviiquniitJi ton .fonKira rn too <~ nr- 
finuitdm, lilbukUiofn d'ofirtt, ii«>»wlUi. at co 
tcront Mlms. •! M ■mhvotdbI Jmali d« blraa icm* 
porsli M Imr hmetakT—b^ <§m OtvHnci sr. Otwm, 

St. Paid chosen Inshop of 2'rms-Chd~ 
teaux by the buddinq of a dry stick (fiffll 
century). Paul of Helms, in Champafrne, 
was the son of poor Christian parents, 
and followed a^'ricultural pur.-iiiit.s. As 
he was ploughing one day, a deputation 
fhom Troit-Gbateauc presented fhein* 
Htlves bt'foro him and asked hi.H name. 
"I urn called Paul," he replied. "Then 
you are the |»er-K>n we seek," Baid tJie 
depnfeitioo. *• The Church at Trois- 
Chateaux has chosen you for their 
bishop." "Chosen me for a bishop?" 
eaclaimed Paul. " Get away with you : I 
certainly am not liio Paul yon an teek- 
inj; fi>r. You sec I am otiIv a common 
labourer." "We sec," said the deputa- 
tion, *'tbat yoa aia a plonprhman; but 
Amos of Tekoa, the prophet, was a 
herdsman, and St. I'etcr, tbe prince of the 
apostles, WAS but a tisherman. God is nc 
respecter of penona, Mid yoa, Paul, are 
tiie person chosen to be our biahop." 
Paul could not I f ;i rsiiaded that some 
mistake had not been made, and, picking 
up a dry stick, thrust it into the grounoT 
snvir^,' *' When this dry stick buds and 
uringfi forth flowers I will believe yoa, 



Digitized by Google 



THE BUKXING BUSH. 



and not tlN Uiea." Wb*t, however, was 
ulmiialiinent when he beheld the 

btick covered M-itli leaves and flowers. 
The dejiuLation wa.s ovurjoyed. They 
saw at once that God Himi>clt cutilirnied 
their choice, and Paul could no loni|^er 
refuse to follow them. — L'ablMi ^athilf 
Mtgiojfra^MG HMarg of ValeM, 

An annual fMttvmi b kept Id Ttvla-fliiteau on FMl 1. 
In ru<iiii>«MMrmtlaa of Um buddji^j 



Witt) ribboiut, l« 
ptucunloii. 

TtM rmAtr, oT cobtm. wfU ba rilnfcil not onlr «( 
▲miM of Tckoa. Ih* kardwMtn. bat of dnannMot. la 
ItoiiiM 11017. raited fruut tli« ptouitii to be dktAior of 
ftntne. TliC tale of Abdulonyniui ttte ganlener i* nut 
•uite M fanillUr Uji ihute wtw tmf rMdOnteMiOictliM 
(if. ch. t.) will niu.'iutirr ttMAtanndiraiaa lUi poor 
Mn 10 be king o( liMkMi. 

oven mrf of iX. Homortt wtne 

becomes a innl^/crr:/ tree (scventli cetituryj. 
When the nurse uf bt. Uonore heard that 
he was made • biehop, she wu puttiog 
bread into an oven, and stood stupcded 
with amuzeiuent. ** I don't believe it— I 
don't believe it!" she exclaimed, and 
sticking the peel, which she held in her 
hand, into the ground, she added, ** When 
that takes root, 1 will believe my boy 
is made a bishop." No aooner hiid she 
•pokctt, timn the peel became a mulberry 
tree, full of leaves and fruit. In refer- 
ence to this miracle," St. Ilonore is 
t ep r e ee nted in Chriethui art with a peel, 
and hence the chyme— 



iMckuaOs 

A*ec M paiM 

E-it honnr*. 

— L'abbd Corblet, Origine du Fatromige 
l^tunfiipte de» Bei$l«mgen. 

All v>i -1 if' 11 inoiitmit cliriirc ro iiirtrlcr iLaiK 
Awcicn loKis pateruel du Mtiil (^vt,-<^ii<; — L'aUlM) Corblet. 

Pope UrhmCe huddiwj stiff and Tattn- 
hatiser. The followinf.; is only a tale, but 
it is of the nature of a legend. The ntter 
Tannhftusen was a (iernmn knight, who 
Won llic lo\ e of l.i'^aiira, a Muntiian lady, 
iiilario ilie piiilosnphcr otlcii ci«nver.-ed 
with him on sui^ernatural subjtcts, and 

Eroroised that Ycdus herself should be 
if mistress if he liad ootiraf^e enough to 
enter VonuslKTjL;. Taniiliiiu-^cr bad no 
lack of courage, and accordingly started 
off at once on the mysterious' journey. 
Li>tuira being told thereof, killed herself. 
At Vcnusber^ the ritt^'r ^ave full swing 
to pleasure ; but after a time returned to 
Hantna, and made his confession to pope 
Urban. His holiness said to him, " Man, 
you can no more liojie for pardon than 1 
can expect this stall: to ptit forth buds," 
80 Tannblttser fled In ocspair to Y enna- 



[Pt. I. 

berg again. Meanwhile the pope's staff 
actually did bud, and Urban sent In all 

directions for the rifter, but to no pur- 
pose. He was nowhere to be found, and 
never again showed his feea on thia 

earth. — Tieck, J'/tnntasus. 

TbU title u ail iillcgor7. deslxned to ihow tlic boundleM 
mactgr of <M— " All aMwner «f aia and 



be ftirslmi onto men tea, ereD If they haw 
pleitwrv in the ritjr of Venii^berv. T«nnhaua«r is the 
penltenL, wlkoi« ttpt(er cuiivirooii i\ rUt kixl by tlie wnit 
wlikli tpring up with the itu<><1 p«<<<l. lie naiu pleasure 
a Mwwn, bui SimIIiik hii> njililea rviwnt^iicf a matler 
o( Mwpicion. tall* back a«aln into tiie w<irld. Urhan i«a 
waralas •» mlatatm mm Io «••■«• Oad'a MMm tot* 
and wmy hf the Snfte Mopa df iMr «ni jatgmmtt, 
Furtiear to Judicc ; leare tliat to God. 

A dead elm, touc/ied by the hkt 9f St, 
Z'tnobi, bwrata into ftdl foliaife (a.D. 407). 
The bier of St. Zanobi happened, in fwiss- 
ing, to touch an cliu tree, de:id and 
witiiered to the roots from old age. The 
moment it did so the whole tree burst 
into leaf, and was covered with flowers. 
This tree was looked on by the i>eople 
with such reverence, that every one 
coveted a picca as a charmed relic, and 
the tree ore long was wholly rut away. 
A marble pillar was then erected on the 
spot, with an inscription stating what 
has been said above. When the bier 
reached the doorway of St. Saviour's 
Cathedral, it (the bier) became immov- 
able, and DO power of roan could forca 
it farther on, till bishop Andrew promised 
to f uinil twelve chaplains to chant the 
praises of God in the chapel designed for 
the dead saint. — .lohn Tortel (archprieet 
of Arezzo), Life of S(. Zin<>-'>i {14;;;{). 

ThU wei(titliis o( oilBiiA, iiilUn. Uraiu*. and id on. la 
ao commoii. and apfieirentlx to (eiueie^. that evrii M,.t. 
UuArin. dMplnlii tu pope LeoXlll.. buruck wiUi it ; and 
In apolocr aa}*, "Sutre Intrntion n'ett ptti d'iMSOTW 
Une erojrmnpe areusla en (avrur de tel tel de cm fitUu 
tn purticulier, tiiui» lU- ri-ii».>irr A rii]«t<r|re do ta tr»n»la- 
tl'iri •!< <ii>i>r I'lil, iiic^iii \a TtiauiiKitur/c de liotTe »i'i>^ue. 
Un J lerni. qu cii pleitt i t. titxia. t'caC opM )iliMi''U«» 
fuiib an prAwnce <ie niUlion de uoMlaa W mumit 4tf 
rimmoHlUi' (Tbti wa« In IS09.) 

Burning Bush. 

KxoD. HI. 1-6. Now Moms kept the flodcef 
Jeihro his fiitlter-ln-Uw. priest olMUlsa: and 
he led the Hock to the biudc of the desert, and 
came to the mountain ot liod, even to Horeb. 
Artd the ».ngv\ uf the lA)r<l appearoti to biiu In 
n flame of tire out of tlie uu<tst o: a bu»b : «ik1 
lie lo<jki'd, and, h»>liold, tlie bu»h I'unied wlllj 
tiro, a'l I Uic Im-b was not consuiu'ij. And 
MuN*'^ •iaiil, 1 v^ill now turn a^sid«?. aii<i i*ee tlii-i 
great Mvciii, uiiy itie Lufli is not burnt. And 
whe:; the L'lrd saw thai lie turm-U a-lil > to 
fJo.1 called unto hiui out ol the uiid-t of the 
buHli. and nAid, Mum k, Muses. And be aakL 
Herp am I. And the Lord Maid, Draw not nigh 
hither : put off tby abuee fiom off Uij fMt, nir 
tbe place whereon tboa nfsndBSt Is holy noDod. 
And Meess hid his fset i far he «m eJMd la 



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Pr.l.] 



CAMBLS* HAIR RAIMENT. 



A Immina church not injartd by the fire 
(a.d. 1230). A great fire broke out in 
Colof^ne, which burnt down manyhousefl. 
St. llermaDn went to render assistancw, 
and saw a church, wholly enveloped in 
flMnee on tvery side, yet not injured in 
tiie IwBt. While (rnzin^ At this itntnge 
s|."rtu<:li'. Ii'! (jli-i Tvr.l the Lord Jesus 
Busjjended on His cross oa the roof of 
the church ; and immediately perceived 
th;it ihc flames had forborne U) injure the 
iocrcd edilice, out of rcsjxjct to the sacred 
poMiun and crucifixion of the Lord. In 
fact| the datnea diint not toadi the build- 
ing wbidi WM tfrai prote^ed. This 
conviction was confirmed, on notioinj^ 
tliat the cross multipUiid itself, iu order 
to protect those parts of the church which 
the flames from time to time threatened 
most. This uiarveilou^ si^ht filled his 
•oul with this sacred reflection : The best 
way of kocpinff the heart from being eon- 
•umed by earuly passions is to impress 
on the memory the imu^o of Christ 
craci^ed. — Life of h't. llerimmn (Boll»n- 
di«ts), April 7. 

The burnin / t/'iorn-btish in the suburbs 
cf CaaUjm (March 24, A.u. 140U). March 
1400, a shepherd on the farm of Sainte 
Marie, and another from Gourtisol, near 
Chalons-Bur-Mame, while keeping sheep 
not far from the chiipcl of St. John the 
Baptijitj observed, at a little distance 
from where tiiey stood, a brilliant light 
in fhf mir!:5t of a great tborn-hush. The 
sheep la alarm na away ; the lambs ouly 
Tentored toapproech the bu^h ! I Curious 
to know the cause of this extraordinary 
li^bt, the>two shepherds wne drawing 
D'-Jir, when they were so duz/.led by the 
light that they swooned, and were a long 
time before tiiey came to themselves. 
When did so, they found the cause 
of this brilliant light was an image of 
the Virgin Mary holding her Son in her 
arm:* 1 1 Tlie light grew stronger after 
sunset, and crowds ran to see it from all 
the ncighbourhriod ; and, a.^ the place is 
elevated, the burning buih was seen for 
ten leagues mind. When the pheoo* 
menoneeasr I. tin loihop of Chiiluns, at 
the head of hia whole chapter, the neigh- 
bouring clergy, and an enormous crowd 
of the inhfibitjints, went in prnre-'sion to 
the bush, and found it covered with green 
leaves, notwithstandiug the fliuiies which 
had been seen in the midst ol it. The 
image was still in the bush, «nd was 
carried with reverence to the chapel of 
fit. John the Baptist. 

Hm imam >• abMUm iiMta la Mtkt. of m$ Mwtti. 



tat«r«b)jr niudeUeil. anil (iftlntcd UutMigbout. In Um B*> 
WMIOII it waa placed undar tba ear* H Um eotS 4* 
PBpta*. and therefor* oMaped d«maUUoa Tba buab wwt 
ent down to iHve plana to Irio ctiurirh. and lio oii« krimr* 
Ihe exiuil where It •ts^xl, but ltl> wppoKMl to l^r* 
tjt^ffii wUrrc ihx lUter It iil4C<:>l. — Mitr. 0>*rin i<-li:imt>er- 
lahi uf Leo A yi»i> d*' .S<iinr< (Hh edit. 188<J). Jb< 
truU d'un« m«tU« tur .Vufre- />a»t« (1« [iif>it**ttj Ut* 
curi of Um plaoiL 



Notre- Dama de* MiraokM 
(a.d. 507). One dark night Tbeode- 

child*?, daughter of Clovis, noticed in 
Montselid' forest a brilliant light, which 
shone among the treen, but injured them 
not. The night following it appeared 
again, (i reatly astooitihcd at this strange 
phenomenon, she went to the spot, and 
found, in the very centre of the light, a 
wooden image, as black as conl, represent- 
ing the Madonna and her Infant. Theo- 
dechilde at once commanded a chapel to 
be built on the spot, and there she de- 
posited the image. So numerous were 
the miracles whicli proceeded therefrom, 
that a town, named Mauriac, sprang up 
in the vicinity, and the chapel was called 
" Notre-Dame dcs Miracles." The mi- 
racle'* were for the most part the or- 
dinary one«, of sight to the blind, hearing 
to the deaf, speech to the dnmb, casting 
out dcvil^. mill ruririL: i-Mralytics ; but the 
following IS le-is i iMiimon. One rooming 
two men, in strange costume, were found 
at the eliaj>ol doors, fii<!t a.sleep. On 
waking, they were evidently nu/.zlcd to 
make out where tliey were, and how they 
got there. Their tale was that they 
were two slaves from Spain, who pray^ 
to Notre-Dame des ^liracles to deliver 
theia, and while tliey slept, the Virgin 
must hax'e carried them from their i)ri.soa 
in Spain, and deposited them in Mauriac, 
w^jerc they were found. *' Tel est le fait 
racont^ dans I'office mcme (i.e. Propre de 
at, I^Qur)^ et que confirroent les chatnes 
subsistantes qu*on porte en procession 
devant la statue mir i .Ion . ." Mgr. 
Gu(irin, Vie* ties Sainti (7iii edtU I»8b;, 
▼ol. r. p. 484. 

Tto «*«h«lM" onrM la fiecMleacw Imi 
amtloB«r dilttttu«i»tilik««aHiie Uaa Uwi 
1 la tto«M«MiiM <telr li a snsr iMoMit 



Oftmeln^ Hair Bainsnt. 

MAfT. 111. 4. John the n.\i.ti*t w ai the wn ot 
pr.iy- r. Si. Lake aiy» tlutt /.*. imrliiH and bis 
wiif> Kll^abelb were h)\U ri;^lit< uus iw^fon? Clod, 
walking )n nil the ' oiiini .mlin' iiia aii«1 ortll- 
natui'ft of III"' L.ird liliiiu- I' -w . Iml thoy had no 
child, t>txuusc> hli^bt-iti «a» tmrren, and they 
were lojili well («trlclceD in y<>ar<. Om- day, as 
Zachari i^ px«ctttitig ht^ official diitii-s, an 
angel app.'ur< U 10 hitu vid aaid. Koar not, 
Zscbaiiaa : fur thy prs^cr h besnl ; and thy » XQt 



Digitized by Google 



call his name John. And thou sh ill have Joy 
*nd |i;ladne«o ; and Diunv xliall n jolce ut hid 
birth, for he Khali be gn at in the iiiRht of the 
Lord. — TbU Mine John came nrfacliiiig in the 
wlMcfneM of JudM, and bad bit niment «f 
oiflHrs bair, and • iMtbera gfrdl* about bli 

WM locMM aad wild 



CAULDROW INNOrrOUS. [Pt. I. 

valknt throiuh Are, tboa Oalt ool be Inmicdt 



Baron d« Tott tall* ni that the Tu-tnn to thr firr'^nt 
dar com tMr ««odan but* *IUi • ctnne cloth nuMl« 
«r fMMn M ltt-^mmtln^fL IL p. M. 8lr J. Chanllii 

iiuml'i hair, firt aboot the loin* with a lealhrr girdle, 
•nil that (Mnvrlmoi thrj (miI on loriuiii. vh'rfa John th« 
IVapUd miuic hii uoial t»rr — Notf on I .Sjim xir. i. 

l'ri'>u<M> thi' "i;lii<-. i>r li ur »tiirt »>irii lij' the 
mIiiU, wa* iiiorc ur ]«•■ in Imiintloii of ttis liai>ti>t. but 
It BiMt to toriM la uliid that raiai«ite made of coata' or 
hanM' halt mtn not uncorrunoa ainoitc tba Utbrrn, and 
bad ao rafanaea whatever tu pciunre. 

8t, Oenulphf like John the B4g4i$t, wu 
tt^$mof praffer^ and had kii raimtnt cf 

eameVt hair (third cpntiin')- Genitus Rod 
hi* wife AcUa were both pious Christians, 
who walked in all the corumandmpnts 
and ordinances of Christ blnmelens ; but 
they had no child, because Aclia was 
barren, and they were l)oth well stricken 
in yean. One'day, baviiig pmvcd with 
nore than luaal earneatneM that God 
would vouchsafe to them a son, a 
voice aaid to them, " Fear not : for yotir 
pfBjren are heard ; and Aclia shall bear a 
son. and ye shnll call liis name Ceniilph. 
And ye shall have joy and gladness in 
him ; yen, and many shall fsjoice in his 
birth, for he shall be mat in the sight 
of the Lord.** In due nme the ehild was 
bom, and at the age of five years was 
given to St. Sixtus, to be broaght up in 
the fear and admonition of &e Lord. 
This same Genulph, like .John the Rap- 
bad his miment of camel's hair, 
which he wore always, except when he 
celebrated the " Holy Mysteries," on 
which solemn occa.Hions he arrayed him- 
self in the lincst liru n .imJ most co-tly 
robes, brilliant with gold and precious 
•tones. In the tertitory of Gadnvd (Cb- 
hors) he jircnrhed the Word, and ex- 
horted all men to repentance and faith. 
The fame of bis saaeti^drew many unto 
himi and he performed many miracles in 
tlia name of Jesus Chriiit. — l^>llaudus, 

Oauldron Znnoonoua. (SceFus 

I.NN0C1701'S.) 

Hkb- xi. 33-54. Tli<- t iTir \snnld fill mc to 
tcU of tboae wbo thr nigi) i..ith -I<jj>|>4-(1 the 
I «f UoQi^ qarncbed tb« vioUuce mT Ibe, 
t the edfs ef the ewei4 ao4 eat of 
■strsmadsst f eog. 
laa. zQH. t. When tboa psmsil through 
water, I will be witli tbee; andtbnmgh rtveis, 
the/ shall noi overflow thse. When thon 



St. Bonifaee, nfUr nnmerou* tortwres, ts 
ordered to be throtem into boiiimf pitch, but 
eeeapee rnnAwrt (fourth centurv). The 
empf-nir Diocletian appointed iiimnlicias 
to statu p out Christianity in CUicia. 
AmoiiL'st many others, St. Bonifhce was 
brought under his jurisdiction. lie wnn 
first hung with his head downward.*, and 
his flesh t^>m from his bones by Iron 
hooks ; in bis horrible tortnre he cttersd 
not a groan. He was then taken down, 
fttui, after an hour's n-fpife, sharp !<pike9 
were driven up his nails; but still he 
suffered in silence. The 
tated !>evnnd measure at this apparent 
insensibility, nc)W ordered hie myrmidons 
to force his month open, and pour into i| 
hot molten lead. At this the crowd be- 
came so furious, that they took up stxmes 
to tlirow at the governor, who fled for 
his life. Next day Siroplicios again 
took his teak on the tribunal, and com- 
manded the saint to be thrown liead fore- 
most into a cauldron of boiling pitch. 
St. Boniface made the sign of Uie erodik 
the cauldron broke into fragments, ana 
the boiling pitch burnt terribly the exe- 
cutioners, but never touched the saint 
at all. Simplicitts, out of patience, theft 
ordered the saint's bead to be ent off. 
As this was done the carfh onalced, and 
all present thought the woria Was come 
to an end.— y4cfa <SEnie<onmi(BoUandlste), 
vol. ii. May M. 

ArchliUiiop Alio (ire* a dlfTrreni Tcnlnn of th« faul 
tacMaat. Ha Mwt UaM 8ta>p:iciaj caar>d tha m irtrrl 
haid I* balMldlaacaaUraa tea of atMhiiig pltrh. 

■iiiini!w.S'i^tt'iriiT?i!^ii?? •yr wMtiiwd iw iMnr 



■'>t. Cicilia cTfK'srd in a drij cautdi'on 
»et uver a hme Jirc. and uet unhurt» After 
the martyrdom of her husband Valerian, 

the Homan governor Almachius com- 
manded his otficert to place St. Cecilia 
inadr>' (-.-uililron, and place the cauldron 
over a fierce lire, till his victim waf^ dried 
to a cinder. St. Cecilia was in the 
cauldron a day and a ni<;ht, yet *' felt no 
woe yea, she declared afterwards, that 
she found her dry bath "delightfully 
r( f ro^liinir." An fxccutioner then came 
with orders to cut olF her head. Thret 
times he cut across her neck with his 
sword, but Htill left it dimj^ling on bet 
bosom by the skin. l or ihrw days the 
saint lived in this state. Many came to 
visit her, and she spolie to them words 
of eoai o lation and good hope. Among 



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CBAIHS fAXJUma OFF ntnOVERB. 



m 



«Cte» «MM Ufhw« and " tlM Ueiicd 

martyr *• jf«ve to him full <1irpction- f r 
the eoDTcmion of her house into « church. 
When she had completed her dimctiooH, 
die rose to her knee* in prayer, and in 
liiis posture fell asleep in Jesus. — Simeon 
MctAphraat^, (Se<? Cliaucer, Canterbury 
T^e*: " The Second Nun's Tale.") 

A. Cffp^ «^ Jwttkm m J i arm ii 
m a cmtldron of scftfiio'f pitch. In the 
reign of ('laudiu;* II. of Kome, St. Cy- 
prian and St. Juiitina were first tom from 
iiead to foot by hooks and harrowo, and 
tiiea set nak«d in a cauldron full of 
Koctbinf; pitcli, t:illi»w, and other mattor«. 
But, by the i^race of God, these boiy 
awitjra felt DO dieeomfoit ia ttcir betii ; 
and, bcin;? taken nnt uninjured, they 
were both l»t'heaJe<l. — Ikde (a.u. 734). 
See also 8t. (iregory Nazianzenus, 
Oreii»on$ agmmti Juium, 19 (a.u. 863). 

8f. Rxumut^ bishop >jf Catnpania, tet 
m aotttt/dnm ofboHmif jntch icithuut mjttrif 
(a«o. 301), St. Kraamus, in the reign of 
xKoelettao, was ftrst bcelen wHh stares, 
then bastinadoed with knnttv rhr))?, and 
then plunged into a ciiuUlrun tilled with 
pitch, ett, Mid resin. I ho eanldmn was 
•et on a huge fire till the mass seethed ; 
and yet the saint received no harm, for 
the very lire was in lea^jiie with him. 
Being taken from tbo seething pot* he 
wee led back tn priscm and laden with 
chains ; !;nt ('iml sent Hisanpel to deliver 
hitu. Afterwards he fell into the hands 
of Maximian, who put on him a corselet 
of red-hot iron ; but thia also did him 
no harm, and a^rain he was taken back to 
priinm. The t»od who dcliverc<i him 
before sent another angel to lead him out 
of prison, and take aim to Canpaaia, 
A third tiiiir wn« he apprehended, and 
this time he wa,«< martyred, but we are 
not told how. — Ado (anbfaiiiiop ef 
Vienna), Martyrology. 

St. Juhn the Divme oast into a cauldron 
of burn tu/ hot uU. When St. John the 
Kraageli^ waa ninety years old, the em- 
pofor Doniitiaa oommaaded bim to be 
cant into a cauldr n t f hdllini; hot oil. 
The place ap{Miinl«d for tlittf torture was 
a large open field bafoie the Latin ^'ute. 
A huge cauldron was prepared and filled 
with oil, pitch, and resin^ which were 
melt<Hl over a tire of wood ; and an onor- 
moBs crowd assembled on the spot to see 
the spcetade. The evanfpelist, no doubt, 
was ncotirped first, acconlin:: t i the usual 
CturiMm, and was then led furtb into the 
flald. Move ftte was piled up, and the 
«MiUimi b^gaa to letha and orttflow; 



then waa he take* an, and lot down into 

the niidftt of the boiling mass. The 
tiaiiieH were so fierce and high as 
wholly to conceal the martyr, but ^ho 
crowd distinctly heard a voice singing in 
the cauldron. Every one was amazed, 
and waited impatiently to s o flu < nd. 
More and more fuel was piled on the fire, 
till the boat waa vabearable for maajr 
yards' distance, and <fill the voice waa 
heard tingioir hymn« of praise. At 
lengUi tha fire burnt out, and the nwU 
titude crowded to the cauldron, when, 
lo! there sat the a^ed apostle in the 
mid^»t, wholly uninjured. The oil, the 
resin, asd the pitch bad all boiled away, 
tiw eaaMrOD waa qnite dryt ^ Hntn 
Rat the evangelist, not a hair of his lio.id 
injured, but his face beaiuiug like the 
sun, and h\* aged body actually invigo* 
rated. Tlie r»ffiecn« lifted him out of tUo 
cauldron, and led hiiu back to prison. 

Tbto tate h UAA by H». J»rv.m#. who itMil A D. ;u.%-^r>. 
/w Jtfttttmift, I. p. U; hy TmullUii. wlui liml W* -,!^'*, 
Pnucri/iUviit m0t*int« /ffrriir t.cU.Xlwi. ; h) K i ' i', 
wlio hvid M&-X<8 ; anil luu beeji tejMftUni lu atiiuMt mil 

Uf4 u/ th4 S»M*. 

molten lead, rtemet no harm therefrom, 

St. Ltn V . 1 y the order of Diocletian and 
Maxiiitian, was plunged up to her neck 
in a cauldron full of boiling pitch and 
molten lead. Mere she remained for 
mauy hours, but received no sort of 
harm. Being taken out, she was haled 
by the hair throiwh the atioeta, ladea 
with gyves and fetters. At the waa 
d r.iu';,'e<l past the d r ' f (h r rinianuft, 
a ni>ted imai^e-makcr, all the idols in his 
warehouse rell to the ground, and were 
broken to pieces. This was the catiw iif 
his conversion, and be was beheaded 
with SL Lucy the same da v. — Simeon 
Metaphrastea (died 911), Lives of tJtt 
Saints. (Sm auo Zonaraa and Evagrios.) 

Chains falling off Prisonen. 

Acts xvt. 2i, a«. When Fkal and anas were 

Rt I'hillppi they were cast into priaun. but at 
midtiit(tit thcv prayed, «nd sutMenly there was 
:^ r V. I I lakiyaadtoaisdiatelyeifeijnwa'e 

Ujiiil^ were iiX'^*d. 

\'Tx %ii 7. XVtipn Peter wan ca«t into priaoa 
.^y lIerud.aaaneElcametoliUu.aad "hlsobaias 
fell off fkoB hla bauds.'* 

Ataglaw,- ''V Si. BriuiJ!ct of }fount 
Cassim, Vie bomJU nf a nriaoner are broken 
(A.D. 480-648). A Gothic aoldiar cruelly 

tormented n pexisant for money. The 
peasant said ue Imd ^^ivcn all he possessed 
into the keening of St. Ueut tlict. Where- 



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CHASM HLLSD UP. 



and mado him walk in front of bis horse, 
AiMici»tMiuct him tu theabb«y . They found 
tiie ftbbot alone, reeding ; end the Goth, 

in ii bullyin;,' t; ni . rried aloud, *M*p, tip, 
I say ! fi^ive thi» fellow the money he hm 
left with you." The 8aint, quite imper- 
turbable, went on reading, but in u few 
minutes ^laaccd ut tlie i>eaaaTit. The 
instuut hts eye was fixed on the cA[>Mve, 
the atroDff coidi broke like tow^ And left 
the men free. The Gotii wm fng'htened, 
and thriiwin;^ liim- If at tlie feet of the 
man of God, implored h\n pardoo. St. 
Benedict never spoke a word, but went 
on with hid book. After a few minutes' 
silence, the saiut very quietly siiid to ouc 
of the brothers, "Give them to eat, and 
let them go." The bully WM thoroughly 
cowed, and the pcemnfe'e money vemuneil 
in siife ctistody.-^t, Gnigory the Great, 
JJiihgue$t bk. li. 

CKamx of St. CftritMiiu crmahte into 
duat. When St. Cbrisantus wfi^ cn^t into 
prison by the Roman tribune, he was 
landed with ^yves and fetters, and the 
floor of the pnson was covered with foul 
and stinking things ; but, in the sight 
of the ofTu i rs, the irons whieh they h;id 
used to bind him with turned to dust, 
and the etench which filled the cell was 
eonverted into a fragrant perfume. 

Vtltow kM Armwilui. pricnU of Sl 8UT>H*n. pop? and 
tmitft. wmi« Uir LKf* uf ft ChrUinlu*: •jhI M<-U- 
jJhraMU* Mptti It. rtirl-.iiitiw It liinulloOMl iu Ui« 
Mftnum Wtr.-^r .li.y^ , In (tir- 1/ 'rr|rr^i/«^y of UMsHM i 

Sf. ElnUherius reUaaed from pristm by 
an tiKyl (A.n. 531). A contagion having 
btok'w out in Tonmai, the people aacribcd 
it to Bu Gleutherias, the despiser of thetr 
gi)d>». A c(im|)any of sol.iier;* wjis sent, 
therpJore, to apprehend him, and he was 
cast into prison. At night the an^'ol of 
(Jnd came to him, his chains fell off, the 
prifon door* opened uf their own accord, 
and the angel <M>nducted him to Hlandain. 
lihe ffOTemor of Toninai, convinced by 
tfiis miracle that the CSiristlan'e God is 
(}»e one true God, prayed St. Elcuthorius 
to return to the city. This did he, and 
the lane iMj the saint received into the 
fold 11.000 souIm by baptism.— Ji«P«til» 
Jiuilamiuitei, vol. ii. p. OUO. 

Chasm fillod up. 

Mettiui VurtiuSf b.c. 362. We arc told 
in Roman story that a vaat diasm, from 

titnie unknown cause, apftcarfd in tlie 
Roman forum, and the souihsayers de- 
dared it uronld never be filled up, till 
Bmb* ttniv into it ite beet treaaufe. 



[Pr.1, 

Mettiu^ r'urtiii-* said. Untne"!* be^t treasure 
is a self'Socriiicing devoted pA^iot; and 
nonntingon his cnarfrer he leaped into 
the pulf, whicli immediately closed over 
him. — Valerius Maxinius, De Factis I/tc- 
tiaque MemorabUSfus fin nine books). 

A gulhi and bo-j filled up by the fjculi/ of 
St. /.r«o (third century). St. Leo, pa^ising by 
the temple of Fortune, at Patara, in Lycia. 
■aw it illominated with lantema, and 
broke as many aa were witiiin his readb. 
The governor ordered liim to be brotifxht 
before him, and asked why he had pro- 
faned the temple, and dishonourtMl the 
emperor. St. Leo replied that Fortune 
was no deity, and added, " There ia but 
one God, the Creator of heaven and earth." 
The governor said, " Yon are not here to 
preadi Cfarietiattity, but to answer yonr 
mdictment." As I>eo per-i-'< 1 in lis- 
avowintf the gods, the governor ordered 
him to be eeonrged, and uien to be draini:ed 
over rocks and stones till he was dead. 
After dciitli, hii* body was thrown from a 

Crecipice into a deep diaam or gntly, tlw 
ottom of which was a dangerous hog, 
and immediately the chasm closed u|M>n 
it. and the bo^ became firm ground, over 
which persons could walk without the 
leaatdanger. — BoUandns. Aeta AmetoriiM, 
vol. ii. February. (Alban Butler gives 
the life of 6L. Leo, with but little mutila* 
tion.) 

Christ aoensed of 8»tftnlft In- 

fluenoe. 

Mask iU. 23-30. The serlbee whidi eama 
down ftom J«ms«l«m ssMCof CbrMV Hobalh 
IWelaeliub»aDd bgr tbeprlooaef Ihedevibesslsth 
Be oat derf Is. 

St. Jfaur a-'cused of $orc$rf/ (51S-694). 
After St. Maur had done many wonder^ 
ful works ut Glanfeuil, the devil inspired 
three artiMnn to aeeusc him of sorcery, 
giving oat that he had come there only 
to make hti fortune by ddnding the 
people with falr^e miracles ; but Co 1 
signally punished Uie»e calumniators. 
The devil entered into them all, and 
tormented them with excruciating tor- 
tures, under which one of the three died. 
St. Maur, instead of rejoicing, prayed 
earnestly that God would pardon them. 
His prayer was heard, for find not only 
drove ovit the devil from the pos-*es'^e<l, 
but also raised the dead man to life. Su 
Maur then bade them leave the neigh- 
bourhood, lest their presence ah.ndd keep 

, alive lu memury the uiimcle which had 
been wrought.— Faustus (a companion of 

i St. Manr), ^«o/^. ifiiHP 



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CHRIST AS A CHILD. 



Chiist as a ChlkL 

[In the Lives of the Saints the favour- 
ite apparition of Christ is in the form 
of a little child. It was m & littlt* child 
that He >pi>^are(l to St. Alexander, St. 
Anthony, iSt. Aagostine. S(> Beraard. 
8t. Opbenit, St. Peter of Alezandxie, um 
hundreds of oUar twiints.] 

Christ apptmra^ as a iUtie cJUid^ to St, 
Alexander and Balbina (a.o. 118). Pope 
Alexaiidor I., in the rfcign of Hatlrian, 
converted Uernicd the governor and aii 
h<<u:ie, to the number of 1500 soula. 
Complaint being made to the emperor 
Tiajan that Atecander and HeraiCt vm 
^rwitly } rrvertin^j tin i ■ !)|»le, he lent 
Aureiiaa to investigate the matter, with 
fall power of acting; at discretion. Aure- 
lian comniittrt! Alcxaniirr tn jirisTin ; but 
Hermes, Luing a man high in dignity and 
honour, he placed in the house of Quiri- 
Dot the tnbune. as a nheonei on his 
parole. Tbe trioane tned to pennade 
HermSs to ahan I< n a religion which 
only led to diebunour and death ; but the 
goreraor replied, I once thongfht like 
yon, but pop*' Alexander made me wise 
uqU> salvation." Quirinus said, " I 
wonder if the man you refer to is the 
Alexander I have under me in tlie common 
jaUV" " Ye«," replied Hermes, " that is 
iti li 1 1 the man ; and if he liked he cDuld, 
with the help of Jesus Christ, free himself 
tmn bondage, and either eome to me or 
go elsewhere." Quirinus laughed out- 
right at this, and said, " If Akxander 
OBB qnt hie and come hither without 
my permission, 1 will believe that Christ 
is Cod indeed." ** Be it ho," said Hermes. 
Tlien Quirinus de[iarlc(i, and set double 
locks on the prison doors, and a double 
goard to keep wateh over both hie prifoaen. 
Hermes, by the nir iinni of prayer, com- 
municated to Alexander this conversation 
with the tribune, and presently there 
appeared before him a little child about 
five years old, who said to him, "Alex- 
ander, arise, and follow me." " As the 
Lord liveth," replied Alexander. " I will 
not ^o with thee, except I flret hear thee 
re; ( :tt tlir I'attr yu^tcr." Tlie child 
re^H-ated ihc prayer, aud, taking tha 
prisoner by the hand, led him to the room 
•.vhere Hermes was in custody. When 
tbu tribune returned, and luuud Alexander 
and Hermes together, be was dnm founded; 
but af^er his lint eittonishment was abated 
ha aaid| ** I an reedy to be baptized, for 
Bone of our Kouian ^'"'i:^ onn I'n ,tf[> r t.'iH 
•Oft*** After more cunver^atiMU be imuU, 



*• I have n I'l.iTi f^'httT, an onlvrhiltl, ;rrirv- 
oualy afHicted with an incurable quinjiy: 
heal her, and I will bestow on yon ball 
of all my goods," '* Bring her to my 
cell," said St. Alexander, and the damsel 
was t-aken to his cell. Now take tiiis 
chain," said Alexander, **with which 1 
was bound, sod hang it abont her neek.* 
The fither took the chain, and hunu; it 
round the neck of hia daughter, and she 
was cured in a moment. In the mean 
time, the holy child, which had dcliver»!d 
Alexander from prison, ajjpcared ai.;ain in 
the cell, and »aid to the maiden, " Balbina, 
Christ hath made thee whole, and desires 
to have thee for His bride.** When Quiri- 
nus tlir \ i>iMU nf tlio child JeFius, he 
fell at the feet of Alexander, aud cried. 
My Und, depart oat of this place, lest 
I !>e consumed." Alexander then b?ifie 
Quinnus to &tu»emble before him all hiii 
prisoners, and when he had done so, the 
saint preached to them Christ and Him 
cruciffed. His words w«it home to their 
hearts with [ i wer of the Holy Ghost, 
and all were converted. Quirinus supplied 
all the prisoners with white robes, es was 
the custom with cntpchnmena, and they 
were baptiited. (bee I'kteh tiis Holt 
Exorcist, p. 91.) — Life of Pope 
Alexandtr I, (from the publie registers). 

Christ, as a child, appears to St. Andrea* 
Corsmi {A.u. \6ul V.u 6). Wlien the clergy 
of Fiesol^ chose St. Andrew Coruiai for 
Uieir bishop, he wasnowhen to be fooad. 
llavin^^ been informed of the election, ha 
had tied to Certosa, south of Florence, to 
compel theqrnod to make another choice. 
Another conndl being called, just as 
some other name was about to b« proposed, 
a little child, apparently three yeais old, 
entered the assembly, sjid said, '^Andrew 
Coteini is God's ehoiee. Yon will iind 
him at his orisons in Certosa." At the 
same mouient a little boy in white ap- 
peared to St. Andrew, and siudi "Fear 
not, Andrew, for 1 am with you, and 
Mary will be thy protector and helper." 
The call could not be resisted. As .St. 
Andrew went on hb way to Fiesold, he 
net the deputation, and th^ entered the 
cluirch together. — Surius, Xnet Mi 
OauUi (6 vols. ful. 167U). 

Christ, as a little cJiild, often visited 
St. Anion', of I'adiui (a.h. 11^5-1231). 
Christ often went into the cpU of St. 
Antuny of I'adua, in the form and like- 
ness of a little child, and convened 
fieelj with him. — ISdward Kinesmaa 
{162H), Lives of the Stint <: 

Christ, as a child, appears to St. Cuth- 



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CHRIST GONSORTS WITH SINNERS. 



[Pt.k 



btTt wlurn iptUc a hoy (seventh centunM. 
When CuthtHfrt was only eight years 
cfld, and was playing widi liit oom- 
panioDS, a child Bonie thrcr vpars of fif^c 
came to him, and begged htm to s^4>nd 
bis time more profitably. Cullibeit took 
no notice of this remonifenuioa, and the 
child, tkrowinfc itself on Hit ground, 
began to cry so bitterly, that Ctithbort 
sod bis companions ran to comfort it. 
TIm littte ebild then said to Catfateil, 
."Why, 0 holy priest and pnlate, do 
you indulge in ftillips uo9»ultod to your 
dignity and your onicr? It it not COB* 
si stent for vou to play with children — 
you whom (sod has elected to teach even 
the most ndvanced in wisdom and in 
yean." Cuthbcrt, amjued at these words, 
was iBstaatlT dmnprad in th« t^rit of hit 
mind, and the Httle child, which before 
seemed an infant not exceeding three 
years of age, suddenly j r ired before 
mn\ as a man of full and perfect stature. 
^Bede, Church JJistt/ry^ bk. iv. ch. 
17-82. 

xnmn BuUtr rafen us to all Ik* ■«iuU mOlMfftlM and 
g^otulu Ud* UK wblcb U gtfMi ljy aB tlM bctt ndiori- 

Chrtstf <u a chUdf apfitars to iSt, Emiitatia 
o/ Fltirmee (a*1>* l'-^46). St. Eniliana 
bad a most earnest desire to see Jcsua 
Christ at the age of three (*r four yeari* ; 
and one da^% as she wa^ al>e(l, very ill, 
aba saw an infant child of thai am in her 
chamber. The child was aomtrably 
hi nil li fill, and played befKrr In r l>eiJ. 
li^uiiiiaoa thought it was an aogel, and 
aaid to it, "My dear child, hiv« you 
nothing better to do than tn waste your 
time in sport?" The child answered 
witt a sigh, What would vou have nie 
do instead ? " "1 should like you," said 
St. Emiliana, "to f^peak to me of the 
great (iod." The iliiM replitMl, "In 
speaking of God one can only speak in 
piaiaei and it is not well to praise one's 

Mif.** So saying, the child vanished 
from her sight. — A. iituU, Acta ^nc- 
ionim (May 19). 

CArut, as a litUe ehUd, a^pwi to St. 
Oxanna U.n. l449-^M5). The good 
angel of Oxanna, of Mantua, rondufted 
her, when only six yearB old, into heaven, 
and diowod her the glory of the saints. 
' When she returned to earth, she vowed 
herself to God without reserve, and 
forthwith .K'}iii» (..'brist came to her, in 
the form of a little child of ravishing 
beauty, with long curling blond Im'kn, 
I'ut wearing a crown >ii ili-rns, /.mi 

oaixyisK on His showldtr a beary cross. 



Stretching out Ilis arns tn Oxannn, He 
said to her, " My dear Oxauna, 1 am 
the Son of nary. If von follow He, yon 
must BuflFer miirh. as f also pufTered, and 
was made perfect with sutlerings." Thus 
saying. He vanished, and tlie little giri 
was left with a heart brimful of divine 
love.— L'abb^ Chapin, La Vie dTnne SainU 
pmtr rhaque Jow ae I'Antw'c f.Ttine ]«). 

V/irist omears, as a little child, to Stp 
VttTmiM of Mikm, On tiio odave of 
Corpns Christi, a,d. 1487, dnring ma.<5 in 
the catlieilral church of ?ililan, Veronica, 
ICazing intently on the hoiv elements, 
saw the form of Jesus Christ as % little 
child, surrounded by adoring angels. 
On her return to the convent she asked 
the sisters if they also bad seen the 
▼isioB, bnt none of flieni had done so.— 
DartnK-Oonld, Lhm s/ Ms AriMt (Jan., 
p. IW). 

WMa MmIiMIi vm abaat (a nm rt t r Oaaaaa, 1m m v a 

ducytr In th« idr ; hat If Ute f«>Ubiil* had bcra fall at 
men and wooMm, nooa vtiahl bav« iven tiM pbanUMn. 
AipUn, III tJi« l>«n>|ii<-t hat) CHW tVte ithmt of Bonquo 
liUltic on thn vnmiit rhair, hut no due elw nw it. 
IlnitiHt tefurc Ums tmMe of Fhanalla. Um (hort of 
CwNv; wi atala. at HMni Vanwica no douM mm 
tiie chUS JaiiM, m MaeliMli anr Mm tfaa»r, and BmftM 
Uie ghnt o( CMmr. iiut Uwt !■ no proM that Um child 
Janu tnts there in a bodilj' form. 8h« wu ^l^^tm hoiicft 
irn l trittirul, hvit hi>r mind Informed bar ilcht, not K«r 

nil J lu ibc •entr Um vlwoit M a raaUu. hiemm tb« So* m 

kiinwi (hit T'«tnn* of all wru ai« coaMMeJWlA l« 
tucb esutm )<' it dUtlnctI; undrn*oo4 lkaraliw»MB*^ 
tktu In tiM tl(|iit-«aar, but oMijr diMua. 

Christ oonsorttnc wUh Sixu 
ners. 

Matt. v. II. the Fbarlsees saM to tile 
dl-ciplea. Why eateih your Maslsr with 
publkaos and slnrieis? whan Jmm bsaid 
ttiaL He said to ibma, Thoy that I* wbula 
need not a phynldaD, bat they that be slek. 

8t» Martin accuted bjt the devil of ociM- 
sortinrj tnth sinniTS. TIm' df-vil re|irnvcd 
bt. Martin because be recetvcu, " Li|>on 
penance,*' thoae who bad oomniittcd very 
heinous sins, and even those who had 
denied the abounding mercy of God, 
-:iying that God would not pardon them, 
bt. Martin replied, The physiciaa visits 
the sick to Ima] them ; ana if then, misefw 
able wretch, didst but knrav thv sirkne*s, 
wished for parduu, and would repent, I 
would pcay the forgiving God to ImbM 
mercy even on thee.'^-^Salpieias SevtraSi 
Life of St, Martin. 

Clmst enters, th& Doors beia^ 
Shut. 

John xx. 19. The Mme day &t < s fining, 
white the doses war* shut when ths uisdptos 



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Pt. I.J 



were omh;! 



CTITIIST IDKNTIFIED WITH HIS DtSGIPL^ 



St. Clara Imres Atr rvll, thr il'Xir bt-infj 
hckfd on he^ (a.i>. 1846). The sixers 
cot d«jr locked St. Clara in her cell to 
pnreat bcr returning to tier rctrt^at io 
the walla of the town, where she was 
•Mustomed to task herself beyond her 
■trength by penanon; bot although tber« 
was no means of exit or entrance, she left 
her cell while the door was still locked. 
— PeiU$ fioHandistes, vol. ii. p. 439. 

^t. Franeis Hicronlmm mtfrsnnd Icany 
the chamber of Cataido, uiun the doors are 
'.' ^ \\ hcn Cataido mu* dying, St. 
Francis 11 ieronimus went in and out of 
ilw duunber while th« doors remained 
shut. It is also said llmt hi- v'. ;is often ia 
the room, wholly invisible to any one but 
the dying BMD.—Cardmal Wiseman. (St. 
Francis was canonized in 18,'i9.) 

St. PaxU uj tli£ Cross df parts from a 
l< i'>e tr/tcn the doers are shxU. St. Paul 
of the Cross oaine to Perugia, and being 
taken far the psrish priest for a vagabond, 
was locked up In a secure place, the plat« 
of the house being first well secured. 
Vest morning the priest sent his sister 
to unlock the door and ^^ive the va;,'rant 
his brt'akfast: b lit what was her auiu^ti- 
meot, on opening the door, to find the 
room emp^. The door certainlv liad 
been well locked, and the priest himself 
had kept the kev. Tiie window also was 
secured with iron bars, between which 
no booMii creature could possibly pass. 
There was no -w-ay of exit except by 
miracle. That alone could sidve the 
mystery. As Christ entered tlie room 
where the dlscipleis were amnibled when 
fhe doors were shut, so St. Paul of the 
Cross had left the room in which he had 
been locked when the doors were shut.— 
Father jpim, Life of m. Fad of tt« 

Chxistldentilles Himself with 
His Disciplea aod w^th OUeots 

of Charity. 

Matt, ixt. 40. Verily. I pnv unto you, 
TDAfDiuch nu n bare done it u;ito one of iho 
least of ttiMH.' My brHhren, j t li*ve doue It uuio 

A<Ts Ix. 4. Whf-n Saul went to Dttmiutcus (o 

ErfM-ciite Iho Christians tb«n?, Christ said to 
«hy petsecutsil thou Ma i 
[DOC, Wbr iieneentast tlMMydbciplflsf knt 

Christ resiom to St. Catherine of Siena 
• ome^ifikkkth* had giteHM charity to 
laiT-'inO). On* dfty ft 



poor mmi eaked aims ef St Gatherint, 

who was greatly distressed, because ehc 
had Qutbing to give him. Happening to 
ca!*t her eyes on her rosar}', she saw there 
her f^ilvcr cruciflx, which she handed to 
the bet'gar. At night, Mhilc she was io 
prayer, the > ivi ur ij [reared to her, 
holding in Uis hand the crodfix, now 
beantifuUy studded with pteeions stones. 
*' Do you recognize this cm My 
daughter?" asked Christ. said 
Catherine; "but it is infinitelr mwr 
beautiful than it was this niornin'.' 
"This morning, Catherine, yon guve it 
Me, in ]mre love," said the Saviour ; "at 
the day of judgm«it I will restore it to 
j'ou as YOU now see it." 8o saying, Ue 
vanished from her sight. 

Another insttmae. On one oocasion St. 
( athcrine gnve to « beggar the only vobo 
she had presened ; anfi nr xt fJnv tho 
Saviour ap|H:ured to her, wearing this robe 
thickly sown with nearls and gold. — 
Kaymond of Capu» (her oonleseor), Lift 
of St. Cathtrhteof Ana. '* ' 

BrottuT Glh's, at the bidJiruj of St. 
Francis uf Assisi, ijixxs hts doaJt to a otggar 
(A.D. Vm). Giles was the first disciple 
of St. Francis of Assisi. When he v ent 
to join the saint, he met him on the road, 
and inifdored that he might be admitted 
into his society. As they journeyed on 
together, tbey encountered a beggar, and 
St. Franri;, i K! tiilen to give the beggar 
his cloak, (jilca instantly obeyed, and 
the beggar rose to the doods in the sight 
of tlicni boili. Then Giles felt deeply how 
ble««ed is blind obedience. — Acta SemC' 
tarmn (Boll«idJ«te), April 2B. 

W« h«*e •nothar tiimiun uf ■ -«--'«— rfiMketM' loU 
or Brvtitor Uiln. but vttboot ths MVNL^Iac ona 

pilkl IsiIrf.K.letl. wIUkhUI (HUM, food. OT a MCUad 

eJo > 1 n et « ,„> r iiMn in ngt. Gllct cut off half h« 

©wii cJimk amt jtnve It lo the t^K^xr. ai,d f..r (w-„i» 
wettt uu hto Jouf iif). eti-B«l i,> i 1 i : 1:, ,^. . i th* 
««*tber. bit onl) t>uu4«iu being luiK a ck*k. (ik« tsi 

St. llvbert. a monk of Brittany, ha» 
Christ for Alt ^HMf (i.D. 714). St. 
Hubert, the son of pious parents, entered 
the monastery of bt. Peter, in Brittany, 
in ()7<), and was ordained priest when only 
twenty years old. Three pontiffs were 
told by angels to go to Brittany to a&aist 
in the ceremony. At dinner, a beggar 
sat himself at table with the high and 
honoured goests, and after Hubert had 
giren him food he vanished. The nobles, 
prelates, and other guests looked at each 
other in wonder, and recognized at once 
that the l>eggar was Christ llimself who 
had honoured their table. — Acta SanC' 
(BoUudlrts), VOL Tii. 80. 



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CHRIST IDENTIFIED WITH HIS DISCIPLES. 



[Pt. I 



We »« in thU the r«wliiin»of the " faithful " to beliere 

In llir mIrrruK I't^ Tlierr i- no nhadow <■( |>rno( tiiftt IhU 
UgK^wiu wittliini; ii-i>t> ilind a liijirvAn Imtihii Another 
tbuu^lit i«i4:vr>L> lL'«-l( Ui! J- •.- I Ir ihiit lijr »iinl "aiitr. U" 

•r doH tht wort wma J^Sf^mlmmjrint vSS^^im 

wonl WM feiierall)' ronil<lcr«'d to iu«iui "ipirlt* trom 
bcnveii " tlirrr cui lie no douht. Uit tba oriatiiiil hio- 
fnt-ito' ma* itniiiijr ado^tad « tcnii of Biblical 
MUborttr. witlMVt Uw taaat Intantiou of uiUMdliic 

St. Grcjjorif the Great, fndinj (he jxHtr^ 
had Chriiit fur his ouf** (a.d. f>lO-<;u4). 
The elwritjr of St. Gregory the Great wag 
most exenipUiy. At every me»l be had 
some beggars at bis table. One day 
before the meal bepnn he wished to give 
* \t^us^ MDie water to waaL in, bufc 
whiMM «M slMent the be(rgar vaaiilMd* 
Durinp the night the Saviour came to 
him, and sAid, Ordinarily you receive 
Me in the poor who aMemble at your 
board, but to-day you received Mc 
personally." FMeuibra prius quasi me 
•oscepisti, aedhodie mc.] 

Anot/ter instance. On another occaaion 
St. Gregory comimndcd his almontr to 
bring twelve poor men to his table, but 
when he sat down he noticed tliere were 
4iiirte?n guests. He called his almoner 
and told him he had exceeded the number ; 
but the almoner re|)lieci, his holiness had 
commanded Iiim t<> furnish twelve guests, 
•ad twelve only were awienibled. St. 
GTegnr>' mw nt once tbere was fome 
niysterj', and kept his rye upon the 
thirteenth. He ob8er\-ed that the figure 
and countenance of thin gue^t wan con- 
stantly changing : at one time he looked 
like a child, then a young man, and last 
of all as a verv old man. After the meal 
was ovei he called the my aterioua stranser 
to hiiD, and naked hia name. **Woy 
would you know my name?" said the 
itranger; *'it is unutterable. I am an 
angel, MBtVy God, to tell you how highly 
He approves of those nets of charity." 
Gregory now fell at bis feet with his face 
to t£e earth, and said, If God approves 
of such small services, I can wall«oiiedT« 
how He will approve of grMter. And 
henceforth I will incrcai^e my clinritios a 
hundredfold." And so he did. (See br. 
Julian, next eol.) — John the deacon, 
Li/l' of St. Grei]ory the Great (twelfth 
ccnturk*), written at the express coniinand 
of pope 1/Co VI II. 

St, Jtthn of St. Facond gives the best of 
hi$coatstoaWqjar{A.v. 1480-1479). St. 
Jolin of St. Vacond was a native of 
Sahagun or St. Facond, in Spain, and 
was a Ter>- great saint. One day a naked 
1 ( g.:ar met him, anrl asked alms in the 
name of God. John had on tw o garuientSi 



and iptve the better of them to the bepgar. 
At night he received a celestial visit sc 
extraordinary, that his whole heart and 
soul seemed filled with ineffable deUght, 
•*God only knows what I A!lt," saM 
John, " but such a fulness of joy I never 
felt before, and its remembrance will 
abide withmeforertr.**— jtcte Smtdemm 
(Bollandists), vol. ii. p. niH, .June 12. 

St. Julian, bishop of Cuen';a, entertains 
Christ amongst his pauper <jiu:,ts (iUOk 
1207). St. Julian, bishop of Cuenfa. 
was accustomed to give dinner to several 
pau|)erM every dny. On one occasion 
there appeared at his table oce more 
meanly clad than the test, bst hia face 
and bearing showed he was no mean 
I)cr8on. St. Julian took hiui aside, after 
the meal, and inquired into liin ante- 
cedents ; when the panper replied, " 
dear Julian, I thank you for your hospi- 
tality to the poor, and promise you eternal 
life. Be well assured that whatever you 
do to tiie least ui these My brethren, ye 
do unto Ble." So saying, He vanished 
from human sight, and St. Julian knew 
it was the Loi^. (See St. Gkegoky.) 
— UoUandua, ^da SMctonim, Jan. 28| 
vol. ii. 

St. Afartla jxirts his diMik with abegnar, 
St. Martin, at the age of eighteen, while 
scrvini^ in the Roman army, was stationed 
at Amiens during a very fi( vcre winter. 
One bitterly cold day, when many perished 
with cold,* marching through 'the eity 
they eame upon a poor naked l>eggar, 
sim'king and pfnefaed. Martin, like all 
the other soldiers, was in arnumr, but 
over his steel be had a large militarv 
cloak. As none of his companions took 
notice of the beggar, Martin cut his cloak 
in two with his sword, and gave half of 
it to the beggar, the Other half he threw 
over his shoulders as a scarf. Some of 
his coin|mnions laughed at hiui, but 
others felt ashamed that with larger 
means they had not relieved the v&zrant. 
At night, Cbrist showed Himself to nartiii 

in a \ ision. He was dressed in tlic parted 
cloak, and asked Martin if he recognized 
the garment, adding, " What is done to 
tlip }>oor in My name is done unto Me." 
Martin now resolved to be baptized, to 
leave the army, and devote the rest of 
his life to the servioe of Christ. 

Anoikerexampte. Thisact was repeated, 
with moditications, when St. Martin was 
bishop of Tours. Being about to say 
mass, a poor naked man asked alms of 
him, and St. Martin bade his nrclidcacon 
go and buy a garuient for the vagrant 



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Vt. I.] 



CIlURLTSnKKSS. 



68 



Th« archd««con was w Ibilg*goii«, Chat 

Mnrtin took off hi« own garment and 
paTe it to the timn. The archdeacon 
rt't'imed ufLor a titin-, brin^jin^ a cheap, 
coane, icaat gatmaaL which the biahup 

fwt on, and nroeecded to lay maaa. At 
e elevated the bust l i-; .irms were quite 
bare, but angels covert^d tLem with (tlatcs 
of gold. Hcmc^ arose the custom in some 
ehorchcs of puttinj^ maniplr-s of silk or 
other delioU^i textures aver the alb. (bee 
Urotiikk Gii.ka, p. 61.)— SiUpiciiM 
Severiif, />i<i/<».;h<a\ ii. 

QTottunatiu M)r« Um tiarr anm of tlx mint wctb cortred 
WfceniwMliU. Mid Uuu III* wwa "tk^'^kUAmA turn 
dkb itttia or e,iy «/ta.) 

PeUr IhebcmktrandhitdrMm (A,n* 619). 

St. John, patriarch of Alrvandria, used 
to tell the luliuwing uuccdute as a veri- 
table fact. Peter the tNukcr wm (p»vernor 
ol all Africa. He waa imnicnMlj rich, 
bat to ni;:;;Hrdly that he waa nicknamed 

Peter th« Miser." One day a |>oi.r man, 
watching his opportuuity, applied to him 
for bicM, at the r«ry moment the baker 
was delivering bread at his gate. Peter 
i\m present, as usual, to see the tak ui 
bread delivered, and tiie beggar craved a 
loaf, pleading hunger. The banker was 
very savage, but, unable to refuse the 
man, dun^ a loaf at his head, with an 
oath. The beggar picked up the looi, 
•nd showed it to hie companiona as a 
curiosity. Two Havp nfterwardsthebanker 
fell ill, and saw id a viHion the Ethiopians 
collecting into a scale all his misdeeds and 
ahortcomings, and into the other scale 
his one act of charity, the loaf flung at the 
bej^irar with a curs<>. It wa* a f ri/^htluliy 
light weight, and Peter woke in alarm. 
He BOW fceohred to iaeteaet faia credit, 
and pive largely to the poor. Accord- 
ingly, next day he gave his coat to a 
oaked b«;;^ar, bidding him keep it for his 
use. The bej:^ar, however, imniediaiely 
aold the coat, and the banker felt j^reatly 
annoyed. On his way houie, Jesus Chrii*t 
Himself met Peter; Ue was clad in the 
very garment given to tiie beggar, and 
He Wild, *' Peter, what you ^;ive to the 
poor in My name, yuu givt: unto Me. 
Beek neither gratitude nur glory in this 
world ; your reward is in the world to 
come." So saying. He vanished nut of 
n;iht. The nii^er was now thoroughly 
cuaverted, and not only gave all that be 
had to tile poor, bnt himaelf alio to the 
service of Christ. — Leontiua (bishop of 
iiaplesK oj 8t. John the Almoner. 

St» jPkiiip Berruyer^ arehbishop of 



dothe two naked btggar$ (a.d. 1964). 

One day in midwinter, a* Philip Bemiyer, 
archbishop of Uourges, waa visiting his 
diocese, a beggar more th.in half naked 
asked alms of him. The arebbishop^ 
letiring out of tight, stripped himaelf of 
his under garments, and ^'Hve them to the 
beggar. He had not gone far betore 
another ftnu per accosted him, worse clad 
than the former. The primate, turning 
to liis valet, asked him to assist in 
clothing this miscnible creature ; atui the 
valet, deeinnia of imitating his master, 
e^trippedeff his under garments, and gave 
them to the betjgar. This occurred in 
tlie vicinity ol Vierzon, in Herri. —Lei 
Petita BoOandiBtn (A.li. 1880), vol. L 
p. 2 

<St, Zita ti'ihU ht'r nuuli r's clonk to a 
poor man, tchu pnwea to be Christ or em 
anyd (a.i>. 1218-1278). St. ZiU was ft 
servant-maid in the ftimily of Signom 
Patinclli, One Christmas- ni^'ht, when the 
cold was intense, and Zita was about tO 
go to church, her master offered to lend 
her his clnak, but told her to take care 
of it, and not leave it l)ehind. " Never 
fear, sir," she replied ; " I will take the 
greatest care of it." At the church door. 
ZitA saw a poor man more than half 
naked, shakin^' with cold. " What's the 
matter, friend?" said Zita. The poor 
roan touched the cloak, and looked wist- 
fully into Zita's face. It was too much ; 
the poor gtrl took off the cloak, and, 
casting it round the beggar, said to him, 
** Here, take this cloik till the service is 
over, but be sure to give it me back, for 
it is not mine." After the «ervi(e, she 
went to look for the beggar, but he waa 
nowhere to be found, and with hmx mad 
trembling ZitA returned bonic. Her 
master was very angry ; but iu the midst 
of his Bcolding the beggar was seen 
coming up the nU-i*^. He ^'ave Zita the 
cloak, thanked her for the loan of it, and 
vanished out of sight. Every one said 
the beggar was either Jesus Christ or an 
angel, and ever after the chunrh door, 
where Zita cri' tintered him, was called 
" The Angel s Door." — Acta Sinctorum 
(Papebroeek, fhe Bollandift), April 27 
p. 497. 

Churliehncss. 

1 .Sam. xxt. N&bal was a very rirli maa, 
and when David wm a fufcllive In Padan, be 
sent ten young men to Nodab to aMint hiia 
with a Rift, hut Nsdab replied churlishly. 
Who m JDavid; and who is tbe taa of JmAt 
Shidl 1 take my bread, and my water, and my 
fliih ilatai fbe mgr shaamiii aadflMlemaB 



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CLOAKB US£D FOK RAFTS. 



IPr.I. 



wbom I know not? So the yotinp nion n»- 
tiinted •nd U.ld I>avld. And Havid »a» very 
•ngry, and would have fall<Mi <m thi' porJ«e!«!'ioit9 
of N«d«b and uken them by forcv, but Abigail 
(Madsb'i wife) appMirtd bto wnth with * UmOj 
prcaent and aofl «onta. 

Iaa. xxxlL T, 8. Tb« Imtroments a1m> of tlie 
cburl Mt tvU. . . . Batlb0 Ubmlileviieth Ubtml 
fhhim ; and bj Uberal tbingi dialt he Midid. 

Matt. v. 42. (iive to blni thflkaakctb tbe^ 
and frwiii him that would borrow of tbee tarn 
•lit thou away. 

X%t governor of Bagcux puHtshed/or 
hit d^tuHMness (Mth ceDtut^-). Wben 
St. Germiitiiis of Scotland was in Fnince, 
he passed from La Ilogue to Bayeux. 
Here be seitt to the governor for • Wpply 
of food for hiniHclf iind his companioni, 
but the re<iue«t wus churlishly refused. 
Whereupon all the wine-tubs in the 
ffoveraor's ceUar **m trottv^xent ^puu^ 
Jusqa'k U derntbra gootte.** The con- 
trary happened to another pcntloinan, 
BAmed Gantius, who readily anawered his 
Appeal — **il rc^ut, pour sa r^ontpense, 
tine abondante he'notliction sur toute M 
famille ; " but the hii>toriau doet DOt 
particularize the nature of this hleeaaiif. 
— Corblet, J/ojfiographit d'Amkna, 

St. Antony pwuthed for ehurtUMy 
refushi'f Macanus a palm-hranch (a.d. 
800 ii95). One day bt, Antony bad 
collected some beautiful palm-branchet, 
and Macanus asked hiTu t<> give him one. 
••Tliou shftlt not rovel thy neighbour's 
goods," was the churlish reply, and im- 
mediately all the branches witheied and 
dried up, as if they had heen paaeed 
through the fin-. St. Antony, ama/ed at 
this miracle, confessed that Macarius was 
beloved of God, ud was a chosen vessel 
of His Anointed.^£M ^etU* JiaUandatu 
(1880), Jan. 2. 

A mUn- of Pharalldis refused to give 
alms of breiid, arid ail her bread became 
stutifs. A won»an begged breed for • 
hungry child of a sister of rharuildis, 
but ahe replied, '* I have none to give 
yon \ in fkot, there is none in the bouM." 
"nie poor woman Iw-cnine more urgent, 
bat tlie bister i>er»isted that there was 
none in the house. Then said the 
woman, "If there is any in the houae, 
niay St. I'haraildis change it Into stone. 
There were loaves in the house, and they 
were all converted into stones. In com- 
memoiatton of thbainele, St. Pharaildis 
is represented in Christian art with loaves 
of bread.— bariDg-Goold, Laxs of the 

CloalL-Taft 

• KMlLt. miAte* Mi 



wrapping it toRothrr, nmote the waters, safl 
they were divided tiliber and thttber, so tlui 
tbejr two went vem Jerdaa on dqr gionnd. 

Si. Bamdrdm makes a fcrvj-Jxyit of hi» 
cloak (A.r>. 1»80-1444). St. Bernardin, 
having to pass a river in order to get to 
Mantua, where he was about to preach, 
could not induce the boatman to ferry 
him across, because he had no money. 
In this dilemma he threw his cloak OB 
the surface of the river ; and, wHhootso 
much as wetting it in the least, sailed on 
it across the stream. — Bamaby of Siena 
(a oonteniporar>')» Life of 8t, ISemardm, 

St. Francis of Paula sails on his cloak 
over the straits of Messina (a.d. 14lt»- 
1507). When St. Francis of Paula was 
ahont to visit Sicily, he stopped a few 
minutes at the ferry opposite the pharot 
of Messina. The 'straits of Me.isina, 
eveiy one knows, are famous for the 
Gulf of Charrbdfe and the foek called 
Scylla. Tlic j>o. ts used to say, if a 
navigator was luekv enough to escape 
the augers of the gulf, he was almost 
rare to mn foul of tl^ rock. Well, being 
on the spot, St. Francis a^tked a feTr>'maa 
to take him and his companions across 
for nothing. The ferrjrman laughed at 
the request, and seemed inclined to strike 
the saint. St. Francis made no moreadc , 
but simply threw his cloak in the sea, 
and, jumping on it, bade his six disciples 
follow his example; and all seven eatJed 
on this cloak across the strait. The na 
trembled, but the snint did not tremblei 
tiie waves respected and Uie winds obeyed 
him. Seylla and Chanbdis, wl^leh 
threatened nobler barks with detitructioB, 
honoured tins novel bark, *' et Ton dit 
mime que, depuis ce tcmpe-lk, la mer j 
a et<> plus colme." llie seven voyagen 
reached Messina in safety, wbwre n 
enormous crowd was a.«*.scml)led, and 
received the saint as if he hod been an 
angel sent from heaven. 

This mar> ellou8 tale is attested in the 
acts of his canonization by many 
witnesses. The ferryman's name was 
Peter Colossus. We are told he acknow« 
ledged his fault in refusing to fenjr 
the saint over the strait, and used to 
go to Uie church at Messina every day 
to bewail bin foUy, Irfaieh dapiiTed Uh 
of the honoor of giving pMiage to ao 
great a man* 

St. l9tiore*9 wife crossed the rioer 
Xamara on a doak. St. Isidore's wiff 
was accused to him of infidelity, and said 
to her husband, I perceive, my beloved, 

I bgr you aountenewie ihai -Um alaodei 



Digitized by Gopgle 



dlattUMi you ; but I am innocent. lo 
proof wbereof I Mh ratdjr to piiM orcr 
this ri%-cr, the Xamara, trusting to 0ml 
to clear me of this foal imputation.*' So 
nyin^t io the presence of her husband, 
Bpreriil ecclesiastics, nnd hundreds of her 
neighbours, she spread her cloak upon 
the river, sat down upon it, nnd cosscd 
•ver and back again in perfect safety, 

nia tir* of Bt. I«Uor«. Id 9MnUh. b wtild far br 
(h« bigtMrt Mttioritr : nnd PhiUp of CMOa ani AracuM 
mm kUMw-rwi'cni lo John Uatftaiun Ui ptimt mi IMkUitl 
B. Hm "ktcrrt' ar« dfiied U* OfooUh and abbaok 
was printMl at Bnuitli. Jiiii^ 1h iiiHit 

U ve^iiu to me (list lii^: im ..l. nt w.hiIJ pfWW At 
VOtMUn'* "lnhllMfW^" U it prornl uijitbUiC. 

St. Jtaf/mund of Pennaforte sailed tomt 
ICO miVf '. ' M /ns cloak (a.i>. I'JT.'i). Kir-j 
JaiMS was living in adultery with a lady 
of ttie fi«ttft| and nfoaed to diaaolve the 
nnionf at the earnest entreaty of St. 
Baymnnd. The man of Uotl declared 
tfuU he would no longer abide in the 
eonrt, a witness to such an open violation 
of God's law; but the king strictly for- 
bade any per, under pain of d< at;i, to 
eonvey Kaymund across the water m his 
vmmL In dilcnnift ih« boly man 
spread his cloak apon the wnter, and 
janping thereon, held up on his stalf one 
MflBCr of the cloak for sail, and in this 
way was wafted to Barcelona, a distance 
of fifty-three leaprues. On reach in<» shore 

he drew his cluak rif[*'r him, fminii it 

was not even damp, and Uirew it across 
U« ■hcMtlden. This "miracle** had so 

|preat an effect on the king, thnt he 
instantly dismissed his paramour, and 
lived a life man in accordance with 
Christian decency. (This incident is 
mentioned in the bull of his canonization, 
1601.) — Leandre All)erti's Life of St. 
MajftMOkd, (The miracles of S>t. Kaymund 
ill aiztaanfolio pages of tlia BoUandists.) 

Olondy Pillaar. 

clouiiy }iUlw. 

enu^red inui the tatyrngicie, me cloiitlj pillar 
descciidod, und 8tood at th*- door «r the tSlNi^ 
oacle, and the Uml talkt^i with Mofies. 

KxoD. xlv. 19, 20 Wli«ii Mo«es and the 
children of Israel cume to tbe Hed Sfs, the angel 
of the Lord, wbicb went before tbe camp of 
Isnel* resBored and veni behind them, and it was 
adond of dsrlcness to Pbataoh and bis husl, bat 
gave lif bt bjr niibt to Mom-s auJ tbe Israelites. 

St. Cadoc and ih$ bend of robberM (siJtth 
ooDtor}'). When a band of robbers came 
to ]iillfi-c I.l:iiio:arvon, in Wales, St. 
Cadoc weut agamot them with his monks, 
ka^inif aadtingiog. As they dnir night 



CLOT'DY PILLAR— COCK CROW. 



St. Cadoc and his monks were bathed in 
celestial light, but the robbers were en- 
veloped in vtich thick darkiicns that they 
turned back, and left the monastery un- 
molested.— Recs, JbtMi 0/ tkt OniArp- 
British SainU. 

God tpcaks to St. B^uHina oaf of th» 
frri/ p\ll<ir (a.m. 313). The enif>oror 
Maximinns II. renewed in the Ka«t tbe 
nerseention set on foot by his predecessors 
Diocletian and Maximian, nn i the sninti 
had a fearful looking fiTU 'ir in before 
them. It was at the be^inmn^' of this 
reign God told Basilissa that her husband 
Julian would pass throui(h mneh tnbala^ 
tion before he enter* i inti ^'I tv, Imt *Ji:it 
she herself would be takeu from the evils 
coming on Um saints. SasUissa, who 
was the superior of a larir** convent, tohl 
her dan^hters " what ha<i been revealed 
to her, and exhorted them to purify them- 
selves, and trim their lamps, that they 
mi^ht be read)' tu meet the oridegroom 
Bt .v liriUiver hour He might come. As 
she thus spake the ground shook under 
her, and a pillar of fire appeared, from 
Uie midst of which tlie voice of the 
Almightv spoke, !»ayiug, *'All these 
virgins, liasilissa, of which you are the 
superior, are beloved of Me. Come, ya 
blessed, and enjoy the kingdom prcparad 
for you from the foundation of the 
world." This warning was not in vain, 
forBaailinaaod all her sainUy daughtcn, 
to the num!)cr of a thousand or there- 
abouts, died within six months ; and 
scarcely had ttiey been gathered into 
God's gamer, when the fire of persocotion 
broke out with great vehemence, and 
.Julian, with m i t if his cs inn mions, 
witnessed the faith with their blood.^ 
he» F«Ht$ BoUaniiiUM (7th adil. 1880)> 
rvL L p. 985. 

Oodk. Grow 

Matt ixrl. 75. And Peter Hmembcreil 
tlx" wunt of Jr>r^^ whlcb ojilil. B(»1«f« the coc* 
.-r,.v, tli'ii; 'ilKi'.i il^iiy Mi.' tl"ii'». And he 
wont out, and wept buirrly. (Mari. safs, " Be- 
fm ths ooek ciow twlos." etc) 

Torello the hermit cilk J to ^pnitirv^t 
btf tht croiftVif/ uj a Mck (▲,!>. IJ8~). 
I'oreUo of Tuscany was broujht up by 
pious parents in the fear of th< Lord, and 
m youth vras a mode! of pietv ; but hit 
father dyin;,' wlicn he w.is hv. i iin- into 
manbof>d, he was led astray by evil com- 
panions, and lived a most dissolute life. 
One day while he was playing nt bowls*, 
a cock jum{ ed on bis shoulder and 
hs^ to CIOW. It Mamad ta TonUo to 



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CX>]f PACTS Wim ifATAV. 



[Pr. I. 



Bay, '* It i« tiine to shake oft the sleep of 

eiii. ' This it did thrice, and Tordio Moa 
so profouadlf impressed, that im- 
inedtately quitted his cumf>aDior!i, went 
straight to the abbey of St. Fid<>, and 
^iili tears in his eyes begged to be 
admitted h» u lay brother. The request 
WM giaatedf and Torclto sooo showed 
himself so exemplary in all Christian 
duties, that " sa vje saintc lui ine'ritA les 
faveurs celestes." — Le$ FeliU litdlamiigte* 
(7th edit. IMO), toL ili. p. 461. 

GompAot^ With Satan. (8ia 

DkVIL nKFEATKD.) 

Matt. Tilt. 2H-aa. \Vheo Jesas wss eosM 
to the country sf the QemseiMs, there met him 
two p o ss w t J with devils, coBlnf est of the 
combik eseeeding fleroe. as tbsi iu» saaa eoold 
I»a • by that waj. AnI. behold, thejr cried 
out, Mying, What have we to do with T!»w. 
J^-Hua, 'I bou Son of «Jrd? art Tlioii omi t 
tortnint u« before the time? Now tli> ro v.(i.-» 
« ffMoil w.iy frmii thfin a hen! of pwino 
fi nUiiR ; fo til'' lll•vll^ l><•^.unbt lliiii, sayliiK, 
ll rinm < ast \i* out, ."ufTtT us to fto aw ij' into 
th':- herd of swine. And .losu* t^ald, <io. And 
wli-ii tlif-y Wi re coux' out, th 'jr went Into 
the herd of itwinr; and, lu! the wbole herd of 
•wine ran violently down the sleep iBls the ses, 
and perished In the watPi*. 

QiUs of tortwfal makes a compact with 
tAe dcvU (A.D. 1 190-1265). [W« have all 
read aliout mcMi making cnmpncts with 
the devil, and tlic tale of Dr. Fuusttis has 
ooon repcnU'd in prose, yltsp. nnd drama 
times out of mind ; but this biography of 
Giles of Poitogai is pvcn in all good 
h.ipio;,'Taphie8, not as a tale, but a s^orious 
histoiic fact. It stands in Uie Acta Sanc- 
Urmn of ttie old UoUandists, and is re- 
peated a« B nth on tic histor}' by Mgr. 
Gut^rin, fhamberliiiu of pope Leo XIII., 
in the l\ tits Boliandist^s (1880). I'opc 
Benedict XIV. gives his sanction to the 
•torff wad tiie «ndent jounud of the 
kini^js of I'nrtii^'rtl makei* mention of this 
Buu of Vagliaditos, counsellor of his 
Majesty Seaeho I. et Portogal. 

These remarks are necefMiry to show 
that what follows is accepted, not as a 
mere tale or legend, but as* larioiiesnd 
undoubted historic fact, j 

Egidius, or Giles, was the sen of ft Porw 
tugtiL'se iiijipnnte, and, liein^; the tiiir 1 - n, 
was, according U> Purtugueae ciisioni, 
destined for the Church, and in due 
time was admitted into the univemity of 
Coimbro. Here he greatly diKtinguished 
himself, and ultimaUly t.t«rtt'd fur Tjiris 
to study ptedicine. On his road thither 
» peiMMB of tell ststttTe and Invge bone 
Mioosted him. "Seignior," taid tb« 



stranger, " good day. Tou have a long 
journey before you." " Yes," said Giles ; 
"I am going to Paris." •'Exactly so," 
said the stranger; **to stady medteine, 
if I mistake not." Giles, L^rr- itly surprised 
that this stronger should know so much 
about him, expressed hh ast<ini«hment; 
but the stranger remarked, *' Oh, I know 
all the secrets of men's hearts, and can 
teach you to do the same, if you are 
willing; to learn." The bait was too 
tempting to be rejected by a yooni; 
student, and he at once rlo<;cd with the 
offer; whereupon the devil took him up 
as easily a.s if be had been a straw, and 
carried him to a high mountain, which 
opened of its own accord, and admitted 
both iii!<i nil enormous cavern. Here 
Satan preseuted Giles with a schedule con- 
taininf the terms of the contract. Satan 
to teach Ciiles all the j^oicnoes known 
lo man, and give him wealth as much us 
he desired, and Giles was to consign his 
soul to ttetaa, both in this life and in 
that wfaieh is to come. Having agreed 
to the bond, he opened a V( in uid signed 
it with his blood. He remniucd iu the 
cavern seiren years, learning diabolic 
secrets, and was then set at liberty to 
enjoy amonf^t men bis wonderful know- 
ledge, and give full din;,,' to hi» passions. 
Amidst ail his carnal affections and 
diabolic pomaits, he never forgot the 
Vir^'in M iry, nnd wn.s constantly repeat- 
ing his Aix Maria; for, amidst all his 
wealth and honour and self-indnlgcnci^ 
he was fsir from happy. One day, when 
the dt.-v)U were more (iressing than 
usual, he cried aloud, *' Mary, save me ! " 
The devils fled in affright, and v^rioea 
in the air cried, "Allelujah! thou art 
?ived!" Kf^idius now burnt all his 
books, broke his alembics, and went to 
Valence, where he entered a monastery of 
the Dominican order, and for seven years 
was distinguished for his fastings, long 
orayers, silence, tears, and penances, 
whcivby be won the esteem of all the 
\ brothers ; and one night, while he was at 
J rr vf ', t'lo Viri,'in ilury broucht him 
ba^k the compact which he had signed. 
From this moment he was noted for his 
crstasies, his miracles, and his preaching. 
Aft4^r being looked on ai the first of men, 
the honour of his order, nnd the favourite 
of the Virgin, be died the death of the 
rigliteous, m a.d. IS65. (See St. Thico- 

rilii.rs IIKKAK8 Hit COXFACV WItM 
iSATA.v, ti. y4.) 

St. Or&jorn Thaumaitoytu* ffite$ 

Satama dij>lu$mi», St. Gregory, aumamcd 



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fr. I.] 



CONSUKKD BUT NOT DUmnsmtD. 



«7 



** Thntimatargns," cleared tbe temple of 
Apdlln of "ahagc eompany of devils ;" 
and when, ocxt mominp:. the heathen 
prients were about to enter for their 
daily adniinistrntion, tlicy were met at 
the doors with tbe mort hideous yelln ; 
the detrib clamonriog, Wt csnoot enter 
with yoa now, because Gregory has 
driren us out." They then told the 
priests which road the than mature had 
taken, and where they wnijld flnil him. 
So the priests and dcvib sUirtcd to^clher, 
and soon overtook him. Like the imaKC- 
makcn of E|)betm«, (hey heaped abuse 
on him for tpoiling tneir craft, and 
taking nwny their ^in«. ('.Tf^'^tiTv 
answered ttiem mildly, and axked for a 
writing tablet. When it was handed to 
him, be wrote nn it tbes* wortl* • "' .re- 
pr>ry to Satnnaa, kntkb ; " and, inintliug 
tt to tho {iriest of Apollo, told him to 
lay it on their altar, and with this 
diploma tiie devils returned into tiic 
t4 tuple, nnd the priests contioaed to give 
responses as before. — St. Gregory of 
Kyaw, lMie$ of &Bmt$ (a.d. 880-SM). 

TliU l< on« of th« mo»t mjinrclloin ifnrfi-« Iti t^e 
'.asciMla of th« «ainu, and It I* moat tmrphcxiutt Ui 
■Ml«ilm4 to wtot tiM OMftt of Iht wt rawMk Cur- 
adnlrlbtlMM* jrtfMtOlliCdwrim ntH tat (bm Oory 
9t< M.m » H tM^^wti ^ja » m s—piMdii wtdi ml. to 

Si. -il fiirfiTs the devil to abide in 
Oe titer Atjne [a.v. 700). St. Wodoal 
waa a native of Ireland, who went to 
Gnul, where he was pencmlly cnllcd St. 
Vou*'. At the time when he lived the 
devil possessed great power at Soissons, 
and carried oflp a thirteenth p.irt of fill 
those who parsed down the " rue du 
Mont-Hcvers." ,St. Wodoal, resolvt d to 
put an end to this fri^'htful state of 
alFain, marthalled the |><-'>ple, and com- 
manded them to pass him onu hv one. 
The I'lfSt twelve passed. an<l nothing 
occurred ; when the thirteenth cnnie up, 
Satan put in his claim, but St. ^^■ <! «ul 
cried aluud, " Avaunt thee, Sutnn 1 t»ff 
with thee to hell, thy own abode." Forced 
to abtyt ^ devil besought the laint not 
to eaat him into the pit, but to nant hin 
a dwellin;:-place k-s* wnlrhed ; so St, 
VVo<ioal told him he might betake himself 
to the river Aisne, below the Tower 
Ijinlier. Kver after, a priest n^ied to go 
evtry year to conjure the devil not to 
quit the tower. (Un prctre alia tous les 
ani conjurer le d^on dans cette tour, oh 
U avait UaUi m n<udenoc.)— L*abbd 
Ptfehenr, AmmUn din IHocut d$ SoiuBm, 

Conataattaie and Asoka (tU 



paralleligms between them). (See Ckom 
IN THE Sky.) 

Asoka, k'tii] of Meqadha^ the prototi/pe 
of Constanttne. The resemblance l)etween 
Huddhaand (lirist, linddhism and Chris- 
tianity* Aeoka and Conatantine, is so 
mMTelloue, tiial thouf^h htdtory is pro- 
verhiftlly known to rcpi .it it'-rlf, no 
repetition of all hiatury is more striking 
than this. Bnddha, we are told, had an 
immaculate conc(-[>tioD and niSraculons 
iucamation. Buddha was said to be 
omniscient. Buddha worked miracles. 
Buddha had to stn^orle with the power 
of evil in the j ungle of Uvwcla. Buddha 
was visited in infancy by wife men. The 
number in the cane of Christ it not given, 
but those that visited Buddha were five. 
Continiiinjx this repetition: Constantine 
lived about three hundred yearti after 
Christ ; Asoka lived about three hundred 
years after Ituddha. Before the battle of 
Hubra, the Christian religion had been 
rundown by fri;:htful persecutions; but 
('onstantine, after bis conversion, became 
its nursing father, and the religion of 
Clirist spread rapidly in all direetions. So 
A&oka, king of MagaJha, liegan by bein;; 
a relentleae pereecutor of the Buddhists ; 
but, being converted *' by a miracle," be 
became a mont zealous defender of the 
Buddhist faith. Like C'onstnn; ;n- , lie 
built religioue bouses, endowed viharas 
or nonaeterict \ and* ntider Ui fsetarinf 
care, Buddhiam apicad rapidly in aU 

directions. 



Itfe MM mtmptl 
DktrfcU'aiiMMiM^ I 

ftxUisaeiMiarr 



tn In Mr Rloe 

rwir 



Consumed Imt not dimlnlBhed. 

(See i:i.i.)AH AND TMB WlOOW OV 

Zaukphath.) 

1 Knraa xvH. 14. Thui mlth the Loid Ood 
of Israel, Tlie barrel of meal iball not waalab 

ti'Mlher shall the rmlfle of oil Ml, till Ibe dajT 

th it tbe Lord eendeib rain upon tbe eurtb. 

T/ie c'tjuiu-s burnt on the tomb of Euchtr 
dimtnishcd not (a.i>. 738). The body of St. 

KucIkt \V)is drjiosiit'd in tin- ahbey t li;:r 'li 

of Orleans, and it was observed that Uie 
candlee which burnt on hie tomb dimin- 

ishetl not in burning, and that tho oil of 
tbe lamp:} multiplied itself eenbihly, and 
cured ninny afflicted with sundr>' diseases. 
— Lcs I'ciks BoUandistcs^ vol. ii. p. C05. 

The candles set before the Lady at Arrai 
ncrcr duninish. " The candles that hurno 
before the blcesed ihrine of our i>ady at 
Arrae, doe hnme withmit waating or 
dimiotttioo, without leoeaving aaj addi* 



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m ooimmsfONS nr 



Hon of matUr to fe^de and presen'e the 
lij;ht." — S. Hairnet (afterwards arch- 
bishop of York), I'cpitk linpottmre (1004), 
p. 105. 

The mnUn humt h>i Pf. Orarult^ before 
the iimaq* tkt Kir*/in waitfd not (a.d. 
1646-1^). Jotan Qmn64 wm ft Mtivt 

of Carmona, jn Andalnu^ia. }\c wan an 
acolyte in the parish church, whose duty 
was to light the cmndles on the Virgin's 
altar. He used in boyhood to pn^Htrate 
himself so long before the image, that 
the sacristan Kcoldoi him for wasting the 
OMdles by his long pravcri. **Ulaino 
vn Mif ** wid tiw boy ; "doyoanotsM 
thnt the candles, thmnxh they bum, 
diminish not ? " The sacristan took minute 
observation, tomd it was even wo^ eftUtd 
other* to witness, and the boy was ao- 
eonnted a young saint. — Le$ Petitt BUIan- 
distfSy vol, vi. p. 434. 

The lamp of St. Geimiive m St, Denis 
bams perpetuaUy^ M tk^ 08 is not 
diminish^. Mgr. Gu^rin, chamberlain 
of pope Leo XIII., tells us there is a lamp 
in St. Denis's Church before the shrine of 
St. Genevieve, the oil of which is always 
eonsumed bntnever diminished in quantity. 
This standing *• miracle " is still more 
noteworthy, in thai the priests constantly 
trice of uit oil for reniMtal purpoMt.— 
Les Pctits lioilimilistes, vol, i. p. 100. 

ic<ix cittuUes of at Hermann^ though 
consumed, dnninisksd nof (a.d. 1280). 
When St. Hermann said mass he was 
generally in an ecstasy, and remained in 
hilt-nt prayer bmg aftt-r others; some- 
timea for thrae hours or mora. Com- 

I»laiat> wcra mada aitalnat Um for need- 
cssl}- wasting the wax candles ; but it 
was proved beyond a doubt, that however 
long he remained laviahed in communion 
with hig(iod, the wax candles never burnt 
further than if they had In-vn used for 
thirty minutes. AnoUier thin;; was also 

Jrovadbayondn doubt, viz. that although 
ia inflnnitiaa ware very great, they all 
loft him the monxMit he ii<r< ti(lo<l the 
altar. — Life of St. JJcrnuinn (UoUandists), 
April 7. 

St. fJd'rin/j fjites dirrrg ijifta rrhich trcre 
nnt dunintshed 6// beimf cvnsuiiud (a.I>. 
I.'ISO- lA'Mi). St. Lidwina was very chari- 
labl«^ and her Spouae, Jesus Christ, 
wisbtniir to show the worid how greatly 
Tlo approved nf hor lilu rnlity, iii.-idf her 
gifts self-renewing. Thus, when she gave 
a fore-quarter of beef to thirty poor 
families, they f«*d daily on the meat, hut 
the quantity never diminished. When 
■be pat » little wtet in a bottle for • poor 



LARQK NUMBCT8. {Vr.h 

epileptic woman, the wine increased and 
filled the whoh- l>ottle. 

One of her brothera, who bad charge 
of the femily, died la debt Udwtai, 
having some money for ulnis, put it into 
a purse, and told one of her relativea, 
named NIehoIae, to pay off the debts. 
The whole amount of money thnt I.idwina 
put into the purse was eight fmnos ; but, 
after paying all the debts, the nurse con- 
tained above forty fraao, whicn waa dio> 
tributed to the poor. The family called 
the purse La fionrs^ de Dim. — Life of 
8t* Lidwina. (Her life was compiled by 
I John Qerlae her cousin, and John Walter 
her confessor.) See Acta Snnctorum bt 
the UoUandists, April 14, vol. ii. p. 287. 

It b not ureotdlng to our noUon* of honait)' for Lid> 
win* lo inkj otf her iwathar'i drbu with BlrrM-iitonrr. tf 
■Fi-r^lJiriM of r*IU<oni or cbarlUMe •nripttn ditl >u ia 
KogU nd, I M«P«i^^ur wm^ttnim vouU b« down upoa 

Conversions in JjBXgB ZToill* 

bers. (Sec in Index.) 

After the three years' ministry of Christf 
vrith twelve apoeUm smd seventy H so ifi s* 
as fellow-workers, and tite pover of 
miracles possessed by all, ire read (Acts i. 
15), The numbers of names together 
were about an hiwdied and twenty 
[converts]." 

After the preaching of Peter and the 
apostles on the day of Pentecost, we read 
(Acts ii. 41), "And the same day theet 
were added unto tko diaeiplaa abovt thnt 
thousand souls.** 

Isa. Ix. 8. Who are these that fly aa • 
olottd, and aa dorea to their windowa? 

Cb n eertfem 6v St. Vineent Ferrier (a.ik 
1357-1419). Let no one feel astonished 
that the preaching of St, Vincent Ferrier 
was with such power of the Holy Cihoeti 
that wh(de nations were bom in a day. 
Thus we read of eighteen hundred Moors 
and Turks being converted by him ; of 
twenty-fire thomand hcretica and aehia- 
matlea bein^ won by him to tiie trao 
faith ; of countlo*H thnus.md!* of jx-nsant*, 
ignorant of true religion as the heathen, 
taught the way of salvation more per- 
fe<'t!y : of idiots and children taught to 
make the si^n of tlie cross, and to re})cat 
the lord's Prayer, the Creed, the Ave, and 
the Saivi rnita, and even to invoke the 
all-hallowed names of Jeana and of Marr, 
lie won froui tht ir evil ways morr thna 
a hundred thousand evil livers; he made 
many and many women of sliameleee 
character sinle'^s ;i«t the saint.4 in li^ht ; 
iinally, preaching at Tortosa against 

Benodiet Zlli., llw ■ohiamatio pope^ 1m 



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CORN EUUS— CRIPPLES HEALED. 




orex aueea Margaret, widow of don 
llstlia, kiDf of Arogon, who enterad 
into the convent of Barcelonftj and there 
•ndsd her days in the practice of trae 
humility and* repentance. — Mgr. Guerio 

iim), Tm i9$ amUt vol. ir. p. m 
alius the Gsnturion. 

L 1-4. Umbm «M • OHtatn nuin in 
TanMrn* % OMtnrioo of Uie 
ItoilUl taai AdafMI BMPi Hid one that feared 
QodTB* mm te a vMoa evUenUy. aboat the 
ninth boor of the day, an angel of Qod,Mjli|g 
to him, Cornelias, thy prayera and tidiie alnui 
are come up for a memorial before God. Now 
■end men to Joppa, and call for one Simon, and 
ki ilWU Mi thM Whift Ihoo onghteet to do. 

An arujel appears to St. Patrick. St. 
Paitrick, in his Om/esston, aays, "I was 
Mtioandly ignorant, and hated »tiidy 
fc — bovhood. A free and open'life in 
Ifao fields was mj delight. But being 
made a captive, and sent to keep sheep, 
a desire of prayer came over me, and 1 
passed wholo &f§t and sometimes whole 
nights, in communion with Gfd. Six 
years was I in captivity, vet was I happy. 
Dm Biriit an angel of 6od appeared to 
■o and said, ^IfauB, thy pmyan and 
Ihy fiwtings haro eomo «p for nemofials 
before God. Yon shall return soon to 
yoor own land, for the days of your 
oaptiri^ art drawing to a close.' I now 
fled, and arrived at the const, where I 
found a ship in which I cfiiburked, and 
arrived in time at my native land." — 
Aeta Scmfitontm (BoUandiBte), toI. U. 
Manh 17, pp. MS-MS. 



Ori 



.pple8 healc 
urrauunM.) 



healed. (S«e fiowao 



Acn xlv. a-10. There sat a certain man at 
LyKtra Impotent in bis fret, being a cripple who 
mvcr htui walked. The same heard I'aul 
speak. And Paul, f^eadfaKtly b<-holdlng liim. 
and perceiving he bad f.<lth to be healod, wUI 
with a loud voice, Stund upriRhi on tliy feci. 
And the cripple leaped and walked. 

Acts 111. A oerta-n man lame from bin 
■Mtber's womb was laid dally at the gate 
Beaotlful to ask alms of tbcm that 
tbe temple. Saring I'eter and John 
^bool to ID Into tbe temple^ he asked ains. 
fMer mUi SUvtr and ' ~ 
Mek as I Ml 
J* 

Immediate! J his ankle-hones received strength, 
and leaping up ft'joil, and walked, and 
CDiered with Peter blu'\ hihw Indi the temple, 
walking, and leaping, and pruiMUK H(nl. 

Matt. xv. 30, 31. Great muttitu'lrs came 
to Jeiiu«, luivliig with tbem tho-e th.it were 
p, maimed, and many otbern. aiul ( a.«t them 
I at ths fset of Jsaas ( and Ha heated ib«n s 



Met asM, SUvtr and ipld have I nonc^ tat 
sek as I have ^ I ttiea. In tbe ngiM of 
esaa dirfat of Nasareth rise up and walk. 



they saw the maimed whole, and the lame walk : 
and tbey glortOed ibe Ood of IsfasL 

St. Ambrose of Siena, bom a crippU^ 
mu an Adonis aftmpard$ (a.d. 1220- 
1286). When St. Ambrose of Siena w.<ij 
bwn ha was a fearful ohiect ; his arms 
wwe gliiad to bis lidet, Ua Icfft to bio 
thighs, and his face was so dark and out 
of proportinn that his mother was horri- 
fiea. He was confldid to a wet nurse, 
named Flora, who covered up the child's 
face when she took it abroaa, to conceal 
the Uttle deformitv from pablic ga/o. 
When • 7«tr old the ohild's delight was 
to bo in St. Moddeiiw*s, the neigboounng 
church, and to hear the monks chanting 
the different services. He would cry to 
be carried Ham, aod was iaooBsoUble 
when taken awav The monks and their 
assistants noticed this with curiosity and 
surprise. One day, as the child was in 
tho diapel, he drew his arms, hitherto 
glmd to luf (tide, ont of bis swaddlingw 
clothes, and lifted them towards heaven, 
saying quite diatinctly three tiroes, 
"Jesus, Joiat, Jcma." On hearing these 
exclamations mmf lan to the »pot, drew 
off the swaddling-iilotttes, and found, not 
only the arms free, hot the legs straipcht- 
ened, and the fioo to beootiful and fair 
that they deemed it flie flue of ea ongel. 
The nurse was overjoyed, and tho mother 
gave laige alms to the church. Till the 
age of leviB his amusements were cutting 
out crop«f>a, flrcssinfr oratories, singing 
hvmns, and joining religiuua processions, 
lie would never go to sleep without a 
Virgie to cuddle; and a boiok with the 
piotnree of saints wm aa endlese delight 
in him. — Le K. P. Jean Baptiste Feuillot^ 
Annfy Dojninicaine, vol. iii. March 26. 

St. Anthontf of Padna resUnrs a man^$ 
leg which had bren nit off (1195-1231). 
A man in Uie confessional told St. 
Anthony of Pedna that he had kicked his 
mother ; whevmpea the Mint said to him 
sharply, **The floottiuit eonld kiefc oneV 
mother ought to be cut off." Tbe man 
on his return home actually cut off his 
foot When St. Anthony wee told lhcie> 
of, he ordered the maimed man to be 
brought to him, and, making the sign 
of the cross on the mutilated limb, the 
foot was restored again. (See St. Fktvs 
or Yrroxa, p. 71.)— Edward Kineemai 
(1623), Litis I./ the SiiittSs 

St. Awjustine cures and restarts the lerf 
of Instooentitu. While St. Augustine was 
in Carthage, he lived in the house of 
Inaoceotius, a deputy lientenant, who 
" np ef A aoM l«g« One part of 



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70 



CRIPPLES 



HEALED. 



the limb bad been cut off, and the sttr- 

{reon was preparing to take off fhe whole 
e^r to prevent the spread of the pnnprene 
to vital parts. St. Au^^isline prayed, 
and the l^waa not only instr.nth' healed, 
Imfc erco toe amputated uut waa restored. 
^PowidiiM (bishop of Calanwntta), Life 
of St. A^i-fuff u'-. 

CntKertne \ utl, a crxppU, healed miracjt- 
! /•/ m the chapel of Lau* (a.d. 1665). 
Many niirnrles being reported to be 
wrouf^ht iu the chapel of Laus (2 syl.), the 
Ticar-general of the diocese, accompanied 
by aereiml diatinguiibed geotlemen, went 
to exMnim hrto u« matter. While thii 
eMtmination was goinir i>n, ('ntlirrine 
Vial, a dreadful cripple, was brtnifiht to 
the church. Her limbs were entirely 
withered, and so folded back that they 
seemed stuck to her bodv. No pooner 
had she entered the chapel than ohe was 
comiilcteijr cored ; and wheoy in October, 
a month afterwards, a proeeerion was 
formed to tlmnk the Vir^nn, Catherine 
Vial, ibe late cripple, carried the banner. 
The ▼icar-gener.il. who was a personal 
witness rf \h> miracle, ninde the prods^ 
verhalf and hmi it signed by eye-wit- 
nesses.— Mgr. Gu<frin (chamberlain of 
pope Leo Ktn de$ 3amt$, toL t« 

Gujranna Maronh, a cripple, was rttred 
jt the tomb of at. Chariea Borromeo (Jnly 
19, A.n. 1604). Giovanna, daughter of 
Giovanni Baptista Maronis, citizen of 
Milan, bad from her birth her legs and 
feet so paralyzed that she could in no 
wise ate them. The jointa of her kneea 
were out of plnce, and «ihe eonid twirl 
lur left's this way or that, like ropes, tofsg 
them over her shoulders, and turn them 
about jnat as die pleated. When this 
sad cripple was four vmrs old, Jier 
mother took her to the tomb of SL 
Charles Horromeo. and made her praj^'er 
to the saint. While ahe waa atiU piaymg 
the child waa ettred ; and the ran home 
leapirif; and pkippinjr. like any "th< r 
robust and healthy child, full of animal 
Spirits. — TTie Buil of Canonuation. 

Mari]nti!<i ^^on{ls, a cripple, cured by 
bcinff Imd un ti^e tomb of St. Charles 
Bvrromeo (June 29, A.D. 1601). Mar- 
garita, daughter of AngcUo Montis, of 
Milan, was bom a cripple. Her legs 
were twi.stfd to;:('ther, so that the solos 
of the feet were turned upwards, and the 
insteps wers toned vnder. When this 
sad cripple was five years old, her mother 
carried ncr to the tomb of St. Charlea 
BonoBiMk lad crmd hii belp^ olleiiag 



at the same time a wax candle to the 
saint. When the sick child set light to 
tlie candle her right foot was set ptrai^;ht 
and put in its place. After a time tdie 
went a second time, and lighted another 
auidle, wherenpon her left kg was set 
straight also. Both were now of one 
length, both were quite sound and wi 
formed ; but to the day of her deatii ittie 
carried a slight mark or scar to keep 
fresh in lier n>nu)ry the miracle bv which 
she was made whole. — The 'Bull of 
Canonization, 

^enmne Mmdtt a cripple, healed Ms 
AifsrwmsHNi of St. Pirmeie ttf PeuUa^ M 
ICni. Peronne Rault rf Calais was a 
dreadful cripple who w«>Dt on ciiitobes, 
and also required the help of an attendant. 
Many of her bones were out of joint, and 
one of her lej^s was six inches shorter 
than the other. iSlie got worse instead 
of better, and for the last three months 
eottld only be moved abovt in a wheel- 
chair. 'Iliis [ itiable object resolved to 
keep a neuvaiae iu the chapel of St* 
Francis of Paola, in order to obtain hisia- 
tercej-'si m. Thf mynl physician i»frMrT_'ly 
dissuaded lier, and as.>»ured her Uiat 
nothing could be of the least service to 
her. Uowever, so fixed and so laaoived* 
On tiie fourth day of tiie nenmfaie, the 

octave of Hio sriirit';< fi'to, nftiT mass, 
the girl was seised with a sudden pain 
and extraordinary weakness, dntini^miisli 
she felt her bones iTif>ving about, her 
muscles stretching, and a humour spread- 
ing all over her limbs. She heard a 
eraokinfp noiae as the bones got fitted 
intothetr sockets and her limb lengthened. 
PresfTitlv '■lu; f'HiTnl h.T.-cIf I'liflrelv 
healed ; and, after a second wh&i of 
patitude, she left her cmlebes, walked 
home without asuistance, and lived a 
fairly long life. Her crutohes were long 
sus[)ended in the chapel in remembrance 
of this roiracntons cure. The bishop of 
Bnologne **ftt fSaire nne information jnri- 
diNU lie cc grand e'vem nirnt, et, apres 
avoir reconnu que c'c'tait un veritable 
miracle, il en permit la publieatfoo, et 
une reconn.iijisnnce solcnnflle par un Te 
Drum." — L<s J'iiUs BULuuiUles^ vol. iv 
169, 170. 

St. Ovdula KeaU the cripple child of a 
poor tpcman (A.D. 711). One frwtr 
momin;; St. Gudula, on leaving church, 
saw a poor mother carrying on her t>ack 
a dumo child, who was also a cripple. 
The boy waa bowed double, and couM 
not even feed himself. St. Gadula, 
fssfesnlng Iwr ejis apon the groap^ took 



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Fr.I.] 



CRIPPLES HEALED. 



71 



the cripple in her arms, and prayed God 
to have mercy on him. Immediately 
hi* ttabboni joiatt became rapple* his 
hack itnigfateiiad, and, hit tmi^oe being 
loosed, the child cried out aloud, " See, 
mother, tee ! " and he leaped, and ran, 
aod skipped, rejoicing in his new*f(niiMl 
strcn^h. St. CJudula begged the woman 
to tell no one, bat she published it 
abroad, and all knew that it was St. 
GadaU who had wnNi(riit the roiracu- 
lons care.— Hnbot (1047}, Lif« of St. 
Gttdula. 

Lauiner healt a crippig (sixth 
century). Par la virta d« taint sacrifice 
de la mes^e, St. I>aumpr rondit ruHn;;e 
parfait des jainlK;.s h un enfant qui cuiit 
cxtremement boiteux.— Xtf AttttitoMHS- 
di$t€$, vol. i. p. 472. 

i%0 eripph Pammoe 8^fhau$er evred 
6v St. M. inrnd (IHGl). The following 
is a letter, written March 9, 1861, from 
Bninschofeo, near Wyl, in the eantoa of 
St. Gall :— 

•* It gives me unspeakable pleasure, my 
dear uncle, to communicate to you the 
following nenr^ which haa fllled the 
whote canton with joy. A ehfld of the 
canton of St. Gall, eight ycnri? nlil, nunu d 
Pancrace Schafhausen, was a cripple, 
wholly bedridden. Bia limbs were 
twisted the wrong wny. and when ho 
moved, he crawled about on all fours. 

Dr. W , of Wyl, attended him, but 

proflonnced ttie case hopeless. He was 
taken to Einsieden, and made his petition 
to the Vir>;in on the Gth March, at eight 
o*clock in the morning. The same hour 
tiie ^ild rose np, and stretching forth 
hia hands, exclaimed, ' Mother, see here ; 
1 can walk now ! ' Many saw him, and 
an cried with one voice, 'A miracle! a 

miracle ! ' Dr. W visited the child, 

and was astonished beyond measure when 
his patient ran to him and gra««ped his 
hands, saying, * Doctor, doctor, I can 
wBlk nowl^ •Incfcdiblol* ened the 
doctor. •! can scarcely believe my 
eyes ! ' But young Pancrace walks daily 
to school, and plays about like other 
children."— R. P. Dom Charlca Baodca, 
Lif0 of St. Memrcui. 

St. P/'tt-r (if Vernivi restores a mati'a 
foot which had been aU off (a.d. 1200- 
IMt). One dayn man came to St. Peter 
of Verona, and, in his confession, acknow- 
ledged he had kicked his mother. St. 
Peter reprimanded him severely, and 
taid, " Toe foot which could do that ou^ht 
to be cot off." The penitent, on leaving 



foot. When St. Peter heard what <he 
man had done, he went to him, and, 
making the ttsn of the eroas, restored 
the foot to ita original state. — Acta 
Sanctonm (BoUaadlate), iLpril ». 

Tba UuMmi Ids hMH «r Mmf sT Mm 
QW'Wmsssp.l (BwbMlw. Ir Bueim.) 

St. OdUo, the cripple fiealed bi/ the 
Virgm Maru. When a little boy, Odilo 
was a pernet cripple, dettitnte of all 

powor in his limbs, to that he conld not 
move without help. One day hit nurae 
left him with her bundles on the porch 
of St. Mary's Church, while she went to 
buy foo<l. By some means the child 
contrived to crnwl into tlie church, and 
even to touch the altar veatmenta. The 
Virgin took pity on him, and conde> 
Bccnded to intercede on his behixlf. Hil 
nurse wa« greatly alarmed on her return, 
in not tinding the child where she had 
laid him ; and, entering,' the church, what 
was her astonislinicnt at seeing him 
.«campcring about the aisles, hiding be- 
hind the pillars, and immeatanbly joyous 
in hit new-foand s t reng th ! Jotnld telit 
us, "lest this incident should bo thought 
incredible, I must inform you that I 
heard it from tiiote to whom St. Odilo 
himself was wont to relate HL^^-^Acta 
Sanctorum, vol. i, .Jiiu, 1. 

Cripples healed at the tomb of Sf. Rieul. 
St. Hieul, bishop of Adea and Senlia, 
died A.n. 180, and many miiaefei were 
performed at his tomb. A ptmr cripi le 
from Auxerre, being carried to Seolis, 
and laid on the tomb of the saint, wat 
instantly cured, and went into the church 
leaping and shouting for joy. So ^^erfect 
was the cure, that the man walked back 
to Attxerra without fatigne. 

A lame man from uitinaii, and a 

Eoor girl from Senlis, so crippled in nil 
er limba that she moved about trailing 
her legs after her, wen botii completely 
healed in the same maaMT.— L'abbe 
Corblet, Uagiographu: Ju Dioeited' Amiens. 

MM «1m read Bornwrio'l fiMmmtnm wft 

nmMihtr that NmrrI l >S<- . ihI I>&jr) l> the story of thre* 
mimiO^ Wh* wanted U> K' ' i-'i > a cri «iUxl rhm b lU 
Tricn low* th* bo«ljr of Arrigo the new lamu Tn iircom- 
plUh Uib OM of them. iuui>«d M>nelUuo, iMgami to b* 
» betpleH cripple, whom tba oUiw two ha4 brought 
dtltbcr tobacuraS. Bm«i«wwM ■wd* for Ui« ^vtj, 
UarMOliM WM kM «■ tfM *mt body of ArtlfO. 
PrewnUr the mlmk b«mi to vtrwteh hi* flriKcrt, ih !u liU 
hnvM juui IcKx. und at but jumped up m effectu«ll> i iirml. 
The CT"wi3 vli'iulH, " A niiraHe ; a inirBcle 1 " but u WM 
only .\ well plfl>cO irlcV. T ir ■ l.- nM-rit of thii tal* U to 
•how ttwt tucti trick* w<er» mmimuiiiot plajrwl, for otbcrwU* 
lh« aton would b« wboUy wiUmmi* point. tX oour» Um 
Biwrlwa nply to. tfart tim twy wlrtum a* a temm. .~to 
pmoT ponilv* of • realitr. Ttato, bonnvcr. !■ not co • ct. 
A cottnt«rf«it mar b* onlirMlnllattoa cf ai^xiptilar I ti<^ 
Um or ualrw. at oaa la MM niSB Jaaact I. night | 



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OftOaa IN TBI 8KT. 



»nil one tn our dign might j/twttni tt i 
Umn* wbo lj«U««« In Hich a powar. 

Oroea in the Skir. (8m Saul's 
GaWBUioii, aiticU **FMeopiua.*') 

MAW. ssIt. M. Th«n dmXL appetf ibc eiga 

tbeSooofiiMii. 

Daw. vtt. 13. I MW to tbe night ▼{•!<»», and 
bel.old. one Uk« Ito 80* tf flMW CMM pB] tha 

cluuda oi Uearen. 

Achahta, kituj of the Scots, and ffunguSf 
kituj of the PictSy see a cross in the sku. 
A St. Andrew's cross apmared in the 
elonde to Adialae. king of the Scots, and 
Hunf^iis, kin;; of the Picts, the night 
before ihcir engagement with Athclstaoe. 
As they won the rictorv, thev went baie^ 
foot to the kirk of ISt. Andrew, nnri 
Towcd to adopt his cross as the national 
•mblem. — J. I^cslie, History of Scotland. 

A croM m th$ sky appears to Alonzo 
hfore the hettU* of Ourique (a.d. 1139). 
As Alonzo wfts drawinj; up his mm in 
battle array a^^ainst the M oors, the tigurc 
•f a cross appcMsd in Che CMtera sky ; 
and Christ, snspendcd on the cross, 
promised the Christian king a comjdite 
vi(-t'>ry over the infldeU. After the 
battle, Alonxo assumed for the royal 
dvviee, on a field aiirent fire eeenteheons 
aznre, charged with five Ixvnnts, in 
memorA' of the five wound* of Christ. 

T/u! emperor ConstamUm tees a cross in 
the skies. Constantine was on his marrli 
against Maxentiua, who hod declared war 
against him, and was at Home with an 
army much superior in numbers. The 
4Binperor had mardied from the Rhine, 
tliroiigh Gaul, and was froini; to Homo hv 
the way of Verona. He had parsed th<> 
AlpSf and was marching with part of his 
army towards Rome, when, a little before 
midday, he and those with him saw a 
bright cross of light in tlio clouds. In 
tb« night foUowinff. Christ appeared to 
kin in hit sleep. He had a cross in his 
hand, and commanded Constant ine to 
have a Ktandard made like it. Next 
Morning tbe emperor gave orders for such 
a standard to be made, and called it the 
Labarum, It was a gilt pole with a cross- 
bar. The top of thr polo was surmounted 
with a gold crowui set with precious 
stones, and in tha midst of the crown 
vers two Greek letters, Chi and £0 

(X» F)« MiaBgtd tins From the 

cross-bar hung a purple veil, ppangled 
and dazzling. The em fwror selected fifty 
of his best men to curry and guard thi.<i 
oaoaai. The Mtle was fought in the 



tPT.T. 

Quintian fields, near the Milrian bridge. 
'ITie foe was utterly defeated, and 
Maxentius drowned in the Tiber, Oct. 27, 
▲.D. 812. Gonstantina maw 
entered Rome in triumph, 
and always ascribed nls 
victorj- to the cross. Phi- 
lostoigins, describing the 
hturenl^ crass, says it con- 
tamai in Greek words and 
letters this inscription " By 
this conc|uer " ('C», TsSry 
Nixu). — (Jibbon, Dcclint" avid 
J-'aii, ch. xix., note ; Alban 
Botlir, LAMio/IAs AM, Sqit 14, tute: 




fta* BoniHi •MctftHM, or ttrntry llaa. wm a 

nruill K|ti)ir« plcrn of rintli fliixt on • crnto-lnr kt th4 

general arrniifcrinent, hut i>ii the lltll» iLm ilrTl»rtl 



craa from 0|>|iMile r»rrim, Kiid tcl a Gnvk p (~ mi 



le orntr«, whrn tli« crow lines cut B*> 
ha »lio ftUJiclMd a 



Vkk^ vim tiM noia, rapnMMiad a latla mom Tfes 



A cross seen in the sky soon after the 
inaiMuration of St, Cyril (a.d. 9^). St. 
Qjm wrote a deseripBon of this meteorle 

phenomenon to the emperor Constantine, 
and his letter is inserted in tlie works of 
Sozomen^s, Theophanes, Eatychius, John 
of Nice, Glycas, and others. On May 7, 
about nine in the morning, a vast 
luminous body, in the form of a cross, 
appeared in the heavens, just over the 
holy Golgotha, reaching as fkr as flie 
holy Mount of Olivet (about two miles). 
This waH seen not by one or two persons 
only, but by the whole city, and it con- 
tinued for several hours, the light from 
it being more brilliant than that of the 
sun. "The wliole eity fouiKi in thif 

ShcDomeuon tbe truth of tbe Chhstiao 
octrine, to whieli th« hcavtiw tma 
visible witness."— r>r. Om^ </ 8L 
Cyril, vol. it. p. 344. 

How thb BMtcortc phraomenon ibaaldbt apraoTof Hw 

dortrin*- of the ejfM, 1 (un «t • lov to Iniapine I nijuelf 
MW » \e n uiuuiKil plicnomcnun in the »k), .Nmv. 17, 1*M. 
and »eiU Ml •ccuunt to llie [>apcri. •'Ttie tkj (nerlkead 
tMfTMd In SuikM, and hanch at Tftrl<.<u< oiloun of v^rrnX 
lirtlliaii<7rMi tntm tli* bodjoo to Uie nurtti tti. (urmluc 
• luminowaMh. Tkt» ummUmol aaMMaaM taaHt to 
f^iU fpi<">Saarft«aM«m olIiM atalidu.'' It^mm 

In lh« iky ' 

»ri h or c 
religion. 

A cross in the sky seen lehen Julian 
attempted (" rebuild the temple. When 
Julian recalled the Jews, and employed 
them in leboilding tlic temple, tli« work 
was arrested by lire from the ground, 
earthquakes, and lightnings. Then wa 
are told that crosiw were miraculously 
•ttachad to Uie gwiBimtt al tbt 4%m 



wasafmof of ia« 
Bilsi&tSai 



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Pr.T.] 



COTTIKG A WHETSTONE 



71 



engaged in the building, and a luminous 
erOM, enclosed in a circle, anpetred in 
the cUmds.— St. Gimoiy of KMtMiifn, 
OratioH ir., agcdnti Jmkm. 

(ThfodDrct telU us (hat threra«ietmlr*cnkm(l]rattachwl 
to Um K«n»eiiii u( the Jew* wm btwck ; ilt. iiraparjr mm 
|k» wcra lumlacNM. Tb« aolutiod ti*M M^.AiMa 
fel tbk. thuU the iiu— w«r* of a pbnqilMlIt m»tm% VkA 

il croM m lAtf <A.v Mvn at Mujn^, hi M# 
diocese 1 1 I'uiticrs (Dec. 17, 18ii»)). Dec. 
17, lb2(i, at Mign^ in the diocese of 
Pnilien, at fht elote of the jnUlee, while • 

erots was bcinj; planted in the rcinetrry, 

a luminous cross was se«n in the clouds 

bv some three thousand {>erson9. Tbe sun 

Lad set about an hour and a half. The 

length of the heavenly eroM was forty 

feet, and the cross-bar between three and 

four feet. The whole crowd was seized 

with adiniratioB) and instantly fell on 

their knees; some Mtjit, some raised 

exclamations of wonder or dcli^'ht, and 

others lifted their hands to licuven, 

invokinj* the Saviour. Mpr. de Bouille, 

bishop of Poitiers, published an account 

of " thi'i miraculous apparition," and 

received two briefs from pope Leo XII. 

vpon tiie tnliject. He abo aent to the 

church of INli^e a pold cms? enclosing 

a piece of tlie true cross, ond accordrd 

plenary indulgence to all those who 

visited the church. The bishop fixed 

the third Sunday of Advent for the annual 

celebration of the pheiioimnon. — Mgr. 

GueriD, Vic* de* SumU* (IttUO), not*, toL 

iii.p.487. ' 

Bwilr ttips li no ivMoa iov nMorfns tUi vliflon 
wtnaiamL. Aa IvMUSvaOliigfraaLniMiaa to Kottin«- 
ten. Mafdi ai. ISM. I «m for • lo«i« Umw pladrnX >t 
•Mine i** th» air. toriM bundr«<l f«»t or met* froM the 

Ira'n. wli.it «>rnir<1 to n>« a irlointtc rarrlAre movliiK 
»il'ii.rt i! rri[i]<!itx A!t. t n ti llir ri-nrt lixfi I tljoovhl cf 
the >(<««'tr- ut tit* BiVM'ken In Ura llarti owuntaliii. anil 
iMd no doaM that tb» iticetr* tmnittt waa the one I waa 

St. O'u-n sees a cross tn the shies (A.f>. 
6Ui). When St. Ouen, on his return 
jonmo]^ from Spain, was in the midst of 
the country not far from I.ouviers, his 
mule stopped short and refused to move. 
Astonished at this unusual behftvioiirf St. 
Oocn lifted up bis eyes to heaven, and 
theie taw, abnre his bead, a luminous 
cross TerA' brilliant, the light of which 
ahone all around. Ciod told St. Ouen, 
•( tht same time, that Re had dcetined 
tfao apot for His serTire, and winhed to 
be honoured there. So 8t. Ouen traced a 
cress on the ^ound, and left some rdica 
there* Ue uen continued his jonmej, 
and the mole made no further ieaiatA.icv. 
All tiiaft Bi^t a piUar of fin, vaaebirg 



from earth to heaven, and more brilliant 
than the sun, an(K>ared on the wicred spot, 
and all the iniuibitants saw it. It waa 
here that St. Lenfrol, aboot a centoiy 

later, built a cbunh and a nionasteryj 
but St. Ouen had erected a wooden crosa 
on the spot, which went bv the name of 

U Croix St. Ouen."— L'abb<$ Prehear, 
Anruili-s du Diocese de Soisaons. 

A cross in t'iC sk>j seen b}/ Wahicmar II. 
of De$mark. Waideuar II. of Denmark 
M said to have teen a fiery eroea in tiie 
sky, betokening his victor}' over the 
l<l8thonians, a.i>. 1219. The king, like , 
Con Stan tine, adopted the cross as • 
standard, which was called the Danebrog 
or Danish Cloth, and instituted the Ord^r 
of Danetoog IB commemoration of thia 
vision. 

This legend la diiVnrently told ha aome 

Scandinavian chronicles. It is said that 
the Danes lost their royal banner in the 
fight, but another droptied fnm the sky 
to supply its place. It was a red flag 
with a white cross. Immediately this 
banner fell into the hands . tho ^tan<hlrd- 
bearcr the army rallied, and won a signal 
victory. Those who exphdn legends tdl 
us tliat the Danebrog -was a consecrated 
Imnner sent to the king bv the pope. 
Whatever its origin, it was long used as 
the royal standard. — Drs. Chricnton and 
Whcaton, Scandinaria^ vol. i. p. 2.57. 

'J'he anjk^ror Aujti.tt'ts sees a Vinjin and 
Child in the $ki£$, buidni tells us that, 
about the time of the Nativity, tbe 
famous oracle of AjwUo of Delphi >s l>o- 
cnine mute, and gave no more responses. 
Augnstni, demanding a reason for thia 
silence, was told bv a priest it was 
because a Hebrew child was bom, who 
was the master of the gods, and he had 
commanded them to confine themselves 
to the infernal legions. Nicephoms adds, 
that Augustus, on his return to Rome, 
erected an altar in the Capitol with this 
inscription: "Ara Pi(iMO(iKMiTi Dei." 
Mgr. Guc'rin, chamberlain of pope Leo 
Xlll., tells us ( Vies des •Sbmfs, vol. xiv. 
p. 463), D'autres autt iirs t crivent que le 
mime empereur aper^ut dans les nuea 
vne yfiagt tenant on enfant entit aet 



Cuttincp » Wliatetone with a 

Bazor. 

Tarquinius Pri!«cus of Rome wished to 4^ 
double the number of tribea ; but when 
he proposed his plan to the senate, it was 
resolutely opfKMied by Attus Navius, the 
r, woo aaid the nvmber waa fixed by 



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14 



DANIEL— DAVID. 



tiie gods to three, and fh«t do hamaA 

power conlil alter it. The kin«x indii;- 
nantly replied, ** What ! do you preteod 
to wtmA Um Bind of the gods, who cannot 
•» much as read the thoughts of a man ? 
Tell mc, if you are really so very wise, 
whether I can do Uie thin,' I am now 
thiaking of." **Yea, O king," m»lied 
the augur, «*«ho<i CMwt** •«H»1 bftf** 
rejoined Tnnjuin, ** I have 'you there. 
I was thinking if I could cut in twain 
that whetstone with a razor." "Cut 
boldly, O kin;;." Mild NaviuB, "and it is 
done." it said that the king cut the 
whctiitone, and had the good si-nse to give 
cp hu projected duuoge ia the coastita- 
tion. A ttattte wm erected in the cnmi- 
tium on the steps of the senntr h >ri-c, 
the place where this " miracle " wa« 
wroa^t, and beude the ctetoa th» vhei- 
■lone was preserved. 

Thh nrr^i In no wlw n minri*. I have ottrn clrft a 
block iiF li-i> nil <l <ilili >'> iKiirMng the Moch y> >Ili An 

onlinAri «c wtiik' III naki T:i|'i>i>i); tli« neacilc on ttits htiiul 
I tfa« handle of a pinhntir. 



Atbcrt (tOgm cui9 through an aswoU with 
a nap-hook (a.t*. 1279). Albert d'Ogna 

was a farm l.-ibounT, and lM>in^ om- i!ay 
employed as a Buperuumerary iu the 
hervest-iields, the regular farm scn'ants 
wore jpjiloii" of liiin, I>ecau'«e he worked 
faster itmn tlu-y did. In order U> iiiijjtdf 
him, they placed an iron anvil in his 
walk ; bnt when Albert came to the spot, 
be went on rea|iing, and cut the anvil in 
twtiin with his reap-hook, ju?.t if it 
bad been a wi«p of etrow. In alluMun 
to this miracle, Albert d'Ogna is repre- 
•entcd with a rcaft-honk in t'hri-^M in ;irt, 
•—Acta iianctorwn (UollandLst«), Muy 13, 
voLU. 

Dttnid MODBed of Frayw, 

Paw. vl. 4. 5. The presMrnu and princes 
sought to find occasion sKuinitt Danfel conm-n- 

liig thi' kli)p<|Mm, lull thry could flwl umio 
octAsjoii Dor Ui.ll, loriMiniuchaa be wm fiiitiitul. 
nrllher wm there any error or f)*wU rpunil in 
liiiTi. Tlirn f-:ihi the** nipii, ^Vl' ii. i (in.l 

Bl ' •(.,«(. in tuni. rM i'|il v\ I" It 

HiAiu<il lata ojucruinfi tlie Uw of hin «>otl. 

li*>y then »ccu^«l hini of praying three timea 
a day lo Und, and Im was osst Into ibe den of 
lioos.) 

St. Isidore accused of pri'jrr. St. 
Isidore was a farm Uboarer, who roused 
the jeelonsy of hie fellow^workmen by 
^'Min;,' to ni:is< ovt-ry iiiorniii;; Ix fore he 
bo^an his daily labour ; so they accused 
hiai tn the fkrmer of coming late to work 
of a morning, nnd of wasting his time in 

Ejrer. The farmer resolved to watch 
1} tad if he imnid Mm MglactiiiK hi* 



lFr.1. 

I dnty, to rebnke biro sharply or dimnias 

I him. E.'irly one iimrning, soon after- 
wards, the farmer went into the field 
which Isidore bad been set to plough, but 
wns amazed to find three ploughs it work 
instcHd of one ; two were guided by 
ancels, and the third by I.^idorc. Int«tend 
of lesa work beinffdooe than he expeetcri, 
then was fully thrivt as mueh done, and 
done a^Iniirably %vcH. The fjirnier waa 
delighted, and falling down at his 
servaatfi feet, craved his pardon for 
piving ear fn fnlse reports. liiidnre 
replied, " Ma.sicr. no time is ever lost by 
prayer, for those who pray are workers 
together with God." So the farmer 
departed, ashamed of bis anapicicm. end 
full of reven iiCf !o liis li<dy iHlmnn'r. 
As soon a» the farmer was departed, the 
angels returned to their ploo^is. — /Vom 
the Spanish, 

David *aiiid the Draught of 

Wate •. 

3 Sam. xxill. 1&-17. D tvid, fl^htlng aff vlnn 
the I'hili'itlnc!*, liecamc bo parched with thirst, 
tliat h- crittl oat. Oh t)>al one WfuU fffve 
ni« drink uf the water of the well wf lleihiebvBi, 
wblcb b bjr Ibe gate! And tbrre mlgtaj men 
broke ihrovsh the best of Ibe PbllMhiHk end 
hrotiftht water tethe king. Nevertbekss Ilavid 
vv nuui not drink It, but be peufed It oak ntito 
the Lord. 

9t, Thonuu A^MKNot and iAt fith (a.p. 

1274). In his last illness Thoman .Aquinas 
stopped at the ca«tle of Maganza, the 
M;at of his niece Francisca. Ha had 
qnite lost his appetite, but one day 
ox[irPs»ed a wish for a little piece of a 
cerl,-iin lisli whiih he nftiiu l. 'Iliis fiNh 
was not to be found in Italy; search, 
however, was made for it in all diree^ont, 
n-i 1 the dainty was procured. When 
co"ked and brought to the dyin^; nmii, hj 
refused to cat it, but gave it as an olferinip 
to the Urd.— Albaa liutler (174i>» iMf 
of the Ssinta. 

Sir Philip Sitliu-ij (tiui {he (irfiyi,]ht t>f 
frater. In the battle of ZutpbMl, S»r 
Philip Sidney, tx^ing severely wonndedt 
suffered ^re.itls f i ni thirst; whereupon 
one of the ho>t wt nt and fetched him a 
little water in a In linet. at the hazard of 
hi-* life. Sir I'hilip took the helmet, and 
as he was nusing it to his lipn, noticed a 
private lying beside him, who eyed the 
nelroet wiUi greedy eyes. " l*oor fellow," 
said Sir Philip, " thy necessity is gitat a t 
than mine ; " and he'paased the hauscl to 
tlie dying man. 

A dmaar aiK«aote^tol^of A h ma der Um OMat lo th« 



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pt. r.j 



DhAD HEARINO, SPEAKIN'G, ETC. 



SdvMii L ot SnsUml am ua« of bit WcMi Gan|w|Rii«; 

fn Jii|»«Mi itnill,* MM to to vtJSi^mS^^SS^ 
•N4 1 vffi hM« WMlnatafiArfM In iMit wiMak.'' 

Dswid in the Cs^ of AHuii^m 

(1 Sam. xxit. I, 2). 

David saved 6.y a cobweb. We are told 
in the Talmud, tiul when David, in his 
flight frn-n Smil, took reftt::!" In the cave 
of AduUani, n spider spun itis web over 
the mouth of the cave. When Saiit came 
■p and naw the cobweb, be passed on, 
liilty peratuuled that no one bad rccentl y 
•nterf 'l tlcit mvc, Of dto the web would 
Hape been broken. 

St. fVix mted hy a eo(«w6 (tiiird 
centur>*). In the persecution which broke 
out a^rain, soon after the death of DeciuK, 
St. Felix fled ; and, being closely pursued 
by ofticera wnt to apprehend liini, he 
crept through a small hole in a ruiu. 
The offic»'rs cnnif to i\w !*i>'>t, luit seeinf; 
a cobweb 8(>uo over tbe bote, they paaaed 
on, aanped in their own minds that Felix 
bad not thnt way. St. Gregitry 

says, "This was the Lord's doing. He 
sent a Htile spider to drop bis lines, and 
lace them together with the utmost 
rapidity over the place through which his 
f< T' irtt hiid cso;i[n (i." ♦ Felix, finding 
amonff tbe ruins an old wall half dug, 
hid ntmself there for mt months, and 
fed daily by a devout Chri^tinn 
woman. In Christian art, St. Felix is 
toinetimes represented witii a sender 
spinning its web. — St. (ircfxnrk- nf Tours, 
Ve Gloria Mariifrftm, hk. i, ch. lUl. 

Mtliuiiwt xaml hi/ a cobweb. WTien 
Mahomet fled from Mecca, like Darid, 
he hid in a eave, and a spider wove its 
net overtheentnnrr. When the Knrcish- 
ites came up and saw the colnvcb, they 
passed on, nding quite certain th.it no 
one could have r^H-fntly entere i lli. ivi?, 
or the cobweb would have be» n lir ik. u. 

Dead heaxing, speaking, and 



' "V V. 35. Verily, verily, I sav nnt; j 

tht liour It coming wh<»n the ile*d n> a , ; btar 
the volc«' of the Sou of Gcxl 

Ukb. xl. 4. He [Le. Atx-lJ being dead jret 
■pesketb. 

JuHM xl. 43, 44. Jeiios cried with a lovd 
vole*, .*«uni», come forth. And be that was 
dtod ft me fbrUt. bound band and feut with 
frave^UiMwa. 
Uxa vtii. M. 56. Jmm Mk her by tbe 
•ajinir. Maiden, arlaa. And her spirit 
esDi(^ sc:ntn, -fie xrone iitra!g!)tway. 

■MaoM mt IL* "true koiat" I 



Lt-KK vil. 14, 15. Jenns came and toocli d 
tbe bier. And b** said, Yoaiift man, 1 sajr uol* 
th»><>. Arise. And be (bat weadaMl eat op and 
b< }:an to npcsk. 

Acts is. 4«. Pelei^turnlnf to thedead bodj, 
esM. TaUtha, arise And she op^n'tl her 
eyes : and witen she mw Peter. «be sat up. 

1 Sa». xxviil. u-20. Tbe woman said. 
Whom shall I bvluR up [from tbe dvail] umo 
thee? And S.»ul sjiid. Uring mi' up Sjii->.ucl. 
Aij(l .S.nnu>l <idid to Siml, Why iiast tbou 
dirauleted me, to brine aprGrom tbe gravel f 
And aittl answsie^ faa ssie iHstrwaiiCetSL 



titroA tilterHMrk to 



A dead man dfeUa>e$ that St. Ant(m>/'a 
father triis not i/uilfi/ of his dodh. W hile 
u Padua, it was revealed to St, Anton) 
tiiat his father was in danger of being 
pi!t tf' i!f Ml in Lisbon for manslaughter. 
An ari;^'ei uausportcd St. Antony from 
Padua to Lisbon, when his father's tnal 
was on ; and the saint ordered the dead 
man to be brought Into court. He then 
a<«kt'<l the dcnd man, " Is it true that my 
father is guiltv of thy death ? " " Cer- 
tainly not," said tbe dead bodjrt "the 
accusation is false and malicious." The 
judges, on hearing this positive declara- 
tion from the dead man Unaelf, dis- 
charged the prisoner at once, and St. 
Antony was retransported to Padua the 
same nifjlit by the same angel. (Sec St. 
Macarii .H, etc., p. 77.) — iSlwaid Kine*- 
man (1623), Aires of the Sahtte. 

/>'/>(/, a monk. jvn< t'.r sinfinj nftrr he 
icaa dead. St. Theodnisius, the Coenobi* 
arch, baviiw made a large sepnldire fof 
the general use of tbe monastery, re- 
marked, " Tbe tomb is now finished, but 
who of us will be the first to occuny it?** 
Basil, falling on his knees, prayed 
earnestly that he might be allotted that 
honour, and within forty days he rlipf!, 
without paiu ur disease, as one taketh 
rest in sleep. For forty days afterwards 
St. Theodosius used to see tb<; iltnd 
monk still occupying his usual placo 
whenever the brethren joined to^^ether m 
siogiog praise to God. Only Theodosius 
saw the ghost, but AfftiutdleHnetly beard 
its voice. Theodosius prayed that nthors 
beside himself might tutQ Basil'^ apium- 
tion. aadOod opened tbe eyes of all the 
bretnren, and all saw it. A^ins, in tbe 
folness of his joy, ran to embrace the 
ghost, but it vanished, saying as it 
departed, "Staj, Aiitius. Uod be with 
you, my father and hrethm. Me shidt 
ye see and hear no more." — Rminn M ir~ 
tyrdogy, (^*^® ^^'^ 
written by Theodore, bishop of Peta.) 

Twodead mm$ riee frtm their granes and 
rwth md of chmrck, Twe ladies ef high 



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7« DEAD HEARING, 

birth *Dm«tes of a Benedictine convent, 
w«r« aeenatomcd to trait tb« rest of the 

eistprf with pxtmne contempt, at being of 
inferior clay to thfiust'h .■ •, 8u itencdict 
Admonished them <>f this iipfeemly pride. 
Aodt AA they did not Auiend, threAtened 
to elvecmimiinieAte ttiew. Soon After 
tlii^ tin \ both died, and were buried in 
the church. When the deacon said to 
tiie ordinary, "Let those who an ex- 
commimicnttd depart hence," the nnrse 
RAW the two dead ladies leave their 
tombii, Aod fly oat of the church. This 
occurred Beveml timea; And the nnrae, 
calling to mind the threat of exeom> 
niunit-afion n nde by the abbot, t<'ld him 
what bad occurred. Then St. Ucoedict 
took AD offering, which he presented to 
fjod for the deceased; aftor which t)i«'ir 
louls were laid, and slept in peaces,— St. 
GiMOiy llie Great, iHalo-juet, bk. ii. 

jLvxumttn named Ga<A«rtm, being deadly 
told St /Vtxncts flimminnu the 1009 in 
hcll-firc (a.d. 1707). When St. rrnncis 
Uieronimus was preaching iu Nanlt !^. n 
worn An luuned Oithin^ae mnde herself 
conspictioiis by intcrruptiu^ him. Tlie 
preacher Ux>k. no n(>tioe of her nt the 
time, but a few days afterwards. |insHing 
her house, found it doaed, Aaking the 
neighbours the rcAgon, be was tola tiiAt 
CaOierint' had diod t*iiMtnl\ tlirtt morn- 
ing. "Dead?" cried the wunU "What! 
ifflie dcAdf* And be requested leAve to 
sec her. Ilitr permission was granted, 
Aod, going into the chamber, he found 
th« body iWAthed and laid out in the 
tttnal mAonw. The room was fall, but 
great silence was obfter\'ed. "Catherine," 
Raid Hicroaimus, " -;iy, \s li i rp arc yon y '' 
Twice be asked the question, but there 
WAS BO answer. At the third time the 
eyes of the corpse op<'npd, the Hps 
trembled, and A feeble voice, which 
•eemed to proceed out of the ground, 
replied, " In hell— in heli." Ail present 
were horriOed, And rushed out of the 
room, "In hell? in hell?" cried the 
•Aint. " GreAt God, how terrible t In 
beU? hiheH?** This scene prodnoed An 
immense impression, and many sinners 
were brought by it to repentance. — 
CArdinal Wiseman. (St. FiAOcis was 
ran'>nired in IH,l^).) 

Thlj huk; h« rrtj eraptUc and wmwUonfc' , but k toter- 
•Mi nminhMulM coiiM lMf« made It appeur that Um four 
WiAi OHM hem ma4m tiM floor ; nod oa« can banUy 
mi^tot Uwt Cwmnal Wi— l iiMiilAwr finwrt ii 
»—IA>SM<iuiiHallw>»tisrtMiAll. 

Si. Cathrrine of Bolojna ninciecn days 
nftcT her death opens her eyes and speaks 
(A.D. 1168). NiBetetn daji tfler b«r 



SrE.\KINT,, ETC. [1^. I. 

burial, St. CaUierine of Hologna was 
disinterred, And plnoed in a coffin. A 
crowd of persons cnme to look on the 
cor|)8e, and were struck with the joj 
expressed in her face, and the saintly 
odour which came from the bodv. 
Amongst others, I^eonorA Poggi, a girl 
of eleven yrars old, came to look on the 
body, and forthwith the dead saint 
opened its e^'es, and mekioK a sign with 
its hand, said to the yotinj; girl, " Leo- 
nora, come hither." Leonura cunic up 
closer. Then St. Catherine added, '* You 
will be A sister in this convent, where aU 
will lore you, and you ihAll be the 
guardian of my body." ELht year? 
afterwards, Leonora refused tiic hand oi 
A wealthy suitor, took the veil, was 
appointed guardian of St. Catherine's 
body, and fived in the convent fifty-five 
vcars. — I). Talcotti fof the order of St* 
Francis), Life of St. Catherine of Boiogno, 
Euphrosina answers frotn the grave the 
question of St. P<ynatMs. Ku'^tjisius. re- 
ceiver-general of the revenues of Tuscany 
in the reign of Julian, being cnlted Away 
on fi journey, left the public money 
which he had collected in the hands of 
his wife Eujphroftiua, wlio, for laatur 
security, buned it in the earth. She 
died suddenly, and no one knew where 
she had hidden it. Kustasius was almost 
beside himself, fearimr to be charged 
with embezxlement. In his perplexity 
he asked advice of St. Donatus, hishop 
of Are^zo ; tiud the holy umo, going to 
tlic grave of Euphrosina, said win % 
loud voice, in the hearing of many, 
"Euphrosina, let us know where thou 
hast put the public money." The woman 
answered from the {(rave, And told the 
bishop where it was hidden. St. Donatus 
went with the reoeiver-geneml to the 
(dace indicated, and there found the 
money without difficulty. — Edward 
Kinesman (1623), Lives of the Saints^ p. 
591. (He tells us he compiled the life of 
St. I )on:itu8 ftom fi«dfl Aiid Other mArljiw 
oioeies.) 

Jtelic$ Join A. Gregory of Langr«9 At 
st'niiri / (A.n. 541). One night a "li ac u 
watched St. Gregory of L-mgres, and saw 
him rise from liis b<-d, and leave IliA 
dormitory at midnight. The deacon 
followed him unobserved, and saw him 
enter the baptistry, the door of which 
opened to him of its own accord. For 
A time dcAd silence prevAtled, And then 
St. Gregory began to diant. Presently 
a host of voices joined in, and the sinfi- 
Ing ooatiDaed for three boon. ** I 



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Pr. 1.] DEAD HEARING, 

think," snyg St. Gregory of Tours, 
naively, *' the voices proceeded from the 
holy n-licf tlu-re prt-Horvod ; ni» d<uil)t 
they revealed tbemselveti to the «Mot, 
md }flin«d bim in singiog pnuMt to 
God." — T^ariDg-GouM, lAn o/ <A« 
SaintSf Jan., p. 58, 

^. HM««toiwMtatto«B«Mbnt 
7^ <i«j</ 6(x/y of St. Injurieux nuwea 
inU 9f hii own grave Ut repute m thai o/ 
Ah» mfe SekoUuiioa (A.n.-aSH). Injarienx, 
n nnlilc -Honatur of ricrinont, in Auvergne, 
married St^holastica, but from the day of 
dieir e«pousaU they lovtd each other 
only with I'lntonic love, and mntunlly 
vowed to live tofjether in chastity. St. 
Gregory of Tours telU us that Scholastica 
died Antf and Injurieux, ttADdioK over 
her tomb, mid, I tbjuilc Thee, O God, 
for the loan of tliis treasure, which I 
return to Your hands, without spot, even 
M I received it.** The dead wife, wniltog 
at these words, replied froni tlie grave, 
"What neeJ tu epeak of 6ucli matters, 
which concern no one but ourselves?" 
Scarcely wa» the wif« buiied, when the 
husband died, and was boried in a sepa- 
:xte >rrave, at some conniclenvhle dii^t.ince 
from that of his deceased wife. Next 
day it waa fonnd that Injurieux had left 
his own grave to repos(? in that of Scho- 
lastica. He was not disturbed, but to 
tile (iresent hour the senator and hit wife 
are called t^ir "Tnvt T o' cr*." 

T1il» tmb b to) J hj trver.il writi-n beildes Orttsory of 
Toun III hi* nutorg uf rJU /VaMet, bk. L ch. 4S. 
Outrrrier dc Dunvut has mnS» it the uih>«irt of ■ poem, 
CbM "llMTyHnborTiM Two Lurer>or aerii>oi)t''(18iKt). 

At the oommand o/ St* Macarius a dead 
ffHm aequl^Mt aeamd monk of any share 

tn his munkr (a.T). .W4-394). A very 
similar tale to that of St. Antony and 
his father (p. 75) is told of St. Macarius 
of Egypt. One of tlio brothers of his 
own monastery vvjia accused of murder, 
and as both accuners and defendant 
•poke with great poeitivity, St. Macarius 
took them to the grave of the deceased, 
and, speaking with »i loud voicf, ^'aill lo 
the dead mao, " The Lord Jesus Christ 
commands you to gtatewbe^r tbia man, 
now accused of your murrlcr, really com- 
mitted the crime or not?" The dead 
man resolutelv an.«swcred, " No, he is 
inooccnt, and had no hand at all in my 
death.** " Who, then," asked Macarius, 
*• is the guilty |MirtyV*' The (ieml iiuin 
replied, ^* It is not for me to accuite ; 
suffice It to know that the accused man 
is innocent. I^eave the guilty in the 
hands of 'jod. Who can say whether 



SPEAKING, ETC. 77 

the All-merciful may not take pity on 
his soul and lead him to repentance ? 
Mgr. Guerin, Jmh FeUit BottandMee^ 
vol. i. Jan. 2. 

HiU li relateil Iqr tb* duunbnbUn of pop* Leo Xllf 
And hk* book, which ha* vmmti ihiXMigh reirn t>llUi>ii% 
l» kvouchad bf • hoct of canllu»l«, fkrchhi«bupt, kim 

bUliop., &11 iM'tKMr tlM' ynini I'^r.') uiift IHm \ tiaMm 
aiirrrr t< j{lv>-ii i>> n rliilil Ju»l U>rii vlu-n a^kol If tktUt- 
tkio diracoii wiu Us faUmt. \laem BaMU^ pt. ii j 

I'he dtiid bodif of Maria Madjlen i di 
Pazzt turns itself round (a.d. 1607). 
When Maria Madalena di Paxxi was 
dead, her body was wrapped in a tmiie, 
a ;<capular, and a mantle of black tafTeta. 
it waii placed in the church, for the satis- 
faction of the seculars, with the laoe 
tfiv. -nls the sacristy ; but the corpse 
..urned it.'* head the uther way, because 
** en cet endroit il y avait un hommo 
dcbauchc' dont elle n« put souffrir lea 
regards, m§me apv^i sa mort.** — Lee 
Petit s I'xiUiiiul'isfes, vol. vi. p. 173. 

8t. Meior, after his head vas cut off, 
epoke to hie wurderer (a.d. 411). St. 
Melor was the son of Mel' an, duke of 
Cornwall ; and his usurping uncle, 
Rainald, sent Ccrialtan to cnk ofl hia 
head. While the murderer was carrying 
the head to his employer, he was so 
jmrched with tbir.st that he exclaimed, 
*'0h for a drop of water! I am dying 
with thirst.*' The head of tbe mnideved 
prin c, which was in his hand, made 
answer, ^^Cerialtan, strike the ground 
with your stick." This be did, and 
water iuiiiiediately gushed forth to allay 
hi.s thir.st. IJainald received the boy's 
head with delight, hut, dying witliin 
three days, the liead was sent back to 
be buried with the trunk j and both were 

E reserved at .\nie«bur>', in Wiltshire, as 
idy relies. — ilariug-Gould, Lives of the 
Saints, Jan., p. 44. 

St. Patrick commanded that the dead 
»h>vUd be asked if they deserved to have 
a cross raised over t/teir ijraves (a.ij. 373- 
464). St. Patrice commande b la mort 
de rendre aea vietimgs, a fin qae leur pro- 
pre houche prochinu' devant le pcuple la 
v^rit^ des di>ctrines qu il leur annonce; 
on bien il a'aasnre si son ordre de planter 
line rroix sur la tombe des chrdticns, et 
non des infldbles, a^t*f fiddemcnt cx«fcut<^, 
en tnterrogeant Ivs morts cux-nienies, et 
en apiirenant de leur tranche s'ils ont 
m^te ee eonsolant hommage. — Mgr. 
(lui'rin fch.iuiherlain of pop*^ Leo XIIl.), 
l icit des cktmts, vol. iii. p. 47*! (IrtSO). 

At the commatui of St. Paul, bishop of 
TroiS-Chi'itt ni, fiis ]iri ilt\t'SS(<r ih rlired 
frotn his tpxive tiuxt a Jcv was uuikimj a 



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79 DEAD RAISKD 



false claim (lifth centun-). When Pnul 
WM imuganrtipd bii^bopof TroiM-Mteau, 
as bp was rettjrnin;; frf>ni the connnl, a 
.lew caiue up to hiiu, and dtuiantJtd jwiy- 
tnent of a eun of money lent, as he Haid, 
to PauI's DndcceKsor. wboM name wm 
Toiquat. in order to Mcertain whether 
fhe dftim wh$< just or not, St. Viud, 
•mved in full epiHcopnl cttuunieals, went 
to the tomb of the Inte bishop, and, 
tonchinf; it v> itb hi* past^ml stnif, com- 
nianded Turuuat to inform him whether 
the Unib spoken of had been repaid or 
Dot. A Toice from the grave imme- 
diately replied, ** I repaid the Jew his 
loan, nnd hv knovv^ it. " Mimy lit ir 1 tlie 
reply, and could testify that theKe things 
are inie, for tbcy kaow that tbey an 
tnie.-i;ahMN«^ Jhsiatogioai Hi*kfru 
©/ Valence. 

St. RheticuSy vhm dead, speaks to his 
Vun.yi irijt' (A.n. 834). St. KheticuR died 
Mny 15, A.i>. B34. After the corpse 
^ad been washed and whroudid. it v,n» 
Aid on the bier. Kext morning, when 
Um bearers attempted to lift tae bier, 
tbo^ found it quite inini<'Vat>I<>. Not all 
dieir combined force was able even to 
stir it. AU the monmers were stiipetied, 
Im:' fin old man raUcfl to mind a promi.se 
which HheticuB bud made to las wifv, 
when she was dying, tltat he would re> 
join her in the graTe. Immediately this 
new arranj^ement was made the bier 
l>ecame f^uitc li^^ht, and wlii-n it was Ni t 
down at the grave of bis deceased wife, 
the dead man sat np and said, ** Do you 
rcmcmbpr, my dear wife, the roqtir^t you 
made me on your death-bed? Here 1 aiu 
to fulfil my prooiiae. Ualte room for 
me whom you have so long ex|)ected." 
At tlje!«e words the deceased wife, who 
had btren so long dead, revived, and, 
breaking the swaths which bound her, 
•tietehed forth her hands, made signs of 
approval, and ho. koncd to htr husljand 
to come and lie beside her. i^lhjircnsa 
est latam protcndcns /lemina pahtmmy 
invitans soiinm f^stti rircntis oinoris.) 
The corp.'.e was Umtred, ihf)fmve hhook, 
tlie deceased wonian nianifented every 
sign of joy, and the two lay in peace, 
waiting the resarreetion of the iust.-^ 

L'abbtf JI!;,'ni-. lyy-u-Aj <ij ufxrn Juvcuci, 
i'atrolo'jta, vol. xix. p. 381 {Ibitii), 

8t. '^ terinv* a$k$ « dead priest if he 
trori/'i /i'.'- to rrtvrn tn (if'\ St. Sr\"<Tin 
Wtttcli« d all Jiight by the bitr •>! bUvuaiS 
the tiru'st. And itt early dawn he bade 
the dead man, in the name of (Jod, speak 
to the breihriuu Siirinus opened his 



TO LIFE AGAIN. [Pt. I 

eyes, and St. beverin asked bitn if ha 
had any wish to return to life. The 
dead man an!5wcred fn tfnlly, Keep ma 
no loni,nr here, nor chtat iite of that 
everlagting rest which those who sleep ia 
the Lord enjoy." Then, closing hiseyca, 
he slept a^^aio the aleep which knows no 
waking'. —fitigippina, Xt/ir of St, Smerm 
(a.i>. /ill). 

At the command of &. Stani^enUf m» 
retcr, V hi> t/-((.> (/- III/, rose fruin his grate 
and uent inio ikts iaw-cimrt to certij'if the 
sale of an estate. St. Stanislaus, bitibop 
of Cracow, in Poland, bou};ht an cstAte of 
one Peter for the Church, but took no 
aec^uittance. Peter died three years after- 
wards, and his heirs cUimed the in* 
heritanee. As St. Stanislaus had nothing 
to show in prnt.f of his right, lif wm 
condemned to restore tlie estate to the 
plaintiiTs. The saint now faated and 
prayed God to defend liif Cttu?r ; then, 
ffoing to the tomb of the dead man, he 
touched the body with his pastoral staff, 
and cotttniandcd it to arise. The dead 
man instantly obeyed the summons, and 
followed the bislicp into tlie kii!;:*s court, 
Stanislaus Uieu^d to the judge, ''Here, 
my lord, is Peter himself, who sold me 
the estate. He has come from the grave 
to vindicate the truth." Peter confirmed 
the stuteiiicnt of the bishop in every par- 
ticular, and judgment waa reversed. St. 
Stanislatia now asked Peter if he would 
like to remain alive for a few years; but 
l\ ter replied he would rather return to 
his crave. He waa in pnrgatory, be said, 
but Mad nltnoM piir^rod away his fins, and 
was in near prwpei t of |ittradi»c. So he 
retunied to his tomb, where he decently 
cfmiposed himself, and yielded up his 
breath a second time. — Uibadeneira, 
Fhiun Qf tilt Samtt, 

Dead raised to Ijife again (with 
an account of human hibernation, etc)> 
(See Elisha axd tub Uoahitk.) 

Mauk a»-4^ Jshvs. ruler of tte syna* 

grtffne. bt^oQgbt Jerni-^ to beal (Liogbter, but 
« mei.«4>nKer told Jalrus lie nml not trouble the 
Ma>-t r. as tlie dains^ ! wil-' >1i u'I. .Ie^>u« eakd Ut 
the rulc-r. Br not Hlrioil. nnly Im Ui-m ; atMlcoing 
to tliC ruli r'-^ lui\i~>- III- t./i.k tne il.iih-t I l>y ll»< 
biiiKl. SP'I Haul, 1 liilm cuml; a^tl^trt«lgl>lwaj^ 
iii>' iiitiuiMi am i Afkd Mslked, Ibr sIm aas ot 
ibe age ut tweive y^ars. 

l.i KK vil. U-1&. M hen JcRus came t<i Na'n, 
• (lead mail waji Ix'ing carried lo hie grave. It 
was an only aon. and the miAlier a widow, 
j Jesoa went lo the bier sod said. Young man, 
I 1 My unto thee. Arise. And be that was d-sd 
sat upland begaa to speak; and JcsusddlvsieJ 
I Umiobtsnothsr. 



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Ft. 1.1 



AMAXDUS, ARMENGOL, ATTALUS, AVITUS. 



7t 



JoBK xi. 1-44. I<Munudl«d VCM bui led i 
MmI bis tno ftiifteni totd Jc^uh. JeFun went to 
Ibe gmve wbere Liuaru* bad been laid for four 
ft^jrn, and when the Mono i>t the inouib of tbe 
«anh was rolM *w»y. He Mki with • lontf 
voiee. Leniw. come forth f and be tbal mm 
doAil r«me forth, bound In his frrB«e<:loibe«i 
and Jesus tAid tu tbe »Ui>deni-by, Louee bim. 
ati<i k-i iiltn ^(1. 

2 Mvt.8 iv. is-:i7. Tlif M «i of & ^bunammlte 
«iiitiaii, who liad B lown UiiidinR" to Klislui, 
di d. &tid tlif inoiln'i l>ft*iiU>tlil tke «)d of tiic 
pjophot. Klihtia >»rnt mio ihe cbaiiibcr wIutp 
the d«*d cJiiltl was, »hut ti»t! d<H>r. and prayd 
Unto the Lord. Then hewontand Uy u]K>ti the 
«blkl. putting moiitli Ut inoutb and haiid« to 
bao^ and tbf tleah of tbi- drud child waxed 
Then the prophet wallted to atid fro for 
* timat and tlw dtlld aiieezed ■even times, 
•BdoDMMdlitoejrw. KUaha Una bade Ocbait 
to caliUift natber, and when dte fiame, ha aald 
to bcr. Take up tbj BOH } and aba took him op. 
aod went oat. 

8t, Ammuku reatom to tiff a man 

treciUed for 6n ' {\.^^. 694-C84). 
While SL AiBaiidus wm at Tauriuu, the 
ipovcrnor, Dotton, t^onlcnced a brigand to 
death : and so well was the scntcnrp ile- 
»crvf(l, that the whole court exclaimed 
wiUi one voice, " Awav with him, away 
with him I )m ia not fit to livei " St. 
Anaandas entered tbe oonft at this 
fiumient, and implored the troveraor to 
accoid t<> hint the life of tbe prisoner ; 
bni Dotton told him it could not be, and 
the executioners hunp the criminal, and 
watched him till he was dead. Aiimndus 
at night cut the body down, and con- 
rcyed it to his cell. When he fell on his 
face and implered the Lord of life to 
give back to thin wretch his d< [ nrtnd 
spirit. All at once the brifjnnd rair*ed 
himself, opened hia erea if from a 
de«p sleep, n^d Becmod bewildered to 
tind himiteJf in the cell of the travelling 
bishop. Next momini; St. Amandua 
called for water, washed the wounds of 
the reanseitated man, and having healed 
them nil, bfule the mr.n return lir»mc and 
sin no more, btnm tbe noi»«.' uf tbis ini-> 
racle spread in all directions, and crowds 
H'^'^lifd to the saint for baptism. All 
(»and was converted, an<l in an incredible 
short time two iwi masteries* ar.*«e, one 
at ijand and the otlier on Mont Ulandin. 
Truly a whole }>cople was bom in a day, 
aod the name of the I^ird was ma;:nitied. 
— Meojoulet (vicar-general of i>a>uuoe). 
Stiint Amand, Ap6tre de$ Bamjues. 

Pcler Ar/iK U-iol ira$ suspended six days 
on a yalloics, and yet wos taken down alive 
(a.d. 1304). Peter Arnicngul wag a 
converted captain o< a band of robbers, 
who fptiit hia Uf« in redaaiaing Chrialiaaa 



made captives by the Moors. Hearing of 
the captivity of eighteen young men, 
a;,'rced with the Moors for tlieir ransoin, 
and gave himself up n.s a hostage till tha 
money arrived, lie had many oppor- 
tunities of preachin;^ Christ crucified 
during hia captivity, aad not a few were 
converted by him. ' This g^atly annoyed 
the Moslema, who pretended that the time 
of payment bad expired, and hnng bim 
on a gibVt' t. had been 8US[vnrii" 1 for 
SIX days, when William Florentin arrived 
with the ransom-money, and was ex- 
tremely difitrcsscd to h« ar of the fate of 
his dear companion : but what was his 
amazemeul, an lie <^U<od under the (gibbet, 
to bear himself addressed with these 
words: **Dear brother, weep not ; I am 
nlive ; the Virgin Mary has kept me all 
these days." floreatin cut him down 
in the pta s eoee of many spectators, aod 
the ransom- money was laid out in re- 
deeming twentv-ttix more Christian 
slaves. — Acta Bcautmrmm (BoUandiita), 
April 27. 

81. AHahu ralmd two dead penoiu to 

li t'' ( ;<j r) f A.i). 627). Ariowald, king of 
Lombardy, W4i» an Arinn. and orthodox 
Christians were taught i t to salute 
heretics. One day a monk of the Uobbio 
monastery, passing the king, neglected 
to salute him, and Ariowald enudoyed 
an asiasain to waylay the monk and 
mnrdcr bim. This was done, bvt St. 
Attains restored the dead man Ut life, 
and tbe devil, seizing the murderer, ^ut 
him to horrible torments, from which 
Attains alone was able to deliver hnn. 

Atiolber monk, employed to root out 
the residue of pa;:anism in Tortona, was 
seixwl by tho natives, who threw him 
into tbe river, and piled baK« stones over 
hiin. St. Att'ibis dreu- liini from the 
water safe and .-^''nnd, but his pen<tcutuxs 
all met with vi<>lcnt deaths. — Jonas (a 
Scotchman and ditiuiple of St. Attains), 
Life of i^t. Attaltis. 

St. A vitiis, abbot of St. Mcsmtn, raise$(m§ 
of hia ditctples from death (a*D. 680}* St. 
Avitus waa in tbe habit of retirinf? from 
time to time into a thick forest near his 
abbey. One day a religious, iu hia i>uit«, 
died on the road, but besought his com* 
punions not to bury him till the abbot 
ntid seen him. One of the con)|)«nion8 
ran into the forest to aimimnre the death 
to Avitus, and to tell him that the body 
bad been carried into tbechnrch. Avitus 
in.-t.intly v, - r-,t t > the chnvdl, and pr 
truted hilittttilf m prayer, xben ristog 
to hia fcaty ha commanded ttia dead ma* 



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no 



DEAD RAISED TO LIFE AGAIN. 



[Pt. 1. 



to Awake from the dc«d. Th« dead man 
eoald not imiit, and {^Tintif ri(;ht 

band to the ftl»1u>t, ho cnme from tlie h'wT, 
and immediately took part with the rei«t 
fai chanting tliaaervica. This miracle " 
made a great scn^ntion t and St. I.uhin, 
bishop of ChartreM, assurer us he was 
told It by the very >imn whn was rcana- 
citated.— X«« JPetiU Mo i l m dia U ** vol* vii. 
p. 110. 



St. Bewdict, abbot of ifmtnt Cassino, 
restores to life a lad tri ihffaliy manifled 
btf t/ie fail 'of a icaii \a,1). 480-643). 
While St. Benedict was building his 
monastery at Mount Caaaino, ha otucnrad 
Ui« devil buoy at work alio, and kneir 
mischief wius at hand. He n • -i r llngly 
called out aloud to the wurkumo, " lie on 
^oor guard) my brethren, for the devil 
IS among you." Then the fiend, out of 
pure malice, knocked down a part of the 
wall, which fell on a young novice, the 
son of a nobleman ; and not only killed 
him, but crashed him moet horribly. 
The monks were greatly pricvcd, :ind the 
abbot told them to carry the dead body 
into his cell. It was impossible to carry 
the body in their hands, because it was 
so mangled ; so they imt it in a sack, and 
pidnd opeucfalty *ll the pieces. When 
ih«7 were brong^t into the cell, St. 
Benedict locked the door, prayed fer- 
vently, and lyiiiK on the (lead body, put 
hia month to the child's mouth. Presently 
the flesh of the young novice began to 
•wnx warm, the sepanite pieces drew to- 
gether, the crashed fmrtii ajii^umed tiieir 
normal condition, the young man sneezed, 
opened bis eyes, stood upon his feet. 
The resuscitation was complete, as com- 
plete as if th«' accident never h!i]»- 
pcned; and St. lienedict, to Drove his 
perfect tnomph over Satan, bade the 
novice rrturn to his work, and help to re- 
Store the wnll wliii-h ImU fullen upon him. 
—St. Gregory t he ( irent, Dialoqueg^ bk. ii. 

St. Benedict of Mount Cnssino rcxus^ 
citates the child of a peasant (a.d. 4H0~ 
643). A i»r.'j«(int, liaviiig lost his only 
•on, brought the dead body to Uoont 
Canino, and requested St. Benedict to 
restore it to life. Turnint; to his monks, 
the {Mitriarch said, " Let us retire ; these 
peaiuints seek of ua feeble creatures acta 
which pertjiin to npostles only, I^et us 
rtlire, mv brothers." Still the parenta 
of the chitd ceased not their entreaties, 
and «aid they would not leave till the 
Mint gnnted their patition. St. Bene- 



dict eould xeaistno longer. So, phicing 
himself beside the dead body, and lifting 

his hands to lienven, he smd. " I.onl. re- 
gard not my unwurthiness, but heboid the 
faith of this Thy servant, who implores 
the resusciUition of his chiUl. If, Lord, 
it seems good in Thy slight, let the aoul 
anl the life return to this dend body." 
Immediately the dead body began to 
ftir; the abbot took tbe band, lire was 
restored, and the cliild was delivered to 
his father in perfect health. (See St. 
Sbvbrix, p. 78.) — St Gregoiy me Grenti 
Di,i!'}iJiteSy bk. ii. 

Ht. Coletta, or Xicoletta, raised a large 
nutHfter of the dead (1880-1447). St. 
Coletta resuscitated many dead bodies. 
For example, four grandees, who snr* 
vived for many yciirs. Many hundreds 
of children, still-bom. A child which 
had been buried. A nnn of Poligny, 
wliich had died without .nbsoliition ; this 
woiuan was culled hack to life to make 
her confo^.sion, imd reealvi supreme uno» 
tion, after which she waa restored to the 
grave again. — Doaillet, Viedeftt. CotMte, 

St. (,'f/ril, (,'cw:ral of MowU Ctrrru't, re- 
stores to life a man reotntlij cured of 
blin^huu (a.d. 1191). St. Cyril gave 
alms to a blind man, and as noon as the 
man knew who had given him the money, 
he laid the coin upon his eyes, and re- 
ceived his sight. What is still more re- 
markable is, that his soul was enlightened 
at the same instant, .md he be^;red to t>e 
admitted into a religious house as an 
inmate. He was Tefnsed« because the 
prior was not at home, fell sick, and 
died within three days. Let Mgr. 
Guorin tell the rest :— On fit ses fun^- 
raillcs, et, quoiqu'il y efit longteinps qu'il 
fut ('tendu dans sa bibre, et reconnu (Miur 
mort, <^tant tout prcs d'etre mis en terre, 
il se relera, etdit b haute voix, Que lea 
pri^res de Cyrille TavMent lessnseit^, de 
memo que ses nii'rites lui avaient rendu 
la vue du corps aussi bien que de 1 ame.* 
—Mgr. Gmffin, Vie§ det &int$t voL iiL 
p. 201. 

St. Dominic restores to life the son oj 
a Roman matron. The son of a Roman 
matron died while his mother was 
listening to a sermon by St. Dominie 
Tlie ib nd body was taken to the monk, 
tend laid at iiis feet. The blessed 
father," moved with compassiott* made 
on the lid the si;.rn of the cro«>n, nnd 
taking iiim by the hand, the dead chiid 
rose, stood on his fee^ and ntomed 
home in perfect health. 

St* Jkmmic ivstorvi to Ufg a OBfysnlip 



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kil!fd hy a fail iy. fo nt pit. A carponter, 
working in the cnvent of St. Sistu^, ftll 
into a pit, and the earth falling on him 
cniehed him to dfMth. St, I)iiniinio or- 
dered him to be dug out, pmyed over 
him, and Im RtiuiiMl to Ut« wliftlly 
QDhurt. 

8t. Domktie rtttmm io lift Ifeajr^^fm^ 

killfd h'j (J fdll fri'in /ii'.f horM'. 'I'lic 
nephew of cardinal Stephen, wbutte aaiiie 
WM Neapolinn, being thrown from hia 
horse, had his neck broke, find was kiHrd. 
St. Dominic, going to the spot of the 
accident, prayed thrice, saying the fame 
wofds ; then, taking the yoang num by 

^ the hand, he said with a loud voice, 
'* Neapolion, I ^Jly unttt you, in the name 
of Christ, Ariie." Forthwith be aroee, 
and St. Dominie led him to hit iinele. — 
Edwnrd Kinc5innn (a.D. 1628), Z«W« o/ 
the Satnts, pp. 673, 374. 

St. Li^rutAerius /et/(t, and reatores to />/(?, 
the dawihUr of the ijvr<'rnor of Totiniai 
(a. p. 631), The daughter of the governor 
of Toumai, a [iii;;un, loiu-cived a vioK iit 
Affection for the young Elcutiierius, and 
one day went to Blandain to make the 
avowal to him. " L'nlmppy woman!" 
■aid Eleuthorius ; "did you never hear 
how Satan tntipted the Snviour, and He 
repelled him V Jn thenam*'i>f thi- lil< s-< <1 
Trinity 1 now command you lu rclirt', nud 
never again to come into my presence." 
On hearing these words the maiden fell 
dead, an if struck by a fla^b of light- 
nlii.'. The fnth«-T was L:r> nilv di.-,tr«'ss«'d, 
and pronti»ed to become a Christian if 
his daughter was restored to life. E1ea> 
theritis farted and pmyrd for ninny dfty«< ; 
then, going to the nundeii'it grave, be bade 
the bystanders roll away the stone, and 
cried thrice with a loud voice, " Damsel, 1 
command you, in the name of Christ, Come 
forth;" and ^yie ckiik' frotii the tomb in 
tiie sight of all, and was baptized. — Le$ 
FttOt BvUandMes, vol. ii. p. til>0. 

St. Frnnris of Patda rams his n,'p!>,'ic 
frmn tht dead (a.D. 1416-1507). N icbuia« 
dMlesso, the nephew of St. Frtincts of 
Fail In, often expressed an ardent desire 
to be a nionk, but his parents would 
not give tlieir coiiNt lit. U'liiU- i*t ill young, 
he fell ill and died ; and hia dead body 
was tdien to bis uncle's ebnrch to m 
bnried. Tin- funenil service was finished, 
and the body was alx.ut to he h>wered 
into the giave, wlun St. Franciii, "qui 
avait en scs nmins les clefs de la vie et 
de la uiort," !<tf'|i}>ed the bearers, and 
taking the dead hoiiy in hi-, .'inii-, carried 

^ it into hit chMnbei \ and the same night, 



after many prayers and tears, it was 
restored to life. The mother came next 
day to weep over her lost child, when 
St. Kraiii'is a.sl<ed fier if she? felt re- 
siicnttl to the will of (iod, ntid if she 
would now consent to her son entering 
upon a religious life. " Alas ! " cried the 
mother, "he is past my consent now, 
.iTnl iii in the hands of (iod. It is t>>o 
late, too late now ; 1 shall never again 
see my Nicholas ntiier a secular or a 
relii,'! "You con-ent, then," said 

St. i-runcis; and no buying, led the 
mother into his chamber, and showed 
her the young man living. Nicholas took 
the habit of the order, and lived in his 
uncle's monaiitery for many years. — Au- 
thentic keUiUan made m Om^tstory upon 
thit Acts of Ms OmomgtUion (compiled bv 
ather (juy ). 

We Jin rpnipu'bw (M aipMMd dMiti aui torW of 
juN.-r, tttio wAuue Is hsiM Me wa my a^laik kse 

The fon and davf}htfr of king Brendin 
rcslurci to life by St. Fumy (A.D. 650). 
King lireodin of Ultonia [Ulster! liad a 
■on and dauirhter, twins, who dfed the 

same day. Hrendin wii«« not aide to oiiry 
them, becaut»e the Irish were caunioal.^', 
and would have disinterred the bodi«s tu 
eat thi in ; they were therefore thrown 
into the sea, but were wash d u^borv near 
tlie hermitage of their cousin, St. Kursy. 
The time when this occurred happened to 
coincide exactly with the hour that St. 
Kursy, iicrordinp to his wont, was passing 
along the coast to church, and ae i>aw 
his two cousins lying naked before htm» 
He Wfis irreiitty di-tres-ed. and -^^fiid, 
men ifiil L<>rd, grunt that the .spiriUi of 
t It I niy dear cousins may return into 
thetr bodies." His piayer was grsated, 
and the two enustmi rose joyously to 
their feet; hut, heing naked, they wen 
ashamed. St. Fursy bad pity on their 
shame, and clothed diem both in suitable 
raiments. He then threw a stick into 
tlic !»ea, and told his cousins to follow it, 
nothing doubting. The rest must be lol i 
in t!ie words of Mgr. tiue'rin, or no 
I>i;.:lish reader will believe what follows 
bt «-n a<'. iiritt« Iy st.it> d. "Or, <fcout« . 
unc chose/' says the chamberlain of popr 
Leo Xilt., **eeoutea une cboee qui doi 
(^nii rs filler, et qui d. it efre racoot«t 

tiour hi iih'ire de Notre .Seigneur: !• 
>atnn s'en alia devant comme s'il eQt eu 
de rentendenient, Les enfants marche- 
rent [on the surface of the sea] hardiment 
k SJi suite dar- -illajje <]u'il trayuil, 
jusqu'h ce qu'iis arriv^nt en leur pays, 

o 



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DRAD RAISED TO LIFE AQAIN. 



[Pt. I. 



•t veeomtBrent leur gcn»"—Lei PetiU 
M lan ditt ei (7Ui edit. 1880), vol. i. p. 401. 

W»w*tolll.liisMl»bf1lir. OoMb. flMlttoWli of 

Be Fimy wai vrirteu In (MS h) ii rantrmpofmiT', ami viw 
piili>i>linl b> Surliu, vul i |i 'JAl*. rtc |i wm rv|iMtt«l 
hy i. BulWrni (Jan. 15\ ^n J by M*u,\Um. \ >l iit. |> -jr<». 
rtc The rtncnibte t'»nl'-. Ill iin ' Vi-.n-A //i*/<.ry, bk lil. 
c)l. )». glfM M alMUMCI o( Uic life i but thm btM Ufa 

IfM oHudtab CM irnifrtw aftaff tlw dMik of tt 

St. Francis IJiermimMM rai$$$ a dead 
mfani to life ( a. u. 1642-1716). A poor 

Wdiiijin In^t luT infant cliil'l, twelve 
iiumthii old ; bill nut in^ tiuiiif y enough 
Ut bury it, she pla<.H'«l it near the confea- 
eionnl of Fathrr Francis, When the 
paint entered the church, he know by 
in^piriition where the cliild was lyinj^, 
and told Mary CsMier to go ami take 
charge of it. Manr imtiintly obeyed ; 
biif, on liftinj; up the covering:, she ex- 
claimed, " My father, the child is dead." 
" No, no, Mary," he replied; " behold, it 
«lee[»etb.*' So sayini;, he made tin- '■i:,'n 
of the cross on the child's foreheml, and 
ap|tlied some hoi}- water to it.s lipx. 
Korthwith tho child opened iti eyes, and 
lie^'an to breathe. **Go, and call Ihe 
mother," said St. Frnti< is. The woman 
at first refused to cuuic, and. when ihe 
saw a living child, wonld not believe it 
til Iw h« r own. Soon, howover, the child 
reco{,;ni/.ed its mother, und her joy woji 
complete.— KJardinul Wiseman. (SU Fnn* 
da »aa caBoniitd in iiidS,) 

Oatla rettoret to tiftamaidm dedared 

to fje dt'od. One day • hftlldniaid, who 
waitiMi on bt. Golhu^oiag to fetch water, 
fell, and hurt hefself to aeverely that all 

thoi';;ht she was dead. (Jalla ordered 
tlte uuiiden to be taken into her cell,uud, 
kneeling in prayer, s»he cried aloud, " (J 
Lord, heal her ! " The words were hanlly 
Uttered when the handmaid roHo ; and all 
who 8UW it exclaimed, " S«h', what mij^hly 
power the Lord and Saviour hath coai> 
mitted to Hie aainta ! "—/;«• PHiU Boltm^ 
du^h s, vol. ii. p. 109. 

^7 . Geioycof Cuufjudocia cu//* a dead nutn 
f roin hi$ grave, Dioeletiaa, by the advioa 
of Athanaaius, a mafcician, gave St. 
George a deadly poison, but it did the 
aainl no harm. When the emperor ex- 
nmecd sttrprise, St. iieorge said to him. 

The God whom I adore can not only 
preserve lifi-, lli- •■■•in also r'-tnrc it." 

This is it," rejomed the cm|M'ror : "if, 
now, one cauie from the dead, we should 
b« Iic've." St.. (te<irjce replie<l, " Then foj- 
Iww JUS, ' and led the way U> a ceuuiiery 



filled with gravel. Standiii^ hefora one 
of them, he prayed that (iod wottld rium 

forth His powet to confound gainsayers. 
Immediately the cave where he etood 
opened, mna one came forth with hia 
grave-clothes ; and, falling at the feet 
of St. George, returned huii humble and 
hear^ thanks. The eenpeior declared it 
was the work of necromancy, bnt Athens^ 
sius, the magician, replied, Not to, my 
sovereign liege ; none but the great (jod 
can do after this s(»rt." — Pasicrates (an 
intimate friend of St George, and eye- 
witness of his deeds). 

:it. (jiida^ the Wise restores to life I'ri- 
fiaa, about to be a mother (494-670), 
Tritina, daughter of Guerech, was de- 
nianiled in marriage by Conomor, who 
had been married often befon-. hut always 
killed his wives as soon as they conceived* 
At he was a ver>' powofiu momudi, 
Guerech durst not refuse him, :ui i so 
Tritina became his wife. When she wiui 
about to become a mother, (."onomor niur- 
dcreii her, as he had murdered his other 
wivit*. .St. <iiidasi heard of this brutal 
act, and mised tlie princefs to life again, 
lu time the child was bora. It was • 
bov-cbild, and waa named Trechomen 
(I>Vat)i-won).^Xf« PtUU S o ttaa di un , 

vol. li. p. liHi. 

At the inrt/cation of St. Godjrd a pro- 
eeukm of diwi uwn WXrt/ thntwjh the 
caUttdnd of HUdeftn-iin (a.ik 10^8). This 
manreUons story must be given in the 
ijmuima verba of Mgr. Gut^rin, chamber- 
lain of po|>e Leo Xfll. He prefaces the 
anc ihite with tlw wonli. Tliuii^h many 
miracles are ascribed to St. Godard, bisho|r 
of Hiidesheim, the following most strikea 
the imagination oT the masses, and !«erves 
as a characierisuc of our soiot in Christian 
art. "11 avait cxeommnnid certaine dc 
ses diocrsains : or, nn jonr qo*il se p tinm 
ruit k colebrer les sainta nyattaei, il lei 
vit entrcr danr< l egline, en d<$pit dc I'ex- 
communication. lavoqvaiit le pouvoir 
de Dien, ii ofdonna aex morte de ae lever 
de h nr- t iiiihcaux, et de donner I'exemple 
de l oht'iasattce aux traosgresseurs de sea 
ordonnonces. Ceux-ci, aoalevant le con- 
vercle de leurs n^pulcres, organis^rent une 
procession, et sortirent de ri^glise.**— Fist 
Jc.s Soi ls, vol. V. p. 324 (7th edit. IHMU). 

6t. JJiiariun reelorei to Me the three aont 
at a nobtemam. A noble lady, retnming 
from a visit to St. Anthony with her three 
sons, came to (iaxa, where all bur sons 
sickened and died. The mother, beside 
hernelf with grief, went to the cell of St» 
liiiariuu, accvttii>auiiKl witit two itaad- 



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Pt. l.J 



HILARY, JULIAN, LABAN. 



injuiis, and &aud to him, oian of Ond, 
bavt futy 00 me for Christ's sake! 0 timn 
of God, look on my misery and pity me! 
O man of God, come with me to Gaza, I 
imjilore you ; come with me, and restore 
me my three sons who are lying dead. 
OoiB«; O man of God, and God will b* 
magnified in thee." St. Hilarion rf plied 
^at he never left his ct:ll. Wbereuiioa 
tli« notber, fnatic wiib erief, fell at his 
fcf t, wwpinp moat bitterty. " O ser^'ant 
of the liviug God, ffive me buck my sons !" 
she cried, "give me hmk tr.y sons I O 
aerrant of the living G«>d, give me back 
my sons ! *' Her two luuidniaids added 
their voice?, ar: 1 \vi'|)t nho. Hilarion 
was no stock or atone, and could resist no 
lon^r. He went to <j««a as the sun was 
setting', called on the name of tli<> T,ord, 
said to the mother, "The Ijml killeth, 
and maketh alivt- ; He hrintreth down to 
the grave, and bringeth up." Then lift- 
ing up his eyes to heaven, uttered • abort 
j r i\ r, and the three nons who were d«'ud 
arose, and were led to Uicir mutlier. — St. 
Jerome, VUa Si» HUarionis EremUm (▲.». 
890). 

St. Hdary rcstcfTds to life an unbaptized 
infant (fourth century). St. Hilary-, after 
hts ivtaro from exiie into Fhiyeia, was 
feoeivcd in Poiden with nnbomided joy, 
and commemorated hia return with thia 
miracle. An infant died before baptism, 
gad St. Hilary, moved to compassion nt 
the grief of the parents, restored the child 
to life ; it was th^ii baptized, and " new- 
neas of life was given to its soul." This 
miracle is memorialised by sculpture 
•dll extant in Poitiers cathedral.--i>om 
Constant, Vita Sancti Hil'irii. Pict>irit'n,-:is, 

m. James of Taraitaise mduces by his 
Uar$ a dead man to return to life (fifth 
century). Aftcroneof bis missionary tours, 
St. James of tlie county of I arenlaise w eut 
to visit the grave of a very dtur friend 
who had di^ during his absence. The 
taint w^pt BO bitterly over the t;rave, that 

till- iii:in rii"^t rf'-^i tin? force of 

his deep, deep gritf ; and aa Litzurus came 
from the grave at the voice of Christ, so 
this frientTretunn il f . lift' at the tears of 
bt. Jaiiiea. — Gui ui' burL;uady (afterwardii 
CaJixtnt IJ.), Lifiof M. Jam*§ of Hm- 

St. Jtdian reeUrm to life the ton of 

An iyt ifiiiK (a.i>. 117). When St. Julian 
went to Afans, what greatly contributed 
to the conversion of Uie people was the 
following " miracle." The son of Anas- 
tasius, one of the chief citizens, died, and 



eould raise this lad from death, I would 
confess JesQs Christ, whom von pHMWky 
to be the true God, and would renonnca 
at once the gods which I now worship.** 
St. Julian went to the dead body, took it 
bjr the band, and raising bis eyes to 
heaven, im plored Him who nised Lawme 
from the dead to do the like in this casCf 
to the end that this resurrection of the 
body might be the spiritual resurrection 
of a^great multitude Forthwith tlu- lad 
who was dead arose, and his parents 
recei%'ed him in th*'ir arms with unspeak- 
able jor. Anaataaius and all bis bouse 
being then baptised, the name of Che Lord 
WM mairnitn d.~l). Piolin, Mutoin 4» 
CEatisedH Mam (lU vols.). 

St. Julian restores Jovian to life (a.D* 
1 17). Wlien St. Julian wa.s in Chatnpa^n^e, 
he met a funeral procession conducted by 
the druids. The person who was carried 
to bis grave was one Jovian, a voung man 
of the diief family in the ndghbonfliood. 
St. Julian addressed himself to the father, 
and asked whether be would confess Jesua 
Christ to be the tme God, if through His 
name the young man was restored tn hfr. 
Then raising his eyes to heaven, he 
prayed, and as he prayed the young man 
revived, and cried with » loud voice* 
"The tiod of Joliaa it indeed the true 
Go<!." Then, turninj» to his father, he 
said, " \\ c have been worshipping demous 
all this while. I saw them with these 
eyps in hell, where tliey sutTer inefTable 
torments." The fame uf tliis minxdo soon 
got noised abroad, and multitudes were 
baptized into ,Uie new faith. — D. Fiolin, 
Mittoin de CEglise dtt JTom. 

IS Ob wrrattve we wv tanMtf ^trmk wWi tto Vant of 

liMntony wiUi dniidiral llinm It hniall»«« tiirouetH>ut of 
Ruinwi CkUtulIc Uiu«i aitJ Jv<iaiiiU. au<l if w omll Um> 
wgfd 4ryHU. voald Im Imr mm tu itrwif<Unciii wiUt Um 

MFriflh «r lUrtSMua wMwy «MB vttk tiM Msoaa. 

St. Julian, bishop of Mans, restores to life 
the son of J*ruiia LmmUa o^ QqmJL (A.b. 
117). While St. JnlTan wee b Gaiii, he 

entered the hou-i rf I'ruiln. ! xyuilhi, who 
was a pagan, and had tuiked him U> be 
her guest. Just as he entered, the son 
of his hostess died. Never mind, he 
abode in the house notwithstanding^. The 
saint passed the night in prayer, and next 
morning presented the young man alive 
and well to his mother. The whole 
house and many of the neighbours who 
wilnes^d the miracle were inunediately 
baptized, confettsing the God of Julian to 
be, God indft-d.— 0. Piolin, MUtoirt d$ 
i'lfuitte du Muits, 



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DEAD RAISED TO LIKK AGAIN'. 



IPr. I. 



cum (seventh ceDtur.v). \Vbil« St. Saccnlos 
WM at prayer wttii hit nionkt,ft niMMn^cr 

arrived, l" announce to him the flrntli i.f 
his father I^ban. At the tiiue, Sin er»l«>8 
was so absorbed in |mrcr that be did not 
h«'nr what the mf»«!^onj;cr «aid. When he 
canio to himself, and understood that his 
father was dead, he wont with all ha.sU- 
to the house of nonmtnxt and learnt to 
bi« great grief tii«t I^hiin bad died M 
suddenly there htirl Vx i-n no ot)|x)rtijnity 
of giving him the Viaticum. Kn«H;ling at 
the bedside, in l^e presence of all aMsotn- 
blcd, Sficprdns took ihv hand of the dead 
man, and called him iwicu by his name. 
At the roice Laban sat up, as if aroii>« >1 
front sleep, and looking on the bystanders 
said, " I died at the second hour of tlie 
day, but Ii;i\ e r< turned to life, in virtue 
of the merits of my son." Sacerdos then 
adminittcivd to him the Viaticum, and 
R'*kr(l f«>r hi.i bl<'^-<in^. Lnl);iii. li.-iving 
bltastd his .■'on, roudircd l»ack hiu soul 
to God a siootid time. — Pergot, Lift of 
St. Seuxrdos, Bishop of Umoif«9. 

Marianne de Jesus ot Qmtoraimathedeial 
(A. n. 1618-1645). (I) Jnno was .-..nfidcd 
by her mother to the care of her aimt 
llariaBne of Quito, and one day, wliilc 
the child was plfiyincr with the mules, she 
V received a is«-vt're kick, which fractured 
her skull. Marianne ordered the child to 
be brought to her cell, and praying over 
It, she healed the wound instantaneously, 
so that none could t< ll whiTi- the fraiture 
had been made. ^See ZANoni, p. )$6.) 

(2) An Indian, in the service of dnnna 
Geroniinp where Marianne lived, jViIon? 
of his wife, dragged her to a wood, 
tinmgled her, and threw the dead bo<1y 
over a precipice. Marianne aaw tlie 
whole in a vision, sent a man to the 
place where tlic body hiy, nnd told him 
to bring it to her room secretly* When 
fhta was done, Marianne rnbbed Vbte dead 
!h)(1v with sono' rosv-U'rivrs. and nlninst 
instantly the woumn '• a re«*ouvrc ta vie, 
la sant^, et Ics forces."— Mgr. Gn^rin, 
Vies d!fs Saints, vol. vi. 233. 

St, iinrtm restores to life a catechumen. 
A young in;in of I'mturs, who wh? n. 
catcchnmen, died suddenly \ and just as 
the body was about to be bnried, St. 
M r'in nrrlvoil. II*' ontorrd the cliiiiiilHir 
where the iMKiy was luid out, wnt all away, 
and ehnt the chamber door. He remained 
in pmycr fer the space of two hourM, when 
he Uuit. wius dead began to revive. Life 
came back at first very gradually, but ulti- 
mately the cate«bnincn left the chamber 
wholly nafeattd to hii uioal health. 



St. Martin restores to life a man vh9 
had hanged hHnaelf. St. Martin restored 
to life a man who had hanged hims(-lf. 
The dead man not only received newness 
of life to his bod^ by the prayers of the 
saint, but wliat is far better, bis mi9d 
was delivered from that despondener 
wliich li:id driven him to rotninit this 
great crime, and be was required to a 
sound mind in a sound body. 

St. Miirtin restores to life the son of 
a poor Widow. When St. Martin was 
btdlop be restorctl to life the son of a 
poor widow of Chartres. He prayed, 
and the dead man lived again, to the 
^'r>at joy of his mother. — Sevwui Sul- 
picius, i^ialojtiei. 

P». MArtln ined to tat M Mi (1!««iplffl, "Hafor* I vu 
mn^i" .\ )-Miop I rc^lMiril >«>> >lrjul mrti to lilt-, U.; (iuc* 
my r'.v^ iiion <inl« one. Bo Ipttd ||;t«rv tftt a do"hl« limmin 
of )li> ii-ni r vht u I VB« nothing : Uit vbcii Vr tMiiMHv4 
Ml ute Ui>uv>un, He dtmlnlitVMl iiU flft of grac* 

St. ^h•^aniua restores to life ike s>m of 
an old ntan. One day an old man of 
Vannes besought St. Melanias to resus* 
eitate his son, who had just died. The 
holy liishi'p, tnrnin;; to the crowd and 
those carrying the bier, said, "Ye men 
of Vannes, what is the good of showine 
yon the power of God hv signn nnn 
wonders, unlei*s ye believe^** Some of 
the followers replied, "Be assured, <l 
man of God, if vou raise this man from 
the dead, we wifl all believe that the liod 
you pre;uh \$ the I^rd inilci<I." Then 
Melanius laid his crucifix on the dead 
man's breast, and said, In the name *4 
.h i^u.'Ji ("lirist of Nazareth, young man, I 
'-:iy uiUo \ ou. Arise." And inimediat4.'ly 
be who was dead arose ; and all the 
whole country reccivetl baptism, and 
professed the catholic apotttolic faith.— 
I torn I.ohiT^t'.-ui. Life of St. MclaniuK 
(Lobiocau wun bis contemporary.) 

Martin, a monk of Prnnpota^ reamd to lift 
fur three dii;/s. Martin, one of th.' hrotlu rs 
nf the monastery of Toniposa, died some 
thn-*' or four leagues a way from home, and 
his body wus t arried to Pompoijt for inter- 
ment. When Uie body was Ueinf; lowered 
into the grave, signs of life were ohserved, 
and suddenly the dead man called aloud 
for St. Gntdo, the abbot The abbot 

nH;r,} i^Iartin wlicnoe he canie, what he 
luid ^eeu, and what bad caus^ his return 
to life. He replied, " I have seen hell, a 
plfloe i>f inde^cnhnhle horror-*, where I SAW 
many of mv kinsmen and acquaintances. 
A>* 1 looked on them with consternation, 
St. Michael appeared to me, and gave me* 
little hmi^ to tMta. Itwatefcsfnotdi* 



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Pt. I.] 



milLU', POPPO, SEKVAalUS, ETC., VALIiRY. 



85 



n*ry sweetness ; and be cotiimanded in« 
to retam to my bndr for thrc« days." 
Brother Martin lived fur tJin-e days, nnd 
the taste of that honoy never left liitii. 
At the end of the three days the ahhot 
g»ve bim his blessiog, aad be died in 

E««t-^Acta Sanctorum (BoUaadists), 
rebSl. 

8i. Phiiip of iVrrt raised Patii Fahria'tu 
from the dead. Paul Fabricius, of tlie 
honse of the Maasimi, died without the 
cnnsolation of seeing Philip of Neri, 
whom he had greatly de«ircd to see. 
When St. Philip arrivedjbe caUcd PmI 
Fabrieiot to fife again. The TeraacUated 
man nin 1^ l is confession to the saint, 
and then died a second time : preferring 
to go to bcftTcn and ba with Christ, tbaa 
to remain on earth expfipcd to tcmptn- 
tions, and in dangerof falling from eternal 
grace.— Father Antonio OatooiOb Xi/# of 
iU, Philip diNtrU 

St. Poppo r*$tort§ to life a thfphard 
nunujlci by a tmlf (a. n. 978-1 04fi). While 
Si. Poppo was ua bis way to the emperor 
Henry, ne aat down to cat hts breakfast ; 
but scarcely was he spated, wlien he saw 
a wolf steal from a thicket with a (•hep- 
herd in ita moatb. Rising on his feet, 
St. Poppo vowed he would not touoh 
food till he had rescued the shepherd. 
Guided iiv the hlodd, he tracked the wolf 
to a swamp, and found the man horribly 
Dianglfld and quite dead. Falling on his 
knoes, St, Poppo pffiyed, nnd the drad 
man came to life, aud i>nrto(>k of the 
aainfa braikfaaL The ^liephenl carried 
to the fcnive a scar on his neck of the 
Wolff toeih. Kverheilm informs us he 
was told this ftner<lrite hy St. Poppo him- 
teU ( and in memory of this "miracle," the 
town of Stavelot, of wbieh be was abbot, 
has a wolf in its arms.— lUdlmnl ^, vol. 
iii. p. 261, etc. (This life v. \s ritten 
by Everheilm.) 

SY. S'-rtkisius drhrrrt'il from the ffun.i 
(a,i>. :iS4). As St. Ser%''a8iua waa 
journeying from Liejje to Rome, be fell 
into the bands of the Hans, wbo were 
ravaging Italy. They threw hfm into a 
def'p ditch till they niatie uji tlieir minds 
what to do with him. At midnight, the 
Hons were much alarmed by seeing a 
great lii^'ht in the ditch, and resolved to 
set Uieir captive free ; but greater still 
was their amazement when thoy saw 
that the light proceeded from the face of 
their captjve, and that an eagk' hovered 
o\ ' r liim, covei in;:; " ' i. with onv wing 
while be slept, and fanuiog him with the 
odier. Many of tba Hnna were converted 



when they saw these marvels, and St. 
Servasius waa set at liberty at once.— 
Father Giles ^llch^^;', Gettu de$ Mtiqim 
de Tontfres, etc., ch. iv. 

St. St verin r<rs<orr« a iromun to liff 
(a.d. 482). A woman, having died after 
a long illness, wat laid at the door of 
St. Severin's cell. "What is it tl;,;t 
you want?" asked the saint; and the 
people replied, **We bare broogbt this 
wonirin here that yon may restore her to 
her family." " Whu am I," said the 
saint, "that I should make alive whom 
the Lord hath token away?" *«We 
know," rejoined the people, "that God 
hcareth yon, nnd if you ask, He will 
deny ycu nothing." Then the saint 
prayed, and the woman, being restored 
to life, went about her daily work. 
" Know ye," said Severin, " this miracle 
is not due to my merits, but to yout 
faith. Only believe, and nothing ia 
impossible with God." (iiee St. Bbnb- 
i>u-r, p. 80.}~/>« PttitB BUkmdittti, 
vol. i. b. 219. 

St. Sanenu ratud to life a dead man, in 
order to cf'Tif'^^s him and ab^tnlre htm f sixth 
century). While St. Scvcniswas pruning 
bia vine, he was sent for to confer the 
sacrament of penitence on a dying man. 
He did not go immediately, and when he 
reoched the hou.se the man was dead. St. 
Severus was horrified ; threw himself on 
the earth ; accused himself of mortal tin ; 
anil said he was worse than a murderer, 
a& ho bad murdered the man's soul. All 
of a sudden the dead man began to 
hreatlie a^^ain, be sat up, and rec«'ived 
the sacrament. St. Severus wept with 
joy, and thanked God. The man lived 
seven dvrs, and then died again in a better 
hope ox • joyful resurrection. (See 
LaraN, p. S3.)—Proprc de Trerca. 

St. Valeri/ raises to It/*: a man who had 
been hanjed' {A.n. 619). When St.Talery 
of Luxeul was at r,;nnaches, a nobleman 
named Sigobard had just condemned a 
man to death, and the sentence was im- 
mediately executed. St. Valenr saw tba 
man suspended by Uio coid, and haatened 
to the ;_'aIloW8. 'ITie executioners drove 
him back ; but, paying no attention U» 
them, he cut the man down, and laying 
himself on the body, face to face, and 
hand to hand, he prayed God to restore 
the man to life. His prayer was heard ; 
the man revivedp and stood on bis feet 
full of strengtb and viUlity. 8t Valory 
now Kiip|dicated Sit^idi.ird to let the man 
go; but he refused, and ordered ttia 
fellow to be banged again. Yalaiy aa- 



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DEAD BAISEO TO UFS AGAIN, 



[Pr,l. 



poatuUted, and said, **Toa have already 

puni^^U'(l him with death for Jiis oiTences, 
aud caaaot in justice puniith him twice 
for the tame crimes, und hnv given bim 
fi nrw life, ftnd in this new life he is yet 
innoceot." bigobard, !^t »'ii)g vhc force of 
Uie nppwlf Mt the man free, and he lived 
many years. A chapel standi on the 
spot where tins occarred. — Bctwinvon 

(1864), /.('.< M^'tiiuts dr Fi 'i7ti /ir O intr. 

St» Vincent J-'errier raiaed a dead man 
lo hfe aifain (a.D. 1867-1419). St. Vin- 
cent Fcrrier, preaching one day at Sala- 
manca to many thousands of people, 
•topped short suddenly, and then, to the 
amazement of all, exclaimed, 1 am the 
angel spoken of by St. John in the 
Apttcalypse — tl\e an^ci wlmh was to 
preach to all peoples and natiooa and 
toni^ttee, and to say unto them, Fear God 
and give Ilim lintnnir, fi.r tiie day of 
judgment is at hand." Then, seeing the 
vast aisemblj axtomshed, he said again, 

I am the angel of the Apocalypse, and 
will prove it. Some of you po to St. 
r'«ul'» g/itc. iiml y<ui w ill find a tlcad man 
borne on men's i«houIders to his grave. 
Hriog him in hither, and yon ebalT hear 
the proof of what 1 tf ll you." Snriso iliil 
as the saint commanded, and set tlu* bier 
in a position to be seen by alL St. Vin- 
cent then luide the dead man return to 
life, and when he sat up, he asked him, 
*• Who am 1 ?*■ The man replied, " Vou, 
father Vincent, are the angel of the 
Apocalypse, a* you have already told 
this vn?t nsepniMy." St. Vincent Uien 
asked if the man preferred to die or live. 

To live," be replied. ** Then be it so," 
said the sainL and the man lived for 
many years.— Algr. Guerin (chamberlain 
of Dope Leo Xllf., 1880), K*m de» SaimU, 
Tol. iv. f. 24iK 

St. Fmomi Ferrierreitcreilolifta Jew, 
irho forthvith ffOtrws a c</niLrt (a.d. 
13/*7-l419). Abraliaut Kzija of Amia- 
Inaia, a very rich Jew, went once out of 
cnrioeity to hear St. Vincent Ferrier 
preach; but not liking his discourse, he 
rose in snger to leave tli.. church. The 
people at the door opposed his passage. 
" Let him go," eried St. Vincent ; " come 
away all of you at once, and leave jlie 
passage free." Just as Uie Jew was 
leaving, the porch fell on him and 
crushed him to death. Then the saint, 
rising from his chair, knelt in prayer, 
nu«l resubcitated the dead man, in the 
name of Jesus of Nasarcth. The first 
words Hkt Jew noke whm be came to 
lite wm tbeee : " Tbe nlJ|^n {rf the Jewi 



is not the tme faith ; the trae ftrith tt 

that of Christiann." Rrlviu' t>:ipT i ,,..l, 
Ezipa, in memorv of this event, cstabli^iu'd 
a pioui fonadaaoB in tbb church. (See 
Devils rkcocmzixo, "That which 
Ambrose preaches is true.") — Peter Raa- 
zano (bishop of Lumw), Li^ 8L 
Vincent Ferrter, 

St. Wul/ram ruiom to Uft a tad namid 
Oton. <iho lout [kch sacrifccd t(> thr,iHls <>f 
the Fnsons (am. G47-7iO). The Frisona 
offered human victims to their sodSi nad 
these victims were nelprlcd by lot. One 
day the lot fi ll on a lad luimed Ovon, 
and St. Wulfran entreated kin;^ Radbod 
to forbid the eacrittce. Hadbod renlicd 
that he dnrst not interfere wiUi the laws 
of the hind, an! arcordingly, Ovon was 
hanged on a gibbet and strangled, in the 
presence of a great multitude. St. WuU 
frnn now pmypd the Lord to magnify 
His name in the midst of this crowd uf 
idolaters, that tlie peo|ile mig^t be turned 
frum tlic error of their ways, to serve the 
living God. Two hours after the exeen- 
tion the rope bmke, an 1 0 \ nn fell to the 
ground. St, Wulfran, running np, said 
with a load voice, **Ovon, I command 
you, in the name of Jcsns Clirist, stand 
up." The lad btouU up. His life was 
restored, and, what is moi«t ipiritwd 
life was given him at the same moment, 
and manv of the Friaons were converted. 
— Labbe' r. rhlet, /Ayat^M^ ^ 0$ 
Diocese of A miens. 

St. Zanubi, bishop of Fformef, raitei Aw 
prrsoiw froiu il- ith li. Uf,' (a. I). 407). (I) 
The fin>t ^it.>rM>ji Hu^i the s<m of a Gallic 
lady, passing through Florence to RMnCi* 
She left her sick son in the charge of 
Zanobi, hoping he would be well by the 
time she retunied ; hut on tin- day of her 
return be died. As he was her only 
child, her Kiict was very great, and sm 
itn|«l(>rcd Zanobi with iniiny tears to 
reittore him to Hfe. /.anobi. by his 

f)rayer and Dm M;;n of the cross, restored 
liin to life, and handed him to his 
uudher. I See Mauiaxsk lJKJt;>L'S, p. ^4.) 

(2) 7 he !<e(-ond instance was that of a 
young man whom Zanobi encountered ia 
the fanbourge of Florence. He waa 
111 iiiLT earried In hi.s ^ravc. The parents 
sitid to the saint, " Yuu have had com- 
iMsaioa on a stranger, and have given 
her son to her from the dead ; yon cnnnof 
refuse the same grace to ^mc uf yuur own 
people." Zanobi came up, touched the 
dead man, raised bis eyes to heaven, and 
iromadiatsly Ufa fetmped to tlia inenipialt 
body. 



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Pr. I.] 



SOLUTION BUGtiESTED. 



C3) The third czise waa thai of Sim- 
pnt-iu!4, an envoy of St. AmbroMi w)i<> 
fell from hifl hor^ down a precipice, aiid 
wiis friiihtrnlly manirled, Zanobi not 
only restored his life, but reh-iltilitaU'd tlie 
body so entirely that no vestige oX Um 
necraent waa dtioernible. 

(4) The fourth instance was the infant 
child of a noble family, who had been 
run over by a carriaj^e, while plaving 
bi'fore St. Saviour's ( 'atlio'lrnl. It so 
bapijcned tliat St. Eu^i'iuiis and bt. 
Cre^entius wore present at the time, and 
joined Zanobi in nrayer for the resuaci- 
tation of the child. Their prayera wen 
beard, nml the child waa restored to 
perfect health, aa if the accident had 
never happened. 

(5) Tlie fifth caae waa the fnthor of 
St. Kugenius, who had died in mortal 
ria wiUiout tlie sacraments. Zanobi, 
Boved to pity at the grief of Eiwenius, 
told htm to sprinkle the dead booy with 
holy w^ator. Tiiis did he, and the de;ul 
man waa restored to life. — John Tortel 
(ar^nrieat of Aftsso), Life of 8t» Ztmobi 
(1433). 

Siiiton Maijxia v^Uuntetred to be buried, 
and mid he would riat Of/ain on the third 
diy. Simon Mapus volunteered to be 
buried alive, and declared he would 
rise again on the third day. His disoiple.s 
buried him in a deep trench, but to this 
d^, taya llippolytus, "they await hie 
resurrection."— Mil man, I/ietirjfitf CSArif- 
ttamtj/f vol. ii. p. 61, note. 



Ko miracle In h<gtl<isr«|>hy U morr comn«>n Ui«r> that of 
KHU>'itatln( ttt« dead. 11 l< iiHikcii tif In ■> off l>:>nd • 
niaiinrr In tUAnj m**. Itixt il iinn inifi fanillL&ritjr. T1i« 
tfim (lv«i »bi>*« ttend out Iwm the onUiuuy run bf 

la OUmt •MNifilM mtgiit iMW ton addad 

•p M almost Indvilnltc amininL II ••niM he dilbll^i tn wt 
tfovn mil Umm phettoiiiota lo IniiKwiliun on tli« pnri of 
Um ofMnttor or nint. biit at thr M>tiH> time It camiMt l« 
denieil tlml the rrw^itiiltv!! of Ihr •l<<^<l oiii nl out- Iuhc. 
MmI i« *UU In ibe Caat, one uf lite couiuiuitea fmikli »r 

1 1 tsw at. Gaaotiara iuivHKr.i 



i it trctt known tbat on* modt of aslorUm moury in 
b by fe(|pili<{ death. Ttie Imitator I* Ud on 



Mtiv* t«d. mikJ wtMiiidi «i'>nM. and bntleM ar« 
MuUy paiiitetl on th<' t«j-ly. (°<iiifr<trniln bring Uie 
k|i|«irrtiU]t il«;id lK>d> ulirip !i .-. Ki ( !im h it.' t)iii|<««lli)r, 
tall Uidr tal« nf woe. and collect what ntuney thrj are 
■Ma far fuiMtid Miinnaai Liantcuant B»»ii* aawraa 
H, If llMtrlckUiw«tuU>«bc<K^I«n."an ainpie altowerof 
OoAaa will be ntvan." and Uie motnant the iiir>it«iv li t* bean 
id cfcaJ up the iMUty decanitw. Ha l«ll< a« lie «a< uiioa 
Ma>iiie al u limiM wlieii Htch a "dtnd iiinii " k.u liniucltt 
In. Si vrell wai the trick pla)e<l. Ui^t allhiMiK>i a «<> iiid 
«iu iftren a ^leclatur wlUi a MlUanl cue. yet no la- 
du^aOun of imln waa mantfeitcd. Ueuteiiant Bmoo, 
bein( wefileioas, iwurad mMtng liot water on una of tha 
iHfc wkm flm "Mad nuut ' itArted up. aitd niada off wltb 
■Il yaaihll ipMA Prubably aoma ol the nuiuerinia in- 
■Ixneaa of rewucltatioii recunleil may be referreil to 
and II call well be laia(incd how tba 



nnt /i 



iVtlMbadrwaskdd 



trick would lia wtly i 
•t tlte feet of MKM alnV 
lo flattrr bf BMUuf hkn tke I 

ailiacle. 

ro'«nt'«ry ,iipJivxiaan4 drnth. Pn>fe»«ir llutlor t«-llj 
tt« a nt >ii mat rijluiitj>ril« |iriKl>ice a*|ibi&la and " d<'a!li " 
Willi the h Ip ol the di«|-lir&i.'ii>, a* /otiowf " If, (ha 
lunK>beltt|( dutrndcii. the nii>ulh and noiaaf«cloMd,and ■ 
•trani aviiifMorx adort la tban amda, tlw lMMl*a^clto« maf 
baitopiiaJ. And tbeHnwraMltoeennKtlwIan^balnf 
tmrllalljrrniptlM. aiHl tlwnioc arni inouthduasd. attroaf 
lii.l i %u,Ty cfTurt k< niaiie " — Klnn^ntarg PhpiMnfg, 
p II*".' \.iriUn.\T\lVk>\\ni\,\nhU > tirrtuirr if i\ Jottrnrf 
in K-\j»«rr>t (1*061, tells u< of in> n nli i l>> ii.n^ prsi lhe 
acquired the power of " h>4 UuK Ibeir breatli for a cun*i«lct- 
■tililkM.lr<l ■■ ■ ■idlB g a fcr a ifcort parlod.ar aMIs 
on« eanld «iMmC flflr. aad Twlatitr lncra»«in« Um iitiml 
to two or more liundredn. aa pe«rI-<lirFr<do." Que man lia 
uirnilont p<n««-i-d (lie |kiwer of •hutting hl« inoiilh, and 
■(■•pping the hilrrlor <i|>rnlii|{ of the ntxtriU with hit 
tutitcir lip t<*tli iM tlmi iliu Wi-tt III lull kLix's when 
•uffaring under the kaati. aomeUme* kiU UirtntaitrM tbua. 

A llMfltl MMMM «l SMIMMUae aUtaMMI li ^ 

n mm & ma. A fllftii by aMMthatia^ Mdi aa dikmfarm. 

ether, etc. A dxtli by hypnntinn, whldi producai iitupar 
limply by acUng oo tba oarvai tbrouich Uia eyet. It 
diffrri frniu wniirliin. la UmU no "salaMl ■MmUMn" 
is iiir,i-<si. ^Otw aar to aMcd. aad vaiIgM HtaM i( 

■epU) sia. 

Tha following aslract lk«nt PauUnoa, tba deacon ami 

btotrapher of St. Ambruae. U to the mnvt foinX. t>iie»kiiig 
of tha Ariana, l>e s>)i, "They caluninlaled the mimelaat4 
St. Aml^uM. and doutty niaiutain*! that he hired paWO M 
to friKii thriii"l«i'< lititid. and Iaii»e. iuhI ttM. wlieti 

U\ry ocrp ItriMulit U> hlui he nuicM linx' Ui>* rmiit uf 
miraculously ht-aling Uaem." Tba reiikaxk U kugge.liv% 
ataii If we •cquit the ardifalabof) of c-unipli< ity. Mo>t 
eatlainly, if the dogmn tbat *'lh*«ndJUBtlfi«« the maana* 
Is •dmltted. even dacapCiaa wmf b* ■■titortuua; MM 
Indand b so. wlien tbanNr tha pour of tba l^liurcb mk 
" the flory nf Cod " arc mppoaect tu be magiilfted. 

St. Serinni dr>tH birU Tlia (iiUowinit anecdote 
furtiter elucid.ilm the lame point. 8' S<<rvAn liad a (irl 
ruhiii «!ji< ti w.u Wont lo (er\l »ut of hii li.ind aod |iertl> 
on hi* (IjouMer ; mud when tiemau duuitail the pMlutr. 
hia Uttla redhrsaat would aap !(• _ 
lustily. Tlta boya under bim. trnbim of on« 
the fiirniirlle pnidl of tha old leiJnt. one day wrung tho 
mbin's neck, and laid the eiuuve on K•■llli<p^ru Kenli«ern 
crii il iMltrrljr when tie liMird the bir<t waa <ir»i\, an-1 
takiii.; it u|i. uwnnl it with Ihe sigit of the croM, pm>iiig 
carnr>tly Uial Uai wuuid rairfota it to lUa. Whan 81. 
Bertaii rauiroad fro« cbarah. Uw ittMa bo^Md to i 
bim aa umal, fla|-t>ln( Ita winai nad eUrptog] 

This Is rcvordnl aaa" niinM-le.''fauti(tgri 
ba so. I my Mil once bwl a f.itourita ranaij very lanta 
Indred ; li'it oiid da>, Im>iiii; frightened br tiif nHlUen 
etitr4Mi<- III »i riiiiKer*. It tiew Into th(i irnr li n. ami toik 
raf«(cc tu a tall luus tree. SatsnU iMtit'ibuun caina to 
Mv M to naptors av ttttia ikvoarlM. and «M flf I ' 
«lUi«rt «f knowMga. Ihj«* ■ mil mck at II. r 
It Ml Ihs hna<l. aiul il fell ditwn on ti>e groand. 
tbMgkltha bird wa* deail, and a medical gi-niieman, 
|iapiH>ned lo l>e In the hou«e at the time, proii<xiii<e«i it 
" uiiiUniljinllt (lead " Hovrter. 1 bud It in «Hil<t i:i.> ui-.tr 
the lire. Fur tevenU hours no sigD uf life appeared, tut 

nat tha bMtna aHMb aa< IvaA anar fan afiwx 

wanlt. 

iTestortMfon ^ ttf* 8»miramU, ThU Itgend la ■ 
manifeet fraud, and yat may be topical of other lersandt. 

At III** rillAKe of Ara tlie king of AnnniU iii«)>ired 
grni i.iiiiu. 'lur'Tii of .\v)riji, with a fatitl i ^ <ri hut 
be refused an alliance of marriage; so U>r timrn tie tared 
war agaiiNt tha Anncniana. but strirtty enjoiued liar 
•oJdtafs on no actwunl to Injur* tba young klnic N<<t> 
w1lh<tniidn)g thi< Injunction, the king was mortally 
woundui In the battle, and tba qiMsn oUaJnad posiaaion 
of the <li-)«'l UkI). Iiilriidlnit ti> restore il to life by 
macinii li'i II r. ill Il IS iireilleai to w%} ttiat her in- 
cantalioiu were |>o«crl<>Mi ; Itut iJie induced one uf her 
farourltas lo parmuate the dead king and (hen (pire utit 
lliAt slie had rastnrrd him to life by Ute <peci,-U f»To<ir of 
bar gud*. wtM "had lickad bis wuunds and cured tlieni." 
In curn<b<inition of this " mitacle." tba vULmc wl»are this 
hi|il «•( «-.! WM erer after cxlkvl l.«-»k iLittcttii. — Tht Con- 
STiiifi , ! '<• Mrwnjer, Junt \5. 1^1. 

M'liii .it,,l drtitht TliM irand »«tj eoriy Had crept In 
Is iixi i< fl til c Ml n ture. a e lia> c tlir ttruiik'nt anil daarest 

■vidafica iMiisU^is. Takfi. Cur aianipia, tba CMa uf at 



e 

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88 



T EAD RF.SrsriTA TKD : HUMAN HinERNATION. 



[Pt. I. 



F.|>lphikiitu» i310-tici). Me ia rppn^ciited in CtirUUan art 
r.iii-inii the artua) deMli of M liM|MMor Wto ftlipwi 

iiiii'wif (tewt. mA hh aeeMnptte* to rtpnttnUd m 

dt maiiillKS of '^liit hf« i-'-toration to H>. Tlii! mu 
In tlic fii'irlh rrn|i;r). niid wittii«n t*<*-«i\iility (if a 
tloutit tlie frrniid «,■».» iioitlver new iiuf uiikiiiiwii. In tlii> 
eaw i;| ii>l!»inii« |ii rrvrcpntrd M harlnc dcleclcii and 
punched tlie (rMid. Ijut Uib ap|)Can In tm circplioruU, 

and H to ao jpMt dmmni on taioMHi tiwltr to bel<er« 

The following cases of volunfauy 
bibernation arc to the Mine point : — 
Human htbematkmy cr nmulated death 

h>/ a Ifhi'Iu fiihir. The fakir Ilamdiis 
had frctjuentlv exhibited bis voluntarj* 
power of hi tarnation to the natives ; but 
in the followinjj instance, qaoted 1)V Dr. 
Brnid, it was exhibited to Kuropean 
ofnccrfi before tbe maharajah and bis 
principal sirdars. Harodas previously 
[)n>p)ired Wmwlf by "forcing his breath 
int<i his lirain ; whereupon the lungs 
collnpaed, and the heart ceased to beat." 
Being ready, he tras fMit into a linen bag 
spaled by the tiiahnrHiMirs private sea!, 
and t'te ba^ contmiuDg the fakir was 
depontod in a deal box^ which was locked, 
■eatcd, and buried in a deep grave. 
Earth was piled over the box several 
feet dci-p. and was well tnuMen down. 
Sentries were now set to watch the spot 
all day and night, and the man remained 
thus itnripd in tlit- tnrtli for six weeks. 
After the expiration of tbe forty days 
the 1m)x was dij«intcni^, the ej-es and 
month of the fakir were moistrned. and 
the man revived. The case is related by 
ca| tain W. G. Osborne in the book 
entitled The Court and Camp of Euujeet 
Situfh (1840). It occurred at Lahore in 
1837. 

Dr. Braid mentions other instances, 
and Meric CoMiubon, D.D., gives se\ eral 
examples in liis Trt'tttl»e concfrnin<j F.it- 
thmiamn, as an £rffct of Sature^ but 
mistaken Inj many for Divuu ItUpinUiim 
or Diafx/'iatl Posi(t s.su,n. 

Ylie cTkMK or Hm'ckIm U wril known, and n<* on tm* 
SoubiftI fttilLnrily. wrh m- lhatof tlrClMMto Mvtin Wiula, 
acting |M>liit(Ml kk-cnt at th« court of BWiiafmiah Bui^eet 
f'\ngh. i>r Uhon : and ToucNd far by rtr C ■.TtvwIrMi, 
rvr. J M. HnnistiMvw. UnwmAf phyridM la Baaitat 
fiiiKti, »:id br iirral Ventura. 

Human hibematiun, or stmuiiitcd death 
among the fiindua. Colonel Fiaser alatea 
that the following case of Hiniulated 
death wasofticiallv reported to the Indian 
government by an engincar <^cer. He 
says it occurred in the presence of hiin- 
feif and another officer, at the court of 
Ii'nnjeet Singh, the Lion of I^bore. The 
faster was a llindQ fakir, who objected 
In **di« and te bariad" tiU eonmandad 



by Kuojeet Siogh. The fakir was a lean, 
middle-aged man. After battling he was 

M-rnpped in a liyht warm cloth, hta 
tongue was drawn liack to the gullet, 
and he was laid on liis back on a hard 
litter with a mat under him. Mr an while 
slabs of stone were prepared ami iut«d 
together, and on them he was laid. He 
was then henneticalljr built in with solid 
masonry, for b« was anxions no opening 
should l>e left, lent the ants should get 
at him. Tbe tomb of masonry was 
bound round with tape, and sealed with 
the rujput's signet, which was handed to 
the officers. Six weeks afterwards tba 
seals wore broken, and the tomb opened. 
The body was found in thesama position, 
but was somewhat leaner. The man's 
tongue was then drawn forwards, and 
warm milk being poured in small 
quantities down bis throat, ha revived io 
about an hour. This is a mon rsoe&t 
case than that of Ilarodas. 

Lictdenant lUnlcdiis case of voluntarg 
hibernation. Lieutenant Boileau, in his 
Narrative of a Journey in Rajwarra ( 1 835), 
tells UH of a man, about thirty years of 
Age, who travelled about the country to 
Ajmecr, Katah, ete., and allowed himself 
to be buried fnr weeks, or even months, 
by any peri'on who paid him hands^omely. 
Kor some days bef*)re his inhumation he 
abstained from all food except milk, that 
he might not be inconvenienced by the 
content-s of his stomach. His powers of 
abstinence were wonderful, and it is said 
his bair eeasad to grow. This roan waa 
put to the test at Pooshikur by an officer, 
who BUS(>ended bim for thirteen days 
enclosed in a wooden Itox, open to in- 
spection on all sides. The result prov(^d 
to demonstration that the man was not 
an impostor. The same man was buried 
in a walled grave covered with Intg* 
stone slaha, and strictly guarded. He 
was exhumed after being interred for ton 
days, in the presence of credible witneaaaa* 
The appearance of the l>ody was aa 
follows : — ** Eyes closed, hands cramped 
and jMiwerless, stomach shrunken, teeth 
jammed together so fa.«it it was needful 
to employ an iron instrument to open the 
mouth that a little water might 1>e poured 
down tlie throat. He revived ^Tudiially, 
and spoke in a feeble voice, as if weak; 
but so far from being distressed in mind 
from his long interment, he said he was 
quite willing to he hurled a'^ain, and 
that for a twelvemonth, if desired.*' 

A case of roiunUtrif hun.an h^iematum 
rtcorded by Mr. Braid, Mr. Braid men* 



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Ft. 1.1 



tions a cn?e of yoluntarr human hihonia- 
Uon made under the direct siiperinten- 
daoM of * British officer. A period of 
nin« dftva waa stipulated for on the Mit 
of the devotee ; but was reduced to tnrM 
at the deaire of the officer, whn fcurod lie 
xaig fc incur blame if the result proved 
fatal. The appearMiee of the body when 
fir-t (]i 'intorreil was quite corpso-likc in 
every re»j)t'ct. No pulsation at the heart 
cool^ be detected, aad no respiration wm 
pen-pptiblc. The means of restoration 
emphiyed were chiefly warmth to the 
vertex, and friction to the body and 
Umbe. — Obaervations on TraHOCfOr human 
HSbfmaHon (1K50). 

Colond Toirn»hfnd had the poirrr of 
voiuntary liiherruUion, Cohmel Town- 
shend and Phul, rajah of Puttiali, in the 
Punjaub, had the |»ower of voluntary 
hibernation. Colonel Townshcnd could 
"die** whenever he pleased, as many 
.peraona can fkint at will. His heart 
would cease to beat ; there wae no per- 
ceptiblc r» <|iiratiuii ; tlic \>(Ay beriime 
cold and rigid, the eyes glassy, and the 
featarea cadaverous. The colonel would 
continue "dead" for several hour?*, and 
then revive. Dr. (.'hcyoe, who gives nn 
account of this strange power, saya that 
colonel Townshend told him "he could 
expire whenever he liked, and by an 
effort of his own will con>e to life again." 
On one occasion he performed the ex- 
pernnent in ttw pieeenee of three medical 
men, one of whom kept hi;* hanrl on the 
colonel's heart, another held his tingerH at 
the colonel's wrist-pulse, and the third 
held a mirror before the colonel's mouth. 
They found all traces of pulsation and 
respiration re;i!»ed entirely, ami rf:illy 
believed that the colonel had actually 
died; but he revived in doe timei to the 
amazement of alL 

Deaf made to hear. 

Makk vii. 32-35. Tli«».v bring unto Je*n* 
one that w&H deaf, . . . ami Ho ].u( Ili* fliif;« r« 
Into his can, . . . and looking up to heavtii. 
Be siKlwd. and uitU. Ephpliaiha (tlutt is Ht 
apeneS) ; and Btraightway bin ears were opened. 

Si. Genevieve cures <i Unrijer vho hui 
hr-cn (l iif for four years (a.i». 422 512). 
An advocate of Pans, who bad been quite 
deaf for four years, applied to St. Getie- 
vifeve for a cure of ins inlirniity. Ti e 
Mint made the sign of the crosn on his 
can, and forthwith he heard plainly. — 
Bollandus, Acta Sunctonm (Vita Geno- 
vefe), vol. i. .Ian. 3. 

Tht cure of the J«if I* too eommon a min. li- i-i iiiirio- 



aud duinbiiM an tQ MHOr ■* U aa linpoator im 
utf olitiMi is «isv ta be tUMd Ihmltr 

Daaxtb fbrestalledU 

Or.s xli. Jii'teph, liMviiift forowarripd Pharaoh 
that (M v< n vt arB o( plenty would be succeeded 
by fw vi ii vi arn of dearUt layt op eon u» 
pruviile ag.iinHt famine. 

5^. He/ni in Reims foliates the examjd$ 
of Joseph in K'Hipt, and forestaltsa devtk 
(sixth century ). When St. Remi waa well 
stricken in a^'C, it was revealed to him 
in a dream that certain years of plenty 
would be followed by a dearth ; so he 
stored up com inCeltomagainat theycan 
of famine. The villa^jers, sii|ipn>iinj; ho 
wa» ^i<in;{ to make a market of his cora 
to their great loaSy Bet fire to his granaries. 
While the fires were atill blazinK, the old 
primate made his appearance on the Si^ene, 
and said to the people, " He sure of thin, 
that (iod will not forget to punish those 
who have done thia misdilef ;** and im- 
meiliately the pea.<tnnts who had fired the 

ijrnnaries became humpt}* — a mark which 
jod set on all their posterity also. Arch- 
bishop Hmcraar naively remarks, " I, the 
author of this Life of St. Heini, can vouch 
for the truth of this miracle, for I hnvo 
often seen the peasants of Celtum, some 
of whom have certainly crooked baelca.** 
— llincmar (aiehlnahop of Reimi), Lift 
of m. Jiemi. 

Th« kwte of Iha v M U ttp h Ml fery (tront. Bt 

Benil died In N3. and Mliicnutr In **5. Hp iKwi Mot tell 
u» who kcV>t ihr iri?ue.al<>«j u( thi' |«M>>oiit» i- r llu- llirf# 
cenlurl«4 liilerrt'iiliij( t^lwcli Kt lUnni iiml hlini><>U, nor 
d<je> h<- (o much a. uijr tliAt tlif till «Krr< tuUI lilm tliat 
Uta (aUwn mmI grandlaUien of Uitwe Jrforined pcasaiita 
wmm hmfHtf m( itmftf. " I b*tr« often Man dafonned 
pataoM In CUtma. ani God. thrca liundrad jrnn afu^ 
puiilitifd Home of Iha M|tl*w of Ibis fttace with dpr<vniilt)r. 
M> tbc deformed pcrwna I haW tern mutt U- th.- dtwiKl. 
aiitj <.>f llii>«» whom God p«int»h<-tl. and hfix^ tl « cmn 
colIrtl!-<l !•) St. Iti-iiil Win :viA) ili- tr ah.I tha 

workt-ri >>( ibe mlacbiaf wars raaUji puiiiaUcd." I4.K.U. 

Delilah. 

JoMM xvi 4-90. Saonon Mi to love with 
Pelilab, wbu was enticed by the lliillotfitea to 
Im tray him. So Delilah Said to Saauwn, Tell 

n\i\ I pray tlio'.-, the mtrct of thy slreDgth, and 
»»li' r( l>v tlm'i tuayi'xt ho botnul to afflict tb«^. 
."■aiu-uu rf|ili<'l, if hf was UiUTiil vsitli «fvrn 
griH'u Willi-, hi- wiiulil !>•• no -ttt)iin>r th.in 
another lunii. IkIiLiIi |>ri..ur'il the ivilh«, 
boun<l biin.uiiil calk-d lorih tin.' l'!i:li-lnip«. wlio 
wore lying in w.iit to takt liiiii iins<jii( r; but 
.Siiinaon b.oke the witha as tow, aD<t Uie I'hili^ 
tinea did not dare to muk-t Idm. D liiah chid 
the strong man for bis deception, and ooaaed 
him apilD to tell hit secret Said Sanuon. If I 
wen iiound with new lepes, I should be poww 
less aa oiber men. 8o Delilah pmevrHl new 
Tvpes and bound blm ; but when the Philistines 
entereil, he broke the Mpea as be bad Miapp d 
tho with-, i l !ij fir; t laid no h»iiid> on 
Dim. A(iaiu IXluub aakeU 1dm »lierpiu hiS 



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DELIVEKKI) FROM I'KISON'. 



[Pt. I. 



(trengUi Ujr. and bow be miKlit be bound t and 
fiit told him he had mocked h«r, hnA bad told 
ber wbut not true. R;»n»*m no* ti>ld her, 
•ajiiig, II you were to w«*vc m ven locka of 
07 bair »ftb ft urtK J *ta<Mikl luxe «ll my 
tIfvngUi- So D^ntah tvienri bii bdr with a 
iJm, and crl»^d. The l'hf!i!Hlne« be ution thr«, 
Him^Mtn. And he awokp, and went anajr wlib 
till' jitn of the iMiitii, Liinl with ihv Web. Mow 
CrttiRt tlmu •»«>■ tli"U li>vL'«t Iiic. laid Dc-lilab, 
ami yot iui>ck hk- thus? Ainl shr j.rr-xKl liim 
day attiT diy. and urtJiil hitn. rll '' nou\ 
wan V( uiiti) <lfMtli." S) ut laj'l In- int<l her 
that be wa» a Naxartte. nri>i c^'U^it qui-nily bia 
liair had never be«'n cut, ami <*o long as ibix waa 
the cue hl» atreiiiith would r<'niaiii unabated ; 
but tfbe brake bi« tow and hi* bair was ^born, 
be WMiid loM bit «rpnsih. and bo nu betrer 
than onllnirjr men. Tben Delilab watched bcr 
oppoitnntti. Md one day, when km fell aaleep 
wfth bfit hMd In ber lap, ahe eat off hto feven 
of Imir. Kntl calle<l f<»r the Phlliaiincn to 
i'>iii»ntul biiid hill). So tbcy bound hint, put 
• lit hi» ' \ N .11 i sriit him to grind In tbe 
pruwu-liouM' > i.L.'A. 

J<MaVian, the youngest son of kinfj 
JknrkUf vkeedlfd out of his three tnfi'smnns 
hi^ a vcoitutn. l>iiriuit, on Ins doilh-hcd, 
bcquentbed his kinjjdom to histldest fon, 
hi8 personals to his second 8on, and tliree 
iniigicAl sifts (« rin^, a necklace, and a 

Cieec of doth) to the youn^'est. Jonathan 
eing, at tlie time of his father's do.ilh, 
too ^-oung to be entrusted with these 
magic*] treasnrea, (hey were given to his 
mother to take rarr of for him. Wlion 
Jonathan became a ytmn^ man, lua inollicr 

Shve him one of the three talismans, viz. 
e ring, which had these two virtues — it 
render<»d the wearer inviHihle, and sup- 
r li il : :ri! with everything he Wanted. On 
iuuiding it to the young prince, she said 
to him, ** Wear it, my gon, but beware of 
tho wiles of women." So .Tonathan went 
into tile wide world, end f« ll in love with 
a Delilah. The woman, ^'n atly amazed 
at his intxiiiuistihio wiallh, whc^'llfd 
♦he Becrt-t out of him, aud induced him 
to give the ring into her keeping, lest he 
should lose it. The love-sick youth did 
so; but when he wanted it agiiin to 
fii|i{>ly his ntci-sitios, fho swure that 
some one had atolen it. iieing in great 
destitution, he returned to his mother, 
nnd told her of hi.^ '* 3Iy "son," she 

buid, I cautioned you aguinol the wiles 
of women, but it is of no use fretting over 
spilt niilk." She then gave him his 
second treaHure, the ma<;ical neckhvce, 
Ihp virfut'-s of which were the sanje as 
Uiose of the ring— it made tbe wearer 
in%'istble, and supplied all his want it. 

.liifrirlinn t^k ihr ol'cI: '.n -r , aiul weiiL 
WAV M« Uiiuie. Wbeu bu old tlaoic saw 



he was «s well off as ever, she soon re* 
tnraed to hiin again* ultimately 

coaxed bin Otit of the necklnre; and 
when asked to return it, witli siuali 
ingenuity of invention she insisted that 
it had been stolen, like the ring. Jonathan 
told his mother of this second Iom, and 
she shandy rebuked liim before banding 
to him liis third gift, a piece of cloUa, 
which would transport those who sat on 
it, in a moment, to any place they likri. 
Again his Deltiali joincit him, and wuii 
told of the virtues of the rug. Then, 
sitting bei^iile him on the limbic cloth, 
she wished to be transported to Uie 
miildk- of a desert, and while the young 
prince was asleepi dxew the cloth from 
under him, transported herself back, end 
left .lonatljan in the de^ert. As "^ ur.qoa 
recovered hi8Strent;ili. and brought down 
destructaon on the Thiiistines, so prince 
Jonathan recovered his tiiree talisnianH, 
and saw his deceitful mistress die ia 
excracMling ■gonjr.— ffcste Emamnu\ 
cxx. 

Delivared from FrisoiL. (Bm 

Pall and thk JAii.kiu.) 

A^Ts xll. S-10. Henx!. Iift\ io)^ s l/M Tetfr, 
put liiiii HI pris.ii). aii>l il' liMi'- il him U.- f'lur 
quau rtituiiit u( soldiers to keep hioi; iuteudSitg 
niter K<«8ier to brln;; him forth to the people. 
I'eier therefore was kept in prison : but prayer 
wan made Mhboiit ceasing of tlieCburrh unt« 
God for him. And when Herod would havu 
brought him forib* the same niglit Pet r waa 
slce|i|»g batweeo twe aoMleri. bound wUUi two 
diitlnx: and the keepers belbrs the door kept tbe 
prison. And. behuM ! tbe angel of tbe ijo^ 
came upon him. and a I glit ahlned in tbe 
pri'-'Hi: /iti'l tli> mipt I siiKjti- I't ter on the- s^i'le, 
und iHiM'il hitii >ii>injr. Ati*e np qtiickly. 
Anil lii-< i li.iiii« It II off Ai.d the ttt)i;< 1 Uj 
bim. iiod tliv.>«ll, und hiiid uii ttiy ^aodala. 
And Hw be did. And the .itiK<*l Mid to blm, 
^ thy gitrnK nt al>r>iil \hv*t, and follow me. 
And be went out, r ilouing tbe atiuel. When 
they were )>(i«t tlv fin«t and tecend ward, they 
ciine to the iru i ^.ae that lesdelh to the city, 
wbicb opened to Uiem of lis own accord : at>d 
ibey went out. and potised on tbr^ugb one street t 
snd fottli»itb tbs angel departed fkum bfm. 
Peter then went to the bouss of Mary, the 
niui it-r of Jo in Ma k, whsTS nauj dlsc^plea 

were g.dliered together. 

St. ApoHo and otfiers delix>rrcd frotH 
prison A'/ nn anjd (a,d. 395). St. Apollo 
went with his monks to visit his brother, 
who was imprisoned for conscience* sake 

ill l*|i|K'r l!;4yjit, in tlu' d ix s of Julian 
the .Apostate. Ihe tribune hap|tened to 
enter the prison while these monks were 
tticre, and ordered the gates to be shut 
upon them, vowuij{ he woitld enlist tbf 



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IV. TO FKJ.IX. r.EItM ANL ."s, ETC., I'tiliuii THE EXOECIST. 



whole lot in the imperial army. At 
flight, while engaged in praver, an angcI 

< aine to thfrn, bearing a lamp, <)|>ei.ed 
the prison doors, and led thorn forth, hid- 
ding them flee into the desert. Thftv 
obeyed the vnice of tlioir div u^f liv^-ror, 
and ail of them escn|>e<i fri^ni turtiit-r iiio* 
la^on.— Palkdiaa, JUstorin iMutitua. 
(PalUdins wm ft pcnoMl friend.) 

8t. Frfix ddieerid from firlton htf<m nrtfei 
rthird <fntury). S\ ! fhx, !»< in^' s("u«<l, 
was heavily laden witli iron chmns, and 
into * diioK«on atnewcd with broken 
Crocker)*, into which no my of li^;ht 
could enter. At midnight an an^el 
enterad the dnn«on, and bade Felix 
depart, and search for Maxinu*, biahop 
of Nola^ who was dying of eold and 
liiin(,'iT in tlio nioiintains. Imnu'iliiili ly 
his chains fell off his neck, handx, and 
feet; th« doors opened of tiidr own 
arcorH ; and. fruidfa t>y the nnu'cl, Filix 
was brought lu lite hiding-place of the 
aged bishop, whom ht found utterly 
exhausted, speechless, and apparently 
dyiug. St. Felix moistened the Hps of 
the old prchite with wine, f<iroe<l a little 
food down bis tbroAt, and chafed bis 
froxen limbo. By slow degrees Bfaximttt 
r^vivrd, nnd then Felix carried him home 
on his shoulderti, and put him under the 
charge of a good old woman to take care 
of him. In a.i>. 251 the Church had 
rest for a while by the death of Decius. 
In ( liristinn ftrt, St. Felix is represented 
with an aagcl striking off his chains; 
and fomctimet as briuui|( Maximui, tho 
n(,'i<l l'ish>'[), either on his shoulder or in 
his arms. — !>t. iiregory of Tours, i>« 
Oioria M(triyrwn^ bk. i.'ch. 104. 

St. Germanus of Scotland olttaim the 
rfltasc of ttrentif-faur yrisontrs ^ tilth 
centur}'). When St. Germanus was at 
HaycQx he asked the governor to release 
bis priflonen, and was refused. 80 be 
left the town in anger, and strikin;.' his 
feet against the city wail to shake oti the 
dust of bis shoes, be kicked down a large 
part of tlic rampart into the fuss. How- 
ever, his anger bein;; over, lie returned to 
the city, and raised a dead man to life. 
Tliese mincks induced the magistratef 
to relent, and they gave bim the prisoners 
be demanded, to the nmnhi-r of twenty- 
fuur. — L'orbiet, //**/< w/rfi/*Aw dAmtifHS. 

St* Jotepk of ArmedMta dklitertd from 
^irt»oH h^! nn cin jrl 33). (jrefrnry of 

I'oursand iit#runiui>, ia \\\» Annals, vnl. i., 
tells OS that the high priest was !^o nn^ry 
with Joseph of AriivatluBa for entumhiug 
Jesusp thai he arrested him and put him 



!1 



in prison. On tbt day of the resnrrco' 
tion, an angel released Joseph from 

prison ; nnd w?ien tho .Ipw.s reprnached 
the guartl f<'r aUowing the b(Mly of .iesus 
to be stolen from the tonih, thev repliofl, 
*' Do you deliver into our liamfs .Joseph, 
and we will deliver into yours Christ ; 
but as you cannot give into our bands 
tlie friend of Christ, we cannot give into 
yonrstheSon of God.'*— Banmius, Armais^ 
vol. i. 

St. Julian of Antioch released from 
pritom bf/ an anjel (a.d. 813). The 
gnvcmnr Mareian lind confined St. Julian 
and his own son Lelttus in a noisome 
dungeon ; but at midnight, one Antony, 
with seven of his scholars, entere<l the 
prison. Presently an angel made its 
ap|)earance, and liade all of them follow 
him. He led tltem through the prison, 
and they came to the great iron gates, 
which ofK-ned to them of their own 
accord, und tlx-y juissed throii;ih. — AcUi 
Sanctorum (Ihdiandus), vol. i. .Ian. 9. 

J'eUir the Holtj L'xi/rcist and Marcellinut 
deihoered from prison by an awjei. In the 
reign of niocletinn, Peter the Ilidy 
Exorcist was apprehended in Koine by 
jndge SSerenns, laden with fetters, and 
locked in a (hirk dun^'eon with bolts of 
iruD. Artemius, the pfinon-keeper, bad 
a daughter possessed with an evil spirit| 
and I'eter snid to him, " If you would 
believe on .lesus Christ tho Son of Cod, 
yonr daughter would he made whole, 
Artemius." The prison-keeper laughed 
at the remark, and replied, If your God 
cannot deliver ymi frum prison, Peter, 
)m»w should lie he ahie to deliver my 
daughter from the power ef Satan V 
Pitir suid, "The Cod I serve can do 
Im Lh one and ihe other." '* 1 will put 
Hi 01 to the test this very night," said 
Artcmius. be it," replied Peter. 

•'This night, then," continued the kee|>er, 
"I vill put \ oil into the inner dungeon, 
lock and holt Uie door uiyself, double 
the chains that hold you, and doable tba 
watch also; then, if your Cod can 
deliver you, I will believe in Him," 
•'Be it so, Arteniius," said Peter. At 
midnight, lol Peter, notwithstanding the 
preeamiims employed, left his dnngenn, 
and i.rcMii'.cd iiiniself before Uie jailer 
and his wife Candida, lie was clad in 
white, and carried in bis hand a erase. 
M'fien Arteinius and his wife saw Peter, 
they fell at his feet and exclaiiiied, 
''Truly there is but one Cod who can do 
after this sort» and that is the Lord 
Jcstts Cbriit whom yon serve." Petci 



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92 



DEBfONlACS Wnil Sl'lKlTS Ob IKUTH. 



ri*T. I, 



tbeii oomnunded the devil to come out 
of PBnlinft, the juiler's dsuirhter, and 

forthwith shf whs niAile whole. i\I)i>ve 
three hundred (MTsons witnviiHcd these 
miimcles, and all of them received 
taptiRm, and continued stoudfnst in the 
faith to their lives' end. Then Art«inius 
ddivercd Peter from bis chninA. nnd took 
him into his own house. When the 
knowledge of these tiling's came to the 
ears of tlic judj^c, lie tonuiwinded that 
Peter should be wnta^ain to the dungeotii 
mtd hit feet made fast in the sloeko. A 
priest, named Marcellinus, was a1>o a 
prisoDei io the same cell. At ni^ht an 
anisel came into the dungeon w^hile they 
were praying, and delivered them both, 
lieing set free by the angel, Peter and 
Marcellinus went to thf hotisc of Artoiniiis 
the jailer, where the new converts were 
met together, and tarried Aere certain 
days, in.struoting them more fully in the 
way of Ohhst. Ultimat<»!y, Pt;ier and 
Marcellionii Artemiuii nml wife 
Candida, were all lichoadcd. The exe- 
cutioner declared, whea he cut oil the 
hetuls of Peter and Marcellinus, that he 
distinctly saw tbeir souls, armyed in 
white, borne np to heaven by the hands 
of an;: St ^- Ai KXASHKitand IIkrmrs, 
p. almost identical.) — Ado (arch- 
Udkop of Trbves), Marti^rolo;/!/. (Bede 
has written the livos nf tiicse two 
nmrtyr«. See also LVube Daraa, ) ics 

St. I'tter JL, architithf^ of Tartntaite^ 
mwnctUmaly dt'Uvfrt three priioner$ (A.n. 
1103 1174). While St. r. ier, I h,- arch- 
bishop of Tarentaisc, was at St. Claude, 
a crowd pressed upon him to obtain somn 
of the graces which he to freely bestowed. 
Amongst others appeared three stran^^ers, 
who came to thank him for delivering 
them fn'm prison. *• We were shut up 
in j>ris(in," they paid, " in Lausanne. 
Here tlie reritul of yniir virliits and 
miracles arrested our attention, and led 
nt to repentance. We invoked your 
name, as one would invoke n saint in 
heaven. You ap[teared to un in our cell, 
broke oor chains, gave us your hand, and 
led us out of prison without U^ing seen 
by any one, or di.sturbing the guard on 
watch." — Geoffrey (abbot of Ilaiiin uinl. i, 
l,tj0 of i*tster 11.^ etc. (written nine 

Csis after bi» death by order of pope 
cius III.). 

P'-tcr dflM not Mm to hare known whitt tho 
prix'i.tTi t«U him. It •yymmn tlist. brinx Invoked, hia 
" •loutii*'' mt»\ te> t nii» it 1 tlM dupUcsM of St. 
Wnrul«Wl»tlSlfttlWlO<" ' - ' 



Bcbert dt SHl€ delivered from priaon bu 
the Virffht MoTf^ (a.d. 1866). When 
Tean le Pon, kini; of France, f 11 t > i; 
tive into the hands of the Black Priuco, 
the sieor Robert de Si lie' was also taken 
prisoner, and the Kn;^'lif;h demanded 
three tliousund tiorins for ransom-money. 
As his wife, JeMiMlI«iedoMailM,eonId 
not raise this mun, she prayed earnestly 
to the Virgin to come and help her. He'r 
prayer was licard, and the Virgin Mar}-, 
enlerinif the cell of Robert, broke olf 
his ^Tnt and tet him free.— de 
Poisu'.'uiltier (her confeMOr), Lift o/ 
Jtkinnc Marie de MaUl^, 

and nuvie hl< r«eat*- 

'jyic prison iculls of Rennes fall dotcn 
when the dead bodi^ of St. Meiam'm /xtssfs 
by (A.D. 6^), When the dead body of 
St. Helanitif was carried in grand pro- 
ces-ion through Rennes, the chanting 
was heard in the prison, where twelve 
thieves were connned. The tiilevee 
joined in the chant, and tlie prison walls, 
Uiuugh built of stone and very stout, 
were rent from the top to the bottom. 
The thieves being tbus released invoked 
the mercy of GotI, and were numbered 
witli the elect, -horn Lobincau (a con- 
tem]H>niry), JLi/a of St, Mdomi (or 
Melaine). 

Demoniacs poBseSMd witil 

Spirits of Truth. 

Mark hi. 11. 12. UncWn Kplrlta. when they 
saw .lesus, fell down lielore Him, and crieo, 
Miying. Thou ait the Son of Ood. Ami Jestw 
ftraitly charged thsm that ihsy should not 
11 tk. HiiD kuwwo. 

.\iA.KK V. 2-lS. Whm Jems came to the 
country of the Gadanmcs thurv met II Im a nijiu 
wtih .in unrt««a!i npiril, who bul h\* ilwi l.lxg 
aaiung the iKiiibs , diiil wh- ii he , . ■ i, -if.ir 
oO. he rah a>>i\ \« i'i>lii)ip>'<l Him. uinl cn-U wiik 
a load \u\ct\ U ii.tt Ikui< I lo ito wiiii TbSS^ 
Je^UK, Thou .S>n ot the nm-t liif;h <uA * 

LuKK Iv. 3.(-.<5. In the t>yiiag<^gue there 
wsM a man which YanA a spirit uf nn tinil<>^a 
devil, and he cried with a lo id voici'. Li t as 
aluae. Tbon Jesits oT NaxarHb. 1 know Thee 
who Tbwn art ; the Holy On* of Ood. 

Tht derii teils Mine, de hermond whff 
he hates her. Mme. de Hermond was 
especially obnoxious to the devil. On 
one occasion she found her.-elf uncon- 
sciously in the presence of n demmiiac, 
and the demon tried to leap on her, 
crying with a lou l ye!!, " n;t, ,,fft you 
burn me ! " Mme. de Beruiond, quite 
fearless, went up to the demoniac, tad 
fi|iat in liis frice. to show her contempt. 
1 ii« demuu, luruius, said to her, " I will 



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Ft. I.] 



DEVIL DEFEATED. 



98 



direei ail mj efforto and all my craft 
agdM* fhw and ihy liatodi dsagtiteftt 
•fwn nore f^inn riu^ainst other relipioiis 
wAenJ* *' Why bu, wrotoh?" demanded 
Mme. de Bermond. •'Why?— ask me 
-why?" ^cre^amed the foul fiend; '*l><- 
cauii« tiie instructions which you give 
to these children wean them from nie 
and mina. So, look out, I say, for my 
liatfed and nige fhall be employed to the 
ntniMs^. to keep children frum joining the 
Ursolinei." — JLc$ l'§tii& iSuitandistes, vol. 
#L p. 838. 

Demoniacs meal th» plaoe wh^t St. 
Sotctnntus was buried (a.D. 509). St. 
Solemnios assisted St. Kemi in the 
baptism of Clovis, and died at Uailli in 
the year 609. He was buried where he 
died, in the crypt of the church dodicatftl 
to the Holy Virgin. This church was 
dcftroyed by pagans, and the body d 
tha biahop, by the dose of the crntury, 
was wholly forgotten. Thi; subject 
cropped op suddenly by some curious 
ph^iDMUi which excited public atten- 
tion. It was obaerred that ever>' Sunday 
nijjht a mystcnoiis light was stcn on the 
top o| the moontain where the church of 
Hm Uoljr ViiiKiii oaad to alattd, and while 
men were speculating ori flu rui^r of 
these mysterious flames, two dcmuaiacs 
from the baailiat of St. Martin came to 
the mountain, crying out, ** Here rests 
Solemnins, in a crypt below. Open up 
tlie tomh, and honour the friend of God 
aMordiiig to hi« deserts. Do thia, and 
jam covntry will reap the benefiL** 
The p<s-)ple accordingly took spulcsnnd 
opened the earth, till they uncovered the 
crypt and found the tomh, which the 
demoniacs declared to be that of Solem- 
niufl. The truth of the matter was 

E roved by the many miracles performed 
r the icUcs thus .diaoorered. In the 
tfeventh century it was determined to 
removr thr body to (liartrcs, hut on 
arriving at BUjis, Uie body was deposited 
for a night in St. Peter's chapel there, 
with the intention of renewing: the 
iouraey on the morrow ; but when the 
bearers next morning attempted to lift 
lha coffin, it waa found to be so heavy 
ttu^ no bmnan sIrenKtii conld move it. 
This miracle a\ <■ n -ulerfd to be a plain 
indication of the will of God that the 
body was to remain where it was. So 
the old cha|>el of St. TN'ter of I5Ioia was 
rebuilt, and dedicated to bt. Solemnius. 
In 1568 the Huguenots burnt the body, 
hot aoma of the oonea being rescued were 
•Hiiad lo Ghnitm. and the head waa 



pceMrved in St. Mary'a of Bloii, till tha 
time of tta reroltition. Sven to tfia 

prf jii Tif liny Septenibf^r i''> ^served as 
the anniversary of tiie sauil « death. — 
Dupr£, Notices stir le$ S-tiutrs df hinia. 

' Possessed by a cat. The following is 
taken from the North Chintx Herald^ 
Nov. 1, 1881. It ia very generally be- 
lieved in China that if any person' kills 
an animal firom wantonness or cruelty, 

( the :^''ul uf the dead anininl take 
possesfion of the murderer's body till the 
guilt has been expiated. An instance of 
this is said to have nrciinrd recently at 
Yanuchuw. It is as follows:— "A man 
and bis wife had a favourite cat, and this 
cat gave birth to three kittens. Like 
moit oUier domeatie animals, this feline 
family had its thievish propeni»itic«, and 
waa constantly stealing sundry titbits 
which tha aervant girl had put aside for 
her own private eatinp. At la«t the 

firl got BO exaspemted that she killed 
oth cat and kittens, one after another, 
in different ways. In a short time the 
girl was taken violently ill, mewing and 
scratching like a cat, and di.^playing all 
the symptoms of rabies. Her miatrcsa, 
suspecting the true eauM of iBbt i^rl'a 
attack, apostrop'ii'ri the dead mother- 
cat, demanding wliy it had come to haunt 
the body of the girl. The cat, speaking 
through the girl's mouUi, then recounted 
the ill treatment it ha<l received, and 
said how its little ones had been killed. 
One had been drowned, another worried 
by a dog, and a third burnt to death. 
All this waa said by thn girl herself, in 
the character of the cat. At hut tha 
girl died in convulsions, at the feet of 
her mistress." Stories of this description 
are linnlv believed in bv the Chinese. — 
AVftef am} Qimtsm, Jnly 188i* 

Devil dcfbatad. (Saa Coxfaow 

Ifiw. vL lloia. Put en tiie wbole armoar of 
God, thai je nuiy be able to sund iig.iin«t th« 
wnft«ofth* derlt. For we wnntle . . . .i^;uinst 
prii" ip.tHticx, M(friiii>t p<irtrr'«, Afri^i'i't t^'*' ruirrw 
of the d»rkn"^«>s of tUiK wiirM. iij{iiiii-t •^fiiiMn;»l 
w ickediK In lil^h jila' i"^ \\ licrcfurt' take 
unto \ oii ilif whulc armour of Oud. that ye may 
be n)<i'' to ^v ithfUtid to tba evil dajtaad havtog 
done all, to Ktand 

lioM. V. 30. Where sin abooaded, paw did 
much more abound. 

Mark iit. 2*. Verily I soy unto you« All 
stnit shall be forii«'n onto toe sons of men, 
VhI Call] blaspbeiaiea wherewltb aoevar Itogp 
sball Uambnaa. 

Peter denied Obrtxt, even wHh cnrsiag and 
■wearitiK. bot Peter waa a flboam vesMl auto 
bunour. 



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Sftol WM csWrA to be the apostle Paul while 
In the vrry art nf brejithing out threalf ninps 
and itlaughter against the UUcipleii of the Lord. 

Lt KR .x. 18. ItalMldSMuiMllBbtiiinKMl 
tfna heavi ti. 

J>aiN xii. 31. Now aball the prince «f Ikli 
Wurld In; ca>* out. (Sc« iil<*o xvl. 11.) 

Rkv. xU. 9. The great dragon wa« cai>t out, 
bat old serpent, called the devil, and Smm. 
which drcelvHh the whole world, wa« Mat OOt, 
AOd his angels with him. 

7%e devil put to /light bif St. Benedict 
leith a whip (a.d. 480-M8). A certain 
monk felt an irresistible averMon the 
long mcDtal pnyen of the Beoediciine 
monks, to when the Mslmody «id offiee 
were finished, he used to steal out of the 
oratory and go to active work. The 
•nperior had oHen admonished him, but 
all to no purpose, so at last he took him 
before St. Benedict. The refractory 
briithor prnmiscd amendment, but his 
resolution lasted only two daya* and the 
•nperior strain complained to the abbot. 
St. lU'Tipiliot afipointed Maur to Ik? his 
eompaaion,Hnd when prayer-time arrived, 
the brathen said to the superior, " lx>ok 
there ; do you see that little black imp 
which keeps pulling at the cloke of 
Maur's companii>t> ? " "No," .snid tlic 
■nperior. " Then we will pray that Hod 
will open your eyes." In two dajrt the 
superior saw the imp ptillin;; the monk 
by the sleeve. St. lU-nedict followed 
with a whip, and flo^^red the monk till 
he scoun^ed the offending Adam out «»f 
him. The cure was quite effectual, for 
never more did the imp return to tempt 
ttw monk, and the monk no longer 
•hirked his religions duties. — St. Gregory 
the (jreat, Dialixjws, bk. ii. 

St* Ihuutan and the danl (A.n. 925- 
MS). St. Dnnstaa was not only a theo- 
loi,M(in and stnt<'STnan, hewn? nl.HO n pood 
painter, architect, and musician, a founder 
of metals, and skilled workman in gold 
and silver. One day, while he was 
eeenpied en somewotk in silver, the lyre 
suspended on the w(ill<< of his cell began 
to play spontaneously, as if struck by 
the handn of ang* Ia. The tnne it plftyw 
was the Md'jmjicat.* 

On another occasion, while working at 
Us forge, the devil, that enemy of all 
good men, kept wanderins nmnd the 
anvil, hindeifnfr Dnnstan in his work. 
Dnnstan, gre.-itly nnnuycil. took his tfn-_"*, 
led hot out of the furnace, and seized the 
intrader by the nose. Father Cahief 
tells iiief**iiMTieiUtalnppe ennsenrde 



en Angleterre, oi\ ce fait est represent^. 
— MiT. (iiierin (chamberlain of pope ' 

Xlli. !, Wcs (h's S'lints, vol. vi. p. 20. 

l>r Y'rvcmxn j r ili.it, Ijr n-fcr* In tti j l<".^-'id, when ha 
Mkn {Old /iL.r .rj. p. 1A4), "Manr Mruiai 

iluries ar« UM u( (.St. I'tiiiitKiii ••Mct«ll)r uiie rerjr lUlf 
one.** To ttii« 1 cannot acrM. fitom who ttudv Uta 
lire* or the ninli will know. Uimt wtnlprer tmpcdra loud 
work WM Mllml n H'rU. wlirthrr 't>s "«■ h.irm-, win. I (W 
•ccideill, man irr wliat noi A Ii^fi r lul •Tini; nU ut :>>« 
luiiiOi> wmdIiI, ill lh<- litrij^i»f:v i>f Ilm tunes. >• called a 
((•III. mi l II ii i|iitlc III >'li4inirlt-r with ."^l. DoHlM Si 
turn lam nut witli liU r«(l-bul (orce^x ar toiit^s. 

St. Patrick drives avivj the demons thnt 
tried to oppose his laiidtmj in Ireland, 
When St. }'ntri< k went to Ireland, the 
devils, knowing lie would be a formidable 
adver."«iry, formed « ring round the ii^land 
to keep him off : but the saint raised bis 
right band on high, made the sign of tiie 
cross, and they fled. We are told thai 
he alone could see the iofernal cohort.— > 
Jocclin (Iwelflh eeotaiy), Lif9 of A. 
JPatrick. 

8t. TheophHus breaks his compact w3h 
the devil (sixth century). Mgr. Guorin, 
from whom the following narrative ia 
abridged, introdvees tiie life of St. 
Theophilus with these words: "Nous 
]'avouon.<t, ce sera avec piaisir que noos 
ccrirons ici I'histoire de St. Tbt^pbile, 
penitent, puisqu'elle fera parfaitement 
connaitre au lecteur combien la sainte 
Vierge est misericordieuse envcrs U-s 
{M^cbenrs, et comkMen eUe a de pouvoir 
pour les tetirer d«t aWmes de Tenfer, oh 
lis pcraient jirr'cipiU^fl fi.'ir Itnira vices, et 
par la violence tics tentations." From 
these words we infer that, in the opinion 
of the chamberlain of pope l/Co XIII., 
the narrative which ensues is strictly 
historical. And as his work is highly 
commended by the chief dignitaries M 
the [Komani, 'Catholic CSrarra, we may 
cnrliiile that there is nothing in the 
narrative out of harmony with their faith. 
And, tiiirdlv, as the seventh edition b(«ife 
the date of \HHO, n<i cliargeof obsoleteMM 
can be laid against it. 

In A.u. 638 Theophilus was treasnrtr 
of the Church of Adsa, in Cilicia, and 
discharged his dvtkt to Kooouably that 

he wtis elt .'tod bishop^ boft dceUlMd fto 
accept the office. 
Now came a great ehange. He was 

slanderoasly accused to the new ttishop, 
deprived of his office as treatturer, and 
retired into private life, boiling with 
anger and longing for vengeance. A 
certain Jew, who lived by sorcery, hap- 
pene l to ri-i<le in the neighbourhood, 
and, working on the evil spirit of the 
iadiiMl bin to make • 



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DinrtL fVLL OF 



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with thf devil. To this end he had to j 
•bjure the Christian faith, dtnf Qirist 
Md the VirgiD, aad aign th« eompact 
with his blood. 

In the iiR'an time, the new bishnp 
hftving diacoverad that the charge against 
tfw um lifMHffr wat Mm, relaatated 
Thenphilus, declared him innocent of ever)- 
charge brought against him, and hca|)cd 
bommr upon boooor on him. Tbeofihilus 
now bitterly npented of his compact 
with the devil, and prayed for forgiveness. 
The *' llo!y Spirit advised him to apply 
to Man-, the fountaia of mercy," and to 
Mary no cried for mercf. torty days 
he made his supplication, with fustinc 
and penance, when " the mother of God 
▼oodMofed to apfiear to him, robed like 
• queen, full of majesty, but with dis- 
pleasure plainly marked upon her face. 

Why, wrct*-h," she said, ''do you 
■ddreaa joarself to me ? Would it not 
boTO been bod enough if yon had inralted 
mc, but must you blaspheme my Son 
also? I can well pardon offences, but 
blasphemy against my Son is far more 
heinous." Theophilu» pleaded hard for 
mercy, ?poke of the Nincvites who 
obtained mercy, of Kuhah and David, of 
Pater and Paul, of Cyprian too, who 
pnetised tlio Uoek tut, and woi ytt • 
martyr and a saiut. The holv Virifin, 
touched with his contrition, bade him 
confess his sine, and then promiosd to 
bring back word what Christ said on the 
subject. Next night she returned, told 
Tbeophilus that his prayers and tears 
trcfo oeeepted, and if he continued faith- 
fnl to tho end her Son would give him 
eternal lift. Thfophilns now impl(ire<l 
that the eontnet he had signed might be 
VMlofed to him ; mad in throe days he 
found it on his breast, as he was getting 
out of U.d. It was Sunday; he went to 
early prayers, and gave the document to 
the bishop, telling him the whole story. 
The bishop bean! him, absolved him, 
and made the oonfession the subject of 
bis sermon. The peroration of thi:* dis- 
ooarso was a aiaatrnrfeee of elofpience, 
setting forth the boundless mercy of (iod, 
the resistless intercession of the Virgin 
Vary, and ever abiding hope of the true 
penitent that all sins shall be forgiven 
unt;> the sons of men, and all the blas- 

Ehemics wherewith soever thev shall have 
lasphemed, for where sin hatk abounded, 
grace hath modi more abomided. The 
Bishop then bade Theo{ihilua approach 
the altar, and receive his God ; but 
tbiopMlM woold Bol liia fioai tho 



j ground till the bishop had burnt the 
contracL 

" Qui n*adroirerait ici les merveilles de 
la divine Providence ; et qui ne craindrait, 
vi'vnnt jusqu'en quel abiuic pent tomber 
nn homuie accabl^ de tristesse, et emport^ 
par la tentation 7 Mais qai ne bAiirait b 
jamais la bontc^ de Dieu de nous avoir 
donne' une tres-puissante mediatrice en la 
sainte Yierge, Mere de Misdricorde, et 
asile assure de tons les p<^heurs qui 
I'invoquent avec un desir sincere de SO 
convertir 1 ** (SOO UiLM OF FMrrVOAL, 
p. 6G.) 

nta Mdrr b IsU to a TIMI * Uaa." In a •* vsntti* 

da BeMUTkin." And In a " mtit trmpan ' of Voire Dmm 
4e Park*. " On roll fat Notre iMmel * la Un«e luf^eur* 
le A^tniitTt qui I'alioache Avn- un iniiKlrirn |hiIi avec un 
il^iiioii. t'r^ (If 14 tl f* (>rl>^l'•rIl<• d- vjiiil uiip imjuc ile 
Marie; et otiUcnt que la dUtt>le wit tart4 <1« le deataUIr ctu 
bUMOprtiMrM. SawwMttosSyiMftMtnnwSs 
M «risiatt pris r*i<9B»S« Mia j wg w i t tto a j* jB s ais Is 

g ■»■■.*.», issi.)"-r«M^SMi<i»wLS.pi>. Ms <aa 
Bevil ftdl of AU MiaobleC 

In the first chapter of th«» H«>ok of Job, Satan 
is reprc'Sj iiUil as tin- in^truniPJit of all 111-* ••vll*, 
the lo«s of tiis IliKrkN hikI Ik tvIs ll>e tlrath of liis 
rhildrt-ii, the rit'titrm tiun of his iiouses and 
barns, and th<> liit;litt'i 1 Unla and bWoS With 
which his body was afllictcil. 

Mark Ix. n. Ofttimcs the eril spirit hath 
cast him into the fiie, and into the watcf^ to 
destroy him. (See also 1 Chron. zsL I.) 

St. Enphrasia ill treated hij the dtvU 
(a.o. 412). The devil, being unable to 
attack the sonl of St. Euphrasia, tried 
to disqualify her body from performing 
her daily tiuks. With tliis oljjt-ot in 
view, one day, as the yonng maiden W' nt 
to draw water from a pond, the devil 

Enriied her in, and she would certainty 
ave been drowned, if her good an^'c I 
had not held her above the water till 
asflistanee eame from the convent. Hear- 
in;; hff cry, st'V'oml of the sisters ran to 
the pond, and drew her out. *' 0 Satan," 
said she with a smile, wlicn safely landed, 
" I pray the Lord Jesus Christ that J4m 
may never triumph over me." 

Another time, in cutting wood, she 
cut her foot with the bill-hook, and the 
pafai was so ffreat that die fiialed. Somo 
of the sisters came, and carried her into 
the convent. When she came round, sbo 
returned to her task, being Molfod iv 
fight with her great advenaiyao loag sa 
life remained to her. 

Another time, Satan pushed her fn)m 
a third-story window to the ground ; but 
by the guaidian eare of her good angel, 
she was picked up safe and sound. 

On one occasion, while cooking vege« 
labloi, tbo oTil apml oveitomad «m oar 



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the boiler full of boiling; wat«r. The 
sisten fully expected »lic wnuld he scaldod 
most torri'bly ; but Euphrasia prot«»te<i 
to them that the water felt quite cold, 
•fid had not hurt her in the least. 

Mgr. Gtttfrin remarks, *'L>poux 
ctflo»te permvttait one le dAnon ^pronvit 
m\n»i la personne ao sa him-aimee, afin 
de la rendr« plus illustre, ei de nous 
doDiwr k ooiuiaikre que le dimon ne peat 
ricn c(»ntre ccux qui sont seoourus et 
fortif!($8 de »a nmin toutc-puissante." — 
X«t PeMs HoUandMn (7tli wlifc. 1880), 
vol. iii. p. 891. 

ThM M« |0«d MUmfAm «r Ow **ino4« of rvlivlani 
thoogbt** »t Uie Uiiml w« ihonW call these " nn i.i.ni*," 
or iha "fMulU of cMelowicsi. cluuKiKe-*, or v..in\ uf 
■kiU.** Eopiinuia call Umm ' ' Ute work* o( Um dvvii." 

As St. Oermanus of ScoUaniwOi arost- 
iwj the Channel, the (I ' d tried tO droWH 
/um (fifth century). When St Germanus 
crossed orer to France the leeotKl time, 
tlie devil mounted the poop wliile the 
saint wa» nsleop, and so overwt i^hled the 
TCSsel that it nearly heeled over. Ger- 
manus, being roused' frona his sleeps saw 
the cause of the mischief in a iwoment, 
made the sign of the cross, thf; vo^i^el 
righted, and the devU was tinned " dans 
let aUmM d« renfer.**— CorUet, JIa>jio- 

Devil taking Men np into the 
Air. 

M ATT. I V. 6, 8. Tbeclevll Uk«-th Jesus np Into 
t)K' iioi v city, and ■Weill Him on a pinoacla of 

the temple. 

Agjin, the devil tak< tb Jr^u* up Into nn 
cxceedina high mountain. [VVheu the devil 
left. aaflNscaioe aud mlatateml to Jerasi] 

Satan carries up SUtt-r r,nu.'Jirta to 

innc<x»$M« tvok», church spires^ and other 

iofti/ eminaiea (A.o. 1648-1718). Some- 

fuiK's tlie denril would pot Sistrr limrdicta 

on the top of an inaccessible rock, and 

leave her there ; but her fruardian an^el 

always hcljied her down again, and carried 

her safely home. More than twenty 

times, the foul tiend left her on the roof 

of the chapel of Notre Dame de I'Krable, 

bnt her angel not only lifted her down, but 

al.so opened the chajiel door*, that fhe 

might there recite her rosary v^iih hiui. 

Oneefhewaa left for two whole days '-siir 

le roc, ou rai^^'le niche, oil Satan I'avait 

nidcment laissee tomber."— Mgr. Gu^rin 

(chamberlain of pope Leo XIII.), Vig$dc$ 

Stunts, vol. V. pp. 2l'6. 2-27. 

(Mm' Kartiailon. bUhopof Gap. Unollecfln««Kh data M 
Ikiiw to eflrct caconUaUon ol 81*l«r Banwlict*. IStti.) 

The devU ajrriet St. Gertrude von Gotten 
up into the air (a.d. 13&8). Tbe devil 



[rr.t. 

wa<« not likely to witness tiie extra- 

ordinary virtues of St Gertrude von 
Oosten without jealousy, but being wholly 
nnable to tronbie her thonghta with vile 

sua:^:rstions. he cnrrii^d li^r up into the 
air, an«l then left hold of her, so that she 
fell violently through the air to the 
ground. No doubt she would have been 
dttsbed to pieces, if God had not given 
Uis angfels charge concerning her, to bear 
her ia their hands.— Kite Semctonun, 
Jan. 6. 

Devils asBiime "Divwn Forma. 

dm. 111. The d; vil rt'-iino'-* the form i>f a 
aerpftit, or enlirltiR into i\u- l>o-ly of a M.'inerit 
employs thai antinal an lii> «((eiit. In Kov. 
xii 9 be is called " that old wri>ent, the devil, 
which deoelveth the whole wurld " 

1 PRT. V. t. He Is likened to a lion. The 
apt«tlesA]rsofthlawickedsplrit» "Asaroaitac 
lion he walked! about, aseUng whom be wj 
devour." 

Ukv. xll. 7. He Is reprrvntrd as a dragon. 
"Thnrt? was war in li» aven ; Michael and bls 
angels fought 8g«tn«t the drano'i." 

(."A. xxvil, 1. lie i* calletl /erta/Aan. "In 
that .lay Hm' i/ird shall piioUh Isvialhsn, that 
crooked •>■> rvx ut " 

I.UKKX.IH. The Tx>rdsay% '«IlNheld8slBD, 
as ligktnivg. Ml from heaven." 

H« Ute hUmOt In omhiImi, •|4tetillei. and ofW 

dlaM^d Mki SontetlmM anuims il>« wmManoe of an 
aiisri I't light. Sontetlnia eiiUtn into the Ivdlet of 
prophrlt ui rtialic tJieiii pmplifwy f.dwly. Wh*lr»»T 
t«iii|>t« to sin U cal'nl lin w.>rk. wlirther lying. coTel4iu»- 
ntaK. anger, or an/ ot tirr evil , nay. more, vbalever oppoao 
or prvrenti nUsfcNU dutl«i ia awritai iseWiaUc — 
Thttt W0 mm! ; " g<ie)quef(ifs 0 ft ndlS 6m IcoipSUii, «t 
fait laiattn m Fair <!«• imagm noln et 4twia, |irMi 4 w 
rteodra an plule et «n grtlc afin que la moode qui tlmit 
a<i •••nnon. rn plririe mmtiewnc. *> rrtirit promplemrnt, 
rt nll:U > ha-rr tx r un nliri ciani le. nial.ion>. II a prt* auad 
la liKure dp rhcmux fougueux <iul wniblalent vciiir faiutra 
■ur rau<llt»lrc. pour en Iraubler I'attMiiJod •( inl«rro«n|a« 
le mint au mill«<i <I« ton dhcoun."— M|t. Go4i1n (cfaM*. 
beTlaiii ot pojie Lfo .Mil l, ' ic^ </«j .viinM, v-.l, i». p. rH. 

ThedevU^ dituHised asan anchorite, tempts 
St. Vincent Ferrier (a.d. 1857-1419). 
On one occasion the devil, disguised as 
an anchorite, accosted St. Vincent 
Ferrier, and said to him, " I am an old 
anchorite living in the deserta of tbe 
Thebaid. When yonng I lived a merry 
life, but that did m-t hinder my arrivrn: 
at great purity as 1 grew older. Let me 
advise you not to enfeeble jour atreni^h, 
which will be Kf|niied for preaching. 
Remember that discretion is the mother 
of all virtues. Take an old man's advice, 
and rememlKT that a tire which bums too 
liercelv soon burns iti<elf out." The 
temptation was doubtlessly plau.^ible, but 
St. Vincent saw Uirough it, and aatd to 
the tempter. ** Avaant, Satan ! I wish to 
give my youth, as well as my old age, 
to God*. Hementber thy Creator in tbe 
davs of thy yonOi. while the evil days 



DEVIL TAKING MEN UP INTO THE AIR. 



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DEVIU m DIT1EB8 FORMS. 



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come not. nnr the years drnw niph when 
thoa ib«lt Mj, I havQ no plewura ia 
tfMflD.** And wo Uie Umpber left Mm. 

^n^>f^/T in,<!f'invr. Not lonp afterwards, 
the tempter npp<'nrcd l>efoFe St. Vincent 
AfCain. Thif« time he had taken the guise 
of an KtlMopiriri, ami threatened him with 
war to thf deaih. St. Vincent merely 
replied, Sntan, He who has commenced 
a good work in mc will give me courage 
to proceed. In Him is my trust." — L'abb^ 
A. Baylc, of SL Vmemi r$tritr 
(1866). 

iptiM of 0 NflOUlMi^ 
appears to St. PmnfnH {a.v>. 4f»0 "13). 
\\ heo St. Benedict, aitcrwurU^ abbot of 
Mount Caaaine, first retired to the caivfni 
in Subiaco, some fifty miles west of Rome, 
Satan resolved to stamp out at once one 
who would otherw ise prove agreat encmv 
to bit kingdom upon earth. With thiis 
oil] act in view lie tnuiafomad himself 
into a blackbird, and Vpan to flutter 
round the hermit: sometimes approach- 
ing so near, that Benedict might hare 
raupht it easily if he hid put t»ut his 
iianj. The young soiiury, however, 
being suspicious, made the sign of the 
croas, and thia ahowed him that bis 
ansDietea waa well fomided, for Ite turd 
in<itnnt1v disapt>enred.-~^|^ Amdknim 
(Bollandists), March 21. 

Th§ devU assumes the guitt of a black 
horse to dininrh the (•onqrirjatirin assembled 
to hear St. tei(T of Venjjic preach (a.d. 

The devil was very angry 
bacan a a such vast crowds gathered to> 
gether to hear St. Peter of Verona preach. 
Our rlriv, when the crowd was greater 
than usual, the devil, in the fonn of a 
bteek henn, raabed into the midst, atam ]>- 

ing npi^n many, and friphteninp niorv. 
The saint aimply made the si^ of the 
cross, when the' phantom vaiushed, and 
all the people mw it permeate tlif air 
like smoke. — Acta &inctoruin (liyUau- 
dists), April 29. 

A deoU, which assumes the part of a 
lr«M0ln% ocwf out by St. Gttts. One Sunday 
at church, a n in | risse^'^ed with a de vil 
made such a brawling noise that the 
voice of the preacher could not be heard. 
St. Gilt"' pmvpd, and, the devil goint,' 
forth, the man remained to the end of Uie 
aervice peaceable and devout. — (iilbertus 
^Mdioj^ ttf Camotom), Li/o iff St, tiUu 

TTiC '/ r,?. in thfi guise of abuH^ tries to 
kiti Qtthertne of ^vcedcn (fourteenth cen- 
tviy). St. GaflicriBe of Sweden waa the 
dmighter of ptinee Ulpho^ and waa acot 
6 



in early childhood to be brought up in the 
nunnerr of RisbuiKb. One night, while 
flie abbeaa waa n matfna, the devil, 

assuming the form of • bull, tossed the. 
rhild out of its cfadle, and left her half 
dead in the middle of the chamber. The 
nlt>tpss, on her return, ['icked up the child, 
and the bull said to her, " Oh that I had 
accompliahed my work, which I assuredly 
ahoold have done, if God had permitted 
me.*— Ulpho (a Brigittine friar). Life of 
St. r,f':rr,:ie of .Sf/rdfli (wrltteo thirty 
years after her death, a.d. 1411). 

DatinUf nmnmif away from th0 aUey 
of Litttconne^ is accosted by the detil in the 
guise of a denwniac (a.d. 480). Dativna* 

rOT the monks of Lauconne, in the 
a, being seduced by the devil, deter- 
niined to quit the abbey and return to 
the world. With all his worldly goo<l9 
packed in a bundle, and thrown over hia 
fhonltler, he started forTmm. He eame 
to till l.isilica of St. Martin with tljc 
inteiUioa of offering there a morning 
prayer, but waa accosted at the door by 
a demoniac, who said to him, " Dativus ? 
Why, it is our monk of the Jura, 1 declare ! 
Goed day, my good fellow ; I am very 
glad you are now one of ua." Iiativus 
tremMed to find himself thus recnt^nized, 
and tliinking hinisrlf morked by the 
demon, sighed bitterly ; and, after bavini( 
praved for a few minutes, hastened tMek 
to tfie monastcrA', imploring to be admitteti 
again. — St. Gregory o£ Tours, Lioes of 
th$ /hl44ra, oh* i* 

IlMaklte*ana*la 



arihti 



Jfcrils in the ffui^ of d(x)s attack St. 
Peter the apostle. Samuel llarsnet, 
afterwardi arohbiahop of Tork, aayst 
" Thyneus doth tel it out of one >iartinu> 
a saint, that Simon Magus the «»urcerer 
sent unto Peter the apostle certaine devils 
in the likene** of doj^^res, to devoure him. 
The apoiiile being taken on a suddaiup, 
not looking for such currish guests, con- 
secrates for the noDoe loroe niorst^l:) of 
bread, and throwea fibem to the doggi- 
devils, and by the power of that bread, 
they were all put to flight."— iVupiftl 
Impostures, pp. 97, 98. 

/7i'' drril, m (he form of a dog, visits St. 
Staimititis AviftJm. ^'hon St. Stanislaus 
Kostka was preparing hiuiM lf for admia- 
sion into the society of Jesus, he was 
visited with a dangerous sickness ; at the- 
Ix^inning of wliirh the devil ap|>carpd to 
him in we guiaa of a great black dog, 
horrible and fmM to bdiold. Hm foul 
fiend took tiie aiok man thrioe by the 

H 



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tbio&t, trying to throttle him ; botSbuiit- 

lau9, with tlif -iirn of the cross, not only 
XMiAted hiDi manfully, but even drove 
him mwrnff and he never imain disturbed 
thisfaitJ^fnl soldicrof Christ Jcjius, — Pot^r 
KilMuJeoeira, T/ie Fluwtr of the Lives of 
the Sciints (2 vols., fol.). 

The devU, in the form of a draQon^ iriet 
to detiroft St. Mnrttnian's oett f a.d. 880). 
St. Mnrtinian utihr v::r'.\ j\-t nf i 1 ;ht<*cn, 
became a heriuic, aod lived io the vicinity 
ef Ccmea. The devil, jealous of hu 
virtae, soupht t« frichlm him with 
visions, noises, and apjiuriLiuns. On one 
occasion, this enemy of all righteouftnesa 
ai'sumcd the furni of a dragon, and began 
scratching at the foundations of St. 
Blartinian's cell, in ordir to destroy it 
ud the hermit within. SU Martinian waa 
at hie oriaooi at the tim^ and eald to the 
dragon-formed devil, "Your Inhur is in 
vain. You cannot frighten luc while I 
have Christ at my side." At the word 
Christ, the devil f! -d in a whirlwind, 
crying, Wait a bit, Mnrtinian ; I will 
make yon submit yet, and drive you 
from als cell." JIaitinian waa not ea»i ly 
frightened, and remained in his hermitage, 
doing battle witli t' r ijtvil, for five fiiwl 
twenty years. — MetapUrastcs (a personal 
ffiemi cif St. Ifartinian), Lives of Siints. 
(Also in Joseph Afi^emani, t/$uatraai 
Calendar, vol. vi. p. 145. etc.) 

fh0 dtvU, under the form of an Ethio- 
pian^ asks pardon of Jolin of E'jupt. 
I)evils used to torment St. John of K^ypt 
at night, and appenr to liini umler divers 
aensible formi} and aak pardon for dia- 
tnhin^ him. On one occaaioiif when 
the 5aint had fast*-!! two whole days, 
the devil, disguiheU as an Kthiopiait of 
hideous look, threw himself at his feet, 
and said with insulting mockery, " Pardon 
nie, 1 pray, for having troulilcd you to 
carry nie through this lon^,' fast, St» 
John now saw that hie faat waa firoplr 
* temptattoa*— €aerito, /lilAcr* </ <m 



il to b( I' ki [^ut iiuuijr •BlIkH 



Trof or not tM» 



Th» devd, in the f^uim of a (fentleman, 

visds St. AtKlr,-'v O'rsini {\:Utl-\M3). 

When St. Andrew Corsioi entered the 
order of Chirmelitfe, in IHieeany, he wae 

made portrr, cr r!f>> .rk mt. One day, 
at dinner-tinie, a kauckiug wm heard 
at the outer gate, and Andrew, open- 
ing tlie little wickef. ""fiw % well -dressed 
geutleman with wivcriu attendMts, who 
nOmmt d tepenonslj, » Opn fha gatt. 



caitiff, and tiiat fmmHintely. Tear 

father »ent me to yi n a message, 

and 1 have no time tu waste on lieggan." 
Sara Andrew, " I open to no atiaoftere 
without p<>Tmission. Y'ou say you come 
from my father, but I never set eyes on 
YOU before." " Don't stand pimtin^'thefa, 
but open the gate ; I have something im« 
portant to communicat«, which the prior 
must not hear." Amlrrvv, on hearing this, 
made the sign of the cms*, and the 
tempter disappeared like a flaeh, ieaving 
behind a filthy smell of firv and brltii- 
»ton«. Andrew Uianked l>od, who had 
given him grace to resist the wiles of the 
devil, and felt the tnith of that divinr 
injunction, Kesist Ihc devil, and be wiU 
flee from thee." — Suritis, JtiWt Ma 
SauU» {% roU.» foi.)» 1670. 
I>e9u$ nmmB th» ptrm ^af ftrntM* fa 

frl}}d<n St. C'ttherine Of Swedc'n in 

chiidiiuod (fourteenth centuiy). \Vheu 
Catlierine, daofshter of prince Ulphu 
of Swedrn, was peven rears nld, »lie 
had a |,'au>e of jouolicts <or knucklis- 
bones) with other girls of the aame a^e. 
The children went on playing, to tlie 
neglect of their religious duties ; but the 
Spouse of the Churoli, wlio intended t4i 
make Catherine a aaint, left sot this 
dereliction of duty without doa correc- 
ti n. .\t night, certain devils, in the 
form of joncheta, ap|>ear to the child, and 
whip her so aeverely, to wean her from 
her childish sports, that she never aftrr- 
wards would play joncbets with her 
companions. — Ulitho (a Brigittinemonk), 
Zi/e of St, CatheriM of Aosdm (a.ik 
Mil). 

T)ilt >^tn» h mo«t murrrlloiH itorjr. Whr (houM tiicM 
<ter)U ui uiaui ttia ctHiA front b«r ivi>ru. Mid whiji 
hm m mnmt tf lor nut Mag m kaUsr CMtMlMf Om 
vcmll thtek Um7 vomM lwt« ««Man^ Imt to mm*« 

and iraurt to Uie world and lb wiiiiM. Mid not ha.* 
dri«<*n b»T to 6«nj hrnwlf Ihcae plmiraa. UvU*, " in 
t)>" r>>rni }anfi»t»." l<>.>h UVr ■ lilllllMl lliw. Mill lln 
" « iiipjiln^ " H-riii« lUi' I rvfMSf i( MBiiltass Cur 
luring Mflaetad 4ut| fur i>laf. 

annoy St, A'jru-S o/ Puldnno (a.I>. 
i27^-13l7). One day, in her ninth year, 
St. Agnes proposed to her companions a 
pilgrimaL'c tn Mitrnt Pulciano. The 

8ruposal w&a jcvlully arceplcd ; but as 
le party approHched the ramparts of the 
city, a number of rooks attacked St. 
Agnes furiously with their beaks, claws, 
and win^s. The young girl, with great 

SrescDce of mind, invoked the name of 
esus, and the whole dock flew away. 
Till l i'vr'M^''''' s^-iy^t " N'o doubt thcM 
rooks were an army of demona, lodging 
in the Mntismmi honaa. iriiidi waa « 



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pablie brothel ; and the presence of this 
* Aogelic child ' troubled the evil spirits." 
—Raymond of Capua, Life of St. A<rnes. 

The d< f t!, iVi the form of tico wonns, 

comet <Mt of the ear$ of Jean de la R'ni'm 
(lifleeBlli «eiittiTy}. Jeaa de Is I{o<juc 

was a noblon-nn nnd nn ^clesiastic of 
Corigltano, wiiu lil ;i tt.oat scandalous 
life. He was on bi-< n a i to Spezzia to 
ahariot, when St. Francis of Paula 
told al>out it by revelation. The 
saint instjintiy m nt n porter to lay bold 
of Che young man* bring him to the con- 
▼tnt, and loek Itim v|i. Tlitt wm done, 
and Koqnc was furimis. vowing' \( d- 
geance, and making all the noise he 
c«>u!d. A\ h«-n he was tired of beating 
the door and c jillin;^ <Tit, he throw him- 
self on the fltii.r, utttrly exhaustfd. and 
fell aale«^p. Then St. Francis quKily 
entered the chamber, uoA waking the 
young man. Mid to him yery coldly, 
" How now, friend ; \^ Ii if rhinkcst tliou ? 
PuU fruEu your ear thai which torments 
you so." The young man, not knowii^ 
•whether he wn") risleep or awrxkp, put his 
hand to his rij.'lit /ar, and drew frum it a 
hideous hairy worm of monstmos aize. 
Theo pnttiiiK kia kand to his left ear, he 
dmr mm vt uotker worm nf tlie same 
Mfft^ The devil being ilm^ t ikcn from 
him, the yoang man returned to himself. 
All his base Iwt wan gon^, and tiirowing 
kimself at the paint's feet, hf^ j>rn\-fd that 
he mi^ht be admilt(.>d as a di6ct|>le. lie 
remained in the monastery till 1620, when 
ke died. Tkis was twelve years after the 
death of St. Francis himself.— ^c<ji uf 
his O am om t aUon (oompilod kf Fatkcr 
Ginr). 

The dmt, «a thtfcrm of a monA, md in 

the fonn of a yuntj vronum, tempts St. 
Ambroic of Stcna (a.i*. 1220 liHS). 
** Une foiiqo^ n'avait pas vouln se trou- 
vcr h des noces oft on I'ttvait invit*-, ce 
moDutre infernal, Tcnnemi de notre s&lut 
loi apparut en f<<rm de rcligieax, et, sous 
jpnitexte de rentceteoir de <]uelqu« dia- 
conn flpiritnei, U Im televa juoqu'an del 
Tc'tat du mariape, afin dc lui -I- nnor 
envie de s'y engager. Unc autre fois, ii 
ae At Toir •« milieu d'un hois, .>«nus la 
figtire d'nnc jeune fille d'uno beauts 
ravissaDtc, qui implorail son as^isUince ; 
mais le saint jeune homme, d^ourrant 
le cach^ tons oaa aitifioea, ae munit 
rtine ct I'aittre foia da eigne de la croix, 
et aussitAt ces 8[x'ctrc8 et ccs fantomes 
dispararent."— Le &. F. Jean BapUste 
Feuitlet, Amtt lhmiMki»t voL UL 
MiuckM. 



Tbb ettrnct throm a flood of tight nrton th« ftttanle 
iMtviMlt u( Um *iuif Mid t»l<l<ile MfM Bv«7 thought Aud 



«rlia or •*>(. «««er7 oil* wiM uawSi •» •iilL weiMUnf 
Uuu •nofM [uw ttttt or tb« tr^ tart «r (te i«h. aid 

the iMitla o^ lir«). ^l«lnt{ t^wMmnd "* phaw of a*t«ii.* 
brlpt to nnravrl m.nir s tale which otharwiM mnia 
Mftoiin'lInK The w.>nl» ijN>k«!n by nnjp tempt*f «re to »<• 
•r<ouiitril (h* wiipl» iif lh« rtorll, nnil hfncf th« e«cl*jn». 
tktiu of Id.iUlruu* prietU are aUM tbon* of Ute drrtl. 
Some micht call tUl ijaii Mili i M Hon a fl«ur« of ipecch. 
bat to (Roman) CMlMMm It b a ««ritol>l« realltf. and aa 
Impurtnnt cUinaent in thrir haKto](mi>h 

The dcmi aaaaits iit. Fatcai Baylon wtder 
divers fonns (a.D. 1640-1692). Tke 
celestial favmir? "Vto-vn to St. Pascal 
made the deviis rimd with rage, and they 
beset him in divers ways. Sometimes 
thev nished upon him in the form of Uoim 
and tigers, seeking to devonr him ; some- 
times they tried to scan- liiin 1)\ assum- 
ing horrible ahapes ; sometimes they beat 
him till all his body was black and bine, 
and his plirieks were heard through the 
whole huoiic ; but the saint, well accu9« 
tomed to these altacka, waa Bcrer 
alarmed. Then, chaojpqg their tactics, 
the derils suggested to him sentiments of 
vanity, nr ap[)eared under the guise of 
celestial visitants or guardian aogels. 
sometimes as St. Praoeia of Asaiai, ana 
soTuetimcB even as the Virgin Marc, in 
order to stir up Iiis vanity, in making 
him believe he was a ^reat saint, honoured 
hj the risit of angels. When ra.«o.iI 
discovered this artitice, the devils tried 
another Uick, and offered to impress upon 
his body the marks of the divine wounds, 
and made eroiwes of blood all over his 
body ; but Pascal, disoovorin:; this ru.-<e 
also, said to the foul lieiid, " You raven- 
ing wolf, how dare you take on yourself 
the clothing of a lamb ? Off with you ! " 
And the fiend, tern tied at these words, 
iVA.—A f'l Sanetonun (BoUandiati), toU 
iv. May 17. 

A dh^, wJUeft a$HUn»t ih* charaeier of a 
ravenous young man, is cast out b>j St. 
Maaartus (x.D. 804-894). One day an 
Egyptian woman brought to St HMaiiat 
her son, and told him the young fellow 
was possessed of a ravenous devil, " He 
eaL^," she said, "every day a sack of 
com made into bread,* mod (irinka 
rojtoitionately I When T hare no more 
ood," she continued, "he seizes any- 
thing be can lay his hands on, and devours 
it. What, however, ia very strange, 
whatever he eats se resout en fum<=e, 
qu'on voit sortir de son estomac." The 
mother, in great distress, prayed Macarius 
to do aometliiiig for ker. The aaint 
asked what qnantity of food woold she 
consider reasonable. The woman replied, 

• A«wk<ifaMr-a801liiwWtUMak«lS»lta.«fbnMli 
srJMl 



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FPt. T. 



••Ten fMondi * day." "Tliat is too 
mucht** icjoioed Macarius; and then, 
utrning to tlie young buid, heoommanded 

him to fast for beven days, and ever after 
to limit hioaself to two pounds * a day, 
which he wm not to Uke from bU 
n»other, but to earn bv the labour of hi* 
own hands.— J>« Pttits liUiandUtn 
(IHKO), vol. i. Jan. 2. (Thii ttto u toM 
by PalUdm m a fact.) . . ^. 

j^ace of St. L^ nf rains. The monks of Iji 
Croix were extremely fervent, and most 
of tfieai foae befon matins, and passed 
an hour or more in private meditation. 
< aierallv St. l^ufredus was the first at 
dinfdii but one day affairs of the monas- 
tery detained him, and the dcTil took hia 
place. As the fiend had aaauned the 
dress and form of Leufredus, the monks 
•alttted him. The devil took the abbot's 
dwb with mat mock modcaty, and 
aeeni ed very aevoat. All went smoothly 
till one of the brothers, who had just left 
thi' saint in bis room, was amazed to see 
bid double in a diair at the altar. At thia 
moment God told St. Leufredus wbat had 
happened, and he went witli all li:i>i<- to 
the diurch; but before he entered be 
marked the doom and windows with the 
6it,'n of the cross. When he entered, the 
devil was furious with rage, and, being 
mabla to make his tseape either by the 
doors or windows, ran up the bell-ropes, 
and escaped through the belfry. — Mgr. 
Ciu^rin (coamberlain of pope Leo Xlll>)» 
Fms df 8amU (7th edit. Ib80). 

Devils cast out. 

1 Ban. s«L St. And It amt to pass, when 
the «vtl 9fMt fken Ood ma upon Saul. tb«t 
David t4)ok a barp. and phijtd vlth bis hand : 
•0 Saal was rtf^mhfd, and was weB, and the 
•Til fiplrit departed frr^ni him 

Matt. vlll. 16. Wht-n even wim come, they 
brvujgbt iiiuo Jr«u« uiauy llial were ixj>w«ms1 
with deviU: &nd Ue c*M oui ttie ^piiiut with 
liid word. 

Matt. 18. \Vhen Jcoui was come Into 
(he country of tlie Gfnr»>i^'n<'js there met Him 
Caro puMe»scd with d«vilH, coming out uf tb« 
(CBiht, exceeding (If roe, ao that uo man could 
ptm that way. £J««a delivered tbe man, but 
allowed the mtUs to enter into a herd of swine.] 

Mark sass of this man that he had oflan been 
bound with IMters and ebaiMb Imt tte diaina 
wete plucked aaunder, anldtha IMms hfOlMa hi 
pieces by him (ver. 4). 

Matt. xvil. 14-18. Then* came to ,Te«ui a 
certain man. Icneellng down to llim. nml raying. 
Lord, have ni« rry on my ^ n f r \ir i* lunatick, 
•lid sure vexed : for oiltimee he lalletb Into the 

«r a Md* aoidhr li aaa vwad or 
•raaonidafaMh 



fire, and o;i Into the water. Then Jw* 
boked the davlti sad he departed out of bias 
sad the chUd was euied fhaa that My how. 

A child employed h'f a priest to exoreiti 
a devU (1600). *' You must be enf onned 
of a farre greatsr f oyle ssslakied by the 

dovil at the hands of a young child, by 
tbe vertue of a holy candel bolden in his 
hand. Heare the niiraelisto report in \\\* 
owne gracious idiome : ' Saia [Williams] 
being set on a cbaire, shee raged mors 
then ere shee did before, esj>ecially 
at tbe presence of an infant holding a 
holy eamlell, crying oft with terrible 
voyce and countt'nanre, / fiV/ e<dt- thrt'. 
But the cbilde nothing abashed thereat, 
was brought to hold tbe caodell to her 
nose, in order to put tlie devil to silence.' •* 
To this Hantnet remarks, " O catholieaai 
tiikm ! O fidem catholiram ! that ha»t 
such a check and aoveraignty over all the 
powers of hel, at Hiat thy priests Isads 
about after them, as men doe 

beares, and enduest thy young infants 
with such heroic niagnanimitie, as that 
they dare play the dt vil, and crie alpud, 
• Jack devill ! " Ho devill '. Blow out tiie 
candell, devill!* and the devill stands 
like a mute on a Uaoke aanctoa, n^ 
daring to speake a word.*— fcHMMl 
Harsnet (afterwards archbishop of Tark)y 
PaaUk ImoMtwes (1604), p. 107. 

5 dMf. tknmgh fear of tht priest Dib- 
dale, sneaks oui of Tray f>rds ear. Samuel 
Harsnet. afterwards archbishop of York, 
savB of Hilcho, the devil which possessed 
William T rayford, the manservant of 
Edmund Pcckham. that when Dibdala 
the priest drew near. " finding his comer 
too hot he [the devil] would fain have 
cosM ont at Trayford'a month ; but 
fteeping out, and finding the priest's 
mouth somewhat too near, he suddenly 
drew back again, and was fain to slip 
out ch'sely at bis right ear." Dibdale 
tbe priest did not know this ; but Sara, a 
maidservant in tbe same house, aaw tbe 
attempt of the devil to come foitii } saw 
Ilia •HMBdie baeke againe ;** aaw his 
gnin[,r out at the man's cjir, in tfie shape 
of a mouse ; and discovered that &e trns 
cause why tbe fiend did not mailt Us' 
exit through the man's mouth was on 
account of the nearnesa of the priest's 
mouth to that of the possebsed. — A 
Declaration of PopUk ^Hptlkmmt pp. 67, 
68 (1G04). 



It «M mypimt ttwt wtarti rtSli* tfeaae^ 
whoto badlH tiM odour of aoetlty ; and Ittcv I 
wm Mm mnslw of fh« Holy GImwI. IhM tbalr T 
WMinibMd«%l»UMDMM8|iintwiibinUi«a. * 



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DCrtL9 CAST OUT. 



St. Euphrasut cast$ out a devS from a 
nuH in t/te sttine convent (a.i>. 412). The 
Abbess of a ctMiTent in the Thebaid, 
ImriniBr r mtrked ttie real power which 
Si. Kii [,Iirfi:*ia had nvr devils, coin- 
manded b«r to pray for oae of the sisters 
who was possessed. Eoptuialtt, of 
eotirse, obeyed, and said to the demoninr, 
**May the Saviour Jesua Uliri^t who 
0iMlft you heal yon.** At the word the 
impore spirit came out of the sister, 
making t«rritic bellowings, and foaming 
liorriMv at her montiu-^hlridii LtMff of 
tM Sai'fUu vol. iL 

St. OfUff a naHm o/ Jhbmdy ossts onf 
a- 'frr^h , f' Hrcjnitz (a.i>. rM). While 
bu UhU was at lir^entz, he beard the 
mountain demon cry out to the demon of 
the lake, " Cutue to my rescue, that we 
may chase tbi^ 3tran>;»'r hence ; for he 
has broken my idols, driven me from my 
temple, and is wtnning the people from my 
service." The demon of Lake Constance 
made answer, " I suffer the same as you, 
dear mountain spirit ; for this stranger 
kae dernstaled my dominions also, and I 
cai) do nothinpr against him, for he has 
always the oame divine in his month, 
and laughs at my mimpm.** St. Gall 
cried aloud, " In the name of Jesus 
Christ, I adjure you to quit this neigh- 
bourhood, and do no harm to any one." 
Then was heard on the mountains a great 
foftrimr and froaiiinf^ ; it was flie ezpras- 
sion of rage made by thr ricmons on being 
evicted. When bt. Uall beard it, he 
thanked God and took courage. — Vie des 
Saints Fr mrhe-Comi^, by the pro- 
fe^isors of St. Xavicr's coUe^ie ut Besunv'in. 

St. Galia casts out the devil from n imn 
who had insulted her. The devil entered 
into a man who insulted St. Galla while 
visiting the sick and neeiiy. On her way 
home ^le obsen'ed the insolent writhing 
In CMiYnltions ; and, stopping; befm him, 
she said, **0 (lod. hm-i mercy on him, 
for he 19 made in I h) likeness. O Lord, 
have mercy on him. for he knew not what 
he said. O .Tt-^ius, Saviour of sinners, 
have mercy on linn, for Thou did«t die 
for him." Then made she the sign of 
the croM| and cried with a loud voice, 
**Thoa nnelean tfirit, I eommand thee, 
in the name of the Father, Son, and 
Holy Ghost, cume out of him, and enter 
no more in." On hearing these words 
t!if tlfrnfiniar wallowed in the dust, the 
dmii came out of him, and luft the Uliin 
f»em't'fui and in his right mind.— £es 
J'etit* Bollandtste*. vol. il* p. 2Q0. 

St. Gregory lAi iiHattvieU a itaSfivm 



his horse (a.d. 5J0 m4). St, Gregt>ry 
excommunicated a Koman knight for 
adultery, and the knight in reven;;e 
applied to magicians to encompass the 
pontitf with enchantment. Hearing that 

Uregorv was aboot to take a journey, 
^eee hiagleians Mot an evil spirit into 
bis horse, mmmnn Hng the aemon to 
throw tlie pontitf, and then trample him 
to death. When the pontiff mounted, 
bis Jiorse roared and st^rt^d, nnd behaved 
In such an unusual manner, that St. 
Gregory discovered it was possessed. So, 
making the sign of the cnj«S| he drove 
the devil ontorthehorM. Tbemaf^eiant 
being struck Mind, repented, abandoned 
tbetr magic, and received the sacrament 
of baptism. St. Gregory baptized them, 
hiir fi.riinr? U) restore their sight, lest 
tiiey should return to their diabolical 
arts and lose their souls. — John tiie 
deacon. Life of St, Greaortf the Great 
(twelfth century). Written at the ex- 
press command of pope John VIII. 

St. Lamner evicts a devU bu the »ign of 
Ms ero$$ (etx^ ccntory), st. Lanmer, 
by the sign of the cross mnrjp with li. lv 
oil, delivered a man poi^sessed witii a 
devil, so furious that it was necessary to 
constrain him with chains. — Lt$ JFitU$ 
Bollandistes, vol. i. p. 474. 

St. Aftirrcllinus oasts out a devil frtm ek 
man who struck him with a whip (A.D. 
874). The emperor ConatmitiiM was an 
Arian, and hearing that Maroellinus, 
bishop of Em bran, had opposed the 
doetnnes of Arius in several councils, 

sent to arrest him. The myrniitlon^ of 
the law came u[)on him unawares ; and 
one of them, lifting his hand to strike 
the bishop about the face with a whip, 
found hla arm naralyxed ; and he rolled 
on the grniind, gnashing hi a (cotli. 
Ifarcellinus went up to the man, aud the 
devil in him cried oat, " Mareellinns, It 
it not enough that you have driven us 
from the coast of Africa, but you must 
come to Gaul also to trouble ta'f** 
"Silence !" cried the saint ; "and cnmo 
out of him, thou foul and unclean spirit."* 
The demon durst not disobey*, and the 
man, bein^ restored to bis right mind, 
lamented his erime, eravcd to be bcptized, 
and bowed his heart to the yoke uf 
Christ. — Mgr. Deptry, IJajiuijraphic de 
Gun. 

Marvpood exorchrd hij tht touch of 
Campion's halter {A.n. 1602). Campion, 
a Jesuit, was banged at Tyburn for 
tRMon{ but M queen Elizabeth was 
• PtolMtMit, hie death wan cnlMI » 



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[Pt.I. 



mBr..yrdAm hy fhnie of bi» owa order. 

It Ml hApp<>ncd that ime ]Sfjir\v<M>(l was 
lironottoced by Father Kdniunds to be 
poncMCdi u4 after sendiy attempt! had 
l>een made to pxorri^e him, one of the 
titandent-Uy uxichcd his ntouth with Uie 
halter. Says ltari<net, the devil ''tcares 
it with Mh mouth, bites it with his teeth, 
and spits upon it amnine." Says Ed- 
munds, "'Ihoii wioked tli'tid, t»'ll true, 
what is the cause thou art so cruelly 
tormented iritlk tiii* mpe, who dno«t nnt 
care fur the potento<4t thin;;ca that iiro in 
the witrid?" The devil in Marwuod 
made answer, ** Jerusalem knowes who»e 
luiltor it is. Tibiirnt- (thv jiliicc where 
Father Camiiion recesved his cruwne of 
niurtyrdome) is wel acouainted witli it." 
Oa this Edmunds caJls aloud to the 
st«nders-br, *' Beare witnes, my awisters, 
of FsthtT ( ' 1:1 ri^ most glorious 
martyrdome, wIh^^c- tiniallest cord hath 
cast tho devil into sueh an beate.*' To 
thin Ilftf^not subjoins, " See heere thrpe 
mt»iit gruve and authentike witnesses of a 
Homish saiot, vi/. Jerusalem, Tybsmc, 
Md the deviL"— /'apM /aMMwtaPM, pp. 
84, 86. 

St. Paul the SimpU exorcises a deiwmi<ic 
(fourth century). One day a young maa 
possesaed of a devil very tierce and 
obntinate was brou^jht to St. Paul the 
Simple. The yuun^ man uttered most 
bomble blasphemies, and tore every ooc 
who approached him. The pnint pmypd 
lonf^ and fervently, but in vaiti. 'liiea 
callini; til miiui tlu- words of Christ, 
" iIowb«it this kind goeth not oat but 
by prayer Mid festini^.** he vowed to 
touch no food nnd drink no water till 
the roan was ma«ie whole. " £t aussitot, 
eomme m Dieu e(it craint de d^plaire b 
line pernonnp qui I'aimnit Rvec tmdrosfto, 
et qui lui vtaiL mi chtro, le puiiticde fut 
delivr^." — Roman martyrolojrv (March 

2. See Abo Km* <lsf rvm dirt JU^tcrU 
Orimt. 

St. SidptW the Ptotw n-icta tfie dem'l 
from the G'fw de CYecre (seventh 
century). Neer Viefson it a river, called 
Ycvre, at one time notf'd fur n verv 
dangerous (;ulf. In heathen times it was 
held sacred ; but at the introduction of 
Christianity the "devil niadr* his al><>de 
Uiere, and watched day and nij^ht to 
■pite the obnoxious rm'f of Christians, 
nnd drag «U be could into the abyss." 
St. Soll^oe went in f^rand pomp to the 
borders of the river, threw into tho jrulf 
a little holy oil and cbhsm, nnd evor 
nfter the golf b«e been perfectly enfe^ 



{neomoch thnt fishers m wont to lleb 

there. 

We arc told many wonderful tales f<f 
this "(Jour de Mffevre.** One is thnt it 
basi no bottom ; another, tbat it !)r»ils 
and bubbl(^ on all the fett;s of the 
Virgin ; another, that the fish always 
swim about in it fo «e to deecribe n 
cross. We are farther told thnt the 
sound of church-bells may be distinctly 
heard in the water ; and that one day a 
diver, nemed Perbu, saw «t the bottom 
of the river a beanliful chtirch full of the 
most coAtly articles ; that he heard there 
the tinkling of a little bell, and Raw the 
iniaj^c of the holy Virgin. — Knyonlf 
Uaioire du lierri, vol. L p. 267. 



"Ifoequoquc [ 
In tarritorlo gurxituiu qumb oUm |i«:*ni iuuntldu 
iMbuwunt. qu««K|u« ub Itot- In ciiliatk*uarttni InvMiau 

iU {«L<<^iiim« (il<i'r|>'|iAt (toinon. ut ti^ul* «i> trMi4>a«t. 
■aH^H'nijjiii |in>><-i).iiArrt ac penfercL ln>ecto vir l>rl 
cliriiuutut. quuil iiKHiics ilUuenit aqim. SUaat 
iMut bertMiicilona, lucAdllaH mm 1 
km."— .V^. SiM., U. 43. 

St, Victijr de Flanctf exorcist's a tkief 
(sixth century')* One day St. Victor the 
bermit of batuminc, in the dioooM of 
Troves, sent lome laboarere to eow 
wlieat, when one of thein purloined two 
bushels of the seed. Instantly be was 
possessed by n devil, who mede emoke 
and lire issue from the mouth of the 
thief. St. Victor t^Mtk pity on the man, 
and making; on him the sign of the efoae, 
tho devil left him. The man, fully aware 
that tho calamity had fallen on bim 
bec;uise of tlie theft, confessed his sin 
with many tears, and made cesttttttion. — 
St. Bernard, Seraum en tke fH9-4ay of 
St. Victor { Vv\). 1»6). 

St. Zeno €xnrci»e» the dcnujhter 0/ the 
emperor Gallienua (third century). The 
daughter of tlie emppmr (jallienus was 
most gru \ ously tormented by the devil ; 
and one day, wiien she was wtdl-nigh 
•afl^Mmted, she cried aloud, " I can 
never be relieved of this torture but bv 
Zeno." The devil added, ''And I will 
never quit my abode here unless com- 
pelled to do so by Zeno.** The emperor, 
touched by the sufferin^rs his clatt^rhter, 
sent for the saint, and iuuacHiuUcly he 
entered the chamber, the devil cried our, 
" Zeno, you are come to drive me out, 
for here I cannot abide in the presence 
of thy holine^H." " In the name of the 
I/ord Jcaos Christ," said the aaint. 1 1 
command thee to quit the body of this 

VOUag Miaiden." iiic de\ il canir 1 iit, 
but said as he left the chamber, *' Uo«>d* 
by«| Z«no; I am oC to 



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Pr. I.] 



DEVI18 IIKCOGNIZING PERSONS. 



108 



ihtxn jou will And me on your retarn." 
The mnperor, in (^titude, took ttie 
royal crown from his head, and i>ut it on 
Zoio'a, flaying, " This crown cannot be 
Wt OB % worthier brow." Zeno sold the 
crown, thnt he mifjht distribute the 
money to the poor, and Gallienus ceased 
to persecute the Church of Christ .— Peter 
and Jerome Ballerini, Life of St, ZenOf 
Bishop of Verona (coinpilM from hit own 
writings and other monamentii). 

Ex^vinn by Imrning a picture of the 
dnU, Tht iMi eaaoo fHv«n VcDgus 
in his F»AsfM.< is by dniwing a picture of 
the devji and buminp: it. '* Exnrcista 
jirojiciat imaginem pictam in ipiem." 
Tliia was tried on Sara Williams, and 
is thus reported by Harsnct: "The 

Crieflt having placed Sara in a chayre, 
B eSnuwndetb the doviU to tell his 
name. Tbe derlll enewend Ben jonr, end 
hi'f^nn to make a shew of spcakinf^ 
French. The exorcist then reviling the 
devill, and calling him om* (in French), 
the devill exclaimed, * I am no asse, and 
I will not be mocked.' Now, when Maho 
[tiie devil] trifled, and mocked the 

Eriest, and would by no dint of edjantion 
e brought to tel bifl name, the exordet 
caused to be dmwnp iippm a pcece of 

eper the picture of Vice in a plav, and 
B mme ne CMsed to be burned with 
httlowed brimstone. Whereat, the devill 
cryed out, as beein^ grievously tor- 
mented."— S. Harsnet (afterwards arch- 
bishop of York), Fopiak Jmpottwr«9 (1604), 
p. lis. 

JSxorcim by nkknaminj and black- 
gmrdrng tAe 4evU (1600). Mengus wrote 
« book callea A ChA f» ExonUimg 

Dtmoniacs. The way of blnckKUftrdmf? 
the devil ie bis fourth canon^ and runs 
time ; If niter masse \ as been celebrated, 
and tlie possessed has been sij^ncd with 
the five croasefi, sprinkled with holy 
water, end ttnre have been invocatcd over 
her the name of the Father, lonne, and 
Holy Gh«>8t, the devill vtilt flhews hhn- 
selfe refractarit', and will neitli. r drpnrt, 
nor tel his name,— then you must come 
npon him witii ae many nicknames as 
yon can possiblic device, and thou shalt 
•ay: *Heare thou scnceicsse, false, and 
lewd epirit* maister of devile, miserable 
creature, tempter of men, deccavcr of 
bad anpels», dcfrauder of souls, captaine 
of hereti-jucs, father of ly* bcntial 
ninnie, drunkard, inf email theefe, wicked 
serpent, ravening wolfe, leane hnngefw 
bitten sow, seely b^a!»t, truculent boast, 
cruell beast, bloody beast, bcaat of all 



beasts the most bestiaU, Acherontall 
epirit, imoakie spirit, Tartareous spirit, 

and so on, T command thee to tel me 
thy name, and to depart hence into 
thyne owne place.' " — S. Harsnet (after- 
wards archbishop of York), Ptjpiak Im^ 
postures (1604), pp. 112, 118. 

Menipis'i Fnj^>'$, or Devil-maitli. U In Lntln. anil IhiU 
the riMdcT lut.y kii<iw Ui« Sdeiit) of HAnnet'i (rnndatliin, 
Ui« orixinitl U-itIn U ber« luliscrtbfd : " Audi iiiilur liiieif 
ivproba: (teiiwnum ro*sta(«r, iniMnlma 
■>yi liula—. isi'»i|i<of malomii 



W. 1*1 

•hrioi*. |>r»do InfpmiOl*. ■en>^<<* 
InlqulMllHa ii|>* ntwxlnie. lu. nutrra, faiiiclkMi, Iniiiuni. 
diatim. haatla ioiMcml l<«~«tlik tni< iil"ntt«^iin:i. Ix^iU 
crudelU, Iwrtia cnteul*. britia omnlu I <■ ■ nrH Ijintialb- 
d aMw lytriUu AcbaroaUiM. iplntu* (uUniauM, ipirtuu 
^StBIS • « • 

Devils reooflrnisins Persons. 

MaaaLlS-aa. There wm la tbsefnaffogne 
a nMtt wHIian vadcen •pirU ; and he cried out, 
saying. \M w alone \ wliel have we lo do with 
Thee. Thou Jeimii of Kiisfith f ert Thoo eooM 

to lie irov \\% > I know TlMe wbo tbou art. tb« 
Holy Oiip of God And Jestu rebuked him. 
Baying. Hold thy p'«ct\ and corue out of him. 
And when the uncleau>pirit bad turn him. aod 
cHad with a lend vetes, he esae e«t e( Uix 

A devU yells oul, " That vhich Amhrost 
prmohu i$ tht truth," A man posseseed 
of a devil vrae a great ealnmniator of St. 

Ambrose, but God caused him to retract 
his calumnies, and the man yelled out 
amidaka crowd of people, "That which 
Ambrose preachpH is the tmth, but that 
which Ariu.s preaches is false." Some 
Arians, hearing; these words, tlirew the 
man into a pond, and he was drowned. 
(See St. Jui.fA!f BUSTOnKB JoviAW to 
LiKK, p. ViNCKNT Fkichikk kkstorks 
A Jew to Life, p. 8G.)— I'aulinus, deacon 
and biographer of St. Ambrose. 

U It l« tru« t>Mt U>e "derll U a linr. and th* Utbm ti 
' (Jubn *Ul. 44). hti ImUiijoq; aCAlnat AriMlan b not 
vortb much. 

51. Hilarkm noognited by cm nil mirit. 
When St. Hilarinn paesed flrem Afnea to 

Cvcilf, then.' nu-t htm in the mountain a 
man possessed with an evil spirit, who 
eried out, **Let us alone, Hilarion ; art 
thou cotne hither to torment us? We 
know thee who thou art, tlie servant of 
God in C^eile." Thus waa made known 
the presence of thia holy taint; and 
diseased persons from every part eame te 
him to he hf .lied of their infirmities. St. 
Hilarion, seeing he could not remain in 
that place nnknown, went to Dalmatia.— 
St. Jerome (A.D. 190), Kite 8L UihritMU 
ErciniUi. 

Devils recoifnizf St. 3farempkiiM m iM 
court of klniCf,iJ,y>ert (A.n. ftSS). While 
bt. Marculphus was living in biseolitudei 



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DEVILS TELL UALF-TUUTllS. [Pt. I. 



God MOt an angel to bid him eo to ChiUle- j 
belt L| king of France, and demand of 
him a place named Nnntciill fur a 
moDMteiy. Marculphua went fi»rthirith 
to Paris, and readied the city while the 
king and queen were att4>iiilin<^ mass. 
He entered the chapel, and retired oat of 
sight, but some demoniacs, being preaentf 
cried with affright, Marculphus, thou 
servant of the living God, have pity on 
us, for thjr presence \» torture to us." 
These sermms amazed the king and his 
caul, and CMldebert sent to find out to 
whom the devils referred, l^lnn-ulphtis 
beine thus dii»covered, and bnmght before 
the king, told him the object of his 
coniinj^, and who had sent him. Chil- 
debert readily gave what was n''|uired, 
and promised to assist in buildui^ the 
monastery; but requested Marculphus 
to exorcise the demoniacs. Making the 
sign of the cross, tlie saint communded 
the evil spirits to come out. This they 
did, b«l left the men half-dead. How- 
fver, in a few miiUjtcs they came to 
tlieuisclves, and arose in uerfect health. — 
Acta Sanct</rum (FlapMWOOh llw Bol- 
Undist), M»7 1. 

Matt.Iv,!. Wben the d<>v|l quoted Pratoa 
xci. 11, llitoJesunin tlie tnuptatioii, he omitted 
half veni« 11. I'lie uhoJe vern.- ninn thus : 
"He ^11 give ili^ angeln charge over thee, 
to ktep tket in all Oin icuys." 

The devU U-lls St. Antony truths which 
are fuUf falsehoods (fourth century). St. 
Antony said one day to his disciples, 

I heard lateiv a great knocking at my 
cell door, anJ going to see who was 
there, found a man so prodigiously 
tall that his head reached the skies* I 
demanded who he was; and he made 
HMHWor, * I am Satan, and am come to 
ask yott why all ChriHtiaos speak so ill 
of ma.' I replied, ' With good reason, 
Satan, becmse it is by yun they are 
tempted to sin.' Satan said, ' [tut I 
ought not to be charged with the sins 
of man, easing every one is a free agent 
and oaa do as he likes, ft is not I who 

ihonld be blnniol if Him[ilot(<ns hltc at 
my bmt. It is man who makes war with 
man ; it la man who wrongs hb netghbonr ; 
it \n man who buildn cilii'.<, and dwells 
in them without (jiod in the world. Only 
in deserts can saints and hermits l>ie 
found, who sacrifice themselves to serve 
the Lord.* I was delighted to hear the 
father of lies comjx'llcd for once to speak 
the truth, although I knew what he said 



was half a lie. When, at last, I made 
tlie sign of the cross, and pronounced the 
name of Jt.-:«us, the phantom vanished 
fn>m my sight."— ^S iViilS SoUemdi§te» 
(18.>0), roL i. p. 4«7. 

Ill iir.lrf !■> lliU f.ill.u-j', l;ilir k Trrr «1iti|'1» c»»r. A 
cliiM. n» (l<>ubl. it (rev l» do wluu U tiM bim, u€ to 
■hauUn druradataeHt iMt VatUMW mtmA aaSsUlV 
pcraon tmipu ibtchMi >a j^wnrng. wm—plir diww 

Uia ttmltT b'ame. Ttie teinplm' imwrUna on ttm cktM'l 
ignoranre, InvtiieiVnoe. Bitd wcakrieiH : aoaMtliiM* on bli 

fr»n>. litt iiiitiinU |r\v-l<>iit. nml hi< h-<|w>«, tiuC wd-i w>tj)4 
uuikenU' 111!' l. tii|itcr. I>.i;ia>c Che ■ iHlil l'. in a m ti*', A 
free Aticul, and ti>>«M tt ti tutd, and aroo likw tu 

SoUt 

77k' devii tells St. Mttmr "a lie which u 
half a lie" (612-.'>84). When, in his old 
age, St. Maur retired from tlie active 
duties of Glanfeuil, one night the devil 
came to him and said, ** Ton have been 
a long time toiling to drive me and my 
fellows out of this country, but don't 
suppose you have trampled na in tlia 
dust. Yr»u will yet live to see your work 
come to naught. I t«ll you, of all these 
monks which you have gathered together, 
scarcely one will escape from our iMnds.** 
So saying, he left tne man of God to 
me«litJit*' on wimt he had I>oen told. St. 
Maur was greatly distressed, and prayed 
tamestly that God would avert so Mtensa 

an evil. Wlicrenpon, nn angel came and 
said, " Fear not. W hy art thou so cast 
down ? Trust in (ji>d. The devil has 
spoken a truth which is lialf a truth, and 
a lie which is half a lie. The truth is 
that a pla_'ue shall dosnlate thy houi*c ; 
but thy brethren shall be gathered into 
the bflisom of Abraham, and dwell fdff 
ever in paradise." St. Maur felt com- 
forted, and warned his brethen of the 
impending evil. In due time the plague 
came, when one hundred and sixteen of 
the monks fell victims to the scourge, 
and not long after St. Maur also was 
gathered to his fathers, at the age of 
sevcniv-two. — Faustns (n eompaaion of 
St. Maur), lifi o/ A. Mnw, 

Devils tormanted befbvs their 

Time. 

Matt. ssvOL m. St. Wbeo Jesos essne to 

Ibe cuttntry of the Qerf seenes. there met bim 
two |>o«(u>«sed with devils wIm> cried out, sayin|t 
.)> Ml-, i h iii s.,1) .>r i: .1. Tboa csme bithss 

to U'rujciit us b«[ure ittu timef 

A devii $peak9 to 8t, Victor of Pitmen 

beforr /it- mis hnrn (sixth century). While 
St. Vict^jr wtt!< still in his mother's womb, 
a devil imblicly cried out to him, 
** Vict«»r, thou holy one of G»>d, why do 
you torment us even before you are 
born ?"— U sieur daa Gnarraia, HigMf 



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DIANA— D1D0-DI8BASB8 COBSD, 



DianA of Bphesus (tbe image 
vfaicli fell fnMn Jupiter). 

Acts xIs. as. When tbt lowMlnt had 

appe^aod tlM people, he Mid, Te men of 
kpbcsoa, what nun ia there that knoweth not 
how that the city of th«* Kplit^lana In » 
Kliipprr of tbe preat gi«M>-H.t ln.iii.k, and of tiM 
image whlcti fell Jown fn>m JuiiiU-r? 

Manx dtiet hntf tvi«.>i«rl of ttatuoa of gnd* wmt dirtctlr 
frorn Knircn. Tbe I'lillitai-tm ol Tmf wmt an tniage of 
Pallaa MliMirrm mid to har« tallm from bMrm. Nunia i 
AnrUln (or aarml tlilckh) dmomlad from baat^ra. 
llM«i<laii Mb m flat lb« Pbentdaa Mkm of tha aaa 
*M • km Mdm, etocular below, and oonbaL It wa* 
Mto Maa^ ami waa m\A to har» MWn fri>m h«aTeii. 
W l ll m w doaU it vaa > iiH-lrwrilc, Uka tbe Uiajia at 
SrbMa. Tba aockMt Mcxkana wonblpuad • rimllw 
■a too rita. 

An imrujeof the Virifin in Avujnontrt sent 
down from heaven (a.u. I'iMH). In conse- 
qoenceof disputes between tht- orthodox " 
pvty and tbe inhabitanU of Avij^onet, 
where tiie ** heretics,** called Albi^censes, 
abonnded, the parish, after must horrible 
•laughter, was laid andcr an interdicti 
md the oimdi elrat np for forty yean. 
Alexander IV. ronioved the interdict, 
and the saoic day the church doors 
o{)ened eC their own accord, and the 
bells rang all day and ni<cht spoii- 
taneontly. These ** facts " are statM in 
a bull of Paul 111,, dated Komo, 
and atill shown to any visitors who wish 
to tee it. The miMttdoQable tin of the 
Albigenso?* was their denial that the 
Virgin Mar>' wa» the mother of God ; so, 
when the interdict WM renoTed from 
Avi|(nonet, there was an especial i\\g,- 
nificancc in the following *' miracle." 
The inhabitants ro.se one morning and 
diaooTcred that an image from heaven of 
Ifae Vivgiii Hary had been aet up in the 
church porch. " Quel nrtiste avait con^a 
ct execute cette belle a-uvre? Quelle 
■lain ravait depoe^ Ih? On ctait puid 
cent fois jiar j'nir, ct pendant de lon^jues 
annoes. ttur la place occu|>ee ]iar la 
inerveilletise image. Cette apparition 
fat) oomme im avartiuemeiii da eicL 
II Adt Evident q«e Marie youlait Itie 
hon(ir» 0 Ih nii Fun avait vomi contre elle 
lea plus abomioables blasphemes, et 
whfswr p«r tm otlrade le mMte dee 
dtfoisears de son culte, et de m divine 
The inhabitanUi of Avi^nonet 
at once eonrinced that this image 
from heaven, and deauoded that 
a day should be consecrated an iimiml 
memorial of the gift. The deniund wa.s 
approved of by the pope, and con tinned 
**par pluttcura aottveiaios pontifes, en- 
liaiie d' indulgences." The day is called 
**La aolennit^ de Notre Dame des 
lliiMl«,*'Md to hdd tha tot Tvmdty 



•f emy new year. — Mgr. Gntfrin 
(chamberlain of po|K> I.,eo XlIL), Vte$ 
des Stints^ vol. vi. p. 

If th« rham'wHaln of ropa Lao XIII. and aevtral popaa 
raaiiiuin itiat tab amlpMrtil iMaataal arwaa bivagli 
l.tmt bcsvon. ran «a ba irpriw^ Ihai Um 
«aqb||<gal^^MtBailt Mom aa a faMM 

Dido mad, the BnU's Hida. 

When Dido came to Africa she bought 
of tlie natives as much bind as could 
be cnoompassed with a bull's hide.** Tbe 
agreement l)otng made, Dido cut the 
bide into Uiongs, ho an to enclose suf- 
ficient apace for a citadel, wlufdi ilw 
called Hyrsa," the hide. 

T/w WikutskM, ' The Yakut«ks granted 
tbe Uussiaii explorers as much land as 
the}' could encompa»« with a cow's hide ; 
but the liussiano, cutting the hide inti* 
thin stripe, covered with it land enough 
for the Kiwii and fort whid they called 
Yakut.^k. 

(Our term " hlile i.f Und " has no eonnactlrm what- 
erar with llj<>t.il' i . a l.,>rM :.a.| V»kiiUk In S<t<>ti 
BnglUa AjM'in U» liiiic ur ruiioaiiO a,i<a>ajMa(i (adeii), 

tbl£'l!U« MMmlEML'* A hi^arlSua MnHiahftit 
bom oMil roramanor^MlM ai«illaia<lM}SiNlalilis 
of land niaant ai niMoh laiid aawiaM nStae aiaaltSki 

Xitt Hiiif iir manvr-ko'im. °lha t%m<rt ijUMiititf wa< 
drlrmiliml hj local iimvi* , In miiir i.m-n il >t.ii -i<.lf 
aLTcs. tn funie •tcbty. atid In uihcn a* niucii m» « liuiuliail 
acre* wmii to tba bala. WItan a penun wai craat«l a 
kiiltcht. hia ovcitonl 0ii« bin* (om hbtai of bmd to cwvar 
tba cstirn w of atllUanr awrtaa. la laMr Itaai tmtmu 

ti>>«miiia iM or SMaa bIAn sf Imi4 OTM sn«alM lo ka 
iiv»t*.l 

reptn d Hcrist'il gives Jtiijobert as much 
land aa he cotUd tcmk over in a given tune 
{A.u. 743). Pepia d'UenataL one 
day hunting, came to the eell ol St. 
liigolM-rt, who received him ci>urteously, 
and isct before biin the bei«t repast his 
cell atfonled. Pepin was so pleased with 
the hermit, tlmt In; offered to give him 
whatever he ankeU fur. Kigobert anked 
Pepin to bestow on him as much land as 
he could walk over while his highness 
took his midday nap. The request was 
granted, and the footprints of the iwiint 
remained in the land unobiiterated. Tbe 
grass which grew on this plot of land 
never withered. The frost of winter 
pinched it not, tbe beat of summer 
patched it not, and no lightning ever 
seared it— BoUaadaa, Acta ikmcS^truai^ 
vol. i. Jan. 4. 

IMmmm of All Borta oared. 

Matt. Iv. 23. Jeatrnwrnt alxiit Oalllfe . . . 
healing ail nunoer of alckotssa aud aU maaaer 



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pisis:ase6 of all sokts curkd. 



[Pt.I. 



f^. Clnre, nh'xtt of St. Ferr^oi, aires 
diwt s dtaeases (»evenUi century). (1) 1 he 
•nperlAr of Santa Blandina bcinjc, u wm 
BUpposed. at the point of iJenth, St. ri;irp 
entered the ■ick-rouui, tou(!heci Uic hnnil 
ni Che 'yiv BUtn, and in the proKencc of 
the whole nooie he wt upi xeatoied to 
perfect health. 

('-') At another time St. Clare cured the 
colic, from which one of the brothers waa 
anfferhiic, merely by signing the eufferer 
with hr»ly oil, 

(3) Once when the river Khonc was full 

to overflowin<;, one of the monks of St. 

Fcrr^ol fell into the river, ntul was in 

imminent dAn<;er of being curried away 

by ita current, which is cxceedinjily 

lapid. St, Clare made the sign of the 

eross, and On river lifted the men npon 

the bank, and he returned to the alilioy 

wholly without injury. — Le$ J'ttiU 

BoliamHiteSt roL L p. 81. 

tlw rBaT8B,**MiankH9«< i»fef iMwMw «f a 
•d;" mad WanaosaDim.) 

St, Clara heals all tiutnner of disfases bi^ 
the si'/n of the cross (a.d. lll»3 1J63). 
St. Francis d'A^sisI once went to St. 
Clara a sick man to hcul. She made on 
him the si|;n of the cross, and he re- 
covered forthwith. This hap|tened not 
to tliis man only, but to mnny. In fnct, 
all who had intirniitics resorted to the 
eonvent of St. Clnm, and ehe healed 
them with the sign of the i-ros?. — /.iVr' uf 
St. Clara (written l»y Llie expresis order 
of pope Alexander Y.). 

Lmnxmoe, b}i hying hi» hand on her 
foteheady citret Cyriaoa of headache. St. 
Ijiunnce lodged for a lime on Mount 
Celius with a widow named Cyriuca, who 
enteitained ell Christians that wanted 
refuge. Cyriac.i had a violent chronic 
headache, which grt-utly distressed her ; 
but St. I^wrence, laying his hendt on 
her forehead, and calling on the name of 
Jesns, completely cured her, and the 
pain never more retunierl. — I'li'in the 
J'ublic JteijtMtert, (This saint is in the 
eanon of the maee.) 

St. Mnrcul},!iUs aires the son of Gennis, 
tcho had bfcn bitten by a wolf (a.i>. 658). 
A seigneurj named Ucnais, came to 
Kanteuil with his son, who had been 
frightfully bitten bv a wolf. His whole 
ImhIv was lacerated, and hia death ex- 
pected every minute. St. Marculphus. 
tonehed wiUi pity, perfectly heeled ell 
tiie wounds simply by tlie sign of tlie 
cruea. — Acta HawUiruin (I'apebroch the 
BoUaadiat), U^r 1. 



by bltn vm m»mM to dM klast of Fnmoi **ttM sift of 

hnJing «cr.<riik:' twiiM odM "Ui« Mwgt vra** (8m 

Brnrilut XIV On tKt Cnn>nl:nli n of Sntmtt. bk Jr. 
rh 111 .V ). il l We are t..Ul Ui.U \\fT\r\ IV, cure4 
fiflren huniltr.1 in Ui« )iair I»iO(» , L.Hii« ,\IV. curnl fw.j 
Ul<HI*llli<l III tlir Karilrn nf SL Krim * ntilx-i iti : 
Cliarlei X, m lute m ItfitS. "tuuclwa" nuinx. Kdwartf 

Uw ConbMor Ml lha aMH* to felt nmam 

In EnstMid. ud Dr. ■mmhI ScliBm. to 1711 «m 

" Uitiriini ' br qutwn Ann* viMfi h« wm oa\j tbirty 
niiiiitlii old. Tlie KeotUkli kinfl abn " kMcbed ; * BJtd 
Hhnki-stx-arf, In bit Sl.icl.«tK, nutkM Hxtrntm mf be bad 
ofif-n v-r II ll,eg<nM kliiK do iliU " iiilrAruluut worfc" (M 

" •tnuigeljr rltUad pauy;*, ill awoln Aud ukmvm,' aat 




GMSklhakAeariiiHWtaaiof aiMBciMnnMncd Lot*I 

fwSs yijTiaMHj'iti ir' i ff v if ^ ^ 

kjiipi vtth IIm aaoiitdiis 40 at ikair sonaMlMk 

St. Placidus, 6,1/ laying his hand on 
Zuga'i headf cutm Ait Aeadtche, Zoffa, 
chief eecTetery of tiie Chnrdi et Caftua, 

was a martyr to lio.nlaclic, and entrfattMl 
St. Placidus, theu only twenty-hve years 
old, to lay his hand on him and cure 
him. Placidus, out of dilTiilmre, wished 
Zoffa to apply to St. Benedict, alleging 
that he was himself too yooiK to won 
miracles. The bishop Gennanus, who 
was present at the time, bade the young 
man do what was asked ; accordingly, 
he laid his hand on Zoffa's forehead, and 
prayed that God would voucbeefe to 
restore His servant to health and ease. 
Immediately the headache went away, 
and never again returned. — Laurentlns 
SuriuM (loTO), Lives of the Stints. 

St. St'fjttJitiiin aires gout by baptism. 
Tranquillinns was bowed together with 
gout, which had drawn ooe side of hia 
iMtdy quite ewry. When, bowerer, St. 
Sebastian baptized him, he was in- 
stantly made whole. lie came to the 
saint halting fMunfuUy on crutches, but 
quitted his presence Iceping joyfttUy Mid 
needing no supfiort. 

AwKher ex-iinple. When Cromatius, 
governor of ICome, who suffered friMu the 
some infirmity, saw the cure wrou^iii 
on Trani|uillinus, he also went to St. 
Sebastian, and promised to become a 
Christian, if the eeint would releeae him 
from the gout to which he had been a 
martyr for many years. While he waa 
still speaking, an angel came, and said, 

Cromatius, Jesus Christ hath sent me 
to thee, that all thy limbs may be re- 
stored to tlice whole and sound." In a 
moment the governor, who before could 
eeareely pnt his feet to the ground, 
leai'Cil np Ml perfect health. Then, falling 
at the ft'c't of St. Sebasiian, he entreated 
that both he and his ton Tiburtins 
mi^t bt bnptiaed. That wjr dagr, aoi 



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Pi. 1.] 



DOVKli: ALBERT— CATHEKINE. 



107 



only the (;ovemor and his ton, bat all 
bis boose, including slaves, to the number 
of fourteen hundred souIm, were added to 
the Church. After his Uaitttsm the 
governor f!»ve liberty to all bis slaves, 
and half his goods he distributed to the 
poor«— Kdwa^ KinesoMa {iiiiA)t 

^^^^ ^^fc^^ ^^fclJP^^^Ro 

Doves. (See Sour«) 

Matt. UL IS. Jenoii, when He w&<i haptlud, 
WCOtap slrali^wa.v out of the wau r : iind lo, 
the heavens were epeoed unto Ilim, sod the 
Spirit of Ood dssendsd libs a dww. sud Ughlsd 

oo lllm. 

A di/tc brings AlUrt (TOgna the Vkdkum 
(a.ij. 1279). When Allicrt d*Ogna was 
at the point of death, as the monk delaved 
to bring him the ViatioQin, » dove ^evr 
lo him, holding it in its bealc. — Aeta 
Sanct-rrum (BoUandists), May 13. 

A dutt brimfs a vcii to ^t, Aidet/undia 
tsAsn the become$ a nun (Ga(M>89). St. 
AMegundis, dnu^hier of prince Walbert 
of Bainaut, made a vow to be the spotless 
bride of Christ, and when prince Kudo 
pressed his suit of marriage, she ll»d to 
the monastery of Hautmont and told her 
talc. The ri \ t n nd fotliers hi;,'hly com- 
meoded ber, and advised her at once to 
take the vttl of virginity, which ^e 
reAdilyconsenU^d to '?o So they procee lf 1 
to the ceremony fortlnvith ; but when 
ttey were about to pn;.sent the veil, the^ 
found they bad none at. hand, for the veil 
with other vcsiuieut^ had been left on tlie 
altar of St. Vaast. It was a fatal mishap. 
Mid would have obliged them to defer the 
■mlee ; but, in the very midst of their 
perplexity, tin v saw a dove brin;;ing a 
veil in its beuk. Carrying it to St. 
Aldegnndis, the dove dropped it over her 
head. Nnthin<,' could be better. Every 
one wa.<4 ruviaiied at tlie S[)ectacle, and all 
agreed that St. Aldegundis had sacnticed 
herself to perpetual virginity with the 
Mlpable approval of God. — Uabb^ 

J)WMB, Life of Si. AUk''fUruIis. 

3%e Uoljf Ohoatf tike a dutt, detcemJa on 
8L AfiJmm o/ Sinta (a.d. ]220-i:i»i). 
The Holy Ghost, in the form of a dove, 
was often seen to descend on the bead of 
St* Ambrose of Siena, in Tuscany, while 
be was preaching. This gave his words 
such power, that not only were hardened 
sinners pricked to the heart, and the 
most obstinate softened, bat even the 
wise eoce whose wisdom was notscaeoMd 
with grace learned humility, and felt 
that, alter all, the love of God u tiis 



beginning of true wisdom. — Le R. P. Jeaa 

Haptiste Fouillet, AwmSt DomMoaine, voL 
iii. Blarrh 20. 

The JJoly Ohost^ like a dove, descends at 
birtk on tkeheadof A. AmMbertha (680- 
704). St. Austrebertha was the daughter 
of prayer, and her name was given her by 
the angel who announced to b«r parents 
that God had heard their prayer, and 
would give them a child *' who would l>e 
the mother of many." At the monii nt 
of her birth the chamber was filled with 
a heavenly odonr, and a while dove whi<^ 
hovered awhile above the Ijousc flr\v- into 
the chamber, and settled on the head of 
the infant. 

As .Vustrebertha grew to years of dis- 
cretion, one day a veil fell from bcaveu 
on her head while she was looking in a 
fountain in her father's garden. She 
knew this was a eatl htm God for her to 
tjike the veil, and dedicate !i>.rself to His 
service. — Surius, Live* uj Ute JSaints^ 
vol. i. 

A hram of fie and a dorf appear tehen 
St. liitiiil IS biptixed, VViieu t>t. Basil 
came to the river, he stripped, and went 
down straightway into the water, where 
Maximus, bishop of Jerusalem, baptized 
hiin. And there descended on him a 
beam of light from which flew a dove. 
The dove toncbed the water witii its 

wings, and then Hvin^ upwards straight 
into the cloud.-^, ^van lost to sight. This 
was seen by all those who were present 
at the time.— Kdward Kinesman (162j|), 
Li*^8 of the SaintSy p. 874. 

The //oil/ Ghost, in t/te form of a dove, 
deseenda m St. iiraulio (died 6^). The 
Holy Ghost, wishmg to sanction the 
doctrines propagated by St. Braulio, 
bishop of Sangossa, descended on his 
shoulder in the visible form of a dove, 
and pcemed before all the ]>enpk' to 
whi.'j|*er in bis cars the words he uttered, 
according to tliat promise, '* It shall be 
given you in that same boor what you 
ought to say.**— .St lldefonsa, Booh of 
Jllustrious Men. 

A dwe rests on the head of Driocu* 
(sixth eentory). While Bnoeos of Car- 
digan was receiving the roiiuiiunlon for 
the first time, a dove wluu as snow 
settled on his head, and the abbot knew 
that the young bov was a chosen vessel 
of honour. — Dom Lobineau, Lites of the 
Brit sh S< lints. 

The Spirit of Qod sits, as a vhite dove, 
on the kead of 8t. Catherine. As St. 

CAt}ifT:nr> nf Sirnn r.-'fii-^d to wf-rjr f'ui 

dothes, and deck hcrseit bravely accurd- 



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108 



DOVES: CATUEUINI^-FAUIAN. 



ini^ to ber ftekion in society, her mother 
rcln-ratcd her to tho kit^-hcn. One day her 
falhor, having occiwion to go into the 
kitchen, saw hiB daunh'er at nrayer, and 
on her head sat brwMiinjj » ^"^[fj^'^f' 
tlian onow. ImmediaUjly he entered the 
dove <lt!w away, and he asked Catherine 
what dove it was he saw siuing on lier 
heed. I know of no dove," ehe replied. 
So the frither knew it was the Holy 
Chost.— l,;iurenUu8 Suriua (15^0), Live$ 
of tho Stiinta. 

Catherine of Raccmigi rtoene$ oelestuU 
trine from a dorr (A.n. 1486-1647). 
Catherine of Rnci-. niu'i was the daii^liter 
of poor pereota, but from infancv showed 
greet Teoeration for the Virpn Mary. 
When she was only five yenrs oUl, a dove, 
white as snow, tiew inlo her chamlwr, 
and H»thJed on her shoulder. Thinkin;,' 
it mi^'ht be the devil, she made (he eign 
i.f the cross, and cried out, ** Jesus, 
Jesus!" Then a rav of lij:ht cnnie from 
the dove's beak and eotered ber mouth, 
and she heard these words: "Take, my 
little dftu^'htor, and drink this wine; l-y 
virtue of which you will never thirst 
again, but will feel thy hunger and thirst 
ior the h)ve of (Jod ^row daily stronger 
in thy soul." When she liad tasted the 
wine, she found it of heavenly Kwcetness, 
and forthwith there appeared to ber a 
lady clad in ft white robe end black 
niJintlc. Let tlie name of my Son be 
always in thy heart, my child," t<aid tlie 
lady. *<Whofti«you?" asked Catherine; 
•'and how came you here, seeinjj the door 
is shot?" " 1 am the mother of Jesus," 
she leiilied, "and I wish you to give 
yourself wholly to my Son." " Where 
IS your Son V " inquired the child. " You 
shall see llim soon," said tli. l.idy ; " hut 
M delicate plants die from culd, so love 
in the heart dies wiUiout grace. Give 
tlivself to my Son, and His ;:race shall 
abide wiUi you for cv er." "Poor as 1 am, 
what have 1 to give ? " asked the child. 
" Thv heart, my daughter ; give Him thy 
heart," said the Uuly, and vanished out 
of sight.— £«s F«tiU I Mimd i tte $, toL x. 
p. 608. 

A daw brin-js a phial of holf^ nii for the 
baptism of Imij Cluvis. When ( "lnvi^ w.is 
baptized, the church and ail its a|)[iroaclK:i 
were so densely crowded it was im|H>s- 
sible to move about ; hut when the king 
approached the font, it was discovered 
that the h. l v oil had been for^'otten. It 
would have been most unseemly to have 
detained the king while one of the priests 
* hU wij through the crowd to 



the vestry and hack again, so St. Kemi 
besought the I^>rd to pardon the neglect, 
and to send help in this time of need, lest 
His holy servants became a byword, and 
Ills sacrament a jest of the scornful. 
While still he prayed, lo ! a dove entered 
the church through an open window, 
carrving in its bill a phlftl of holf oil, 
which it placed in the hands of the 
officiating prelate, and then tiew away. 
St. Remi ^ve henrty thanks to Almighty 
God for His timesome f,'ift. and anointed 
Uie king with oil from iinrudise. When 
the pbiuwae opened, and the Itody of the 
king was anomtcd, the perfume which 
lilled the church was ravisbing, and none 
could doubt that St. Heuii's God was 
indeed the God of gods and King of 
kini^s.— Hincmar, ftrehbtshop ol Betnu 
(died I.'fc of f^t. H'-mi. 

A dijVd ii'ifiU on the land of St. Dunstan 
(a.d. 926 !«88). St, DunsUn poured out 
all the vials of his wrath on forgers and 
false moneyers, because the injury they 
did was ininieasurable. One day, even 
on the feast of Pentecost, he utade one 
of these fo^^rs a pnUie csnnple ; and 
"God showed, hy a miracle, that He 
approved thereof;" for while Dunstan 
was saying mass, a dove lif^ted oo hie 
head, remained tliere till the sacrament 
was oviT, Mild tlien llew to the tomb of 
the late archbishop Odo.— Osbsit OC 
Canterbury, Life of St, Duuitan. 

A diMC tijhtinf on tht head of St, 
Fihian^ he teas c/msi'n bishop (a.d. •J.J'"- 
260)* Fabian, a Koman soldier, happened 
to enter the church at Rome the very 
moment the synoil was met together for 
the election of a po|)e to succeed Anteros, 
No candidate had at present been nomi- 
nated, and the electors were in doubt 
wlioin to choose. Suddenly a dove flew 
down through the louvre of the catacomb, 
and, fluttering about fur a few moments, 
li;;hted on the head of Fabian. It was a 
rcpetiti'>n <*f llinlesccnt of the Holy <ilio.-t 
on Uie head of Jesus at the river Jordan, 
and all the assembly cried at once, "He 
is WMithy ! he is worthy ! he is the elect 
of God ! " and he w as accordingly led up 
to theepisco] al chair, and seated thereim. 
A souvenir oi this incident is preserved 
in the eataeonibs ; and Boeio found stt 
Arin;,'hi a b:i^-r>litf in which the papal 
chair was surmounted with a dove. 
Fabian was the first layman ever elected 
pof>e, and his life cert^iinly jiistilied tho 
choice, for no man inoro "worthy" ever 
ruled Uie church. (See St. Skvkri'S, 
p. 110.)— Ensebins, bt. Jerome^ Fenl 



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ft* LI 



DOVES : GEORGIA— MAUBILIUS. 



101 



Orouaa, and Gbrysoitom in hn Annat$ 

of Alexandria^ all mention this inoiilcnt. 

" He U winrthy ! ' wrrt ih* word* Mid At Ih* •IwliMI 

of )>!>>,< ill much Itc mne M **CM Ik* 

kins ! ' *t<uwi«4 ill r«»>l tetvcikni*. 

GeonjM of Clermont, in A w Ber tf ne^ 

wot honciuroi at dr.ith by a Ltrqe jlvjht of 

pigcom (sixth ceotuo')* denra 
of St 6«orRui*t w«t U> in<»rtlfy her 

body, " pf)ur en faire un rf-!!qua!ri' t!r la 
virgioitt*." When her Ixwiy, ''[ilus pur 
qu*uii beau lis," was carried to t^c ((rave, 



ft prcnt fli^'lit of piirrons, "whiter than 
cyjjnets," followed the funeral procession 
and settled on a roof till the funeral 
•enric* wm over, when thev flew opwardt 
atnugbt into hanvcn, and w«re lott to 
tif;ht. "C'^tait, sans doute, une h-^i< n 
d'anges dcs4%iidusdu cielpour hoiiorur k-^ 
•bs^nea de eette ^ponte de Jesus Christ 
(\\\\ avait vocu <lnn< nnr piin ti' "ciiililalile 
a la leur.'* — Jacques iiruuciic, iiaincU 

IMi tea imiiillii ■ilpli M MtoMM tem 

acKMtf iag to m nr*con(«lfwl artlMi. aa4 mu Mp lo 
ophUn tam» til Um |>benuincm «1M mtracM l» Um 
Urm ol Um aitau. WiMtbcr Umm pttouM wm« Anytb or 

not mtt tolrtf on Um miu touUi of M««{n> Brsinfh«. 

J (/• r<r ira4 s«m vhitperiny to tSt. Gregory 
the (irrat his inspirea uritinffs (a.D. 640- 
.604). SabiniMi, th« raocMsor of bt. 
Gregory, said toat ^ great pontiff had 
wasted shamefully the finanrcs nf the see, 
and left an empty exche»|uer behind. 
Thia eharge so irritated the people, that 
they collected together the writing;? of 
the saint to burn them. Many were 
thfftwn into the boodre, but his Uiuk^fues^ 
and some other of his writings, were 
saved by Peter the deacon, who declared 
he saw a dove whis|H'r in tlie car of 
t>t. Gregory the words of bis inspired 
writings, Mid that to hmn hie booki* 
would l)C to burn the inFoireJ word a of 
God. 'Ihi'so words completely changed 
the mind of tho people; aadthe pontiff 
who a little Wfore was regarded as a 
prodigal, was now este<*roed an infipired 
saint. In allusion to this story, (taintcrs 
in Christian art xepresent a white dove 
nmr Ae ear of St. Gregory the Great, 
t i >.i_:Tiifr tliat the Hnly Spirit inspired 
his writings. — John the deacon, Li/e ff 
St. 6r«gory the Urmt, (Written in the 
twelfth centnnr by order of pope Joh& 
VIII.) 

Vwt<^ th» cintrori ^% tti* p< r»<n ltitn«luc*d In Ih* four 
houlu o( Iii^(«um UlC tii.ertocuUir of St. (irrK.iry. 
Tb« uilier •riiitiio ut St. (^rrgurr «iUJit m il: tun 
/•ttttarai, io luur Mill ; 111 hto .Soprdnwntxrir, a inl«**l 
Mi4 rttusl of Um l%arcti of Kocm : ISI gomiUm on J<^: 
M) imtmt: (S) M «uiMtfi»«i Am* ^ CanM*» ; 



Aio90$ii$ on fkektadtffft. BSary to 

indirntc t'<<it fSid hid chmti^n him fftr the 
anUbishofn ui of Arlea (a.D. 401-44?), 
St. Hihkr>' attended the death -bed of St. 
Ilonorat, ari-htiisli>>|i of Arks, and fearin^j 
lest he should be chosen his succcs^^or, tied 
and hid himself in a desert. Castus, the 
governor of the ci^, tracked hini> and 
sent a troop of his militia to bring him 
biu k. When j)lnce<l before the convoca- 
tion he protei«u.>d againat being elected, 
but a dove, wliiter than snow, descended 
and sat on hi.^ Iiend. All the &«(<'enibly 
considered lbi» a direct indication uf God's 
choice, and Hilary could no longer resist. 
Be was only twenty-nine years old at the 
time, but his extreme youth only rendered 
hirt ^'reat virtues tf;( tn re conspicuous. — 
Honorot (bi»hop of Marseille), Viria 
JllHstribua, ch. tx. 

The soul of JuU'i, in the ^•inhlance of a 
dure, leaves ker hijd>j (Jifih century). St. 
Julia was emeified by Felix, governor of 
Corsica ; and as she died, her soul, under 
the fijfure of a dove, ascended to heaven. 
In ChriHtian art ^he is represented with a 
dove coming out of her month. — Dom 
Ruinart, AdU of St. Julia, 

Whrn Kritrii\<)t itiiil D 341)1. hU cpirit Srv frnm hl« 
U'lr tu Ut« [•nil >( n il>-\f' tirilttani whiUiMB. — Aam 



Whm St. Mfdiird dial, trco doves caine 
frt/tti Jtcuitn (a.i>. Mo). When St. 
Aledard died, just before he was placed 
in his torobi two doves descended torn 
heaven, and a third, whilnr than enow, 

came out of the saint's UH-utll. Tlie two 
doves were angels, and the third dove 
was the sonl whidi they had come to 
accompany to heaven.— }lc<a ^mdomm 
( HoUandisUi), vul. ii. June 8. 



■ I w uuiic orruin, loerrtur*^ ww nw una 
>ijer«n(tpni m »ou1 •ml body wa It is ako 



Thtn I* wnHMss 9mf Dfl(«wcifth|r In thb MU«rt. St 

M.iUnl K«ut lireii •I«m1 wnic M' <1>-1 st N-iyoti. 

mill liail l*irii riipri«l i>n mm ■ ■ i nl I m to Simjimiiih . •<> 
thM Uie MMil tiiuM Uit»« icui.iii>««l all IhU tini* in Uia 
dwl hudf. II b uullf wmin. thtircfor*^ ttuU life MmI 
•oul arc M lrMle|<«n<{r 
MTtAln tlMt Um 
Um iiMiiiirnt at < 
Biiwf Mio* from UiU ttory. 

TJui Holy Spirit, in the likeness of a 
doce, disccmla on St. Memrttit» (a*D. 
426). While St. Martin was consecrating 
Maurilius bi.thop of Angers, a dove 
whiter than snow li^'htcd on his head, 
and remained there till the service was 
over. St. Martin declared, to his penoonl 
knnwleilue, that to.t only did he see the 
Holy Ghost descend, as a dove, on the 
head of the new bishop, bot he beheld a 
whole company of angelc prp>-*»nt «t the 
ceremony. — Acta Sanctorum ( Bollandiata), 
Sept. 18. 



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DRAGONS SUBJECTED OB SUBDUED. 



[Pt. I. 



Down srnt id jfiint mit n site fitr a new 
muaastci-j^, projictt d by I'cUr the fufrmit 
(a.D. l6i«H). Peter the hermit was 
iwomiied, by the lords of the Apennioef, 
the means of biiildinf^ a monaster}'. He 
laid the foundation, nod raiee<l the walls 
some six feet from the grouiul, when the 
Virpii, displcMed fluil 1m bad not fint 
consulted her, overthrew the whole in one 
night. The berniit was 8tu{ietied, and 
instituted a religious procession to appease 
God and the saints. When the proces- 
sion reached Vallombroaa, a flock of 
doves picked up some grains of wheat, 
and dropued taem on the ground in 
•dvanee of the proeeasion, ao as to form 
the words AvK, Maria. St. Ptter, con- 
cluding that this was the spot which the 
Virgin Mary had aelcctcd, built bis 
monastery there. — Acta SmUorum, vol. 
ii. April 12, pp. 101, 102. 

A beam of lujht from AiOWis mted on 
the head of St, Remi whtm kt was chimn 
hi$fiop of Remu. When the people of 
IJeim^ wished to make St. Remi their 
bishop he refused the office, because he 
was only twenty-two years old ; but the 
pcojde fjersistcd in their choice. While 
the variance 8till continued, a great beam 
of Ii);ht hur?t from heaven, and rested on 
St. Renii's head, a holy dew bathed him 
with divine baptism, and an odour 
aweeter than any curthlv fragrance filled 
the place of the assembly. The people 
eottld no longer doubt Uiat God Himself 
had confirmed their choice, and even St. 
Kemi durst no lunger re»iHt, lest haply 
he abonld aeem to be fighting against 
God.— Hiaeaui (died 882^ Ltfs of SL 
Remi. 

When St. Samson xcas elected bishop, a 
doot rested on hia head (a.o. 666). When 
8L Samaon was elected bishop of the 

ancient see of Dol, near St. MjiIo, 
immediately he was seated on the throne, 
a white 4nTn» luminous and visible to 
all the congregation," settled on his head, 
and remained there till the cIohc of the 
sen'ice, iinsoared even by the noise and 
moTement of the crowd.— Dom Lobiaeao, 
Livee of the SahUs of Brittanff. 

St, Sfwrus tif R'lvenrui and the dove 
(A.O. 3»'J). On the death of Afolli- 
nnrina, tiia Christian community of lU- 
venna fasted three days, and then ajisem- 
bled in the church to select a !(ucce!i<«or. 
A dove, whiter than snow, (terched nn the 
head of Scverus, and the aA<»embly said 
at once that Screras was the elect of God. 
A few, however, nhocked at his raj;s and 
tatters, dnrm hiu out o< the church. 



The same priMliL'y oooorTcd the next day, 
and again tiic day fulluwing. Resistance 
Wit no longer (Mjssible, and Severus waa 
consecrated to the high and holv office. 
(See A DovK liuiitimo ox St. rAniax, 
p. 10H.)-/^5 FetUi SollamiMu (1880), 
ToL ii. p. 205. 

A dote iiukU on Mtf head of 8t. TrM 
(a.d. 1253-1303). On one occasion, when 
St. Yves was saying mass, a dove, all 
shi ling, lighted on his head, then flew to 
the hi;:h altar, and almoat immediately 
disappeared. 

Anothi r t-x tniple. Another day, as he 
was dining with a larue number of the 
poor, a dove entered the room, fluttered 
round him, and then li^'hted on his 
head; nor would it tlv awav till St. 
Yves had given it his blessing. — Dom 
Lobineau, XmWS U>» SsUKU qJ UrOOt 
liritdiii. 

JIahomefs dove. A dove was taught 
by Mahomet to pick aeed placed in nit 
ear. The bird would perch upon flm 

prophet's shoulder, and thrust its beak 
into his Mr to dnd tlie seed ; but Mahom^ 
gave ont that itwaa the Holy Gkoat, in 

the form of a dove, come to impart to 
him the counsels of (Jod. — Dr. Prideaux 
(UiyT), Life of Mahotnet (sec also 
Raleigh's Uist4)ty Of tke VioHd^ blu i. 
chap. i. 6). 

St- Petar Ctl«Hn«. pofw {im-19Sf). had abo « aovs 

Uiat perked hti ear, mkI «n« luiiixiwd lo be wlikpOT* 
to him U>e ltit|<initi.i:ii uf lie»vrn. In '''irlltittl 
art ha It oliaa dnwu wlUi •4a«« vhi^mrtnc is Ua mK»^ 

Mgr (Mdm nti*iaMiis%«DLiL».«. 
Dncona ralideeted orrabdiud. 

Mask x%i. IT, It. These signs shall Mtow 
tbeu that btUa%a . . . Ihigr shall take up aw> 

pents. 

Lt'XK X. It. Behold. I fdve yon pow« tn 

tre«<) oil serpents and Bcorpiont. 

IVai m a I 13. Tiioo slialt tread apon tli« 
liuii ami aililiT : the younp lion ami the dragun 
nlialt tliou tiitiiipk* uodrr li-tt. tlecau^c lie Imtb 
set bia love up<.>n Me, therefote will 1 deliver 
him. 

Acrs xxviii. 1-8. When Paul was ship> 
wreckett. and ra.«t on the island of Melita, toe 
people abowi^ liim and Lis c<4mp«nions nu llttia 
Kindneas. As it was wi t and cold. Paul ■ftltlfiil 
in isttacrloc sticks for a flf% when a v^r» 
warmed by 9m heat. ftstcMd ea his hand. 11m 
bsrbartans Instantljr said aaMOg theaiaelves. 
No duubt this man Is a maitierer, wboa, 
thougli he hath ewsfied th(> yet vt-ngeanov 
kufTeictb not to live. r<ul «tj"<>k tin* viper 
liuo the firv. and when tho ptop e naw lie 
sulT>T<-d no harm from the venmuuns beast, 
tii> y ( lutriifi d their miiMh eDnesrulng kli^and 

Mid, He IK a gi.id. 

ICkv. xii. 7, 8. And there wos war hi beavcnt 
Mkhael and hta aufsls fMghi afyaai the 



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DRAGONS: ANTONY, UEKNARD. 



Ill 



dr;< n : and the dragon *nil his angeU fought, 
but ; r ^ :nU-ti uut. 

iBx. xi «, 9. Tbe aucklfig cbUd •h«U pliir 
on ibe hole of the a^p, And the weanod cbUt 
iliAll put bis hand on the eookattloe' den. 

iBA. xiil. SI, 2S. Wild bMM «f Um daaeit 
•b*ll be tiMi*; and tbelrbiNMW shall be foil of 
do1ttalcrF«torMt«dUMl; and . . . utyrsRhall 
dance there; and the wiltl \)ca.'*L* of the t ;t i 
^^fk^pt^MM^ desolate houaea, aud dxuguus 

Bet caul the dra jon. There was a 
great dragoa which thev of Itabvlon 
wonibippedj and kiog Cyrus mM to 
Daniel, "Wilt thou sav thnt thin is of 
brass/ Lo! he liveth, he eateth, aod 
drinkitib. Thou canst not say that this 
drai^n is no god, therefore worship him." 
Then said Daniel to tbe king, 1 will 
worship the Lord niy God, for He is the 
living G«d. But give me leave, 0 lung, 
and I wilt tlay this dra$;on wittont «ither 
eword or st;iff." Tlie kii){; said, "I give 
thee leave." Then Daniel took [liich, uad 
fat, and bair, and did teethe thtin to- 
pether, and made lumps t!j( Tr< f. This 
he put into the dru^Mjn's mouth, and so 
the dra^foti burst asunder. And Daniel 
•aid, Lo I these be tbe gods tou wor- 
Aip.**— Apocrypha : ami the Vra jon, 

A hijHxxxntaw and natyr are seen by 
8L An£m^ the hermU (a.d. ft42). St 

Jerr niP q-trr-? the followin;^, not as a 
poetical iaticy, but a suber historical fact. 
Antony, thinking he wai the only hermit 
in tha world, was told in a vision that he 
Was neither the only nor yet the oldest 
anchorite, for one was living older and 
heUet than he, whom it was his bounden 
duty to Irani up. He was ninety years 
old at the time, and knew rii^t!ifr the 
name nor the whereabouts of t)ii^« hermit ; 
but at break of day he took his st^tf, and 
began bis journey, fully believing that 
(j<^ who sent the vision would also guide 
him in the right path. Scarcely had ho 
stattetl when be saw a bippocentaur (half 
» nan and balf a horse), and crossing 
bimself he cried aloud, " Ho, there! 
where dwells this man of God that I am 
to find out V " Tba monster muttered, 
*♦ How plir.uld I know anythi'^i: of the 
barbarian ? " yet be pointed out tlie rood, 
and flew on as if ne had wings. St. 
Jerome nalvelj addS| no doubt it waa 
At devil who aasnmed ttis gnise to 
Irkfatcn t!ic >;.:t'.t. 

Antony was astonished but no4 
alarmed, and walked on till be met a 
satvr, a cTrnture partly human, but not 
wholly so. He was very diminutive in 



aise, bnl strong ; his noae was hooked, 
and horns f(nw ont of his forehead, as in 

a goat. An! iiy was amazed, but the 
creature tried to win his con8dence by 
offering him diUes. Antony fell Into 
conversation with bin Htrange companion ; 
and the creature told Antony ne was 
what tnen call a satyr, and was sent by 
bis fellows to meet Antony, to entreat 
bis prayers, and learn from him some- 
tiling nhout the Saviour of the world. 
After a little further discourse the satvr 
•el off running, and lied oat of sight 
swifter than a s^uig. 

bo pa*»ed the first day of his jour- 
n^. The second dawned, but still he 
knew not whither be was to go. On, 
still on be trudged, wearily, heavily, till 
nightfall, when he fell to the earth in 

Srayer, aiadoontinued so tilt break of day. 
te now saw a she-wolf, [mnting ynth 
thirst, creeping down the slope of a hi^jh 
mouDtain. lie followed the creature 
with his eye, and saw it enter a cavern in 
tbe side of the mountain. Thitlifr went 
Antony ; and, coming to the [>iace, found 
a deep cavern, dark and intricate. 
Wholly without fear he Altered; and, 
having ]»enetrated about half-way, saw 
a di.-^tant liglit. To make a long story 
short, here dwelt the hermit he was in 
search of ; he was called Paul the Eremite. 
Thf^v TTK-t, «fihi?o(!, and conversed. Next 
day I'aul prayed his brotlter hermit to go 
and fetch St. Athanosius's cloak to wrap 
round him, and while ha was gene on this 
errand, Paul died. 

T/u: life of St. P.nJ, ihe first hermit, 
by St. Jero/nCt has never been dwiitted^ and 
it certainly a^hgntk. 

Si. Bcrti'trd of Menthon aubdws th* 
dr<hjon of the Alps {a.u. 923-1008). 
Kichard de la Val d Is^re, the successor 
of St. licrnard of &lentlion, often called 
the " Great," says he was himself eye-wit- 
ne.13 of tlie fidlnwing miracle. St. Ber- 
nard left at the b«>tiom of the Alps the 
bishop, clergy, and procession, which bad 
followed hiiu thither; and with niti. j il- 
grims ascended the mountain, where was 
the brigand Proeus, called the Giant," 
anr! wnr.ihipped as a god. St. Bernard and 
bis companions came up to the giant, and 
saw hard by a huge dragon ready to 
deronr them. Bernard made the sign of 
Ihe cross, and ihen threw his stole over 
the monfter*s neck. The stole instantly 
changed itself into an iron chain, except 
the two ends held in Ihc saint's hands. 
"C'cst ainsi qu'un zl-le accoTnpat^nf^ fiv !a 
pribre et de la confiaace en i>ieu desarme 



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lit 



DRAGONS; CALUPPA— GEORGE. 



[Pr. I. 



I'enfer." The nine pilprims killed the 
dnigoD, and the two ends of tiie »tole are 
nresen'eil in the treasury of the abbey of 
St. UAnrice-en- Valais. ' It is from tliis 
event that St Bermml, in ChrisHnn art, 
is represented holding in harul n Vi linotl 
devil. The body of this monmicr was 
buried in a cttv« near the monastery, and 
nnt long since ft stonc was disinterred 
bearing this inscription: "Cl-CIT US 
MAOICIKN, AI>fBLA PbOCUI, MtMinRB 
x>u nkmos." 

St. Caluppa of Aurrrtfm puts to flight 
tvco drn<ii>ns (a.i>. .''7i>). St. (*afuppa 
constructed for himself an oratory in 
AuTefKoe* when one day two cnoraiout 
dragons encountered him. The l.ir^er of 
the two lifted up its head with open 
mooUi aisunst the fliee of the snint, as if 
it was going to tav something, but 
Caluppa, horror-struck, was unable to 
move hand or foot, and stood stupefied. 
So the two remained for several minutes : 
at tengtt the sunt reeovored himself 
^ufliciclltly to make the t^i^n of the cross, 
on his face, and, speech n rnming, he 
said to the drairon, **Are i> [ vou Uie 
8cq>ent who a))peared to Kve in the 

Scarden of Eden ? Avaunt ! the cross of 
lesos Christ is vour destruction." Then 
the diSKon slunk away, and hid itself in 
the earai. In the mean time tiie other 
and smalh r I r.ist rolled it.«clf round the 
legs of tlie ijHint, but Calupjoa. taking 
courage by bis victory, said, *»Ulr, Satanl 
Touch me not I am the servant of Jesus 
Christ." At tliose words this dragon aUo 
rolled away, and never afterwards was the 
saint nnnoyed by dragon or serpent. — St. 
Gregon- of Tours, History, bk. v. ch. 9. 

St. rkrmitian del tr erf. Jju;f from a for- 
midabie dragm (a.u. ^0). Domitian 
was Ushop of Maestrieht and is noted 
for having deli\ered the inhfibitants of 
liuy from a foriiiiduble dragon, which 
OHued most frightful ravages. In Chris* 
tian art, St. Domitinn !•< represented with 
a dragon at his feet ; and a yearly pro- 
cession is still made to the fouBtaui WDOV 
the dragon was siain. 

St. Eutychua extirpates the serpents of 
Gistoria (A.D. MO). The neighbourhood 
of Castoria was greatly infested with 
serpents; but Eutvchus prayed that God 
would extirpate tliem, and they were all 
destroyed bv li'^'htning. "Th^ are well 
dend.'^said SI M r i t, «• but who shall 
remove them out of our sight ? " ''I will 



send a cloud of birds to devour them," 
said the Lord. And it was so. — Gregory 
the Great, Dialogues, bk. iii. ch. 15. 

St, /Wftton commamU a dra/wn U» dit 
(A.n. 74). St. Fronton of i^yeaonla, 

quitting; l?i'':ii,Vjii^I-, CiUiir tn Sr>i%-<ins, 

and here he was infoniud of a hideous 
dragon which committed great havoc, 
and spread terror through all the nei^^h^ 
bourhood. Tlie Cliristians of Suiji^ons 
implored him to kill the monster, so he 
proceeded at once to Nogeliac, the 
dragon's haunt. As St. Fronton ap- 
proached, the dragon retreated, evidently 
afraid. On went the saint fearlessly ; 
the dragon stopped, raised its heM. 
uttered an ind» -« rihaMr but frightful 
hissing noise, and us whole attitude spoke 
mischief. *' In the nanieof JesnaCbnst,'* 
said St. Fronton, *' I command vou to 
die." The words fell like a thundferbolt, 
and the monster died on tlic spot. The 
people of the couotir, ama%ed at the 
"mirade,** demandea to be baptized, 
and miinliers were added duilv to the 
Church. — Pergot, Life 9f St. Pront (or 
Fronton). 

Tills li niKiiirptilj KM HlWvorf. Th« drnxnn dtai it th« 
woria i|or prMchlnf ) ut Si. FMiitoii. and wtMii Um diMnn 
!• rtcMl. Um iMHsb an iw^MisS. m» SMkar Mai It 

A. George of Lyddbi kttls a dta^ (a.i>. 

280 30.3). St. Geor-e, the patron :iiMt 
of England, is not tieorge i>f ("appadocm, 
theArian bishopof Alexandria, ai^ Gibbon 
says, but St. George of Lydda, the son of 
wealthy parijnts, bis father being io the 
imfierial 8er\'ice. At the age of seventeen 
St. George entered theanny of DiocletiaD, 
and was ndsed to tiie rank of mllKaty 
chiliarch or tribune of the imperial guards ; 
but when Diocletian began his persecu- 
tions against the Christians, St. Qeoive 
sold all liis goods to give in alms to the 
poor, liberated his slaves, and boldly 
rebuked thtt emperor for hti cruelt>. 
This drew upon him the anger of the 
emperor, and be was beheaded, April 23, 
A.i>. I S». (ieorgc is the patron saint 
of soldiers, and is honoured m the Greek 
Church as a ** Great Martyr.** He was 
the ilr f prrtron saint of Genoa. In the 
crusades, he was a great favourite with 
our own kings; in 1322, it was determined 
by the Kati-mal C< juiu'il, lield at Oxford, 
to keep April 23 in his honour; and 
in 13oU, when I'd ward III. instituted the 
Older of the Garter, St. George was 
•deded as Ha patron and protector. Jean 
Darche, in her Ifiston Y '7 /r, 
published in 1866, has devoted above a 



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Pr.L] 



mtAGONSt GERM ANUS, HILARION. 



118 



hundred pajifcs to the Story of the Drajjoo, 
and considered it an historical fact. 

The tiile of the dragon jjivcn in Percy's 
Mi/'u s, 11 1 . lii. l>, h not Udd of St. (Jcor^rc 
of Lydila, tln' patron saint of England, 
but of St. (ieor^ic of Coventry, called the 
■on of lofd Albert. Thia SU Geonje was 
itolea in inftuicy by the ** weird lady of 
the woods," who brought him up to deeds 
of amis. His body had three marks, viz. 
a dragon on the breast, a garter round one 
of the legs, and a lilixul-red cross on the 
right arm. When St. lieorge of Coventry 
grew to manhood, he fougnt against the 
Saracens. In Libya he heard of a huge 
dragon to whieh a damsel was daily given 
for food ; and it so happciit <l tli:it win n 
be arrived, the victim was ijabra, the 
king's daoghter. She was already tied 
to toe stake when St. George ciiue up. 
On came the dragon ; but the knight, 
thrtuting his lance into the monster's 
month, lulled it on the spot. Sabra, 
being brought to England, beeama the 
v>\f<' of her deliverer, and they Uvcd 
happily in Coventry till death. 

Tkh teb b caaip«»UT«Or nodcrn ; <mtalaly not «ril«r 
Am Om iMaad iMir nw tMMMMk «wlM. Omm 
of I«ild« dM In AJk m sadMcaiewai ndtr twtaty. 

Utnm fmn oi 

Many, like Gibbon, insist that our 
patron saint b George of Cappadocia, who 
died A.i>. 3<>1, and certainly was no iuiint. 
II is father was a fuller, and, according 
to St. Gregory of Nazianzen, tlM SOn dis- 
tinguished himself, in early age, as a 
panwite of to mean a type that ne would 
sell himself for a cnku. l\\ iln -io arts he 
obtained the contract for supplying bacon 
to the troops ; bnt he fnlnllea ita terns 
so ill, that he with difficulty escaped 
being torn to ijieces by the .Holdiers. He 
then fled to Alexandria, where he entered 
the public service, embraced Christianity, 
and finally became Arian bishop of that 
'city. On taking possession of liis see, 
he joined the hue and cry against the 
Trinitarians, but was obliged to flee for 
his life. Ultimat«'ly, the jx-ople rose up 
against him, dragged hini out of the 
prison to which he hml Hed for refuge, 
Daiadcd him through the streets on t!ie 
mek of a camel, and, after tearing him 
to liieeea, Immt hia ranaiiit. 

II mmH be in i f iB t iw pd flnt. that thti aconunt ti drawn 
kf kb MMnnim tlw Triiillju-t«n«. wIki (houjclil ii«tlilii( 
too Ymti to tar «i{iiiii>i U>« \rUii<, «iwi v.hiI<1 not ntinU 
aiijr f"i »' liJI in ti..iu .v^ Mi.lii. ih.' |«r»«-ul>>n wtio 
ton Goar*i of Capindocta to iiwkcm «w« Mt uii lif tb« 
IWaHaitiWi eto VM is Jasito UhmmItw b* vUIOIh 
llM ArfHM. «Imhi dMf hMM «>wn. Nothlnc in M 
Urtoty b mora dcploralil* thwi ihia lone railgtmM ciwiU'n- 
Oeo twtwmn the ArUiii muI TrIitlbkrtMM It womU \m 



ff^JP?f?*^ff^."«r*™*^"** tfifc Arise M itit 

It U «<'!> difficull tu get the iiory of th« draion to flt 
(hr ><>'iiu Hilitli-r : nixl If tbr ArUti hl<]i<iti i> fAtHnml 
with :i Ilir Jr»5.in niu-t moiii Uir TrlnHnnam ; tmt In 
UiBl CM Um dniiiiMi tlrw 81. Gsurite. m>i1 uot bC Uoam 
UM4iWMib tlMtaerwlorOMnpndlks«i^BM«M 
Mhsa — ttkt ladwd da tta iUi oT Um eraaimr 

PMnM aai Sietsa ir T>i« n«.wn why OrorK* took 
M hMl a liWt Wtth the mi<n>l«n \* UiU : Wlien tiM 
QirliiUM tamf wm btt^wr Aiill->ch. hl> irtirxt auiM to 
tbeir akt, and lha uicrcM of Uie .i<vc w:u nlwa)* a.«:nl>«d 
to Uili mint bjrGoiUrvx uT Buullloii. Hertoe Uie £uruii«oa 
SMnsI Um >(miihi mOltaqr Martfr. Tbto davoOott «m 
•SHinMd brOMaptMrithm oTM. Ovorve to KichMdUea* 
iMVt. maNriiiK him of rlctorr. In Cliriitian Ml 81. 
O «oni i in rrprviMilad on honptaMrk tilllnK at a itnttt drafoo. 
Jwn r>;\rTlkr. In hU lU St. Omry i|kul>IUIieit imM), 
hkt ^'tvrn .-vUirp a hundred pnfn I<> i>r<>t>' tJint thIa 
draguii waa a real aninuU, iwt Alima lUittcr, In hu i.(*w 
ft<tA« Mmtmti, im, " The dranon b onlr aa enhtamatkftl 
AciM or the dertl. whkb St. Gear«i overauue bjr bia Mtt 
mud forUtude.'' If to, Uiara l» ae md*l pn>pn«t]r In the 
•niblem ; fur all the thnuaanili and tena of tfauUMind* ot 
aalnU did the tanH). or th<*> Wf re no nliita at a;l. IndecL 
a irrj Urwe (lart of liiv>"l'V> >• ••"^h ri-i'<ui(i' iti o( Uiu 
OnnSlrt. dncrihad bjriiun)nM a.< n h.crl'' Kc'.wreii Chrta. 
(ten aad ApollfOfl. If St. aeorsc U mjuiiI v meant r ir an 
•mfalem ef « jroMng C iriitbui, ttw ilniK'>ii u»f be an 
•niblem of tbc teinptaUoni which baaal him : but tf be 
wai a f nunc aoM'ar, who dk«d at th« cariy a«B (if twenty, 
three, it b no leu titan r1<li<-til«u4 to inakr hliii the t>|ilcal 
hero of the (."brkitian atlil«-(<> nithliuti thr tkchl ol l»<i)u 
Hundmda of auinta. cuch aa t^C Aiiliiii)r. St. Francb, St. 
MarUn. St. HiUrion. and w on, wuoM hsm klHllB> 
maawrablj preferable for Mch a purpoae. 

St. Germitnm of Scvticnui leads a dragpH 
to a deep pii, and throwa it in (fifth cen- 
tur}-). When St. German us of Scotland 
reached Dieppe, he there saw a dragon 
of prodigious size ravaging the whole 
country. It had just kiUed a ehild, and 
was the terror of the neighbourhood. 
The saint tirst re:>tored the child to lite, 
and then, going to the dragon's lair, a 
deep cavern, threw his handkerchief about 
its neck, led it c^uietly to a deep pit, and 
pushed il in. llii^* miracle so amazed 
the people, that tive hundred of thei* 
were converted and baptized. (See note 
to St. Paul, etc., p. lift.)— Corblet, 
//(I HHjrapiite d Amiens. 

St. mUiriun coinnuinds the dnvjon BiMt 
to walk into a Jire, ami be burnt to death, 
Dalmatia was troubled with a dragon 
callid Hoa, which destn>ye<l all the 
country round abouL devoured the oxen 
and other bcaato, and killed the husband* 
men and shepherds. St. Ililarion looked 
on the people with compassion, and bade 
them pile up a huge itack of wood. Thti 
being done, he commanded the dragon to 
go into the stack, which was then set 6 re 
til. The monster could not resist, and 
was therefore burnt to death in the sight 
of all the Ti««>ple. — St. Jerome, Vita St* 
Ilihtriimis EriUi,t((t (a.d. S^p 
Nicephorus Caliistus (died l<i60), IXci^ 



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114 



DRAGONS : TIONORATUS— MARCEI 



fPr. 1. 



SSf. Iiom>rattis, bishop of Arlcs^ clears 
ike iale of Lerms of s< rpeiU»» The m1« of 
Lerins in the fourth centtirr was n mere 
deii^rt, rendered inaccen^ibli: by thcnuuibtr 
of Ber|«nt« which swanned there. In 
410 St. Uononttw Iftodcd on the isUod, 
Mid tli« Mipents soon yiddcd to him. 

Mcnrp, in ('liri-ti:iu jir(, he i- roprpscntt'd 
M t?xii«lling serpeuU fruiii the isle with 
hw pMtomf atett.— St Htkcy, Lift o/ 

Jhnoratus. 

St. Iltlarr •A>\i^ the Ar^tri loon blenomeil like the 
toae. Ul« )«>-i>iiw prnplnl vilh MIflel*, tmA KTvw Into 
tiu dtjr of Ood and colon/ oT JoMii Chrltt. St. UonornUM 
tlwii|wdllhrTiVi><lH)t<flfi*MM»t^ 

i>ttti>ilL<gOa33i^^ **** 

F^t. Iliho-'j, hithop of Pottirrs, clears Oal- 
linaria of serpenU (a.d. 847). When St. 
Hilary tet foot on OalllnsHft, he found 
the i.oland unir'i il ital-N frum its prent 
Abundance ofdcaUly 9eri>eiUH ; but tbey all 
reti red before the saint, neeinf; ai he chased 
them in the name of Jesuti Christ, lie tlion 

Etnnted his stick in a certain spot uf the 
ibuid, and commanded them never again 
to |MM Uiet boundary, end they obeyed 
him.— Dom Coutent, Vita 8Mcti fftfarH 
Pictaviensis, etc. 

No d^ubt this k u ■llMiiiiT. lha MTMirt* bttag tb* 
aU.riK^ii'* ot Um iilui4«M WMtMA catila 

Bud iuulU. 

St. llerius destroys the dra^fon of the 
Tarn (seventh <:«'ntiiry). .St. Enimia, 
daughter of Clotai e H., king of France, 
heing' cured of ]cprf>.'«y by ihe waten of 
the Fontaine de Iturle, constructed a 
monastery in the vicinity ; but the devil, 
iadifrnaat at this oeir' any him for in- 
nocence and virtue, assumed the form of 
a dnujon, and every Saturday ni^ht 
kickea down what had been constructed 
daring the week. The princoM told her 
grief to St. fieri us, bishop of Mende, who 
promised his assistar'oc. A fe»v li i\ - 
afterwards the iofernitl dra;;on, uiurc 
furious than ever, ran aftainst the new 
Yii:iMin^ and utterly dpstroyed it; bo 
tilt" iiisfiop went without further delay to 
encounter the demon. On his way he 
mcked up two sticks* which he tied 
iofeether in the form of a cm«p, and im- 
medifttely t'n lr i;^on saw tl i instrument 
of man's redemption, it relreateU to a 
deep Ror(;e and was never seen again. — 
Propre da i de 3fnuL' (ItUH). 

Tit«*r« can tm lltUe il<'<i)>t ilml tlio s)Kivt» li an ollisorir. 
TH* dnmon U the t|>frit i>r i.|i|a>«uii<ii lo tl.r nifli) m th» 
nelKbltourbooil, vlko kickeii «k»wn Um witlis of Uw nionaa- 
•ffy«iSMla«ili«jr««r«lMilt np. Allaagta lb* blabav 
■r Ibwts latcflMwL snd br Um ioAMMS of lb* doctriM 
•rttoanw^lvid tnk tpkUtI ««paailMbSO lh«« tlw 



St. Lifiird kills a huge drajon mthuut 
iottc/tin'i it (sixth century). St. Lifard 
lived the life of a recluse in the ruins ol 
an old chateau near the town of Mebnn 
Bur la Loire, a few miles from Orleani<i. 
Here was a dreadful dragon greatly feared 
by the inhabitants, but St. Lifard at 

once dfMt ru\ rd it. I'rl.'irm !iad followed 

hint to thia rctrcAt, and Uie saint told 
him to go and plant a stick near the 
mouth of thf (\m'^ffn\ !nir. T'rhicus was 
greatly afraid, but nevfiifw 1< ks went, in 
obedience to his mtister, anil 8tuck the 
stick in the ground where the monster 
could not help seeing it. Searvely had* 
he left the HjMit when the dra^ron came 
from his lair, attacked the stick, and, toy- 
ing to pull it down. It snapped in pieces^ 
wounding the dragon 9i> vc^^l^• thnt it 
bled to death. The demou8 wbicii hud 
made their abode in the dragon, and used 
it as their instrument of mischief, fled 
with hideous howls, crving aloud, an they 
fl. w in'n Ml, air, " LifardT Lifard ! " The 
inhabitants of the neighbourhood beard 
the cries, knew tl'at they were delivered 
from the monster, and thanked thr ?nint 
with tears of gratitude. — Acta Sincti/rum 
(HoUandists), June 3. 

St. Marcel banishes from Paris a twrm- 
pire drat/on (a.i». 13b). There was in 
Paris a daniL' of high rank who bad li\ ed 
a very abandoaed life, and died in her 
uns. Being a Chrtsttsn and not excom- 
mnnirated, she was buried in consecrated 
ground ; but the same night that she was 
interred, a dtagoa ol monstrous figure 
and size came from a de.4ert to Paris, 
hollowed out a great hole for its retreat, 
and began to feed on the dead body. It 
did not devour the whole at once, but 
rstamed to the hateful baDouet orer and 
over agnin. As the breath of the monster 
infected the air, those dwelling near the 
churchy a ni were »o gKUtly ulannad that 
thev left their houses ; and the saint was 

i»etilioned to come to the rescue* St. 
tiarerl, armed with arrows and spears, 
went to the churchj'aid; and when the 
dragon drew nigh knocked it on the head 
three times with his cross ; then, throwing 
his cloak rouod the creature's neck, he led 
it four miles beyond the city gates, and 
said to it, " Kither promise hrn after 
never to quit this wood, or I wiii cujst 
you at once into the sea." The dragon 
made the required promise, and was never 
after seen in Paris or its neighbouihood, 
— Gregorj' of Tours. 

W» U viUMM dawU ao aOmiL fto ttmm WM 

^ T '^"T^f ' •- 1 



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DRAGONS; MARTHA— PAUL DB LEON. 



118 




It WM iullll>l«d 



|tr.4md. 1 
l>> Itir 
lu ruMT I 
it bilk 

Mariht, the eisier of /utfttrHS, mMiwt 

//,< diiujun nf Tii/M.-o -n ia.i». K4). M^r. 
Gui'rin tells ut Ui*t, afUr the Ai<ceDfiion, 
the Jew* laid luuida od Harthn, the sister 
of Ijiiuirti^. mill sftit her ndrifl in a boat 
witliout hail'*, rtiddf r, oars, or provisions ; 
Md that the boat curried her to Miirseiltefl, 
where iht landed, end introduced the 
KO!«[id. About the nme time n horrible 
drajfon, half btft!"t juni half fisli, canned 
dreadful havoc, for it used to bide umior 
the water* of the Rhone, and vpeet the 
VCWvId, in order to prey upon the 
paMfencers and sailors. Someliiiiea it 
iitnde incur»ion8 int« the neighbouring 
fureste, and devoured every one it en- 
eoontered. The inhabitants being told 
alxitit M;irt!i!i rtpri'^fnlfd their case to 
her, and Martha went ai once into the 
forest indicated and saw the dfagon 
"ntinj; a nion. She made the si{^ of the 
cro<<s (!!), she sprinkled holy wat«r on 
the beast (!!), and the dragon became so 
•ubmissive, tliat Martha led it like a lamb 
with her girdle, and gave it to the people, 
who fortlnvith killed it Avith land's and 
•tones. On dit que le nom de Taras- 
coB** was given to the place, **h canae 
de ce dragon, pnrrc que 'larasquo, en 
provcn^oJ, signiiie wus cJutae hurrtble.'' — 
iM PettU JMbuidkteaf vol. ix. p. 98. 



Aceonllnji to OrMk mjrthologr th* ptaet f«nK«4 Mi 
luuiM froiu T«ra«, mu of Nvi'tune. As Um river Khan* 
MiC>it IM oM "lat M «f th« mn.' then l« Jiat M 
■HHh UhaillMnd In thltdcHvatf'UiM In tha iii»»>r. and no 
■MM Holy w.ilvr «ma unknown tt l a o. ttt$3. and tli« 
llpi of tiM •rnj wa< |'riil»ilJx i«>t In llir flrat two 

csalartai m • cynU«« ^riubol. RtM »iut talk •<« it wm m 
MsHa tht fcfO tmmr ts ah 



St. Patrick expeii ikt serpents from 

Ire/and ( tifth century). St, Patrick drove 
all tlie 9cr|>entb out of Ireland ; and hence 
be Is represented in Christian art with a 
eerpent coUed round a pai<toral staff. 
TbU protMbljr vac ooljr Ml alksorical «v of < 



Ireland exempt from tcnoHMUM re/>iS0$, 
It is said that Ireland is exempt from 
serpents and other venomous reptiles, 
because of St. Patrick's staff, c.tilid 
*'The Staff of Jesus,'* given by Hi. 
Platriek, and kept with great Teacntion 
in Dublin.— Ralph lli^'dcn (1360), 
cfmm-con (pubiitihed by (jale). 

1 be isle of Malta )s said to derive a 
like pnvilege froui St. Paul, who was 
there bitten bj a viper (Actsxxviii. I-tiJ. 

BL fatriek a uarm eket a fUfwimff ud 



serpent. There is a current legend that 
when St. Patrick ordered the serpents 
of Ireland into the sea, one of the older 
reptiles refused to obey; bnt the taint 
ovi'rM)a<terod it liv stmta;:rm. He made 
a box, and invited the serpent to enter in. 
pretending it would be a nice place for it 
to 8lee[) in. The serpent said the box 
wof too nniall, but St. Patrick maintained 
it was quite large enough. So high at 
length tbe conteat nae, that the aerpent 
got into the box to prove it was too 
small ; whcreujion St. P.itri' k clapped 
down the lid, and threw Uie box into the 



I itofy to onir 0*m ss a kpoA tat H h —mil 

Itk* a stoqr la Um AfrntHm Ktn^lt*. 



Tilt* I 

mrnu. A flih«riuoa. *« afc loM, drew up In liU not a 
bus. aiid ou open I Of it, mi erll ifaiiltu (tn>l'«'<l f'>rtii. 
tlirvatrrilriK thr H-hpmuin wiUi di-alh. the fl*hrr> 

ni.Hii lo Uh- K'"!'"". Where did >ou eonw InnnT" 
" Whrr-- ilwl I ortitr from?" uld tbegirnlu*; " out ol 
tlutt boi. tu be Hire ; where elw thoubt I eom* froiuT* 
" Noiiwii'*.'' rvpikd the fl-.iiefiiMii ; "jrou aiiinol ipun- 
moil iiir. i>ld fellow. Y>>n don't nMU to loll me yuu owm 
out of that box" "Ye-. I dM." NlobMd the Miililk 
"■ No. »ou illilii't." pen.tted the man. " I mx I did.* 
rxt'Uiiiwil tlic Ketnu-, w:uiiii|| In a rngt. "I MX )<>U 
couldn t," rrturtcil tbe fitber : " It U too imall lu boM 
half u( )ou." ' but I aa) I dkl.'* nUd tbe gvrnltM; and; Is 
prove blx |<olnt. he tiinied bluiealr into imuke. and. anlar* 
\nt the but, mid to Uie nuui. *' Wlio now la nglit. )0U or 
IT* but ibe inument tbe (ciilua wa« lairlf In. the (Ulief- 
'uuiw4ilowiiilMlM.i ' 



St. I'auly of Leon, comrwitids a 

drtk/on to prcctpitttte itself into tl\e sea 
(A,i>. 492 -678). While St. Paul was at 
^\'ifll^. tlic count nskcd hiiii to free the 
i.-«land of a terrible dragon which com* 
mitted great ravages, and devoured 
human beings. The saint undertook the 
adventure, and passed the night in prayer 
with the priests of the inland. Tiien, 
after celebrating mass, arraved in hi* 
episcopal robes, lie went to the dnigoo*a 
c.ive, and commanded the beast to cnm^ 
forth. The dragon ol»eyed, and Paul, 
placing his ittole about its neck, led it to 
the coast on the north side of the i<»le, 
and commanded the beast to prccipttate 
itself at once into the sea. This did it, 
and in testimony thereof the place it 
called «« The Dragon** Abyae ** to thi* day, 
and the sea there always makes a terrible 
roaring noise like Uic howl of an angr^ 
dragon in agony. In reward of this 
great serv.ice, the count gave Paul his 
|Milace and its dependencies for a monoi*- 
tery ; and there the Ruint lived with 
twelve priest* and several h^'ncn, who 
rraonnecd the world and lived to God.— 
M'tr. Giii'rin fchnniberlain of |Ki|>e Leo 
Xlll.), Vies des .Sioi/.", vol. iii. p. :i:>y. 
M. (le Krtolnvllla tblnlu tbl> dncon «*« * mxadUt 



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116 



DRAGONS: PAC0MIU3— SIMON AND JUDE. 



[Pr. t. 



of Uicae wa w lkoi will wholly Mturjr Uic p^nlctiUn o' 
IIm hfNriLaltkam^ llw taClor l> for ntor* likefjr Uian tb« 
turns, lb* hmiMtt Wnvi drruand b) t^v draarKi 
wtuMbcllM iMidvaMMtlAnd lo hMk 18m Mr. 
ttlBlUliM».inL| 

5f. Pncomius trod on sfrpcnh and dra- 
qoiit mthmtt injnrti (a.I». 292-348). St. 
Paonniius was able to tread on serpents 
without injurs' ; to cru^h scorpions under 
hilt feet ; and when he visited the monas- 
teries along the Nile, crocodiles took him 
on their bMks across the river. Thoneb 
lie lived to the of flftj-six jean, he 
BtJirri'ly ever nte anything, and never 
went in bed ; Ihe cmly sleep be allowed 
him94>lf was taken sitting on a stone. In 
( hristiftn iirt St. I'HComius is represented 
&ii biin^ curried across the Nile on the 
back of a crocodile. — Hia life, by * monk 
of Tftbenna, his disciple. 

In ISM tbc Xa4hi. or FaJia l>roriMt of ibe SooiImi. who 
■adsmrtMi UMtrQO|w«f lb* K b i il i*. w«aaii<il» b«>* 
bSMi aviM aciMt lb* Mfl* w a <nco4il«'« bMk. 

fiC PoMWittt ridiv OiuNmmfii o/ a 

monstrous drtujvn (epoque unknown). A 
dragon of portentous si^e aud pnxli- 
giftosly fierce appeared in Cenomanin, untl 
spreaff such terror in the nei<;hb(«urhiM.d, 
that the inhal(iLa.ut.4 tied, uud ^uui^ht 
safety in distant lands. This monster 
spared neither man nor beast, and its 
very bieaili was peatUentfal. llie tenor 
increased more and morr r . < ry day, and 
none, not even the bravest of the brave, 
durst encounter it, or even show himself 
abroad. St. Pavncius re.-olved to rid the 
coontiy of this phigue ; so, g<>in^ to the 
dtagoo's lair, he terrified the beast by 
tiie sign of the cross, and cntjuigl^ it in 
the folds of his garment ; then he called 
together those who had followed him, 
but bad hitherto remained far off, from 
fear. When they came up the look of 
the dra^ion curdled tlieir lilood ; hut tlie 
saint bade Uteiu take courn^'e. and come 
forward to witness what wouM follow. 
He then knelt in prayer, the earth opened, 
and the dragon, falling into the chasm, 
never npain timcji' its a|)|>eamnce in C«no- 
maoia. — L'abb^ Blin, \ tes dcs &tints du 

Thi ixpostte Philip kills the dra^jon of 
lIt<;>ajKjLis. In UierapoUs, a city of 
PbrA-gia, was a templa te which was a 
terrible dragon. It was a natural living 
creature into which the devil bad entered, 
as he entered into the wr|>ent in (>jira<lise. 
llie people used to adore this reptile, and 
offer sacriffoe to it aa to a god. It was, 
however, the death of many innoeent 
people, for when malefactors failed, 
ittDoccnt paople wete givea It by lots fte 



' food. St. Philip, moved to indignation 
at this cruel idolatrj', went u[) to the 
venomous beast, prayed to (iod, and the 
creature dropped down de^d. A grent 
crowd witnessed the miracle, an] 
rejoiced that the citv was freed from the 
dreaded monster.— Simeon Metaphrastts, 
Lircsj etc. 

St. Jtotnanus destroys a horr&ie dratfon 
(A.n. 689). What renders the name of 
9t. Romanus c^jH^cinlly memorable in all 
France, is his victory at Rouen over a 
horrilile draf^'on, of a shape and size 
hitherto unknown. It was a man-eater, 
and also devoured rondi cittl*. earning 

sad dcs(^!;i'i< n. Ronianus NSOlvad tO 
attack tltis monster in bis lair; but as no 
one would assist him in such a dangerous 
enterprise, he took with him, as ■«!'«ist- 
ants, a murderer condemned to death, 
and a thief. The thit f, I i ing panic- 
struck, ran away : but the murderer 
proved trae steel. Ronumvs went to th« 
dragon's den, and, mnkin^; the sit,'n of the 
cross, walked in, and threw a net over 
tlie beast's neck. The murderer, then 
faking the net in his two hands, drag^^ed 
the monster tli rough the towu into the 
market-place, where was a huge bonfire. 
Into this bonfire he led. the beast, thert 
was it burnt to death, and then thfiwa 
into the Seine. All the people thanked 
the aaint for delivering them from this 
pest, the murderer was set at liberty, and 
Homanu«i appointed a dav of publis 
thanksgiviogs.— /'ro/)r« d^ kouen. 

St. Sttmpsim of Wales destroifs a dragon 
of Brittany (a.d. 48()-6d&). St. Sampson 
delivered a village in Brittany of a very 
venomous dragon which had tjiken up its 
abode in a great cave. Near the spot he 
afterwards built a monastery, which be 
riilh't! I'i Ip. His biographer tells us he 
had seec a cross sculptured on a very 
hard stone |iy the saint. In Christian 
art, St. Sampson of Wales is represented 
chasing a dragon.-~>Lobineau, Livn of 

thi Sit,nts of lirlttany. 

St. Sinum and St. J»dc make serpents 
ohci/ their word. When the apostles Simon • 
and .In.le were at liabylon, the roya! 
enchanters, Zaroes and Arpbazar, who 
had been driven by St. MiitllMw out t>f 
of India, caused serpents to ftPPCfr while 
they stood before the king. Their inten- 
tion WHS to terrify tlie a|ii>sth's, but the 
men of Uod commanded tlie serpents to 
fall on the enchanters. This thev did, 
putting thf-m to preaf torment. Zarocs 
and Arpbazar, being thus shamed in the 
ii|^t of tha kin^ fled from Bahyle^ 



Digitized by Google 



Ft. I.] 

M Umt bad done from India.— 'Edward 
KinenBMi (1623), Van 0/ Ito Btmti, 
p. 862. 

A boa-oonstrictor gtdmtissipe to St. 
Thfda Haimant. The Abyssinians 
believe in ?aintfl and mirarle^. Their 
calendar, in fact, is crainaied full of 
•aiata; and the days of the year by no 
SMaMMlBoelolionoiirthMnMl. Among 
iMr tainti an Balaam and his asa, 
Pnntiu? Pilate and his wife, and many 

Iocal celebrities who have from time to 
ima astounded the Abyssinians with 
ttwiy miracles, particularly Thecla Ilai- 
■aaftf who converted tlie devil, and 
indiioad bim to become a monk. The 
4ev9 «oiiliBned a monk for f 01^ dajra. but 
vbai then became of bim wa an not told. 
Tht cla, wishing to ascend a steep moun- 
tain with almost perpendicular sides, like 
Ibe Onimb, piajed for help, when a boa- 
constrictor took him on its back, and »et 
fcim down safelv on the summit. — Dufton, 
Journey through Ahifssinia. 

St. Theodorus of Heraciea $lay$ a dragon 
(a.d. 819). St. Theodoras, general of 
the forces of Licinius, oucountorcd a 
fiuiona dragon in Tiurace. This dragon 
]iv«d In a care, and need to imie forth 
every morning and devour any one it 
could find. Theodorus resolvfii to en- 
counter the beast, trusting to the name 
of Jesus Christ and the power of the cross. 
Accordingly, he went boldly to the cave, 
and conjunng the monster in the name 
of (jiod* bade it come out from its lair. 
When flie beast came forth, St. Theodorus 
picrrod it with his sword, and laid it 
dead at his horse's feet. Many Thracians 
by this act were converted to the faith 
of Christ crucified, la Christian art, St. 
Theodorus of Heraciea is represented on 
horseback with a dra:ion at his feet, like 
St. George.— Au^rd, Life of St. Thco- 
iionu 0/ HeradeA, (SMalso8arias,vol. i.) 

A dm ion thrt-iifn\s to devour a recal- 
citrant nvjnk (fifth century). A monk of 
llonnt Cassino demanded of St. Benedict 
pennission to leave the society, that he 
might return and live in the world. The 
abbot refused fnr a Icti}^ time this sinful 
demand, but as the monk peaisted, and 
was determined to have bis own way, he 
lived so scandalously in the monastfry 
he was of necessity turned out. Scarcely 
hid ha n anad ttM abbey gates when he 
•aw a nnge dragon witb open mouth 
waiting to devour him. The monk in 
terror shrieked for help. Th«^ hmthers, 
running out, declared *Jiey saw nothing ; 
btti tliB Boal^ tnmbliivg and sbricking, 



W 

requested them to take bim badu Tbqr 
took bim into the monastery, sootiied 

him, and he ever nftor remained a con- 
sistent brother, most grateful to the abbot 
who had opened his eves to see the 
dragon.— St. Grsgoiy tad GMat» Dta- 

lofjties, bk. ii. 

No doabl manr Ula ahrmt Arngmu u* •llacftrieal. ftnd 
pmb«hlx "ftir"*« "f ">r'«»'e''" far to radiKc tb« 

number ot "tnlr»'"lo«' A>ir:(>-'l t. th>- winU. Mnnjr a 
wonder beyan In nn «U<«»i7 and ended In belnf reclivad 
Hiftraflr. Thin Mgr. Go*rin, by no mewia cbnf of Iks 
mtraeuloiM idib et aOntB, my ot BL Rloe. " 11 «l em«A 
•Tiilr ta4 un Snfon, imace dee •flbrti qu'a dO Mrs U 
chrlstlMihai poor d^hloyer le lol d« U Bretacne <1e tiMilee 
luipcnlillnn* rlrakl^^uen" {fin dti »Un/«, V'll. Ii, p 
■i'*!', .Mid in f\u. liff (if Hi. An.v.t.w (roL T. p. S5i tie mas 
Unguaxr w!ilch. Ukrri liUrrmlljr, wiMild make Uie mint a 
drafiMveUjrer : " Aniutjuo. arittit vu le mooitre de remrur 
l*««rM UtafttneMe,w liitadetol porteriio oeup monai ; 
il St tatre low Ih iMeineiiU S* n^tn." ML Itat k 
meant by iMi madlloi|iMnM kflnt AaaaMhasWONd 
iSeetnanjr tti lunv ot Oifgn. 

Dreams, Wmtaiiig and Fro- 

phatic 

Okx. zli. 17-«l (PAarsA WSWsd tffsmimy. 
Fhaiaoh drssmed tbss be vsa sisiidiag oa las 
banks of Che NIK sad soddsaiy thsrs appearcd 

befbm kim ssiran Une, wbieb seemed to come 
out of the river. Tbej w»rs fkt llesb««l and 

woll favoiinvl, and went to fped In a meadow. 
Aflcrwarda camp forth s^ven loan kine, a« ill 
favoorvd aa )iofwibl<' , ai. I tlir-f h i\n bcasta, 
fallinR foul of the fat om-f". .Icvinir-Ml them, yet 
remained aM lean aa they ivcrc tw fiir*'. That 
w&.^ the drram. Jofieph, b* in^ !t«k<"d the mean- 
ing of il. tol l the klnf( it an Intimation 
from God tlmt there would l)c In Egypt nevcn 
yeara of plenty, followed by seven ycirs of 
fMDinew He told Pharaoh, therefore. to'bu»band 
the eom of the seven ye^^rs of plenty, to tide 
over those of smrdty. Fharsob took the hint* 
and appolBted Joseili lo cany oat ibe niggaa 
tion. 

Oev. xI. 1-19 (Pharank'i butUr and baktr). 
Pharaoh's chief butler and fiakcr having offfiid'^ 
the kInK w< rc committed to prionn, and had 
each of them a dream, which thf-y t^ild to 
Joseph their fellow-prWmer. The cliief butler 
dreamt he saw a vine «ith three branchf^ full 
of fruit of a uo«t luxuriant kind. Pbickini; off 
some of the rich clusters, be ^<)uee^^ thfm into 
the royal tankani, and handed it to the king. 
Such was the drvam, which Josoph interpreted 
thus : — The three brancbea ar? three days, and 
as the king took the cup, H signifies thut wRUa 
three dSiTS be wlU wsstot e the myal butler to 
his elllee saaln. The dilef bak»r now told 
what be had dreamt He thoufcht be was 
carrying om bis head three baskets full of eaten 
for tho k'njfV taMo ; but tho birds pouncing 
on theni di-vounxl the coTit'»nts of tiie upp^'r- 
mo<Jt baRki't. ,In-n|ih "^.'liil this was nn lll- 
oniP!iPd drf'Ara.aml tliat It foreb«><i''d thr baker's 
d^-.ith. '• \Vitlilti tlirf - diys."Mi<l .ro?«>ph, '• the 
king will hang you on a tree, and Ii-ave your 
dead Ixjdy to the birds of prey." ttoth the** 
Interpretations proved true ; the butler was 
restot»><l v> bis oflBce within the stavd Uroe^ 
sad the bakrr was banged, as Joseph bad said. 
Dam. fi. SI-4» (maekodnessar's drwaiV 



DRAGONS- DREAMS. 



Digitized by Gopgle 



118 



DREAMS: IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY. 



[Pt. L 



MctedudncnM; tDtlMMCODdy«Mr of hi* rdipi, 
teaort thM ha imw a pvaft Inugt, brtllUnt to 
look at, bat of terrible aapect. Tbf b«ad 
of gold, the legR of iron, tbe feet of cUy. the 
arii.8 and l>reafli of siUtT. and th)- ro.ot of hiaNii. 
A Btone, cut m ittiout han<l» from a quarry, fell 
on tbe IniAge, ami broke It to pifr«"«, and I he 
frmgiDPtit^ were blown uway by a i»trung «ind, 
80 tiiat no part of the ItiiaKO n luaiiied. The 
■tone, uii the other liand. grew and grew, till 
kllriit beceoie a mountain, and then hlted the 
wliole earth. Such was the drfam, which 
Daniel pronounced to be an bintorical allegory. 
"Tbo Imaftb" ha aaid. '*icpre«enta dilli-f«Dt 
kiiiSdoaia. ChaliWa ii tlw golden baadt Iba 
iilvar anaa and lntHla Hiuiwuiit tha onba 
of tha Madci and Pteobnit the hnut pmITiT 
IhataMfaiapmentflthe kingdom of Macedonia; 
tba troo lege tbe Roman empire ; and tbe feet, 
%lth toil toe*, all ■)f tiny, an.' llif tfii parts into 
which 111.' l;ouian tuipire. at its f.ill. will be 
■ub«ilviile<l : vii. (1) tin- UniiganaiiN (2) tlio 
Oj»trogr>tha, (3) tlie Vi<iKnths, ;4) the .Sweves 
and Alalnim.'.i th.- N jm l .l- in Africa, (6) the 
Frauka, (7) tbe Uurgundiana, (a) the Heruli, 
(9) the Aiwliab In iLnglaod, and (10) tbe Lom- 
Darda." Shiw fbr tbe atone wbicb broke in 
plecaa tba taage. It was cot without bai>da 
«vt of a nasnlalB. Tha praphai talla oa thla 
atone allegortaed tba ~ltlii|doa of ChrM." ft 
waa no part of tbe Imaga «f aailh^ — aiMwhl». 
but wholly independent. No hand of man cot 
It out, but it came of itAfif from tlie moant 
of Godt and grew and grew in power and 
lUl it flUad tha whola aaith. 



iMMMfml ytmn bafef* lha birth of 

Christ. Philip I. WM kins M-irrdmibi at the lime, ind 
th« cmplr* bMad (oar huiiilrrU amt ftfl) y«an aflemnlj. 
ttooic WM aliiKMt unknown ; it mu ju«t (trumlInK into 
notkcv uiid«T Its owl; klngk. As for tlw ten kiiupdoma of 

■MmUom TiiliM waa port-hlitorir, wniien tn tha days 
of AntlnehM Kplpiianm: "C-ontn prupbet&m IkuiMeia 
diioderiinuiu Ulmim K'rl|>*i( Pi>r|>h)riii« ; noleni cum ab 
t|ao aijui Imciiptiu r-tt Dnriiiin- •-^<<■ runipcvilum ; H(1 a 

5uodMm, qui l«inpgrit>u« AiiUoctil qui appellatua m< 
:t4,.kmmt*, fMTtt la Jiidaa." Aattortw diod k,c. 164, 
•Ml of oDorM, by tliatttiMniailorike"|)fo|>b«er' waa 
trfitirrj- A«rorth« "rtOMCut outof tbamountalntwltb- 
aiit haiHtv" It mnit ba bortie In mind that tba klncdoaa 
•r thr M<-aiUh wa« a general iMltef among Iba Jawi, a»d 
a Mil I il.tr tMrilof has exUta*! In nianx itatloai^aeOOTMMV, 
luigUnd, tkauidlnarim. Franco, etc, otc 

Oetc. XX. (Abimfleck'i dream). When 
Abraiiam went to Kgypt, lie t.-M bi.i wife to 
»»y abe waa bis ^i!«ter, otberwiM; ho might be 
alaln in order that come Kgyptian might lu irry 
ber. Ablmelech, king of derar, hearing that 
ahe waa tlie ni'ster of Abraham, sent for her, 
Intetiding to make her hiii wife ; but waa 
wanirti In a dream not to do to. as the lady, 
tbuDgh ball'Sfater. waaaliotbe wife of Abraham. 
AMmelech now aent for Abrabam* and re- 
ptoved tiim for hla aqolTeeatloa t hot gava hlaa 
a roy^i prefwnt of abeep and oxen, mcMamMita 
and maid'^ervanta, together with a tbooaaod 
{4 c-s of xilvor. and uid to him. My land la 
Ik tore tli»'<' : ilw rli wIk ti it ]deaM-tb thee. 

• on. x.\.\vti. 5-10 {Joffph't dream). Joeepb 
dn ami that lie and ids brothers were in a field 
binding abeavea, aa4 ibat olaown abaaf aroaa , 



aadatoednprtgbtt wbUa hla brothenT ahaftvirc 
wbiob were roood ahuot, bowed to Ma nheaf. 



and made obeiaanoe. Wbeii Joacph told bis 
brotbera of bta dream, tbey were Teiy hidlgnant, 

and cried in soom. What! aie y^u t,, f irn 
over u« ? are yoa,tbe younger , to have dominion 
over us, who arc your elders? And tlxy 
hated him for his dream. Not long after h« 
bad another dream, which he told hm broiher*, 
saying. 1 dn-aint that tbe sun. moon, and 
stars made obeisance to me. Tue brutbera 
now reported what Joseph had Udd then to 
their father; and Jacob rebuked the lad, mf» 
Ing, Shall I and your UMiber, with all yooff 
brothers, bow dowB to you aa oar rapenorf 
Bttt tha ttoa OiM whan they did ao. fbr 
Joarph roaato ba Tkaragrof Egypt, and Jacob, 
with all hla booae, removed to ICtcypt, and 
gladly eubmttted to the mle of PbArauh'a 
favourite. 

Matt. U. 13-M (the dream$ of Jo$ejifL, 
kuihaiX'i of the Virgin Mary\ Jww>ph had 
throe ^rramH : one bidiing him to floe from 
JuJa a ulth bis wife and child, because Hi rod 
ti.e king waa seeking to talu tlie life of tba 
young child ; one when ha was In Kgypt, 
telling blm that Herod waa dead, and tbens 
fore be might return to bfaoam ooontiyt and 
tha thlid, which bada hlat sol ta taha m hto 
aboda la jQdM, bat In Oaltlea. 

Th<*r* »r« iirrrnil other w»rrilni£ nr pmphtitlc dr«MH la 
th* lUbia ; but Uteae vUi auOce (of like cnaeiit purpoM. 

Dreanu, among the Greeks, supposed to 
be setit by the gods. There wt-re three 
worda for dreams •moiif the nocienfc 
Greekt: GhifnatiMnoa, HoitmAf vad 
Onlros. In the first of these the Rods 
theaiselves, or some departed spirit, or 
some living being, came and conrersed 
with men in their sleep. In the second, 
tlie 8lce^>er saw the event about to occur 
performed before his elccfiing eyes. In 
the third he saw « type, figure, or Allcgonr 
of what waa abovt to eome to paaa. 

Agamemnon (Iliad, ii.) dreamed that 
Nestor came to him and bade him give 
fha Trojans battle, on the assurance of 
success. Pindar drojimed that Proser- 
pine appeared to him, and complained 
that, though he had written hymns to the 
other deittca, he had written none in bai 
bonour (AnMimaM). Thcae are exnroplca 
of the Chrf'matismos (a business matter, 
from Chrema, a matter of busings). Of 
this nature were the dreams of Joec|di 
mentioned by St. Matthew (ii. 13 22), m 
which angels appeared to him, and told 
him directly wont ha waa to do or ta 
avoid doing. 

Of tte aeeond aort, Hortma (a ritton, 
from hrirdo, to sec), was the drc.im of 
Alexander the Great ( V oyeriua Maxunus^ 
i. 7), when be dreamed that he waa 
murdered by Casf-inder. So was that of 
Croesus, king of Lydia, when he dreaiued 



Digitized by Gopgle 



It I] DREAMS: BRUNO. CONSTAKTINE, SENNADIUS. 119 



that bis son Atys wonld be slaia by a 
■pear (Herodotus, i. S4) ; luid that of 

Penelope conceroiD^ her son Teleiimrbo*, 
when searching for his father iOdijs.. 
iv. 838). 

^ iDie third sort was the Onlros, or drenm- 
Hddle (from Onfrrw, the (fod of dreams). 
T^e-.*' Wi re tvfiiiftl dreams, alletrorics, 
and figures. Such was Hecuba's dream, 
that the child alxNit to tw bora waa afire- 
brand. Of this nntiire v rre Phnranli's 
dreams about the fat and lean kioe ; 
Joseph's dream about dit bowiofr wheat- 
shcares, and the sun, moon, and stars ; 
the dreams of Pbaraoh'8 butler and 
bfikr r, which Joseph interpreted J the 
dreams of Nebuchadnezzar, etc. 

The god of dreams, in Greek mytholo^' , 
had three attendrxnt=;, named Mnrpliowi, 
Pbobetor, I'liantanns. The first couuter- 
fdted human forms ; the second, the 
likeness of brutes; and the kMt| the 
forms of inanimate objeots. 

There were, among the Greeks, pro- 
fessional int«pieters of dreams and a 
large dresm-iitefatttre. Geminas Pjrius 
wrote three books on the subjrrt : Artem n 
the Milesian, twenty -two books. Tiiere 
irere also the dream-books of Aching 
son of Scyrimos, Alexander the Myndinn, 
Anlipho of Athens, Artemidoros, As- 
trnm psychos, DemetriQS the Phalerean, 
Hicephoros* liieoetiatos tlie Ephesian, 
Pnyaaittrf Halicarnasiion, Philo Jndnus, 
Phoebos of Antiorh, and many more. 

Bruno (Leo /A'.), 6v a dream, is shown 
ikt Ui eoHdOion of tks CKvreA, tmd its 
rrform (A.n. 1 00?- 1054). One day 
Bruno, bishop of Toul, saw in his dream 
a deformed old woman, who haunted him 
with gnat peniatency, and treated him 
with great famiKarity. She was hideously 
Uk'ly. clothed in filthy rags, her hair 
dishevelled, and altogether one could 
•carcely recogniae in her the hmnaa torn. 
IMsgustei \v\th tier p^eral appearance, 
the bishop tned to avoid ber; but the 
nore be shrunk from her, the more she 
dang to him. Annoyed by this impor- 
tunity, Bruno made the Ri^jn of the cross ; 
whereupon >l;r f* 11 to the earth a-, ihmd, 
and rose up again lovely as an angel. 
While pondering on the meaaing of tiili 
vision, the abbot Odilo, lately dead, came 
before him, and said, " Happy man, you 
have delivered her soul tnm death." 
Wibett, the biographer of our saint, and 
hts contemporary, informs us that the 
old woman reprt ■'. n'od tlie Church, M-hich ] 
at the time was in a most deplorable i 
•li^ hHt Bruno in. his pontiikMe was I 



employed by God to restore it to its 
original beauty. — Wibert, Li/c u/ St. Lea 
Ja., bk. i. chap. 1. 
Ttib W.U th« UM«ria««ebla5 elMa lamwwsthns 

ronnimnt papti I ItMiM IS., tflMttm aa4 

Bruno (Leo IX.), bishop of Tout, has 
a dream trhich si/infxjiized to A'/n his eleva~ 
tion to the popedom (a.o. 1002-1054). 
One night Bfuno, bishop of Tonl, dreamt 
he was transported to the cathedral of 
Worms, where were assembled a host of 
persons clothed in white raimentt. Bruno 
asked one of them who they were, and 
was told, "These are the saints who 
lived and died in the 9er\'icc of St. I'eter." 
Scarcely had the words been uttered, 
when the apostle Peter, and Stephen the 
first martyr, led him to the nlrnr. while 
the heavenly visitants sang "ao ineffable 
melody.*' Bruno was ordered to admia* 
ister the communion to all the a^tsembly. 
This beioff done, St, Peter presented hina 
with five jjdld chalices, ** trois k un autre 
qui le suivait. et un seal h an troiai^me." 
He now awoke, and found be had been 
r-liM-Toil p(i[,f in the cathedral of Wonns, 
— l-abl)e Guillaume, Histoire de C£!<flise 
de Toul. 

Conatantine assured in a dream of the 
innocence of three men coniemncd. Three 
officers, named Nepotian, Ursus, and 
Herpilioo, being falaely aocnsed to Con* 
•tanane, were eondemned to deaili. At 
night, Sf. Nicholas appeared to the 
emperor and his jud^e Ablavius, and 
said to them, "Tho^e Uuee men are 
innocent; and, nnli (hey are rtdensed 
in the morning, war fimll desolnte the 
land, and thuu and all thine ahnll jierisb 
by the swocd. I, Nicholas of Mrm, 
forewarn yon." So aaying, he vanished. 
When the emperor and judge met next 
morning, they conferred together of th« 
vision, and eanaed tiie three officers to be 
brought before them. "Tell me," "lid 
the emperor, '* have any of jron three an v 
Kkill in necromaiiej?*'^ Tlnr auwcMd, 
"No." The emperor then rehearsed to 
them the vision ; and the three officers, 
kneelin^; down, kiH!«ed the pmund, and 
yielded hearty thanks to God for their 
deliverance. The emperor then sent tiiem 
to St. Nichohis with a present, consisting 
of the four Gos|k-1<« in letters of gold, ana 
a gold thnriUe ; and choigod tSrai with 
this message, "The emperor begs St. 
Nicholas not to threaten him, but to pray 
for him." — MetJiphrastes, Lives, etc. 

Sennadius's dream to prove that man has 
fm nolnrioi Tho dteom of SennodiM 



Digitized by Coegle 



ItO 



MtSAlfg: THUS SATIONALB. 



WW lo pntt di«t man c<m«!»ts of • 

materinl body and a Bomcthin;: iiidrpcn- 
dent thereof, generally called a soul. 
The dream ia told by St. Augustine to 
bU friend EradiuR, and in as follows : — 
8«nnadiu9 was a physician, who dis- 
believed the duality of nian'» naturo, and 
copscaueatly a future life ; but one nigbt, 
in • aream, an anfi^l appeared to him, 
and bade him follow. The an^jcl took 
him to the confinea of a city, wlu-r<- he 
was ravished with edflltial oiusir. whu h, 
the angel t4.>Id him, proceeded from the 
Voices of spirits made perfect, Sen- 
nadiustlioupnt no more about the dream ; 
but Mme time afterwards the angel a|>- 
pear«d to him again, iceallad to hii* 
nil mor>- the former visit, and then apked 
hint if the vision had occurred while he 
was awake or during sleep. Sennadius 
replied, " Durin;: sli t'i)." " Just so," said 
tlie un^'el ; " what you saw and htard 
was not by your bodily senses then, for 
your eyes and ears were etosed in sleep." 
^•Tnie,** said tiie physician. "Then," 
continupil tin- nn^'d, "with what eyes 
did you see, and with what ears did you 
htttr ? ** Sennadius could not answer this 
question ; and the angel said, " It must 
be evident, if you sec when your bodily 
nyM sre shut, and hear when your bodily 
cars are closed in sleep* that you must 
hare other eyes and ears besides those 
(if VMur iiiateriiil Itody. When, thfrrfnre, 
your body sleeps, that other something 
may be awake; and when your body 
dies, that other something may live on. 
Yes, Sennadius, there is indeed a »ome- 
Uting in man which sleep cannot lull into 
oblivion, and death can nerer Umch. 
lliink of these things." — 8t« Augustine, 

Thi* Brsitin«at to In • n i — i w Ibh, tat woaM 

•rartclx Umch the dHBcultjr which (nndrm SniMUlhRM 
lliri. Thr rrr dom not wr*-. nor dnea Um* car hear. Ihrj 
fHW Oif men utletrrnpim >>[ i)m hnUn, wliich cooTr)' 
tW«i«MH t)i«T«to : hut lilt bnUn can both m« kiHl bear 
WitftoMi Ihli madilncty ; aod atthaash the trfm and ear* 
■fton tnflonn lb* brain, ttw bmhi not tmhwitentlr In- 
iwna tbc •rr* and aara. Thiu Miw-lwth mm a ilao^. tba 
Watloii or hb brain, and ve r.(xru hnr toundi wtileti 
ftmrcMt IWwn vithtn »t»i not rnmi without TtiU do« 
not |>ni«« the ntttciirr uf n M-< >iii<l trll. IndrtK-iiilrnI of 
tlie UiAj, but on\j thnt the bfain ran act aiUioiit lU 
•ntinarjr aprrarit*. ealM tti* (mmm. To a Kvptic. tb« 
talc vuwld he an arguiaent to pfwra Um M(7 cotiUaiy of 
ihtSiMlHr of mail. 

AM mtt imi 4 tr. rxfibttn pr«ph^tie d r mtrn t . TTint 
SSH tsa of |>«rl<(tt, raltrd "Unir.~ U a fiart nf ni"rtJ>l>rr. 
WnhOckJ thrrr tt uo |>a*t or future, but ftJI kr^ w:j nil 
b vWbl) pr»"wnt. Tlif hUtnry of man may be rnm(>«rrd 
to a ilrania. or mt {auior^itna. The ipectator aars each 
arcnr and act irraduaUx aud (ueeraiirely drvelopcd. but 
^00 knowa Um wbols 4iwM. ercu Iwfore It 1$ fwt on tb« 
«M0i, «r lha ItImIS ^HMIMm b>»fuw it i« onrulM. Tb 
tb» t|ier1ator. who pl*cr hy lArrt, «h«t hf has trm 
Of beard U paat what ht n'lw *pm and bean l> |irt-*nt. 
«1)at Im to abnrt to im and tumt to fUtarr : but to on* 

ilsaoa* 



Haiaiiloo i all b known, a'l It |>n-wiit t -> the mind, and b* 
can tell rtacllj- wtwt art.'r» to c»ni^ on, an*! what 
•ncli U In H«j (-r (111 III »lirn lb* l«"l) l« tlxrnuuit. 

•l4ihla and xiuiMii uflen t>rt*eiit titeuueltm dltUnctl; ; DuC 
dclita of ibinfi ptiw t fti ih« body, mm wfc vtMcli ths 
bollly aan owU hmt, but ahcbto MiiMiMli »ani>pHbls 
to tba ' itiirlt man;" and if the "ef>lrlt ntan" r^iild 
wbollj' ifaake ufT the l>oil>. I( would muf m<v« of the drama 
of lllc, or iHiMnnima of hUtory, aliout to l>e ifnfubW. 
Tbii *ifht Into the unfolded li what we call " t>ro|>lirtic.' 
becauae It to a clUnpaa into tbo dnuna or iianonuna Iw) ouS 
UMt|Wt«Mti StoMMWS ate loohlnKat OHM SI 
tha apftfOMh tt SMIh Uik ipirltual iM-nwodoB to TMf 
keen, and vMona or aoundi arc |>rca«nt. vfaaUr unrevealed 
to r>thrr«. In toct. Ui» " eptrit man * to lenklnf Into th* 
errrlmiiig Nuw. ami l« no longer drrum«CTll'*>il to that 
(inli r ..f Hid wi III « til. h l>«-l.inK'-« I" liiii- He 14 ate|>t.iH« 
Into that at»Vr of being «b«re " tinte aliaJI l>c no ntur*. 
flUivlMraC tiM mum wis liwwbovH to poaabtoiar 
Ooi to iN th* Itabira; Ma4. In fcct, »bat nmn emSs 
"Aitnra" to no t^iture wHh God. to wtion tbc whoto 
diania of Ufa to known, tba wtioio paiMtMnn of hiatory 
U unbilled. It will alio nptaiii how nten who har« 
rmp(l<-(l tlHtiTiaeliraa of earth by aelf-<teiila] and hollnc'w, 
nia). lu It wcni, ataad on tipua mmI look onr tbc wall of 
pment tlma, lo w to ootcto a flaaco of Ik* powiii— r«t 
unrulled, or tba draao aol tot Mt «■ th* itafa of ncMil 
Ufa- 

Dry Bones restored to Life. 

£aKK. uuTiL I-IO. Esektel was taken bv 
lha SfUM iDto a voUey full «f dry bonsi^ aid 
wsa conunsDded to profiheqr npoo them, and 
Ud Ukent live ; ~ and aa I pMrtNBied, there was a 
noiaat and behoMi a Sbakinfi and fhs bonsf 
cane ii'geibrr, bone to bona. And I bebeM 
tbe atnews and the flsSh CMBa npon them, sod 
the nkin covered them. Bat as yet there was 
rio bn-iith." 'I li' II till' iiroplH t waf c<.)ninian<le4 
to hill (lie four « hid" to bttattit' ujKiti llio>o lile- 
U'.H Im^Hi-s; and. wh*"!! he did no, they liv<-d, 
and atood upon tlielr feet, an cxoecdtng great 



T^*" bod;/ of Ft, Stantslitu<i, bishop of 
Cracoir, cut picxaiu-iii, is restored. Kinf 
Bolislaus sent officers to St. Michael^ 
church to dm;; Stanif^lniis from thf altar. 
The eini.>'--Hries would have done their 
biddin^t but a celestial light, shining on 
the bishop who was celebrating maas, so 
fri^hteneo them, that they drew back, 
mill fi'II to tliL- trroiiniL Other oflicors 
were then sent, but they also were un- 
aUo to lay hands on him* A tiiird com- 
pany met with no l>etter buccohs. TbcO 
the kin^ him.self rose up in a fury, and( 
rushing into the church, clave in two UM 
bead of the bishop, makimc his brains fly 
out a^inst the wall, 'nis done, the 
iifTirrrs around the king hacked and 
hewed the body into gobbets, and flung 
them to the ewrion-urds. Fonr angles 
came, and watrhod over them till sunset, 
when bone came to bone, sinew to sinew, 
and limb to limb, till the whole body 
was pieced together, as if it had never 
been divided ; indeed, says our author, 
"not so much as a scar or seam could 
be detected." Some Christians who had 
oome to eotleet tfa« fragments, saw fhii 
nsarvsUons restontaon, and, taking tiis 



Digitized by Gopgle 



9 



Fr.T.3 



DRY BONES. CHILD, COOKBD BIRDS. 



in 



liody to St. Michael's church, buried it. 
Ten years afterward it wos removed to 
Ciacow, Aod interred ia the eMtle chnrch 
with gimi tolMiiuty (a.». 1079).— 
Ribadeneira (dM Mil), HSpvir tf th» 
JjitCM of Saints. 

A chUd cut up and fried or roasted re- 
tturrd by St. Vincmt )-\'m>r (a.d. \'.Vu~ 
1419). One of the iiio;<t ft!«t<iiindinp 
miracles on record is that of St. Vincent 
Ferricr, wbo ratored a child which its 
mother, in • (It of nuidiiefls, had eat up 
Into Fiiinll pieces and runsted or fried. 
Tho father of the child lodged St. YiDcent 
it hU miMinnary visit; and one day, 
after nttendin^ the paint's scmmn, ro- 
tunicd liome and ttaw this horrible 8it;ht. 
He was almost .be«ide himself, but St. 
Vincent oomfoilad him, by the awamnea 
Oiat God bad foffered fhfa fri^tTnl 
trapedy for Hi-t own j;Iorifirntion. Tlu n, 
placing the pieces together, they united, 
and by the sign of the cross the body 
thus re«forefl rerorer<><l life, and lie 
handed the living child to its father. 
Father Ransaao, who relates thia as a fact, 
adds, " so singnlar a prodigy ia Mareely 
paralleled in c iiareh history.'* The aoene 
of thu " miracle " ia laid In Gaseonj. 

BwiCMM llJ/» S». Ftrrirr, Aeta SanHorum, 
April b. vol. l.» (tvas thia mATTcltoui talc m tiie elxht 
hundml Ktui «ltll<-!ti mlrafUi lirtxiglit f<iriritnl at th« 
miKPiil/jiti'iii iif ih<- "-iiiit It WrrconlM. " iIahv la ijimtri- 
!imiuit)rnn« •!« L«u<iva d« I'tiHicc l^U Vincent ('cnirr lUits 
la Utiifito OoaMniML* Mgr. OaMa (IMS*. AMnhw. 
Wa or top* XIII.. nvmtM It m u nadaakiad bet 
la ka f<« rft* Sainti. rnl. Iv p. 79t Th* ra la not an 
InaMaM In Cliurrh hitifry hrltrr sitr Ird. luid lUmnttant 
rr^iecltlon ktiii«'> it t<i li^ive twrn n f.i\(<iirlEr "niimrlc" 

The cooked pullets of the atcayde of La 
Calmdet re^ortd to life. Some pilgrims, 
on their road to Conipostclla, stopped nt 
a hospice in 1^ (.'alznda. The dnughtor 
^ tbeinnkeeper solicited a young French- 
man to pass the night wi^ her, bat he 
refused ; so she put in his wallet a rihrer 
cup, and, when he was on the road, 
accused him to tlie alcayde of theft. As 
Ibe property was fonnd in his poaseasion, 
the alrayd? ordered him to be hnng. His 
parents continued their uilgrimace, and, 
«fter eight daye, letamea to La Calznda, 
when, to their amazement, they found 
their son still alive. The mother went 
Instantly to inform the alcayde, but he 
replied, Woman, von are mad ! 1 would 
aa eoott belief« Uieee palleta whidi I 



am abAnt to eat are alive, ns that a 
■laan who has been gibbete<l for eight 
days is not dead." No sooner had he 
spoken, than the two pullets on the diah 
before him actuallv rose up alire. The 
■IcaydA was tcnibqr trii^toMd, md 



about to rush out of doors, when be waa 
met by the heads and feathers of the two 
palleta scampering in to complete the 
lesttseitation. The eoek and nen tfaiM 

restored to life were taken in grand pro- 
cession to bt. .liinies's church of Com- 
postclla, where they survived for seven 
years, in which time the hen hatched 
only two egps, a cock and a hen. These 
in turn lived also seven years, and did 
the same. This has continued uninter* 
mptedly to this day, and pilgrims to Com- 
po-tclla receive feathers from thoFc birds 
as holy relics ; but no matter hnw lunny 
feathers are thus disposed of, the full 
plumage of the birds is never defn icnt. 

ThtilcKend U wrtouilx Pflatc<l by hUh<^i> Tuir k. f.irah't 
tf t** l^yTim*. xwf AJ'^ -LU filal *)> Itl.v . t. ixat.. It 
fai bis Towr through Sf^in and Purtufa!, '^'t-M. It ia 
buartad lijrtbrBoJiMMWtiB ttavilaM aamctartim. 
p. 4S ; and poM CillitiM niMitlont It wikm^ the mlrada 
of 8Aiitlae<> Mrr. Ru/rin (1880) mtp^ "Catto ht>t.4n- '! a 
tt* rtt oiiu III! grantl nombra d aulaun. Ve* ig nite*- 
mtirv (ill mott-ii icr I'liftt m^iTtnt rriiriKlm!*. On 
frnpp* dw m^dnillf • ci>min<'momtlrr» dc !>> <" nr tit. fno 
da cca m«il»iUe* a tti reirouv««. da noa >Min, dana la 



SalM, Para "(roLv.Bb SMI. 




TI>aMl4aiBt4bthaT 

lantnam. rt In arrlmlnm tranifcrant niacn« aolemnltaM. 
Qtueltitclauwrr'iultiiimblfart Daipotentlani tartiflcantM 
obMfrantur, ul>i •ppunnlo vlrunt ; liunc riilm mtnltium 
IVimIIII* iiittitiiii ; et In fliHs M-iitetiiiU ai)t««)tiRm n)»rlan- 
tnr, puUum rvtlnquttnl et puliam aui oolorto at macaita- 
diiUi; St lios it lawclwfci »mMNi HSiwalfc Migiia 
quoqua adiBinttlMili mt. qnod emaca par laaae vntm 
tnui<«intr« prrrpiiil, qui Mint Iniiiimrntrilaa. galli hujM 
•I KJtllinie |>liitiiam oipiunt. el nunquaiii UlU plum* drft> 
duKL H»c ECU TE8rDlt,pniplarai VIDI at tntaiftiL'— 
Lot lui MArineoB Bkalak Mmfmm Mk 

tOTM. lUSBA. 

Mt,Bg|,||||| 

sfiiillll a cack an4 han.'whidh iiT 

and a " cnfda d« pcndu ** In tk* < ' 
allntion ii to Ihia iitrait ralr 
iwtw'a rhambrrUiii call< it.) 

St. Aldebrand makes a roast jpartridg9 
fly atra>( (twelfth century). 8t. Ald^ 
uraml, bishi'ji of Fossonibrene, nbstained 
from meat all his life. lU-mt; greatly 
reduced, and in failing health, a roast 
partridge was brought him for dianer. 
withont saying a word to those who 
bmnjxht it, the saint blessed the bird, 
and bade it fly away. So it flew from 
the dish throagh the window, and joined 
its companions in the open nir. — Arta 
Satu'torum (Hollandist.s), May 1, p. 162. 

Andrew of Segni restores to life some 
cooked birds (a.d. 1802). Andrew of 
Segni was extremely compassionate and 
kind-hearted. One day, l)t>inf; ill, some 
roast birds, killed in a chase j^o la chasse], 
were brought for him to eat. *' Poor 
birds," said Andrew, " liow I pitv you, 
who have been deprived of your life, in »• 
order to ^ve me pleasure I'* Then, mak- 
ing tiie sign of the cross over them, les 
oiseaax commeoo^renth s'agiter, ba t tti ea t 
die aikib ^ •'enrelteeat.'*— ArveWrv 



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m 



DRY BOXES RESTORED TO LIFE. 



[fr. I. 



firanciMXtin. (Tfu- sauie Uile lii tulil in 
the Palmier Se'i-'i/'hiifus.) 

St. Francis of J'au a rcttornt mme frttd 
fish to Ufe (A.i>. 14lft-1507). Wh«n St. 
Francis of Pjiiila |>ii^><f'<! tlinni'^h Naples 
oo his way to Tours, whither \\< wau goiug 
•t tiie invitation of Loais XI. and at the 
coiTitnnnd of pnpe SixtiH IV., he was 
enterlaineti in thu palace of lunlinand I. 
II iff highness a«ked the saint to breakfast 
at the royal table, but he refused, Mjing 
it would not be suitable. For dinner the 
kiiij^ stnl him snme fried fish, Imt the 
saint, after blcMing tbeoi, restored them 
tn life, Md tent them the 
who brought them; '*re qn'il fit |>our 
corriger sa di-tiancc, itachaiit bien qu'il 
ne lui Avait envoyd ce plat que pour 
IVprouver." — M(;r. ' Gu^rin (chamberlain 
of pope I>eo Xlll.)> Viesdea Saints, vol. iv. 
p. Ihb (1880). 

St, iikhoku of ToUentim served with 
a boffed eMeken which flew awtttf (1307). 
St. Niohf'laH of Tollentinn fell into a 
grievous iutirniity, which brim^ht biiti to 
the brink of Uie i^'nive, whereupon his 

Ebysioians tobi biin, if he would recover 
is health, he niu.>t cai meat. Nicholas 
replied, this would be saving his body at 
the peril of hi* soul. The prior, being 
appealed to, eommanded the tick men to 
obt-y the doetor, and sent him into his 
cell a boiled chicken. When the fowl 
WM set before him, "the blessed man" 

E rayed that God wo>iM help him out of 
is dilemma. If he ate the fowl, he 
broke his vow { if he refused to eat ii, he 
disobeyed the prior, and also broiie bin 
vo»r. He was soon relieved of his per- 

Clexity, for the bailed chicki-n ramc to 
fc, flew from the platter, and escaped 
ont of Che window. We are told that 
"all present ^vt^ro a!«tnnished, and the 
sick man was jocuntl and glad." — Antonv* 

iiirchbishop of Morence), Lif0 cf SL 
Nicholas of Toilenttno. 

IhU tab la repMtod bjr h*tf • doatn vrflen m a tmcL 

A f/oung child h<>iled xcithout injury 
(a.D. 117). The following must be given 
in the exact wnrds of the historian, or 
the English reader might fancy the trans- 
lutioo to be incorrect. When St. Julian 
was carried to his gnve, " ane femme qui 
lavait son enfant dans nne ehandiere 
|ilai<e !^iir Ic ft-u [I!], Toublie, ft court se 
joiodre k la foule qui accompagne le corps 
de St. Jntian. En son absence, hi flamrae 
^ranrlit, enveloppc la rbaiidihrp, I'eau 
b<tuillonne, et dcborde. La pens(<e de son 
ftif, qa*eUe • laisad ocpoetf • on tl gnuid 



pc'ril, traverse le ovur de la m^re. Kile 
accourt, et le troiivc sans effroi et .s as 
souff ranee [t!J. Kile jette alont des crts, 
et attire an grand nombre de personnes 

pour etre temoins de son bonlieur, de 
prodige." — D. Fiolio, JJtstoitede i'£jltse 
(/nJf&fdOToleO- 

riMlMlr MsO Mi If 11. Aalmrsr Mm 

A Mk' If f't in ' ' I'/ i / taifer ami not hurt 
(twelfth ceuturyj. A "pious" woman, 
Bearing that St. Antony of Padua was 
goinn to preach in her village, wai* almost 
beside hert>elf with jov, and, being 
pnned for time, **an lieu de coocher 
son enfant dans son petit berceau, elle le 
d^posa sans y i)renare garde dans tine 
chaiiilii're pleine d'eau bouillante" (!!). 
When the senuoo was over, some of the 
neighbours asked her where she had left 
her child, and instantly it flashed nrr(><;s 
her that something was nut right. She ran 
home, and found the cndle empty ; but 
what was her astonishment on finding !ihe 
had put the bal e in the boiler, the wat4>r 
of whicli vv;h boiling furiously! Still 
greater wan her surprise on finding the 
child laughiu'^at the hnbbling water, and 
hoMin;: out its arms to its mother. She 
fell uu her knees, thanked Gud, and 
auributcd the uiiracle to St. Antony. — 
L'nbb<$ Gaudry, Life of <6K. Anbmif of 
Piulna, 

In •Ktii" n-Jpei'U thl» tain U BTcn ninrc nuu-xrlloui than 
the |ir<c»iltuii »i>e. lu lb« pracedins taie. the inotlier 
WM waditiK lliectdM ■BdlMltMthr 6r«. IiitbilfM 
•be Ititwidr.! lu ^ tt liila lb*<ndle. but wmW • mim fca 
•ltd pit it Inlo ilM baltar. fin M« Is mrtmMif loU as a 
fut. «na to taiiaaad Itr risbt imiwtf amtortlr. 

A child resciuil hij St. Did-icns from a 

ht nt' d oven (a.u. i IB3). At Seville, a 

child, out of fear of its mother, ooneealed 

itself in an oven, and tlie w-'mMn, not 

knowing it, filled Uie oven \sah t:igt>ts, 

and set fire to them in order to heat it. 

The child was asleep, but the flunei 

woke it, and it screamed dreadfally. 

The woman, in her terror, ran t^> tell her 

neighbours ; but St. £>idncus passing by, 

no sooner beard the womaa*a tale, than 

he went into tlic flaming oven, and 

brought out liic oliibl aafe uud uninjured. 

The neighbours formed a procession, and 

carried the child in triumph to the church, 

where the canons in their surplices 

receivcil it. and took it to the lady's 

chapel, chaiittng and ofFeriug up thatias, 

^K. P. Gahi«r, QiraoUH»iiq¥U$Je» SakUt, 

Dumb made to Speak. (See alao 

under Di:vii.8.) 

Maaa vlL When Jesos was in J>«a> 

polis^ the people brengbi t» Him a man dsaCi 



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Pr. I.J 



GALLA, MAUR, RGMI, SEBASTIAN. 



who bad alM an hnpediinent la hti ipcecb. and 

bemugbt Him to rare him. Jtmvm took him 
A.*M<r, piit Hi« flngerN Into hU can, a id He -^pit 
•ii'l toticlied his ttiii^i^. niTtnic Kphphaiha 
opened]; un<i str.iiuliivvav liin ta-i« \v,-r uiw-ti-'il, 
aii-t the 'string of tils loiigue wim aii>i tie 

Mark tx. 17-27. One of ibe muititade Mid. 
Matrer. I hare brought my son whkh bath a 
duint) spirit ; and wher«iioeir«r he taknth him. 
bo t^aretb him : and h« ftMneth. and gna>h>-ih 
hU lecth. atid bm pineth away. When brought 
to Je^iu. tbe ■pint tare the yonng m«n, and he 
fell on tti« gronnd. and wallowed, foaming. 
Tbcn Jffltt^ irlmlMd tlle ftml %pir\U aaying to 
li. Than dumb and deaf iptrtt, I charge thee 
enme oat of htn, and ent^ no mi>r«> lnu> htm. 
And tin- n)>)nt canv ont of bSni : n ! m uiR 
man w.i<i AH one dead, inaomiici) that aianv 
Ho i« de.id. Rot Josua took him by tbe hand, 
«ii(i lifteil him up ; and ho aroMs. 

M att. ix. 32, 33. They bronglit unto .fesun a 
domb nuin pow Mw ed with a ttevit; and when 
Ihedievll waa fleet not, the daiiibfl|Mke> 

St. Oalln cures a child both dumb and 
deaf, 8l Qttll* went into a boiue full of 
■icK folk. Atnoninit oHiera was a ebild 

both dc.'if and diiinV*. St. Gallii took a 
glass of wateFf bie<is«:d it, anU gave it to 
the child ; whereupon its ears were im- 
mediatfly opened, and the string of ita 
tongtie was loused. — Lcs I'd Us JJ-Jian- 
dUti, vol. ii. p. 200. 

8t, Mmtr gwi tpMch foa child that traa 
bom dumb (a.d. 612-M4). One day, 
while St. Boned'u-t wa.s nhsont, a rliild, 
dumb and lame, waif br(>u<;ht to tbe abbey 
to be healed. The prior wa« re fer re d to, 
but he ri'httkod the monks in nn^er. my- 
ing, " Am 1 God, to make alive, ami to 
h«il ?" In this dilemma St. Maur, falling? 
IMToatnte, said, " Thou God alone, it is 
trne, can make alive and beat, bring 
down to tho f^vc nn<l liri^L' '"I ■ ' '>«8«ech 
thee, bave pity on this child, and magnify 
ThT great name." Thai, rising from his 
Vricf"--, lip pb -rd the comer of his stole 
on the ciiiUi 5 iicud, and made the sign of 
the cross over the child's liinb:*, saying 
aa ha did ao^ '* In tlu name of tbe blessed 
TrinftT, and through tbe merita of my 
ri.a-t' r St. Benedict, T rointnand you to 
rise up in perfect hcalLli." The child 
^Bttfm, for It was cured, to tbe delight 
Bid wonder of tbe whtdc hou*ie.^BoUan- 
dua, Acta Sanciwwn, Jan. In. 

ik, Peter the martt/r «, ' > speet^ to a 
rntOH who had been dumb for ten years. 
St, Peter of Gallia Cisalpina did many 
miracle.4. One day, prrat hing in Milan, 
eome deTont people brought to him a 
man who bad Veen darab for ten jean. 
Thf hnlv mnn pot bis finger in the dumb 
man a mouUi, touched the tooguoi and 



cried, " Bo ofieiied ! " whereii|>on the 
man wpake plainly. — Thomas Lentinus, 
L'fe </ St. Peter the Martyr. 

St. Remi aists a ilumh (uul di-'if spirit 
out of a tfounf tfirl. In the cliurcli of St. 
•lolin the Itapti.Ht, at Reims, a danis^el 

E>8»ea»ed of the devil waa brought to St, 
emi, that he might drive the aptrit out. 
The holy m.-in luid t > ir "Thou dumb 
and deaf spint, 1 command tliee, in tbe 
name of Jeeua Chriat, whose I am and 
whom I serve, to come out of her, and 
enter no more in." Aa the devil went 
out, he so tore and afflicted the damsel, 
that all nreaent declared she waa dead ; 
but St. Remi, taking her by the hand, 
aaid to her, " Dam-i 1. I say unto th*"*', in 
tbe name of Jes^us Christ, arise, and go 
into thy house." And immediately the 
damsel arose in tbe presence of all, and 
went to her bouse. — Uiocmar (archbishop 
of Reima, who diMl ▲.]>. 882), Lif* €f8t, 
HemU 

8t. Sfhtuiian i^ttto^ee epeech to SSot^ 

\c}i"&e ton jiu; /i i'i been p<triil<izc<l for six 
years (a.d. tH)H). St. Set>a8tian, com- 
mander of the first Roman cohort, was a 
Christian, and ventured to enter the houat 
of NicostratoB, a Roman magistrate, W 
exhort sixteen prisoners to hold faat to 
the end. Zne, tae wife of the ma^tintfl^ 
was present, and knelt before the CSirie- 
tian soldier, looking steadfastly in his 
face, but without uttering a word, for 
her tongue had been paralyzed for six 
years. Sebastian, raising his hand, 
signed her mouth with the sign of the 
cross, saving, "If I am a true servant 
and aoldler of God, He will leatore thy 
speech to you, eren aa He opened the 

mouth of His prophet Zachariah." I 'lc 
words were hardly uttered before Zoe 
exclaimed, " Blessed art thou, and all 
who believe on thr^ !, iri Jcjius I " When 
Nicostratns heard iiK-< wife bpcak, he fell 
at the aaiot's feet, and gave the Christian 
priaoneca nndev hia charge the free raoga 
of hit house. Olandins, the jailer, bad 

two ¥.'in< (T inHnn bodies, being 
dropsical and Uie other a cripple. When 
he heard of tbe cure of Zoe, be took hIa 
two son« to the hou.«e of Xico.^tratu:*, and 
besought of bebastiaa that he and hiii 
two boys might be admitted by baptism 
into the Christian commttnion. Polycarp, 
who waa present, baptized them, together 
with Tranquil linus, who suffered au'ony 
from gout As tbe newly baptized rua@ 
from tbe water, all were nealed of theu 
eeveral infirmities ; nnd the prefect of 
Home, whose name was CbromaliUi», 



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1S4 



ELECTION— ELIJAH AND THE FROPHETS. 



beinp informe d of these mi rarlea, was abo 
converted, Uid down his hij;h office, and 
retired into private life. — Haring-Ciould, 
Urn* 0/ ikt iSimnte, Jmi., pn. dOO-«02. 

A munh wmtm wiiiAw wrm thin/ja, of 
which St. Vincent Ferrier acrards tu-o 
(a.D. 1867-1419). At Valentia a woman 
inflnn Mid dumb presented herself to St. 
YuiceDt Ferrier, who made the sign of 
the cross on her forehead and mouth, and 
then asked her what he should do for 
her. "Gmot m«," the Mid, three 
thinn— hMkfa to my fnBrm beiay, ^ily 
bread, and the use of 8|<cech." Tlu- ti;:in 
of God ropliedt "Two of these re<{ue»ts 
I will gnat, but the third it not for thy 
•oul's gonrJ." Thr woman said Amt'n, 
mad went away dumb as before. — Peter 

Iks p— > ittm veM is Ifels flnal: "BsaUftHS 
MM* fesaolM «t ■ ««H siffMwn m m St. 

▼lacM'.t'* {Lr. ullenoc). T)i« Ule U thitt • wi>iniui with 
m very lirluMng toiiRUv mrktd 8*. Vtiirrnt wtixt «h« 
ooald do to krep hi r lm<)>n'i'l at li >mp, aiiil iii>«1«nl« hi* 
111 tMllprr. Hcrriill -1, ' < <ril>^r > nur MTT»nt !.) bring jriu 

An invvfc of the Virqin Mary rest ires 
HWtiotCtf o/ 8t, Fettr Htoma» (▲.d. 1366). 
St. Feter Thomas reached the cathedfal 

of Notre-damc du Pny, in Tclay ; l>ut 
found himself so hoar»c, that, when he 
row to address the coni^regation, be was 
unable to utter a syllable tlmt could be 
beard. Then, turning his cye.i on the 
image of the Virgin, full of earnest en- 
treaty, he imm^iately recovered his 
▼oiet, and ''never before waa he lo elenr, 
BO Honoroufl, and so eloquent.**— Xst /VtitS 
Jioliandistes, vol. i. p. 167. 

Election of a Bishop. 

Acts I. 34. Tti>^ «p<)«t!es prayed, and said. 
Thou, Lord, which kncn'.f-st thf^ hearts of all, 
ebow wbetbct of these two Thou h»?t chof«en. 

EUctiun of Nicholas an bishop of Myra. 
When NidutlaaeMlieloMvra, the bishops 
and clergy were Msenbled to chose a 
prelate for the see, and they made prayer 
to God to direct their chf>iic aright. 
Paring the preceding night one of the 
aged wehope had a reveuition, tlwfc the 
first person who entered the church would 
be the man sent by God. The convoca- 
ttoa was in praver, and the old pivlate 
stood at the church door to see who 
wonld be the first to enter. St. Nicholas 
presented himBelf, and the oM 'li.tliop, 
taking him by the handi led him to the 
iBMwiioled clergy, and said to tihem, 



Men and brethren, this is the man scot 
by (iod to fill the vacant see of Myra." 
Su they consecrated him then and there ; 
and ail ngoiced that God had sent ao 
eminent n saint to live among tiiem.— 
Metaphrastoti, /,?rr5, etc. 

Election of William to the archhishovrtc 
O^ BouTi/es (A.D. 1209). On the deatn of 
Henry de Sully, archbishop of Bourgea, 
the clergy could not agree upon a 
successor ; so Eudo, bishop of Paris, 
resolved io commit the choice to God. 
To tiiis end the clergy were requested to 
write on slips of (ia|)er any names they 
thought pru{)er, and the bishop, cele- 
brating mass, asked God to show which 
of the names lie had chosen. Whenmasa 
was over, the bishop put his hand beneath 
the corporal, and drew fortii one of the 
slips of paper which had been placed 
there. Tnen, opening the MUet, he read 
the name of William, nhbot of Challis ; so 
this abbot was elevated to ttie vacant 
throne.— Baxiof-Qooki, XsMS tf Ms 
SamU, JIaa., p. 189. 

BU^ and tte Propb«ta of 

BaaL 

1 KfNcs xvlli 17-39 Klljah, being r- proved 
by kiiiK Ahal> f<ir briiiKiiiK a lamine on Israel. 
rvpli<-<l th.ii he did n<it bring tiie {Amine, but it 
wan H) lit by (iod, l>H:aus« tbe king and the 

rple bad fursaken tbe Lord to worship KmI. 
proof where«)f he ttild tbe king to gdUi. r 
together on Motuit Camiel the four hundred 
and fif^ y prophets «f Bant and tlie four hnndred 
pmpheis «f lbs novc^and he would meet Uiam 
ibeie. &> Ahdh snt tar the prophets, and 
KlUah said to tbe people How lung halt ye 
between two opinions 7 If the Lord la <»od, 
follow Hhn ; but if iUal U God, follow lUal. 
He then prop<««ed t^i prove experinionially 
Whkh of th<' two i« licxl illd^•ed. The pmjilif t^ 
of Baal were to otTer a biill'X-k to and 
Klijjli w" nild do th" *anif Vi li hoMih, And th« 
Uud whicii anitwentl by neuding tire to cuusume 
the RAcnflce was to be received a.^ tlie true God. 
The piifiitji of Baal m ule their hacrifice, but no 
fire was ^>nt frotn he <ven to consume It. 
Eiyah then offered a bullock to JeiioTab, and 
lira was ssnt fhrai tbe Ixd to nniriTiM. MS 
only tbe Mcrtflssk bat tbeweedead the dast, and 
toiick nptbewalsrin thelNMh. Whsa the 
people saw it th»y ssld»The Lord, Be Is Qed| 
tbe Lord, ReisOed. 

<Sf. Alexander prose* to JloUiiftis Me 

truth of thf story ahfjut Elijah and the 
vrophi'ts of Baal, Kabbulus often sent 
tor St. Aleaiander ; and one day, when 
Alexander was telling him tbe wondrous 
story of Elijah and the priests of Baal, 
Ilnl)hiilu8 said tf» him, " If the God of 
whom you speak wrought these wonders 
io the nIcB of Abab, Ha can 4o the MMt 



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Pt. I.] 



FXIJAH AND THE WIDOW. 



m 



DOW. Cry uoto him m EUjuli did, ami 
bid Hin Mftd Are, tluifc I mmj 9m tmd 

belie^'e." At the word tin ri> ffll fire 
from hcaveu, aiid coufltiTimi the mats 
that w(>re in the foom, but hurt nothini; 
else. Then the governor bowed his head, 
and cried, "TIm I^rd, He in L><h\, and 
truly there is none be.nide Him." And he, 
with all his hoiue, re€ei\'«d ba{>UMU at 
the hands of St. Alexandor.^Baring- 
Gonld, Lites of the Snintu, Jan., p. 

St. I'antaUon arraigns the priests of 
liotw. St, Pantaleon, ining amignod 
before the emperor Maximinn, !>aid, 
•* My Lord, if it has been told y«u that I 
am a Christian, know you and all men 
that I wonhip Uim who oraated heaveo 
and eartli, ratwtb ilw doad, and enrath 
the leper. \f mn credit not what I say, 
cause a sick body, whu.-^e life ia de8j>aired 
of, to be brought into thy presence, and 
iwspmble hitlier the chief pontiff and all 
his priests. Let them call on their eods 
to restore the sick man, and I will call 
00 the name of Jeaus Chciat \ and let hint 
that bcalckh the eick body be accepted 
as the true God." The proposal pleased 
the emperor; and a man sick of the 
palsy waa bvou^t forth. The prit stH 
called, on Jupiter, some on I - ,;la- 

jiiiu, and others on Diana; but all in 
vain. St. Pantaleon scotfed at them, 
•ad bade them call loader; but they 
ivtorted, sayinjr, **C5aU you on yonr God 
Jesus." 'I 1j< ti rnntaleon, lifting; u[) his 
eyes to heaven, said, "( ) Lord, hear iny 
prayer, and let my cry come unto T)iec. 
Show this (>eople that Thou art (iod, and 
there i» noue beside Thee." Huvui^ »o 
■aid|^e took the sick man by the hand, 
•nd laid antu hioi, *'io the name of 
Jeane Christ, •tUrnd on thy feat^ and be 
ye whole." So the man arow, afeood rm 
his feet» and leaned^ and went to his 
bonae joyftil, for m waa made wliole. — 
Ife'apbrastes, Lives, etc. 

Elijah and the Widow of 
Zarepbath. (See Food multiplied.) 

t Knraa zvit s-ia. After Biqah lell Cherftfa, 
vine be waa frd Iqr raveoi^ be went to Ztdon. 
mrben be came to tbe fsteoT Zarephath. be ssw 

a woman gathering rtick^, and Mid to lier, 
F^b mtf, I pray the«.a little water In a venvrl, 
th«t I mjiv drink. And ^is sh-' w.is ko'uik to 
fi-tcb it. be called to her, aioi mI !. hnn^ nu-. I 
may thee, a mors*! of l>re«'l ii. thin.- hand. 
jIm" wninan «il4l. \<* thi- Ijor.i iliy ';.«! livcth, I 
h^vf ti')' ,4 cakf, \>nt a Imndlnl of ini al 

in a barrel, and a itttle oil In a cruiw: and, 
beiioM. 1 am gatheilng two [or tbre«] sticka, 
that 1 Disj and «tmM it fur me aiM* my son, 1 
ibatwamigreiAl^afaAe. Biyili leld to bw, I 



F«ar not) ma and do as tbou host oal I : but 
make tlier of a Utile cake flrRt. oiid bring 
It unto me; aod allrrwaids make for iby >eit and 
for Iby ^n; Sir thus saitb Cbe Lvrt 0<id el 
l«nei« The birref of mn«l not wsai«b 
nefiber sbill the cruise #uft Ml. nntll tbe day 
that tb« I>»rd Hcndi-tli rain ni^on rh>3 <Mrth. Si 
site went and did ocoordinc !•> tli« s^aing of 
Klijah ; and abe. and be, and b*^ Imuse itiJ >'at 
uii.ny d iy-t. And lh'-bjirrt«l of ni' Jil w.i«i>-ij nnt, 
neitbfr dill the Ciili-O' cf nil f ::, .1 , ■ .tjiij^ to 

the word of tbe Lunl, wblcb He vooke br 
KHJah, 

SL Bkdte and the poor woman's kotj. 
A poor woman bad a nog, which was all 
her earthly store, and a wolf stole it. 
The Woman t<»ld ht-r tale of sorrow to St. 
Blaise, and he said to her, Woman, be 
of goodeomfort ; the hog shall be brought 
to the*" apnin." And so it was ; for th# 
wolf brought it back, and it had received 
no injnzy at all. When St. Blaiae waa 
in prison, the poor woman came to com- 
fort him, and nrouglit him a part of tiis 
hon, which had been killed for food. 
Blaise received it at her bands, and said 
to ber, " Never from this day fcrtfa shall 
fond fail thee ; " and never from that day 
did she lack anything needfitl for hei 
daily lift.— MetaphaMtSi^ Life of SL 
Blaiae. 

St. Isidore and the empty pot. St. 
Isidore was a farm labourer. One day, 
returaiog home after hia day'a work, he 
feand a poor pilgrim at hb eottafe door, 

asking for food. Isidore told his wife to 
give the man something to ent, but the 
woman said sa4lly, " Alack, alack ! there 
is nothing in the house." Isidore bade 
his wife look into the [Hit, but she repliedi 
"It is ((uitrt empty; for I have just 
rinsed it, ami set it b^'." ** Go, wife, and 
fetch it,'* eatd the satnt. So she wcot to 
fi't<-h it, and found it very heavy. On 
taking off the lid. she was amazed at 
seeing tbe pot ftill to the very top of 
most excellent meat, cooked and hot, and 
lit fur immediate uim. So she gave 
liberally to the poor pilgrim, and set 
before her boaband, but still tbe store 
was not diminished.— Edward Kin«Hman, 
T/ie MirottiJnm Life, etc., of St. Isidore, 
patron of Meuind, iateiif oawmized by 
lM>fte Greifori/ XV. Ahr»li<-d /rota th0 
S^xinL^h. Aufh'rl'i'd bj I'hilip, k!n<, of 
tttstilc, etc., and S'jjud 0 / Ais minister, iJe 
Orvftte. 

St. Ltmiein suppiiet th« abbey of Lmt' 
eonne vuk a sheaf of irA^ which teastt-d 
n>'t (a. I). ISO). SoMu times tiic abbev 
grounds of Ijaucoiine, in the Jura, alwavs 
mora or lesa sterile, would not aupply 



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1ft 



0Otn enough for the nionastery over I 
whieh 8t. Lupicin presided. At such 
tini«fl the holy abbot used to lay his cnnu 
before God. and always found that He 
wiio rciinn.lKTt'd <he h|iarr'iws fur^nt 
not His own children. One year the 
abbey was anaattally crowded, for a 
luf;,'*' niiiiilirr of Mi iilnrf h.ul nought an 
niivluui tliere, so tli:it sciin iry li.-ul set in. 
Tfie ateward told Uic nl.l.ui that the 
resources would be utterly exhausted in 
tiftctn daya, but tlmt the har\'est would 
not be jjathered in for three months at 
least. The abbot heard the anuounce- 
nent nBdistorbed, and aaid to Ma monk a, 
"Come, my children, let us enter tin- 

(franar^', where we have still wane hheaves 
eft. h live \v«" not renounced th« world 
tft follow (1iri?t V " Then, bavinj? en'ered 
the gmuary and fallen on tlieir knees, 
St. Lu^iicin said, "O Jesu Christ, Thou 
hask laid, No one iball ^uit for Id v sake 
house, or brothers, or si«ters, or father, 
or motlii r, or ohihlrcn, or goods, but shall 
receive a hundredfold in this world. Now 
send OS Thy help. O God, who made 
thnt the Vmrrt'I of imal should not wn«>tr, 
nor the cruise of oil fail, when Thy »v.t- 
vant Elijah was with the widow of 
Xarephath, in Zidonia, now look upon us 
Thy ser\'ant(i, who have placed ottrsdves 
under tiio protertum of Thy Son, our 
Lonl i and as Thoo host given us freely 
tike bread of life, Touchsafe to give ua 
also tho brtJid uherfhy wr live." All 
the brothers cried Aihoi. Then, turning 
to the steward, St. Lupicin said, ** Place 
the-.e fthrnvps in one Itundle; for thus 
eaitlj tlji- Lord God of Israel, TTie sheaves 
shall supply food, and shall not waste, 
till the harvest be gathered in." &o the 
ehtaves were piled tonther, and wasted 
not, Hiul aU the l)r(*ther8 and f«tmn;:ers 
fed ihereo.i lur more than three uionUi-^. 
Ifaay have testitied to Uiis miracl", 
nnnmgst olhers St. Oyend, then a novice 
in tin* nionjister)', but afterwards abbot 
of Cxindat, from whont Uie historian of 
Condai was told the details ^ivea above. 
— Ada Sanelonm (BoUandists), March 
21; Tillemont, vol. xyi. p. 112; St. 
Gregory of Tours, De Vtta J'utrum, ch. 
i. ; Bclley, J!a»iiooraph;i ; Longueval, 
JUiatory of iht a«Utioa» Vhurchf Vol. ii. 
bk. 4 ; etc. 

IVo Christ ill i\i fed h;/ Rusticus on pork, 
urui the jKrk donntis/ati mt» Two (jhris« 
tiau pii^'rins travelling in Poland came 
to the lioor )f Kusiicu-', a heatltcn | < n.^ant 
who had ju 4 killed a fat hog, to celebrate 1 
tiie hifth ol bit only aoo. Tbe piltcrimsb I 



[Pr. T. 

being invited to i^rtake of the feast, 
pronounced a blessing on what waa.leflii 
and this remainder of the hog ncvei 
diniiniiihed in size or weight from that 
day forth, although uU tlio fjiniily fed on 
it freelv every day. — J. Brady, Ciuvit 
Cahndaria, p. 188. 

Elijah oats Angels* Food. (Sae 
My Fi.E«ii IS Mkat i.nukko, pt. iii.) 

1 Kixos xix. A« EltJah Uv nnd«r a 

JuTiiju r tri't', IhIhiIiI, hd aucel tOHcb**!! liiui. aiMl 
Mini iiiit^i him, An>i'' arui eut. . . . A'i'l l)>-.iro-M', 
mitl eai aii<l iliiiik; .itnl bf winl in ili<* 
streDKth of that meat forty days and lorty aigbu 
unto Uuceb Ibe moom efOod. 

St. Albert, fed l»/ the Virjin iUtry^ 
receirvt a fvrce vhic/t tasted ait the rest of 
his life (a.I>. 1060-1 HO). A great f\oi^ 
of wafer having r-irif 1 ■) the cell of St. 
Albert, he wiia for iniiriy days deprived 
of food. Then the Virgin U'ary came to 
him, snd put in his mouth a morsel of 
bread of such extraordinar>' virtue, that 
it imparted to linii a vii^'onr whii li lasted 
all the rest of his life, that is, twenty-tvo 
years, during all which time he had never 
more need of hn-ad to cat. hut only a few 
herbs and rooU* ; and for tv^eiity years be 
drank nothing at all. — Hobert (archdeaCOO 
of Ostrevand), Lift of St, Albert, 

El^ah fed by Havens. 

1 Kivoa zviL 6. Wbile KlUsb was at the 
brook Clierltb. In eooeeslmeal, ratena hrooi^ 
Mm braid sad flesh In the ■Mnlng.aad bread 
and flesh hi the ewsateg. 

Gkn. xxH. 14. Jebovsh-Jbeb, " the toid will 
provide." • 

A pvjfm hrm/f» food to 8l, Auxmimi 

(\.}>. 470). While St. AnxpntiiiB was in 
.Sio|>e, near t ItHleedtm, the Chribtians, 
amazed at the tales told of his abstinence, 
determined to put him to the |.roof. With 
this intent, they placed in his cell baskets 
full of roots, dates, and other foods, 
lighted a candle, and set a «*bild to watch 
him. After several days they found the 
CJindle still hiimin^, and (■hserved that 
it bad not dimaninhed. Tiie food in the 
baskets had not l>een touched, and the 
child, l)eing asked h;it the saint had livi-d 
on, replied, " A pigeon came daily and 
brought him food. '—/Jfeof St. A^u-fntius, 
by his disctple Vendimian. (There is an i 
excellent MS. life of this saint in the* 
Bihliothbqne de la roft RidieUctt, la 
Paris.) 

Prsiiw Cadoe amd tkt rMarkkm fadbf 



ELTJAH: ELUAH FED BY HAVENS. 



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Pt. I.l 



BUJAH FED: CALAIS— THE FOUR HERMITS. 



117 



a mouu (sixth century.) I'hnce OkUoc 
mot to fioish his education under a 
famous iheUirician who had more pupils 
than money. Indeed, so poor wan the 
lerimed scholnr, tli it hi- oftt'ii had no food 
in the house. One d»y, at the hour of 
brcftkfut, the prince obwrved a white 
mouyic jump on the table, and ilfiosit there 
a single gT&iu ul wheat. Uadoc watched 
the mouse, and followed it. He found 
that it r in into a cellar, one of those old 
Keltic subterranean granaries, remaitis of 
which are still to l>e seen in WuU'h. In 
thia celhu- Cadoc discovered a vast atora 
of corn, which ier%>cd to feed both neeter 
and piipiln for many wm-ks. (See Sr. 
(JoxTKAM.;— Kees, Livti oj the Cainijro- 
Jintia/t SairUs. 

St. ('■ilnis fi j f)>f tt tprrroT (A.t>. 54.'>). 
One day bt. CuL-iis wits workin,4 in his 
rincyard, and hting very warm, hung his 
cloak on a tree. At enoMt he f eit fatigued 
•nd hnngry, bat had nothing to eat. He 
went to the trie to tiike di'wn his clouk, 
and found that a s|)arrow had latd in it 
an egg. The egg ajforded him suffi- 
cient nourishment, and more joy, for 
he fflt it was a gitt »tnl from liod. — 
Dom Paul Fiolin, HiUoir* da VEglimdn 
Mom, 

8t. Catherine of Altxamdria fed by a 

d'W, MaxentiuH the eiii|>eror ordered St. 
Cathehoo of Alexandria to be scourged, 
and then eon6ncd without food in a dark 
dimpeon. Here fhc rcmuimj twelve 
days. Angela cnme to hml her wuiind*, 
and a dove provi.led h» r everv day with 
needful food.— MeUfihraatea (died dll), 
JAte*^ etc 

St. Cutli^ rt. ;u f." islr of Fanie, /,xl 
bu rooks (Beveuth century). \\ hen 5t. 
»itfabeft Unt retired to Fane, the isle 
nb^olufely without inhabitant, 
wit^jout a tree, and without waler. It 
waa wholly barren of food, and provided 
nothing whidi could be converted into 
tastenance. It will be aaked, bow then 
<Im1 111 exi.-t? The an>wi'r is thia: by 

Sra\«:r he obtained a spring of most 
clicioua water, and rooks brooght him 
food daily, till the barley he li.id sown 
Miiii ^alhtTed in. — Li'M I'eltta li\AiuiuJi^ti:», 
vol. lii. p. 560. 

St,CuthlKTt/cdb!/aneagh, When St. 
Cuthliert waa labouring to ooovert the 
Northumbrians, he waj4 driven, on one 
occasion, bv a severe snow-storm to Uie 
coast of File. " Never," said he to his 
dcBftondent eompanions, *' iliil man die of 
hunger who served God fnithfuliv, tor it 
ia wfitten, * 1 will never leave tbee^ nor 



forsake thee.' " While he was still 8{>eak- 
ing, an eagle overhoad dropped a large 
fisn at his feet. — Green, A Ja/tort History 
oj the Em/lish People, p. 26. (See j>. 1*28.) 

Aw'th'T inst'iucr. At flntither time, 
being overtaken at aea by a terrible 
•tonn which kept them out in the deep 
for several days, food failed, and both 
St. Cuthbert and tbuse with him muHt 
have died, if God had not «ent them tliree 
lnrf;c morseh "f a dolpliin, whieh served 
them well wiiii f«iod for thrve entire 
dav^^.-ZM Fm» BotlmdittMy ToL iii. 
p. 

Ood f«i 81. JNdaeiu mhwidtmty m a 

jonnuii ('^•r'- M^^'?). Wlulo St. Didrious 
was ji.urneying from Ccrraya to Sit. Luc 
de Harrambde he wae unable to procur<) 
any food on the road, and l>otli lie and 
his companion were s^u faint with hunger, 
they were unable to continue their 
journey, lliey prayed for auoeour, and 
as they rose they found etoie by a cloth 
spread on tin LTasn with l)read, fi.^h, 
citrons, and a bottle of wine. They 
looked about to see if any one waa near ; 
they waited awhile, but no one ramc ; they 
felt certain that Gud had made them tins 
feast in the wilderness ; they ate, their 
•trengthwas renewed, and they continued 
their )0nmey, giving God thanks. — R. P. 
Cahier, (^<tni<:lcristiquca des S-iinis. 

Brother (JUes miritculumty supplied tcith 
food (A.D. 1272). Brother Giles, making 
a J ilu'rimage to the Holy Land, vrm one 
tiii v fto overcome with hun<,'erand fatigue 
tliat he dropped on thi- ^^n und and fell 
asleep. On waking, he found, close to 
his head, a mysterious loaf of bread. In 
faet, (.iod had st-nt it liim, as 11c m l 
bread and HeAh to Elijah by Hia 
messengem, the ravens.— ilda Sanctormm 
(Hollandi^^t-;), April T.l 

F<jur hcrmitu iupfdttd (iiUy wiih tvc^ 
bff invisihie hands (fourth century). St. 
Paphnuciux, having buried Onuphrius, the 
old anchorite, wandered four days till he 
came t<t a hul, where an nlii hoary rei-hne 
met him, addressed him by name, and 
•aid he was glad to have the honour of 
greeting the saint who had I)iiried Father 
Onuphrius. Three other hvniut8 came 
u|>, and greeted him warmly. They tnld 
him they had been sixty years in the 
desert, and that he was the only human 
l>i in^', except themselves, they had ^*< en 
in all those vears. Hcing asked how 
they obtidned food, they replied that God 
si-iit it (liem nitmruloii-ly, they knew not 
how, but every da\' they found in their 
' rea of bi»M, very delieaie 



cell four loavs 



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and yery white. Th«:y uvw led Faph- 
nuctoB to their cavern, and )o I Ave 
loaves were deposited there, but no one 
had seen the bnofjer. — Les Petits BollaH' 
distes, vol. vi. p. f»'.U. 

St. Marinm fed bn two baarg (a.d. 731). 
St. MariiiiM wa« a monk in the monaatery 
sacred to the Viruin, in ^foriana, in Italy, 
lie left the iiiotinHUrv, retired to a cell 
on the edge of a rock, and sanctified it 
by a til fee days' fant. He would have 
continued his fast, but God sent two bears, 
each with a honey com I) full of honey, 
which they laid at his feet ; tbeo, crouch- 
ing down, they proceeded to lick bis feet, 
as if invitiof,' Imn to taste tlio food thoy 
had brought him. This he did, and told 
the bears to cone egain another day. 
'ITiese bears ever after camp daily to the 
cell, bringing to the hermit two little 
loaves of Dread; and every liay, for tlie 
•pace of fonr years, these wild beasts 
behaved like Umbe, and showed the 
rcH-hihe ev( ry mark of reverence. — L'abbe' 
A liber, J 'it' iL-s ibamtx du Diocese de 
J'oitii'rs. 

I>r. Moulim fed by a hen. During the 
dreadful liartiiolomew slaughter, Dr. 
Moulins lay hid from the cut-throats for 
many weeks in » eare; but e%'ery day 
a ben came, and laid an e^g there, by 
which means the doctor escajnd jiUrvn- 
tion, and lived to record this nmrvt^Uuus 
interposition. 

The old hermit of Sin*! fed by a lion 
(fourth century). When St. Simeon went 
to KinaT, an old hermit told him that he 
and a brother hermit had cone to live 
• together in a cave on the mount. His 
conipanion hnviiifx died, a lion had come 
daily ever since, bringing to the cave's 
month a bunch of dates.— Theodoret, 
.Philotheus. c. 6. 

St. r<m the hermtt fed for sixty tjears 
bg a crow (A.D. 841). When St. Antony 
was ninety years old he went to visit St. 
Paul the hermit, who was 118, and lived 

in the I/ivrer Thehaid, While eotiversing 

together, a crow settled on a buugb, and 
presently alighting, laid at the hermit's 
feet a loaf of bread. " Ah ! " Miid St. 
Paul," Uic l/)rd is ever mindful and loving, 
for sixty years the bird has brooght ne 
daily only half a loaf, but now you are 
come God hath doabted the allowance.** — 
St. .leronic (a.i>. 375), Zi/s 0|f Patl/| IA« 
/'ir*/ llermd of Knjpt. 

It b I pity w« art not tiJd bnv much th« XcmX wm 
hWftor Mm Uw W«<. saS how Uw eruw carrtcd It. In 

tiMOMSf Wtj0k d» BIBS SlSkult/ dtiet bat urcur. fur 

It li Bol OM nvm Oist euvM a ImA bM (wvwali 
tains vkkfe MtM knsi saA iMh; «m*i tks 



tui>pir In bodi emm «M nlfMuhiNi^ tal tto Matof 

eoiicUtrnc/ In Uic Utier cms >« c«rtiiii ly rtriklo*. 

We arr uM In Uic Actti S t>i lorutn (RulbutHlltfV 

toJ. L iwm <■ Vmt SU tnmMt at Urnut Usu — tlm 

St. l!->fx-rt, abbot of Ctis'. Dei, mpnli.'d 
viih fvijd ifij an eittfle (A.t>. 10(37). \Vhile 
St. Robert, abbot of ( ^as\ Dei, WM at 
Allaoche, in the mountainu of Auvergne, 
and was about to celebrtte mass, the 
cook eamc to him to say there was nuihing 
in the bouse for dinner. Never mind," 
re|ilied St. Robert ; ** seiTo the maee, and 

God M ill I rrivicie our daily bread." He 

bad buijuot begun the "{>reface," when 
an eagle, passing over the church, let fall 

an enormous fisli, which supplied the 
abbot and all lii;* Hiiite with an ample 
meal. — Acta S^nuti-ntm ( UoUandists), 
April 24. (See St. Cutiukut, p. 127.) 

8t. Sinum Stock fed daUtf h;f a awf (a.i>. 
1 1 fit I ■.'(".a) . St . Sin > i i ■ ;>toc-k 1 i \ e<l i n 
the trunk oi a h'dkow ti:« io the vast 
forestof Toubersville. in Kc^u His food 
ronnisted of raw herlis. l)il,ter roots, and 
wild fruits; his drink bvin;^ water. God, 
ever watchful over Hi^ children, com- 
missioned a dog to take bin daily « 
piece of bread, as the ravens took bread 
and meat to tlie prophet Klijah. — Lif§ 
of St, Siinon ^itock {by a contemp«>rai7t 
thirteenth century}* 

W« an f vUmt toM tfeallt. ItaMMi tMi ttni tm 
lis r«u» on MoMitt Cwmsl, «s Mms Umi «a Mont 
miuKi. All tiMs* nan ha Miraiilr SMSriaawl Ut fldlr 
r<>-.t uwnna«Mii^hlM asm taiMtallaa kf las 

Vtntn Mary. 

St. Stephen^ third abbot of Ciloiux, has 
a Jish brom/ht him 67 a bird (a.d. 1184). 
On one occasion, when St. Stephen, abbot 
of Cfteaux, was very ill, and his Btoma<*h 
refused all food, a bird hroii^'ht him a 
fish ready cookt-d, and ft-d liitn with it 
hit by bit, as it would have fe«l one of 
its (uvti lir.Htd. In Christian art the abbot 
la ri'jjrtiseiited being fed witli a fish by 
a bird.— j4cf'i Ameforusi (BoUan^ta), 
vol. ii. April 17. 

Si. Soma and the stag (a.d. 520). Tw« 
ymin;; iiH'ii. ' lit of reverence to .St. .Sorus, 
attached themselves to him as servants. 
They loved their master dearly, and were 
in turn greatly f>elove<l by liim. The 
young men sought for htm aliu» of food 
and raiment, and, of course, theinrotves 
partook thereof. One day the larder a at 
quite empty, and the yonng men began 
to niiiriimr. " My ehildrcn." said the 
hermit, " why are ye of so little faith ? 
Tbc hand of * God is not straitened that 
it cannot help. If God eould feeii rive 
thousand in the desert with five loaves 
andtwoflahsa can He not feed jroa two? 



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Ft. I.] 



ELIJAH FED— ELIJAH AND THE RAIN. 



Bt not fiilhlcM, my children, but bcliev- 
liitf. ilehoTaih-jiivh, the iMtd will pro* 
fide." Th« two youajf men dow li ft the 
cell, and fuund at the door m Dobl« *iMfft 
which bud fallen dowa before it Mid 
broken its neck. They rv.n bn -k- to t«ll 
the umiUr ; the stag »uppli«-<i tticiu with 
food for many days, and the hido wade 
ftf^naent for Hi. Sorus, which he wore, 
aa the ^Ut of God, to his dying dav. — 
L<s l'ttit.-< />. !t,tn>iistes, v.)l. ii. p. l<>i'. 

Wifot Jed m prison 6*/ a oat, Henry 
Wyat was impnsoned by RicAttid III., 
fttnl wns so ne^,'lpcted that he was nearly 
starved w dtatii. When reduced to the 
last extremity a cat appeared at his 
grating, and dropped into bia hand a 

{)igcon, which the waider cooked for 
liiii ; aad thia was done daily ttU bia 
releaao. 

A tBMMff fvewfa fe St, Omtinm Md 

trcamres for Ms rhanti/ ( ;)2f> 598). 
St. Gontmu, king of liurgutiUy, was ex- 
tremely charitable. One day a weasel 
lUiracted his attention, and revealed to 
him enormous treasures, whereby he was 
enabled to indulge bis cliHrity without 
io any wise taxing his subjects. He 
Mi aalcep after n iittDttng expedition ; 
his eouerri* whs with him. nnd snw n 
weaacl run out of the king's mouth t4>- 
waida a rt%'ulet. As the weaael could 
not Cfoea the water, the «pi*ny laid his 
aword across the stream. The weasel 
ran o%er this bridge into a i lift in a 
mountain, whence it aiwn returned, and 
fe-entercd tbe king'a mouth. When 
Contrnn awoke, he tnld his rouprn- he 
had been dreaming a stmn^e Umtui ; he 
thought he croeeea over an iron bridge, 
and came to a mountain in which waa 
such a masa of money that he was quite 
dnzed at the sight. Tlie oijuerry then 
told the kin^ what he bad a«en, and the 
eoinddence mdueed Gontran to go to the 
fissure in the mountain and examine it, 
when he found treasures exceeding the 
wildest imaginaftton. With a iwrt of 
this hid treasure St. Gontran founded 
the celebrated abbey of lieanme les 
Dames. (.See F'ltix k Cai>oc ani> tub 
MouaB, j>. 126.)— ^nao^ Jlagioyraji/ti- 
q»e§ de /vtmev, vol. vi. 

St. Vitus and his rmijuini' n- f-^l by 
eatfles (A.n. 303). When Vitus, a lad 
only twelve yean old, was threatened 
with death by' Valerian, prefect of Sicily, 
and sent there by Diocletian to stamp 
Out Christianity from tbe i.sland, he lied, 
accompanied by his tutor Modestus 
Mid niL nttandaBt MmA. GtaiMWliB^ to 



Naples; but, being wholly without pn:- 
Tisions, they were fed by an eH:.'le, till 
Diucleti.'in «ent for them to lieal the 
prince his son, grievonalv afflicted with 
' • dvHl.— lln Qntfrin, Vm du Saints, 
voL tU. ^ », «le» 

JSlUah makaa Bain to ooaae 
! aiul vo lUL 

Jamu t. It, IS. EIUm wm a nmn iubj^t te 

Uk« pawloiM u we are, and prayiil •■.irucfltljr 
that U tDtKlii not rxiii : and it raiiii il not on tiie 
Mltll by th»' vjiace i>f ihree yfam ttiid <llx 
iiiontlm. And h<- |iriij'e«t Mgain, and the keav<>nt 
gftvi TAin ftti.l tin- i fti th brought forth her fruit 
1 KiN>..<« xvli 1. Aod Eiyith Ihe TUbMta 
Mkl untu Abab, Am the l^inl Ood of Inra-l 
llveih, before whom I stand, itit-re »ba I not be 
dew nor rain these yean, but SCOOnUog to n|]r 
word. 

1 Kntoa i^vUL 1. And flcanM lopaHi tbH 
ilH) wtud of tbe Len) eame to EIQab to tbe 
third year, Mjtnc Oo, aba# tbyaelf unto 
Abab; and I «1U send ndn iqiOD tbe earth. 

(See w. 

St. IJ-tsU reiimes Vfrty of a ffreat 
drowjht (a.d. 6*26). As in the time of 
Kiijah the heavens overhand were bniKs, 
so, in the time of St. Baeil, God, justly 
irritated with the aina of the people, 
refii^ril m-n, till most of the rivers nbont 
Verzy were dried up, man languished, 
and the herd:<i and the flocks, the horact 
and other domesticated animals, were 
tormented with feverish thirst. In thi<i 
nece>.-<ity the inhabitants of Verzy had 
recourse to SC Baail; and tbe s«iot| 
tooebed with eorep aaa ion, implored Jeaua 
rhri.«t to snrrour the p'-npli- At once 
there leaped truiii a nx'k a clear and 

Elentiful spring of water, enough for 
Dtb man and beast. Thia " miracuioua " 
rock-foantain received tbe name of *' Legit 
OsfMl," because the waters were sanative. 
—Mgr. Guerin, Vtes des Sawts, voL xiit. 
p. 600. 

St. Bonf, hishop of dtTiiumt, interrede$ 
for ran (a.u. t;_'.)-7lU). When all 
Auvergne was visited by a great dlOO^^ltt 
St. Bont ordered a fmai aftd a leligioaa 
procession for rain. Mass was scarcely 
finished, when rain fell in such great 
profusion that the congregation waa 
unable to leaye ttie chnrch. — Boliaodua, 
Acta Sanctorum^ vol. i. Jan. 15. 

St. Euthymius m a tprtat drought inter" 
cedes for rain (a.o. 876-^73). Dnnng a 
dreadful drou((ht, when the " caitb waa 
iron and the heavens brans," the iflbabl* 
tanta of Meliti'iiH. in Annriiij, went in 
prooeaaion, carrying the cruMi and diaot* 



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180 



cf»ve hia iDtereesMon with lind to waier 
Ibe earth and imike it fniitfiil.'* Bt. 

Kiithymiua bjulc the {»rfH*P5*si"n fall with 
him on their knees, ami imiv to Him 
who s^ys, *'Ask, «nd > »• >hali receive." 
While they prayed tlw lieaven tfrcw 
black with cIoudi«, and Uie ruin fell in 
torrents. The earth revived, the hills 
cliippcd their bandi for joy, and plenty 
crowned the vcmt with fktacas. — Cy rill us, 
Life of K'ltfu/itihis. 

St, JitlartoH prays J'vr rain, and the 
htment give rain. After the death of St. 
Antony, th«Tf was no rain in I'ppcr 
K};ypt for the space of ihrcc yuar*, and 
the people said it was l>ecAuse the 
elements lamented lor the death of Uiat 
holy man. And it eame to nitsH, at the 
ftid of thre<' year», the people of I ppi-r 
Kgy|)t besought St. Hilahon U» pray fur 
them, that God would be pleaded U* ocnd 
rain, llihirion did so, and rain fvH in 
such ubundunce, tliat the t;arth wuh re- 
freshed, and brought forth its fruits in 
their icaaona. — St. Jerome, Vita St. 
Bitarkmb Krtmitm (A.n. 3»U). See also 
NicephoriiB Callisttit (died IHM), EocU- 
$ia t ttc ai Hutury. 

St» John Ciitnaats causes rain to fall 
(a.d. hi(i-6i)h}. Soon afU^r St. John 
Clitnacus was choKon nbbot of MoinU 
Sinai, the people of ruh-stine and Arabia 
applied to him in the time of a greet 
droutrbt^ bej^ginj? him to intereede with 
God on their behalf. The ^itint failed 
not to lay their misery before the Father 
of all merciea, and his prayer was irome- 
riintt Iv nnswerod by nn fihiindancf of 
raiu. — Daniel (a conteni|X)rarv and monk 
Of Raithtt). Iif0^at, John Ctimaau, 

St. (hu n coiniii'indi rain to fall in Sj/ain 
(a.d. 644). When St. Uuen pasted into 
Spain, he fonnd the eouDtty enfrerinc; 
f:ri ;i!! v fniin a long drought. Xu rain 
hud iHlltn fur t»even years I! vegetatieo 
was nearly parched ap, few cattle sur- 
vived, and tne countr}' wnf> in a terrible 
state. St. Oucn, by hi* imiyi rs. riclivcrcd 
the country from ihi.- i;rt-at |>laj_'iie, which 
threatened a universal famine, and in- 
evitable tnin. The efNct of his prayers 
vrnn n rirh hnr\'p«!t. nnt onlv of tem|>oral 
fruittt, but also of spiritual graces ; for 
rain fell in abundance to render the land 
fecund ; and the people, grateful for the 
rain, promised to renouncs tlicir sins, 
Mhicli had called down ujton them this 
divine wrath.— L'abbd T^tiieur, Aimai$§ 
itt JHocittdt fi'pfifiifif- 



St. J*eter Thomas brinqt d'twn rain 
frutn heaven (a.d. 1886). One day, whi]» 
St. FVtpr ThoM'T' wn^ preaching, his 
voice pierced the cliMid^, causing them to 
open and supply the earth with abun- 
dance of rain, then greatly nee<led.— Ls* 
Pctitt lioUandistes, vol. i. p. 1H7. 

St. Porphi/rij, at (r.K'.r, prays fur rain 
(A.D. S&iMi^O). When St. Porphyry 
went to Gaaa there was a ver>' great 
dr«^U)?ht, and no rain fell for two 
uiunUiM after bis arrival, the Gaz«ans went 
to the temple of Mamas, their rain-god, 
to supplicate him to remove the calamity. 
For seven days they repeated their suppli- 
cations, but no rnin fell. The Chriitian 
women and children, to the number of 
280, now fasted and prayed for one day, 
and then went with St. I'orphyry. thwr 
biHhop, to St. Timothy's rhurch. sinjfing 
hymns* On return i 11;^' to <ia/a. they found 
the j;at<»s shut afrniiist tlieni. f<(r the (Ja- 
/.a-iiuis ia&i»tvd that their gt)d Marnus vcsLt 
jealous of Jesus Christ. Here, l»efore the 
sates, the bishop and the Christians with 
him prayed God in His merey to send s 
f^iacious rain U|>on the land ; and while 
they prayed the heavens were black with 
clouds, and the rain fell in f^reat abuo- 
danrr. The gates were now thrown oi^n, 
and the heathen eried aloud, 'Thrist, 
Heis(«od; Christ, He is God !" 176 were 
baptixed, and the Lord added to His 
Chnrdi diuly aoeh as should be aa^'ed. 
— ^T irk (a compMiloo), Lifg o/ iSX. 

I'orphyry. 
St. .S<j&t», ^ a tfnai dharth^ hUeroedet 

r',r rnin. When St. Sabas was at Jeru- 
(ixltai, there was a great dearth. No 
water could be fmiiid even to drink, so 
that the people were ready to perish. 
St. Sabas prayed, and the rain fell so 
abundantly that the cisterns wefc filled, 
and all the people bad an ample snpply* 
—Cyril (the monk), Life of St. 8aba9. 

St. .^Tr'nu.'! f>ro, />• r'liii, diuf tfiU.i 

teriruHiites a clinrth a/ul pest (seventh 
century). A great dearth prevailed in 
the vicinitv of Mans, and a pej«tilence 
desolated the land. Sfen fell down dead 
white carr\ in:» the dead to their graves, 
and sextons were buried in the graves 
they were dig^'ing for otbera. In this 

drtadftil calntnify St. 'ner:iriii>i, bishop 
»»f Mans, went to consult Serenus, and 
Serenus advised a three days' fast. On 
the third day, a mouk assured ttie bishop 
it had been revealed to him, th.it the 
country wonM be delivered from thene 
calamities onlv by the prayers of St. 
SoNBtts; the biibopk tfa«itfote^ winfe at 



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IV. I ] 



AY— KLIJAH'S CHARIOT. 



1S1 



ODc« to tb« hermit's cell} and told him 
what the nonk had wid. Senmiis gave 
himself at once to prayer and faatmg, 
and before Huniuit rain fell id torrentf, 
puriOed t\n> uir, refreshed tha groand, 
clfJinseJ the drains, tin' jdaptie ceased, 
ami the eiirtij vieldt-.l lior jiroduce moat 
liv.— K. K dot)) I'aul PioUa, Life 
of JSi. iSereiuUj etc. (ISHH), 

Tht nHndrring J^jitfiu The twi^^ 
lej^ion of the Kouinn iiriiiy uinlcr Miirciis 
Aurcliiis, acting against the Quadi, a.d. 
164, being shut np in a defile, was 
rv<lm-eii to great straits fnrwnnt of water, 
when a body of Christians, eurullcU ia 
the legion, prayed for relief. Not only 
was fain sent io abBndanoe ia aoawer to 
thttr prayer, hot tiie timnder and Hght- 
ninff wtTC H«> tcrriiic that the f>>e wiis 
panic>atruck ; the legion then fell on 
th«m. and gained an easy but complete 
vii-r. ry. 'I'hi" legion ever after wua 
cniieii the " Ihuaderiug Legion." It ia 
almost incredible, but we are assured 
thafc these Tery Christiana were all 
maTtrred not long after for being 
Christian.*, and the 10th of March is 
•et apart in honour of the forty martyrs. 
— Dion Otssias, Roman Uisttirf/^ bk. Ixsi. 
8; Kiisehitt.y. Kcdesiasiical HiUorgf hk»Y. 
6 ; Meiaphmstei», Lives, etc. 

Tbcr» iMjr «ttn b* am) In Bom* • rccnrd of Utii 
"nilrscla'* on Ukr b&- rrliff <if tb« oulumn •«( AiKnniriu*. 
The koaiao* are r<'|<rrwiitr<l with thtU ami^ in Ihrlr 
hnmf^, atKi tH* tinrtMtriari't art* "ifrptchi^i on thfr ^oiind 
*»iiti llnir tior--* lrtr|llr«l at thr ll)iir>'l<r nl><t UtlMnlhit. 
Mwcu» Auri'liu* cerUUnlf wruta to Um wiiala at Hum* 

■totliic thM hit •nM|^ at tta folai «f Si rt fc, hail tasa 

mni bf th» iKwyan of taaw CbiMtaa mMttm. 

mijali spirited away. 

1 KnraaSTllL 13. ObadUb was nent by king 
Abah to appmhvtid UUah, and tbe |in>ph<>t 
told him la 80 and tell lbs hlag, Behold. Kiyab 
la beta. Tbeti OlMdlab lemonMrated wlUi the 
prophet. %nd wid. As roon ax I am gone, tbe 
8|>irit of {• (■ b'Ol hh:tU carry thev wlmli- r 1 
kno4' not; iinrl whfii Aliatj loiuc aiiJ caniiul 
fiud thef . be wUI Piny iii'- 

Acts vlli. When I'lullp had ba|itiwd tbe 
aenuch. ihe spirit of Un- I.or>l cuuKi>t bim 
away, nn^^ tbe euuucb mw bim ut> man;. 

8t. Antony carried fnun Padua to 
Lisbon and back tvfam tn one d'y. St. 
Antony wishing to attend the trial of 
fail father, who was charged with ninder, 
an »in_'. I i-arried him from Padua to 
Lisbon, where he was present at the 
trial, and Uien hack afsnin to Padua, in 
one day.— Edwaid Kincaman (1028), Imm 
of the Stuntf. 

St. Maidijc of Femaconteyed from Ireland 
to Rome cmd book agam m one duji (a.d. 
iilSj. On m«mU», St. Maidoe dcoTa 



from Ireland to Rome and back again ia 
one day. [ We are not told what ha drttrei, 

nor yet now he crosjwnl the water. 
Probably '* the Spirit of the Lord carried 
him."] — Barini^GoBld, Um «f «• 
Sanih, Jan. 31. 

-67, lit'^litntit carried duriiitj sleep from 
Roine to Sura (third century). St. 
Kestitata waa the daughter of a ttoman 
patrician named Gthet, and was a Ghriiu 
tian. The deril said to her, " Restituta, 
vou think to escape from mv hands ; bat 
know this shall not be. at leaat withont 
blood." So saying, he drew a pwnrd, and 
suid, ** This sword I shall eotruat to one 
of my people, and I will bid him run yoii 
througn with it, if you attempt to escape 
me.*' Ttestitnta, somewhat frigfatenM, 
made the »i'^n nf the cross, wiyinj;, "Let 
God arise, and let His enemies be scat-* 
tered ; let them that hate Htm flee before 
Him." At these words the devil fled. 
Then said Restituta, " Arise, O Lord, and 
succour Thy ser\'ant who trusteth in 
Thee." Whercu{Mni Jesus Chriit came to 
her visibly, and said to her, " Why art 
thou di-i(juii ted, IJostituta? Hopeinfiod. 
He is thy Succour and Defender. Know 
you not that the detril ia a liar, and the 
father of lies? Hear me. To mi ;rrM«', at 
daybreak, go to Sora, and there \nuUi the 
creature with tlie Creator." Restitutn 
replied, " I dare not venture alone from 
home, and kn<»w not where Sora is." 
" I will be with thee," said Christ, "and 
will send an angel for thy guide." Kcxt 
morning, aeeoraingly, she went to thn 
ljit<Tan. and there »w the nnpjel waiting 
f.T iier. lie saluted lu-r. and hade her 
«li«ej> awhile, as Sora was forty miles off. 
So she slept; and while she slept, the 
angel transported her to Sora. — Acta 
Sanetontm (OoUaadiata), toL tL Hay 

Elijah's Chariot. 

3 Kings ii. II. It came to paM, a^ Klijuh 
aiid KlisUa ^^ent on ulkliig.tbat there appeared 
a cb^riot of fire, and boraea of tire, and parted 
tbea aaundcr ( and £U)aa went up by a wbirl* 
wind Into heaven. 

3 Kings vl. IS-IR. The Una of Syria sent 
hor«cH, arKl chaHota. simI a greiA noat, to eneom- 
pa»8 tbe dly where Kllsha wan, in order to take 
him priwiier. KlWia's aerviinl ukl to hlii», 
Alfts, mv master! bow sbalt we do? ElWba 
T»-pli<il. Vtar tiol. And pre*etitly tbe servant 
l« h.-iit (iiAt iIk' luoantain wan full of boiataand 
cbanota of lire, round abuut VMahA. 

St. Gertnnnfis of StyUtand cro».*»* IA* 
firdiah cUaanel inach^iriot (lifth t t titiiry). 
St. Gennanoa of Scotland wiahed to go to 
Franca to hia wmmkMt lUkMp « 



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132 



ELIJAH'S TRANSLATION— ELlSnA AND THE AXE. 



Auxerre. W hen he ^ot to the coast, there 
WM no ve.<«ftel tn carrA' him RcroM, go he 
prayed God to sciul him the means of 
transit. As he was still pray in;;, there 
appeared upoD the sea a chariot and hom^es 
comiog towards him. Having entered 
tb« cnariot, he was lifted into tfa« air, 
tran8|)orted across the thiinncl in a 
moment, and set down at Flaniuienville, 
close by Dieppe. The Dieppoise thon^^ht 
it was either Neptune or a itinirifinn ; hut 
certain miracles which the saint wruu^ht 
ammuf them- convinced them of Uieir 
nietMe, end Ave hundred were «oon 
m^MtotteChriitiao fluth.— Oorblet, 

Slijali's Vraaslattoii. (See 

AiioEi^ CARRY Souls to Hkaven.) 

a Kuioa U. When £UMh w«a about 

ta Icaw tbtoeattb EUaha waa wlOi him. and be 
tried to indMt SlMw to urry behind while he 
went forward to Bethel, J«ilcbo» and the riwr 

JoriUu. KllKha refiisod to quit the prophet, m> 
tbey |iiifW4d uvi-r the river tnficthfr Having 
tt'inc Ui the ulber -iilc. •' Im Ii.iKI, a chariot <-f ltr»' 
and hiirso« of tip'" iiiipe.iri il .iihI ** partt^l the 
two aMiiider, and Klijah m up |iy .» v. hirl»iii<i 
Into h«'a%t'n." 'I'Ihmi cried hiiislm. My fath«^r, 
my f .ther, the char>i.t of iHrnel, and the lu>rs«'- 
nico ihercHif. Aim! be took up the ouuitte 
whkfa fell from Elijah, and went h«ck effkln 
the Jordan. 



The translation of St, J'aui, the fir$t 
hermit, by St. Antomff (a.d. '64-2). 
Vn\\\ thr lierinit wuH 11,'? yeiifM old, nnd 
Antony, the only dther liennit, wan ninety. 
Antony was led up by the Spirit to viMt 
Paul a little before hia death. Taul, 
wishing to get rid of his visitor, or to 
save him the p'lin of witncssin)^ his 
death, entreated hioi to go and fetch the 
meaCle of Athonaiiu which was preserred 
in a neighbouring convent. Antony 
made all the ha^tc poHitible, and returned 
with the mratle, but as he drew near the 
hermit's cave, he beheld a com|iany of 
angels, prophet?, and a[>ostles bearing up 
to heaven the soul of the departed li» r- 
mii. " Paul, Paul ! " cried Antony, 
tiirowinif dust over his head and weeping, 
why have you left me thus ? So lately 
met, and so soon parted ! " Then, entering 
Hie cell, he found the body of tlie 
kneeling on its knees, with its 
uplifted towards heaven. lie 
tilOOght at first it was living, and in 
pnyer; but. hearing no sigh, he felt 
•esntod that it was deid. He wrapped it 
in the mantle heliad hrnntjht, and winhed 
to bury it, but had neither strength to 
lifl ik'noraiuaot dinhM Agl»v«i In 



this perplexity he knelt in prayeri 
askiiq^ml of Christ, nnd presentl7 two 
linni^ appeared in sight. They cams 
dirt ct to the dead bodv, and, twisting 
tlieir tJiils round it, carried it out of the 
cave : tliey then set to work to scratch » 
deep hole in the earth, lovingly lifted the 
hody into it, and i-oviml it decent'y 
with the soil. The work of interment 
being accomplished, tike two lions 
approached St. Antony with h^dc 
abased, wagging their taiLs and shaking 
their enr.M. They licked the hands and 
feet of the old hermi^ asking, as pUinly 
as they eonld do so, for bis Moedietion, 
St. Antrmy understood them, and hold- 
ing bis hands over their beads, said. 
Saviour of the world, who allowest not 
a hair of the head to fall, nor sparrow to 
die, williout Thy hidditig, give to these 
lions what in Thy wisdom llion *ee«^ 
beat for them." Then, making in the air 
the sign of the cross, hedbmissed then ; 
and so they left him, roaring nioumfiilly 
to express their grief. Antony returned 
to hie cell, taking with him tlie raiment 
of leaves worn by the deceiised, and this 
he continued to wear ever after till the 
day of bis death. 

Wi mdir ■Hmnooi BMTBthrt b tikai ftwa It, 
Jaram*. wkowlliicf SC Paul Um banaitlMMahnsabMa 

Rci-rptiot M umlitulitnll* KCliuin*. ThiiI dinl A D. S4S, 
mud Hi Jemma lirrd 'H6-4M. Tlie •cfiMint riMt b« rcM 
ill aUii'»t any at tti« niimirrtMM C(Hii)>iliiri>>nf caliait 
" Lhn of tlx- Saiiit»." " \ett of the RaitiU." «Oil to on. 
Bt. Jcrunie cuiidi*l«« the life wiUi Utne wonls : " I( Irid 
0«« iM Um ctiotaab I «aul4 InflnlMljr 
luMtot PMd Hm iMnril. tutOi I ba ntiumtd i 
hknartta. lotfe*aM*Mlrnitoa(tto| 
ortbiwtb." 

misha and the Axe. (SeeGBAvi- 

TATtnN, etc.) 

2 KiN(:8 vi. 6-7. A^ one wa.'< ftlliiig a beam 
on the batnkfi of the Jonlaii. th>- axe-besd iell 
inio the water; and the tuun cr.eil, Aioi^ 
moflter! for the axr uas b-HTowetl. And til* 
man of Uud said. Where fell it; And the man 
sliowed the prophet the place. I'bea Kllsba 
cut down a attck, and cast It Into the river, and 
the Iron did swim. Then said he to the weed- 
man. Take it up to thse. And he p«t forth hie 
baud, and took it. 

St. Betudid of Mmmi Owraio maibe M# 

hr'td of (in itxr, jchlch had ftillen into a 
i'tfw, ji<j<it into Us haiuile (a'.d. 480-643). 
The monastery of St. Clement was 
situated on the bank of a lake. One day 
a novice, who was a Goth, was emplorea 
in clearing the bunks of thi.t lake, and 
used so much violence, that the head of 
his axe flew off into the water. 8*. 
Benedict went at once to the loke, and, 
holding the end of the haft in the water, 
Um irm head rose to the tiufMe. toe 



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Pr. I.] 



EUSIIA AND THE MOABITK. 



fitted itwlf finnly into the handle. St. 
Bmadict gKve the axe to the (ioth, and 

bo/Je him jjo on with hi?< wnrk. — St. 
Grejjory the (irtat^ iJinluijwa^ l»k. ii. 

St. Otrard make* a rett^ptarift which h<ui 
Imn dropped into a rtof r, r»M agaiH to the 
surface (a.d. 994). The emperorOtto II. 
of tiennanv sent for St. Gerard, bishop of 
Tool, lespeeiing the aS»in of the Church. 
Wbil« on tiiie MoMlIe, oppodto Doin- 
luartin, his clerk, wishinjr to wash his 
hands, leaned over the boat, and the 
reliquarv (which he put upon the Heiit) 
rolled into the river. St. Gerard saw the 
emperor, accomfdished his miMion Wtjs- 
factorily, and on his return stripped the 
boat opposite Dommartia. After a short 
prayer, he put bia liand into tiie river, 
the* relicjuary ro!*e to the surfioe, and he 
drew it in. Thi* miracle, which was seen 
bv all who accompanied the bishop, not 
a' little amazed them.— Father Benedict, 
Life of St. Gerard (1700). 

St. Leufredas mikcn an arr jlyit m the 
freer Eure (a.d. 738). One of the mooks 
«f La Croix, havinj; dropped hie axe in the 
TWi T F.ure, told Leufrf«lii^ of the juvi'lont. 
The oaint went to the river, put the end 
of hie stieli beto the water, and forthwith 
the iron axe ooming to the surface, fixed 
iticlf securely on the end of the utick, 
and was drawn out.— Mgr. Gn^rin, Vie* 
dee Samtti voL rii. p. 

81. Wutfrtm moAra a $Uter paten float 
on the SCI (a.d. 647-720). As St. 
Wulfnu was sailing from Caadebec to 
Frieia, St. Vaodo whila at mass dropped 
the paten into tho sea, while wining it. 
8t. Wulfran told liim to put his hand in 
the sea, and immediately the silver paten 
was booyed up into hie hand, and he drew 
it ont of the water, to theastoaiehuent of 
all those in the ship with him. This 

miracle" is quite certain, for the very 
paten was carefully preserved in the 
monastery of St, Vandrille till 1621 
(above a thousand veare). when it was 
Stolen.— i;abb^ Corblet, Magiogr^thif of 
the DUkvs^ of AmU-m. 

In Chri.tijui «rt. Um |«nUlel brtwe^n WotlMi and 
Bii^ui i< fUUnMndoHlrMio*^ IiuMmI of BL Vmdo 
putting bU Iwnd tola tlM Wulfrma b r i pW M n Md m 
cartiBX * "If' tho fid* q( (h« rwrl. and Ui« pauti 
g PB rt M •■ T»kc It In. VaihIo." mUiI the blittup. iMtd Uicn 
k wM that Vaado. Uka Um woodaiaB, pm out kit band 

iMiactnipvian. 



a band of mon. und cist the d«ad MftaMte IlitO 

th" -. puirli;.- of Kli''ha. And whi-n h" was |sfr 
(luwii aitd touched ttie twnm of EUa^ ha 
' loBhlefiML 



aiislia and the MoaMto. (See 

DkaD BAI8BD TO LiKK.) 

2 Kirae xilL Se^ at. And Elisba died, and 
fbcy Mirled htaa. And It osme to pium •» the 
Mo&bites. who tnvaded tbe UMid at Um oomioK 
laoCtba jsar. vsca burying a aeOk they splsd 



A t/o»n j fn/in, cast into thr <!r'ire of St. 
Cj/rit (aeneral of Mount Carinel)^ i» 
restored to tife (a.d. 1224). A yonnjc 
man who had odiuc from Typnn to the 
Holyl^nd, \ie<l aboard ship, and lhepili>t 
of the vcHSfi jjave the Imly to the monlct 
of Mount Carinol to bury. Till the frrara 
was ready, they laid the bo«ly on the 
tomb of .St. Cyril, their late j^cncral ; and 
immediately the dead body of tbe young 
man touched the eaint'e tmnb it came to 
lift', and crieil with a loud voice, 'Tyril 
ha.s restored me to life, and reserved me 
for a better." The young man now 
joined the Carmelites, and lived with 
theui for twelve vears. — M>,'r. (iiurin, 
Vies de$ Saints, vol.' iii. p. 202 HSW)). 

A blind man reooucr * ht$ sight bif touching 
the hody of Kdwardihe Martyr (a.d. W8- 
{17H). Kdward. kint; nf KiiLrlatvl. h'lvin;; 
reigned three years and a half, went out 
hnntiof in the forest near Wareham, in 
Dorsetshire ; and, li( inu""^nipwh.it wfury, 
paid a visit to his .«*f«'pmotlier, I'.lfrida, at 
Corfe Castle. Elfrida, pretending to be 
glad to see him, went out to meet him, 
and offered him a cup of wine ; bnt while 
hi' drank, yhe stabbed him, and he died. 
Elfrida then draped the body into the 
cottage of a blitM^man, tbinkiofr to hide 
her crime ; but the moment the body 
came nrar the blind man his eyes were 
o|)ened, and at midni^jht he saw a great 
light, which lightened the hut in which 
the body was. When Elfrida heard of thie 
miracle, she threw the body into a swamp, 
but, as Alban Kutler says, **it was dis- 
covered by a pillar of ItKht, and honoured 
by many niiiracles" (March 1 Raronius, 
Anmils; I'olydore Vergil, Enjiish IJis* 
tory. 

A hoy loho had been drowned restored 
to life bij beintj placed on the tomb of flit. 
Oertnute. A child fell into a well and 
was killed ; but, being taken out, was laid 
on tbe tomb of St. Gertnide, late abbeee 
of Nivelle-4. Tin* mother did not believe 
Uiat St. Gertrude could do anything for 
her, but a nun said, ** O great saint, now 
make manifest th^ power of thy merits." 
No soonor wt-re the words uttered, than 
the dead child rooovcredlta life.— SttfittB, 
lAtfes of the SaitUs, 

A dead girl reoeais where the body of 
St. Fri^li'in was hnnVd >.n. 810). St. 
Fridiao died in the sixth century ; bul 
I aftw n time U» ptoea fl< tua- f 



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114 MJSHA CALLE D BALD-P 

was lost sight of. Some three Imndrni 
V«Ar8 Afterwards a younij girl died, and, 
being buried, cried out aloud, ''Take me 
swav, take ne away ; the body of St. 
Fridian lies hen- 1 'I ^irl was ro- 
moved to another ^rn\ v^ uud the bones of 
8t; Fridian were thus miraculuuslv dis- 
covered. — Ecclesiastical J/istor;/ of Lucca. 

The dead <Kx/y of St, Malach}/ restores a 
%r{tl,a<(l /i.tiui (li iK). St. Malachy of 
Armagh died Nov. 2, 1148, at the ago of 
flfty-foar, and was boHed next day. St. 
Ik'rniird, mIio .i n-;t<,I in the ccn-iiionv, 
saw in the crcwii r hul with a withered 
band ; and as the body of St. Malnchv 
paHHed by, he tourlicil the withrrcd Land 
against the dead body, and forthwjtli it 
received its full vigour. Thus was ittliat 
the dead body of the saint gave life to 
a dead arm. St Benuud himfelf has 
recorded this miracle ; and he also 
mentioned it in his funeral Bermoo.— St. 
Bcniard, Li/c of 8i, Mahckif of Armajh. 

A dead fiii l rcstf^rd to fife >j// touching 
the dcitd body vj tt. I in/fViW (a.u. 610). 
When the funeral proceadon of St. 
Viigiliut arrived at tbe grave, and the 
ffemaiiis of the pontiff were about to be 
lifted tJifrcin, all of % sudden came 

I»er8ons carrying the bodv of one dead, 
t was that of a young girl, tbe only child 
ftf luT mother, and she w.ns n vriduw. 
The bearers, out of hrcath, iui|)iored the 
cletgy to let the d« iul body touch that of 
tbe deceased prelate. The'pernns.^ion was 
panted, and at a given signal all the 
imnii f, . rowd fill on tlu-jr knees, wait- 
ing U» bee what would happen. Forth- 
with the Kyrie Eteimn was intoned ; a 
thousand voices or more took up the 
cliant, and ftt the seventh repetition, tbe 
yonnggirl roj-e on her feet in tlie presence 
of the whole multitude. A tihiiii<h r ran 
ttirough the crowd, a silence ensued 
linl>roken l>y a single sound, then a 
sudden reaction took place, a shout of 
joy bniat forth, the fnneral hymn was 
changed to a gong of praise, the fumrnl 
procession to a march of triumph. 1 he 
re:^iisL itated damaelf pressed on all sides 
by the crowd, went hoineward'9. m inp: 
as she went along, "O blessed hi^liop! 
O good and holy |>astor ! How am 1 tliv 
debtor I How powerful thy merits ! Well 
bast thou shown thy inheritance to 
eternal life in givin;; nir- Iiack to life." 
Dinet, &iint Si/mphurten d Auiun, 

Ih0 para/;/ tic daw]bteT of the ftoron de 
Jfimiet healed bi/ tonclilwi the shrine of H. 
HW/ron, archbishop of Sens (A.n. 1G87). 
8t. Walliw d»4 A,t>. 720. For 9^ 



rE-HEALS TIIF, WATKH. [r*T. 1. 

years ' ' miracles " had faonoured bis shrine, 
and have not yet ceased. Father <jiry 

says, ".Ml Picardy kuowK about the niirs'- 
culous cure of the daughter of Mi>ncby, 
l>aron of Nismes. litis yoang hidy had 
been paralyzed for several montJiH, and 
was wholly unable to move or 6i«ak. 
Tn this state she was carried to the shrine 
of St. Wulfran to pay her devotions. 
While thus employed her limbs leeoveied 
their full strengtli, and lier ton^^ue its 
speech, so that slie returned to the con- 
vent of Bertaii uri in perfect health." 
Father Giry saw ber himself, and relate* 
tliis miracle. 

At St. Wuirrmn'i. Ahh*ir(He. Uxtv wm fonnerif a 

lil|■.•^t^v hni'pfna^ In f»>-TU» fiw rmii|«rftn. ut. , , ni. 

IMirtiiiPUt )>f r|«-tijii(iii^. n'liiir :, ,t rl, n^H ^ 

lihiriaa, mua • tnlr »p<citnpn of ttxi verM* niucheil 
One wIjo l>y licminf he Uwt h*r %lit 
It l))r Ibr «Unr i. r n t to Iigbl ; 
Tlie (Muviitn. tsitatl> iiiAMrl infc 
(MlbrltiK?< to St W iilfr.in l.nint. 

TIUi pket ot ta|iMtT7 in titt »ta of Ui« it«fulutlon wm 
UMRl MSwofM* dWMiMliI* l« l^trU. Itvu UiMi t-rn 
liiin tatttn. ttirawn Inia a matntrj, and bo om and to 

(ti»lhtr up tJir fmBmfiitj. 

Slisha called Bald-p«te. 

2 KtxGs fl 33. 24. Eliaba went to Bethel ; 
and as he wob golof up bjT tbe way, thrie came 
forth liUle children oat of tbe dty. wlio said to 
him. Oo np, thoa liald b* ad ; go up. thon 
hftui. Aiid Kllsha tuined buck, and looked on 
tlioin. and cursed thein in the nHUie of the Lord. 
And th- rf . niTif )..rth two sbe-bt ikis mit of the 
wood, aiid tare forty and two chlldr<-ii of iLem. 

5^. I^tfndxts called bald-patt (a.d. 13t<). 
One day St. l^ufrediis was fishing in the 
Kit re, which ran close by bis monastery* 
when a woman muttered to herself, '*Tms 
liahl-pnte will exhaust the river, so that 
tl»ere will bt no more lishing." She never 
thought the saint would hear her, hut 
Uod brought the word.-< to the ears of the 
flsher, deeming every insult to His ser- 
vants an insult to Himself. "Woman," 
said Leufrcdus. " why envy me * good 
common to all ; and why mock me for 
baldness, which is no fatilt of mine, but 
& work of nature. Pray God that you 
and all your race be as baraof hairbdiind 
your head as I am on the pnte." 'I his 
curse intinedialely took ellect : the woman 
was instantly bald on tiie hind part of har 
head, and the same digfigurcment was 
hereditary.— Mgr. Gn^n, Vie§de$ Sumtt, 
voL vii. p. 199, 

Elisha heals the Water ol 

Jericho. 

2 Kixca U. 19-23. When EUsba was sC 
JetfchObsadvss told the water wm net flt ta 



I 1^ 



Digitized by Google 



Tr. 1.1 



ELTyCIU S RESTORED TO LIFE. 



drinlt. 1m' l>ad< tli« man wbo loUl liim to f< t<:li a | 
fi< w rrii.v. aiKl nut mU iLon-in I'li. ti went 
KU«li>4 lO lite oprlng of WHtor. ari.| ca'-t llir salt ' 
lh<>rein, and i>aid, Ttni'* Ruitii ttic l nnl, I Iia^o 
braled therc watt m So tbe watern were healed 
unto tbU day, aooovfiag to lh« Mying of KlMba 
which be apake. 

/rancil Xavier heals Ka-vmter awl 
meUbes it ft to drmk, " Many tnOT« Mid 

strung:*' mimrlc^ won- wmn^'hr Xavirr, 
a,* when, witli the si^n nf the cri):*s, ho 
tamed Milt spn-w(\tor into fresh sweet 
water, thftt he nnd those with him mij^ht 
not }>eri*h of thirst, in a dry land where 
there w.ts no water. . . . &Iany like 
kbiogs did be, as mav be read at large in 
ttie ttamtive made in fhe Consiftory.**— 
Cardinal de Monte, .^/•'-r'^h h^fiTc (in- ;<irti 
XV » at the jfrocest of Canonisation^ 
Jan. 1», 16SS. 

Butjchus restored to Life. 

Act* XX 9-12. While I'aul at Trua.s he 
preach' (1 tu tbe diMriplea ; aiul tht-n' s.it in a 
M liidow a > f rtiiln young man, namni Kulycbus. 
A« the v rtii'>n wa» very long, Kutvchus Ml 
asleep, ami ttimblrd out of ili« window, »hicli 
waa in the third Mory, Into the Mr««'t He wan 
taken updcadi bal Faal went to bim. fell on 
bim, and cnblMeing bin, WM totbe brntandert, 
l^uble set yenrKelvee. fbr the life \» to bim. 
And tbe diael|klei bioagbt tbt young nan aU«e 
flnto tbe boeoeX end were not a Uttle eem- 
forted. 

St. Catherine of Sudden restores to life 
a c^Kirlitiuin tr/io had falli-n frmn Ins f'<>x 
(fourteeotb ceotuiy). A man in the 
•vile of St CaAeme of Sweden, over* 

taken with sleep, fell fr ;ri In- 'oach-box 
on his heaii, nnd the wiieels of the 
CMiiagc ^Miit over him. The princess, 
beinjj; told of tlie accident, %vcnt to tlie 
man, touched his hand, And he ruse im- 
mediately, safe nnd Hotind. 

At aootber time a workman fell from 
tiie roof of a home on the pavement, and 
was so mutilated by the fnll tlmt he 
could not be removed. St. Catherine 
■imply touched the body, and the innn 
was perfectly restored, insomuch that he 
was able to return to his work the same 
day. — ^I lphd (a Hriirittine monk ). Life <>f 
St. CatAerin€ of Sweden (written 1411 ; 
thirty yeart after her death). 

St. M<tur rt: stores n broken arm, thattered 
by a Jaii truin a hbjh tower (a.I>. 612- 
684). SL Maurwas sent by St. licncdict, 
abbot of Mount ("nssino, to foiiiul the 
monai^tery of Cilnnfcuil. When lie reaelied 
Verceii, one of hi« cnn)}iani()ns, named 
Barderade, went to inspect a high tower, 
•od fellfion ^ lopto tiitbottnni. Th» 



hi<*|rrn()herH of St. Maur sav, No doubt 
he w!iH puslied down by the malice of 
Satan." Dreadfully hntiwl, and more 
than half dead, he wa.« taken it* the town, 
and the phvsician.H unanimonsiv declared 
be must iose bis arm, which was eo 
flraetttred in several placei as to be past 
nil hope of remedy. St. Maiir went to 
see his companion. He touched "with 
anoiMl of the true cro>is, given bim.aan 
sotjvcnir by St. lUnedict," the «;everftl 
artik of his fneiid'a arm and body which 
ad received injury, and no sooner had 
he done so, than the wounds, bmises^ and 
fnMtnrea were all healed, and Harderadn 
rose to his feet perfeetly cured. This 
miracle soon got bUzed abroiul, and so 
great was the crowd which assembled 
daily to see St. Maur, that he deemed it 
expedient tu witlidraw from VercoU with- 
out delay. — Odo of tilaafeuil, Zi/i Ojf Bt, 
Mawr ( A.D. 868). 

8t. Mfaw restore* to life a hoy who had 
f.iUrn fmm n sotffold (a.d. 612-684). 
While Uie i Monastery at Bertulfe was a> 
building, a boy onl^r «ght years of a^ 
the son of Florus, viscount of Austrasui, 
fell from a hi^h scaffold on a heap of 
building stones. Every one thought hn 
was killed, for blood poured from several 

rsrts of his n)an);lcd body. St. Maur, 
neelint^ beside tlie hid, prayed, and made 
over him Uie sign of tbe cross ; whero- 
u|>on the lad rose up, perfectly restored. 
T>iP fnther nverjoviii, exclaimed, *' O 
father, thou art iudeed a worthy disciple 
of St. Benedict. We have never Itefore 
seen the like of this." — Odo of Glanfeoil, 
Life of St. Maur (a.i>. HM). 

Thcr«»tonttl'Mi of ll'<- t.i ji.'r*>ri» w(>f> tiail fM>n ftnm • 
hi-lxhl WM the i .111} <'f St. M.uir . a< il>r iiiuhljvjfc*. 
tj'>n nf (uud thv kixciAlitr <if Si. Ttir<iili»lu« lit* 

CrenoblaKb ; the rereplton o< th« raciukmt ttom tbe 
luMMit of aaeirii Mat of MmMbos Kotlka t and w 
liMidet thefdMNiitesHM. «wtb»n«afaltoa •( Swjrio^ 
who Ml fruiH hli lione wl.lU crwilaf lb* Atp* : H. mST 
rvftursd btm to balth lii4ai>taMadbkaMnlrlqraHftlat 
over him the »%ti of th« enym. 

St. I'iburtiUb- rc-^iorcs to life a youtt^j imm 
kUledbi/ a fall. St . I iburtine eaw a young 
roan who nad fallen from a fijtAt height, 
and was so mutilated that his father and 
mother were about to biiry him. St. 
Tiburtius coming up, said to the oareots, 
" Give me leave to speak a worn or two 
to your son ; it seems to m" that all hope 
of bis recovery must not be abauduned.'* 
'Dien, saying the Pater Jfoster and the 
Credo over the young man, he had the 
satisfaction of seeing him revive, stand 
on Ids feet, and go to his parents in 
perfect health. — Life of St, Stba st it m 
(from the paUic ngutm)* 



Digitized by Google 



FAST OP FORTT DATS— flQ TRKR WITHERED. 



[Pr. i. 



Fast of Forty Daya or more. 
(See Mr Flbsh is Mkat iiidbbd.) 

Matt. |v. i. 2. .To-m was up of Uw 
Spirit intc thf v» ili1oriif*i to be tcinpt'-d uf the 
d-vil; aiHl wli. n II.' hii.t f:i!st<Hl lorty d.iys utid 
fi>rt . iiiKl.t-, He wttM ali«rwartlfi ail liungcrcd. 

K\<>ii xxxlv. M. And Mown wm there [on 
thr aiounij forty dajrn and forty nixbta He 
(li t neither eat bread, nor drink water. 

Dkct. ix. 18. AOer the tabiea of the Uw 
were (Token. Moms says, I tell down iMfbrs 
tbe Lord, as at tlio flni^ fbrijr dajs and forty 
nddiUt I dU aritber sat biMd, nor drink 



pOMlMIItT of fMtinc forty A»f» and f.irtjr nigliU. 
Without mlntctilo u »)d. »,n prured in by Dr. "niniMr 
of Knr York, who unduubbMUy kwk no lood durlns all 
ttMt tlo*^ Afw Um bMt bo SM miiiil). Mid won 
rMMonrf. hh tall umiflih. Of Mom It b mU. be not 
only took no food, but alao tb«t "h^dmrik no watrr.- 
Dr Tiiitiof Wat ultowfHl to drink waier. but n<it to U\kt 
fo.«J It VHi a bet whkh ha fairly wi.n. Ttir record* of 
the Towrr tifntlon ■ .^cutchniAii, lrii[iri-.iirnsi foe hlonf, 
uad atrUtlf waui>rd la tiwt (octrrai for six wwkt. who 
took iw tast wkstsw* sai on IMs aeoount obtain*! 
hb Midda. Hm -SiMlnc WNiMa of Rom.- dvcrlbwl 
•jrTMiasiiL rqunli auy of the wUntt in ab«tin«ice ; and 
•MlUUf^l Atinr yUfirr, tha " hsUn| wonuB of TMbury." 
•■ctf<i t>r i>r. Ataoaate Handmoa. nc tlio 

lOf >>"<:n'hrnwtlbaaifnVlMOMlr«MBblSdaM 

flit. fhinei$ of Paula fasts fordj dt'/s 
arul f,;rt>j tii'j/itx (A.r». Hlfi-loOr). St. 
Francis of I'auia always oboerved L«nt 
with the prescribed rigour, but on one 
occasion at Icnst he nlistuined wholly 
from food and drink for the wlxilc fr.rty 
days, in imitation of oar Savi<nir. Mus. h, 
Elijah, and Simeon the pillar suint. The 
p<)|)o, in his bull of canonization, savh uf 
liitn, "he Hoems not to have bad a body 
like other men, but to be only • pure 
•pirit in httmu fonD."— PaAer Giry, 
Acts of Ctinonization, 

St. Peter Ceiestine fttsts furty (Liys and 
forty nufhts (a.d. 122l-129t;). St. Peter 
Celestioe, before he entercfl into Imly 
orders, lived in a cave, "ft il (>)»ser\-a en 
vr lieu an jeune jM-rfx^tuel durunt trois 
ans."— i>< PeliU JkMandiMiet, vol. vi. 
p. 21. 

After h* WM niade prif^t Iv Vrj t f .nr I.<-nt» every yr«r. 
In thcie ItW dayi he ate dry IiUlW lirutd ouce in Ibrco 

^ 8mmm ^yiites fasts forty days and forty 
nijfMSm IKtneon, the pillar saint, retired 
to A hut in Tf'lanf»39UH, and tried t<i in- 
dnoe St. Blaise to close up the door, and 
leave him there for forty days and forty 
ni;:hts. St. Bliii«c warned him, that to 
die by one'a own act is no virtue, hut a 
crime. " Put, then, ttD Imvos and a 
cruse of water in the room ; and if I tind 
myself sinking, I will partake of Ihcm." 
At the end of forty days. t!ie hut was 
openedi but the bread and water were 
Siiatott by motionlsssi 



able to move or speak ; but blaisa 
moistened his lips, gave him tht 
eucbarist, and he revived. — H:iring- 
Gould, Lives of the Satnts, Jan., p. H. 

Fig Tree withered. 

Matt x\I. 19. Jesus »ald to the rtg tTNk Let 

no Tniit t;row cti tliet- li.-m d,,, t h f,.r ctST. 
prcsfutly the tig tret; wiUieud tiway, 

St. lAvhai$ curses an <iider tree and 
all t/w aiders die ^a.d. 540). One day 
Uubais, wishiQg to cross « rivei^ 



St 



entered a ferry-boat made of alder-wood. 

While he was in the Ko.u the >i(ks ^'Hve 
way, and the saint waa thrown into the 
river. He was much inoonimod«i bf 
the accident, and »aid, " I.et no .alder tree 
grow in this nei-^hbourhood henceforth 
for evi-r." Ami nresently all the alder 
trees of the whole commune withered 
away. Tb« abbot RdUaad says this is 
"line tmdition popnlairs^" bat mlda, " ce 
qui est certain, c'estqa*oii voit uo seul 
nrbre dc cctte espboe dans tout le territoirs 
de la commune, atqoe toim conx qn'on a 
essaye d y plaat» soDt morts."— L abb^ 
H.dland, LtOtr to Jtgr, (Mrmt llanb 
18, 1679, 

At St. Vater^t bidding a young monk 

t^nrhrs a hw/e ttafi, awl it fails n it't a crash 
(A.I). (319). Not far from Bresle iiL 
Valery observed an enormotts oak, oq 
which were cut a number of fmt;ftn 
images, which were held in adoration 
by the people in tiie \ i < 1 a 1 ty. St. Valery 
told a yoong monk who was with him 
to go and push the tree down. The 
youiiK disciple lm<i daily witnensetl m 
many miracles perlormed by his master, 
tliat he went at onoe, and, toodting the 
tree with his tinjjer, it fell with a 
tremendous crash. The people in the 
neighbourhood were stupened ; but aftev 
a while, arming themselves with batcheta 
and sticks, they ran to assail the two 
C'hristians. St. Val( ry moved not, but 
stood perfectly quiet and composed. The 
fury of the mob subsided, aod the saint, 
availing liiitiself of this chancre of 
t^'mper, pnaehed to them Christ and Him 
crueitied. Hiii preaching was with power, 
the whole mob was converted, and a 
Christian church was forthwith erected 
on the Hpot where the o-ik had stood.— 
^im^n (1854;, Les 6uitUs dt Franch 

Fixe IimocuouB. (SeeSiiADRACu.) 

Is4. xliii. 3. Whm tboQ walksat thfou|b 
the flrs,tboasiiaU not beharati ~ ~ 

upon I ■ 



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Pr. 1.7 viva: IN! 

inrwcHOUS to ^it. Qttherinc of Sierut 
(A.D. 1S17-1S«0). Onee, when St. 
Catberioe whs sitting bffv^re a larjrp fire 
watching the roaj^t, fell to the tluor 
in an ecstasy. Her »ister-ia-1«w was by 
at th« time, but, having oftio Men her in 
these flts, took no notice of her. In dne 
tinie tliPinfat wii-* Bervoil in the refet tory, 
and the siater-in-law, on cominjf back to 
Ibe kttdi«Q, aaw Calbeffine ntUnir «m the 
firr. Sh«' fully expected to find her 
drouif iijly burnt; but, to her aiuazeuient, 
Bet only WHS CAtfaeriae uninjured, but 
even her clothes were not ciojged* 
biographer naively remarks, " The fire of 
holiness, whi<*h blazed in hvr lirnrt, 
neutralized the heat of the bumincfuel." 
—Raymond of Capua (her eMmtivr), 
jAfe of St. Catherine of Siem. 

Onr li •hull)' Bt n li>« fo imrtcnrlAiul how nirh an 
trwinr Act u thl). prpuiiilnE It tii It Irur. cam IM 

juatiOad, mock lea oonmcndwi m « proof o( hn l tnti. 

St. Oaihering of 5!SnMt, pmhed mto th4 

fr'-, r -ti'r<;* nu tnjitri/ ix.\>. l;517-13SO). 
Uae day Satan, in his ragu against bt. 
Catherine, poshed her into a roasting fire. 
AH who saw it pcrcamrd with fri^'hl, iind 
ran to pull her uut ; luit St. l alhenne, 
with the utmost calmnt-HH, walked from 
Ihe flMneiiend even her clothes wen not 
injined.— Ravmottd of c'npua (her eon- 
fesssor), Life of St. Cutfu ruu- •>( S.ena. 

St. rranas of tauia^ w/ich a 6o,v, carried 
oAomI jlrw in hit frock (a.i>. 1429). One 
dftv the sacristan of St. Mark's sent St. 
Francis, then a boy of ihirttt^u yeartt old, 
to fetch (ire for the censors, but gave 
liini nothing to hold it in. Francis held 
out his frock, and carried it thus to the 
sivrri-stan, ami liis froi-k received no snrt 
of injury. — The iiuii and other Docuuu:nta 
of the Canmization of St. Fhmci$ (com- 
piled by Father Gir\'). 

8t, Sojietta curries aU>ui fire in her 
^pnm (a.d. 653). St. Ltmgis was « 
Toung man living at his mooastery in 
uoisselibre, and St. NoHetta or Agnctlctta 
vifiA a youni; woman who fled t<i hun to 
escape beio^ married to • ^oung man 
•ele^ed bfwtr pareota ai tuitable. St. 
Longis took her in and heard her tale, 
**il encouragca sm. r«.*solution, et oomme 
cUen*ftYait |M>int d'asile, il lare^ntdans 
son monaatbre." This, of course, soon 
raised a scandal, and king Clotaire sent 
for them to hoar their lUfi-nco. It w.ii* 
midwinter when they went to present 
themaelvee bcfon the kinfr, and when 
toey reached the palace CI' - lir. aut 
hontiogi While waiting for hkn return, 
8L UsgU eompUimd bitterlj of IIm 



jocuoTTs. m 

I cold, an<i St. Nutletta ran to a I taker's 
shop, a.-kinj? him to gire b«T a few liv« 

I cumIh. The b.-iker said, " Here is fire, 
but you have nothing to carry it in.' 
St. Nofletta tohi him to put it in her 
mpwa ; and, wrapping it op, ahe took it 
to SI. Longis, "et quand le froid qu'il 
re ^1 n' lit fut soiila^ic, Noflt^tfi' rcprit 
dans 300 maotenu U-.s cbarbons emor© 
briUants, et lea ru{iorta an four." When 
riotairp returned from the chase, and 
lieard of tins miracle, he not only quashed 
the charge, but gave large proven tif to 
St. LongM. Apri» eel* iumi deox Muote 
qaiUbmt le palaia, el refinniit It l«ur 
moniisti-ro," and the month of scandal was 
for ever silenced. — ^tta Sitmeti Lcmtuimli, 
No. 7 (from dom Piolin'e vemkm Lgattdk 
JUans). 

St, .^Vtj;*cis of I'aiUa holib jire in hia 
hemds without injwrtf (a.d. 141G-1.'>07). 
The many cone effected miraculously by 
Si. Francis of Pan la stirred up against 

him the pliysi( iiin- f tlie n«'i;;hl>oiirlii> iI, 
who found their clients leaving them in 
all directioQS. They employed Father 
Scozctt.1 to preach against him, and ch:i'_'f^ 
hiiu wiih charlatanism. After preaci)i[i<^ 
for a time against the saint, Father 
Scozetta determined to so to the saint'a 
cell, and there charge him face to face 
with iiiii>ostijre. St. Francis recfivt-d 
the reverend lather with great courtesy, 
but the preacher was very violent and 
abusive. When he had dcn*^ St. Francis 
very quietly took two hundi ub of rod-bo6 
coals in his hands, and, taking them to 
hia visitor, said* " Father Antony, warn 
yonrself, for you have great need." 
Fathi'r Sco/ctia whs aiTia/.«'d to the 
saint hold lire in his hand without being 
burnt, and, easting himself at hia feet, 
bo^^'cd pardon. St. Francis gnvc him 
his baud. Uidt! hiut rist: to his feet, and 
kissed him, saying, Brother Antony, 
man of himself is but a feeble creature 
indeed, but, God helping, he can do all 
things." 

Another imtanoe. In 14<}9 pope Paul 
II. sent one of hia chamberlaine to aaeer- 

tain if the wonderful tliiru- told of St. 
Fni[U'i» were true or not. 1 he chamber- 
lain addreaeed himsc if to the archbishop 
of Coscnza, and the archbishop sent 
Charles l*yrrho, a canon of Cosenza, to 
attend tlie ( luiiiilx rlain to Paula. Thu 
saint was at work, aa usual, with hie 
workmen when the atrangera arrived; 
and wh«;n t!iu « h»mb<'rlaio was about to 
salute him by kisiting his hand, St* 
Fraocie cfied oat| **U would not bt 



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FIRE INNOCrorS: FRANCIS— LEONARD. 



fPT. 1 



Bcemljr for tb« pope** chamberlain, who 
said mass for tiiirtr ycHrs, to kins the 
hand of such a liinntile individual as I 
»m." Tlif flmnilKTliiin >v;is ntu.-tzod that 
i>U Francis knew htm, auU nccuinpanied 
the taint into bia cell. Here the chamber- 
lain fpoke very learnedly of the illusions 
of niiracleit and the danger of dt-lixiiug 
one's self in guch a matter. Then St. 
Fmnet*, walking up to the tire, took two 
handfulB ot hot iiuming coals to the 
chamberlain, and bade him wnnii hitusi If. 
I'be chamberlain was wholly discoocerted 
at thu ; bitt St. Fraacia quietly remarked, 

All rrpntnres ohcy thnsr who serve 
God with a ptrfett heart," Which golden 
words are inserted bv X. in the bull 
of canoniuUioD. tlie chambcriain re- 
turned to Rome, and told his bolineii* that 
the sanctity < f Sr. Fninois oxi tcilcil nil 
that had been t^aul uf hnii, and that hid 
giftof mtraclci could not be cxa^tremted. 
—Acts CdiMMiaaiMMi (oonipiled by 
Father (Jiry). 

>t . Fraiuis of Paula enters a ki'in io 
repair it, vhUe it tctu enveloped with Jlamet 
(A.D. 1416-1507). A lime-kiln which 
liad been liL'ht« <l twenty-four hours, beinj; 
out of rt'|.uir, the flames burst through 
the chill kit, and threatened to destroy the 
kiln. This would have destroyed' the 
lime, and done conBiderable damage to 
the workmcn'.»> hut*. Tho iii;i>on,-*. i^T. ntly 
distreHiicd, rnitied a cry of alarm, which 
brou^^bt St. Francis de Paula to the spot. 
Seeing the iminiiu nt danger, and know- 
ing how imporliuit the lime was for thu 
monastery be was building, he instantly 
set to work to repair the kiln, but for 
this purpose it was neceasarv to enter the 
burning furnace, and stnp the hnlf"« from 
the itiAide. When the workmen retiimed 
from dinner, they found tlic kiln in 
thorough repair, and the saint washing 
his bunds. To all appearances he was as 
fresh and uninjured ax if In- had ccrne 
from bis study. The bull of his canoniza- 
tion mentions this miracle; and the 
disciple who wrote hi** life, nnd the 
sixth witness of the proces.«i conducted at 
Cosetia, in connecti*m wiih the canoni- 
aatica, not only mention the incident, 
but add that this lime miraculously 
rfncwi'd i(;*<'If as fa^t a.- it was used, 
and lasted till the work was finished. — 
Arts of Qmotiuatkm (compiled by Father 
Ciry). 

St. i/artina, bound to the $tiike, vas 
vnharjntd hi/ the ^re (A.n. 2-M>). St. 
Martina, after baring been subjected to 
unheard-of crudtict for her atMMfiit lUtli 



in Christ, was, by the order of Alexander 
Scverurt, tied to a stake in the midst ot 
a fierce fire ; but God sent a torrent of 
rain to quench the fire, and a 1m(,'1i wind 
to disperse the fueL As the burning 
fuel flew about in all diieetiona, many of 
the henthrn sf^ectators wen* burnt tn death, 
but tbe buiiit herself received no injury*. 
11m en)|>er><r insisted that St. Martina 
was protected by magic, and, fmeviatg 
that the cham was lodged in her hair, 
ottmiianded that every at«>in < f it -tmuld 
be shaved off. After a lapse of three 
days she was conducted again to th« 
temple of Diann, where che was locked 
iu for Uirec duyg and nights witliout 
food of any kind. Still she remaimd 
firm, and the emperor, tirrd of tbe 
stniggle, commanded her head to be cut 
off, — liollandus. Acta S^nictoruin, vol. i. 
Jan. 1. (Surius wrote a lift' ui St. Mar- 
tina.) 

A hermit stands unhurt on live coal* 
during vcs/jers. One day a solitary came 
Im ttio cell of St. I'ahvnion, iind asked 
permission to join bis fraternity in 
reapers, and he proposed tiutt they should 
all stand on live coals while at prnyer. 
•'Thou shalt not t«inpt the Lord thy 
God," said PuLenion ; hut the stranger 
l>ersisted, and stood unhurt on led-bol 
cinders during the whole oiEce. The 
writer n->cribet the niirucle "to the craft 
of Satan," but it i» a dangerous distinc- 
tion to introduce. ( See Pktkr Gonza i.ez.) 

ltd ring-Gould, Li9€9 of the SamUf Jtau, 

St. peter (JonTalez rr/ r r.-v n hirlvt bi/ 
staadtng ta a /ire (a.l». lliH)-l'^43}. iioma 
S|>antsh libertines hired a harlot to go 
and tempt St. Peter Gonzalez. She went 
to the saint, and begged to consult him 
on an affair of grf>at moment ; but whca 
alone with him, she embraced bis knees 
and [tretended to weep ; but all of a 
dudden threw off her mask, and employed 
all her artifices to seduce him. Gonzalea 
bade her follow htm Into an Inner chamber* 
Here he lighted a fire, nnd placed him- 
self in the midst thervof. The harlot 
screamed with terror — said he would 
burn himself to death; but the saint 
replied, <* What is this tn hell-fire, to 
which you \v(riihi alhire nie?" The harlot, 
struck to thu heart, was converted, and 
everafterremained a consistent Christian, 
who reverenced the very shadow of G<.n- 
zah'z. (See above, A Hkkmit staxim, 
et« . > .1 .'.I &ffctoruMi (Bolbudiata), vol. 
ii. April 14. 

iW VQutd mt ftum lAe bodji of /souortf 



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FIRE INNOCUOUS: LUCT—8ABAS. 



1» 



Xttiter. I^onard Keyset of Bnvuria was 
on** of til' I: Tnrnu'd ('liiifch in the time 
of Zvringli atid Lutlier. He wan an ardent 

tmpaffandiat of the now viewM, and, 
cing arrested by the bishop of PasMu, 
was condemned l*i th» stake. When be 
came to the fields outjiidc the town, he 
bent over the cart, i^ibered « llower« and 
Mid tn the jiidi;e. who rode on horwback 
■ f! r ( lit. " My lord, ! liavo [ducked 
thits fiuwi-r. If you can bum Die and this 
flowt r in my haad, then believe you bavo 
condemned me ri^htcoaslv ; but if vou 
can burn neither me nor the flower, tlien 
ri llcL't on what you are duinj;. and repent." 
^'hen the procession reached the ap- 
pointH place, the 5*>^S* *Bd his three 
oniciaU threw an extra mimlK-rof fa^^ots 
on the pile, in order to mcreiijje its heat, 
and reduce the victim to ashes ; but 
when ell the wood wee cotMHunedt the 
body of the martyr was tdten fton the 
etake wholl}' unhurt. Tlie three prin- 
ct(ia!« and their meniuls theii brought fresh 
wood, and made a much lar(;er fire ; but 
still the body remainetl unl>iimt, the hair 
only bein;; slightly sintjeti, and the nails 
somewhat darkened. The allies bein^ 
brushed from the body, the skin was 
found to be smooth and of its natnral 
colour, and the flower in the martyr's 
hand was unfaded, and wholly uninjured 
by the tlanici. The exeeuttoncn then 
cnt the body into pieces, and threw the 
gobbete into a fresh fire, but again the fire 
burnt out, and the pieces were not con- 
sumed. Lai«tly, they took the pieces and 
threw them int4i a running stream, called 
the Inn. The judge was so terrified, 
that be threw up his office, and the chief 
executioner joined the Moravian brethren. 
It was from the mouth of thie convert 
that the nattative idven above waa taken 
(loxvn.— Van Bm^^Ht, ^oody JllMtt«t 
CT }fiirtyr$' Mirror. 

SvitK Iaii Fnink. iahUChronM«<tftkt Rom»n Hrrttlft 

(Irtl. r /.I. five? >.ults1nriltsny tlir www \i\\c ; kihI Martin 

Indliictl tu c/iaUl tU« iUtiy Uuui not. At aiijr liiU- licdiwi 
■ot deny It. 

ht, Lucy standi in the midst of a fierce 
frv vhoUff uninjured (Dee. IS, aoh). 
Fttschasius, povernor of Syracuse, com- 
manded that fagots, steeped in rosin, 
Ittteh, and oil. should be piled round St. 
Lucy, tltc bol^ virgin, and i^^ited ; but 
fhe stood uninjured in the midst of the 
bamin^ pile. Faschasius then caused a 
•word Ui be thrust down her throat, which 
wounded her mortally ; but, before she 
d'i r|. she exhorted thopc spccfatora who 
wcKi Christians tu stand fast iu the faith 



delivered to the Kaints, and those who 
were not, to (lee from the wrath to come. 
— Ado (archbishop of Treves), Martyr' 
otofff/. (The acta of St. Lncy find plaea 
in licde, Sigisbert, ttie Boouui Uaityr- 
olog>-, etc.) 

(On* of Uke liamla et St. Loey tf ihAwn In Ul« raatiy ol 

InVMiaa) 

/i>(' triiuhl nnt burn the ff xli/ of .^f . Jtfenns. 
Menaa was a Koman soldier, in the iinny 
of Diocletian. Because he was a Chris- 
tian he was put to death, and his body 
cast into a great fire to be consumed ; but 
the fire refused to injure it ; and soni« 
devout Christians obtained possession of 
it, and buried it. — ^Metaphrsst^ Xiers. 

St. Poh/rxirp stood vnharmrtt at the ^take 
(a.d. 107). In the sixth year of Marcus 
Aurelins, I'olycarp, at the age of ci;;hty- 
aiXf wassaised by Herod, chief magistrate 
of SmyroA, and set In the midst of a 

pile of wood a'id other eoinliustildcs. 
The nvasii, iH^ing set alight, blazed up 
with great fury, but instead of attaeking 
the body of the saint, formed a canopy 
"like the auils of a Bliij) inflated by the 
wind." There stootl the a^red diseipic of 
St. John in his canopy of lire, bright as 
flilrer pnriAed in a nimaee, while from 
his body there issued a fra;irance sweeter 
than incense. The executinnerh, gr^tly 
exasperated at this spi-otack-. j>ierced him 
with spears, and the blood which spouted 
from the wounds of the martyr quenched 
thefirein which liestood. — ll niumMartyr- 
oioijn (written by the Church of Smyrna, 
at the time of the martyrdom). See also 
Nirephoru^; CallistuSy Qaireh JUi^ory^ 
bk. iti. ch. 30-;i4. 

Ftre KOuJd not bum the bodies of the wise 
BoHum OMverts, When Haxentius sum- 
moned the wisest men of the empire to 
a dir^piitation with St. (""atlienne of 
Ale.xandrin, tliey not only acknowledged 
tlicmselves beaten in argnment, bat oon- 
fi^sed themselves to be converted. 
Whereupon the emperor ordered them 
all to be burnt alive. Tliey died in the 
flames; but the fire did not consume 
their bodies ; nay, we are told not • hair 
of their heads was Bing«di-<-Melai4»nMtla 
(died 91 1 ). Lircs, etc. 

»S'f. &i(his enters an oven xcithout in'ury^ 
trhik the fa>jots are btutiny. Ht. Sabas ot 
( '4ippHdoi-ia did a kind act to a bnker. 
The baker bad put his clothes in bin nvea 
to dry, but forgetting be had done so. 
stuffed the oven with fnirots, and net fir^ 
I to thf m to lu-it if Hn flier remend>ered 
1 he had left hm ciutheji lu iliti uven, and 



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mftdf" ^r«ftt lamentntina n%'er his bran. 

St. Sebastian, hoitiu' t<»l<l <»f the niifsrhnnfe, 
went into tlie liuiuiu^; ()V»'n, resLMitni the 
clixlio'4, and returned wholly uninjured 
by the blaxinx tegot*.— Cynl (thenonk), 
life of St. SabtU, 

St. S,!irster enttra a hlazini nr--n to 
rfacw u bafier't thotfi (\.u. A 
piiiiilar lep^end to that of 8t. Sabas ( p. 139) 
is tolil iif St. Silvester. He eiiti rcd a 
baker's furnace when fully he;it«'(l "to 
scrape together the living; embers" for 
what?— becMM tlie baker bad atupidly 
left hii ihovel in th« fnnwee to be borot 
u(i by tbo bluxing' fagots. It is t<> l>e 
preKumud ihut the embers bein^ "iicfa|>ed 
to^eUier," the shovel was miraculously 
restored sound and whole, though Itarioic- 
Goold docs not lay so, but otherwise the 
incideDt would huvi* ti<> p<Mnt at all. — 
Bftring-Gould, Lives of tite dmnts^ Juu., 
p>.d7. 

St. Theda^ srt in the midst of a lir.fe 
firf, receives no /lurt t/icrefrom. St. Theclii, 
being converted by the preaching of Paul 
the apostle, reused to marry Tanuurus, 
ta whom she had been betrothed. 80 
Tuiiiariis ttiUl the prooonsul that a 
for<'i;;ni r was (»en'crting the minds of the 
people, and bringiojf 10 Btimnfte gods. 
Paul, upon this charge, was scourged, and 
banished from Iconiuni ; and Thecia, 
•whu still ndliered to the new persuasion, 
was coodejuned to be burnt to death. 
The fire wns kindled, end Thechi set in 
the miilst of the bumintr faf^ot*. in thn 
pre»e(K« of an tiumensc throng of 
spectators ; but, to the utter Mnazement 
ti all, tlie fire did her no harm ; and from 
a cloudlettrt sky there suddenly fell such 
torrenUi <>f rain, amidst thunder and 
lightning, that the tire was extinguished 
and the crowd dispersed. Whereupon 
St. Tliecla deli*>cmfrly walked from the 
smuuldering pile to the house of Onesi- 
phonis, where she found Paul and sonie 
other Chri«ttians. — Ado (archbishop of 
tArrm), Marty roio.jy. 

St. J'fiHrihi'iis 'it' Asfir.-ja pr^.rrs ^,,'s 
inHuC€nce of a charge by fuMtitm^ jire tn iu» 
hutui (A.D. 460). St. Thuribiu!!. bishop 
of Astoi;^ was charged with an 
enormous crime by a deacon ; but the 
l>i»hop, to prove his innoi < H' <•, took 
burning coals into his hand, and, placing 
the n on his rochet, carried tbem to the 
church, nnd showed them to tlio ;« i [iIc. 
As miUier he nor his ruchct rtttivni 
injury from the fire, his innocence was 
mUhiishcd by the judjpient of (iod. — 
Taamgrw-Salazar, SyamA Martyrolo^jy. 



at. nhmihm walls ftorvybof ov«r /Id* 

om/s, mul mrrVt'S /jo injnrif. Falilanu^, 
the Roumo governor, commanded to 
kindle a great lire of coals on the ground, 
and said to Tiburtios^ "Choose now wbicli 
you will do ; pnt inoense on theee coals 
to the immortal gods, or walk over them 
bareffHit." Tiburtius made the sign of 
the cross, and then walked ovt/t iht red- 
hot coaij;, as if tlu-y hail hvnn a Carpet of 
rose-leu vos and oiher llowers. — Ufa of 
St. Sf^Mstian (from the public register*). 

Fire shows reverence to Sisttr li^nmitcLi» 
M (a.I». 1850). Mgr. DefHTv reetoied 
the cotta;tjo of Sistt r Bt'iu'ilii-ta ; luit on 
Jan. 2Hf A.u. iHiiO, a tire burnt down 
almost the whole village of St. Ktienne. 
The flames attacked the cottage restored 
by Mgr. Dep<?ry, destroyed the thatch, 
but stopped, '"as if pus}n'<i ba<!k by some 
inviHible hand," when they reached the 
alcove containing the bed of Sister B«n*> 
dicta. The debris which tlie fire re- 
s[>ectcd was carefully cuUectcJ as relics, 
and ti»i->l in constructing a new cottage. 
~^L<-s J'ctits JioftaiuiiStes, vol. v. p. 2l'H. 

\ Mkf BarMdon, bUbop of Gmp. U ooHacUnf wi di jUta 

Th0 M of A. Cunefftmdit caught f re M 

no mischief was d*me (I'M't^. Om. nii^lit, 
after long prayer, St. ( "iHU'cnnda, w ifc of 
Henry II., einiK-ror of (urinany, fell 
asleep and was lifted into bed. Her 
reader fell asleep soon afterwards, and, 
• iropjiin;,' Irt catidlc, st-t tire to the 
IMllinsse and bedclothes. The empress 
and her nader were roused from sleep by 
the noise and heat of the fire, and, making 
the Mgn of the cross, the fire instantly 
dropped out. Although the empress was 
Iring on a bed biasing with fire, and the 
mmes burnt fiercely all around her, yet 
her ni;:ht-clfi(lH's wi re not toucluil, tn>r 
did she Hutfer any injury wlujtever.— » 
The litUl of QtmmiMotimb^ litmeMU ///., 

A.i>. 1200. 

Wttttutit going ta inirwie*. kiidrwing lor * UtUe •ruusdWft. 
Uoit. U>v ciruumKauM thnt Cuiicuuiula'i iitgtil-clotl>»> •lid 
Hot cjttch Are uuif be »ccvuii(m1 fur. W« arc toM ah* 
kU-pl 111 a Iturv-lialr giivn, un a p«l)Ur« corrrad wkUi % 
Ixioe-hatr quilt : ••> tmntt ut the artlclr, i>ii lltc Iml might 
catoh Si% iMt wimU Mt bs lIMir to Ml to ia Uh IMM* 

St, DrtHjo nninptrr<{ bifafrc n-Mch '"trnt 
dotcn hisoeii (A.ii. lll»-llt^). SU Drogo 
lived for forty vcars against tht ehuitth 
at Sd.iir;;, in lininault. Une day a fire 
broke out iii tlie church, and burnt his 
cell to the ground, but though SU Drogo 
lemained there all the time, he received 
m» injur)-. ra|>cbruch (p. 441) si^s^ 



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••God repeated, in St, Drogo'a favour, the 
of the three children in the fiery 



of BabvU»."-"^cta Samotormn 
(BoUMdiBts), April 19. 

A frf rt'spects the Ani/^c of St. Galla, and 
injures it not. A tire broke out in the 
boose next lo Ibat in irhieh St, Galla 
lived. It waa ▼•ry fierce, and spread bo 
rapidly that all thought thp saint's hnnse 
must inevitably be destroy t d. St. (inlla, 
wUhout leaving b«r room, fell on her 
kum in prayer, nd IIm lliunet, •taitinc 
back, {^tLercd themselvp* togetlier, and 
dropped out suddenly. A vast concnurse 
ted eollected to assist in extinguishing 
II) «Dd when they urn **tbe oiincle," 
Imty itood atnpcfied wMi Mmneincnt. — 

Xtf* Petits Bollniult^tcs^ vol. ij. p. 199. 

Si. Melaniui* ccrementt unmjureU by fire. 
When the church of Renm* wm con- 
sumed by fire, the ccrementa of St. 
Melanius, althinigb ea(>ecially combus- 
tible, wire wholly uninjured. So says 
8L Gifgogr of Toun, who livod onljr'ft 

Fnre refuses to touch the statue of Minerva 
of lUtun. Many authors tcli uh that 
mbea the Fimbrians bvmt Ilium, the 
•tetae of Pallas Minerra stood in the 
midst of a heap of ashes wholly un- 
injured. Thtt ffodigy WIS perpsttMiied 

on medala. 

Fire quenched. 

NcMa. xl. 1-3. Whrnthp p<>npl<'coini>l*lm'<l, 
4be Lord Iwanl it, aiiil aii^< r w&d kitidhiJ ; 
and the fire ot th<' l.<ir>l l>urijl niiiong tht-ai, atui 
confumwl thfui that vm m- in tlie utlt-rnioBt 
parts of the camp. Aiid Mu«''s pruyfd unto 
lbs Lord, and thf flrr- wan rinriH lK.t And 
|loM« called the naiM of the place Tab«rali, 
because tbe fire of the ijord burnt among tbem. 

HBa.xi.ai. IbetlnwwoaldMlBsteteU 
ef [Iboae] wbo tbransb MA qosnebad the 
lioleiioe of fire. 

Th« ghost of St. Gertrude, abbess of 
JHtdtm, qmneitt a jirt m the wto n aet e ry. 

Ten years after her death, the ghost of 
St. Gertrude "appeared visibly" in the 
zefectory of the college of Nivelles, for 
tba panpOM of fiattiQg oat a fin which 
thrtatenad to dMtror th« wbola pile of 
Iniildings. — Surius, Lii<s of the Simts. 

St, Godebcrta quenches a fire by the sufn 
of the cross {x.tK 676). In a.d. 676 a 
Tiolent fire threatened to bum down tbe 
whole dty of Noyon. St. Godebertawas 
confined to her bed at the tirn*-. The fire 
■piead impidly, and leacbed the basilica 
««8t.lfanr,baUtby8t.lfedaid. Ooda- 
berta caused herself to be cnrricd in a 
chair into the very heart oi the tiaiuea, 



and, making the sign of tbe cross, the 
fire instantly sabeided, and the church 
wasaaved. — Radbod 1 1, (biabop of Moyon, 
A.D. 1167), Life of St. Oodeberla. 

Fiir extinfuished by St. Lujms tnf/i the 
siijn of the cross (a.d. 610). A horrible 
fire broke oat in Chalons in the year 610, 
and destroved half the city. No hnman 
means availed to arrest its progress, and 
the whole city must have been rediieed 
to aahea, if the people had not sought the 
{atefceesion of 8t> liupus. Immediately 
the saint wns snlirifed to interfere, he 
rose from his bed, and, placing himself 
right in front of the run of t)ie tire, made 
the sign of the cross. Tba Oamet, as if 
by magic, stood upright and flraa tank 
into tiie earth, doing no more mischief ; 
and thus the rest of tlie city was saved 
from destruction. — L/i/end'ure d'Autun. 

A fire tcalkrd out by St. Jiemi (a.d. 
44i>-Mb). On one occasion, while St. 
Hemi was at Keims, lodging in the iumse 
of the church of St. Kicasius, a great tire 
bvnt out, and destroyed a large part 
thereof, threatening the whole city with 
destruction. St. Uemi made the sign 
of the cross against tbe conflagration, 
which approached towards him wiUi laptd 
strides, but stopped suddenly, and then 
sb)wly retreated. The holy man followed 
it, and still it retreated. Thus did he 
till the Are eane to tbe eity gatea, when 
it rolled itself ii^ a ball, passed through 
the gates withottt injuring them, and 
rolling into tbe open fields was soon 
spent, to the amaxcmeot of the whole 
city wbidi bad aseemMed together, and 
were witnesses of tliis great miracle. — 
Hincinar (archbitihop of Reims, 806-^{52), 
Ltfe of St. Jiemi. 

St. Wodoai's stirf: puts out a fire (a.d. 
700). An angel ^nvi; St. Wodoal a sUflf, 
wliich was cnllcil his " crossillon," and 
which had the virtue of extinguishioc 
fire. If, therefore, a Are broke oat ai 
Soissons or the nei^hbo«rhof»d, it was 
usual to hoiii up this rod and bid it ceaM 
to burn. Many and many a fire was pot 
out in tbe monaateiy by tbie meane. 
Mne. dHaroourt, abbeea or Boiesons, telle 
us that a fire once broke out in the kitchen 
chimney with great violence, when she 
took up the cnMMUkMB, and made with it 
the sign of the cross on the chimney* 
place. Immediately the fire fell with a 
great thud ii[M>n the kitchen Htnir, and 
greatly alarmed those present ; but, being 
dead, it wee eooo cast oot faitv tha 
yard. Ever after, it wnn cu^ti mary 
on itb. t^, after graud maaa, lur Um 



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Mf 



bend sacriMjm witli the erossillon, fol- 
lowed by tlie second sacristAn with a wax 
toper, and then by aU (he ion»(c« of tbe 
house ttnKin^, to mereh through the 
alihtn". 'vvlifn ',h>' kitdn-ti rtii'i^n(.'v-|iluce 
wiia l]r»t umrkfd wiUi a ctitu* by the 
mairic rod, and then other pute of the 
buildings. 

Fire extinrfuishrd by St. WodoatB hood. 
One (Jay, a ifire having broke out in tlie 
abbey, one of the monks, who was sick 
of a fever at the time, ran uid tirfd St. 
Woiliifil. St. Wodoal ^;a\ <» lii<« hood to the 
mnn, nnd told biin lu follow the tire till 
it retreated from the premises. This be 
did, aod DO mischief oocomd.— L'«bW 
Praiear, AnnaiM d» ZHiteht d« 8bi$tom9. 

The flrrwhi. h MI d.'wn the chlmnrf vHh a ihud. l<»kt 
try piQch ltk« « tkll of toot dittotiwl from » fool 

Fish Miracles. (See also Joxah.) 

a ATT. ZTti. ST. heur, betug ask«d to paj 
trtbuts. «»I4 Jesus of tlis demand; aod Jesus 
■aid 10 Mb, Go to tlie esa, and cast a Imek, aud 
taks up Ibe flsh that first OMuetb up ( aod when 
thou hsNt opcnrd his nioutb, tbou ahiilt And a 
pieos of DKMie-j' : lhaX tak«^ and give fur Me and 

tbse. 

St, Cadoc of Wcdet finds his lost Virgil 
in a aalnum (sixth century). St. Cadoc 
WHS pai^nionately fond of the Latin poet 
Virsri!. One day, walking with Gildas 
the nistorian, he put his Virtpl under bis 
arm. and lie^'an to weep at the thoii^;ht 
that Ilia bcluvcU itotit iiti^bt perbtt)>8, at 
that very moment, be with Satan and his 
Mgels. A sudden gust of wind couaed 
him to lift his arm, and hit book was 
blown into the fie.i. The loss was an 
unspeakable jfrief to him ; but next 
ntoming a flsberroan brouji^ht him a Ado 
Salmon as a present, and in the li^h wns 
the Tcry Virpl he had lust the previous 
day, and what completed his joy was 
to hod the boolt wholly uniigkued. — 
Beea, Lvwrnofiht CambrthBrUi$h Samtt. 

A tUh restores to St. J'lv in of U'-r.-t s- 
ter i/u! key of his jxtUrs (A.i>. tlOj. 
>Vbcn St. iSgwin of Worcester went on 
bh pilgrimage to Rome, "to expiate his 
sins," he IfMuIed his ankles with iron 
feltt'rs, and, having locked the irons, 
thn:w the key into the Avon. As he 
neared Italy, a large fish floundered upon 
the ship's Heck, and, beinp prepared for 
table, the key wbtcb KgwiD bod thrown 
into the Avon was found in its stomach. 
St» Egwin considered this aa an intioia- 
*ion from God that he wae to releaae 
himself of his fetft r-i. Accordingly he 
oolocked them, and continued lus pil- 



LPt.I. 

fjrimage foot free. — St. Drithwald (arch- 
>iHhop of Cauterfaury), Lift of A. Kgwm, 

It wouU bars Seen Intmxtiiul to know «h«l lort of 
I fl»h UiU wmt to wbk'h liic [rtsili val«r ot th« A* a aad 
trir «ilt water o4 Ute aM wen •quaUt niiMjuiBl. U 

<i.>r. nut MX • "mima,' wWdi ««Mwr b a imapr 

In the AtiM. 

Miss Elton of Stratford reamers a rhtg 
by a codfish (16%). A knight parsing 
by a cottage beard the criei* of a woman 
in travail, und knew I)\ skill in the 
occult sciences that the iufant was des- 
tined to he his fatnre wife ; but he deter- 
mined to elude his dejstiny. When the 
child was of umrnageubk s^fty the knight 
took her to the seaside, intending to 
dfowD her, but relented; and, throwing 
hia iignet-ring into ^e sea, ho com- 
manded her never more to see his face, 
upon pain of death, till she brought bock 
With her that ring. The damsel then 
went as cook to n n(d)h f .uTiily, and one 
day, as she was |)repuriii^ it codtish fur 
dinner, she found the ring in the fish, 
took it to the knisht, and thus became 
the wife of ttr John Berry. Tho Bmy 
ann!« s^how a tish, and in the dexter diiet 
a ring, in record of this legend. 

Jh0 arm$ of the city of QUugom* Hm 
amis of the city of (jiasgow show an 
oak tree with a bird above it, and a bell 
hanging from one of the branches. At 
the foot of the tree is a salmon with a 
ring in ite month. The 83mibols are 
explained thns : St. Kenti;i;crn built the 
city, and hun^' a Ik'U iu tbe oak to 
summon the men to work. So much for 

the ''oak and tho beU." Mow for tht 
**«almon and the ring.** We are told 

that a queen of Scotland formerl an illicit 
attachment to a young t^oldit-r, and gave 
him the ring whidi her hu^bund bad 
presented to her as a betrothal or love 
^'ift. It coming to the knowled^'c of the 
king that the (fueen had i>Arte<l with this 
ring, lie contrived to abstract it from 
soldier while Ito wao aaloep, threw it 
i ntf' the Clyde, and then asked the queen 
to !<how it him. The queen in consterna- 
tion ran to St. Kentigem, and, confessing 
her crime, entreated his help. The father 
confessor went forthwith to the Clyd»j, 
and dre^v out a !*almon with the rin^' in 
its mouth. He handed the ring to tho 
queen, and by this means prevented a 
great scandal, saved the lives of two 

Jersons, and reformed the repentant lady, 
ocelyn (bishop of Glasgow), in bis 
JUfo of St* Kentiaem (11:26), mentioos 
this ; and in Oiiiftian ait no eatnt is 
represented with a lalmoB and a line in 
the for^roand. 



FISH MIRACLES 



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The keys of a reliquary ditcovrred in a I 
^3/1 (a. I). 4-2';). While St. Maiirilitis 
wms bishop of Aaeern, a woman teot to 
him to come and bnptize b«r dUld, who 
was flnn^Trti;ts!y ill. He was eayinf^ 
oiass nt tiic time, and no one durst 
interrnpt him. When mass was orer 
the child wm dead, and not barinn^ boeo 
baptized, St. Maarillns aevnaod htmielf 
of b«"':ri^' thi- <'a ti i .f i!ir ]>»-rililion. 
This so preyed u^kuj hi« muid timt he 
reaulved to throw up bis office, and live 
the rest of his life in private and in 
^icnitenrc. So, starting from Angers, he 
j' urnoyfd to the coaiit; and, while be 
waited for a vessel boimd for England, 
wrote on a rock these words: "Here 
Wannlius, bishop of An^rs, embarked. 
Quasimodo, A. i>. 412." When he had pot 
out of sight of land, be found he had taken 
with him the keys of the rcliques of the 
church, and as he held them in his hand, 
thinking bow to send tliini back, the 
devil knocked them into the sea. The 
soiot was greatly distressed, and vowed 
he would never more rrtum to Anpera 
till these keys were restored. On reach- 
ing England, be hired himnelf out as 
a ^ntleman's gardener, and the crops be 
raised, his admirable indnstry, tiis modest 
behaviour, and saintly piety, made liim 
a great faviiunte with his master and his 
noiily. When the people of Angers 
discovered that their bishop was gone, 
they were much grieved, and four of the 
monks were appoiiUtd to go in search of 
him. For seven years thc^ searched 
withont flndinf a trace, and then dis- 
covered the writing on the rock : " Here 
Maurilius, bishop of Angers, embarked. 
Qnasimodo, a.d. 41*2." Hope dawned; 

embarked for England, and had a 
capital passage ; but as they ran flirough 
the sea, a ti.sh leaped on deck, was caught, 
and prepared fur dinner. As it was 
opened, the keys of the relics, labelled, 
were found in it. The monks first thought 
the bishop had been drowned, but an 
angel told them in a visirm he was alive, 
and they would find him when they came 
aabore. Immediately they alighted, the 
angel guided them to the gentleman's 
gaiden, and Uiere they discovered the 
lost iNshop. Maorilins told them ef his 
loss, and said he had made a vow never 
to retom till be had found the lost keys, 
llie monk^ then produced the keys, and 
iuforuied the bishnp huw they had come 
by them. Maurilius, no loncrer doubt- 
ing (jod's vril!, arrjtiir^rrd in tlu'ir ili'-irf. 

Ml hen be had again embarked, on augei 



1411 

appeared to him, and said, " Maurilius, 
return to your {X!opIe, and in reward of 
your virtues God will restore to life the 
infant that died seven years ago tin- 
baptized." The first thin.; the bishop 
did when he reached An^j^ers -wha to go 
to the grave of tliis infant, and lo ! it 
revived, and received the name of Rend 
(bora again). — Aeia Qamktrvm (BoUan* 
dists), Sept. 13. 

Fishfs, called by St. Peter Gmzatcz^ 
came awl -/ute tftemseloea up to ruppli/ hi$ 
tible (a.d. HPO Ii'4H). St. Peter Gon- 
zalez, built sev<>ral religious houses, and 
was often at a less to lind fcxid f«»r the 
numerous workmen. On such occasions 
it was his wont to go to the nearest river, 
and tell the fishes, who immediately 
Uirew themselves on the banks in great 
numbers, and oflfered themselves volnn- 
tarily to deatli. — Acta Sanctorum (Uol- 
landists), vol. ii. April 15. 

A beH fiiund in a Jiah < liven to St. P<j<i\ 
bishop of Leon (a.d. 492-573). bt. i'aui, 
bishop of Leon, requested kin^ Biark lo 
give him a certain bell, but 1ns demand 
was refused. Nut long afterwards, being 
in the mansion of tlie count de Witur, a 
person made him a present of the hoid 
of a very fine flsh. On preparinj^; it for 
dinner, uie very bell which the king had 
refuited bim was found in tlie lish, and 
is still preser%'ed in the cathedral of Leon. 
It is quadrangular, but the sides are not 
all the same size, two being large, and 
two smaller, it is nine inches in In ight, 
and seems to have been beaten into shape 
by a hammer. The metal of which it is 
made is a mixture of copper and 5ilver. 
Miraculous virtues are attribute<l to this 
bell. — Lobineau, Lives of the Simtx of 
BritiaH]/ ; and for description of the beU 
see AntiqviM de la Bretau/ne, Ftmiiterret 
pt. i. 

Foiycrates, tyrant of &tmos, recover!, « 
rn^ from the sea. Poly crates Mas »o 
pro'pemns in all things, that Amias 
advised him to part with some treasure 
dearly cherished in order to avert ill 
fortune. Accordingly, the kins rowtd 
into the open sea, and, pulling off a ver^ 
valuable emerald signet-riv, threw it 
into the sea. The following week a fisher- 
man presented the king with a flsh of 
extiaordinaiT sise, and, on opening it, 
there was the signet-ring. Polycrate.^, 
thinking the circumstance of sufHcu-iil 
importance, and a memorable instance 
of divine interposition, wrote an account 

' of it, and sent his narrative to Egypt. 

I iierodotus, the Greek historian, wa« told 



MAURIUUS, PBTSR GONZALEZ, POLTCRATBS. 



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UA 



FLOWERS AKD FRUITS FROM PARADISE. 



rpir.t. 



it in Kuyi>t, Mid from him il hM tu*mt 
dnwn to our knowledge. — Herodotua, 

Jiistory, iii. 40. 

4 eooked /ish repror^g TheotJoric for 
murdfr (a.D. ft'Jfi). Theodorie, suftpicinus 
of treABon, and " blinded by heresy," 
put to (hatli lioothiu-S «iid Sy rjimaoliiis, 
two illustrioua scnaton. I'lien, seizing 
upon pope John, he drat him in priaoo, 
and ptiuMMi liim to dpnth. Ili rh. timndc 
a Jew hi!* t hief iiiinbtvr, ami liilcd all the 
churchen with Arians. Scarcely was tbis 
done, wh«o, like Ariua, he was aillicted 
with a bloody flux, and ProcnpiiiP. the 
lii.*t>»rian, iMiyt7 tlie ofliccrs of 'llu ; ilpric 
bapp«iied to iterve bitn one duy vriih a 
toa9 htad and shoulders. I'heodoric 
wn? tprribly fri^ditened. Notliin^ would 
jHTSuadc bini dial the cod's licud was not 
the head of tlic sontitor Symniacbus. lie 
thought be saw the tish bite it« lip, and 
glare at him fnriouely. He ahvadefed 
with frijrht, and was earned up to bed, 
trcnihliii),' from li»ad to fool. His pby- 
siciau wiiH sent for, and found him crying 
like a child for the death of Symmacboa 
and Bocthitis. — See Z^pt Pontifiailis. 

A crati briii'/s to Frtinrni X/nVr his 
crucifix. A» Frmucis Xarier was sailing 
from Ambionum, a city of tiho llolttoea 
iplnnds, to I5araiiiila, he was fYTcrtnkcn 
wtUi a tttorin, »bu'h liiruuti'i)i.d to wreck 
the vessel in which he sailt^d. Xavier 
took from hi.t neck hit cnicilix» and held 
it in the raging Ma in order to etiU the 
billows, but as t he vc.hsoI hin-hed suddenly, 
he dropped it in the water. The ship 
next dav arrived lafeiyat Baiaanla ; and 
when Xavier went ashom, n great crab 
leafied out of the m-u, carry in>,' the crucifix 

di'X(Jutly, unci in an upri^lit dirti tion 
bctweeo its fins." The crab made its 
wejr direct to Xavier, delivered to him 
the cniritix, fttiil rctunv I t. the sea. 
Xavier wa» un^iieakaUy Lhunklul, and 
enweiag his arms, he fell prostrate on 
the gronnd, wheve he remained for haU 
an hour in devont prayer. — Cardinal dS» 
Jf"nl("s $p«cch h'furc {irtf ru XV., on 
the canontuiitw of Francu Aaviar. Jan. 
19, 162t. 

Flowers and l^nitBfiroiii Puar 

dise. (See Celibacy.) 

Qt». it H. 0. And the IjnrA Cod pUnt^ a 
fSlden r«-<twAnl in luleo, and there put H>- tbo 
nttn whom Me bad formed. Aivd out of the 
groQttd made the lyord (iod to grow everr tree 
itat la pieiMsnt to the si|ht and good Ibr fbod. 

Lost xzltt. ea. Jonn on tki> oram aald lo 
tiMDMiltent tkM. Thu da.T abalft thMba wM 
lb Eb paradia* (pr xha ga Jen]. 



7%e Virtfii^ Mary brin^is fio\cm-$ from 
jmniditc to Sti^Ur ll,-n-dicta {a.\ . ir,4ft- 
1116). Some workmen volunteered to 
dress the vineyard of Sister lionedicta'a 
roothfr, who was vpry poor. The Virgin 
Mary lillid tlic apron of Benedicta with 
ros»'s from paradise, to distribute to 
these workmen in rewaid of ibeir neigli^ 
hourif kindnaas. There ean be no donhl 
that thi^ ros*'s came from paradise, in- 
asmuch as it was only the middle of 
March, when there were no roses in tho 
alpine climate of the Valley of the Lake 
(Uus, 2 syL).—LM J'etiU IMUmiiisUt*, 
voU V. p. 2S& 

(Mir. Barttadto, yUbOf ar hiiniiitlaanti data 
MttMfasdMttsaaMalMtloaorarfwfeMNlkta. 1SB4.) 

ThcophUu* the lawufr receives flo\ccr» 
and fruits from ]>ar>uiis'' ( a.d. 804). As 
St. Dorothy of Cesarea, in Cappadocia, 
was led to oxeeution, Theophilns, % 
lawyer, who had brpn prps<nt at her 
examination, and heard her say to the 
iudge, I thank tStm^ lor thin day shall 
1 be with my nonee in paradise," cried 
in ridicule, ''Goingto paradise, Dorothy ? 
Well, send me some of its fruits and 
flowers; good-bye." '* Gladly, Theo- 
philus," said the martyr, 'will I do 
what yon refjuo-it/' She then knelt in 
prayer, and forthwith ap|)eared a child, 
some four year^ old, wlio had in a cloth 
three different fruits, and three magnifl* 
cent roses. ** Take these," said Donkhy 
to the child, "to Theophilus, and say 
here arc the fruits and flowers from 
paradise which you a^ked for*** And so 
raying, her head icU to the swoid of tht 
executioner. 

In the mean tlnio Tlieophilus wag 
telling his companions of his joke, and 
the maiden's answer. The laugh wao 
bmd, and tlir pleasantry applauded tip- 
roanously, when the child entered with 
the fruits and flowers. Going up straight 
to Theophilus, he said, These an the 
fritite and flowen yon naked the holy 
Dorothy to send you. I have brought 
them at her request from the garden of 
her divine spouse." So saying, the child 
vanished. Theophilus was amazed, and 
was at once convinced that the God of 
Dorothy is the only true God. The 
lawyer's boon companions tried to laugh 
him' out of his conviction, hot Theophilna 
refilii'd, *' It is nii(lv\ intor. Tliero are no 
fruitd and tluwerii like tb<:^e in February. 
Our gardens are barren, and oor fruit 
trees leaflc<H." The evidence was too 
■trong to be gainsaid, and spoke il 



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FOOD MULTIPLIED: AGNES— BliTGrP. 



145 



ibljto tlie lawyer. Notliiii^ coulil shake 
Un, and, being accused lief ore the jud^ 
«f bfliog a «ony«rt to tbt new mligioa, fit 
wHnoMd A food wnfBidmi «aa died • 
martyr'* dMthn .lofa Amotonm (Bol- 
landus). 

Food multiplied and repro- 
duced. (£>ce Elijah akd tuk Wiuuw, 

Matt. xIt 15-31. ^Vh«n U was •vvnfDf.tb* 
dbtiplea mid to Je*u\ This ia a desert place, 
•ad tb<> lime til now [Htn ; send the mnltituil- 
■waj, that thry mar go into tlie villain and 

bur tlieni'^el^f', victual. But Jc»n* said t<i th« 
di.-<l|>l<*>. I ll*')" ii!i-.t not (li part; ^ive jc tliein 
to eat. '1 lie iliMiples Ray unto iltiu. \V<- have 
b'"r< hut li\ <■ loave?«. and i«<i tifli J<-hus said, 
Hnnt; (!i -ni liiihor ti> M''. Au<\ ll>- conimaiid*-<t 
tb« inuttitiido tu Kit down on the graM. And 
He toolc the five luaves and the two fi'•be^ and 
bIcMMHi. and brake, and gave the l<>avi-!< to Mis 
diiriplen. and Ilia diactplea to ttic rauUitude. 
And they dM all eai, and werv filled ; and Ibej 
took up of Lbe iragmeots that remained twelve 
beakete fBU. And thtf t hat had celea vera 
sbnvt live ttraoaaod tneiii bealdca woumb and 

d«ildr<>n. 

(Tbs totkl wiHil't not Im than ftrtc«ii tbouMuld 

M m ) 

Matt. XT. 33-3^. Jenoo called Hin diKipIe* 
nto HiDB, and eald, I have compaaaion on the 
■■ltHad^ bceawe ti^ have beeo with Ma 
Ihne dajra, and have wMhlng to eM. Hia db- 
dple* mj to Him, Wbenoe abould we bw 
bread in the wildemeav to flit ao gicet a rnnlti* 
tttde i Jesa« nalib to tbem. How nuosr leavea 
hare jti And tbejT liM. Seven, and a few 
(i»ht"«. And Jesus comniandtil the miiltiludc 
to !«it cJown on the grotind And He took thf 
iv\i n lo.ivt's and tlie fi-shef*. and gave iliank*. 
and l«rake tht-iu, md uav" to Hi-* disripl<M, and 
th'- di*< iple«t<i tin- nuiltttud''. And all did eat, 
and were tilled. And th«>y took up of tlif' 
broken meat tliit waa \cTi ecvm lxi«kcts lull. 
^d^b»j tbat d^k h e ot^we re four thouMiid men, 

idtovMherlf* *• l« tea t-Xw IfeaMHad 

3 Kixon iv. 43-44. There came a man from 
Baal!)hiili!«ha, and )>rnugbt KlUha twenty loavea 
of barlejr; and Kli^<!ia -wtid. Wive unto the peoph-, 
thai tbry may eat. And tlie servitor aald. What I 
Mould I set fhia before a hundred men t Elisba 
■M again. Give tbe peo^, tbat they na/ eat j 
for thus ealtb the Lord. Tbej >beU eat and shall 
leave thereof. So tbe aarvllor Bat tbe feod before 
the per>ple. and the/ did eel. and left tbereof, 
according t * the wofd 9t tbe Loid. ^ee 8t. 
Claka, p. 146.) 

3 KiJ*o«> iv. 1-7. A wMow. being In debt, 
told Klii^hri that her credi t ors bad threatened to 
H'll hi T »nd her children to Mliufy their claim*. 
Lli'lia itsked th"" wom.in «liat i»he had In the 
hou«f. Nothing, ahe r pli'-d, •»av<' a little oil 
In a pot. Co, fiaid thf prnpnet to her, and 
borrow ve^aeW of all thy nf k'hNmrs, empty 
veasela, not a IHr. And she did so. . . . Ftov 
f 



off thy oil now into all these TeMWla till they 
are Tull. And flv did oo. Now. said the 
prophet, go. aeli the oil ; and wbeo tbou baat 
paid thy debt% live tbe« tad tbr chlMrai 

on tbe rest. 

St. Agnes supplift bread, and causes it to 
multiply (A.D. 1274—1317). St. A^niefl 

built a convent on Mount Pulrinno, w)ii're 
twenty sisters lived. For three days the 
houiic was whoilr without food, and 
Agnee said, " 0 bleased Saviour, O tender 
Father, O my ewlaeting Spouse, at Thy 
command have I built this hou-e, and 
wilt Thou leave Thy servant!! to die here 
for want of htmif Good Master, ^'ive 
as food, or we perish. Send m tire 
loaves of bread. Our wants arc not f,'re.it, 
but ;:r< .it is Thv power, anil iiilinit** Thy 

love." One the sisters now entered 
the eell, and Ai^ee told her to go into 
the tower, and bring out the broad whirh 
Christ had just sent. When the broad 
was set OQ the table, it multiplied as fast 
as it waa eafao, and supplied the whole 
ootfreat for many days.— La Vierge de 
Sienne, Dutlogw 149. 

St. AtistrcijtsU, hishoj^of Hourges, mu/fj- 
plits wine (a.I>. MI-<>24). One vintage 
St. Austregisil went into the cellar of the 
monastery of the ('hiiteau h Houri^es to 
examine the vats, and talir rv r<'.ri-^t< r of 
their contents. lie found all the tubs 
full, except one whidi held twenty gallon*; 
this tub had a pint or so in it, but not 
more. St. Austregisil, making' on it the 
signofthaenwa, passed on. Next day the 
cellamv ioto the vault, observed 

tbat tbe aforesaid cask was ftill to over- 
flowin;», and infnrmod Austregisil ; but 
the saint told tlie cellarer not to talk 
about the matter, for it was God's doing. 

Another instance. On another occasion 
St. Austregisil, lieing in Geneva, saw on 
the borders of the lake a chap l half in 
ruins. There was neither priest nor clerk, 
goaidiaa norany ether person toeaymase 
there. The doors of the chapel were wide 
open, but the sacristy was fast locked. 
Austregisil bade his reader go and fetch 
some water ; but the reader, being unable 
to And any, returned to the chapel, when 
he beheld the saorijity door open, and the 
bishop saying mass. Two cups were on 
the altar table, one of water and the 
other of wine. — J/eijmdes du Berry. 

St. Bri'jit of Kildare causes a cuw to tjive 
three pait fids' of mtlk (a.d. I:J0 WIW. St. ^ 
Brigit on one occasion was visited by 
sercfal bishops, but had tto to giint 
them. Sill- sent to milk a cow which had 
been already milked twice that some day, 

L 



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but BOWg»\'e frei'tv milk ennuidi to fill 
three Un|^ tnuIr. ^tlgnlnmges are made 
to Hamay, in Belgium, hy cow keepers, 
in luinnnr «'f this naint, tlint tlicir cows 
may be prolific. 'lb« peasants of Fosges, 
in tho (iiocese of Kamur^ ara accuf^tomed, 
on Feb. I, ever)' yrnr, "Ixnir des 
bajiuettes avcc 1c»Q(i< Uca on ttmclic k-s 
vachefl maladcH p' ^r lea puerir." — Mpr. 
Gu^ria, Via ik» Smntu, vol. ii. pp. 106| 
187. 

St. C!(ira foih f>fl;i nun$ vifh h iff a 
ifMif of brctui. ( >n one occasion there 
happened to l>c in Uie nnnncrA' over which 
St. Clara prcnided only a sinplc loaf of 
bread, and no other food whatever, for 
tlio tifty HUMS. St. Clara ordered tlic loaf 
to be divided into two equal partOi one of 
which waa iriven in alma to the bcf;ging 
friars. When dinner-time arrived, the 
fifty tmns took tlieir neatd, and St. ("lara, 
holding the half-loaf in her hands, blessed 
and broke it. The broken bread was tben 
handed to the nnn«, and all ate thereof 
and were filk'il, dcclarin;:: th;it tticy IkuI 
never en) oycU i^o ^ood a meal hi all their 
live*. — Life of St. Clam (written l»y 
com mat III of pope Alexander V.). See 
2 Kings iv. Al A S. 

St. Euthj/mius mnUiplies food to feed 
four humired Armemans (a.i>. 37&-47«i). 
One day fbur hundred Armenians, who 
had Io.st their way, came to the ntonaetery 
of St. EutbymiuB and crnved food, 
lliemwaa not at the time food enough 
in the monaster)' to lout the usual inuiatcs 
a single day ; but Knthymius ordered food 
to l>e j^et at oticc befori- tlie triivoller?^. 
When the monks, in obedience to this 
order, opened the larder, it was literally 
piled up to the very ceiling with f' i ; 
indtit'd, so full was it. they found it hard 
to open the door. Tlie wine nnd oil were 
aintUarljr multiplied, ao that after (be 
four hundred strangers had made a hearty 
meal, there 'was left a lar^re store of 
provisions for the us« of the monks. — 
Cytilhis, Life of St. Euthytmis, (See 
hUo HiiriiiH:, and the annotations of 
Holland us.) 

.^f. Fraitcis of Portia feeds fort]/ soldiers 
tcith two stnatl if'^'ircs and vne pint of wtw. 
Ferdinand I., king of Naples, sent a 
cnptnin Avith forty tiers to arrest St. 
Fnincijj of I'aula. When the ofhccr came 
into Uie presence of the saint, he was so 
awe-struck tliat he fell at his feet and 
craved pardon. St. Francis ordere<? a 
collali I i I I t sel before the capt-iiiii and 
his baud, 'ihere were but two small 
kmvct and « single pint ol wine at band ; 



rrr. I. 

but St. Knint ii) blessed them, and there 
was not only enough to satisfy forty-ona 
hearty soldiers, wKo ate and drank niott 

liberally, but at tlie cl'>>e ilit-re was nior« 
bread and wine left than there waa 
before the meal began. — ^Father Giry, 

Acts of Otnnnirntitm, etc. 

St. I rniK is of J'liuiu Jt cds nim tncn for 
three (i'Vf!< mth a imn-ael of bread (a.d. 
141^1507). When St. Francis of TauU 
was on his way to Sicily, he miracidonsly 
fe<l r i' ■ per-Mtris for three days with a 
little piece of bread left io the wallet of 
one of the travellers. — Father Giiy, AeU 
of Canonixation^ etc 

St. Gerard reproduces the loaves he h<U% 
ijiKii i.i\ni-i (A.r». 994). .*>t. (jer rd 
retired to his cabinet iust before dinner 
to pray, according to his usual castom. 
While there he Vieiird the voice of beggars 
asking fur bread ; and, going into the 
refectory, took three loaves off the table, 
and banded them to the beggars tbruugh 
the window. When he came to dinner 
be Haw the three' loaves liad txen re- 
placed, and n-Ued llie steward who had 
done it. 'I )i<' man |>rotestcd that no tin« 
had touched the table since it was laid, 
and Llmt no breed had been re|ilaced at 
all. When Gerard told the stewnrd be 
bad given three of the loaves to some 
beggars, the steward replied, then God 
uui«t have replaced them, for he was 

auite certain no one io the bouse bad 
one so.— Father Benedict, JU/r i/ St» 
(Jernrd I'lTdfi). 

Tbe tcttimutiy of Uib ft«viirl la nnt vortb much, ttm 
tm erUfatlr OM mot kdoir tSNt Oanutf bad tdum UirM 
loavM «ff the tobta^ 

A MHiirwhat diutUr Incident It toM of Alhot 
d'Ogna In I'/TV. Oii« lUr Im xn*t <iytrf\h\m on Ui« 
dliiiicr-Uble, pmvtdt-d 'iw hUiiwIf and fxmlly. t.< M>in« 
Nggani Hii w v- VI rt ineor; but, f,<ii kuiii,; into lh« 
diiiiiiK-mom, -til' l<>uii4 itug lalile r«futni«hnl with rsrrf. 
UUiig afiT'Ji.—^ci t Sandarum ( BoQau<li»U), HAy 14. 

Wheat mtUtiplied hy St. John franci§ 
Iteyis (A.i>. Ift97-1G40). St. John Franrie 

Itej^'in, the .Tesiiit, kept n ^jranary of wheat 
fur di!<tribution to the poor, and placed 
it under the charge of Margaret Bsud. 
One day Margaret announced that the 
granar\' waa quite empty, but St. Hegis, 
notwitfistHridiii^, fent a poor woman, 
who bad a Urge family, with an order 
for wheat. Margaret, mirprised at this, 
went nnd told St. I'e<,'is the chamber was 
quite empty, insomuch that it would »ot 
be poitsible to scimpe togetlier so much as 
a handful of com, much less a pokeful. 
"Go,'* said Kegis, "and fill tlie poke 
which this poor woman has brought.** 
Ma^aret persisted there was not a 
gniB ]«ft. "Do aa I bia yon,** said 



FOOD MULTIPUKD: CTARA— JOHN FRAXCT8. 



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FOOD MULTIPLIED: GRANDE— ISIDORE. 



B<ip«. So she went to the ^ninKry, und, 
to n«r utter amazement, found it full of 

wheat *".>'n lo tlir '■■i-i!In u'- Tlii- miracle 
wa« repented several times afterwards. — 
Father Daubenton (Jcwilt), X</« o/ St. 
Jofm FranctM Regis. 

F(jud viaced by John OratuU be/ore an 
image o/ the Virgin multipiied (A.n. 1646- 
16ub). in 1679 a (li«Miful famine oc- 
cttfTM hi Spain; brand failed, and th« 
distress was frightful, .lohn Grande was 
at Xere*! and exerted himself tiubly in 
mderlDi; anistanw to the starving 
people; bnt so many presented tbem- 
telves that all his resources were at 
leni;tli cxluiustecl. Mim's extremity is 
God's opportunity. John Grand^ put a 
•mall piece of bread and meat before the 
image of the Virfjin, and from that 
moment the more he gave tlic mora be 
had to give. Neither bread nor meat 
failed hini ao long aa the temine lasted. 
• -Let Pefitt BcUamditiet^ toI. ti. p. 487. 

GuUbert. fn-i:i.l,'r of thi' tX'/i lati'-n of 
VuUQ$i»brom, creates pike for Mc t ntcrfdm- 
munt of Lt9 IX. (a.D. 1049). While 

Cope I^eo IX. was visiting the Churches, 
e told Guilbert, founder of the con- 
grc^atifin of VHllomhrosn, lie should dine 
with him in his mooastery of jPaaaigno. 
QttUbeft fonnd there was no fish, lO be 
told two of the novices to ctx^i their linca 
in the neighbouring lake and get nome. 
The novice* replied, "There ore no lish at 
all in the lake ; " but the al>lx>t rebuked 
them, saying it was not thfir place to 
rf../ii>niitrafc, but to obey. So they went 
to the lake, and presently returned, 
bringing with them two mai^ificent 
J ikc. which /imply '' ^iplied the pope nnd 
all iiis retinut. — Wibert, Ltjc ot 6t. Leo 

IX , bk. li. 

Mermdattd mnitudie* twM (a.d. 
718). The eovnt of Naatee et Renncs, 

doubting the inimrnlcnis powers of St. 
Henneland, resolved to put them to the 
proof. So he called on the saint, and 
St. Herroeland, by his benediction onlv, 
multiplied a sip of wine presented to tBe 
count in h ^Inss, and obliged him by this 
miracle to throw himself at the siiint's 
feet and beg his pardon. After that, the 
count li^>t4<ned with more attention to the 
ghostly instructions of the saint. 

Ano't/ter laataifv. While on a visit at 
Coutaocee, in Normandy, a rich in- 
habitant of the place, named Lann^ 
reieivefl the saint under his roof. There 
wa» only one pint of wine in the house, 
bnt St. liermuMid gave of it to a large 
nnUitiide «t penone who had anembled 



on all sides to see him. Hundreds a'>d 
hnndreds drank of this wine, and still it 
failed not ; yea, after nil had drunk and 
were sntistied, there was uioie left in the 
vessel tlisn at fin«t. — Kulteau, J/istory of 
the }fn,if:s of the East, hk. i. ch. 87. 

St. Hcrmdanii prvtiuccs a lamprey trhich 
feeds a whole monastery (a.d. <18). 
While St. Uenneland wae at Aindretteon 
tiie Loire, a monk spoke to bin of a little 
fish, c;»iii 1 :i lamprey, which he had seen 
in the bishop's palace at Nantes. Says 
St. Henneland, ** Do von suppose that 
God cannot send such fish here ? " And 
while he was speaking a lamprey jumped 
out of tlie Loire, and threw itself on the 
bank close by the monk. St. Herme- 
land dirlded it into three pieces ; one he 
kept for him.Hclf, nnd the other two he 
sent to the monastery, and they sufficed 
to feed all the brothers there assembled. 
^Bulteatu JJiUvnf *>/ ^ Monkt of ihM 
Bcui, bk. 1. eh. 87. 

Si. Hiitriim feeds three (htiisand trifK 
n hiiwlnd rueasuret of grapca, and hat 
th rce hundred mttmmtkfi, SU Hilarion, 
visiting his mona^iteries, came to one 
which wa* occupied by a very miserly 
man. This vineyard was nttJirhed to a 
oonnsteiy, and the tenant bad placed 
watchmen in it to keep out the erowd. 
St. Hilarion, passtnfr hy this vineyard, 
went int«> another, and the crowd followed 
him. The saint blessed the Tincgraid, 
and the multitaide ate. Thte Tineyant 
Qsuslly yielded a hundred measoice 
of wine annually, but this year, when 
about three thousand persons had eaten 
of the grapes as much as they wished, it 
yielded, within twenty days, more than 
three hundred measures of wine. The 
other vineyard yielded iinn 'i I — t , in 
nsnal, and the fruit it bore did not ripen, 
so tiiat the grapes thereof were soar. — 
St. Jerome (A.l>. 399), Vifn Ft. ffu'arionis. 
See alio Nicepborus Callistus (died 
1350), Ecclesiastuxd History. 

St. Isidore feeds a arsoi orotod with the 
portion of food set asm for himself. One 
ni;4iit St. Isidore returned home later 
than usual, because he had entered a 
ehnreh on his way to pray there. When 
hp reached the homestead of fanner 
Var|,'as, for whom he worked, sup|ier 
was over, but a small portion bad Ik en 
set aside for him. Isidore took it to 
the door, whers a great crowd of poor 
people and jiilj^rims was assembled, dis- 
tributed to each as mueh a^t he would, 
and all went away tilled and fully 
satisfled, so gieatly'had the fuNl been 



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FOOD MULTIPLIED: ISIDORE --\TnTOLAS. 



[Ft. I. 



maltiplied.— From the Spanish L'ja of 
St. Jndort, 

Another examplr. St. I?<iilrir«* jninp«i 
the confraternity of Die Itfip.nry r>f Our 
Blessed l.Jidy, where, on certain dayti. i\ 
difttribation of bfwul mmI wioc was made 
tn tiM» "MdaHt.** Iridora Always pive 
bi^ qri ftA to the poor. On one (>cca!*inn 
It WK9 lari^er than usual, so be invited all 
the poor round about to coiM and receive 
his dole of bread and wine. Above 
three hundred MSMBblad ; and, as h« 
distributed, the bread an 1 wi- r kept 
multiplying, so that all the three hundred 
were filled ; and as they returned home, 
ihpy v'r 9(4 Uod lor Uw ottiacaloM 

liLKfrahfy. 

TlM Ife of f>t. Iddorr h for hf tlM hlRlMit 

r<hl« *nth()r|t>. ivivl lit rantxn awl In Umm ntraett 
irjiKUUoii (iriiiinl ni UtiumU. June IS, 10^. tnr John 
MaWkui. Xyj HNlcr* of •utbortaMtw bwu PblUi^itns of 

St. John Baptist de ta Conception 
tnuitipliea food (1661-1618). SU John 
Baptist de la (>>ncoption was bead of tbo 
reformed Trinitariims in the new c(»nvent 
of Val de Pegnas. On one octusion, 
being whoUjr without food, a gift of 
twelve loaves was sent to the conxent. 
Ten uf these he gave to the poor, leaving 
only two for tlie convent, which con- 
tainod tome hundreds of iniuates. lie 
emniiuuidod tira alewmid to biwk tho 
two loaves int< -iiiall pieces and hand 
round. All made a hearty repart. and 
there remained over and •naeiwit 
for the evening meal. 

On another occasion, being without 
food of any kind, tlic gaiiit t<ild the 
inmates they mu^t |>erfurcc observe the 
d»7 as • Tcritable fast. As he spoke 
two younp m^n knocked nt the gate, an<l 
gave in food of divert kinds " truly 
appetizing." When the porter denmnded 
from wfaom tha gift came, tbo yonog 
«ien «aad« answer, ''Take, take, and 
'give God ft ink-." So living, they de- 
parted, and were do more seen. — Godes- 

oud, Vit dtt atkUt$ (ooBttmad bj 



Darmt). 

8t. JordanvM tm 

urith t<ro a7 i/;/(' ? *i 



smft §ome fifty permma 
res (a.d. 1-.':17). St. 
Jordaous of Saxony on one occasion 
went to Ui« village of Ursaoe, in the 
Alps, in rnnipany with two brothers and 
a secular cierk. Hungry and tired, they 
entered the village inn, and aslced for 
■omethiag to aat. Mine boat informed 
them ha had nothing in the honae hut 
t -. o «niaU loaves, which In rr ,ijired for 
bis own family. St. Jordaaus requested 



the man to bring what he had, and set 
before them. He then invited the poor 
of the neighbourhood to come to the inn, * 
and soon thirty poor folks gathered 
b<-f' rr ihr iloor. Thohoat remonstnited ; 
ttaid it would not be possible to get food 
in that place; and wanted to send the 
poor Rwiiy. Hut St. .Tordanus di!»lribiited 
the bread fir^t to the Utirty pour folks, 
till all were filled; tten to hi? three 
ooaapaiiioQa, till Che/ weieaatiafied { then 
to the heat and all hit houae ; and laatlv 
to himself. Min>' h<i<tt was Btu|»eii<>d, 
and exclaimed, This man iit a saint." — 
Acta Sanctorum (Rollandiw), vol. ii. Febb 

St. Julian, bishop of Cium^'a, tnirucutotuii/ 
$uppiied tcith fvoa (a.d. 12U7). St. Julian, 
bishop of ( iiom.m useil daily to give 
dinner to a large number of paupers, and 
Qed need to mnltiply hia food mira- 
culously to enable him to continue his 
diariticd. StMnetiraes he would find the 
com in his granaries multiplied, eapedalljr 
in times of aeaicity. On one occasion, 
having Mihausted hi.n provisions, a long 
train of nnilc.M, without a single dn\ ( r, 
stiKMi at his gates. fcAch mule WA:j 
laden with com, and, after bein(^ unloaded, 
departed, no one knows whither. As 
there was no driver, there waa no one 
to |)Ay, and St. .lulian felt persuaded 
that the gift came from (jod«-"Acta 
jfanofopum (Bollandui), Jan. W. 

St. Maur multipies mne to sf'j'7<!i/ ijvrfts 
tpith it (a.d. 512-584). (>a une occasion 
St. Maur had to entertain unexpectedly 
the archdea^^on of Angers and more than 
sixty stningerri. He bad no wine in the 
houiiC, exce[)t a few dr ; s lu a bottle; 
but these f«>w drops he uiuitipUed so 
abundantly that all his guesta had aa 
nuuh they (iesired, and more WM 
left than the originai Quantity, t'austos 
(a companieD e(C St, Mmu), St. 



8tt Jtfhidbo e^ F§^m§ itp^tdktott tin 

sheejiy eaten b<j trrJies (a.i». 632). On 
one occasion St. Maidoc fed six hungry 
wi^ee with six fat sheep, aod then 
reproduced the sheep in their former 
state of life and fatness. — Bariog-Guuia, 
</ tk» StitU^ Jan. «l. 

BBriM-Ooald apolQilaM fcr Ui* pnOigi m mt 4o«» ts 
at HmMpc. Mftmt "ttwr >M teerMHU*;" hut kSMiM 
I hsfs MA utwhmiotfnirito laaMvaSB oetfiUs 



St. Nicholas levies com, and the lemes 
are mira<miinuly rettored. During n 
jjreat dettrth in Lycia, St. Niebnlaa 

lu.I'jrr:-! pvcrv sliip laden with C'lrn on 
its way to UoDsLaatinople to give hiva a 



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hundred meaciureii of the wheat (= four 
•acks), under promiie ttuU when the 
•hip re«eh«(t the dock* the crew would 

find tho gift repl«c<*(l. "With trii.- volun- 
tarv Uvy, St. Nicholas kept the l.ycinns 
wall tnpplittd with food; for not onlv 
were the nunJrwd mensurfs miracuhiuHly 
restored to the various Eshi(ts, but the 
qiiAntity given wm always miraculously 
increased according to wo noccMitiea <if 
the people. There never wm too little, 
anil thero never wa« too ninoh. (Sve 
K^cml. xvi. 17, 18.) — Mctapbrniit^ (died 
911 ), Liv^s, etc. 

St, OUdOt M«A<!p of CiunUt feeds a large 
nwnAer of vitUon mth a Titne fish (a.d. 
U(i2-I04!>). One day St. Odilo was in 
St. Martin's monantenr when u unusual 
number of viititors uimd, and there was 
nothing in the huu8<> tn cnt cxcopt u little 
fish. Odilo caused it to couie |>a«s 
that this little rish supplied a bountiful 
menl to all tho gucstsj all the inmates of 
the bouaei and all tu poor who came 
for alms. 

AuoUicr imtanc0. On another occasion 
ha oideitd that a number of travdlen, 
who ttscxpectedly arrived at the roonai- 
tery of Orval, shonld be served with the 
wim; and fnod |,ri i l Hl fur tlic inmntfH, 
This was dune, and though the hungry 
and thirsty travrilavt ate and drank to 
tlit'ir hearts' rontent, yet the refection 
W!i8 not UiiiiiuiaJieJ, »u that the wiuc- 
bottles and dit«hes seemed as if they had 
not been tottched*~ileia Sanctorum (bol- 
laadus), voU i. Jan. 1. 

St. liichard, biiliop of Chichester, fcedt 
thrre thousand poor foik with vm Imf of 
breiid lA.n. 1253). One day St, Richard, 
bishop of Chicheiiter, distributing a single 
loaf of bread, all that he bad, satisticd 
therewith three thiui>an'l hungrj" p«u|)ers, 
and after a hearty meal there was enough 
left to feed a bondred more. Hu bio- 
pniphcr says he frequently multiplied 
food in a siiuihir wuy.— J. Capprave, 
Lt iciuls of Enijlnivd. 

St, SonUf from three ripe grapes^ makes 
three barrels of wme {A.V. S0a-68U). 
Gontr.m. 'dnj; of Hiir^undy, with n !;»ri,'e 
lollowiti^' went to A juitaine, io the pro- 
vinea uf Peri'rord, to he cured by St. 
Sorus of leprosy. .After the cure was 
e<Tected, the saint invited the king and 
nil liis suite to a re|i.'i>t, iind tol«l his 
steward to spread a tabic suitable to such 
himoured guesta. The steward told Si. 
Sorus there Wfu no wine, nnd that DODO 
could be pr^KJured in time. ** Weil,** 
aaidhc, '*wliMof that? the hand of tiu 



14f 



Uird is not shortened. (j<> into the vitie- 
yard, and you will And three grape* 

plump and ripe; nlnck them, and brtnuf 

thein to ine." The «t<'wurd did hs he 
was bidtlen, and brought to the hermit 
tlic three gniftes. " Now," said the saint, 
"brin:^ hither three empty barrels, and 
squeext; the three tn^f»es into the three 
barrels." This did hi-, nnd the barrels 
overflowed with most excellent wine. 
When the table was laid, the king and 
his courtiers commended the wine, greatly 
enjoyed the food fivt before tltcm, and 

E raised the hin^piMlity of the hermit. 
Ling Gontran, to show bis giatitudej bnilt 
a monastery for poor tmvellerB, which ha 
cndoweil ri;4ht royally, and pliiecd undet 
the charge of his saintly host. The 
moriaatery wm bvilt, endowed with 
ininien!«e revenues, and provi lc 1 with 
everything necessary both wiihm Hud 
without ; for when kings acknowledge 
a benefit received, they acknowledge it 
like kings.— £«• PttUs Bottemdittee, vol. 
ii. p. 194. 

St. 'I'heresa d" AvUa mvUtifdks fiwui (a.d. 
1516-1.582). St. Theresa of A viU, founder 
of the barefooted Cannelitea, found that 
the flour in her con^'ent of Villeoeuve 
would not hist uhiive u month loiif^ur, «o 
she multiplied it iuto enough to last the 
whole community for six nootiia, and at 
rhf end of that time tlicrc was more left 
ilum thiii uri^iuul tjuuiitity.— Zcs I'titits 
Jioitaudinti's, vol. xii. p. 375. 

St, Tkeodimw the VamAmrok feed* 
thousands in a famhtt (a.I). 
Dnrinfx n, preat famine the ir.' n-.i^trry 
over which Thcodosius presided wu8 mi 
crowded, that tlie porters closed the doonPi 
and refused any further admittance. 
Still throngs crowded round the doors, 
criivinj^ hre.'id. St. Theodosius ordered 
food to be distributed daily to all who 
applied for It, and God provided that th* 
food piven was as rapidly replenii^hed. 
Un the Uml of the Virgio, the number 
of applicants was many thousands, but 
food was given to them all, as much aa 
they liked ; and after all had eaten and 
were tiikd, each took nway as tmich aa 
could be carried. It wus a veritable 
repetition of our Saviour's miracle in the 
desert, when with five small loaves and 
two tithes He fed fi/e thousand men 
l»esi«les women and cl)ildren ; or with 
seven loaves and a few litotes Ue fed 
four tiiAQsand men bcnides women ana 
rhildrcn. — Th< Jimi'in M iri'jrol,^;i/. (f'ave 
tells us tljii* life was wntteo by i beodonti 
Inibop of Pen.) 



FOOD MULTIPLIED: ODILO-TIIEODOSIUS. 



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Antdher exam}>/<'. ( )ne day St. Thco- 
doMUh and tevernl of his disciples culled 
on Marciao, • monk, and asked him to 
*ct food before Uiem. Mnrcian brought 
forth a olatc of lentils, and said he bad 
no bread in th« eell. St. Theodosios, 
observing; n pninll rninili of bread on the 
nionk'ri huliit, said, '• Ho«r any vmi, 
brother, there is no bread in the cell V " 
and banded biro tbe crumb. I1ie monk 
took it In hie hand and carried it to kbo 
larder, whereupon it became bread suf- 
ficient to »et before his guests ; nnd next 
day it liod so multiplied that it filled the 
larder and ran out through the door in 
ffrent abundance. — Acta SanctvrHtn (Bol- 
Jandu!«), vol. i. .Inn. 1. 

Food mullipiied bu St, Vincent Fcrrier 
(A.D. 1867-1419). Time would M! ut If 
tre told of the sick folk healed by St. 
Vince nt Ferricr, the blind he gave sight 
t^>, tlie deaf he gavo limring to, the 
dumb be gave ap^h to, the women he 
relieved from the pains of childbirth, the 

Salsit-d lit- restored to .stron^jtli, niitl the 
ead he rained to life ; but we must not 
•mit to mention that many a Ume and 
oft he nuilliplied brcnd nnd wine so 
•rodigioujily as to supply two thousnnd, 
our thousand, and even six thousand 
penons with a single loaf of bread and 
a tingle pint of wine ; and after the 
rjiuUitiidc hnd eaten nnd ilrtink to satiety, 
tile residue left was uiunifold more than 
the original quantity. This hhow^ us 
that even our Lord nnd Saviuur .lesus 
Christ "n'op^re pas de nioindrts niirfu-les 
{»nr nerviteurs que ceux iju'il a faits 
par lui-meme."— K. P, Pnulel, Vis du 
StM Vineent Ptrrier. 

An lnrM>-nt mriili»nrtl h; lUyinond. t>>« ronftmr af 
WL C'sthvrinr uf i^ieiu, on tlir Iif« u( Uutt Mitiil, will 
Mplain fituw of llic "miracirt' of \hr mul(l|i!k-a(i<>ii or 
•apittf uf fiiai. K« mtft, ' Ufic d») St. CaUwrine went 
In fMt • poor widow wni— axiliKd to har bad. and 
■mvmI Io euoipMakw br bw Mrti t uf |««crtr datcniilned 
1u Ki\i\Ay roiial « ithniit la'fiiK tren iir known. 6t)r Sltrd 
her Ut|p. loa'i'd |j< r 0 > iLilcn. aiwl lirr Iiai«U, wIIIi wiitr. 
curn. kiid uil. Ui the uii>Mjiita( • hundrnl i«Mjridi. On 
OfNnlnx the cottAsc duur on* of Uie Imki fell fn>in her 
■bouklrr and wuke lh« woouui. wIk> caiiglit ilslit uC 
CStkcrtne's roW m fhe ran off, Miid r«r<«niM)d hir. Had 
tfril liol beea Uie cue. the food wuuUl h«TC kMQ pil 
4««nM«a iRbMukMM aupidjr latiMd of a assMS yrtrai* 

Oarment touched or tonoUnir. 

MATt. I\ -Jii, 21. A w.,uiftii which WM 
di««ji!«<l witli ftii lHm>' uf lil.H<l tvnlvf yi'ftin 
<aiiie .IfMi", iiiul t'liu lii'it ilx- li< Ml of 

K«n)i< tii ; for sli<- M d wlUiia liencl^ If 
1 may tuit touch II W ganncuftl Sliall be whola. 
(Sc«' Nuuib XV. 'S\ 39 ) 

Matt. xIv. 36. All the country of Oeone- 
aarec went to see JtMusi an<l brought to bias 
all thai wmdlscaard. and basM^ Him thai 



[Pt. I. 

th< 3r might only t»ucf» \ ho heiiiul Hi"* parnicnt ; 
ftiKi ai uiany n*. touched mit>- iiuulc ]>«■ f<Mly 
i» hole. 

M-n xlx. 11, \1. JJorl wrought np-ciil 
miracles bjr the band<< ol Paul: ^u th-t t < ui 
bis body were bruught unto the rKIc IibikI- 
kercfaleiK or apn>n^ anti the tltteft^eK departed 
ftoai them, and ovU spirito went 001 4if tbim, 

A parnli/tic aired 6y ktssiny the ftmt 
of St. Amitnm'B yar$nent. When Ht, 
Ambrofle, at hi* •ister'a feqn<«t, went 

to visit a grent lady, he saw, sitting on 
a chair, a palsied woman. His eiutcr 
called his attention to her, and as he 
approached the chair the paralytic kissed 
the hem of bis nrment, and was instantly 
made whole.— FmiI tDO deacoD, Lift cyf 
St. Ambroae. 

llie touch of 8i» Awnhuft cope re i inm 
a child to life (a.i>. V2'2h). St. AnjrrliK. at 
the age of twenty-six, went to .K rns.ilfin 
to take priest's orders, nnd while tiierc, a 
woman broiucbt her dead ami to him, laid 
the body at nis feet, and implored him to 
restof'j It to life. An-clus resiste<l for a 
time, saying he was too young and too 
unworthy to aak M great a favour of 
tiod ; but the wnninn persisted, and the 
young priest yiebicd to her imiK>rtunity. 
He threw his co] < .\ . r the child, and aa 
be pra;^'ed, the child returned to life, 
publishing abroad the glory of the 
AImi;:hty and the merits of the young 
priest.— "/,f« J'etUs JioilaHdistis, vol. v. 
j.p. 312, 3-13. 

A danuniac aired as soon as the qarftwnt 
of St. Antony uf Pndiia tmuAed /tun (a.d. 
n9.>-12Jl). St. Antony of Padua waa 
called to sec a brother monk who was ill ; 
be waa Mreaming horribly, laughing, and 
tossing himself nliout. It occurred to St. 
Antony tliat the man was pofsessed, so 
he threw his mantle over him. Immedi- 
ately the garment touched the demonioCi 
the devil left him, and he was curc«l. 

An"t/.>r iust'itux. When St. .\ntonjr 
was in the abbey of Solignac, one of the 
inmates, tormented by the devil, prayed 
bin) to intercede on hi>< behalf. St. 
Antony took off bis cloak and put it on 
tlie shoulders of the demoniac ; where- 
upon the impure spirit departed, and 
never returned again.— L'abb^ Guyard, 
I.ifc uf St. Antouy of I'adu t. 

A tfotmn utth a blood// /lux healed bjf 
f'tiirhimf the hem of Aquika^w qarmeni,* 
William of Tocco tells us, that while 
Thomas Aquinas was coming out of SU 
Peter's church on Easter Sunday, ■ 
woman who was diseased of a bloody flux 
cane bduud, and touched the hem ef lu» . 



OASMBNT TOUCRBDt AMBROS^AQUIKAS. 



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Pr, I.] QAftMBNT TOUCBEDi BSRNARDIN-JOHM JOSEPH. 151 



gnnnent. No stxin^r had she done bo 
uuuB she WAS, eDtirely cured. Alban 
JBvtler lepMte tbia trmaiHoo a» not too 
•xtn»raj;;ntit even for bin CX|HII|gpt«d 
c»lendar ul iuimu (Murch 7). 

A uwrum hettled 01/ ttmching the garment 
t/iH, Jternardin{im-l4Uf, A woman, 
•afferine from a sore whicb wm pro- 
nounced bj* physicians incurnblr, touched 
the edge of the garment of St. iieruardin, 
Mid wa« instantly made whole. 

Another inst tiuw St. Beriiardin gave 
ft pair of hu 6hi>eH to a poor lei>or, and 
immediately the leper put them on, his 
leprosy left him, and he became as well 
M if be had iMver been afflkted.— Barnaby 
i f 8i(na (« eontemponury). Lift pf St. 

Uerwtirdtn, 

8t. Charles B o mmmtf* ehak cures Sister 
C<tndi<Ai of a disease pronounood to be m- 
cnrabie (the day of St. I'eter and St. 
I'iiiil, ir.ol). .Slater Candida, of tli«' cou- 
veot of the Capuciaesnct, ia Milan, had 
been tick for three years, and her disease 
was pronounced to he inoiirahle. After 
receiving the " last sucriiinLiit," she luadu 
a vow to St. Charles Uttrromeo, and bade 
her attendants lay over her the deoenaed 
taint's fiovrn, which he wasaoeititotned to 
wear in hin j ri . .n 1 1 Iininediately 
thegowD touched the invalid she recovered, 
foeeontof bed, and carried the ^own in 
her own hands back t*) the churcli. rhi» 
miracle i& attested by till the aistcrti of 
the convent, and tilled them with amaxe- 
nieot.— Francis i'enia, Abridffmmt of the 
JJfe of St. Chartet Bottomto. 

St. Gileses clooJt cures a sick hej<]'ir. 
One da}' St. Giles saw in the »tr«.»et a oick 
man, who asked alms of him. St. Giles 
replied, "Silver and gold have I none; 
but such a:i I liave, pve 1 unto thee." 
So s«} ini;, he stripped off his outer 
liarmeut and gave it to the beggar. Ho 
iouner hadthebeg};ar put on the eloak than 
he was entirely cured of his inlinnity. — 
Ijilbertuit (bishop of Ciiruutuuij, vj 
Ht. OUes. 

St. Uregoru't rochet kills a Jew (a.d. 
26 1 ) . Two Jews plotted together to over- 
reach St. (ire;^ory (Thaun)atiir;;>iii), whom 
they saw approaching. One laid himself 
on the ground, pretending to be dead, and 
fhf" '-tlu r I ri tended to be bewailing the 
kuduea de.ith of hin companion. When 
St. Gregory came up, the '* live " man 
•aid to him, ** O man of Uod, help nie in 
my misery. This my companion has just 
fiillrn down dead^ and I h;i\ t- iiofliinj; to 
wrap him in." bt. Gregory, taking oil 
Hw rachaCi laid it over tho man on the 



ground, and went his way. *' Come alon^', 
old fellow," said the other Jewj *'up 
with you ; the man u gone, and tre havv 
not Hi 1.5. a bad market;" bat his com- 
panion feiirred not. *' Up, I say ; no one 
IS near, let us be off," penistBd thn 
** living" Jew. StiU liis oompanion 
answered n«)t a word. In fact, be was 
dead. He died the moment the rochet 
touched him. Like Ananias and Sappliira, 
h«> con:4ent«Hi to a lie, and the judgment 
of the L in! -ivas upon him. — St. (Jregory 
of Nyssa, J.ijn 0/ St. Grojory f/tamna- 
turgus. 

A leper heated by the touch of St. Hugh's 
eUnk (k.f». 1024-1109). St. Hugh, abbot 

of ri,:ny, went one day f i visit the 
monasteries of (iriscony, and saw on the 
road a leper. This leper was once very 
rich and of excellent social standing, but 
he fled from society, and buried himself 
in solitude. Hugh entered his cabin, 
spoke kiodly to him, and throwing his 
cloak over the niaa'a ibonlders, the leproey 
left him,— Loiain, Jlistorjf eftheAUey of 
Ciuni/. 

2Vm> children cured bij bein/j touched with 
a rag cut from $h$ garment of John Frande 
Beyu, the Jettdt (a.n. 1597-1640). A 

woman of Marliien, st-eiii^ tlic garmi-nt of 
St. Kegis in holes, asked to be allowed to 
mand it; to wlueh the saint readily 
assentoil. The woman had two sick 
children lit lite time; one was ill of 
dropsy, and the other of scarlet fever. 
8he laid on eadi child a piece cut from 
the garment which she had repaired, and 
immediately hoth the children were 
re^iUired to perfect health. — Father Dau- 
benton (Jeeuit), Ufe of 8L John Fimnam 
Re^jis. 

Tuuchinj the garment of St. John 
Jitscph miiiitiw: (a.d. It'>.i4-17c<4;. Car- 
dinal Wiseman says many were healed 
by merely tonchtng the garmenta of St* 
.lohn Joseph of the Cross, and many bj* 
touching SU John Joseph. For example, 
the mother of * madman held bis manUi 
befi>re her son, and the madman instantly 
lea|>ed out of the window into the street. 
Everyone cx|KCt<d h' s uhihave been 
crushed to death, for the window was in 
an npper stitry; but not only was he 
uiiinjtirea, he was actnaUy restored to hia 
right mind. 

Again. Casimir Avellon healed his 
wife of spaams in the shoulders, wbick 
had resisted all the remediea hitherto 
tried, by simplN placing on the part 
affected a small piece of one of the gar- 
nanta of St. John Jeaeph. 



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152 



GARMKVr XnT CHED— GATES OPEN". 



[Pt. t. 



A lady tullefinK fnim neunUffW in the 

hciul vfnn rured by touchinf» the saint's 
hands. Sinularly ablind ronn wu« cured, 
and an infant of throi' \ I'lirs cild who was 
a cripple. — Migne, J/emm9tratifms £'niA- 
fHimias^ vol. xvi. 

A demoniac cured by tnnrhxnq the hem of 
/?t. /Athin's qartnent (a.D. f^l). Among 
the many niiraclct wnM|^ bv St. Lttbin, 
bishop of GhutfM, w« Are told that a 
dnmsel, pMMised nf an «ril spirit, was 
d<-livrri j In- tcucliini; tlie horn nf bis 
garment. — Uiipre, SaintJi da Jiio**. 

A Wooffv X»<vC staunched by ioiichinq the 
fjftrmtnt r" <?, Pacomiua (a.o. 318). 
A wunmii, nfHicted with a hlnoiiy tiux, 
induced a monk to permit her l^i Htand in 
the duuch where ahe coald touch St. 
PiMoiniini wh«n 1i« went to the altar. As 
the nbbot p.nsscd by thit woman touched 
the hem of his garment, and was instantly 
made whole. — Hia life by one of m 
monks of Tabenna, a contemporary. 

A Pieman vpith a cancer curtd bu ti»tching 
the garment of Si. Thi <Hl<,s,\is the Cmo- 
Imrch (A.b. 42^629). One day, when St. 
TheodorfuR the r<cnobiareh was preaehinfi; 
in the churrh nf .Ifrusalcut . i •;v;>nmn with 
a horrible ranrcr waitfd lor tiini uuUiide 
the church : f<>r shr> said within beroelf, 
*' If 1 can but touch his gannent I shall 
be made whole.** When St. Thendomns 
passed by tln> woman, »ho touchtii bis 
garment, and Dtmi^rlitway v,m iimde 
whole. — The Roman M ti (•/roiof^ff. (Cave 
says the lif»' of St. I licotlo^ins in this 
martyroloj;y was written by 'Ilu-odore, 
bishop of Pera. ) 

A yxman eturtd of ague bjf her beads, 
ifikiek had tovehed Mfottut the ttmtb of St. 
Alfon.fn /!.^fr!<ju.'-: {\.u. I. 5 *2t»- 1 (5 17). ^ome 
four days after the death of St. Alfonso 
RodriqMi, a woman eick of an a^ue sent 
her son, a boy of scren years old, to 
tfmch the tomb of the SMOttinth her beads. 
The hoy having done so, took tlie bcuiLs 
to his nic>ther; and the woman placing 
them round ber neck, the fever left her. 
She lived nianv years afterward-s, and 
enjoved far belter health than she bad 
before.— Michael Joliaa, Lift of A. 
Atfotuo Bodriqm*. 

A piece cf tk» omaoel of Si. Aifim$o 
JRf>driffuez tntr^s iin i.^su- of bfoo^i {.s.n. 
1626-lUi;). Two days after the death 
of Si. AHonio Bodnqiics« thete came a 
woman afllicted with an issue of blood, 
whose life was despaired of, insonuK'h 
tLst a father had been itent for to a.-r«ist 
at her ex pected death. Before the father 
arrived, a piooe of tht canock of AlfoBio 



Rodfiqnm was laid on her, and tht 
moment it touched her, she cried out with 
a loud vi»ii'», " Prai.«e be to (lod, I am 
cured I " 1 ht' w:»-< Mtannrhed, and 

the ague from which she was suffertog 
left her. The woman lired after thii 
miraculous curefornmny years. — Michael 
Julian, Life of St. AlfuH^ RixirKjurz. 

A cancer cured bif a ynrce <>f t/tf cloak 
of St. A Ifonso UodHqmt ( I63W'- 16 17). A 
woman suffering from caneerinthe br^et 
laid a piece of tin > I of St. Alfonso 
Bodriquez on the part affected. The 
moment the eletfa totiehcd her, a etraaa 

of cnrnifit matter ran fmm thi breast ; 
Ujc wiHiiul healed in two dayb ; and on 
the third day she bad an abundanca 
of para milk to give her yonog babe. 
This miracle was sworn to b^ an eya- 
witness.— Michael Julian, £■/« «f 8t, 
Alfonso Rodritinet. 

Aholf father or ti»efinri«tr of JtMit Mhmttat 

■t ttaa Comb of Uib nlnt lulnwlm wm vrougfat, ■Jia 
U he altnupted to itarticuUrlxc each oim, ba oUibt 
nitf^pt the Ijiiiiptnec of John the E>iui|{rltit. "I mip\xim 
ihnt i-< . It th« «iirM lt«rir rviiM not OMitAiii lh« book* that 
ihould bo writtao : " or. In wtbcr »unt>. tU»t Ui* Duiubcr si 
bmfc* vlitcli «mM t« nqnind tm Hw swpOM VMM 
•MMd an (ks hMii Ami ssttwt 

Gates optning of their Own 

Accord. 

Acta zU. 10. When they were past (ha tnt 
and asewnd waid. thej esme unto the Iroo aata 
that Uodeth unto ihedty, wbiehe|MMd to Ik m 
oritao«n accord. 

Acts xvL 25, It. At midnight Paul and 
Silas pniyr-d . . . and su<l«l<;uljr (here was a 
gn at earibqeahe . . . and all the doors wem 

opeued. 

The qates of Paris open of thmr own 

h;ol ^rcAt resjiect fur St. Uenevitvc, and 
was unable to refuse her when she pro- 

frrn .i a |>elition. On one occasion, wiiea 
the kii)^ was about to put to death a 
number of cnptiv*-* taken in war, he 
commanded the city gates to be dosed, 
lest St. Generi^ve should come and interw 
cede for thfir Ii!>praf ion. When the saint 
heard tliereof, she hurried to the city, 
and, touching the gates, they instantiv 
flew open to ner, thou^rh they ware both 
locked and bolted. Goinj; at once to tha 
king, t>he fell on her knees b. f' r*- him, 
and refused to ri.<4e till Hbe obtained bo 
petition. So the captives were rel«ued, 
ami the derd of Mood wa"* stayril. — 
liaring-Cit'ulil, /.avi cf ih.- St,nt-, Jan., 
p. 60. 

For utber «sainplM coocoU Ote Index. 

G«haai. 

SKiMSf.tt^. When Xsaman was COM 



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OVHJUa: PRBBBHTS TAlfPBBBD WITH* 



yr.1.3 

^ bid lf>r>ro«T he want«d tn rc««rd Klisb* 
villi goU and fltiicr gift* 4 but tbt propfaet 
fcAiiitd to take wytbinf . tftlwsi, th* *«rv«nt 
of Ellaba, ratulvcd to proiU by bto M««kr • la- 
dependMMA. ran aft«r tiie Sjrlaii capuin, 
Mving, My Dustei hAtli p^nt ih«>. Kiylng. II* hold, 
even now there l^e come 10 me from Mount 
Ephtaim t«o young men *>T the M>na of th« 
prophetn: itlve thorn, I piav tli«^. 11 t«l<>nt of 
i<il\'T, aiid two clwnKe^ of raliiit til. Nuaiu«n 
tttitl. r.f (oiitcnt. tmk** tun Ijl'-iitv Si tbry 
beiiiid for liliu twij tjileo''- <>1 »il\. r In twnliag*, 
•mi sent tuu oervants with him. >> sr\uf:, two 
cbangoii of (^smicnix. IWfore Ui' > r« ;K K'il the 
tower, (iehazi to<tk the (carm'-nUfi bimwif. and 
•ent the SyrUn fiervanUi back again. \\ hen 
Gehazi f>ho\\ ed hinif^lf t>ihi«> maHrr, KlUliaaatd 
to bim. Whence comeat thoil, (iehaz) ? And 
Gebasi an«%vered. Ttiv »«tv«iiI haa been no 
whttbcr^ Tben8..ul LU-iia tobim. W< nt noi 
my beATt wUb tbee« when tb« man tarord aHtin 
ftwnbtadwHoi totneet tb«e? IsltatltoAta 
receive moiiMr, Aikt to fMrlvc canneiitar 'llM 
teproay tlien«ii« of NwoMii iImiII cIi 
thee and tiiy MH-d Ua tut. And <Jebagt went 
out from the preMMoa of EUaba a l^tr wbito 



St. Bntedki reproved onu of kit diaeiptn 

for ri'(vir{tuj <t prff<-nt frnm Some nuriM 
(a. I.. Am-M9). One day, when St. 
Ilenedirt was cn;,')i;:»'(i on 11 missionary 
(our, he MOt one of hia dia»ci(tlea to » 
nmmenr to deliver th« exhortation for 
him. Tl»e ntma Iw^crirrrl thr monk to ac- 
cept some handkerchiefs whirli tliey had 
made, and he bid them in liis )><>>icni. On 
hU retam to the moDUtery, Uie patriarch 
net lum, tnd mid to bitn aevevdy, How 
ia this, my brotli<<r. tlint you hftvc suffered 
iniquity to enter into your bosom ?" The 
noDk was amaxed at this reproof, and 
coald not at once tell what the saint 
referred to. *' Was 1 not with y«»u when 
you received the hnndken-hiefs which you 
hid in your boaom ? Ia thia the way you 
keep your Towe of poveKy and obedi- 
enrc?" Tb'^s'' words fell on flie monk 
like a clap of thunder, and, falUug at the 
feet of the abbot, he demanded penance, 
and threw away the handkerchiefs which 
bad been fHven Mm.— ^St. Gregory the 
Great, DfiS'^i'i's, lik. ii. 

«/o/in, the TiKcessor of St. Mncarius^ ap- 
propriated to hmaelf the rcrmuet of the 
oftVy, and became a leper (f«turth century). 
.John 9ucceed<"d Macuriiis, abbot of Alex- 
andria, a. i>. 394. St. Mttoariiis, knowing 
hia great foible, bad said to him, " Brother, 
^omr frreat temptation ia avarice. Resist 
If, or be !isoure<l the lot nf (Mhazi will be 
yours also.'* In«tfnd <>f proiiliu^ by Uua 
advice, as soon as Macariiis was deaa, and 
John saooeeded to the abbacy, he apitro- 
wialtA to hioifeU the itvouMs wl' ' 



l>elonf;ed to the poor, and became a Ie|»er, 

cov» r< ii witli • It [ibantiaitis, " qu'on no 
trouvatt (in tout mm corpa la lar^eur 
d'un doi};ht qui n'en fut g,iLl^."—^Ln Peiii9 
BoflemdiStee (I8«<»), .Inn. 2. 

A stoten bottle of trine converted into a 
sfriH'jit. A man of \\'\\:.\\ condition ^t-nt 
St. Itenedict two flagons of wine, but the 
valet stoic one, and hid it under a tree. 
Wlien hp Jcliwrod tho ntlipr at the nbl»e^ 
of Mount Cujiiiino, liie iiaint received it 
courteously, but said to the manflervHnt, 
''Un your return home* mv man, don*l 
forget the flagon under the tree; but 
b»'forf } ou yni it into your mouth, look 
well into it. Adii'u." When U»e itian 
picked up theflitgon which he hod stolen, 
and looked into it, inotvuJ of wine, he 
found then'Ti a deadly asp. This niiracU 
had siioh HU elTfcl on tlio yonnt,' \ulct, 
that he turned monk, and St. Ueoedict 
called him *• Rrother Exhihiratus.**— Stt 
{Ir(»;:ory tlicGrt-at, l^inlo-pu'^, l>k. ii.eh. 1* 

TtiU "nii-iii:Ir" li rvpestej In tbc lif« >4 Dnmluls 
ofBorn. itl- t ^^'lyrmnUtcr. (Sm MXt two artlcltv i 

StiAcn fish conxicrted 6y Hi. Dominic into 
a serpent (a.j>. 1081). A certain person 

sent to St. I)oniini<* of Sora Fome fl-li, 
but the man eliargcd with the commis.sion 
stole (tart, and hid it underatreo. Whcs 
he delivered tlie residue at the monaster^*, 
St. Df>ininic said to the man, " Prm't 
forjjet the lisli under the litidi-n trtM-." 
When the man arrived at the sfiot, b" 
found, inateml of a Aah, a nest of 
serpents, and fled in f^nr of his life. — 
Cardinal Alheric II., Ai/r of jSf. Duuumo 
of .%ra; alao AtA* Suutomm, toL iik 
p. 66, p^in^^,^^^^,,^,^,^.,, ^ , J 

Stoten brettd </;»</ nine omrertrd into 
poison and a serpent by St. Voter y (A.iy. 
619). A piotM lady sent by her son 
some food and wine to St. Valery of 
Luxeuil, but the Imi liid u jjart, intending 
on his return to feast thereon. When 
he delivered the pieaent to the saint, 
Valery said to him, " We thank God for 
the bouritios s«'nt by your liand ; but 
when you return home, my son, take cnre 
how you put to your mouth what you hid 
in coming;, for the food is poisoried, and 
a serpent is in the fiacon." When the lad 
rtui lied the s|>ot where he had serreted 
what he had purloined, the food was quite 
uneatable, and a snake had ciept into thu 
flaf;on. Tlic boy in ti^rror nxn back to 
St. Valery, ftil at hid f^et, auU bef;ged 
pardon for his offence. (See the two pre« 
ceding l^oda.) — Beaaapon (1864), L$$ 



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IM 



On>B()K*8 STRATAGEM-GIFTS OF TONGUES 



fit. I. 



tnHt$tonffs, 

Wtf jmntsJird by St. I.<:uf,\<hu (a.I>. 738). 
A tnief, having stolen some millBtnneti 
from I^ufr«diu*B monnsten', was taken 
bv the saint before the mn-xistrate of the 
district. Here he behnved like a man 
beside himself, and called Loufredun a 
lUr And a Hlandeier. Leufredua simply 
•nswered, ** Msy God jadfce between uiee 
*nd nic ; " and at the selfsnnie lioiir all 
the teeth of the thief broke in hi:» two 
laws. As the leprosy uf tidMi was m- 
tailed on his posterity* for ever, so were 
tile broken teeth of this thief ; for, as the 
chamberlain of |nipi_- Iak XI II. siiy<, 
toatc SA posterite n'a point cu de deat«." 
— MKT. Gn^n, VSw <£« 8aM$, voL tB. 

On« could wril wUU tn know tb« rbiuntir rial n't pr.i.if of 
thb U'OtlilruriiUul Tin uccumuce " ti»<li • ^i. ti,c 
dtucc of K»r«uii. iiHiievhirre »bii«it A.l>. 7*1, wt> olr^ni 
iMUMlmd fe»rt aKu. Dum Mgr. Gutrin knuw any of Ihew 
tMthieu cmtttrett mud has b« »aj pmal wluttever Uwi 
flw nr« luu iw«ti M te wknm hiMtni jmnt If to. 
Ik* mlnu::«" i il|tilln lljlilitiM— WtWlUlwnMllMii 
M old wIvm' Ul«u 

G-ideon's Stratagem. 

Jrao. vll. lA-M. WheaOkkoBWtntantDst 
fbe allM MfdlmHes aail AmalcUtc^ be 
■elected tbree hnndriHi men, wblrh he divided 
into ttiree cnmiMtiirN aiiil totd the m^D to 
conceal a lamp tn a i>itch<>r, and to take a 
trompet. HU scheme wii« tu i>ur)>ri«e tii- f<>o, 
an<l Hprcad a patt c atiioiig them Su <ii<l(H>ii 
with tlie tlin-o coinpanifj.. at tlif lH>|{iniiinK of 
the iiiiJil!>- watch, Kti'l*- (owiird-* the camp ol the 
'o ■, and all <jf a 8ii<l(l'-ii •■rrry man l>|t-» JiIj* 
tnimprt. l>rako the piicIxT which coticcal- 1) iiis 
lamp, and shouti-d, Th»^ t«v\nrd "f the l^:ird, 
liul of (;ide<)n ! The Mld-nn i. •■ atul tln ir a llfS 
toMT in terror and fled, aod the Lord net wery 
man'K •» ord agaittK bb felUw, tbeovertbrow 
was ooiupleU'. 

Michaei, kina of the Bfilgariatui^ tvbdues 
am army cf fwionr btf wax eandtet (a.d. 

96fi). The l?\)Ifrnrifins rfvulttd. licoriiise 
Michnel Uieir king had fornnkeii the 
national faith, and became a Christian. 
If arching againit the rebela, the king 
•btaiaed an caay Tietnr>', by availing 
llimielf of a panic. Tliu r< In !- 1 itlier saw, 
or thought thcT saw, »even clerks with 
wax candles setting fire to a bouRe, and 
feared lest the burning house should fall 
upon them, and the king's cavalry tmniple 
them to d«ath. Too terrified to tlee, they 
lay oo the earth trembling^ aod, of eourMt 
there was no difficulty in redaeinit them 
to submission. — Henschenini, Lives of St. 
Curil and St. Mvthixliua (March »j. 

Gift of Tongues. 

Aon U. 1-11. When the daj of Peutccoat ' 



waa Ailly ceaM . . . there were In Jemaalem 
devont men ent of every nation nader bcaven 
. . . and tlM^ were ooiiRNNide4 hecemt eecry 
man hnard [tbe apoiitlew] incdk In Ma own 
l&nguafce . . . ParthlanN,anaMcdcivand Blam- 
Iten, and the dMeilern In Memputarala, and In 
Judasa, and CtppaiJocia. In Pontiia, and Asia, 
Fbrygla, himI I an ) liylia, in Egypt, and in the 
narta of Liliya al>"Ut Cyrene, and atraiiRepi itf 
Itome, Jews and proselytes l'n*l«-» an. I A< abiaiia, 
hoard In their own tongue* th.- ufKistlin hpeak of 
thi; wonderful works of Gt^l 

1 Cor. xil. 4-11. Then' ar»' diTer*Me« of 
(flfla . . . to one Is piv«>n the word of wi-iilom, 
to another the gUl of healing, to aoo!her tbe 
w orking ef miiiclee, to anoiMr dhren kind of 
tongues. 

St. Antomy of Padua had the gift of 
tonipifs. St. Antony of Padna had, 

together with his other endow uKut^, tha 
gift of tongues, dear, pleasant, und shrill. 
'I'honi^h thousandH of every nation under 
heaven came to hear him, yet all under- 
stood him. As it hftf)i>ened in Rome ; 
wii' ii ;i cTHwd of foreigners stood around 
him, and he preached in Italian, all 
affirmtd fhat they heard him s|)eak in 

their own native l.'ingaage. The snmo 
thing hapl>e:ied w hen the apostles, on the 
day of rcnteeost, sp«ike in Jerusalem to 
the men there gathered together out of 
ever}- nation nndcr heaven. — Edward 
Kineemaa (10S8), lMe$ 9/ th$ SoMt^ 
p. 8<>7. 

St. Iternardin preached to the Oreekt Ai 

It tHtn, nml u /i>tt tfu'>/ /tr ir<i fj (inrek 
(a.i>. 1:}ho 14-li;. St. Heriianiiu on one 
occasion had to preach to Greek but 
not knowing the Greek language, he 
preached in nia native Italian, and was 
understood as well as if he had sjn^kcn 
in (ireek the wonderful works of (»od. — 
Uaninl)v of Siena (a contenponrv), lAft 
of St. hemardin. 

St. Pacfjinhu inspired na a moment with 
the (Jreckdnd Liit.n lanpuiirs (a.Il J".*.'- 
3tt<>. St. Pacomius knew only one 
language, his native Egyptian ; but ono 
day a religious from Itidy came to con- 
sult him on a case of conscience: aod 
Pacomius, kneeling in prayer, said, *'0 
God, if the knowledge of iaqgnagat ia 
eeeential, in order that I may make 
known Tliy will to atrangen, why hast 
Thou not given me this gift? If it 
seemeth goml in Thy sight give me now 
the gift of tongues, that I may be useful 
to Uiis stranger." So saying, he rose 
from his knees, and found himself a 

Crfect master of the Greek and lAtin 
iguages. — Hie Life, by a mofsk of 
Taljenna, one of hi* disciples. 

Wlten St. Vutcent ferrier preached, ail 



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fmrwfmera understood him (a.D. 1857- 
I MOV St. Vinoont Forrior went about 
preaching. lie was accu(ii|iai>iitrl by fifly 
priests, a larne ninnb«»r of Tertianes of 
the ord«r of I>omtnic, and a maititad« 
of ponitenta. The audimee of atnDgen 
ftiiioiintol often to ff-n thnnstmd, hut 
thougli tbe crowd wati m enoniious, Uie 
persons furtllMt off heard him as dis- 
tinctly as thoAc near hin) ; and although 
all nationalities were amongst the hearers, 
Frenchmen ftml Itiilian*, (jermnns iiml 
Kncliahi Spaniards and Portuguese, all 
nndbialood every word that was uttered, 
as if it had been spoken in their own 
tongue.^ — Peter Ranzano (bishop of 
Liioem), Xt/c o/ A. FAieeiU Jnnitr, 

We m awta toM. In Um him Ur*. tbkt fit. ViooMt 
went to Genoa In 1409, and thoti«h h« prMched In 

F)iJ»I**>. «tr>njs»>rii ufull ti4ttion«lltie«. wholowi uatm- 
U:nl lit ibM impurtxiit muH. Linil«r>U>ui) bini Mwtll i>^i 
If iggg^ ffi^ bmn itiMn.'SM'd in lih own Uugiusu. 
— Mfr. Ouirln, yif dtt >ainu, ToL iv. p. Zil. 

St. Francis Xamer had ike gift of 
ton-jues. As soon as Xavier came into 
any of those strnnge coiintrii's uln 1 r 
preached the gospel, he spoke the language 
of the people inatinetively, were it ever 
Bo different from any other lanj^nnj^e of 
Uic clobe. Not only so, but be i^puke it 
•a miently and elegantly as if he had 
been e native brought up bv the chiefs ; 
eo that every otttion end trine heard him 
in its own ton^rne ; and If persons of 
divers languages hearkened to bim at one 
and the same time, each one heard the 
sermon in his own mother tongue. — 
C'ariJin il ihrnt^'i speech before iiregory 
yv ,<it t/,t ciinuiiizaUMttf franrnXemtr, 
Jan. I'J, A.D. 1G2'2. 

Qlaatonbury Thorn. 

The legend of the Glastonbury thorn 
ii, that it sprang from the eteff of Joseph 

of Arimatlica, who was sent l>y the 
apoclle Philip to preach the gospel in 
^itnin. On rencbing Yniswitcin, after- 
wajds called Glastonburv, he stuck 4us 
staff in the ground, to fndioite that he 
meant t > nl ; ie there, and the staff put 
forth leave* and hnioches ; and every year, 
on Old Christmas, it blosHonis. This 
thorn, till the rei^'n of queen Kli/aheth, 
bad two truuks, but a I'uritiin attempted 
to cut it down. However, he was 
nmished ; for not only did he cut his 
severely, but alio loet one of his eyes, 
by a chip of the thorn striking it. The 
mululaled truuk t'lill t1uuri«ihed, and 
afterwards, when carted iiito a ditch, 
tr>ok root and bloomod. A year after it 
was cast into the ditch, half of it wae 



135 



carried off, but still the rernaininfr part 

flnurisbet!, and tlie part stolen wnn carried 
into distant |mrt<i of the islaod and grew. 
In tb« reign of Chnrlos I., tlie original 
tree was all cnt down, but still there are 
several plants abi»Bt dastonlniry reared 
from the old stocV, and in mild winterSj 
like that of 1881, t'ley certainly flower, 

T)ie i<>p lid u MM VlUiai «t MrtuJiiirr. vk* 

AM A.D. lu-j. 

In Withering** British Plants, vol. iii. 
p. 696, article " cratiegus," we read : In 
a lane be;foad the churchyard, on the 
opposite tide of the street, ncer a pit, 
grows a ver>' old trrr [ .f the OUstontmri- 
ensis speciesj. A woman ninety years 
of age never vemembete it otherwiac dun 
as it now appears. 

Another tree of the same kind may be 
seen two or tliree miles from (jlastonbury. 
1 1 has been reported to bav.; wo thoras, 
but that I found to be a mistake ; it 
has thorns, like other hawthorns, but, 
a.s in other agod trees, they are few in 
number. 

"There la also * fnll-eixed tree of 
this kind in the gwden nt I^per*s Inn. 

This variety blossoms twice a year : the 
winter blossoms, which are about the 
size of a sixpence, appear about Christ- 
mas-time ; it may occa?>ii>niilIy happen on 
Christmas Day, but iL !»onietiuies sooner. 
Thi.< variety produces no fruit. The 
iierries contain only one seed, and there 
seems to be only one pistil, bot it wae 
late in the season wh.-n 1 examined it 
(Oct. 17JI2). I was informed that the 
berries when sown prodvoe plants nowine 
differing from the common hawthorn." 

" Prol)ab!y tlic tree which gave birth 
to the tradiliim of its havintr t^iirung 
from the staff of Joseph of Arimatbtea 
grew within the abbey, and m%y have 
died from age, or been destroyed in the 
Ikfurmation. However that may be, 
the existence of this Imus natures is un- 
qnestionable, and is not, as Dr, Hunter 
asserts, *a sanctified deceit, sank inte 
dl.scre'lit eren with the meanest of the 
vulgar."" — iSy/pia, vol. i. p. 178. 

Ine following is from the Rev. H, 
Warner, F.A.S. {History of the AV-.-u vf 
GUistan, 4to, 182»;) :— "The Holy Thorn 
haii been introdueed into many parts, 
and is now found in various gardens of 
Glastonbury and its vicinity. Pilgrim- 
ac^^ continued to lie mode to this wonder- 
ful tree even in Mr. Eyston'a time (died 
1721), and its scions were sought for 
with the greatest avidity both bv the 
pious of ine Komish Ghorch) Ind ^ 



GLASTONBURT THORN. 



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ISB 



COD ANSWERING BY FIHE. 



[Pt. I. 



•opentitioitt of «th«r aystenw of ftdUt, 

till within these pi;;hty years." 

In the l^ccrwiii I'ust^ lituiiian, Jan. 
1753, we Tpad: "A vast concourse of 
people attended the noted thorn on Christ- 
mas Da^ (new stylo) ; but, to their frnwt 
disftppnintmcnt, Uicre wa;* no ftppoarance 
of il« blowing:, which made liicui watch it 
narrowly till Ian. 6 (Christmas Day, old 
Btyle), when it hlnwed as u»iial." 

Strype recofUs that one of Henry 
VIII. 's "visiters" sent up, witli various 
relics, "two flowers (wrapped in white 
wid Mack mreenct), whien on Christcn- 

ninss « vcn, l.'Mf!, hora ips.J qwi Chn^tiis 
nittus fut fut wtU sprtiig, aud burgi'n, uud 
bare blossomea." 

We are furthermore told that Ute spot 
on which St. Joseph planted hi* ttjulF 
was on the south riil^:c of Wt ury-n!l-1)ill, 
now called Werrall I'ark. The AvcUmian 
Guide staliMi that " about tho xwi J740 
the stump of the original thorn was seen, 
but Uiut nothing now remains except 
crafts from it, tfrowin^; in ditlorLiit places. 
The oldest of Iacm graft* stands near St. 
John's cburcfayftid at Gtastonbnry, and 
id a larKO ttw, wbich ttUl blosaoiM twica 
tt year. 

J%e Cadenham Oak, near Lyndhurst, 
in the A'cio J-'vre$L The C«denham Oak 
has been known for more than two cen- 
turies to bud every year in the depth of 
winter, or, as the foresters insist, on Old 
Christmas Day, and then otdy. Dr. 
Withcrinp:, v(;f. li. p. 608, says, "Many 
leaves do certainly appear on tliia onk 
about Christmas-time, but the pr<)^r< 
of germination is soon chocked in in- 
clement weather, and in summer its 
fulir r ri M inbles thntof other oak trrc?." 

In the same forest, near Itufus's monu- 
ment, is another tree remarkable for its 
winter vegetation, and Camden aasnres 
us that the very tree against wbieh the 
arrow of Tyrrol glaooed is noted for the 
same peculiarity. 

A Iras in the chwxhynnl of I/am burst 
into fiovcer tthen Ht, On l'dn 'tas InrUd. 
St. Gudula was buried Jan. 8, a.i>. 710. 
When her body reached Ham, a tree 
standing in the churchyard bunt into 
flower, although it was midnrinter. The 
body of the saint was ?ul>«equcDtly moved 
from Ham to St, Saviour's, Moorsel ; 
whereupon the tree transplanted itself, all 
covered with flowers, and rooted itself 
firmly in the earth right opposita tbe 
church door.— Nieholaa of Durham, Xt/« 
mT St. Ouduia, 

. Jm ^iree jptanted by 5t Tbrjuotat 



bU>$»omi eutri/ gear im Maij lo. SL Tor- 
quatus, the a|M>Ktle of Caiiix, lived in the 
Urst Christian cintury, and planted an 
olive tree i t-fore the church tloilioati 1 t i 
him in Cadix. This tree is always in 
full bloom on tba f^be-day of Toiquataa. 
May ld.->/^pv tt£epagn9» 

God uumring by Five. 

Lar. U. Si. Moeos baving prepnrM a 

balloek and a mm for a peace olTerliig. ther« 
canw a lire ont fkwm befotv the Ix>nl, and cun- 
rumed upon the altar Ifae burnt offering and 
tiie fat; «hlch, when tb« people saw, tb«j 
.shuutn-d. and fell on their faoesi 

1 KtsQB xvtiL 3». 39. When ElQah cbal- 
k ii>.'«il ihf pneht> of Baal, and U was bis turn 
tu (tff. r M,irrifU<\ tire of ihc I<ord fell, and coo- 
mmi'il till- Inirtit mici H'li*' ; and all Hi" p-opln 
Will, Tlie LorO, ile la ^i<.K\■, Uw l^rJ. He is 
Oott! 

Jl'DO. vi. lS-31. Whft) (lidfoii ^ariU-d «i 
nlfrn that It via« 'xHi wim Itade lilm go a^'u i^t 
tlie Midiaiiiieo, be mmda rt-stly a kid, anil iitc 
leav ned cakes. The fli*Hl» lie put In a tMokct. 
and the broih In a poL Then the angel touched 
the flesh and the cukes with the sUff that w«a 
lu hU hand; ai»l there roae up fire out uf tha 
rodt, aod eansumed tbe fl<<*h ami the cakes. 

I Caeoat. x\U a«. When lisvM boocht the 
fbreshlng-floor of Oraaa tbe jrvbusitSk and ImlU 
ail altar to the Lord, because the piague was 
rtayetl, 'iqd tthowid bl» upnroval by sending 
Are fruin beavcn a|ion (lie altar to consanie die 

sacrtilce, 

J ('lutoN. vii 1. Winn *>tl<>inon d'-dlcated 
his temple, lire »anie down troni hoavt-n, aod 
oiinaamed bis bami vflMog and lbs sacriAea. 

When .^{. T/ieud<jsiHS thi' Ca-nobutrch 
toaa tcckitm a sUc for a fu -Fi isf'vy, Hod 
mdicitU>d hff lire the rpt't hf foi l chosen, 
St. Thrndo'sius the Cceuobiaroh wished 
to buikl a large mcmai^tery, Imt n-jnestcd 
(iod to point out to him a suitnl.lc kite. 
So, taking a oenser tilled with incense 
and charcoal not ligbted. he prayed tbat 
when he fame tn the ri^'^it spot, (Jod 
would indicate it by setting tire U> the 
charcoal. St. Tbeodosius walked from 
pbice to place, censer in hand, but there 
was no sign. After reaching Gutilla, 
on the shores df the head Sen, he tunied 
homewards, and, as he approached his 
own eave, tbe smoke of the incense 
showed tliftt the chnrconl was kindled. 
Here, therefore, he built bis mona!«tery, 
and it was soon tilled with inniai -. — 
The Jioman Martj/roiogif, (Cave says thia 
life of St. TbaododiM tba Conobiaicb waa 
written by Thaodon, biabop of F»n.) 

Ood fights Ibr ffia Saints. 
Exoo.niU.w-S8. BeboU^IaaodassnMl 



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Pr. I.] 



OOD FIGHTS FOR HIS SAINTS. 



bcfort tb«e. to kMp Utee In the waj. . . . 

If thini t/lx y lii.HVKU P . . . tliril [ will (to AO 
eneuiy to thine enemi s. and an mlver»«ry to 
tliiiie advciaarlM ; fur Mine aiigiel iball t» kM§ot9 

Jii^H. V. 13. H, Wlicri .'(t-liiiA ^^v^ hy 
Jor din . . . b«*lii>M, till r-' ^t<.>iid a iu'vii i»vi>r 
a^ain^t hini uitl) a ilrawn In liirt liaiul. 

Juniiua imid ui hint, Art thou for or lur uur 
ajlvpivarien ? And lie luid. An ca|>taln of the 
h' rts of the I»rd dm I txiw come. And .I«M>iua 
frll on bis face to thi; rartb, and did wunhip. 

1)A». s. 13. Tb« iirtaoo «( tbft klitRdoin of 
Pervi* wiibMoodiDt om tad twenty defit bat, 
lal MkhMl caoM to help me. 

Rbt. vI. 3. 1 Mw, and bt-boM! • wbUft 
keiMt and R« tint Mt on bim had a bowt 
ila went fortb ounqoerlng'. and t» conqntr. 

Jean. X. 11. Fiva Mop came up agaimt 
Joaboa. bot th^y Acd before Israel, aiui tbe 
Ia'vA cart do« n great stone* Iniin li< aven upon 
tlKMii. They were more which dlod with ball- 
Ktuii<->< tiiMi tiii y whom ite chUdND of larael 

flew witll till' fUMifi?. 

J ;,iN'.fi .xvili, i.t-:!T; xix. Sennacherib .""'tt 
a vii<>t artiiy (<i IriMi'l-' ttx* kiriKdolU uf Judiili 
In ih>- ro.KD uf Hc/.-kinli ; hi:t the Wing jiruyivl, 
and <iod ^(>Ilt Hi^ angi I t<> <J '.ttro.v the Atn>jriaji 
artnjr. In fur n'mUi i\v ungel flew a hui:dred 
foarKore and five ttioiuutud (18&.000). And 
when tbe men of Judah ro-e next niorhtng. 
beteU^^tiba^ whoto Aaajrlan anuj lay dead 

Cntor mtd Fcttiaai th* iaHh of lake 

J^f liUus. In the bnttle at laic KiH^illus 
between tbe allies, wbo wtiot«d tu rest^ire 
Tnn^uin. and (ha Bomons (n.c. 499), 
while victory was still doubtful, the 
Romans beheld two white horses, and 
thty thiit r.at nn them went ii;,'aiiist the 
Allies, coomiehog and to coiM^uer. U was 
Castor ud Pollux on lli«ir white chargers. 
Till ir arms wore so mighty in fi'^ht that 
they broke tht" arrow find tbe bow, the 
aword, the shield, ami the liattle. The 
alltca flad on all aideai and tbe victory 
rest«d with <be TStoiwuM. In gratitude 
for tJiis aiil, the nnmans reared a temple 
to thtt honour uf (JasU>r and Pollux ) and 
there, ever after, gifts were made and 
anorifice'* i>n"cre<l. on the aiinivenary nf 
the battle, to the riders of those white 
llor»es. — Ji 'iniiii Story. 

St, Jgidure's gMott shorn don Alfonso a 

Sik bjf flMoM ef which he etmld mtrprise 
r Moon and conq^u r r, a d. 1211). 
Id 1211, don Alfonso, iiing of (Jaiitile, 
making war on the Moors, in the detile 
of Navaa de Toloia, amrched in vain for 
a path by which he could come upon 
them by .surprise. The ghost of St. 
Isidore ahuwed him a path unknown to 
nia arny; and the kin^. falling on the 
(o^ un.iwnrejfl, gainet! n siLr'r.] vi^ ti Tv. 
Fox tjcua iMrvioa^ tha kiu^ of bpua 



interestc^d themselves in the caoonizatton 
of the saint, hut .i vAriet\ of circum»)tanees 
caused its delay till March 12, a.d. 1(>22, 
when Gregory XT. added St. lridot«| 
with four iither!!, to the eaIemlar.-^J<d 

of f 'iiiioni ration, 

J<. :>>t3 Chriat^ St. Peter, and St. Paul 
with a koMt of anjfeUf unn the battie o^ 
Ixixmtoooerw 2^4* (Oct 7, a.d. 1671). 
Selini II., sultan of the TiirkH, met with 
a moat disaatrous naval defeat near tlie 
haboitf of Lepanto, Oct. 7t A.l». 1571. 
This prcat victory is always nspribed to 
pop<- Tins v., aud is mcQtioncd in his 
cjinf)iii/.ntion, A.D. 1712. At the hour of 
battle, tbe procesaion of the Boaarv began 
iia niardi to the dinTch of 1 
The pope was tlii rr, rui ! nil i f a sudden 
opened a window, aloud lor some time 
listening, then, returning to tbe cardinals, 
said to them, **It ia now time to give 
thanks to Goid for the great victory He 
has ^irnnted to our Hruis." The tiuie 
when this was spoken was compared 
af terwatda with the oflleial report A the 
viet4>ry, and was fotind to accord pre- 
cisely. The prijjoucrs avowed that they 
saw in the air Jesus Christ, St. Peter, 
and iH. Paul, with a multitude of angelfl 
awotd in hiand, tighiing u&rainat the 
Turks, nt^d !>!inding them w ith the smoke 
of their own cannons. Tlii^ "miracle" 
forms a conHpicuons feature in the pictUfO 
descriptive of the buttle in the Vatican.^ 
Vhtc Giry, ffLitoirc de iiunt Pie V. 

St. Jaines i/ir I'I'k r, un white horse^ 
ansists kinij FcriMndo in the meife of 
Coimbra (A.n. KMO 1099). When king 
Krmando lay befiire Cnimltrn, there came 
from Greece io hauUitgo u pilgrim named 
KsLiano, who was a bi>«hnp. As the 
biabop waa prayii^ in the church, he 
heard certain of the townsfolk tellin;; the 
pil^'rinirt that St. .lames wa< wmit to 
ap|>ear in tbe bftanish battles iu their 
aid, and that he always appeared as a 
knight nn n white horse. The bishop, 
on heariut,' tliis, .said ti. them, " Frif'nds, 
call not St. .lames u knight, hut a tisher- 
man." When Kstiano fell asleep, St. 
Janet appeared to hint, holding in hii 
hands n burioh of keys, and said to him, 
"You tbink it a fable, bishop, that I 
come to aseist the CSiristians in their 
battlca agaiaot the Hoors ; but know I 
am a knight in the army of Christ Jc^us.'* 
I While he wa.s speakiii;^, a white h<•r^e 
I waa brought bun ; and the apostle, clad 
I in bright armour, mounting thereon, said 
' tr< tlii-' (-;-h''T-'. I am gor-^' tn t':,' h('!;> 
I ot ^la^ i:cxiuuido, wbo hm iaiu tbttMi 



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1» 

MVCB montlM before Coimbm; end to< 

morrow, with Uiom; keys will I open to 
him the cuy (CAtcs, and deliver Coimbra 
into his hand*." Next morninj^: the 
bishop heard that the gates of Coimbra 
had beon opened to the kini; at the hour 
of tierce (nine o'clock in th«- morning). — 
Southev, Chronidea of the Vid, bk. i. 4. 

St, Jame» thfEldtr, on h%$ whiU hnrae, 
tcins fur Sj>ain tKr ^ of Liyiruna. (tenth 
century). The bntile of Logrouo was 
'fought in the reign of Ramiro II., king 
of Aetariae. It wae in this bettto thet 
St. James of CompAatdle, noanted on 
his white horm'. overthrew the Arali^ 
under AUdernihnian II. In consequence 
of thia tnwat victory numerous pilgrim- 
ages %vcn_' niniii' to Coiirpfijilvllft, rinil tlie 
town lit'ciiuie vtTV cckbriitcd.— liuuilltt, 
JDictiunnaire d Utsioire^ etc. 

St. Jumet the Eider. <m hie whUe horee^ 
in ike battle of Mexico (a.o. 1521). In 
the 0()ij(|u«>^t of Mtxico, a mvhterioufi 
rider on a wbilc hur^e appeared amidst 
the Caslilian troops, and led them on to 
victory. It was St. James of Com- 
poittella. Berual Diaz, who was present 
in ihr hattli-, siiw the niysteriotis ri-U^r, 
but calls the charger a '^grey horse, " and 
fanciea the rider wee Fmneiaco de Morla, 
thnii:,'h he ronft s^cs it might be the 
gluriuus up(>»lle bl. James for aught he 
knew. Certainly many more In li» ve the 
victogr wee due to ttt. Jemet then to 
Franenco de HorbL 

St. Jiinit's HiC L'l'ilrr, on A/s tr/,ile horse, 
iriiis thf b-tttic (if Xcrt-s. In 12.'{7, 
Alfonso, t)ic "infant" of Ferdinand III., 
the saintly king of I>o<m and {'Hstillc, 
at the head of fifteen huudrtd int-n, won 
the famous battle of Xer^s over Alx n- 
bad| the formideble Hoort king of 
Seville. The Moon were ebove icven 
times more numerous than the Christiana, 
but the victory cost Alfonso only ten 
intn. The captire Moon being asked 
how it oene to peee (hnt «o gteet e victory 
wee won by lo amell e force, et so insigni- 
ficant ft h>!iH, dt'poscd that tin y hhw the 
apostle J amea on hik wliite hor.Hi% and iq 
full ermour, el the head of the Clin^tian 
army, and thoy could not fight against 
God. Many of the Christian soldiers 
u>s<'rtod that thev also saw the same 
thing.— L'abb^ Caiilet, Vie ike SaiiUe, 

Rrdittand //. wku the bai^ of Weit- 
tenburj b<i tht' fjood offices of .Vf. Jtfin 
^cpomuck (A.l>. 1020). St. Jubn Nt jio- 
iiMiL-k was martvred bv Wencciilaus, in 
and in 1618 the thirty Years' War 
noiduii bjr a revolt in B<^iuia. This 



[Pr. I. 

war wee one between tiie '* l* ww ai U nbi ** 

of IV.hcmia iind the [Roman] Catholics 
uf (lertuftny \ and the first battle, gent-rally 
called "the liattle of Prague," was won 
over the Bohemians by Maximilian, duke 
of Bavaria. The night before the battle 
the ghost of St. .'olin Ni'|)oniuck iij^j.-'jin d 
in the cathedral of i'rague. It radiated 
light, like as it had been the snn, and 
promised victorr. Maximilian, a rclent- 
I««8 enemy of the Bohemian " heretics," 
felt confident of succeiis after this vision, 
gained the battle, end recovered Boheuite. 
— ileta AnieCornm (BoUeadisU), May 16. 

Tbb rictont vM no mat nwlter aftar all. for tb« ron- 
trtt tit') c 'jiKttiiuvl fit 1S3U Giuta^'iK A t .tpliiu joiuMl 
(iir '•-'^•'iiiliiiik mimI son batUe tkllrr toula fntr ib» 
'''''yimili'*' *^ FtwUuard II. ^HiKi; buj^Ux war 
sadtothaMT, andlhalMtriEMMB amplnrat ttasaaa 
Uf«d» «ktaty tow nCaa «iw«nr mMiaud. VL 

GabrM at the haiile of Bedr, on kk 

rrhih- h<'i.<r, f,}htsfi/rM J , t (a.I>. 624), 
In the famous battle ot \U\\t, between 
Mahoaoet end ttie Koreisbtt«s, a white 
boree waa seen, and he who rode on 
him was the angel Gabriel. He fought 
>vith Mfthonicts thrt'c hiimlrcd nironist 
tile enemy's thousand, and, as the Koran 
says, " one enny foa|»ht for God'f true 
rcli^ilon, btit the other was an nnny of 
iutidtflii. The infidels thought their 
adversaries to be twice n)< numerous aa 
themielvcflt for iiod had deceived them, 
end He can strengthen witii Hie help 
whom He {>li L.> 4, iind whom Ilepleeeee 
He can bring low " (ch. iti.j. The state- 
ment ie not very logical, but no matter; 
there waa a " whit*; horse" in the ranks, 
no doubt, and the army of Mahomet wna 
victorious ; and as none can give victory 
but God, therefore the rider of the white 
hone nnat have been e messenger aent 
ffoni (»od ; nnd who could that mea- 
eenger be but the archangel Gabriel? 
g. E. t». 

The Londtards driven from Yoknce bj/ 
eagtea dn*pping stone* on them. About 
A.I). v'i'Id, an iirmy of Loiiibiird» invaded 
Dauphine in three armies, one of which 
besieged A nhnec. Hie invedeie hed 
scaled the walls, tlie };ntcs were opened, 
the strccis were tilled with the foe. At 
this moment St. Galla entered the 
basilica ; the inhebttenta ran to her, 
cr>-ing, '*Save net eeve ni! Tbon 
nvrvatii of tlie liring God, save us. or we 
{>*<fi2>h I " '* 1- ear uot," said the undaunted 
Miint ; " man's extremity is God's op- 
portunity. St. Peter will defend you." 
As she ao apoke, a tiight of many hundred 



GOD nCtlTS FOR HI8 SAINTS. 



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Pr.LJ 



OOD TALKS WITH MAN. 



eagles appearedi orer the city, and dropped 
■tones on tli** bt-siciier:*. Tlu v were 
•track down by hundrvd*, bv tbuuMods, 
and nin for abelter. "Pantie after 
them." cried St KriHii ; " niirsiip ami 
6tiip not. \Atl tjik« buck h\i spoils. 

Drive thftni from the city. Close the 
galea, but span tba fugitives ; for God 
batb given yon the victory, aod venKeunce 
bcl<in);<'lh unto God," Tin? city was 
cleared of the iovadera. The gates were 
•hat. The people ware ddiveiad. And 
all, in n transport of joy, gave glory to 
God mui to St. Gallu. — X«ji Fetita 
MoUatuii^tc-s, vol. ii, p. 200. 

iit* MarceUinut puis tko Qoths to fiight 
(A.D. 488). When the Goths, in 433, 
iDVaded Gaul, St. Albin was archbishop 
of Enibrun. They committed great 
atrocities, and although Embrun was 
coBOealed amidst mountainsi it escaped 
not th«r impious. They laid regular 
hit'^M' to tli«^ city, and the c«»n>tLTnHt inn of 
its iuhabiUtuUi was unbounded. All lio|>e 
of preser^'ing tbe citv, nay, all boj^ie of 
life, was oLandoneJ. Tlie archbishop 
Albin went lu procession to the relics of 
St. Mun-ellinus, the first prelate of Km- 
bruoi who had died about a century 
before ; and ail fklling devoutly before 
these relics, bcfoupht the saint to save 
theui. Tbe enemy carried on Uie siege 
vigorously ; they had already gained tlie 
lampartSy when BiarceUimu appeared in 
mid-air. H is eouotenance was menac i ng ; 
Ji' < iirried in his Ijand a naminiL; cross, 
aud advanced against the besiegen>. An 
Invisible legion cast down tbe assailanus 
from the walls, the mi.ssilts luirKyl Ity tlit 
G<it)is returned on tlieniselvc* with deadly 
slaughter ; a panic wized them ; they 
fled on all sides { aod tbe city was waved. 
^Mgr. Gu<<rin, FtM dM Samta (7th 
edit. 1880), vol. iii. p. 80. 

i^. ThevdoiiWi u.xid jorth trith the army 
of Cerious (Kjaitut the PemamK Cericas, 
captain of the Ilooian army, before 
starting on his expedition against Persia, 
went to pay his respects to Tbcotlosius 
the Coenobiarcb, and to receive his 
bcnedietion. The saint told him not to 
trust to the hand nf man, but to (>od, 
who can give victory by many or by 
few. LVrieus asked the abbot to give 
hioi the hair shirt which he wore, saj'ing 
it would be a defeoee and a 41iield he 
should ever venerate as an incstiinalile 
trmsure. Theodosius willingly gavchnn 
the cilice, and Cericus wore it on the 
day of battle. When his army was 
arrayed, and tlie onset sonnded, Cericus 



saw the saint at tbe head of the Roman 

army, pointing: out where the attack was 
to be made. This continued tilt the rout 
w as complete and the victory was won. 
— The Jivufin ^fnrtiini}<>,j>i. frav<* savs 
Liie writer of this life was 'iheodure, 
bishop of Peta, but otben ascribe it to 
CyriUns,) 

ft. HUarif irsRf forth with Clo»ii ^UftOui 

Ahiric. About 110 Year«« after his death, 
Hilary still showed bimKelf the 
relentless adversary of the Arians; for 
when riovis marched against Alaric the 
Arian. king of the Goths, he observed a 
great lii^ht proceeding; from the church 
of St. Hilary of Poitiers, aod advancing 
towards him. It was the pontiff Hilary 
come to help him in t!ie impending 
struggle. He bad spent hiii life in 
oppmng tbe Arians, and now came from 
Ills grave to give the heretics their graoe- 
stroke. As the light drew nearer a voiee 
[)riKeeded from the mid^f, whii-h cried 
aloud, " Up, Clovis, and delay not, for 
as eapt^iti of the Lord's hosts am I come 
to thee this da\ , and the (]od of battlca 
will deliver the foe into tlty hands." 
Then Clovis advanced against tbe Arian 
Gutbs, fully assured of victory; and 
before the uiird hour of tiie day, contrary 
to the r-X[)rctation of every man and all 
human probability, he had routed the 
foe. and won a victory second to none 
ever foiicbt in this world. — Gregory of 
Tours, Jiistvrta ^rmcontm, bk. ii. ch. 87. 

'J'hi; (fho>^t <>f doH I'txlin I'.to M I'-'ids 
the S/Miniai-ds to victort/ owr Ute I hitch 
"hcretu:»" {a.d, 15s/.). The Dutch 
were li-^htin;,' for tliiir homes, their 
liberty, uud their religion ; Uie Spaniards 
for conquest, domination, and the. 
[Uoman^ Church. The former were bent 
on relieving Antwerp, but their entrendiR 
no nts were reached by the foe, and the 
grini tilayof slaughter was mo^t horrible. 
At thts moment the ^'hoKt of the com- 
mander of t)ic old S|>aoiah legion was 
seen char;xiii^' in front. He was clad in 
his >M il-kno\vn armour, u-ed his well- 
known gestures, but bad been dead fur 
several months. The wavering Spaniards 
rallied at once ; they felt certain of 
victory, and nothing could resist their 
charge. The entrenchments were oirried. 
The patriots rrtrcated. The ghost bad 
secuved the rictorr, —Motley, History of 
tht Unitad NMiU'kuitU, vol. t. p. 211. 

God taUdns with Hnmaa 

Beings. 

Om. ill. t-Ub Mm Aim sad Bee hai 



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tM 



GOSHEN SETBIBD-OIUTITATION OBEDIENT. [Ft. L 



Mton of tli« foiMMm fhlft, the I»rJ God nill^l 
A<Um. and rvnr<iT»d him for hU c1i«ob(>di<>tic<> ; to 
tbeMrf^'nt lie "aid Upvn tby t)«>Uy Klialt thou 

Biv»n4diiati>luIttt)Oti«jl«tl ibeditynof tbv tir<>. 
Dtothe woman HcmM. I « 111 gr. ully muiiiply 
tbj wnnom Mid Utf oonoeiNtoa. And to tii^ 
nan 11* «iiM,CnnMli tlia inMUid itrtlur ntkf ; 
in «H>n»»iiialttlioii«ai<irttallUiedajiorUi^ 
life. 

<;rx. W. Whrn '"liii Im.l muni r.-J hU 

buHher, the I>»rd salil i" I'mn. Wh it lia~t 'li' U 
•l-'ii.-? the vok'- of tliv br.«iUei'i blood cririii 
until Me fnjtn thf (rronriii Neiw art tho* 
cnrs-d from tlx- curtli Wli-ii tlmu tiUewt th« 
rroiiKd. it aball not jr'ichl thee ber strength. A 
f ipiiive and * vagabofid iliaU thou ba fa llw 
eurth. 

Okx. vI. 13 21. Goil raid to Noah, Th« <>nd 
of all ^^■'h In couie before Me, for the earth la 
filhd vxitli violotua through them (i.e. man], 
and behold I will dratrojr ihftn with' the earth. 
He then givaa dlnctiona to Noah about the ark. 

Okk. Ix. 1-lT. After tba llood Ood apake to 
Moah again, and aald. 1 trlU CiUbllah .My 
oovroant with yon ; neither aball all ieab be 
etrt oir any more by lb« watera «f a Aood: 
ucith<'r nii.iil there mr nan be m flood to 
dcwiroy tin.- eAsih. 

1-3, Tl)." Ta-pI sai 1 ' ■ Mir.iiii. Ct-t 
ihce oQl uf thy Oi>unlry, and Irum inv kiudrul, 
unto a land that I will ebow tbee. 

U«Me«r twti aaUMba «mM la wUdilMlaaaM 
laiBlkwHbBaB.) 

Gud talks with St. O'Utfa or Nicoletta 
(a.u. Iii80-1447). St. ( HlcitJi lamenting 
for the sins of the world, (Ind mu\ to her, 
"My daii;,'1ii«r. what would you I ^-liculrl 
do? Every day the sins of mau cry 
unto me from the earth. They blaHpheine 
Mjr fuime and despiao Mjr coinmuid- 
mento.''— Doatllei, fkdtSL QdetU. 

Qosben severed from Um 

ExoD. Till. 2-i. Wlifi) r;,Hl bnnicht the 
pliwuea ou the land of Kgvpt, lie severed the 
land of Qoaben In wblefa Ulo people dwelt. 

The litml of ii j^rnijcr!- \s Dotn •^fr, n^d 
firtun Ood'a protection, Kupp|iiu<<, in his 
Xi/e tf St, Sntrin (a,1*. All), relAt<-a 
that a poor man, who went tn drive 
locuata from his patch of com instond of 
^'oirij,' to i hiinh to worship (iod, fmind 
next moraini; tbni bis wm the only crop 
dovonred by the loenste; nil the other 
fields hnvin;^' \» f-n protected from tlieill 
by the hand uf the Almighty. 

Oravitatlon Inoreaaed or 
diminished. (See £i.isha and the 

ZMCtur.t-n. The«DKeltbalteIlBed«ilbiiM 
oald. See wbatlotbia that goetb IbMb. And! 
aaM. What is Hf And the angel Bal><. TbN is 
ta eplMh. And, behold, tbeio mm Uhtd up a 



weighty piec<- of : and tlila is a woman that 
siileth hi the mid>it of tlie irph.tb. Aud the 
angel fuld. This U wiclcedneHti. Aud becasi l| 
Into tlie midst of the i phah, and the lead on th« 
nfiQtb ther«N>r. And, tx-hold, two wonnen with 
wlnga UAhI od the ephah between earth and 
heaven. Then said I to tbr anfel, Wbitber do 
theoe women carry tbir cpbah t And the aucel 
aald to oie. To bnild a bona* la tiia laud of 
Shinar. 

,^{. Ili'Tjf'ff'rt rrfrrrhpf a si-'nc which 4 
dt:vd luui tntiJe too he'tvi/ to iift (a.o. 448- 
M'6). The devil ceased not to amey 
St. Heoedict. It wa» not to visions or 
dinams that he showed himself, but face 
to face, b.'Settiiij; the saint pur-^istvfitly 
in all he did, and crying out, lienedict ! 
Uenedietl" from time to time. If the 
saint pretended not to lioir, tliix onenir 
of the soul would (-ry out, " Maledi' t not 
Benedict, curbed f<»ol not saint, whnt i< 
your buaineM in theae qnarten ? What 
ri^ht have you to fnterfero with mo? 
Whnt pleasure can it <^\yc ynu to anrvn- 
nie V " Whan all them nijlinurs wrre with- 
out o!Ti'(-t, his Satanic mnjiHtv liameeed 
the saint by obstructing the builders em- 
ployed by St. Benedict in constructing 
iiis mounstorips. One day the builders 
went t4> carr}' a stone prepared for a 
certain part, bttt when they attempted to 
lift it, thov ffuind all their nnltod offnrts 
wholly inelffi Uittl. Tht Kt4»nti could not 
he moved. No power of man could lift 
it. They went and told St. lienecUct| 
who Instantly knew tiiat the devil wn« 
hanging oti it ; so lie mad*- nn the "tone 
the sign of the cross, an«i the stone which 
before was too heavy for six or eight 
men to stir, became so li;,'ht tliiit St. 
Benedict alono lifted it with ease, and 
carried it to the place re.juircd. This 
very atone ie still shown at Mount 
Gaasino, so there can be no doubt of the 
f a( t.— St. Qrogoiy the Great, Dkkgm*, 
hk. ii. 

All that th« pr«BsnM of tills iton* «an eroiv U ttanpir 
tteli, that tte SIMM tp wbteh acwtatatfwtttte It aMMM 
t* WM at Kootit CbaliMi, and that !■ aB. ItcaaaaaMm 

|>rr>if* frwIIMrtn »!t»r1ir<t lo It, thiMi OUT eommiUorj 
ilinjr mil jirnif ttiit Ju.nliiAWa )ad<ler rB«chliiiJ fnnu 

iwrtt) to iicavcn. or that tb« 8c»a« MtNM wai* ttM ftone 
piUar on wMtfc he IsM hit t whia laa tl Aa awiatat 

to him. 

TW pillars for a f^mrek in (hnatmitmph 
'' ., hiiirij in V iwn'ctl. A Inr^ 

churt-li was tieing built at ('onstantinople 
in honour of we Virgin Marj-. Two 
nillar-t intended for tlie chiin-h fsiiddenly 
became hcuw thai the vvurkiuun c>>ui(i 
not move them, to gut Uu<m up in their 

Slacea; but the Vtfgin Mary with two 
olpsie CMM loMmk Hm wonnaeB, wImb 



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ORAYlTATtON OBBDIENT TO SAINTS. 



to ! the mnasive eolamns becamie u li^ht i 
A* two striwi. and of cour>c were »ct up i 
wiiliout the sli^htcut diflioultv. (S^ 
b€lo\v.)— Mariuh Magno. {St^lSbUstmd 
Qurrurs, June 25, 188 1, p. 614.) 

T/^c devil nuikea txco marble pillars too 
heavif to be moin( (\.u. GIO). V liilc St. 
Vii:gile, bwbop of Arl«M^ was building his 
•nparb bMiticsi the workmen <m on* 
ocou^iiui found themselvps iinnl)!'? to 
im^i! j^iiine ma^ificent marble pillars. In 
their perplexity they went a« watl to 
*he biiibop, aod the biahop at once per- 
xived that the devil wm m the pilLart. 
Su, to the spot, lie first olTcrt'd up 

a ebort prayer, and then cried aloud, 
" Wretch ! how dare you impede the work 
of God? Ro ofT with yen ! " Th.M/..rk- 
men now lifted Uie pillar:s eu-^ily, and 
carried them to their respective places. 
(Sm tbovi^y^Ui BidUmitMUMt vol. 
lU. jpw 162. 

2a* dernt lutriii } m'afol him^'if on a stone 
to tnoAe it i/«wM/v<<''''', St. Frunris nf l\nda 
compiled him to </ ' ■ x.i*. HI*'. I.'»u7). 
While St. FranciH of Taula was building; 
his monastery at Calabria, the devil 
fit'ntcd himself on a stoijc de^ii,'iK'd for 
the main entrance of the church, and 
Buido it too heavy to be mored. 8L 
Frnnrfx r<imf>elled the foul fiond to budtre, 
aud carry the stone liiui*cif U th<: required 
•pot. 

SL (^ritikmm mupendt a kMoy piUar 
th0 (tiitrd oentury). Christianna 

W&A ft Clirii'tian slave, who cotivtrlcil tlie 
king and queen of Iberia, wlio nt 'nu-v 
Mk ftboat bvildiog a church. Ihrce 
Colomns were to l>o placf<l in the fa9ade. 
Two were erected, hut the third was so 
ht'uvy tliat neitlicr men nor oxen were 
able to move it. St. Chnbtianna, the cap- 
tive maiden, knelt beside it, and besou^^ht 
God's help; when, presently, the column 
lose up, of iiA own iu:c«trd, on its base, 
•ad tilcB into the air, wholly un8up|)orted, 
withaa » foot of the place where it wuh to 
be fixed. This was at midnicht, nnd 
when the builiU-rs went t<> work in the 
Diornitig they Mtw Uie pillar waitinp; to 
be guided by their hands. \* a touch it 
de>^><-eoded slowly, and placctl itself erect 
in tlie rei^uircd spot. The Iberians saw 
it, aud were contirmed in the Christian 
faith. — Kuflnus, Uittor^t bk. i. 

SL fixmdt of l*tnUa ttrrtti* a rack which 
thri-tdned to roll iIhih it/fin h>s iwiwi' t''rij 
ami destroy U (a.d. l iii^i-ol). While 
8C« Pnaeii of Paula was building bis 
nooaxtery at ('alubria, a huge rock, 
detach^ from the neighbouring moun- 



tain, came rollinir down with prodi^intM 

veldfitv, thrcateniii;^ to de>troy the Imild- 
in^ and cruHh the workmen employed* 
The danger was most imminent^ and • 
cry of fright rose from the men ; but 
tlie .H.iirit, quite cnlnily, arrested the 
riK k with a word, then, goin)( up to it, 
struck his staff in the Krouod befors 
it, bidding it roll no further. There it 
stayed till liundred^ had seen it, whrn 
it wns split up and employed in the 
boildirig. 

St. eWinois of Paula gugpmiU a rooft on 
a ma^. 8t. Francis on another occasion, 
by the )»i:,'n of the cross, suspended a luii:c 
rock on the projecting horn of a precipice. 
This rock is snspended in a situation and 

maiTii^r ■(vhii-lt -"•f-Tiin ft n)itur:\l ini |io.'4<ii- 
biliiy. It »eenis timt it tiiu^t iuli, but 
there it hangs still. — Acts of GmoNWaliiM 
(coropiied by Father Giiy). 

Di iH't iiun could nflthrr stir nor split (A.D* 
l4Hi~liA)7). When S»l. Francis of Paula 
was building his great monastery, a huge 
rock stood in the spt»t designwl for a 
dormiton*'. Many men together tried to 
|iuih it out of the way, but coidd n it stir 
it. They tried to cleave it that it might 
be moved piecemeal, bot it resisted all 
their elTfift*. St. Francis himself took 
the Uksk ia hand, und carried the rock 
clean away. 

He also carried into the spire a wnmght 
fitune which four strong men could not 
lift. 

lie drew, by his own unaided strength, 
trees from the foreet where th^ had been 

cut down, and these trees were «n larirc 
tlval many uicn, with their united etlnrt'*, 
could not move them. 

He laid beams of enormous size on 
the baeke of hie workmen, and made 
it that the men were not even eon-*cio3s 
of Uicir weight. " It was as if anuels 
hod borne the weight, or al kiat Ud 
assisted in doing so." 

lie straiifhtened trees which were 
twist<ii ; shajnd jiii?.t-i and fixed tliein in 
their proper phu:ca; hollowed ditches, 
dug foundations, **it sa seule parole, et 
sans y employer le travail des hommes, 
ni le Bccours des instruments." — Acts of 
Citnonitation (compiled by Father tiiry), 

A SttrcophiUfHs lcxtme$ light whien em^ 
plotted for the hudu of St. Francis of Pttula 
(A.r>. \'A)7). St. Francis of Paula died 
at Plessis los 1 ount, and the duche^se tie 
Bourbon gave a stoue saicophagni for hie 
coffin. This sarcophaguH was given to 
her by the commander of the com* 

M 



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in 

muidcry «f BaUn, tmt had been left on 

tlu' roftd fn>ni its ^rrcit wci^'lif, f iirlit«'« n 
wxeii uiix-huU (l<: Ij-rMj's) b«ing unable U> 
BHwe it. luiiiicdiatvly tlie duclicsse coni- 
municaied lier intention to it ns a 
coffin to St. Fnncii, tbe Mreuphii^Mis 
became so light that a t*ingle roke of 
bullocks drew it easily {ihnx bvtuf* la 
traitu-rent fort facilemcnt). — Mgr*Gil^ll, 
TVs iks Siinis, vol. iv. p. IM. 

»*>V. J-rancU of Pauia sets a man trith 
neumlijiii in thr tfiiilt to canri/ a beam 
which two stnmj oxen otmid not draw (a.d. 
H16-1607). Tbe aixtoenth witness in 
tin' prncc?s of canonization at Ci>»t'iuft 
a5seited that be was suffering: from a 
•tiff thigh brought on by neumlgtaf md 
•l>plieil to St. FcMiei* of Paula for A care. 
The Haint set him to carry on his back a 
beam of a^xkI which two oxen (vnilil imt 
more. Tbe witness says he expostulated 
with the lainti urging the phv»ical ini- 

{)08»ibilityof thct<!«k. " Even if in rohu«t 
lealtb," he said, " with the aid vf niany 
men, I could not so miK^h as lift the 
heam ; how, then, can I be expected to do 
it alone, when my neatth u broken down?" 

"!)■) I tlu- rrl'Iy ; " (loii 

will ^'ivf the iiower in the diiy of His 
gnico." Aceoraingly, be cbarced himself 
with tlie beam, carried it on hid back to 
the place retjuiied, and bis thigh was 
f»erfcctly cured. — 'J'/it: Bull and ot/ter !>• ^ u- 
meiU$ of the Ckmmuatiim (compiled by 
Father uirj). 

W« art lold Uiat " ca cnire de miracle, de r«ndr« Im 

Ittwrm fl I* MfrT*. qiirlqua |ie-aj)l]) qti'Sl^ f.j\>» iit ft 
A> 1< ' l. trr, 'W In (mre lercr ilirtli ulir. im int 
ordiMirr dalu tuut l« cuun d« e»Ue oMucnictMia [I.*, bu 

St. Fridian hfis a sloiic which many men 
eouid not stir (Mixtb century). St. Fridian, 
bishop of l4icca, built twenty->«igbt 
churches. On one <'rrn:<i<>n, n Inr^'p •?tr>ne 
was required to be iiJUd on tltf wtiJl of 
one of tlie churchea he was building. 
Several men with their united strenf^Ui 
tried to lift it, but wet« wholly unable to 
•tir it in t!ie least degree. TIr Mfshop 
then took it op without the kast dttti- 
eultj, and carried it with ease to the 
place required.--i!«c/M«(a«<io(i^ JJutorjf of 
J.ucca (ITSO). 

'J'/iC heat ij v/'yi i'f paper (jtren to St. 
OvMolcot at, Ounsalvo, wishing to build 
a bridge over the Tamego, applied to a 
Tir ij::h>>ouring count fur n miL'-i ription. 
'1 itf nobleman, thinking thei>t;lM me vision- 
nfA , in order tO^t rid of the iiii[ ortunatc 
chiirfhman, scnbbled a couple of Hues on 
a scrap of paper, and told Gonaalvo to talte 



Vht.L 

it to tbe ronntnw, hii wife. 1 1 was a lonK 

way he had to pn, and whpn the lady 
opi'iH'd tlif letter, she rcail almid these 
words : *'Tlio \«\<>t fix.l, tlie btarer of 
this letter, wants to build a bridge. Let 
him hare in cash the weight of this slip 
of paper." "S«> bo it," cr'-^l ( ionsalvo. 
Accordingly, the lady pu. the letter 
into a scale, bat to Mr amaxement 
found it bahmcod a very ]nr^o sum of 
money, whii h she handed to Gonsalvo, 
and the bridge was built. — Uidacof dc 
Kosario, Lij'e of St. Gonsalvo, 

A tmaU mip of paper vrevihtdown aVfhott 
Ixish tfu! of fr}tit tiiftf'f'nth century). An 
iuhabitant of Fb>r«"iict' presented St. An- 
tonine, the arelibisbop, with a iMutket of 
frnit as a new year's gift, under the hope 
of receiving, in return, some substantial 
spiritual gift ; but the ^aint only ^ai(i to 
the giver, " May God reward you," and 
the man left, greatly and viaibiy disa|>- 
pfiintod. The aroliliishnp. nbBcrvin^ thi^s, 
called him back, and putting the bai»ket 
of fruit in one scale, and a slip of paper 
containing; the words " May G'-d reward 
you " in tbe other, found the slip of pajMr 
^^r. atly outweighed tlie ^rift. The' man, 
thurougbl^' ashamed, asRed pardon, and 
was practically taught that it is not the 
present, but the mmd and mntivc of the 
giver, which God connidvrs and weijgbt 
ill the balance of tbe i^anctuaty.— Sunoii 
Lives of tlie Saints, vid. lit. 

In Chrltttaia art, 6t. AnUmlna It r^raentod boMtng a 
rrorirt hi bh Ml hand. smI iMlMne lisMMaraiai 

In Uie oOmt. 

A vooden statue of the Vinjin Marx/ 
swl U nltf bccomet too heavji to be moved 
(A.I). 1380). A merchant was trananoit- 
ing U> Antwerp a v ixMlen image nf the 
Virgin Mary, but when he reached bcbie- 
dam the image made itself too heavy to be 
moved. All the inhabitantsran to seetllb 
"miracle," and every one came to tb« 
conclusion that it was l)ie Virgin's wish 
to remain in iichiedam. Tbe merchant 
was consulted, and «old tbe image to the 
].e<i[ b\ whn srt it Up in tbe churoh of St» 
,I«.hn the liapti!«t.—Z,«/co//,Miiri»wr, written 
by .lohn GerUc (couiin) aadJolu Waltct 
(confessior). 

The dead hodii of St. Drotfo mAv &teif 
too hem I t'< ini'itJ fii'tn .*v''ur-/, tn 
Hainatdt (A.D. nxi>J. St. Drogo died at 
Seburg, in Hiunault, where be had li^ 
FIX \e;ir!; as a shepherd, and fnrty years * 

a rt:*:lu^e. He was bom at l.pinoy. in 
Artois, and. at his death, liis kin!«ni«'n 
living at Epinoy demanded his bod^. 
When the cart cam* to take it away, it 



OBAYITATION OBEDIENT TO 8AIKTS. 



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C n ATITATION : FRITZ— MARTIBT, 



Ml 



«M found too heavy to bt lifted fmtn 
the ground. Not all the power of •crcral 
strong men could move ic ; the relati\'cs 
were theref<>r« oMi^'oil to l«nve it at 
S«burKt where* it vias buried. St. Vt^gfi'B 
tomb IS shown in $«bur^ eburdi to tli« 
pr<<<»f>nt day. It i« in the preat nave, 
txi-MT iiie font. The place where the cart 
drew up to carr>' awav the body is still 
caU«d Mount *Joie 'St, Dsogo"* In 
th« thiftecnth century his relics were 

fnmnved to BinHie, ini:1 nn jinriK:iI |.r--H'es- 
pii>n ia still n)ade to tlie place on Trinity 
Sundny.— j4c/a Sanctorum (Piapebrokeji, 
vol. ii. Ai>ril in. 

DragC'." mUtm the holy >ltcph«ni w*i«r«l hl» hUi< f, ; 
"St. Oriifu'i KoBd." wiierv tuunli « itono ctud : Bitd, ckn» 
gr^^ciwKlw a f»at ctfaS Mm ••M or OMUa «C 81. 

77te body of St. Fritz becomes suddenly too 
keav^ to b« moved (eighth centur> ). St. 
Fritz fell in the fasttle of l^upinc, and his 
hixly r«-niaint'd for n \kx\\^ tiim urslis- 
cov treU ; but one day a herdsman was 
struck at seeing a cow licking a stone in 
tlie midst of some brushwood. IIo oh- 
scrved that this wa*< rt'|H"aU«l daily, and 
the <-<iw was bfttt-r likinjr and j^'uve more 
milk than any other in the dairy. This 
•iiigttlar ciTenrnstanee aoon attracted 
(general attcnfum. nnd [XTtions went to 
examine the stone. On lifting it up, 
they were induced to dig about the spot, 
and aoon came upon a body ; it was that 
of a warrior in full armour, and no sootier 
was it raised from the ground thur\ a 
miraculous jBnring of watc*r issued from 
the spot. Tliis lo eertein, inaamacb aa 
the spring remains to the present day, 
and is well known for its hiuling virtues. 
Tlie l»odv thus discovered was the body 
of SU Fritz, and the monks resolved to 
lemove it Into tiie nei^bbouring town. 
When, however, (hey ntf< iiiptcd li> carry 
it away, it wus found to be so heavy that 
seveial yoke of oxen were unable to stir 
the bier OB which it was laid. At len^'th 
some one suggcKtcd to try the cow, and 
iiniiifdintcly the fi>w was yoked in, pIic 
drew the bier along with the utmost 
ease to the top of a high bill, bat then 
refturd to move another step. Nothing 
wt.uld induce her to stir a step furtlier, 
and the monks concluded that the saint 
did not wish to lie taken into the town : 
•o a chapel was built on the hill-top, and 
there the limly <if the saint deposited 
io a marble tomb. Jn rej^ard to the 
fountain, although ita waters hart heat- 

* A nintiy eomMnatinii. m .Muunt Jut* ii a l<IIIH|>lhMI 
«C MmuA JkvIa, tte Jdouul erf Ju{tU«. 



iog Tirtttca tiiejr can nerer be nscd for 

cidinaf}- purposes. Every one knows, 
sjiys our autboritr, that "unt femnie 
d'Andreon, qui aVait Toulu employer 
Feoa de cetto footaine poar fnire du ]>ain, 
rarait me ee dianger en mint:." (Sec 

AVENTIXK, n. ir.7.) — 1,'ahbe (iiiilhetniH-y, 
Histoire de Bmsoues et de la Vknpettf dr. 
St. Fritsty 18.W. This brochure is sold on 
the spot to riaitort for the benefit <rf the 

cha^l.) 

'Jf.e d'tad body of Si. Gudula sudfenft/ 
becomes too keetvy to be moved (a.d. « 1<I). 
When ttie dead bod.r of St. Gudnla wah 

on its way to the village of Ham. n fre«' 
in the vicinity put forth leavt!* and 
llowers, although it was midwinter [.Ian. 
8j. It was the intention of t!w TTiMnks to 
conrey thebody to the colk-^'i ,i Nivelle. 
but wlion the ci>rtc(,'e rtnclicd Ham. it 
was found that no human power could 
bear the weight of the coffin. They then 
Tcsolvcd to chjin^'e their route, and 
iubtiad of c.irryini; tlie body to Nivelle, 
to deposit it in St. Savi«^ur'8 chapel at 
Moorsel. On attempting now to lift the 
coffin, it was found to be light as a 
feather, plainly indicating the wi.-.li of 
the deceased. On reaching Moorsel, 
w hat \\ tis the astonishment of all to find 
thnt the tree which bad put forth its 
leaves and Howers in honour of the saint, 
had retnf<\e<l fr<«ni Ham, and planted it- 
self before St. Saviour's chapel, right in 
front of the main entrance. It was 

Cnmplctely covered with n rich ^;re( n 
verdure, and full of beautiful tlowerti, the 
admiration of every one who saw it. 
This miracle was so "well atte.sted" 
that Charlemagne built a religious house 
close by in honour of .St. (imliiia. To 
complete the "miracles," it must be 
added, that one day the kin^ was out 
huntin;:. when a bear of prodigious size 
took refuge in this religious house. No 
sooner, however, had it done ho than its 
whole nature was completelv changed. 
It was no lon^M r fierce and wild, but 
lived with the nuns an meek and playful 
aa a jxn lutnb. — Hubert (11M7), Life of 
St. Ottduie. 

St. John-Joseph of the Cross (A.r>. 
ir>.'>4-1734). When St. .lohn-.Jo.'«eph waa 
carrieii to the ^nive, cnrdinfil Wiseman 
says, '* il seuiblait moins dtre port^ par 
le» porteurs que les porter euxmCmca. —^ 
M I u'ne, DitaatutmUam £vai^iqiig9f vol. 
xvi. 

The CO fin of 8t» Martin too heart/ to be 
lifted (fifth centarv)« The church built 
by St, Brice over the tomb »f St. Martin 



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IM 



GBAYITATION OCEDISNT TO SAtHTS. 



helQir too mnalt, St. Per|>etou8, Nshop of 
Tours (a.i>. 46l-^!>4), Vtuilta uuich larger 
on.'. ( )ij the day of iu consecration (a.i». 
491) an attempt was made to reinnvc the 
bod;^' of (Im laint into the new cliurch ; 
but It was found to be too heavy for men 
to lift. A yniiri); clerk sti^Xi^t-stvd th/it 
two dava lutt r wuiild be the aonivetsary 
of St. Martin's consecration as bishop of 
Tount, and probably tlie saint would not 
choose to be moved till then. Acting 
oil this sugitestiun, the ceremony was 
deferred for two days. Aootbcr ettenpt 
WAS then made to carry the body into the 
new basilii ii. but it was equally unsuc- 
cessful a« tlif fiinuerooe. An old man, 
dn«ed like nn nbbot, now came forward 
end eaidt *'X>o yw not see that St. 
Uartin hiuMlf h ready Va h«lp yon?" 
So tmyinKf be threw Iiis cbi.ik on the 
(cround, and lifting up tlie cothn without 
the slightest diHicuUy, carried it from St. 
Brice's church, nrnl l;iid it suKMiinly mij 
reverently in the place uiisigneJ fur it io 
the new church, under Uic altar in Uie 
•pee. The old lituixy of Toim adde, 

Rrery one believee thet the old nun who 
rnrrieil the idfiin from St. Urice's churrh 
was HU an|rel ateut from heaven for Ute 
express purpo!«c.'* [It appears to me that 
the ^' old man *' was SL Martin himself.] 
— L'abbcf Holland, Life vf St. Perpvt 
(bishop (if Tours). 

The (}ier oj St. Mcdard rrfttsed to be 
moeed tilt hajf Ctotaire promifed to give 
the vhoie borough of Ciwti^ lu the new 
church (a.1». 545). * \\ ht n St. Medud 
died, the king(Clotaire I.) was oneoftbs 
be«ren, end protniaed to build a new 
church at SotMoni as a suitable monn- 
ment to the .saint, who died at Xovon. 
When the proce^iiion reached Ai.tnc 4 
Attichy, on the skirts of ('nmy (about 
two hundred paces from Stiifsoos), the 
bier became wholly immovable ; no one 
could lift it on one side or the other. 
The king then promioed to give half the 
boroogb of Crony to the new ehnrdi. 
On tryin;:: Ri^tim to lift tlie bier, it was 
found thai liie half facing the part given 
to the church wh.h loo.ie and could be 
moved, but the other half was a« fast as 
ever. Clotaire now promiited to bestow 
die wliolr hornii;,'h oil thi' churi li, and the 
bier instantly beeauie so light that it 
could lie lifted and carried about withimt 
the Hliu'hlONt diffieulty. ~.\cta Smtel/Omm 
(BullaudisUi), vul. ii. June H. 

TImh Miwnaty mlnclts am «tw«»s uMptckuM. I wm 
•M mmtat '^.l!;- fl«Wr. aaols* 'ISM*^* *»* 



After Ut« ujual f-Ki > ,« ^onr Uir>i«mk. IkSBHRei 

St. Patrick jitMiU on a stone. St, 
Patrick, we are told, floated to Ireland oa 
an altar-stone. Amongst other wonder- 
ful things he oonvertea a maimnder into 

ft wolf, iind lighted a tire with iciek-!*. — 
Jnnu'H A. Froude, HeininUcencea of the 
J/i'jh Church Reoml (Letter v.). 

Ihe dead bodtea of Qniriuua and Balhtna 
too heavy to lif l (second ecnlur^*). Pope 
I<eo IX., at the earnest solicitation of hif 
sister Pepa, abbeaa of Noyes, j^ve her 
the bodice of Qeirinue and Balbina fhui 
(hiu^'htcr) to enrich her convent. ^\■lK■n 
tiie mule bearing the dead bodies reneiud 
I>:ib<>, itrefnaedto itir another step, and 
the driver* were compelled to unload it. 
Next day they intended to continue their 

t'oumey, but found the dead bixlios so 
leavy that ail their efforts could not 
raine them from the ground. Pepii, 
reroj,'nizin;; therein the hniid of the 
Almighty, built a chapel uu the »put, 
where she left the two bodies, but carried 
their head* to Nuyss.— Vagner {mi), 
OmMrtiom and Martyrdom of St. Qubimm 
am! his l>-iH !ht> r Ilil'mia. 

Tlui dt:<id U^lij of St. lieini be<x»i*cs toe 
heavy to tn! Uft d (a.». 646). St. licmi 
died Jan. 13, 546, but his festival it kept 
on Oct. 1, for this reason : He was buried 
in the church of St. (hristophir, in 
Reims ; but aa this church was siuall, 
wid pilgrims to it very nonieroui, it was 
cnlarj.'ed, and a costly shrine was provided 
for the buint. When aU was completed, 
and the priests attempted to raise the 
body to depoail it in the new ahrine, it 
waa found to be eo heavy that no 
human powtr couM I fi it; so the cler^'V 
and people betook themselves to prayer, 
and prayod till they fell aaleep. While 
Uiey slept, angels came and lifted the 
body into the shrine. This occurred on 
Oct, 1, so the "d.-iy" of St. liemi was 
removed from Jan. 13, the day of hia 
death, to Oct the day of hie tniial^ 
tioo.^ — Ilincrnar (archbii^hnp of Reima^ 
who dicU 6ti2), Life of St. Keini. 

Mtcomm. It wlU oonir to vnrf one, if •!! wrrt ««l««f\ 

hew itHjI.J it K' Vu'imii tlu.t ilm Unly m .i. Ultad lM» MS 
t)::inf l>> .ii,i:vl'> It It lln' ..M 'iu,' i 't> i>f Hm MSMM 
((uur>l mli<t tlic ctt'iiliii^ >'f III,- tx«i} III JvMIM. 

The dead bodies of three saints refuse to 
be mooed from AmieM (sixth century). 
At the consecration of St. Honor<' to the 
tee of Amiens, Lupioin, a prie.'^t, g:ivi» 
out th it hi- liiid been informed by re\ i-la- 
tion where the three mart>rB Fuacian, 
Vietorins, and Gentian vcct buied. 



Digitized by Gopgle 



Pf. I.] 



QUIDS r GSEOOKT-^KTWGA. 



Iflb 



They had been dohd abore thnt handred 

Seiirs, bnt Lupicin diaco^cred the bodies 
I th« pUo« lodicAlcdi And the chanl 
whidi WW wwag on nt dfaeovcty wu 
heard St. Hodoi^ mx mi1< s off. Ring 
Cbild«bert II. sent cominiiiHitmeM to 
Amiens to rnmove the bodies to Paris, 
but they mMUi tbeaselvM too hMrr to 
b« lifted, and were ot necewHtv left at 
AmiLii^. Tlie kirsj;, boin;; told of Uiis 
*' miracle," sent rich preseols to the 
Mlhedrml of Aaiieos in honour of the 
n«w-fnand iKiata.— MorUteai AiiiipUiitt 
of AmienM. 

St. Valery^s dead body tw heavy to be 
ttfUd (•eveoOk otntoir). St. V«lerf ww 
bttriad nt Ltooofui&iflmtBcrehont, wish* 
ittg to honour him, *mploye<i w 'rknu'n 
to Ptniti'K^ the body to Amiens. No 
•lmigt}i < f luAo couldi however, lift the 
dead body from its grare. " Une 
poisaance irr^tstible paralysa tons lea 
efforts ; on ne put vi-nir a, l)out de le 
•ottlerer de terra." Thus was it that the 
•iiot diow«d h« cHd not wish to be 
removed from the spot in irhirh he wna 
already interred. — UesaQ^uu, Lts Saints 
de Franche Comt^. 

St, Maoanm of Egjot ooirweifihted 
fA.I». 80i-8M). St Macariot of Egypt 
used to hirf liini'^elf out rifl a porter. < »nc 
day, being overwreightcd, he s;it on the 
roadside and cried, saying. ''O Lord, 
Thou knowewt nil tilings ; Thou knowest 
now that the spirit i» willinf;, but the 
i-»\vi ;ik. ' No Bonner had lie iitlLTfd 
these words, than he found himself with 
hie burden at the place to whidk he wm 
bound.—i^ Mtt 3olkmdtite$t toI. 1. 
p. 62. 

Quida. 

PsAUi xlvttf. 14. This Ood b ov fled. Bs 
win be our Guide even nnto death. 

MATt. li. 9. Lol the star, whldi tbs wise 
A)n esw fa Am eart. wrnt belhn them, till It 
cnine nd etoed ever wttcie the yoong child 



Aerording to an anctoat 

tb« rtw liMl Ik* fem •! • 
•mi enm; mt HUm 



on MMtbw I 



It «M tiMIMd. O VMMlraOt I 

LIko h ntUnstl chM of light. 
HoMlng of kingi? mlgiiC 
With a c r >» or'ml^nlng. 

NiTH. ix. 12. Tliou ImkkHt then In the day 
hr a doody pillar ; sod In the nigU by • pUisr 
Of Or*, to give them light In the Way wbsMln 
tbey »«bo-ii i (Km>.i. lo. 20). 

St. WUitum J'trumtus of 2uur» iptuLd 
hv a crow (a. I). 1103). One dny, St. 
William Firmatos having lost his way, 
G>d sent a orow to guide hin into toe 



rii(liL jtatii. The bird went before,, and 
by its voice and the clappinz of its 
winifSi indooed the aaint to follow.— 
Boluradiis, Aeta Smeiorum, Feb. S8. 

Tfione »ecf:!nf St. Gregory the Greai 
guided Ijt, a pUiar qJ fire, Nauclems tells 
us, when St. Gregory the Great heard he 
was likely to be appointed pope, he fled 
to a certain mountain, and lay perdu. 
Person.-* were st-nt to hunt him up, and 
saw a pillar of fire descend from heaven, 
which led them difaet to the moantain, 
and then fttnod over the [daco where 
Gregory lay concealed ; so they found 
him, and conducted him to Rome, as il 
were by Tiolence. — Chrvrndf 

A htmmlg light went hefer* Jmim$ 

^f'tr!e ill' Mniil^ to ijuuJe hfr in the drtrk. 
When Jeanne Marie da Maille lost her 
husband, she was turned out of houee 
and home by her late husband's relatives, 
and went as an assistant to St. Anne's 
chnpol. Whenever she went it: l!i durk. 
of niffbt to the chapel^ or returned from 
it, a beavenly light went before her aa a 
lamp unto her feet and a li^ht unto her 
path. — P^re de Boiitgaultier (her con- 
fessor), Life of Jeanne Marie de ifaiU€. 

St. Oringa guided by a hare (a.i*. 1310). 
St. Orin^ having lost her parents, fell 
under the rluir^,'o of her brothers, who 
tried to comixil her to marry ; as, how- 
ever, she had vowed to be the bride of 
Clirist, and her l)rnthcr-4 would not 
relent, she fled from thoir roof. Ere 
looif she o.imc to a deep river ; bnt. full 
of faith, she walked on, and the river, 
dividing, left her a d ry path across. On, 
on she went, and came tr> a l.ar^'o meadow, 
whisn darkncfti uvurtuuk her, and sho 
lay down to sleep. A timid hare eame 
and cuddled beside her. Next morning 
she followed the gnidance of her beef* 
fellow, and came ^ Liicques, when tho 
entered the service of a good man. 

A nother instance. St. Oringa nmuaed 
in the service of her employer a certain 
time, when the devil disturbed the peace 
of the house, and attain she took herself 
to flight, intending to go on pilgriniag;e 
lo l^nt Gargano. Having lost her 
way, thf- archangel Michael, under the 
form of a young deacon, put her 10 tlie 
right road, supplied her with food, and 
then left her.-<i.M PetiU BoUandUtet, 
▼ol. ii. p. 675. 

In tliU Moond Icgond w* hnrr « etiaractwUtle «nrr pU 

nf the iiMMle of though I In ih« MIddIa Airr. Although 
t\\* g\t\i\r WIul. to kit Hi p-arnnOM, ■ rouni drncou, h« 



Digitized by GcQgle 



tM 



HATR— HAMAV CAITGRT IN IITS OWN NET. 



[Pt. T. 



Hair a Talisman. 



Joiw. x«t If, tie. Ummm mI4 to nelllab. 
Thtn batli not can* a naor vpnn mlav bead, 
fbr I have been a Nasarlte vnto God tt*m my 
Dfther's womb. If I wore to be (haven, tii<>n 
my Rtrenftth woald go from nic, and 1 should 
beritiue weak. be lik" - ilicr mmi. 

Ver. Ti Howl>i ii tlK- hail <.l ti' ml tiepaii 
to grow aK&in «fV<T Ik- h "liavi-u [nnd with 
bit growing hair bia euoruoua strength re- 



HetiM It b quite 
WM In ■iinie nir*li 
not vlth bU vow. 

J/air supposed bif the anpemr Alfxander 
Seterus to be a talisman. St. Martina, 
being bound to the »Uke by order of the 
tmpmr Alexander Sevenie, was wholly 
vninjurrd l»y the fire, and the eniporor, 
tfainkinK this was due to nmf^ic, and that 
the charm was lodfjed in her hair, com- 
manded every atom of it to be cut off. 
— BoIIandus, Acta Semctonun^ vol. i. 
Jan. 1. 

Manx natiOM Imt« ■ u ppo>w l that trwne ipvria) vIrtiM 
rnl<lr< In Iha Mr. Tfte NuHrllni rnwrA not to cut Itirlr 
h^tir I Numb. «L 9). In Urtwce anil Rome the liolr aa* 
rut xt a<lo|(>wen(«, and offrml to Uh c.Mii ThedwelK, 
twl bcfiirc marrUcc. nit off (ivrlr hair, ■iid nfferrd It to 
VlMkt taroyriia 4aitf ; tbe liair a( tti« drad waa alio hang 
on the door of th* itM^anl b«rarv intemwnl. »• an 
oA'ciliic (') th* iiifrrtmlji Both Gn-rk. mid Roniana 
Uipim "il itint 111 [wpain c<>iil<l dta till a l<K-k i>t haJr twkd 
bwn rut <iir ; but lhl< art «a« ini|ip<t.«d t<> li« dotir \>j 
Irt«, Mcrcurr. Pianaloa, or torn* oihrr dlvlm mnnrnitrr 
iVIntiL .CtaWrf. It. SMt. Tb« KjTiana (ve arv ti<ld lijr 
btrlanl offemi tbcir hidr to tbe ffoda. Il va* bf oo 
■Man> unumial to make vaw M«ar (•> cat th« hair till 
wnw <tatrd ob>(rl bad been arru«>r>lt<li<«l. Tim*. Cttilit 
Towfd nt^rf to nit bl« hair till br tiwl d<-'';iUil the 
Roman Incion* (Tadtuik Hittorjf, bk. Iv.l. Kver; one 
knowt tliat thrw batra of a dog whkb has Mttia «aa VlU 
prerant any «tU coo— qnentai from the bit*. 

Tkke the hair. It U well wrlttrn. 
IK the dog by •bleb jou're bitten. 

Prohablx It wim w>n)'-»hln(t niorw thnn a niTr flffure of 
(peecb when It » il .it tlir >triiiiL:>->t ;iiririuaUon of 

Mua or Jopiicr vaa a abaka u( bli anihr(>a4ai tialr. atad 
lkrtllwb^alA»«lto^l|^.Na>iMid>anllMW, 

Hamaa caught In his own 

Wet. 

iu'«TH, !v.. t1 , vll. Ilaman. thf hiph ^toward 
of kliip Ahoxnerus, haitd M.^rilf^ial, imrle of 
qn«>n K«tli. r, tforanse li<« r. fii«i>d to f.iwn on 
blin and n.<itt> r Mm. Hp rarrietl his batrnl so 
far iLH t« pl< t the death of all the Jcwi In 
Ppraia. 'I lie plot waa revalid to Kstlior, who 
contrived to l>rc;ik it tip in tbe following 
Dianoer. She mude a fn>at feast, to which tbe 
invited tbe king and Haman. ThealewanI vas 
gf«atl/ deU^itod; and Iheltng e«re of hia 

Ehad a gallowa erected, thf enbita bleb 
tty-Bve feet), to bang Moidwd on the 
lirr the banquet. Now, ft so happened 
that 1llord«ral some \ eart« prfvkmaty bnd re> 
viviI(h1 to the king a plot l>y two eunnclm to 
vi-sati>>inate him and (lif allilr v\hb duly 
r»'Ki«trr<''I in \hf n.iti 'niil record*. 'l"tn> night 
before tbe Icaat. the king, fi-eling reatlexa, bad. 



for anunH-m^-nt Mk<\ the rect,-d« of his own 
ffign rrad to him ; a'ul when he caiiif to 
Moiilrral, he Mid, Huw was that UuitJ r>-- 
w.ird d ' 1{< iiig told li«' lind i< o'lvrd no icwatd 
at all. tlip king d>-iii«n'!. <1 who was In the 
tvurt; and wan tiil i II imi'i, the high iit^wiinl. 
waM nt hand. A( tlii>i vi ry nionif'nt ilaniau 
enterpd. and the king r(.iid to him. Ilamnn, what 
vh.ill he done to the man that the king de- 
lighteth to honour? Haman, fcH-ling sure that 
he himself was the man relpripil t->, ivpllird. 
Let him be armj'ed in royal .11 narvl, set on the 
hing'a cliarger. and conducted throogh tbe dty 
the hl^t>«t oOorca ef the lealm t while 
heraMi pradahn ftom atieel to etreet. Thna la 
It done to the iMn whom the king del ghteth 
to honour. The thing pleatted the king, and be 
bade Haroan on tbe morrow to honour Mordecal 
as he h.id Mid. Tbi*. of cour>c. was gall and 
wonnwfKxl to the Jealoix f.iTotiriie, but he 
dur^t iH.t difkibey ; so .Murd'-cai waa arrayed in 
royal ro|>es, tut on Ihf klnjr t* charger, and led 
thioiigh the city as Ihe man whom t>«- kitig 
delighted to honour. In the cvning wa* the 
baiiiquct. and Aha.'ueni'' haile the tju-' n n-'k ■ t 
him whatever «he lik<d, arnl it i«hotild be 
grante<l her. f>lher mmlestly replle<l, Then I 
I'tay your bIghneM that ray life may lie spared, 
I hut i may devote It to my lord and master. 
The king was tliuixlerBtnick. Life '